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Study sets matching "nutrition energy balance weight"

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Study sets matching "nutrition energy balance weight"

13 terms
Energy Balance and Weight Nutrition
metabolism
energy metabolism
catabolic reactions
anabolic reactions
chemical reactions that take place in the body
chemical reactions involved in breakdown, synthesis, and tran…
breakdown of storage molecules into subunits
synthesis of larger molecules from subunits
metabolism
chemical reactions that take place in the body
energy metabolism
chemical reactions involved in breakdown, synthesis, and tran…
35 terms
Nutrition: Energy Balance and Weight Management
Body weight is determined by...
Genetics accounts for____of weight dif…
BMR
Genetic disorders
Age, gender, body composition, amount of food consumed and co…
40-70%
-basal metabolic rate (BMR)... -genes affect metabolic rate, fue…
-Leptin (reduces appetite)... -Ghrelin (stimulates appetite)
Body weight is determined by...
Age, gender, body composition, amount of food consumed and co…
Genetics accounts for____of weight dif…
40-70%
27 terms
Nutrition- Energy Balance and Weight Control
Hunger
appetite
satiation
satiety
physiological drive
integrated response to sight, smell, thought or tast of food…
feeling of satisfaction
after meal satisfaction...inhibits eating until next meal
Hunger
physiological drive
appetite
integrated response to sight, smell, thought or tast of food…
42 terms
Nutrition: Energy Balance and Weight Control
Overweight/ Obesity
Amount of obese U.S. adults
Amount of U.S. adults that are trying…
Fat-free mass
Conditions in which individuals have excessive unhealthy amou…
one-third of U.S. adults
more than half of U.S. adults
Body water, mineral-rich tissues, and protein-rich tissues
Overweight/ Obesity
Conditions in which individuals have excessive unhealthy amou…
Amount of obese U.S. adults
one-third of U.S. adults
54 terms
Nutrition- Energy Balance and Weight Control
Signals for reevaluation of diet and l…
energy intake, in form of food and bev…
energy intake is greater than energy e…
energy intake is less than energy expe…
10 pounds of weight gain ... 2-inch increase in waist circumfere…
energy balance
positive energy balance
negative energy balance
Signals for reevaluation of diet and l…
10 pounds of weight gain ... 2-inch increase in waist circumfere…
energy intake, in form of food and bev…
energy balance
16 terms
nutrition: energy balance and weight control
components of body weight, factors tha…
list the internal factors that influen…
provide examples of external factors t…
ways in which the body uses energy, wh…
water, lean body mass, skeletal mass, fat mass... nature- sex ge…
nutrient levels, hormones, neurotransmitters
availability and social interactions
basal metabolic processes (60-70%), physical activity (20-30%…
components of body weight, factors tha…
water, lean body mass, skeletal mass, fat mass... nature- sex ge…
list the internal factors that influen…
nutrient levels, hormones, neurotransmitters
18 terms
Nutrition Energy Balance and Weight Control
Energy Balance
Positive energy balance
Negative energy balance
Energy intake
energy intake = energy expended
energy intake > energy expended
energy intake < energy expended
Fat: Body has unlimited ability to store fat (as fat) in adip…
Energy Balance
energy intake = energy expended
Positive energy balance
energy intake > energy expended
19 terms
Nutrition 200-- Energy and Weight Balance
BMR
BMR affected by...
BMR men/women
energy balance
Basal Metabolic Rate... keep alive when bored and awake but not…
increase: caffeine, male, muscle, fever, tobacco... decrease: ag…
60-70% of total EE... women .9 kcal/kg/hr... men 1 kcal/kg/hr
is based on TIME FRAME... and is almost never balanced... negative…
BMR
Basal Metabolic Rate... keep alive when bored and awake but not…
BMR affected by...
increase: caffeine, male, muscle, fever, tobacco... decrease: ag…
Nutrition: Energy Balance and Weight Control
Overweight/ Obesity
Amount of obese U.S. adults
Amount of U.S. adults that are trying…
Fat-free mass
Conditions in which individuals have excessive unhealthy amou…
one-third of U.S. adults
more than half of U.S. adults
Body water, mineral-rich tissues, and protein-rich tissues
Overweight/ Obesity
Conditions in which individuals have excessive unhealthy amou…
Amount of obese U.S. adults
one-third of U.S. adults
41 terms
Energy Balance and Weight control: nutrition
Why athletes lose weight
Allow adequate time!!!
Weight lose tips
Dehydration
- Weight Category must be achieved... - Improved performance in…
- Off-season evaluation.... - Set a plan to incorporate during t…
- DON'T SKIP MEALS! Eat 5 times per day.... - Include protein at…
- Reduced blood & plasma volumes... - Reduced cardiac function... -…
Why athletes lose weight
- Weight Category must be achieved... - Improved performance in…
Allow adequate time!!!
- Off-season evaluation.... - Set a plan to incorporate during t…
37 terms
Nutrition: Energy Balance and Weight Management
Healthy Weight
Body Composition
Visceral fat
Subcutaneous fat
Weight that minimizes health risk realistically
Relative amounts of fat and fat-free/ lean tissues (bone, mus…
Around organs=central obesity=apple shape
Below the skin= fat sandwich= pear shape
Healthy Weight
Weight that minimizes health risk realistically
Body Composition
Relative amounts of fat and fat-free/ lean tissues (bone, mus…
88 terms
Nutrition Chapter 7: Energy Balance & Weight Control
2/3, 68.8
35.7
lifestyle
True
Currently over ___, or ____% of all North American adults are…
____% of all North American adults are classified as obese
The relatively rapid increase in the number of overweight/obe…
True/False: There is no quick cure of being overweight
2/3, 68.8
Currently over ___, or ____% of all North American adults are…
35.7
____% of all North American adults are classified as obese
45 terms
Energy & Weight Balance Nutrition Ch 10
Overweight
Obesity
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Fat-Free Mass
Having extra weight from bone, muscle, body fat and/or body w…
Condition characterized by excessive and unhealthy amounts of…
Numerical value of relationship between body weight and risk…
Body compartment that is comprised of body water, mineral-ric…
Overweight
Having extra weight from bone, muscle, body fat and/or body w…
Obesity
Condition characterized by excessive and unhealthy amounts of…
66 terms
nutrition exam 2 energy balance&weight management
weight is gained when
kcal input increased over the years be…
kcal output has decreased over the yea…
kcal values in foot table are determin…
kcal intake is greater than kcal output
increased availability of palatable food, increase portion si…
less physical activity and more sitting
burning food to determine the kcal produced and correcting fo…
weight is gained when
kcal intake is greater than kcal output
kcal input increased over the years be…
increased availability of palatable food, increase portion si…
40 terms
Nutrition chapter 7 energy balance and weight control
BMI greater than 30
BMI great than or equal to 25
cause of obesity trend
energy balance
obese
overweight
eat too much and don't exercise enough
energy in (food/drink intake) - energy out (energy expenditure)
BMI greater than 30
obese
BMI great than or equal to 25
overweight
20 terms
Nutrition Exam 4. Energy balance and weight management
Weight gain
Weight maintained
Weight loss
Basal metabolism, physical activity an…
If Kcal in are > Kcal out = + balance
If Kcal in = Kcal out = Energy balance
If Kcal in < Kcal out = - balance
Activities that contribute to the expenditure of energy in th…
Weight gain
If Kcal in are > Kcal out = + balance
Weight maintained
If Kcal in = Kcal out = Energy balance
46 terms
EXAM #4 Nutrition (Energy Balance & Weight Management)
Total energy expenditure
Basal metabolism
Basal metabolic rate (BMR)
Thermic effect of food (TMR)
total amount of energy used by the body each day
includes all essential metabolic functions to keep you alive
energy expended for basal metabolism
also called "diet-induced thermogenesis"; energy required to…
Total energy expenditure
total amount of energy used by the body each day
Basal metabolism
includes all essential metabolic functions to keep you alive
100 terms
Nutrition Chapter 10: Weight Management and Energy Balance
What is the definition of a "healthy w…
What is considered "overweight"?
What percent of Americans are overweig…
What is considered "obese"?
A weight that doesn't increase the risk of developing weight-…
10 to 15 pounds more than healthy weight.
67
25 to 40 pounds more than healthy weight.
What is the definition of a "healthy w…
A weight that doesn't increase the risk of developing weight-…
What is considered "overweight"?
10 to 15 pounds more than healthy weight.
49 terms
Nutrition Test 3 - Energy Balance and Weight Control
Why do some athletes lose weight? (the…
When and how should an athlete lose we…
What are some weight loss tips? (there…
What are some of the effects of dehydr…
1. Certain weight is required (ex. wrestling)... 2. Less weight…
Off season; 0.5% - 1% body weight per week
1. Don't skip meals, eat about 5 times per day... 2. Include pro…
1. Reduced blood and plasma volumes... 2. Reduced cardiac functi…
Why do some athletes lose weight? (the…
1. Certain weight is required (ex. wrestling)... 2. Less weight…
When and how should an athlete lose we…
Off season; 0.5% - 1% body weight per week
38 terms
Nutrition Chapter 10 - Energy Balance & Weight Control
3 Components of Body Composition
Essential fat
Subcutaneous fat
Visceral fat
1. Body fat ... 2. Lean body mass - composed of skeletal muscle,…
Needed for proper functioning of the brain, nerve tissue, bon…
Sub = under, cutaneous = skin ... Help insulate, protects muscle…
Forms protective structure under abdominal muscles and over s…
3 Components of Body Composition
1. Body fat ... 2. Lean body mass - composed of skeletal muscle,…
Essential fat
Needed for proper functioning of the brain, nerve tissue, bon…
8 terms
Nutrition Chapter 7 energy balance and weight control
negative energy balance
positive energy balance
set point theory
chain-breaking
is required to lose weight
when energy input is greater than energy output
often refers to the close regulation of body weight
separates behaviors that tend to occur together
negative energy balance
is required to lose weight
positive energy balance
when energy input is greater than energy output
60 terms
Nutrition 251 Energy, Balance, and Weight Management
Energy Balance
positive energy balance
negative energy balance
Direct Calorimetry
Body weight is stable when energy consumed is equal to energy…
______ results in the storage of excess energy as adipose tis…
results in the use of stored energy from glycogen, fat, and m…
measures released heat energy directly
Energy Balance
Body weight is stable when energy consumed is equal to energy…
positive energy balance
______ results in the storage of excess energy as adipose tis…
37 terms
Nutrition Chapter 10 Weight Balance and Energy Maintenance
healthy weight
weight management
overweight
obesity
a body weight in relationship to your height that doesn't inc…
maintaining your weight within a healthy range
carrying extra weight on your body in relation to your height…
carrying an excessive amount of body fat above the level of b…
healthy weight
a body weight in relationship to your height that doesn't inc…
weight management
maintaining your weight within a healthy range
36 terms
CH. 7 Energy Balance & Weight Control (Nutrition)
energy balance
positive energy balance
negative energy balance
energy intake
energy input equals energy output
energy input is greater than energy output
energy input is less than energy output
number of calories eaten each day
energy balance
energy input equals energy output
positive energy balance
energy input is greater than energy output
42 terms
NUTRITION test #2: Energy Balance & Weight Control
In 2007, ___% of American adults were…
Fattest nation in the world
Fat-free mass
Total body fat
68%
Mexico
body water, mineral-rich tissues, and protein-rich tissues
adipose CT; essential fat in cell membranes
In 2007, ___% of American adults were…
68%
Fattest nation in the world
Mexico
15 terms
nutrition ch 10 weight management and energy balance
a person weighing ____ or more pounds…
a body mass index over 25 is considere…
an average healthy woman between the a…
the best way to measure visceral body…
25
overweight
22 to 26
waist measurement
a person weighing ____ or more pounds…
25
a body mass index over 25 is considere…
overweight
23 terms
nutrition -- energy balance and weight management lecture 19
evolution of man
body mass index
Obesity in the United States
the obesity epidemic
2.5 millions years to now
-Body Mass Index (BMI) - current standard for evaluating body…
-Obesity in America has increased at an alarming rate... -Contin…
->2/3 of Americans adults are overweight or obese ... ~Almost 17…
evolution of man
2.5 millions years to now
body mass index
-Body Mass Index (BMI) - current standard for evaluating body…
100 terms
Nutrition Chapter 10: Weight Management and Energy Balance
What is the definition of a "healthy w…
What is considered "overweight"?
What percent of Americans are overweig…
What is considered "obese"?
A weight that doesn't increase the risk of developing weight-…
10 to 15 pounds more than healthy weight.
67
25 to 40 pounds more than healthy weight.
What is the definition of a "healthy w…
A weight that doesn't increase the risk of developing weight-…
What is considered "overweight"?
10 to 15 pounds more than healthy weight.
Nutrition- chapter 9 Energy balance and Weight management
What percent of adults are either over…
A BMI of 25-29.9 is ________________?
A BMI over 30 is __________??
High blood pressure, heart disease, di…
69%!!!!! (35% are obese though...)
Overweight!!!
Obese!!!!!!! (>30)
Excess body fat!
What percent of adults are either over…
69%!!!!! (35% are obese though...)
A BMI of 25-29.9 is ________________?
Overweight!!!
17 terms
Human Nutrition Final (Energy Balance and Weight Control)
BMI = weight x 703 / in^2
Surrounding organs in chest, stomach,…
Located between the skin and muscle
calipers measure width of skinfolds at…
Calculate BMI
Visceral Fat
Subcutaneous Fat
Skin fold thickness
BMI = weight x 703 / in^2
Calculate BMI
Surrounding organs in chest, stomach,…
Visceral Fat
19 terms
Nutrition Chapter 3- energy balance and weight control
Energy needs, output & potential in fo…
Energy Intake = Energy Output = Wgt st…
Factors contributing to energy require…
Energy expended in physical activity (…
1. kilocalories... 2. 4... 3. 4... 4. 9... 5. 7
...
1. essential life functions... 2. 60-75
1. 30-60
Energy needs, output & potential in fo…
1. kilocalories... 2. 4... 3. 4... 4. 9... 5. 7
Energy Intake = Energy Output = Wgt st…
...
52 terms
Nutrition - Chapter 9: Energy Balance and Weight Management
What is overweight?
What is obese?
What are the health consequences of ex…
What chronic diseases are associated w…
Being too heavy for one's height, usually due to an excess of…
Having excess body fat... (BMI: >30)
-More excess body fat, greater risk of disease... -Longer you ca…
-High blood pressure... -Heart disease... -High blood cholesterol... -…
What is overweight?
Being too heavy for one's height, usually due to an excess of…
What is obese?
Having excess body fat... (BMI: >30)
25 terms
Nutrition Exam 2 - Energy Balance and Weight Control
what is "energy in" measured in
what is "energy out" measured in
what does a pound of fat equivalents t…
what is a healthy weight loss?
kcals in food
kcals the body spends
3500 kcals
.5-2 pounds/week
what is "energy in" measured in
kcals in food
what is "energy out" measured in
kcals the body spends
71 terms
Nutrition 251 Energy, Balance, and Weight Management
Energy Balance
positive energy balance
negative energy balance
Direct Calorimetry
Body weight is stable when energy consumed is equal to energy…
______ results in the storage of excess energy as adipose tis…
results in the use of stored energy from glycogen, fat, and m…
measures released heat energy directly
Energy Balance
Body weight is stable when energy consumed is equal to energy…
positive energy balance
______ results in the storage of excess energy as adipose tis…
44 terms
Nutrition Chapter 10 Weight Balance and Energy Maintenance
healthy weight
weight management
overweight
obesity
a body weight in relationship to your height that doesn't inc…
maintaining your weight within a healthy range
carrying extra weight on your body in relation to your height…
carrying an excessive amount of body fat above the level of b…
healthy weight
a body weight in relationship to your height that doesn't inc…
weight management
maintaining your weight within a healthy range
22 terms
Nutrition Study Guide (Energy Balance and Weight Management)
Overweight
Obesity
BMI
BMI formula
Refers to extra body weight contributed by bone muscle body f…
A condition characterized by excess and unhealthy amounts of…
Tool used to estimate an individuals body weight status,
WEIGHT / Height (IN) ^2 X 703
Overweight
Refers to extra body weight contributed by bone muscle body f…
Obesity
A condition characterized by excess and unhealthy amounts of…
15 terms
Nutrition (Energy Balance and Healthy Body Weight)
Underweight Risks
Overweight Risks
Central Obesity (Apple Shape)
Health Risk From Obesity Are Assessed…
•Infertility ... •Death-because they don't have excess energy st…
•Obesity... -Hypertension... -Hypertension... -Heart disease ... -Sle…
•Fat that collects deep in the abdominal area of the body ... •I…
1. BMI (Body Mass Index) -- average relative weight to height…
Underweight Risks
•Infertility ... •Death-because they don't have excess energy st…
Overweight Risks
•Obesity... -Hypertension... -Hypertension... -Heart disease ... -Sle…
sports nutrition-energy balance and weight maintenance
energy balance
factors affecting energy balance
components energy expenditure
REE or RMR
-determine whether someone gains or loses weight... -nutritional…
dietary intake, habits and practices, physical activity, envi…
REE,TEF,TEA
resting energy expenditure, resting metabolic rate... -60-75% of…
energy balance
-determine whether someone gains or loses weight... -nutritional…
factors affecting energy balance
dietary intake, habits and practices, physical activity, envi…
Nutrition Chapter 7: Energy Balance & Weight Management
Bomb Calorimeter
KCal Amounts
Energy is converted to
Total Energy Expenditure (TEE)
Finds TOTAL energy in food
4: Protein & Carbs, 7: Alcohol, 9: Fat
ATP
Energy needed for bodily Function ... EX: Heart beating, process…
Bomb Calorimeter
Finds TOTAL energy in food
KCal Amounts
4: Protein & Carbs, 7: Alcohol, 9: Fat
89 terms
Nutrition Ch. 10- Energy Balance & Weight Control
overweight
obesity
BMI (Body Mass Index)
The body is composed of 2 major compar…
having extra weight from bone, muscle, body fat, and/or body…
condition characterized by an excessive and unhealthy amount…
numerical value of relationship between body weight and risk…
-fat-free mass ... -total body fat
overweight
having extra weight from bone, muscle, body fat, and/or body…
obesity
condition characterized by an excessive and unhealthy amount…
96 terms
Nutrition - Chapter 6 & 7 - Energy Balance & Weight Management
Liver & Muscle
Adipose
Triglycerides
Metabolism
The organs where surplus glucose is first stored as glycogen…
Surplus dietary fat is routed to the body's ______ tissue whe…
When amino acids aren't used to build body proteins or for en…
The entire network of physical processes and chemical reactio…
Liver & Muscle
The organs where surplus glucose is first stored as glycogen…
Adipose
Surplus dietary fat is routed to the body's ______ tissue whe…
52 terms
Nutrition Chapter 9: Energy Balance and Weight Management
What is overweight?
What is obese?
What gives you a greater risk with exc…
Chronic Disease of having too much bod…
being too heavy for one's height, usually due to an excess of…
having excess body fat
the more excess body fat you have the greater your risk ... the…
High blood pressure ... Heart disease ... High blood cholesterol... Di…
What is overweight?
being too heavy for one's height, usually due to an excess of…
What is obese?
having excess body fat
15 terms
Nutrition Chapter 7: Energy Balance and Weight Management
What are some things contributed to Am…
Why has our intake of food gone up?
Why has energy expenditure gone down?
_____ is independent of ____ and is th…
Energy balance, increased intake, decreased energy expenditure
Portion sizes, appetite vs. hunger, eating out
Driving, labor-saving devices, and less manual labor
Appetite/hunger
What are some things contributed to Am…
Energy balance, increased intake, decreased energy expenditure
Why has our intake of food gone up?
Portion sizes, appetite vs. hunger, eating out
66 terms
Nutrition Energy Balance and Body Weight Reduction
Energy balance
Positive energy balance
Negative energy balance
Body weight
- Energy intake... - Energy expenditure... - Energy stored
you are gaining weight and consuming more calories than you n…
you are loosing weight and consuming less calories than you n…
Calories in one pound of adipose tissue
Energy balance
- Energy intake... - Energy expenditure... - Energy stored
Positive energy balance
you are gaining weight and consuming more calories than you n…
25 terms
Nutrition: Chapter 7 Energy Balance & Weight Control
Basal Metabolism
Factors that influence Basal Metabolism
Physical Activity: Input
Physical Activity: Output
-Minimum energy expended to keep a resting awake body alive;…
-Body surface area (weight and height)... -Lean body mass... -Gende…
1. BMR - 60%-70%... 2. Physical activity - 20%-30%... 3. TEF - 5%-1…
1. CHO... 2. Lipids (fat)... 3. Protein ... 4. Alcohol
Basal Metabolism
-Minimum energy expended to keep a resting awake body alive;…
Factors that influence Basal Metabolism
-Body surface area (weight and height)... -Lean body mass... -Gende…
51 terms
Nutrition - Chapter 7 (Energy Balance and Weight Control)
Energy Balance
Positive Energy Balance
Negative Energy Balance
Bomb Calorimeter
Energy Input = Energy Output
When energy input is greater than energy output... - excess calo…
When energy input is less than energy output... - calorie defici…
How to determine the number of calories in a food ... - measures…
Energy Balance
Energy Input = Energy Output
Positive Energy Balance
When energy input is greater than energy output... - excess calo…
19 terms
human nutrition energy balance and body weight
two risks of being underweight
BMI=
who does BMI not really apply well to
healthy, overweight, and obese BMI
not enough reserves... cant fight wasting diseases like cancer
ratio of weight to height
bodybuilders
healthy BMI= 18.5-24.9... overweight BMI=25-29.9... obese= >30
two risks of being underweight
not enough reserves... cant fight wasting diseases like cancer
BMI=
ratio of weight to height
38 terms
Nutrition I Final: Energy Balance & Weight Management
Energy Equilibrium
Energy in Hunger
Energy in Satiation
Energy in Satiety
-Intake=output... -maintain weight... -positive energy balance... -if…
-regulation of intake... -internal cues... -hunger... -prompts eating
-signals to stop eating
-tells when you are ready to eat again
Energy Equilibrium
-Intake=output... -maintain weight... -positive energy balance... -if…
Energy in Hunger
-regulation of intake... -internal cues... -hunger... -prompts eating
21 terms
Nutrition Final- Energy Balance and Weight Control
Components of body weight
Factors that influence components of b…
Contributions of nature v. nurture in…
Internal factors that influence eating…
Water, lean body mass, skeletal mass, fat mass
Water: sex/ lean body mass/ exercise/ diet... The rest are influ…
sex and genetics (nature): contribute to 40-60% of adult body…
-govern HUNGER and SATIETY... -Nutrient levels (glucose, fat)... -H…
Components of body weight
Water, lean body mass, skeletal mass, fat mass
Factors that influence components of b…
Water: sex/ lean body mass/ exercise/ diet... The rest are influ…
25 terms
Nutrition Exam 2 - Energy Balance and Weight Control
Hunger
Appetite
Satiety
Hypothalamus
physiological drive to find and eat food
psychological drive to eat
the feeling of satisfaction when hunger and appetite are addr…
has both feeding and satiety centers
Hunger
physiological drive to find and eat food
Appetite
psychological drive to eat
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