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Study sets matching "nutrition nursing"

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Study sets matching "nutrition nursing"

116 terms
Nutrition Nursing
Diet as Tolerated (DAT)
Modified Consistency Diets
Therapeutic Diets
Nutritional Supplements
physicians order this diet upon admission or after surgery an…
clear liquids progressed to full liquid, soft, regular, or th…
to prevent or treat disease
can help meet nutrient requirements to patients that don't wa…
Diet as Tolerated (DAT)
physicians order this diet upon admission or after surgery an…
Modified Consistency Diets
clear liquids progressed to full liquid, soft, regular, or th…
104 terms
Nursing Nutrition
Nutrition
What is a Calorie?... 1 gram protein = ... 1…
Calculate ideal body weight for indivi…
Factors that affect energy requirements
The basic component of health, essential for normal growth an…
Unit of measure for energy in food... 4 Calories... 4 Calories... 9 Ca…
Men: 106 + 6 lb for every inch over 60 in... Women: 100 + 5 lb f…
age, body mass, gender, fever, starvation, smoking, menstruat…
Nutrition
The basic component of health, essential for normal growth an…
What is a Calorie?... 1 gram protein = ... 1…
Unit of measure for energy in food... 4 Calories... 4 Calories... 9 Ca…
13 terms
Nursing Nutrition
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Fat soluble- Teeth, bones, soft tissue, mucus membranes, skin
Fat soluble- helps body absorb calcium, helps maintain proper…
Fat soluble- antioxidant known as tocopherol. Formation of RB…
Fat soluble- blood coagulation
Vitamin A
Fat soluble- Teeth, bones, soft tissue, mucus membranes, skin
Vitamin D
Fat soluble- helps body absorb calcium, helps maintain proper…
63 terms
Nursing- Nutrition
What are the kilocalorie values in the…
BMI
1 kg=
1 meter
Carbs- 4, Proteins- 4, Lipids-9, Alcohol, 7
Weight in Kilograms/ Height in meters^2
2.2 lbs
39.37
What are the kilocalorie values in the…
Carbs- 4, Proteins- 4, Lipids-9, Alcohol, 7
BMI
Weight in Kilograms/ Height in meters^2
51 terms
Nursing nutrition
carbohydrates
protein
high fat protein causes risk for?
fats
function- energy... complex- grains... simple- fruit, milk, honey,…
function- tissue growth, fluid balance, energy... meat, poultry,…
heart failure, hypertension, weight gain, kidney stones
function- energy, absorption of fat soluble vitamins, insulat…
carbohydrates
function- energy... complex- grains... simple- fruit, milk, honey,…
protein
function- tissue growth, fluid balance, energy... meat, poultry,…
13 terms
Nursing Nutrition
Nutrition!
Nutritional Guidelines
Energy Requirements
Dietary Guidelines
Food security is critical for all members of a household.... Fo…
Healthy People 2020; Health for All (WHO)... Guidelines for die…
Basal metabolic rate—the energy needed to maintain life-susta…
Dietary reference intakes (DRIs)... Acceptable range of quantit…
Nutrition!
Food security is critical for all members of a household.... Fo…
Nutritional Guidelines
Healthy People 2020; Health for All (WHO)... Guidelines for die…
33 terms
Nutrition nursing
Absorption
Anorexia
Anthropometric
Aspiration
process by which drugs are transferred from the site of entry…
lack or loss of appetite for food
measurements of the body and body parts
misdirection of oropharyngeal secretions or gastric contents…
Absorption
process by which drugs are transferred from the site of entry…
Anorexia
lack or loss of appetite for food
81 terms
Nutrition for Nursing
The elements necessary for body proces…
carbohydrates should be what percentag…
carbohydrates are the main source of f…
each gram of carbohydrates = ___ calor…
- carbohydrates... - proteins... - fat... - vitamins... - minerals... - water
45-65%
the brain, muscles, RBC & WBC production
4 calories
The elements necessary for body proces…
- carbohydrates... - proteins... - fat... - vitamins... - minerals... - water
carbohydrates should be what percentag…
45-65%
76 terms
Nutrition in Nursing
Three components in DRI?
What does nutrition mean?
what are the energy yielding macronutr…
what are the non-energy yielding micro…
vitamins, minerals, and macronutrients -OR- Recommended Daily…
to nourish and encompass the food people eat and how it enric…
carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins
vitamins, minerals, and water
Three components in DRI?
vitamins, minerals, and macronutrients -OR- Recommended Daily…
What does nutrition mean?
to nourish and encompass the food people eat and how it enric…
10 terms
Nutrition -- Nursing
Purpose of nutritional screening
nasogastric tubes
gastrostomy tube
nasointestinal or nasoenteric tubes
Identify patients at risk for malnutrition
Inserted through the nose into the stomach
Surgically interfered into the stomach
Inserted through the nose into the small intestines
Purpose of nutritional screening
Identify patients at risk for malnutrition
nasogastric tubes
Inserted through the nose into the stomach
44 terms
Nutrition for Nursing
What is the main function of carbohydr…
Monosaccharides are known as simple su…
Carbohydrates provides how many calori…
You as a nursing student was educating…
To provide energy for the body.
Glucose & Fructose
4 cal/g
Green beans
What is the main function of carbohydr…
To provide energy for the body.
Monosaccharides are known as simple su…
Glucose & Fructose
15 terms
Nursing nutrition
Fluid (2000mL-___________mL) intake... Th…
Output for urine wanna be around
Intake and output should be balanced... _…
Skin Turgor
2400... oz... 30... 120
1500ml per day
intake, output, 200
Assesses fluid balance... pinch skin, see how it goes back
Fluid (2000mL-___________mL) intake... Th…
2400... oz... 30... 120
Output for urine wanna be around
1500ml per day
20 terms
Nursing Nutrition
Carbohydrates
Fats
Proteins
Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
45-65% of total calories intake
20-30%; <10% saturated
10-35% of total calorie intake
75-90mg
Carbohydrates
45-65% of total calories intake
Fats
20-30%; <10% saturated
19 terms
Nutrition in Nursing
Soft diet
Total parenteral nutrition
Transfat
Parenteral nutrition
Regular diet that has been modified to eliminate foods that a…
Nutritional therapy that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract…
Fat that occurs when manufactures partially hydrogenated liqu…
Nourishment provided via iv therapy
Soft diet
Regular diet that has been modified to eliminate foods that a…
Total parenteral nutrition
Nutritional therapy that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract…
nutrition and nursing
maslow's hierarchy of needs (food and…
key to feeding the mind, body and soul
dietitian
nursing roles with nutrition
same level as air - in basic necessities of life
merge want with need and pleasure with health
diet and food expert
screening patients to determine risk, act as liaison between…
maslow's hierarchy of needs (food and…
same level as air - in basic necessities of life
key to feeding the mind, body and soul
merge want with need and pleasure with health
35 terms
nursing nutrition
glucose
fructose
galactose
sucrose
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy. 80 - 12…
sweetner in fruit, monosac
in milk yogurt and cheese
disac, glucose+fructose, table sugar
glucose
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy. 80 - 12…
fructose
sweetner in fruit, monosac
18 terms
Nursing Nutrition
Carb digestion enzymes
Carb digestion product
Carb metabolism
Carb storage
Salivary amylase... Pancreatic amylase... Disacchirides
Monosacchirides, absorbed by small intestines
Carb to glucose... Maintain blood levels... Pancreas secretes insul…
Glycogen... Fat
Carb digestion enzymes
Salivary amylase... Pancreatic amylase... Disacchirides
Carb digestion product
Monosacchirides, absorbed by small intestines
15 terms
Nutrition: Nursing
Cancer
Cardiovascular Disease
Cholesterol
Diabetes
uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells
Fatty material in the blood vessels (hardening of arteries)
waxy lipid in all body cells. Comes from animals
high blood glucose ... type 1: no release of insulin by pancreas…
Cancer
uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells
Cardiovascular Disease
Fatty material in the blood vessels (hardening of arteries)
21 terms
Nutrition- Nursing
complete protein
incomplete protein
to be well nourished we must eat foods…
6 essential nutrients
are proteins that contain all of the amino acids the body can…
do not contain all the essential amino acids. i.e corn, soybe…
-supply heat and energy... -build and repair body tissue... -regula…
-proteins... -carbs... -fats... -vitamins... -minerals... -water
complete protein
are proteins that contain all of the amino acids the body can…
incomplete protein
do not contain all the essential amino acids. i.e corn, soybe…
20 terms
Nutrition in Nursing
primary
personal needs
lifespan
healthy people 2020
nurses are the __________ interface between the patient and t…
nurses have the opportunity to assess the nutritional status…
nurses can provide valuable nutritional education to a variet…
-provides science based national objectives for improving the…
primary
nurses are the __________ interface between the patient and t…
personal needs
nurses have the opportunity to assess the nutritional status…
88 terms
Nutrition For Nurses
Nutritional Screening what is it used…
Malnutrition
Joint Commission
Nutritional assessment
To identify patients or clients who may be at risk for malnut…
"Bad nutrition" a nutritional imbalance including over-nutrit…
Sets the health care standards, accredits them.
To identify specific risks or to confirm the existence of mal…
Nutritional Screening what is it used…
To identify patients or clients who may be at risk for malnut…
Malnutrition
"Bad nutrition" a nutritional imbalance including over-nutrit…
18 terms
Nutrition in Nursing
Registered Diet Technician (RDT)
Registered Dietitian (RD)
Assessment, Nutritional Diagnosis, Imp…
Assessment
sent when there's no identified nutritional risk (receive sco…
sent when pt scores 1-4 on nutrition screening so a comprehen…
steps of comprehensive nutritional assessment
Anthropometric, Biochemical, Clinical, Dietary data
Registered Diet Technician (RDT)
sent when there's no identified nutritional risk (receive sco…
Registered Dietitian (RD)
sent when pt scores 1-4 on nutrition screening so a comprehen…
47 terms
Nutrition-nursing
Nutrition
Mouth
Saliva
Digestion
Definition: entire process by which the body takes in food fo…
Food is normally taken in the body through the...
What is the first part of digestion?
Definition: breaking down foods into substances used by body…
Nutrition
Definition: entire process by which the body takes in food fo…
Mouth
Food is normally taken in the body through the...
351 terms
Nursing Exam : Nutrition
____ is the merging and balancing of f…
5 dimensions of health
____ is the study of essential nutrien…
determinants of health (5)
health
physical, intellectual, emotional, social, and spiritual.
nutrition
physical environment ... social environment... individual behavior…
____ is the merging and balancing of f…
health
5 dimensions of health
physical, intellectual, emotional, social, and spiritual.
23 terms
Nutrition in Nursing
Step of the nursing process
Other healthcare professionals involve…
Questions for when assessing a client'…
How do medications affect nutrition?
-Assessment... -Diagnosis... -Planning... -Implementation... -Evaluation
-physicians... -dietitian... -dietary techs
-What medications/herbals/OTC do you take?... -Any food allergie…
-appetite... -taste... -GI motility... -absorption effects... -mineral im…
Step of the nursing process
-Assessment... -Diagnosis... -Planning... -Implementation... -Evaluation
Other healthcare professionals involve…
-physicians... -dietitian... -dietary techs
35 terms
nutrition in nursing
nursing process
two levels of focus (assessment)
subjective data
intake reports consists of
-assesment... -nursing diagnosis... -planning... -implementation... -eval…
-nutrients consumed (can compare to DRIs)... -body's use of nutr…
-intake reports
-24 hr recall... -Usual food intake... -Food record... -Food frequency…
nursing process
-assesment... -nursing diagnosis... -planning... -implementation... -eval…
two levels of focus (assessment)
-nutrients consumed (can compare to DRIs)... -body's use of nutr…
Nutrition in Nursing
1. Nurses are in an ideal position to:…
2. How much weight would a 200-pound a…
3. Which of the following criteria wou…
4. Which of the following statements i…
a. Screen patients for risk of malnutrition
d. More than 10 pounds
b. Weight change
b. "Physical signs of malnutrition are suggestive, not defini…
1. Nurses are in an ideal position to:…
a. Screen patients for risk of malnutrition
2. How much weight would a 200-pound a…
d. More than 10 pounds
18 terms
Nutrition in Nursing
What is the nursing process?
Intake reports: 24 hr recall, usual fo…
Clinical examintion, Biochemical analy…
Eyes, mucous membranes, skin,hair, tee…
assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, evaluation
Assesement of subjective data
Assessment of Objective data
Chemical examination of assessment
What is the nursing process?
assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, evaluation
Intake reports: 24 hr recall, usual fo…
Assesement of subjective data
39 terms
Nutrition for Nursing
What is the main function of carbohydr…
Monosaccharides are known as simple su…
Carbohydrates provides how many calori…
You as a nursing student was educating…
To provide energy for the body.
Glucose & Fructose
4 cal/g
Spinach
What is the main function of carbohydr…
To provide energy for the body.
Monosaccharides are known as simple su…
Glucose & Fructose
175 terms
Nutrition Nursing Exam
What are nutrients effect on the body…
What do nutrients provide?
Nutrients are changed and used in the…
If energy = calorie intake?
normal body function and numerous body processes
energy, structure, and regulates body processes
Metabolism
Weight stays the same
What are nutrients effect on the body…
normal body function and numerous body processes
What do nutrients provide?
energy, structure, and regulates body processes
56 terms
Nutrition Nursing Exam 2
Government agencies
Guides
Evidence Based Practice -EBP
Function of nutrients
issues food guides to help Americans meet their nutritional n…
for the past 100 yrs food guides have been issued to American…
using current research and published findings to make appropr…
the specific chemical compounds and elements in food that the…
Government agencies
issues food guides to help Americans meet their nutritional n…
Guides
for the past 100 yrs food guides have been issued to American…
Nursing Fundamentals Nutrition ATI
Essential nutrients
Components of nutritive sources
What is the most basic of nutrients
Energy-yielding nutrients
Those the body cannot manufacture but the absence of can caus…
Carbohydrates and fiber, protein, lipids (fats), vitamins, mi…
Water
Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins
Essential nutrients
Those the body cannot manufacture but the absence of can caus…
Components of nutritive sources
Carbohydrates and fiber, protein, lipids (fats), vitamins, mi…
25 terms
Chapter 01 - Nutrition in Nursing
The nurse is doing admission assessmen…
While doing admission assessments, the…
The nurse is caring for a client for w…
When doing a diet screening on a clien…
B
C
B
C
The nurse is doing admission assessmen…
B
While doing admission assessments, the…
C
41 terms
Nutrition Nursing test 4
diet hx- nutritional assessment
physical- nutritional assessment
screening older adults
MNA normal
food preferences, attitudes/ beliefs cultural/rituals
general, weight, posture, muscles, hair/nails, lips/mouth, gl…
Mini nutritional assessment (MNA)
12-14 points
diet hx- nutritional assessment
food preferences, attitudes/ beliefs cultural/rituals
physical- nutritional assessment
general, weight, posture, muscles, hair/nails, lips/mouth, gl…
14 terms
Nutrition for Nurses
The study of what we eat ... encompasses…
Exemplars
How we choose what to eat
Macronutrients
1. Biology ... 2. Chemistry ... 3. Physiology
-Sample of best practices/evidence based nursing. ... -Examples…
-Personal preference ... -Familiarity ... -Social reasons... -Values a…
-Proteins ... -Carbs ... -Fat
The study of what we eat ... encompasses…
1. Biology ... 2. Chemistry ... 3. Physiology
Exemplars
-Sample of best practices/evidence based nursing. ... -Examples…
94 terms
basic nursing nutrition
Essential Nutrients
Carbohydrates
Fats
Proteins
those that our bodies cannot make in amounts necessary for go…
to provide energy
most concentrated source of energy
makes up the bulk of the body's lean tissues and organs
Essential Nutrients
those that our bodies cannot make in amounts necessary for go…
Carbohydrates
to provide energy
28 terms
Nursing fundamentals - nutrition
Calcium and phosphorous
Sodium and chloride
Potassium and magnesium
Sulfur
Function: work together to build strong bones and teeth.... Rel…
Function; work together to balance water... Related conditions;…
Function; work together to move muscles... Related conditions:…
Function; works alone to create strong skin, hair, nails.... Re…
Calcium and phosphorous
Function: work together to build strong bones and teeth.... Rel…
Sodium and chloride
Function; work together to balance water... Related conditions;…
11 terms
Veterinary Nursing nutrition facts
3 essential fatty acids
What clinical signs would be seen in a…
Digestible Energy (DE)
Net Energy (NE)
- linoleic acid... - linolenic acid... - arachidonic acid
-Feline retinal degeneration... - dilated cardiomyopathy... -reprod…
The amount of energy available to be digested and absorbed by…
The amount of energy left after some has been converted to he…
3 essential fatty acids
- linoleic acid... - linolenic acid... - arachidonic acid
What clinical signs would be seen in a…
-Feline retinal degeneration... - dilated cardiomyopathy... -reprod…
14 terms
Chapter 1 Nutrition in Nursing
Nutrition Screening
Nutritional Assessment
Nutritional Assessment
Anthropometric data
A quick look at a few variables to judge a client's relative…
An in-depth analysis of a person's nutritional status. In the…
Also called the nutritional care process. Includes 4 steps: a…
The A in ABCD. Physical measurements of the body. Height, Wei…
Nutrition Screening
A quick look at a few variables to judge a client's relative…
Nutritional Assessment
An in-depth analysis of a person's nutritional status. In the…
88 terms
Trident Nursing Nutrition
Define nutrients
Which 3 nutrients provide energy?
Carbs, protein and fat are referred to…
What 3 nutrients do not provide energy…
Biochemical substances obtained from ingested food
Carbohydrates, protein and fat
macro
Water, vitamins and minerals
Define nutrients
Biochemical substances obtained from ingested food
Which 3 nutrients provide energy?
Carbohydrates, protein and fat
83 terms
Nursing 310 Activity & Nutrition
movement
body mechanics
balance
flexion
Changing the position or location of the entire body
The observation of body postures in relation to safe and effi…
joint mobility is best at wide base
Act of bending a joint
movement
Changing the position or location of the entire body
body mechanics
The observation of body postures in relation to safe and effi…
25 terms
"Chapter 01 - Nutrition in Nursing"
The nurse is doing admission assessmen…
While doing admission assessments, the…
The nurse is caring for a client for w…
When doing a diet screening on a clien…
B
C
B
C
The nurse is doing admission assessmen…
B
While doing admission assessments, the…
C
72 terms
Fundamentals of Nursing (Nutrition)
Nutrition
Good nutrition
Poor nutrition
Basal Metabolic Rate
study of food, how it affets the body and how it influence he…
is essential to health
contribute to disease
the energy needed to maintain life-sustaining activites for a…
Nutrition
study of food, how it affets the body and how it influence he…
Good nutrition
is essential to health
97 terms
Nursing 1: Kozier Erb Nutrition
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Carbs
Monosacchrides
Water, Carbs, Protein, Fats, Minerals, Vitamins required in L…
Vitamins, minerals in SMALL amounts
Monosacchrides (simple-one molecule) , Disacchrides (simple,…
Glucose (most abundant), fructose (fruit sugar), galactose (m…
Macronutrients
Water, Carbs, Protein, Fats, Minerals, Vitamins required in L…
Micronutrients
Vitamins, minerals in SMALL amounts
67 terms
Nutrition Chapter 1: Nutrition in Nursing
Nutrition
Body's process involving food (GI syst…
Health promotion
Art & Science of nutrition to promote…
science concerned with food and it's relationship to health a…
-ingestion ... -absorption ... -transport... -use "metabolism" ... -excre…
focus of healthcare is on prevention
-assess current nutritional status & needs... -plan food consump…
Nutrition
science concerned with food and it's relationship to health a…
Body's process involving food (GI syst…
-ingestion ... -absorption ... -transport... -use "metabolism" ... -excre…
51 terms
JSCC Nursing Nutrition
A plasma protein formed primarily in t…
Any of a class of particular organic c…
The constructive phase of metabolism,…
An eating disorder characterized by a…
albumin
Amino acid
Anabolism
Anorexia nervosa
A plasma protein formed primarily in t…
albumin
Any of a class of particular organic c…
Amino acid
161 terms
Nursing 1 - Nutrition
Nutrients
Eggs
High Nutrient Density
Low Nutrient Dense Foods
elements essential for structure and regulating body processe…
The most nearly perfect food, no fiber
Large amount of nutrients per amount of calories... Ex: fish, le…
No calories - Peeled cucumbers, iceburg lettuce
Nutrients
elements essential for structure and regulating body processe…
Eggs
The most nearly perfect food, no fiber
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