Study sets matching "nutrition obesity"

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Study sets matching "nutrition obesity"

16 terms
Obesity- Nutrition
Overweight
Obese
Obesity
Set Point
Related to excessive body weight, not necessarily body fat. B…
Assumed to be related to an excess of body fat... BMI >30
People eat more than they expend... Genetic and Environmental fa…
body maintains normal weight with internal processes, could b…
Overweight
Related to excessive body weight, not necessarily body fat. B…
Obese
Assumed to be related to an excess of body fat... BMI >30
44 terms
Nutrition: Obesity
Initial weight loss goal
No matter what diet you are on, you st…
Balanced low-calorie diet
Portion-controlled diets
lose 5-7% of body weight to reduce risk factors for CVD, such…
Exercise
1,000-1,500 kcal/day... No alcohol, sugary drinks, limit sweets…
1,000-1,500 kcal/day... Individually packaged foods => calorie-c…
Initial weight loss goal
lose 5-7% of body weight to reduce risk factors for CVD, such…
No matter what diet you are on, you st…
Exercise
Nutrition:Obesity
What are the two things that have led…
What are the BMI categories for overwe…
A moderate weight loss of how many pou…
What is central obesity?
1) increase in energy dense food... 2) more sedentary lifestyle
Above 25 is overweight, and above 30 is obese
around 5 lb
Obesity around the abdomen and has even higher health risks
What are the two things that have led…
1) increase in energy dense food... 2) more sedentary lifestyle
What are the BMI categories for overwe…
Above 25 is overweight, and above 30 is obese
51 terms
Obesity and Nutrition
Factors Affecting Obesity
Diseases Affecting Obesity
Adaptive Obesity Theory
Maladaptive Obesity Theory
- Decreased physical activity... - Increased portion size... - Incr…
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome... - Hypothyroidism... - Cushing's Sy…
- Fat allowed famine survival... - Thrifty genes
- Brown Adipose Tissue was useful to burn calories and gain h…
Factors Affecting Obesity
- Decreased physical activity... - Increased portion size... - Incr…
Diseases Affecting Obesity
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome... - Hypothyroidism... - Cushing's Sy…
33 terms
Nutrition and Obesity
Marasmus
Marasmus
Kwashiorkor
Kwashiorkor
A pediatric patient present with growth retardation and loss…
With this disease the visceral (within organs) is marginally…
occurs when protein deprivation is relatively more severe tha…
Pateint present with hypoalbuminemia ... This gives rise to gen…
Marasmus
A pediatric patient present with growth retardation and loss…
Marasmus
With this disease the visceral (within organs) is marginally…
98 terms
Nutrition Obesity
Cardiovascular Conditions More Prevale…
Musculoskeletal Conditions More Preval…
Skin Conditions More Prevalent in Obes…
Pulmonary Conditions More Prevalent in…
HTN, LVH, HF, CAD, MI, stroke, AFib, cerebral vascular accide…
Degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis, low back pain/str…
Acanthosis nigricans, stretch marks, skin tags, hirsutism, ce…
Sleep apnea, pulm HTN, COPD
Cardiovascular Conditions More Prevale…
HTN, LVH, HF, CAD, MI, stroke, AFib, cerebral vascular accide…
Musculoskeletal Conditions More Preval…
Degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis, low back pain/str…
13 terms
Nutrition- obesity
35.7%- 1/3rd
Heart disease... Stroke... Type 2 diabetes a…
Likelihood of obesity
Obesity
What percent of adults are obese
Obesity related conditions
Those with higher incomes are more likely... Higher income women…
BMI of 30 or higher
35.7%- 1/3rd
What percent of adults are obese
Heart disease... Stroke... Type 2 diabetes a…
Obesity related conditions
23 terms
Nutrition: Obesity
Obesity-Related Disorders
Normal BMI
Overweight BMI
Obese BMI
CVD, HTN, DM, gallbladder dz, nonalcoholic fatty liver dz, sl…
18.5-24.9 kg/m2
24-29.9 kg/m2
>30 kg/m2... (remember that body fat percentage should also be…
Obesity-Related Disorders
CVD, HTN, DM, gallbladder dz, nonalcoholic fatty liver dz, sl…
Normal BMI
18.5-24.9 kg/m2
nutrition, obesity
one-third
obesity-related conditions
obesity
body mass index (BMI)
more than ______ of US adults are obese
heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, certain types of cancer
Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or higher
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her heig…
one-third
more than ______ of US adults are obese
obesity-related conditions
heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, certain types of cancer
Nutrition: Obesity
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Lipoprotein Lipase LPL
RMR
Increase cell size
Increase cell mumber
promotes fat storage in adipose tissue, and fat uptake by mus…
90% gain weight back... -RMR&thyroid levels increase w/ calorie…
Hypertrophy
Increase cell size
Hyperplasia
Increase cell mumber
Nutrition obesity
Chain breaking
Stimulus control
Contingency management
Cognitive restructuring
Breaking link between 2 or more behaviors
Out of sight out of mind
Forming a plan of action/advance prepaparation to respond to…
Changing negative, self-defeating, or pessimistic thoughts in…
Chain breaking
Breaking link between 2 or more behaviors
Stimulus control
Out of sight out of mind
32 terms
nutrition obesity
BMI eqn
obese waist size for men and women
metabolic syndrome
3 noted causes of obesity
weight/height^2 (x 703 if using inches and lbs)
>40 for men, >35 for women
having 3 of these symptoms:... excessive waist size, increased f…
genetics, formula feeding correlation (not causation), increa…
BMI eqn
weight/height^2 (x 703 if using inches and lbs)
obese waist size for men and women
>40 for men, >35 for women
nutrition-obesity
caused by a deficiency of protein in t…
kwashiorkor is typically seen in
caused by combined protein and energy…
can be overweight... abrupt onset ... low al…
kwashiorkor
weaning infants
marasmus
kwashiorkor
caused by a deficiency of protein in t…
kwashiorkor
kwashiorkor is typically seen in
weaning infants
Obesity Nutrition
Obesity
Cutoff for overweight
Cutoff for obese
Two-Compartment Model of Body Composit…
Excess body fat relative to weight
BMI 25
BMI 30
Calculate body density based on knowledge of water, protein,…
Obesity
Excess body fat relative to weight
Cutoff for overweight
BMI 25
Nutrition and Obesity
Significant weight loss
Signs of malnutrition
Labs for malnutrition
Protein malnutrion
- 5% one month... - 7.5% 3 months... - 10% 6 months... Severe= greate…
- Temporal waisting, poor wound healing, poor muscle mass, pr…
1. Albumin... 2. Transferrin... 3. Transthyretin
Vitamin A... Zinc... Magnesium
Significant weight loss
- 5% one month... - 7.5% 3 months... - 10% 6 months... Severe= greate…
Signs of malnutrition
- Temporal waisting, poor wound healing, poor muscle mass, pr…
79 terms
Nutrition and Obesity
conditions that are more prevalent in…
primary etiology of obesity
secondary causes of obesity
medications that cause weight gain
cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, skin, pumonary,gastrointesti…
environment, genetics, physiology
hypothyroidism, cushing's syndrome, insulinoma, hypothalmic d…
antipsychotics, antidepressants, hormones, diabetes meds, ant…
conditions that are more prevalent in…
cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, skin, pumonary,gastrointesti…
primary etiology of obesity
environment, genetics, physiology
Nutrition and Obesity
Waist Circumference Goals
Classification of Weight and Associate…
Classification of Weight and Associate…
Classification of Weight and Associate…
</= 40 (102 cm) in men... </= 35 in (88 cm) in women
BMI < 18.5 kg/m2
BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2
BMI 25-29.9 kg/m2... Disease Risk > 40,35 in: Increased
Waist Circumference Goals
</= 40 (102 cm) in men... </= 35 in (88 cm) in women
Classification of Weight and Associate…
BMI < 18.5 kg/m2
Obesity and nutrition
Il faut tout d'abord suivre in régime…
Prendre 3-4 repas par jour pour rythme…
Pas toujours facile a l'adolescence d'…
Il permit de reprendre des forces aprè…
You must follow a balanced diet
Have 3-4 meals a day for rhythming your day and to avoid snac…
Not always easy for an adolescent to opt for a balanced nutri…
It allows you to regain your strength back after s night with…
Il faut tout d'abord suivre in régime…
You must follow a balanced diet
Prendre 3-4 repas par jour pour rythme…
Have 3-4 meals a day for rhythming your day and to avoid snac…
59 terms
Nutrition - obesity
What is the Most common form of malnut…
What is obesity in BW?
Why is it difficult to tell owners the…
What are some effects of obesity?
Obesity
15 %-20% of normal
Owners are often surprised to hear that their animals are ove…
cardiovascular system, joint and locomotor problems, heat int…
What is the Most common form of malnut…
Obesity
What is obesity in BW?
15 %-20% of normal
Nutrition Obesity
identify assessment techniques for obe…
what is an appropriate initial weight…
what would be a decreased calorie goal…
what would be a decreased calorie goal…
bmi, waist circumference, appearance, weight history, health…
1-2 (pounds per week: 5-10% total weight loss)
300-500 (cut per day)
500-1000 (cut per day)
identify assessment techniques for obe…
bmi, waist circumference, appearance, weight history, health…
what is an appropriate initial weight…
1-2 (pounds per week: 5-10% total weight loss)
59 terms
nutrition and obesity
kwashiorkor
marasmus
kwashiorkor can occur even in
kwashiorkor can be
deficiency of protein in presence of adequate energy... - typic…
caused by combined protein and energy deficiency... - commonly…
overweight
abrupt onset... - low albumin leading to edema
kwashiorkor
deficiency of protein in presence of adequate energy... - typic…
marasmus
caused by combined protein and energy deficiency... - commonly…
Nutrition and Obesity
Etiologies
Obesity class I
obesity class II
Obesity class III
Primary: environmental, genetic, physiology of satiety... Second…
BMI 30-34.9
BMI 35-39.9
BMI >=40
Etiologies
Primary: environmental, genetic, physiology of satiety... Second…
Obesity class I
BMI 30-34.9
Obesity and Nutrition
The body mass index is based on which…
Which of the following nutrients does…
Saturated fats should comprise no more…
Healthy eating helps reduce one's risk…
height and weight
Vitamins
10
True
The body mass index is based on which…
height and weight
Which of the following nutrients does…
Vitamins
22 terms
Nutrition and Obesity
Body fat ranges
BMI (Body Mass Index)
WHR (Waist to Hip Ratio)
Waist Circumference
For men, the normal range is 12-24% and for women, the normal…
Is an indicator for health. Is defined as body weight divided…
Is the ratio of the waist circumference to the hip circumfere…
Is another measure of health. For men, >40 in and for women,…
Body fat ranges
For men, the normal range is 12-24% and for women, the normal…
BMI (Body Mass Index)
Is an indicator for health. Is defined as body weight divided…
Nutrition and obesity
Process of mechanical and chemical bre…
mechanical breakdown of food includes;
chemical breakdown of food involves;
damage to the pancreas, as found with…
digestion
chewing and peristalic action
digestive enzymes
fat malabsorption and impaired absorption of fat-soluble vita…
Process of mechanical and chemical bre…
digestion
mechanical breakdown of food includes;
chewing and peristalic action
Nutrition and Obesity
What is normal body fat percentage for…
What body fat is considered obese
How do you calculate BMI
WHat BMI is considered overweight
male: 12-24% Female: 20-32%
male >25% female > 33%
body wt (kg)/height (m)^2 or ... body wt (lbs) *703/ height (inc…
>25
What is normal body fat percentage for…
male: 12-24% Female: 20-32%
What body fat is considered obese
male >25% female > 33%
27 terms
Nutrition and Obesity
If the women is having nutritional iss…
Do PCP always talk about weight ?
What is weight gain in pregangcy based…
How much should a women gain in 1st 2n…
Issues of attachment to the baby- physiologically, psycologic…
No, they want a happy consumer
BMI, Twin pregnancy, age (teens need more), activity level (l…
1st: 2-4 lbs, larger weight gain is improper nutrition or str…
If the women is having nutritional iss…
Issues of attachment to the baby- physiologically, psycologic…
Do PCP always talk about weight ?
No, they want a happy consumer
29 terms
Nutrition: Obesity
BMI
Waist Circumference
Risk Status
Risk Factors and Opportunities for Pre…
BMI = (wt in kg) / (ht in m^2)... BMI = [ (wt in lb) / (ht in in…
Upper body obesity:... > 35 inches for women... > 40 inches for men…
Evaluation of patient for presence of:... - established CHD, ath…
Gestational diabetes mellitus... Birth weight... Breast feeding
BMI
BMI = (wt in kg) / (ht in m^2)... BMI = [ (wt in lb) / (ht in in…
Waist Circumference
Upper body obesity:... > 35 inches for women... > 40 inches for men…
235 terms
Nutrition & Obesity
when
10-14
5-7
3-5
The decision of __________ to feed is based upon: (1) the pat…
Previously well nourished adult who cannot eat but who has mi…
Previously undernourished adults with minimal medical illness…
Previously undernourished adults with serious medical illness…
when
The decision of __________ to feed is based upon: (1) the pat…
10-14
Previously well nourished adult who cannot eat but who has mi…
20 terms
Obesity and Nutrition
Obesity
Overweight dogs and cats can be divide…
The best way to determine an animal's…
An increase in the prevalence of some…
is the accumulation of an excessive quantity of body fat.
1. Above optimum: 1-9% above optimal.... 2. Overweight: 10-19% a…
recorded mature adult weight when the animal was assessed wit…
• Orthopedic disorders, both traumatic and degenerative.... • Ca…
Obesity
is the accumulation of an excessive quantity of body fat.
Overweight dogs and cats can be divide…
1. Above optimum: 1-9% above optimal.... 2. Overweight: 10-19% a…
154 terms
Nutrition and Obesity
nutrition
the body's response to illness is
Calories equal
the body needs ___ calories during ill…
the science of optimal cellular metabolism and its impact on…
energy-consuming
energy
more
nutrition
the science of optimal cellular metabolism and its impact on…
the body's response to illness is
energy-consuming
102 terms
Nutrition and Obesity
Etiology
Antipsychotic drugs that increase weight
Antidepressant drugs that increase wei…
Hormone drugs that increase weight
Primary causes:environmental, genetic, physiology of satiety…
typicals (haloperiodol, chlorpromazine), atypicals (olanzapin…
tricyclic antidepressants (amitriptyline), mirtazapine
corticosteroids (prednisone), medroxyprogesterone
Etiology
Primary causes:environmental, genetic, physiology of satiety…
Antipsychotic drugs that increase weight
typicals (haloperiodol, chlorpromazine), atypicals (olanzapin…
Nutrition and obesity
youth
nutrition
macro nutrients
micro nutrients
the period between childhood and adult age.
Nutrition is vital for everyday life. The process of eating t…
The foods in our diet which are meant to make up the majority…
Micro nutrients are found in macro nutrients (e.g vitamins an…
youth
the period between childhood and adult age.
nutrition
Nutrition is vital for everyday life. The process of eating t…
21 terms
Nutrition: Obesity
Why should we treat obesity?
What are different types of treatment?
What is the formula for weight loss?
What is the issue with lifestyle modif…
• Extend life... • Improve quality of life... • Reduce chronic dise…
1. Lifestyle Modification... 2. Pharmacologic... 3. Surgical
• A decrease in calorie intake is the MOST important componen…
• Fairly easily achieved over the short-term... o < 6 months... • L…
Why should we treat obesity?
• Extend life... • Improve quality of life... • Reduce chronic dise…
What are different types of treatment?
1. Lifestyle Modification... 2. Pharmacologic... 3. Surgical
Nutrition and Obesity
what are the cardiovascular conditions…
what are the musculoskeletal condition…
what are the skin conditions that are…
Pulmonary conditions that are more pre…
HTN, LVH, HF, CAD, MI, Stroke, A.fib, cerebral vascular accid…
Degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis, low back pain/bac…
acanthosis nigricans, stretch marks, skin tags, hirsutism, ce…
obstructive sleep apnea, pulmonary hypertension, COPD
what are the cardiovascular conditions…
HTN, LVH, HF, CAD, MI, Stroke, A.fib, cerebral vascular accid…
what are the musculoskeletal condition…
Degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis, low back pain/bac…
39 terms
Nutrition and Obesity
Food breakdown
The quality and quantity of diet will…
LIMIT SATURATED FATS AND TRANS FATTY A…
Age-associated changes
begins in mouth : saliva is secreted in response to presence…
about 87% of older adults have DM, HTN, Hyperlipidemia, Metab…
older adults generally need fewer calories... important to incr…
taste & smell... digestive system slows... saliva reduced - dry mou…
Food breakdown
begins in mouth : saliva is secreted in response to presence…
The quality and quantity of diet will…
about 87% of older adults have DM, HTN, Hyperlipidemia, Metab…
26 terms
Nutrition and Obesity
cofactor in >100 enzymes, including al…
Common in chronic EtOH use - poor nutr…
Mn impt for normal brain function... Seen…
Pellagra - weakness, alopecia, photose…
Zinc Deficiency
Thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency
Manganese toxicity
Niacin deficiency
cofactor in >100 enzymes, including al…
Zinc Deficiency
Common in chronic EtOH use - poor nutr…
Thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency
Nutrition-Obesity
Resting metabolic rate for women in kcal
Resting metabolic rate for men in kcal
Acceptable macronutrient distribution…
Fats most potent in increasing cholest…
1300
1800
Fats-20-35%... Carbs 45-65%... Protein 10-35%
Carbon chain length 14 myristic ... Carbon chain length 16 palmi…
Resting metabolic rate for women in kcal
1300
Resting metabolic rate for men in kcal
1800
75 terms
Obesity and Nutrition
What is obesity?
Adult vs. childhood obesity thresholds
BMI is measured in..
Normal BMI
chronic condition characterized by excess body fat
-Adults: BMI >30... -Children: >95th percentile on BMI growth ch…
weight (kg)/height (m^2)
18.5-24.9 kg/m^2
What is obesity?
chronic condition characterized by excess body fat
Adult vs. childhood obesity thresholds
-Adults: BMI >30... -Children: >95th percentile on BMI growth ch…
Obesity and Nutrition
What is obesity?
What defines adult obesity?
What defines childhood obesity?
What is the BMI classification for nor…
Chronic condition characterized by excess body fat
BMI greater than or equal to 30
Greater the 95% on BMI growth chart... Greater than or equal to…
18-5-24.9
What is obesity?
Chronic condition characterized by excess body fat
What defines adult obesity?
BMI greater than or equal to 30
Obesity and Nutrition
What is adult obesity considered as?
What are the BMI classifications?
What is the metric equation for BMI?
What are the limitations of BMI?
BMI greater than 30.
Underweight: <18.5... Healthy weight (Normal): 18.5-24.9... Overwei…
kg/m^2.
Measure of excess body weight, not body fat.... Does not take in…
What is adult obesity considered as?
BMI greater than 30.
What are the BMI classifications?
Underweight: <18.5... Healthy weight (Normal): 18.5-24.9... Overwei…
nutrition and obesity
what are the CI for phentermine?
what are ae of phentermine?
what are drug interactions for phenter…
What are monitoring parameters for eff…
HAG, hyperthyroidism, uncontrolled htn, adv diseases, anxiety…
cns, cvs, gi
MAOI, TCA, SSRI (all are pharmacodynamic)
weight (at least weakly by patient) and at each visit and wai…
what are the CI for phentermine?
HAG, hyperthyroidism, uncontrolled htn, adv diseases, anxiety…
what are ae of phentermine?
cns, cvs, gi
32 terms
Nutrition and Wellness: Obesity Unit
How is obesity measured?
What has the main impact on obesity?
Factors that impact obesity
health problems
BMI, body weight, body fat
consumption of more calories than you burn, eating too much a…
age, gender, genetics, environmental factors, physical activi…
cardiovascular diseases, endocrine diseases, gastrointestinal…
How is obesity measured?
BMI, body weight, body fat
What has the main impact on obesity?
consumption of more calories than you burn, eating too much a…
36 terms
childhood obesity, Nutrition and feeding
obesity is defined as
WHO definitions for Obesity
food contains
1 gram carb, protein, fat = ? kcal
obesity is defined as having excess body fat
BMI: weight/height ... underweight: <18.5... healthy weight: 18.5-2…
carbs, protein, lipids
1 gram carbohydrate=4 kcal... 1 gram protein =4 k cal... 1 gram f…
obesity is defined as
obesity is defined as having excess body fat
WHO definitions for Obesity
BMI: weight/height ... underweight: <18.5... healthy weight: 18.5-2…
nutrition: obesity (lecture 15?)
childhood obesity
obesity by states
obesity-ethnic factors
at risk ethnic factors
3/4 obese children become obese adults... 1/10 normal-->obese ad…
no state less than 20%
the prima indians are most at risk in Arizona as opposed to m…
black most at risk>latino>white
childhood obesity
3/4 obese children become obese adults... 1/10 normal-->obese ad…
obesity by states
no state less than 20%
Nutrition Chap 7 Obesity
Overweight
Obesity
Percent of overweight adults
Energy Balance
Being too heavy for one's height. Defined as a BMI of 25-29.9…
Condition characterized by excess body fat. Defined as a BMI…
60% in canada in 2004
Amount of energy consumed in the diet compared with the amoun…
Overweight
Being too heavy for one's height. Defined as a BMI of 25-29.9…
Obesity
Condition characterized by excess body fat. Defined as a BMI…
118 terms
Nutrition Final: Part I (Obesity)
what is the most common eating disorde…
Highest rate of obesity:... Geography
Diseases associated with obesity
Negative effects of obesity
obesity
Geography --> south... Ethnicity --> mexican americans, his…
HTN ... CVD ... Gall bladder disease... Intestinal disorders... Diabetes…
Cancer ... DVT ... Heart attacks ... Depression... Lower life expectancy…
what is the most common eating disorde…
obesity
Highest rate of obesity:... Geography
Geography --> south... Ethnicity --> mexican americans, his…
63 terms
Nutrition: Obesity and Nutrition
BMI
apple shape
pear shape
what do adipose cells secrete?
weight/height
• Visceral (abdominal) fat... • Higher risk of weight related he…
• Subcutaneous (under the skin) fat... • Lower risk of weight re…
adipocytes
BMI
weight/height
apple shape
• Visceral (abdominal) fat... • Higher risk of weight related he…
61 terms
Clinical Nutrition and Obesity
Dietary Reference Intakes
Estimated average requirement
Recommended dietary allowance
Adequate Intake
Estimates of required nutrients to maintain optimal health an…
the average daily nutrient intake level estimated to meet the…
Set at two SDs above the EAR... -The average daily dietary inta…
(Our best guesses)... Set instead of an RDA if sufficient eviden…
Dietary Reference Intakes
Estimates of required nutrients to maintain optimal health an…
Estimated average requirement
the average daily nutrient intake level estimated to meet the…
36 terms
Nutrition Final Exam: Obesity
How many dogs and cats are overweight-…
Why might obesity happen during the gr…
Why might obesity happen during the ad…
Bottom line: Why are America's pets fat?
53% of dogs, 58% of cats;... 44 million pet dogs;... 55 million pe…
1) free choice feeding;... 2) excess calorie intake;... 3) no diet…
free choice feeding;... excess calorie intake;... decreased activit…
it's due to feeding flaws ;... so it's the problem of the pet pe…
How many dogs and cats are overweight-…
53% of dogs, 58% of cats;... 44 million pet dogs;... 55 million pe…
Why might obesity happen during the gr…
1) free choice feeding;... 2) excess calorie intake;... 3) no diet…
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