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Study sets matching "nutrition science metabolism"

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Study sets matching "nutrition science metabolism"

113 terms
Science of Nutrition- Metabolism
(#20) What are the energy producing nu…
(#20) How are AA converted to glucose?
(#20) How can glucose be converted to…
(#20) How can AA be converted to Fatty…
Carbohydrates, Fat, & Protein
AA->Carb (in liver/kidneys)... Glucogenic AA (through transamina…
Carb -> AA... Glucose ->pyruvate (through glycolysis) /oxaloacet…
AA -> Fat... Ketogenic AA (through transamination)-> Oxaloacetat…
(#20) What are the energy producing nu…
Carbohydrates, Fat, & Protein
(#20) How are AA converted to glucose?
AA->Carb (in liver/kidneys)... Glucogenic AA (through transamina…
14 terms
Science of Nutrition - Digestion & Metabolism
What does epidemiology study?
digestion vs absorption
transit time
how does the GI tract prevent against…
Patterns in a population - observational
digestion - breaking food down so it can be absorbed... absorpti…
amount of time it takes food to pass length of GI tract
phagocytes & lyphocytes (innate immune system), and commensal…
What does epidemiology study?
Patterns in a population - observational
digestion vs absorption
digestion - breaking food down so it can be absorbed... absorpti…
18 terms
Nutrition Science I Protein Metabolism
Catalysts, Messengers, Structural, Imm…
Isomerases
Ligases
Oxidoreductases
Functional Categories of Proteins
Enzymes that transfer atoms in a molecule
join compounds
transfer electrons
Catalysts, Messengers, Structural, Imm…
Functional Categories of Proteins
Isomerases
Enzymes that transfer atoms in a molecule
50 terms
Nutrition & Metabolism
B12
Fat
Calcium
Blood clotting
Vitamin that we get from animal products, dairy, eggs.
Vitamins ADEK are absorbed with what other nutrient?
Vitamin D is needed to absorb what mineral?
Vitamin K is needed for?
B12
Vitamin that we get from animal products, dairy, eggs.
Fat
Vitamins ADEK are absorbed with what other nutrient?
49 terms
Metabolism/Nutrition
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Aerobic Respiration: Glucose
Chemical reactions occurring throughout body
Break down of polymers to monomers; release energy
Build up of monomers to polymers; consume energy
Glucose + O2 -------> CO2 + H20 +32 ATP (O2 present)
Metabolism
Chemical reactions occurring throughout body
Catabolism
Break down of polymers to monomers; release energy
55 terms
Metabolism and Nutrition
Catabolism
catabolism
anabolism
anabolism
type of metabolism; break down molecules into smaller ones
type of metabolism; exothermic
type of metabolism; build up of molecules into bigger ones
type of metabolism; endothermic
Catabolism
type of metabolism; break down molecules into smaller ones
catabolism
type of metabolism; exothermic
86 terms
Nutrition and Metabolism
Nutrients
Adequate Diet
Malnutrition
Nutrition
chemical substances that supply the body with energy for the…
ingesting the right amount of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids…
poor nutrition that results from lack of essential nutrients,…
It involves obtaining nutrients, ingesting nutrients, digesti…
Nutrients
chemical substances that supply the body with energy for the…
Adequate Diet
ingesting the right amount of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids…
20 terms
Metabolism and Nutrition
Catabolism
Anabolism
Oxidation
Reduction
All chemical reactions that break down complex organic molecu…
Chemical reactions that combine simple molecules to form comp…
Loss of electrons from a molecule, this results in a decrease…
Addition of electrons to a molecule and results in an increas…
Catabolism
All chemical reactions that break down complex organic molecu…
Anabolism
Chemical reactions that combine simple molecules to form comp…
38 terms
Nutrition and Metabolism
Cellular Metabolism
Catabolic
Anabolic
Nutrition
Chemical reactions within cells that provide energy.
Breaking down of organic molecules
Synthesis of new organic molecules
The absorption of nutrients from food.
Cellular Metabolism
Chemical reactions within cells that provide energy.
Catabolic
Breaking down of organic molecules
33 terms
Nutrition and Metabolism
TPN - Disadvantages
Muromonab-CD3
TPN - Indications
TPN - Disadvantages
- Infection
Orthoclone T3 = OKT3
any condition where ENTERAL (G tube JG tube) or PO not possib…
- Infection... - Cholecystitis... - Fatty liver/jaundice/bilirubin…
TPN - Disadvantages
- Infection
Muromonab-CD3
Orthoclone T3 = OKT3
61 terms
Nutrition and metabolism
Nutrients
Nutrition
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Are chemical substances supplied by the environment required…
the process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for…
Carbohydrates, proteins, fats
Vitamins, minerals,
Nutrients
Are chemical substances supplied by the environment required…
Nutrition
the process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for…
28 terms
Nutrition- Metabolism
Metabolism
Liver
Anabolic reaction
Catabolic reaction
Meets the body's constant energy supply & adapt to meet indiv…
Most metabolically active. Metabolize, store and distribute n…
Absorb energy to build simple molecules into larger ones. ... Ex…
Release energy and break down large molecules into smaller ones
Metabolism
Meets the body's constant energy supply & adapt to meet indiv…
Liver
Most metabolically active. Metabolize, store and distribute n…
208 terms
Nutrition and metabolism
What is metabolism?
What are the two parts?
What is anabolism?
What is catabolism?
The sum of biochemical process within a living organism.
Anabolism and catabolism
It is the process of synthesis.
It is the process of degradation.
What is metabolism?
The sum of biochemical process within a living organism.
What are the two parts?
Anabolism and catabolism
12 terms
Nutrition and Metabolism in Sport and Exercise Science -Bioenergetics Part 2 -Energy Systems and Exercise
Creatine Phosphate
Anaerobic Glycolysis
Oxidative Phosphorylation
Creatine Phosphate Energy System
An energy storage molecule used by muscle tissue. The phospha…
A runner has depleted all the oxygen available for muscle ene…
Which of the following mechanisms produces the most ATP durin…
Available instantly. Does not require oxygen.ADP levels in ce…
Creatine Phosphate
An energy storage molecule used by muscle tissue. The phospha…
Anaerobic Glycolysis
A runner has depleted all the oxygen available for muscle ene…
125 terms
Nutrition Metabolism
Which of the following describes the s…
In photosynthesis, the plant uses ener…
A typical cell contains "powerhouses,"…
A feature of catabolic reactions is th…
Metabolism
carbohydrates only
mitochondria
involve release of energy
Which of the following describes the s…
Metabolism
In photosynthesis, the plant uses ener…
carbohydrates only
89 terms
metabolism and nutrition
where does glycolysis occur and is it…
where does Kreb's/citric acid cycle oc…
where does electron transport chain oc…
what is the name for the nutrients tha…
cytoplasm, anaerobic
mitochondrial matrix, aerobic
mitochondria - membrane between intermembrane space and matrix
essential nutrients
where does glycolysis occur and is it…
cytoplasm, anaerobic
where does Kreb's/citric acid cycle oc…
mitochondrial matrix, aerobic
55 terms
Nutrition and metabolism
One Calorie
Fats
Carbohydrates and proteins
Empty Calories
Amount of heat required to raise temperature of 1g of water 1.c
Contain about 9 Kcal/g
4 Kcal/g
Sugar and Alchohol
One Calorie
Amount of heat required to raise temperature of 1g of water 1.c
Fats
Contain about 9 Kcal/g
75 terms
Science of Nutrition TECEP 3/5 - Metabolism
Ketone Bodies
Calorie
Carbohydrates
Proteins
These form from fat fragments when insufficient glucose is co…
This is the measure of how much energy is needed or ingested.…
Processing _____________________ requires less energy than pr…
Processing ____________ requires the most energy.
Ketone Bodies
These form from fat fragments when insufficient glucose is co…
Calorie
This is the measure of how much energy is needed or ingested.…
40 terms
Nutrition and metabolism
Nutrients required for
Nutrient
Major nutrients
Metabolism
Build cell structures... Replace "worn out parts"... Synthesize fun…
substance the body uses to maintain health
Carbohydrates *... Lipids *... Proteins *... Vitamins ... Minerals... Water…
Once inside the cell, nutrients undergo thousands of chemical…
Nutrients required for
Build cell structures... Replace "worn out parts"... Synthesize fun…
Nutrient
substance the body uses to maintain health
18 terms
Nutrition and Metabolism
nutrients
minerals
vitamins
fat-soluble vitamins
essential substances (water, vitamins, ions, carbohydrates, l…
inorganic ions released through the dissociation of electroly…
essential organic nutrients related to lipids and carbohydrates
A D E K
nutrients
essential substances (water, vitamins, ions, carbohydrates, l…
minerals
inorganic ions released through the dissociation of electroly…
11 terms
Nutrition - Metabolism
Process... - acetyl CoA... - in mitochondria…
Sum of all the body's chemical reactions
Process... - amino group is cut off and e…
Process... - glucose to pyruvate... - ATP... -…
krebs cycle
metabolism
deamination
glycolysis
Process... - acetyl CoA... - in mitochondria…
krebs cycle
Sum of all the body's chemical reactions
metabolism
8 terms
Metabolism and Nutrition
nutrients
carbohydrates
fats
proteins
the substances that our cells need in order to perform all li…
are sugars that provide the body with energy
are molecules that can store energy and some vitamins
are nutrients made of amino acids used to create and repair c…
nutrients
the substances that our cells need in order to perform all li…
carbohydrates
are sugars that provide the body with energy
Metabolism and Nutrition
Macromolecules
Catabolic hormones
Cortisol
gluconeogenesis
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, and nucleic acids are all exam…
stimulate the breakdown of molecules and the release of energ…
released from the adrenal gland in response to stress and low…
a metabolic pathway that results in glucose formation via the…
Macromolecules
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, and nucleic acids are all exam…
Catabolic hormones
stimulate the breakdown of molecules and the release of energ…
23 terms
Nutrition/Metabolism
plasma membrane
cell organelles... a. lysosomes... b. riboso…
protein synthesis
Role of bile in digestion
selective barrier that determines what moves into and out of…
a. contains digestive enzymes that break up proteins, lipids,…
the process by which amino acids are linearly arranged into p…
Breaks down large lumps of fat into smaller lumps and help to…
plasma membrane
selective barrier that determines what moves into and out of…
cell organelles... a. lysosomes... b. riboso…
a. contains digestive enzymes that break up proteins, lipids,…
196 terms
Nutrition and Metabolism
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrate Sources
polysaccharides
disaccharides
organic compounds and include the sugars and starches... used to…
...
Complex carbohydrates ... starch from plant foods and glycogen…
from milk sugar, cane sugar, beet sugar, and molasses
Carbohydrates
organic compounds and include the sugars and starches... used to…
Carbohydrate Sources
...
82 terms
nutrition and metabolism
Nutrition
Malnutrition is
metabolism
nutrients have to be
the food (nutrients) that we eat and the nutrients they... conta…
a deficiency or imbalance in the consumption of nutrients, vi…
the use the body makes of nutrients... after they have been dige…
assimilated.... Assimilation occurs when nutrient molecules... ente…
Nutrition
the food (nutrients) that we eat and the nutrients they... conta…
Malnutrition is
a deficiency or imbalance in the consumption of nutrients, vi…
82 terms
nutrition and metabolism
Nutrition
Malnutrition is
metabolism
nutrients have to be
the food (nutrients) that we eat and the nutrients they... conta…
a deficiency or imbalance in the consumption of nutrients, vi…
the use the body makes of nutrients... after they have been dige…
assimilated.... Assimilation occurs when nutrient molecules... ente…
Nutrition
the food (nutrients) that we eat and the nutrients they... conta…
Malnutrition is
a deficiency or imbalance in the consumption of nutrients, vi…
9 terms
Nutrition and Metabolism
Vitamins
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
organic nutrients that we eat - mostly in food
"use of nutrients" as energy or making compounds
Chemical reactions that release energy from nutrients
Chemical reactions the build these smaller nutrients into mor…
Vitamins
organic nutrients that we eat - mostly in food
metabolism
"use of nutrients" as energy or making compounds
17 terms
Nutrition and metabolism
Nutrients
Macronutrient
Micronutrient
Essential nutrients
Substance found in food and used by the body to promote norma…
needed in bulk, are Carbohydrate's, Lipids, and proteins
are essential in small daily doses and include vitamins and m…
nutrients that human cells cannot synthesize and that must be…
Nutrients
Substance found in food and used by the body to promote norma…
Macronutrient
needed in bulk, are Carbohydrate's, Lipids, and proteins
49 terms
nutrition and metabolism
metabolism
anabolism
to decrease secretions
atp
the sum of all the biochemical processes in the human body at…
the synthesis of new organic molecules
all of the following are reasons for the synthesis of new org…
the most important product of metabolism is
metabolism
the sum of all the biochemical processes in the human body at…
anabolism
the synthesis of new organic molecules
94 terms
Nutrition/Metabolism
What are major pathways of glucose met…
GLUT-1
GLUT-2
GLUT-3
1) Storage as glycogen... 2) Oxidation via glycolysis into pyruv…
Facilitates diffusion of glucose into RBCs; Km = 1mM; insulin…
Allows transport of glucose into liver as well as pancreatic…
Transport of glucose into brain. Km=1mM. Insulin independent.
What are major pathways of glucose met…
1) Storage as glycogen... 2) Oxidation via glycolysis into pyruv…
GLUT-1
Facilitates diffusion of glucose into RBCs; Km = 1mM; insulin…
35 terms
Nutrition & Metabolism
saturated fats
unsaturated fats
cholesterol
prostaglandins
largely found in animal products, like meat & dairy foods
found in seeds, nuts, & vegetable oils
- not energy source... - stabilizing component of plasma membran…
- role in smooth muscle contraction... - control of blood pressu…
saturated fats
largely found in animal products, like meat & dairy foods
unsaturated fats
found in seeds, nuts, & vegetable oils
27 terms
Nutrition - Metabolism
Metabolism
Energy: ATP
Glucose Regulation
Glucose Utilization
-Metabolism is the sum of all chemical and physical processes…
-Adenosince tri-phosphate... -High energy prophase bonds... -Primar…
-Eat, digest and absorb, glucose enters blood stream, pancrea…
-What do we do with that glucose... -->Store as glycogen ... -Liv…
Metabolism
-Metabolism is the sum of all chemical and physical processes…
Energy: ATP
-Adenosince tri-phosphate... -High energy prophase bonds... -Primar…
46 terms
Metabolism and Nutrition
metabolism
catabolism
Anabolism
ATP
life sustaining chemical reaction within cells of living orga…
-break down of molecules into smaller one;... -exothermic ... -ATP…
putting molecules together into larger ones; ... endothermic ... -o…
common player in catabolic reaction;... nucleotide with 3 parts
metabolism
life sustaining chemical reaction within cells of living orga…
catabolism
-break down of molecules into smaller one;... -exothermic ... -ATP…
63 terms
Nutrition and Metabolism
nutrients
major nutrients
other nutrients
metabolism
a substance in food used by the body to promote normal growth…
carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins
vitamins, minerals, and water
all of the chemical reactions that allow the body to function
nutrients
a substance in food used by the body to promote normal growth…
major nutrients
carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins
92 terms
Nutrition and Metabolism for Exercise Science: UCF Wells
A coenzyme is an organic, non-protein…
General recommendations for fluid repl…
Which of the following CHO supplementa…
Which of the following is consequence…
Water soluble vitamins
1.5L of fluid for each kg & replenishment ASAp
30-60g per hour
Impaired exercise capacity
A coenzyme is an organic, non-protein…
Water soluble vitamins
General recommendations for fluid repl…
1.5L of fluid for each kg & replenishment ASAp
8 terms
Nutrition: Metabolism
Thiamin
Riboflavin
Niacin
Biotin
-Essential for nerve transmission and creating myelin sheaths…
-Precursor to coenzymes: FAD. Needed for Kreb Cycle and Elect…
-Digestive system, skin, and nerves. A precursor to NAD+ for…
-Pyruvate -> Oxaloacetate, Acetyl-CoA -> Malonyl CoA, Breaksd…
Thiamin
-Essential for nerve transmission and creating myelin sheaths…
Riboflavin
-Precursor to coenzymes: FAD. Needed for Kreb Cycle and Elect…
14 terms
Nutrition and Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolize
Anabolism
3 steps in glucose catabolism
use of foods for energy and building blocks
break down
cells making complex molecules from simpler compounds (ex: ma…
Glycoysis (anaerobic), citric acid cycle (aerobic), and elect…
Metabolism
use of foods for energy and building blocks
Catabolize
break down
28 terms
Metabolism & Nutrition
Classes of Nutrients
Metabolism of Macronutrients
Basal Metabolic Rate
Obesity
Macronutrients:... Proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates (All organic)…
Proteins, Polysaccharides and Fats -> Amino acids, Monosaccha…
The minimal rate of energy expenditure per unit time (kCal/da…
A person having an abnormally high and unhealthy proportion o…
Classes of Nutrients
Macronutrients:... Proteins, Fats, Carbohydrates (All organic)…
Metabolism of Macronutrients
Proteins, Polysaccharides and Fats -> Amino acids, Monosaccha…
21 terms
Nutrition: Metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
ATP
cell parts & functions
synthesis/building reactions, makes something bigger
degradation/ breakdowns
released during breakdown of glucose, fatty acids, and amino…
ribosomes - important protein synthesis... golgi tendon - packag…
anabolism
synthesis/building reactions, makes something bigger
catabolism
degradation/ breakdowns
43 terms
Nutrition - Metabolism
ATP
Almost all metabolic reactions are cat…
Thiamin (Vit B1)
Niacin (Vit B3)
provide energy for reactions which need energy input
special protein enzymes
basis for coenzyme thiamin pyrophosphate (TPP)
part of the coenzyme nictoinamid-adrenine dinucleotide (NAD)
ATP
provide energy for reactions which need energy input
Almost all metabolic reactions are cat…
special protein enzymes
26 terms
Metabolism "Nutrition"
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
ATP
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Metabolic pathways that break down molecules, releasing energy.
Metabolic pathways that construct molecules, requiring energy.
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
metabolism
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
catabolism
Metabolic pathways that break down molecules, releasing energy.
78 terms
Nutrition/Metabolism
Most nutritionists think individuals s…
Cells generally require energy in the…
Which of the following is hydrophobic…
Most individuals should get not more t…
carbohydrates
ATP
triglycerides/fat soluble vitamins
lipids
Most nutritionists think individuals s…
carbohydrates
Cells generally require energy in the…
ATP
108 terms
Nutrition & Metabolism
What is the sum of all chemical reacti…
What compound gets ingested and used f…
What are the 3 components of an ATP mo…
What is the universal energy transfer…
Metabolism
Nutrient
1. Adenine... 2. Ribose... 3. Phosphates (3)
ATP
What is the sum of all chemical reacti…
Metabolism
What compound gets ingested and used f…
Nutrient
26 terms
Nutrition- Metabolism
Glucose
1st Law of Thermodynamics
Glucose + Glucose
Glycerol + Fatty Acids
6 carbons
Energy cannot be created or destroyed it just changes forms
Glycogen
Triglycerides
Glucose
6 carbons
1st Law of Thermodynamics
Energy cannot be created or destroyed it just changes forms
Nutrition and Metabolism
Chemical structure of a protein
Chemical structure of a lipid
Chemical structure of a carb
Why is Carbon "special" in the world o…
Because carbon can make four bonds.
Chemical structure of a protein
Chemical structure of a lipid
12 terms
Metabolism & Nutrition
Energy Source
Building blocks
Carbohydrates
Protein
Calories = unit of energy... - varies between body types, physic…
what we're made of - how we are able to repair ourselves... -Mak…
Primary Calorie of people in the US... - 4 Calories/gram... -breads…
Building block for muscles... - 4 Calories/gram... -meats, beans, d…
Energy Source
Calories = unit of energy... - varies between body types, physic…
Building blocks
what we're made of - how we are able to repair ourselves... -Mak…
35 terms
Nutrition: Metabolism
Liver
Liver fcn
Adenosine Tri Phosphate (ATP)
ATP/ADP
Main metabolic organ
-Stores energy molecules... (Combines glucose molecules -> glyco…
-High energy molecule used by cells... -Removing phosphate= ener…
ATP <-> ADP + energy... ADP: Adenosine diphosphate... -ATP with a p…
Liver
Main metabolic organ
Liver fcn
-Stores energy molecules... (Combines glucose molecules -> glyco…
27 terms
Nutrition metabolism
main metabolic organ
what does the liver do?
how does the liver store energy molecu…
the liver makes lipoproteins
liver
-stores energy molecules... -makes lipoproteins... -metabolizes/det…
-combines glucose molecules to make glycogen. ... -combines fatt…
transports lipids through body as needed
main metabolic organ
liver
what does the liver do?
-stores energy molecules... -makes lipoproteins... -metabolizes/det…
94 terms
metabolism and nutrition
how many kcals does a healthy young ma…
what is resting metabolic rate?
what is the basal metabolic rate?
what is the 1st law of thermodynamics?
30 kcal/kg body weight
amount of calories you need each day to sustain your resting…
resting metabolism measured under standard conditions in whic…
energy can neither be created nor destroyed. in a closed syst…
how many kcals does a healthy young ma…
30 kcal/kg body weight
what is resting metabolic rate?
amount of calories you need each day to sustain your resting…
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