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Study sets matching "nutrition science"

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Study sets matching "nutrition science"

30 terms
The Science of Nutrition
Nutrition
Nutrients
Essential nutrients
Carbohydrates
the study of dietary intake and behavior as well as the nutri…
chemical substances obtained from food that are essential for…
nutrients that must be supplied through food because the body…
compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms that…
Nutrition
the study of dietary intake and behavior as well as the nutri…
Nutrients
chemical substances obtained from food that are essential for…
52 terms
nutrition science
nutrition science
purpose of nutrients
electrical energy
mechanical energy
the relationship between humans to their food (fuel) source
provide energy for movement, provide building materials for g…
neuromuscular
musculoskeletal, digestive(peristalsis), cardiovascular(pumpi…
nutrition science
the relationship between humans to their food (fuel) source
purpose of nutrients
provide energy for movement, provide building materials for g…
203 terms
Science of Nutrition
Diet planning principles
What are the muscular actions of diges…
Secretions involved in digestion
Anatomy of intestinal tract involved i…
Adequacy, balance, energy control, nutrient density, moderati…
peristalsis: muscle contractions in GI tract that pushes inte…
- saliva: initiates breakdown of carbohydrates in the mouth.…
- villi: fingerlike projections from the folds of the small i…
Diet planning principles
Adequacy, balance, energy control, nutrient density, moderati…
What are the muscular actions of diges…
peristalsis: muscle contractions in GI tract that pushes inte…
40 terms
Animal Science Nutrition
Ration
Balanced ration
Composition
Concentrates
Feed allowed an animal for a 24 hour period
Ration which supplies nutrients in the proper amounts
The way something is made up or put together
Feed high in total digestible nutrients and low in fiber
Ration
Feed allowed an animal for a 24 hour period
Balanced ration
Ration which supplies nutrients in the proper amounts
9 terms
Science: Nutrition
Nutrition
Food
Nutrient
Malnutrition
Nutrition is the study of nutrients and their reactions withi…
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutrients and energy.
A nutrient is a chemical needed by an organism to sustain lif…
This is where nutrients are taken in as a surplus or lacking.…
Nutrition
Nutrition is the study of nutrients and their reactions withi…
Food
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutrients and energy.
81 terms
Science of Nutrition
Prebiotics help with
Prebiotics are ____________ for bacter…
Prebiotics are specialized _________ _…
A high ____________ diet can also help…
bowel health
food
plant fibers... good bacteria
fiber... colon diseases
Prebiotics help with
bowel health
Prebiotics are ____________ for bacter…
food
31 terms
Nutrition - Science
Carbohydrates
Sugar
Starch
Fiber
Carbs are made from carbon and water.... 1) Sugar... 2) Starch... 3) F…
Simple Carbohydrate... Smallest Carb... Quick energy... Fruits, corn,…
Complex Carbohydrate... Made of 2 or more sugar molecules chemic…
Complex Carbohydrate... Made from 2 or more sugar molecules chem…
Carbohydrates
Carbs are made from carbon and water.... 1) Sugar... 2) Starch... 3) F…
Sugar
Simple Carbohydrate... Smallest Carb... Quick energy... Fruits, corn,…
45 terms
Vet Science Nutrition & Digestion
Physical and chemical processes that t…
Feed containing more than 18% crude fi…
Animal that uses a bacteria-filled, ap…
Regurgitated food not fully digested i…
Metabolism
Roughage
Cecal Fermenter
Cud
Physical and chemical processes that t…
Metabolism
Feed containing more than 18% crude fi…
Roughage
9 terms
Science Nutrition
Carbohydrate
Protein
Fats
Vitamins and Minerals
Gives your body quick energy ; sugar starch potatoes bread
nutrients that build and repair you body ; eggs beans nuts meat
Fats carry vitamins a d e and k ; Butter chips crackers pizza
Vitamins are chemical compounds. Minerals are nutrients neede…
Carbohydrate
Gives your body quick energy ; sugar starch potatoes bread
Protein
nutrients that build and repair you body ; eggs beans nuts meat
Science Nutrition
Food Label
Carbs
Fats
Calcium
Place to find nutrition information about food, such as calor…
Food group with largest portion that provides energy
Type of food that we should have very little (less than 2) se…
Mineral that keeps our bones strong that can be found in dair…
Food Label
Place to find nutrition information about food, such as calor…
Carbs
Food group with largest portion that provides energy
24 terms
Nutrition Unit Science
calorie
protein
amino acid
essential amino acid
the measure of the energy in foods when they are used by the…
a nutrient that builds and repairs cells and provides energy
building block of protein
8 amino acids that we must get from foods
calorie
the measure of the energy in foods when they are used by the…
protein
a nutrient that builds and repairs cells and provides energy
9 terms
Science Nutrition
Nutrients
Protein
Carbohydrates
Fats
The usable portions of food (protein, carbohydrates, vitamins…
To build and repair body tissue. Found in red meats, fish, po…
Used for energy. Found in cereals, breads, fruits and vegetab…
High calorie energy source used to cushion organs and insulat…
Nutrients
The usable portions of food (protein, carbohydrates, vitamins…
Protein
To build and repair body tissue. Found in red meats, fish, po…
12 terms
Science, nutrition
proteins helps the body to
the highest source of protein is
water is more than
you on need blank amount of vitamins a…
grow
eggs
half of your body
tiny amount
proteins helps the body to
grow
the highest source of protein is
eggs
10 terms
Science- Nutrition
Carbohydrates
Starch
Sugar
Fiber
-Primary source of energy... Source: bread, beans, milk, potatoe…
-Complex carb, large molecule.... Source: Pasta, bread, rice, co…
-Simple, small molecule. What starches break down into... Source…
-Non-Digestable... -Adds roughage to your diet (helps you poop)…
Carbohydrates
-Primary source of energy... Source: bread, beans, milk, potatoe…
Starch
-Complex carb, large molecule.... Source: Pasta, bread, rice, co…
19 terms
nutrition science
homeostasis
nutrigenomics
RDA
DRI
动态平衡。proper regulation of metabolism
the study of how diet affects gene and how genetic variation…
(original dietary standards)... Recommended Dietary Allowance
dietary reference intake
homeostasis
动态平衡。proper regulation of metabolism
nutrigenomics
the study of how diet affects gene and how genetic variation…
12 terms
Science of Nutrition
amine group
coagulation
foams
gelatinization
a group composed of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of nit…
to change a liquid into a soft semisolid or solid mass
air bubbles incorporated and trapped in a protein film by whi…
an irreversible thickening process
amine group
a group composed of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of nit…
coagulation
to change a liquid into a soft semisolid or solid mass
15 terms
Science Nutrition
Whole Grain
Bran Layer
Endosperm
Germ
It has the Bran Layer, Endosperm, and Germ
The outer layer of the Whole Grain
The inner part of the Whole Grain
It is inside of the Endosperm
Whole Grain
It has the Bran Layer, Endosperm, and Germ
Bran Layer
The outer layer of the Whole Grain
94 terms
Science Nutrition
Diet
Food
Essential nutrients
The body
the sum of the foods and there nutrients consumed by an indiv…
Material consumed by an organism that supports life
Nutrients that cannot be made in the body
Water 60%... Protein 17%... Lipids 14%... Minerals 6%... Carbs 1.5%... Vitam…
Diet
the sum of the foods and there nutrients consumed by an indiv…
Food
Material consumed by an organism that supports life
11 terms
Science: Nutrition
Carbohydrates
Protein
Fats
Fibres
Starch or sugar, used for quick release of energy
Amino acids, used for growth and repair of tissues
Fatty acids with glycerol, used for slow release of energy, i…
Indigestible bits of food, prevents constipation
Carbohydrates
Starch or sugar, used for quick release of energy
Protein
Amino acids, used for growth and repair of tissues
15 terms
Science- Nutrition
protein
amino acids
nutrients
carbohydrates
a nutrient used to build and repair cells
special chemicals that make up proteins
useful chemicals that we get from food
sugars and starches are called
protein
a nutrient used to build and repair cells
amino acids
special chemicals that make up proteins
139 terms
The Science of Nutrition, 3rd Edition
Food
Nutrition
Why study nutrition?
3 energy-providing nutrients
The plants and animals we consume.
The scientific study of food and how it nourishes the body an…
A science to be used, improve or maintain health, future gene…
carbohydrates, lipids, and protein (identified by mid-1800's,…
Food
The plants and animals we consume.
Nutrition
The scientific study of food and how it nourishes the body an…
21 terms
Science Nutrition
The six types of nutrition
Carbohydrates
Fats/Lipids
Proteins
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Water, Minerals, Vitamins
simple (mono&disaccharides) and complex (starch/polysaccharid…
three types, saturated, unsaturated, trans
made of amino and essential amino acids (complete proteins an…
The six types of nutrition
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Water, Minerals, Vitamins
Carbohydrates
simple (mono&disaccharides) and complex (starch/polysaccharid…
8 terms
Science Nutrition
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids
Saturated fats
Provides us with energy
To build and rebuild muscles
(Fats) keeps us warm, protects organs, stores energy, protect…
Cholesterol, found in meats, whole milk, eggs, etc.
Carbohydrates
Provides us with energy
Proteins
To build and rebuild muscles
33 terms
Animal Science 1- Nutrition
Nutrient
Ration
Roughages
Concentrates
chemical element or compound that aids in the support of life.
the amount and kind of feed given to animal on a daily basis.
feeds that contain higher fiber such as hay, pasture grasses…
feeds that contain less fiber such as grains, plant and anima…
Nutrient
chemical element or compound that aids in the support of life.
Ration
the amount and kind of feed given to animal on a daily basis.
9 terms
Nutrition 101 Science of Nutrition
steps in the scientific method
subjects
sample size
replication
ask a question, identify your hypothesis, test your hypothesi…
people or animals participating in research
the larger the amount of subjects the more valid the results…
experiment must be repeated multiple times before considered…
steps in the scientific method
ask a question, identify your hypothesis, test your hypothesi…
subjects
people or animals participating in research
12 terms
Science- Food and Nutrition
Nutrients
Energy
Carbohydrates
fats
substances found in food that help your body grow and develop
ability to do work
a nutrient that provides the main source of energy to the body
a nutrient which provides an extra supply of energy
Nutrients
substances found in food that help your body grow and develop
Energy
ability to do work
11 terms
SCIENCE: Nutrition
The Food Guide Pyramid
Digestion
Mouth
Teeth
The food guide pyramid shows the food groups. It also shows h…
The process of breaking down food is called digestion.
Digestion begins in your mouth.
Your teeth grinds the food into small pieces.
The Food Guide Pyramid
The food guide pyramid shows the food groups. It also shows h…
Digestion
The process of breaking down food is called digestion.
36 terms
Nutrition: Science of Nutrition- Chapter 1
Food
Nutrition
chronic disease
wellness
the plants and animals we consume. contains energy & nutrient…
the scientific study of food and how food nourishes our body…
disease that comes on slowly and persists for years, often de…
multidimensional process, including physical, emotional, and…
Food
the plants and animals we consume. contains energy & nutrient…
Nutrition
the scientific study of food and how food nourishes our body…
9 terms
Science: Nutrition
Calorie
Nutrients
Protein
Carbohydrates
The amount of energy it takes to raise the temperature of 1 k…
Food is made of nutrients- substances that provide energy and…
Relays signals between cells, Protects against disease, provi…
The body's major source of energy. There are three forms: Sta…
Calorie
The amount of energy it takes to raise the temperature of 1 k…
Nutrients
Food is made of nutrients- substances that provide energy and…
13 terms
Science Nutrition
nutrients
protein
carbohydrate
fats
Are substances in foods that provide energy and materials for…
Large molecules that are made of amino acids and contain carb…
A main source of energy for your body. Three types are sugar,…
Also called lipids, they provide energy and help your body ab…
nutrients
Are substances in foods that provide energy and materials for…
protein
Large molecules that are made of amino acids and contain carb…
9 terms
Nutrition Science
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Carbs
Lipids
Process used by plants to convert light energy, normally from…
Reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organ…
Compounds (sugars, starch, & cellulose) occurring in foods. T…
Compounds that are fatty acids and are insoluble in water but…
Photosynthesis
Process used by plants to convert light energy, normally from…
Cellular Respiration
Reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organ…
100 terms
Science of Nutrition
Eljkman Discovery
Night Blindness
1916 discovery
Water Soluble Vitamin Characteristics
Chicken fed w whole grain rice did not suffer
Night blindness in country, coastal - no night blindness
first vitamin discovered - Vitamin A
easily absorbed... low toxicity... excess eliminated
Eljkman Discovery
Chicken fed w whole grain rice did not suffer
Night Blindness
Night blindness in country, coastal - no night blindness
38 terms
Science - Nutrition
nutrients
calorie
6 classes of nutrients
organic nutrients
substances in foods that provide energy and materials for cel…
amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1kg of w…
proteins... carbohydrates... fats... vitamins... minerals... water
all contain carbon(proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, fats);…
nutrients
substances in foods that provide energy and materials for cel…
calorie
amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of 1kg of w…
30 terms
The Science of Nutrition
Food
Nutrition
Chronic Diseases
Wellness
Plants and animal we consume
Scientific study of food and how it nourishes the body and in…
Disease characterized by a gradual onset and long duration, w…
Multidimensional, life-long process that includes physical em…
Food
Plants and animal we consume
Nutrition
Scientific study of food and how it nourishes the body and in…
5 terms
Science(Nutrition)
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorbtion
Egestion
The intake of food into the body.
Is the breakdown of ingested food into useful form.
Absorbption is the process of taking in nutrients from food.
Is the process by which undigested food (fibre) is removed fr…
Ingestion
The intake of food into the body.
Digestion
Is the breakdown of ingested food into useful form.
53 terms
Science Nutrition
Bodies fuel
Energy, heat
Calories
Build and repair tissues
Food is considerred the ____ ____.
The body converts food to ____. Then energy releases ____.
We measure energy in ______.
Food supplies materials needed to ____ and ____ ____.
Bodies fuel
Food is considerred the ____ ____.
Energy, heat
The body converts food to ____. Then energy releases ____.
12 terms
The Science of Nutrition
Human Nutrition
Interventional (Experimental) Studies
Observational (Epidemiological) Studies
Retrospective Case-Control Studies
science of how dietary intakes affect development, health, ri…
participants undergo an intervention to test the effects (if…
**to generate a hypothesis... 3 types... retrospective case-cont…
- 1 of the 3 types of Observational (Epidemiological) Studies…
Human Nutrition
science of how dietary intakes affect development, health, ri…
Interventional (Experimental) Studies
participants undergo an intervention to test the effects (if…
18 terms
Science of Nutrition
Quackery
Red Flats of Misleading Claims
Nutritionist
Medical Doctor (MD)
promotion of health treatment that is ineffective/useless
*Too good to be true... *Quick fix... *Scare tactics... * Testimonials…
no legal definition (so anyone can use it)
*only 25% of current physicians have had full semester of nut…
Quackery
promotion of health treatment that is ineffective/useless
Red Flats of Misleading Claims
*Too good to be true... *Quick fix... *Scare tactics... * Testimonials…
12 terms
Science - Food and Nutrition
fat
nutrient
yeast
metabolism
refers to a group of nutrients that provide energy and buildi…
a chemical in food that helps keep organisms alive and active
a single - celled organism in the fungus kingdom; we use it t…
the process of breaking down food to yield energy to keep org…
fat
refers to a group of nutrients that provide energy and buildi…
nutrient
a chemical in food that helps keep organisms alive and active
27 terms
Science - Nutrition
Food
Nutrient
Metabolism
Producing energy, building and repairi…
Any substance that is ingested and sustains life.
Substance found in food that is used by the body to meet impo…
The overall series of chemical reactions that keep your body…
Name the 3 basic functions of food in the body.
Food
Any substance that is ingested and sustains life.
Nutrient
Substance found in food that is used by the body to meet impo…
87 terms
Science : La Nutrition
Aliments
Nutriments
Digestion
Type de nutriments
La nouriture que nous consommons contient les nutriment néces…
Sont des molécules d'éléments nutritifs essentiel et nécessai…
L'organisme décompose et transforme les macro nutriments en d…
Micro-nutriment ou Macro-nutriment
Aliments
La nouriture que nous consommons contient les nutriment néces…
Nutriments
Sont des molécules d'éléments nutritifs essentiel et nécessai…
12 terms
Science of Nutrition
macronutrient
micronutrient
four
four
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and water
vitamins and minerals
number of kcals per gram of CHO
number of kcals per gram of protein
macronutrient
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and water
micronutrient
vitamins and minerals
14 terms
Nutrition - Science of Nutrition
Scientific Explanations are..
Replicable
Rational
Testable
based on objective systematic observations carried out under…
under similar conditions other can produce the same results
they follow the rules of logic and are consistent with known…
can be verified through direct observation
Scientific Explanations are..
based on objective systematic observations carried out under…
Replicable
under similar conditions other can produce the same results
18 terms
Science of Nutrition
Anecdotal Evidence
Placebo Effect
Scientific Method
Experimental Group
other's personal experiences/advice/knowledge... - differences…
people get better with fake treatment because they believed i…
1) Ask a question... 2) Formulate hypothesis... 3) Test hypothesis…
group that receives treatment
Anecdotal Evidence
other's personal experiences/advice/knowledge... - differences…
Placebo Effect
people get better with fake treatment because they believed i…
13 terms
science - nutrition
What (in the body) contains a lot of p…
What (in the body) contains a lot of f…
What is protein digested into and what…
What is fat digested into and what do…
Muscle cells
Cell membranes
amino acids - new proteins
fatty acids and glycerol - different types of fat
What (in the body) contains a lot of p…
Muscle cells
What (in the body) contains a lot of f…
Cell membranes
32 terms
Nutrition ch1 science of nutrition
Nutrition defined
nutrients are
6 classes of nutrients in food
3 functional categories of nutrients
"science of food; the nutrients and the substances therein; t…
substances esential for health that the body cannot make or m…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water.
1 primarily provide energy (most carbs, proteins, most lipids…
Nutrition defined
"science of food; the nutrients and the substances therein; t…
nutrients are
substances esential for health that the body cannot make or m…
9 terms
Science Nutrition
What are carbohydrates and what do the…
Explain the proteins do for your body.
What are fats and what do they do for…
What are vitamins?
A chemical made up of one or more sugars chained together. Th…
Proteins help build and heal body tissues. They also help bui…
Fats are energy - storage nutrients that help the body store…
Vitamins are organic compounds that control several body func…
What are carbohydrates and what do the…
A chemical made up of one or more sugars chained together. Th…
Explain the proteins do for your body.
Proteins help build and heal body tissues. They also help bui…
9 terms
Personal Nutrition: The Science of Nutrition
Nutrition
Nutrients
Essential Nutrients
Chronic Diseases with Nutrition Relati…
"The science of food, the nutrients and the substances therei…
-Provide energy... -Provide building blocks... -Maintain body cells
A substance that, when left out of a diet, leads to signs of…
-Cardiovascular Disease (27% of all deaths)... -Cancer (23%)... -Ce…
Nutrition
"The science of food, the nutrients and the substances therei…
Nutrients
-Provide energy... -Provide building blocks... -Maintain body cells
11 terms
Nutrition 150 science of nutrition
Hypothesis
Theory
Epidemiology
Clinical trials
Proposed explanation for an observation or a scientific probl…
Formal explanation of an observed phenomenon made after a hyp…
Branch of sciences that studies health and disease trends and…
Studies that explore the health effects of altering people's…
Hypothesis
Proposed explanation for an observation or a scientific probl…
Theory
Formal explanation of an observed phenomenon made after a hyp…
33 terms
Science of Nutrition
Are findings ____?... Are conclusions ___…
Examines the interactions of genes and…
Examines how genes influence the activ…
Examines how nutrients influence the a…
reproducible, generalizable
nutritional genomics
nutrigenetics
nutrigenomics
Are findings ____?... Are conclusions ___…
reproducible, generalizable
Examines the interactions of genes and…
nutritional genomics
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