How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "o chem altius"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "o chem altius"

9 terms
Altius O chem
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Ether
CH3-CH3 . just straight hyrocarbon chain. or cyclic... sigma bon…
CH2=CH2 has double bonds... less stable , pi bonds... cis alkenes h…
Triple bonds... unsaturated hydrocarbons... usually non polar and n…
R-O-R... Relatively low boiling points... slightly polar... Pretty sta…
Alkane
CH3-CH3 . just straight hyrocarbon chain. or cyclic... sigma bon…
Alkene
CH2=CH2 has double bonds... less stable , pi bonds... cis alkenes h…
627 terms
Altius O-Chem 2
To produce a _______, we slowly vary t…
To produce an IR spectrum, we slowly _…
To produce an IR spectrum, we slowly v…
To produce an IR spectrum, we slowly v…
IR spectrum
vary the frequency of the IR radiation
IR radiation
exactly matches the frequency of vibration of a particular bond
To produce a _______, we slowly vary t…
IR spectrum
To produce an IR spectrum, we slowly _…
vary the frequency of the IR radiation
185 terms
Altius O-Chem 2
IR (infrared) Spectroscopy
What determines the vibrational freque…
Compare vibrational frequency in IR sp…
IR absorbance: Carbonyl, C=O
If a bond has a dipole, the bond is exposed to an external el…
1. strength of the bond... 2. molecular weight of the bonded atoms
Stronger bond= spring with larger spring constant (K)... molecu…
1700 ... sharp, deep
IR (infrared) Spectroscopy
If a bond has a dipole, the bond is exposed to an external el…
What determines the vibrational freque…
1. strength of the bond... 2. molecular weight of the bonded atoms
61 terms
ALTIUS Chemistry
What is an isotope and do they all hav…
1. Contrast cations vs. anions... 2. Iden…
An unknown particle 'accelerates' towa…
Contrast metals and nonmetals
One of multiple versions of the same Z # (atomic number) beca…
1. Any atom or molecule with 'fewer' electrons than protons…
We need something 'charged' to attracted to one of the other…
Larger atoms with 'loosely' held electrons, like to 'lose' el…
What is an isotope and do they all hav…
One of multiple versions of the same Z # (atomic number) beca…
1. Contrast cations vs. anions... 2. Iden…
1. Any atom or molecule with 'fewer' electrons than protons…
33 terms
Altius MCAT - Chemistry 3
Oxidizing agents are __________ and do…
(Ox state) Any elemental atom
(Ox state) Fluorine
(Ox state) Hydrogen
reduced, oxidizing; oxidized, reducing
0
-1
+1
Oxidizing agents are __________ and do…
reduced, oxidizing; oxidized, reducing
(Ox state) Any elemental atom
0
84 terms
Altius MCAT - Chemistry 1
Bohr model
Quantum mechanics
Atomic orbital theory
Z (element symbols)
Study of physics at the atomic level where energy is quantize…
incorporates wave-like behavior of particles/atoms in describ…
number of protons
Bohr model
Quantum mechanics
Study of physics at the atomic level where energy is quantize…
47 terms
Altius MCAT - Chemistry 2
convection
radiation
conduction
(Equation) Heat capacity
Process by which, in a fluid being heated, the warmer part of…
Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or…
The direct transfer of heat from one substance to another sub…
c=q∆T
convection
Process by which, in a fluid being heated, the warmer part of…
radiation
Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or…
98 terms
Altius Lesson: O-Chem 2
What must an Atom have in order to reg…
T/F Every Carbon in a complex steroid…
A changing electric field creates a...
How does NMR work?
Either and ODD atomic number or and ODD mass
It is possible but it takes much more finely tuned readers.
Magnetic field
When an external magnetic field is applied to a group of nucl…
What must an Atom have in order to reg…
Either and ODD atomic number or and ODD mass
T/F Every Carbon in a complex steroid…
It is possible but it takes much more finely tuned readers.
96 terms
Altius Lesson: O-Chem 1
Which bond is stronger, Sigma or Pi?
The first bond to form between two ele…
The second bond or third bond to be fo…
Which is the weaker bond c=o or c=n?
Pi bonds in themselves are weaker associations than are sigma…
is ALWAYS a sigma bond and involves head to head overlap of t…
are ALWAYS pi bonds and involves side to side overlap of two…
c=n, because the radii are further apart.
Which bond is stronger, Sigma or Pi?
Pi bonds in themselves are weaker associations than are sigma…
The first bond to form between two ele…
is ALWAYS a sigma bond and involves head to head overlap of t…
116 terms
Altius Lesson: Chemistry 2
Kinetics vs. Thermodynamics
In order for a reaction to occur...
How is rate measured?
How will increasing each of the follow…
Kinetics- the study of rates of chemical processes including…
1) The reactants must collide with enough energy to overcome…
the change in Molarity of the reactants per second... M/s
[reactants]- increase (more collisions)... [products]- decreases…
Kinetics vs. Thermodynamics
Kinetics- the study of rates of chemical processes including…
In order for a reaction to occur...
1) The reactants must collide with enough energy to overcome…
65 terms
Altius Lesson: Chemistry 4
The Ideal Gas Law
Ideal Gas law assumptions (2 main ones)
6 other assumptions
What is the only measurement of gas th…
PV = nRT... R=.0821 Latm/molK or 8.314 J/mol*K
1)Gas molecules themselves are of negligible volume compared…
3) All collisions between gas molecules are perfectly elastic…
MOLES! Which has greater pressure 76 g of Cl2 gas or 6 g H2?…
The Ideal Gas Law
PV = nRT... R=.0821 Latm/molK or 8.314 J/mol*K
Ideal Gas law assumptions (2 main ones)
1)Gas molecules themselves are of negligible volume compared…
115 terms
Altius Lesson: Chemistry 1
Bohr Model of Carbon
Z=
A=
Isotope definition
Proton: +1... Neutron: 0... Electron: -1... We still use the idea of e…
atomic number (number of protons)
mass number (number of protons and neutrons)
The number of protons for an element will always remain the s…
Bohr Model of Carbon
Proton: +1... Neutron: 0... Electron: -1... We still use the idea of e…
Z=
atomic number (number of protons)
66 terms
Altius Lesson: Chemistry 3
Arrhenius Acid/Base definition
Bronsted-Lowry Acid/Base definition
Lewis Acid/Base definition
Acid/Conjugate Acid and Base/Conjugate…
Acids produce H+ ions... Bases produce OH- ions in solution
Acids donate H+... Bases accept H+
Acids accept a pair of electrons... Bases donate a pair of elect…
The "conjugate base" of an acid is the acid minus its hydroge…
Arrhenius Acid/Base definition
Acids produce H+ ions... Bases produce OH- ions in solution
Bronsted-Lowry Acid/Base definition
Acids donate H+... Bases accept H+
115 terms
Altius Lesson: Chemistry 1
Bohr Model of Carbon
Z=
A=
Isotope definition
Proton: +1... Neutron: 0... Electron: -1... We still use the idea of e…
atomic number (number of protons)
mass number (number of protons and neutrons)
The number of protons for an element will always remain the s…
Bohr Model of Carbon
Proton: +1... Neutron: 0... Electron: -1... We still use the idea of e…
Z=
atomic number (number of protons)
116 terms
Altius Lesson: Chemistry 2
Kinetics vs. Thermodynamics
In order for a reaction to occur...
How is rate measured?
How will increasing each of the follow…
Kinetics- the study of rates of chemical processes including…
1) The reactants must collide with enough energy to overcome…
the change in Molarity of the reactants per second... M/s
[reactants]- increase (more collisions)... [products]- decreases…
Kinetics vs. Thermodynamics
Kinetics- the study of rates of chemical processes including…
In order for a reaction to occur...
1) The reactants must collide with enough energy to overcome…
14 terms
Altius Take 2 Chemistry
Given hydrogen ion concentration is 1x…
ambient pressure
Principle quantum number
Vapor pressure in hydrogen bonds will…
= 5 because we go -log(H+)
The ambient pressure on an object is the pressure of the surr…
n=1, n=2, n=3 ; principal quantum number n represents the rel…
Low because will not want to leave
Given hydrogen ion concentration is 1x…
= 5 because we go -log(H+)
ambient pressure
The ambient pressure on an object is the pressure of the surr…
40 terms
Altius - Chemistry 4
Boyle's Laws states what?
Charles' law states what?
What does Dalton's law state?
What can you increase to increase vapo…
P1V1 = P2V2
V1/T1 = V2/T2
The sum of the partial pressures = the total pressure... Pt = P1…
Temperature
Boyle's Laws states what?
P1V1 = P2V2
Charles' law states what?
V1/T1 = V2/T2
15 terms
Altius - Chemistry 3
What are two common Lewis Acids?
Name two good Lewis Bases...
What is the equation for Ka?
What is the equation for Kb?
AlCl3 and BF3
NH3 and OH-. Anything with a lone pair. These are the nucleop…
Ka = [H+][A-] / [HA]
Kb = [OH-][HB+] / [B]
What are two common Lewis Acids?
AlCl3 and BF3
Name two good Lewis Bases...
NH3 and OH-. Anything with a lone pair. These are the nucleop…
94 terms
Chemistry Section 2 (Altius MCAT Prep)
Convection
Radiation
What is a black body radiator?
Conduction
Fluid movement caused by the hotter portions of a fluid risin…
Electromagnetic waves emitted from a hot body into the surrou…
A black body is a theoretical object that absorbs 100% of the…
Molecular collisions carry heat along a conduit. Recall that…
Convection
Fluid movement caused by the hotter portions of a fluid risin…
Radiation
Electromagnetic waves emitted from a hot body into the surrou…
141 terms
Chemistry Section 1 (Altius MCAT Prep)
Q1. Draw and describe the Bohr model o…
Element Symbol Z
Element Symbol A
What is an isotope?
. The original Bohr model was that of a small, positively cha…
atomic number (the number of protons)
atomic number (the number of protons + neutrons)
Isotopes are atoms with the same number of protons , but diff…
Q1. Draw and describe the Bohr model o…
. The original Bohr model was that of a small, positively cha…
Element Symbol Z
atomic number (the number of protons)
94 terms
Chemistry Section 2 (Altius MCAT Prep)
Convection
Radiation
What is a black body radiator?
Conduction
Fluid movement caused by the hotter portions of a fluid risin…
Electromagnetic waves emitted from a hot body into the surrou…
A black body is a theoretical object that absorbs 100% of the…
Molecular collisions carry heat along a conduit. Recall that…
Convection
Fluid movement caused by the hotter portions of a fluid risin…
Radiation
Electromagnetic waves emitted from a hot body into the surrou…
133 terms
Chemistry Section 1 (Altius MCAT Prep)
Describe the Bohr model of an atom.
Element Symbol Z
Element Symbol A
What is an isotope?
The electrons in free atoms can will be found in only certain…
atomic number (the number of protons)
atomic number (the number of protons + neutrons)
Isotopes are atoms with the same number of protons , but diff…
Describe the Bohr model of an atom.
The electrons in free atoms can will be found in only certain…
Element Symbol Z
atomic number (the number of protons)
15 terms
O-Chemistry
Ketone
Ether
Aldehyde
Carboxylic acid
Ketone
Ether
O chemistry
Methyl poor nucleotide
Methyl weakly basic
Methyl strongly basic unhindered
Methyl strongly basic bulky
NR
SN2
SN2
SN2
Methyl poor nucleotide
NR
Methyl weakly basic
SN2
16 terms
CHEMISTRY :O
tetrahedral
tetrahedral
tetrahydral
Trigonal pyramidal
4 shared pairs ... 0 unshared
Bond angle is 109.5
4 shared pairs and bond angle of 109.5
3 shared pairs... 1 unshared
tetrahedral
4 shared pairs ... 0 unshared
tetrahedral
Bond angle is 109.5
18 terms
O Chemistry
Phosphate
Ethanolamine
Choline
Searine
O ... ||... HO-P-OH... |... o-
HO-CH2-CH3-N+H3
HO-CH2-CH2-N+(CH3)3
HO-CH2-CH-N+H3... |... COO-
Phosphate
O ... ||... HO-P-OH... |... o-
Ethanolamine
HO-CH2-CH3-N+H3
28 terms
O chemistry
Elements of proteins
Monomers of proteins
Polymers of proteins
4 levels of structure in proteins
CHONS
Amino Acids
Polypeptide
Primary structure ... Secondary structure ... Tertiary structure ... Q…
Elements of proteins
CHONS
Monomers of proteins
Amino Acids
18 terms
O Chemistry
Hydroxide
Ammonium
Nitrate
Nitrite
OH^-
NH4^+
NO3^-
NO2^-
Hydroxide
OH^-
Ammonium
NH4^+
28 terms
chemistry o
different property
always
created or destroyed
products mass
the product has a ... than the reactant
there is ... a change in properties
matter is neither ... or ... in a chemical reaction-it is con…
reactants mass
different property
the product has a ... than the reactant
always
there is ... a change in properties
21 terms
O Chemistry
Acid pronated ketone / conjugated base…
HCL/ conj. CL
H30+ / conj b. H20
H2S04/ conj b. 0S03H
-8
-2
-2
-2
Acid pronated ketone / conjugated base…
-8
HCL/ conj. CL
-2
57 terms
chapter 14 o chemistry
carbohydrate
carbohydrates are made from
monosaccharide
aldehyde at c1
sugar and starches, composed of ketones or aldehyde
plants
A single sugar molecule such as glucose or fructose, the simp…
aldose
carbohydrate
sugar and starches, composed of ketones or aldehyde
carbohydrates are made from
plants
17 terms
O. Chemistry Functional Groupd
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Aromatic
C-C & C-H single bonds
C=C
Alkane
C-C & C-H single bonds
Alkene
C=C
28 terms
Max O chemistry stg
chemistry
Matter
Element
Atom
The study of matter and how it changes
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
Smallest particle that has the properties of an element
chemistry
The study of matter and how it changes
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
32 terms
Salters Chemistry F335 O
Intermolecular Forces
Intramolecular Forces
Metallic
Ionic
Forces of attraction or repulsion which act between neighbori…
Forces of attraction between atoms that hold a molecule toget…
A kind of bonding with a giant 3D lattice structure that invo…
A kind of bonding where atoms transfer electrons completely f…
Intermolecular Forces
Forces of attraction or repulsion which act between neighbori…
Intramolecular Forces
Forces of attraction between atoms that hold a molecule toget…
9 terms
Chemistry Vocab O
Objective
Obliterate
Oblivious
Obscure
Unbiased, Not objective
Destroy, Demolish, Eradicate
Totally unaware
Difficult to understand, Partially hidden
Objective
Unbiased, Not objective
Obliterate
Destroy, Demolish, Eradicate
16 terms
AP Bio: O-Chemistry
cohesion
adhesion
acids
bases
sticking to same thing (hydrogen bond)
sticking to something else
give up H⁺
accept H⁺
cohesion
sticking to same thing (hydrogen bond)
adhesion
sticking to something else
310 terms
O-Level Chemistry
Mass in SI Units
Time in SI Units
Temperature in SI Units
Volume in SI Units
Kg
Seconds
Kelvin -273 Celsius
Meters Cubed
Mass in SI Units
Kg
Time in SI Units
Seconds
26 terms
Chemistry O' Life
Elements
Compounds
valence electron energy level
nucleus + charges
only one type of atom, cannot be broken down chemically, 92 n…
two or more types of atoms, can be broken down chemically int…
outermost energy circle
proton +, nutron 0
Elements
only one type of atom, cannot be broken down chemically, 92 n…
Compounds
two or more types of atoms, can be broken down chemically int…
10 terms
Intro to Chemistry w/o bold
accuracy
conversion factor
density
dimensional analysis
the closeness of measurement to the correct or accepted value…
a ratio of equivalent values used to express the same quantit…
the amount of mass per unit of volume per object or substance…
method of conversion factors and canceling units to solve a u…
accuracy
the closeness of measurement to the correct or accepted value…
conversion factor
a ratio of equivalent values used to express the same quantit…
8 terms
O Chemistry Terms: Unit 2
Constitutional isomers
Stereoisomers
Configurational
Conformational
Same molecular formula-different connectivity.
same molecular formula, same connectivity.
stereoisomers that can NOT be interconverted by rotation of a…
stereoisomers that CAN be interconverted by the rotation of a…
Constitutional isomers
Same molecular formula-different connectivity.
Stereoisomers
same molecular formula, same connectivity.
25 terms
Organic Chemistry :O
Chiral
Chiral Atoms
Chiral Carbon
Stereocenter
Not superimposable on mirror image
a molecule that is bonded to all different groups ... so, usual…
chiral carbon is the center of four different groups surround…
any point in a molecule that is asymmetric relative to the di…
Chiral
Not superimposable on mirror image
Chiral Atoms
a molecule that is bonded to all different groups ... so, usual…
Chemistry ( 0 o 0 \)
Molecule
Compound
collid
element
When 2 or more substances combine
pure substances, contain more than one element
is a mixture in which one substance of microscopically disper…
substances that are the building blocks of all matter
Molecule
When 2 or more substances combine
Compound
pure substances, contain more than one element
69 terms
E.O.G. Chemistry
Atoms
Element
Pure Substance
Nucleus
Building blocks of matter
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Atoms
Building blocks of matter
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
6 terms
Chemistry prefixes/o #s
Ide
Ate
Ite
Per-ate
Hydro ic acid
-ic acid
-ous acid
Per-ic acid
Ide
Hydro ic acid
Ate
-ic acid
16 terms
Chemistry O1: Introduction
Chemistry
Scientific Method
Observation
Qualitative Observation
The study of matter
a procedure of processing and understanding certain types of…
something witnessed that can be recorded
without numbers
Chemistry
The study of matter
Scientific Method
a procedure of processing and understanding certain types of…
21 terms
Chemistry terms O-R
Ore
Oxidisation
Oxidised
Particulate
Rock which contains enough metal to be economically efficient…
The reaction when oxygen is added to a substance
A reaction where oxygen has been added to the substance
Small solid particle given off from motor vehicles as a resul…
Ore
Rock which contains enough metal to be economically efficient…
Oxidisation
The reaction when oxygen is added to a substance
7 terms
chemistry M & O elements
md
mg
mn
mo
mendelevium
magnesium
manganese
molybdenum
md
mendelevium
mg
magnesium
12 terms
AP Chemistry (O)
Octahedron
Octet rule
Open system
Optical isomer
A geometric structure of six atoms covalently bound to a cent…
A rule stating that covalent molecules tend to have octets of…
A system in which matter and energy can be exchanged with the…
A stereoisomer that rotates polarized light
Octahedron
A geometric structure of six atoms covalently bound to a cent…
Octet rule
A rule stating that covalent molecules tend to have octets of…
Chemistry Mr. O'Neall
molar mass
cation
anion
mole
mass of a given substance (chemical element or chemical compo…
a positively charged ion
a negatively charged ion
the SI unit of amount of substance, equal to the quantity con…
molar mass
mass of a given substance (chemical element or chemical compo…
cation
a positively charged ion
20 terms
Chemistry table o elements
Na
K
Rb
Sr
Sodium
Potassium
Rubidium
Strontium
Na
Sodium
K
Potassium
1 of 10