How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "ob gyn labor delivery"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "ob gyn labor delivery"

142 terms
Labor and Delivery for OB/Gyn
Ectopic pregnancy... Location of implant…
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma
Tumors associated with elevated B-hCG
Selective estrogen receptor modulators
Location:... Most commonly ampulla... Histology: Endometrium looks…
B-hCG
Choriocarcinoma -- Gestational trophoblastic tumors... Hyatidifo…
Tamoxifen & Raloxifene
Ectopic pregnancy... Location of implant…
Location:... Most commonly ampulla... Histology: Endometrium looks…
Tumor marker for choriocarcinoma
B-hCG
57 terms
OB/GYN - Labor & Delivery
Definition of labor
T/F:... Women may have contractions in 2n…
5 factors that contribute to the durat…
The first stage of labor:... Main events…
Uterine contractions of sufficient frequency, intensity and d…
True
1. Parity... 2. Size and position of fetus... 3. Shape and capacity…
Begins with onset of labor... Ends when cervix is completely dil…
Definition of labor
Uterine contractions of sufficient frequency, intensity and d…
T/F:... Women may have contractions in 2n…
True
49 terms
Ob/Gyn Labor and Delivery
What is the minimum uterine contractin…
What are adequate number of uterine co…
What is a montevideo unit and what is…
When is fetal size increase chance of…
25mmHg minimum... 50-60 mmHg optimal
3/10 minute period
# of contractions x average intensity above resting baseline…
>4,000-4,000g
What is the minimum uterine contractin…
25mmHg minimum... 50-60 mmHg optimal
What are adequate number of uterine co…
3/10 minute period
OB/GYN - Labor and Delivery
What is the order of categories in the…
What is indicated by the following for…
What is indicated by the following for…
What is indicated by the following for…
- G - GRAVITY - total number of pregnancies... - P - PARITY…
- patient is pregnant for the first time
- one successful full-term pregnancy
- patient is pregnant now and had one previous successful ful…
What is the order of categories in the…
- G - GRAVITY - total number of pregnancies... - P - PARITY…
What is indicated by the following for…
- patient is pregnant for the first time
37 terms
Ob/Gyn: Labor and Delivery
Definition of labor
First stage of labor
Second Stage of Labor
Third stage of Labor
uterine contractions sufficient enough resulting in effacemen…
begins with the onset of labor and ends when cervix is fully…
begins with complete dilation of cervix and ends when the inf…
delivery of infant and ends with delivery of placenta
Definition of labor
uterine contractions sufficient enough resulting in effacemen…
First stage of labor
begins with the onset of labor and ends when cervix is fully…
47 terms
OB/GYN Blueprint: Labor and delivery complications
What is premature delivery?
What is preterm labor?
What are late symptoms of preterm labor?
What are complications premature babie…
Delivery of a viable infant before 37 weeks. Occurs in 8-10%…
Regular uterine contractions (>4 in 6 hours) between 20-36 we…
Painful or painless contractions... Pressure... Menstrual-like cram…
Developmental delays... Cerebral palsy... Lung disease
What is premature delivery?
Delivery of a viable infant before 37 weeks. Occurs in 8-10%…
What is preterm labor?
Regular uterine contractions (>4 in 6 hours) between 20-36 we…
70 terms
Blueprints OB/GYN: normal labor and delivery
Leopold maneuvers
PROM
pool test
nitrazine test
palpating first at the fundus of the uterus in the maternal u…
the membranes surrounding the fetus rupture at least 1 hour p…
Using a sterile speculum to examine the vaginal vault, the po…
Vaginal secretions are normally acidic, whereas amniotic flui…
Leopold maneuvers
palpating first at the fundus of the uterus in the maternal u…
PROM
the membranes surrounding the fetus rupture at least 1 hour p…
30 terms
OB/GYN EOR - Labor and delivery complications
Tx of power dystocia?
Management of shoulder dystocia
Define premature labor
How is premature labor diagnosed?
IV oxytocin may be needed
- Non-manipulative 1st line: McRoberts maneuver (increase pel…
Regular contractions with progressive cervical changes before…
Pelvic exam: access dilation and effacement... Nitrazene pH test…
Tx of power dystocia?
IV oxytocin may be needed
Management of shoulder dystocia
- Non-manipulative 1st line: McRoberts maneuver (increase pel…
70 terms
Clin Med II: OB/Gyn- Labor & Delivery
Signs of labor
What is the most important sign of Tru…
True or False labor? - Contractions ch…
True or False labor? - Annoying discom…
-Braxton Hicks Contractions... -Lightening... -Vaginal mucous secre…
Progressive cervical effacement and dilation
False labor
False labor
Signs of labor
-Braxton Hicks Contractions... -Lightening... -Vaginal mucous secre…
What is the most important sign of Tru…
Progressive cervical effacement and dilation
70 terms
Blueprints OB/GYN: normal labor and delivery
Leopold maneuvers
PROM
pool test
nitrazine test
palpating first at the fundus of the uterus in the maternal u…
the membranes surrounding the fetus rupture at least 1 hour p…
Using a sterile speculum to examine the vaginal vault, the po…
Vaginal secretions are normally acidic, whereas amniotic flui…
Leopold maneuvers
palpating first at the fundus of the uterus in the maternal u…
PROM
the membranes surrounding the fetus rupture at least 1 hour p…
70 terms
Clin Med II: OB/Gyn- Labor & Delivery
Signs of labor
What is the most important sign of Tru…
True or False labor? - Contractions ch…
True or False labor? - Annoying discom…
-Braxton Hicks Contractions... -Lightening... -Vaginal mucous secre…
Progressive cervical effacement and dilation
False labor
False labor
Signs of labor
-Braxton Hicks Contractions... -Lightening... -Vaginal mucous secre…
What is the most important sign of Tru…
Progressive cervical effacement and dilation
70 terms
Clin Med II: OB/Gyn- Labor & Delivery
Signs of labor
What is the most important sign of Tru…
True or False labor? - Contractions ch…
True or False labor? - Annoying discom…
-Braxton Hicks Contractions... -Lightening... -Vaginal mucous secre…
Progressive cervical effacement and dilation
False labor
False labor
Signs of labor
-Braxton Hicks Contractions... -Lightening... -Vaginal mucous secre…
What is the most important sign of Tru…
Progressive cervical effacement and dilation
70 terms
Clin Med II: OB/Gyn- Labor & Delivery
Signs of labor
What is the most important sign of Tru…
True or False labor? - Contractions ch…
True or False labor? - Annoying discom…
-Braxton Hicks Contractions... -Lightening... -Vaginal mucous secre…
Progressive cervical effacement and dilation
False labor
False labor
Signs of labor
-Braxton Hicks Contractions... -Lightening... -Vaginal mucous secre…
What is the most important sign of Tru…
Progressive cervical effacement and dilation
51 terms
Blueprints OB/GYN: complications of labor and delivery.
preterm labor
cervical insufficiency
low birth weight
risk factors for preterm labor
Labor that occurs before week 37. labor is contractions with…
silent, painless dilation of the cervix. can result in preter…
low birth weight (LBW) infants are born weighing less than 2,…
preterm rupture of membranes (PROM); chorioamnionitis; multip…
preterm labor
Labor that occurs before week 37. labor is contractions with…
cervical insufficiency
silent, painless dilation of the cervix. can result in preter…
18 terms
3 - Delivery - OB/Gyn
If you are checking a woman's cervix,…
This medicine is used to ... 1) Induce or…
This medicine is used to thin the cerv…
What are the side effects of infusion…
Don't move your hand (prolapsed cord)... - keep hand there (push…
Oxytocin
Misoprostol (Cytotec)
HYPO-tension... HYPO-natremia ... Tachysystole********** (abnormall…
If you are checking a woman's cervix,…
Don't move your hand (prolapsed cord)... - keep hand there (push…
This medicine is used to ... 1) Induce or…
Oxytocin
63 terms
OB: Labor and Vaginal Delivery
labor definition
parity
nullparous
multiparous
also called "parturition"... -physiologic process by which suffi…
# of times a woman gave birth
never given birth
2 or more births
labor definition
also called "parturition"... -physiologic process by which suffi…
parity
# of times a woman gave birth
14 terms
OB (Labor and Delivery)
citric acid/sodium citrate (Bicitra)
dinoprostone (Cevidil)... [oxytocic, pro…
misoprostol (Cytotec)... [Prostaglandin…
oxytocin (Pitocin)... [Oxytocic]
Action: Reduces gastric acidity... SE: diarrhea, nausea, vomitin…
Action: Stimulates uterine contractions, causing expulsion of…
Action: increases gastric mucus production and mucosal bicarb…
Action: Produces phasic contractions characteristic of normal…
citric acid/sodium citrate (Bicitra)
Action: Reduces gastric acidity... SE: diarrhea, nausea, vomitin…
dinoprostone (Cevidil)... [oxytocic, pro…
Action: Stimulates uterine contractions, causing expulsion of…
104 terms
OB- labor and delivery, postpartum
define stage 1 of labor
describe latent phase of stage 1 of la…
describe active phase of stag 1 of labor
what affect transit time during active…
begins with uterine contraction (onset of labor) to fully/com…
from onset of labor to 4 cm dilation approx.. ... Nulliparous:…
rapid dilation from 4 cm to 10 cm ... Further divided according…
3 Ps... - powers: strength and frequency of uterine contraction…
define stage 1 of labor
begins with uterine contraction (onset of labor) to fully/com…
describe latent phase of stage 1 of la…
from onset of labor to 4 cm dilation approx.. ... Nulliparous:…
41 terms
OB/GYN - Labor
Intervention for Fetal Heart Issue
Indications for Induction
Bishop Scoring System
Prostaglandins
-turn patient to side... -turn off Pitocin if tachysystole, ... -O2…
-PreEclampsia @term... -PROM (Premature Rupture Membrane)... -Chori…
Favorable >8... Vag w/wo induction <4... Fail induction <5-50 %
dilate cervix and increase contractions
Intervention for Fetal Heart Issue
-turn patient to side... -turn off Pitocin if tachysystole, ... -O2…
Indications for Induction
-PreEclampsia @term... -PROM (Premature Rupture Membrane)... -Chori…
52 terms
OB Labor & Delivery
First Leopold Maneuver
Third Leopold Maneuver
Second Leopold Maneuver
Fourth Leopold Maneuver
Facing the woman, palpate the upper abdomen with both hands;…
Place one hand just about the symphysis, note whether the par…
Moving hands on the pelvis, palpate the abdomen with gentle b…
Facing the woman's feet, place both hands on the lower abdome…
First Leopold Maneuver
Facing the woman, palpate the upper abdomen with both hands;…
Third Leopold Maneuver
Place one hand just about the symphysis, note whether the par…
203 terms
NURA OB/ Labor and Delivery
AB
AC
accel
AFAFP
abnormal
abdominal circumference
accelerations
amniotic fluid alpha-fetoprotein
AB
abnormal
AC
abdominal circumference
97 terms
OB Labor, delivery, postpartum
Settings for childbirth
Signs of approaching labor
Symptoms of true labor
False labor
1. Hospital... 2. Birthing centers... 3. Home- many laws pertain
1. Lightening... - Dropping of fetus further in pelvis... 2. Braxto…
1. Regular contractions... - Abdominal cramping... 2. Rupture of me…
1. Irregular contractions... 2. Resting relieves... 3. Intensity do…
Settings for childbirth
1. Hospital... 2. Birthing centers... 3. Home- many laws pertain
Signs of approaching labor
1. Lightening... - Dropping of fetus further in pelvis... 2. Braxto…
45 terms
OB- Labor and Delivery
How is Labor a clinical diagnosis?
What is a bloody show?
What are the two major functions of ut…
What are the three mechanical variable…
-Painful uterine contractions... -Progressive cervical effacemen…
Bloody discharge
Dilate the cervix... Push the fetus through the birth canal
The Powers ... The Passenger... The Passage
How is Labor a clinical diagnosis?
-Painful uterine contractions... -Progressive cervical effacemen…
What is a bloody show?
Bloody discharge
25 terms
Preterm labor and delivery (OB)
PTL definition
PROM
PPROM
Labor onset
cervical change >20 and <37 wks ... (also Eff 80% and Dil 2 cm)
in the absence of [signs of] labor... ("premature relative to th…
preterm PROM
- progesterone withdrawal (inhibition of uterine relaxation…
PTL definition
cervical change >20 and <37 wks ... (also Eff 80% and Dil 2 cm)
PROM
in the absence of [signs of] labor... ("premature relative to th…
139 terms
OB Labor and Delivery
What are the 5 P's (factors) that infl…
What are the 3 major parts of the feta…
What are the membranous spaces between…
What suture connects the anterior font…
passenger, passageway, powers, position, psyche
face, base, and vault
sutures
sagittal suture
What are the 5 P's (factors) that infl…
passenger, passageway, powers, position, psyche
What are the 3 major parts of the feta…
face, base, and vault
139 terms
OB Labor and Delivery
What are the 5 P's (factors) that infl…
What are the 3 major parts of the feta…
What are the membranous spaces between…
What suture connects the anterior font…
passenger, passageway, powers, position, psyche
face, base, and vault
sutures
sagittal suture
What are the 5 P's (factors) that infl…
passenger, passageway, powers, position, psyche
What are the 3 major parts of the feta…
face, base, and vault
12 terms
OB Labor and Delivery Meds
oxytocin (Pitocin)
butophanol (Stadol)
bupivacaine 0.125%
Fentanyl
Uterine smooth muscle stimulant. ... ---Action: Contracts uterin…
Narcotic analgesic. Agonist/antagonist.... ---Administer 0.5 mg…
Local anesthetic.... Given before or during birth.... ---Use: numbi…
Opioid, narcotic agonist. Analgesic. ... ---Can be used as an ad…
oxytocin (Pitocin)
Uterine smooth muscle stimulant. ... ---Action: Contracts uterin…
butophanol (Stadol)
Narcotic analgesic. Agonist/antagonist.... ---Administer 0.5 mg…
54 terms
Labor & Delivery Complications (222 OB)
Labor
Labor: ... how to diagnose?
Labor:... Mechanics
Delivery:... Mechanics
physiological process by which a fetus is expelled from the... u…
Clinical diagnosis!... -painful uterine contractions, ... -progres…
Uterine contractions have 2 major functions... EARLY:... -to dilat…
fetus is not a passive recipient of these forces... Its ability…
Labor
physiological process by which a fetus is expelled from the... u…
Labor: ... how to diagnose?
Clinical diagnosis!... -painful uterine contractions, ... -progres…
50 terms
Kaplan OB - Labor and Delivery
Lie
Presentation
Cephalic/vertex
Frank Breech
relationship of spine of fetus to spine of mother; longitudin…
part of fetus that presents to (enters) maternal pelvic inlet…
head presentation (greater than 95% of labors)
(most common) flexion of hips and extension of knees (toes by…
Lie
relationship of spine of fetus to spine of mother; longitudin…
Presentation
part of fetus that presents to (enters) maternal pelvic inlet…
42 terms
OB: Preterm Labor & Delivery
1) Preterm delivery is defined as deli…
1) The rate of neonatal survival now e…
Demographic Factors Associated w/ pret…
2 Behavioral Factors Associated w/ pre…
1) before 37 weeks... 2) 20-37
1) 30, 32... 2) 30-36... 3) Morbidity... 4) 36
1) Non-Caucasian race... 2) Extremes of age (<17 or >35 years)... 3…
Tobacco use... substance abuse
1) Preterm delivery is defined as deli…
1) before 37 weeks... 2) 20-37
1) The rate of neonatal survival now e…
1) 30, 32... 2) 30-36... 3) Morbidity... 4) 36
19 terms
OB: labor and delivery
what is the friedman curve for?
what are the 3 stages of active labor?…
the friedman curve fits more the _____…
what is the frequency of contractions…
facilitate the detection of dysfunctional labor.
acceleration, maximal slope, and deceleration.
ideal
every 5-7 min... every 2-2.5 min
what is the friedman curve for?
facilitate the detection of dysfunctional labor.
what are the 3 stages of active labor?…
acceleration, maximal slope, and deceleration.
42 terms
OB: Preterm Labor & Delivery
1) before 37 weeks... 2) 20-37
1) 30, 32... 2) 30-36... 3) Morbidity... 4) 36
1) Non-Caucasian race... 2) Extremes of a…
Tobacco use... substance abuse
1) Preterm delivery is defined as delivery before ________ we…
1) The rate of neonatal survival now exceeds 90% for infants…
Demographic Factors Associated w/ preterm labor: (9)
2 Behavioral Factors Associated w/ preterm labor:
1) before 37 weeks... 2) 20-37
1) Preterm delivery is defined as delivery before ________ we…
1) 30, 32... 2) 30-36... 3) Morbidity... 4) 36
1) The rate of neonatal survival now exceeds 90% for infants…
34 terms
OB Labor and Delivery
Formen Ovale
Ductus Arteriosus
Ductus Venosus
Fetal circulation
Closes 2hrs. after birth (3 weeks should be closed )
15 hrs after birth ( 3 weeks should be closed )
Closes immediately when the umbilical cord is cut. In 1 week…
Circulation starts 4 weeks into gestation
Formen Ovale
Closes 2hrs. after birth (3 weeks should be closed )
Ductus Arteriosus
15 hrs after birth ( 3 weeks should be closed )
23 terms
Labor & Delivery: OB Kaplan
frequency
duration
strong/foul odor ROM
meconium stained ROM
minutes from the beginning of one contraction to the beginnin…
time in seconds from the beginning of one contraction to the…
indicative of infection
indicative of fetal distress; in vertex position may indicate…
frequency
minutes from the beginning of one contraction to the beginnin…
duration
time in seconds from the beginning of one contraction to the…
13 terms
OB Labor/Delivery
lightening
nesting
causes of labor:... -... -... -
adequate structures for birth:... -... -
baby has entered pelvic cavity
burst of energy
-hormonal changes... -distention of uterus... -placental aging
-gynecoid*... -anthropoid
lightening
baby has entered pelvic cavity
nesting
burst of energy
41 terms
5032 OB Labor and Delivery
First stage
Second stage
Third stage
Fourth stage
true labor to complete cervical dilation(10cm)... latent, active…
cervix is 10cm dilated to birth of baby
birth of infant to placental separation and expulsion
1-4hr post delivery
First stage
true labor to complete cervical dilation(10cm)... latent, active…
Second stage
cervix is 10cm dilated to birth of baby
30 terms
OB labor and delivery complications
Women will need to have adequate _____…
Vacuum cannot be used in preterm birth…
Vacuum can never be used in case of __…
Elective inductions can begin at ___ w…
anesthesia
34; suction cup can injure fetal head and scalp
breech or face presentations
39
Women will need to have adequate _____…
anesthesia
Vacuum cannot be used in preterm birth…
34; suction cup can injure fetal head and scalp
43 terms
ob test - labor and delivery
Describe the role of prostaglandins, o…
What can suppress contractions? - 5/8
What are the three characteristics of…
When should the mother's vitals be tak…
prostaglandins: increase in late pregnancy, dialation and eff…
progesterone. anxiety and stress
intermittent, coordinated, involuntary
vitals should be taken between contractions. During contracti…
Describe the role of prostaglandins, o…
prostaglandins: increase in late pregnancy, dialation and eff…
What can suppress contractions? - 5/8
progesterone. anxiety and stress
OB: Normal Labor and Delivery
Normal labor is defined as
Fetal orientation refers to (4)
Fetal lie refers to
Fetal presentation refers to
-UC (1/10 or 4/20) regular... -Progressive cervical changes... -Eff…
Lie... Presentation ... Attitude ... Position
Either longitudinal, transverse or oblique
The portion of the fetal BODY closest to the birth canal. Can…
Normal labor is defined as
-UC (1/10 or 4/20) regular... -Progressive cervical changes... -Eff…
Fetal orientation refers to (4)
Lie... Presentation ... Attitude ... Position
89 terms
ob labor and delivery first half
effacement
lightening
hormone that causes the loss of mucus…
why a loss of weight of 2-3 lb a few d…
"thinning" or taking up of the cervical canal into the uterin…
occurs with descent of the fetus into the pelvis. Usually occ…
estrogen
A changing balance in estrogen/progesterone levels leading to…
effacement
"thinning" or taking up of the cervical canal into the uterin…
lightening
occurs with descent of the fetus into the pelvis. Usually occ…
40 terms
ob-Labor/delivery complications (progress)
Definition: Abnormal labor occurs when…
3 types of dystocia?
Uterine contraction ... 1) power... 2) pass…
Presentation, size, or postion of fetu…
Dystocia
1) power... 2) passenger... 3) passage
power
Passenger
Definition: Abnormal labor occurs when…
Dystocia
3 types of dystocia?
1) power... 2) passenger... 3) passage
18 terms
Med-Int OB/GYN Delivery \
afterbirth
bear down
birth canal
breech birth
胞衣,胎盘
往下用力
产道
臀位分娩,逆产
afterbirth
胞衣,胎盘
bear down
往下用力
53 terms
Clin Med: OB - Labor and Delivery
What is active labor?
What are signs that labor will happen…
What are Braxton Hicks contractions?
What happens during false labor?
Progressive cervical effacement (thinning) and dilation resul…
Braxton Hicks... Lightening of abdomen... Loss of mucous "plug"... Blo…
Contractions as tightening in the abdomen that comes and goes…
Uterine contractions are generally less regular and intense t…
What is active labor?
Progressive cervical effacement (thinning) and dilation resul…
What are signs that labor will happen…
Braxton Hicks... Lightening of abdomen... Loss of mucous "plug"... Blo…
64 terms
OB Chapt 13 Labor and Delivery
Braxton Hicks contractions are termed…
The RN in labor and delivery documents…
A client is in the first stage of labo…
When going through the transition phas…
Braxton Hicks contractions usually decrease in intensity with…
Fetal position... Correct ... Explanation: ... When documenting the RO…
Pain from the dilation or stretching of the cervix... Correct ... E…
Positive reinforcement... Correct ... Explanation: ... Any women, even…
Braxton Hicks contractions are termed…
Braxton Hicks contractions usually decrease in intensity with…
The RN in labor and delivery documents…
Fetal position... Correct ... Explanation: ... When documenting the RO…
Labor & Delivery Complications (222 OB)
Labor
Labor: ... how to diagnose?
Labor:... Mechanics
Delivery:... Mechanics
physiological process by which a fetus is expelled from the... u…
Clinical diagnosis!... -painful uterine contractions, ... -progres…
Uterine contractions have 2 major functions... EARLY:... -to dilat…
fetus is not a passive recipient of these forces... Its ability…
Labor
physiological process by which a fetus is expelled from the... u…
Labor: ... how to diagnose?
Clinical diagnosis!... -painful uterine contractions, ... -progres…
25 terms
OB ch 11 Labor and delivery
Stage 1 latent phase
latent phase timing
stage 1 active phase
active phase timing
cervix dilates from 0-3 cm, woman is talkative and eager
contraction duration 30-45 sec, frequency 5-30 min
cervix dilates from 4-7cm, feelings of helplessness, anxiety…
contraction duration 40-70 sec, frequency 3-5 min
Stage 1 latent phase
cervix dilates from 0-3 cm, woman is talkative and eager
latent phase timing
contraction duration 30-45 sec, frequency 5-30 min
17 terms
unit 3 OB Labor & Delivery
between first time moms and multimoms,…
cardinal movements
nulipara
para
first time moms
different movements to fit through the pelvis
haven't had a pregnancy last more than 20 weeks
given birth to a fetus older than 20 weeks # of times thicker
between first time moms and multimoms,…
first time moms
cardinal movements
different movements to fit through the pelvis
59 terms
OB Exam 1: Labor & Delivery
What are the 5 factors that affect lab…
The way the passenger, or fetus, moves…
The bones of the fetus have the capaci…
The 3 main presentations(part of the f…
5 P's... -Passenger (fetus and placenta)... -Passageway (birth cana…
-the size of the fetal head... -fetal presentation... -fetal lie... -f…
various diameters of the maternal pelvis
-Cephalic (head first)... -Breech (buttocks, feet, or both first…
What are the 5 factors that affect lab…
5 P's... -Passenger (fetus and placenta)... -Passageway (birth cana…
The way the passenger, or fetus, moves…
-the size of the fetal head... -fetal presentation... -fetal lie... -f…
45 terms
OB9 - Labor & Vaginal Delivery
! What is parturition?
! ____ is the physiologic process by…
! What are the 4 pelvic window types…
! Name the fontanelles (x4)... What is…
labor, or the process of giving birth
labor (also called parturition)
-Gynecoid (best suited for childbirth)... -Android... -Anthropoid... -…
-anterior (frontal) fontanel... -posterior (occipital) fontanel…
! What is parturition?
labor, or the process of giving birth
! ____ is the physiologic process by…
labor (also called parturition)
89 terms
OB Exam 1 - Labor/Delivery
Afterpains
Catecholamines
Dilation
Effacement
Postbirth uterine contractions
Maternal substances secreted in response to stress
Opening of the cervix
Thinning of the cervix
Afterpains
Postbirth uterine contractions
Catecholamines
Maternal substances secreted in response to stress
1 of 10