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Study sets matching "obesity exercise"

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Study sets matching "obesity exercise"

12 terms
obesity & exercise
10-15, 20-25
40, 35
1
creeping obesity
desirable body fat for men is about ___%, females ____%
ideal waist circumference is less than ___ for males and ___f…
over ago 25, the average person gains ___ lbs per year
the phenomenon on gaining a small amount of weight each year…
10-15, 20-25
desirable body fat for men is about ___%, females ____%
40, 35
ideal waist circumference is less than ___ for males and ___f…
34 terms
Exercise/ Obesity
% of americans who are obese
% of americans who are overweight
Obesity tracks into adulthood
% of fat
1/3
2/3
true
> 25% male; > 35% female
% of americans who are obese
1/3
% of americans who are overweight
2/3
21 terms
Exercise and Obesity
Obesity Outlook 2005-2021 (graph)... Over…
Co Moralities
Type 2 diabetes risk
Cordinary heart disease
...
type 2 diabetes ... Coronary heart disease ... increase cancer risk
greater risk... 93x woman 42x males bmi BMI>35kg/m2
86 increase with 20% increses in weight ... 3.6 risk in obese wo…
Obesity Outlook 2005-2021 (graph)... Over…
...
Co Moralities
type 2 diabetes ... Coronary heart disease ... increase cancer risk
13 terms
Cancer, Obesity, Diabetes, and Exercise-
HIF1-a
SIR2
PPAR-d
Muscle Glycogen
low oxygen increases glycolysis, promotes cancer
NAD+ dependent protein deacetylase, increases longevity, resv…
enhances oxidation of lipids, major regulator of fat burning…
glucose chain and Pi to Glu-1P end via glycogen phosphorylase…
HIF1-a
low oxygen increases glycolysis, promotes cancer
SIR2
NAD+ dependent protein deacetylase, increases longevity, resv…
39 terms
Exercise Physiology- Obesity
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Units of BMI
Interpretation of BMI
Body Composition
How much you weigh according to how tall you are... *NOT a measu…
kg/m^2
<18= underweight... 18-24.9= normal... 25-29.9= overweight... 30-39.9…
The proportion of fat and fat-free mass in the body... *expresse…
Body Mass Index (BMI)
How much you weigh according to how tall you are... *NOT a measu…
Units of BMI
kg/m^2
63 terms
Exam 3 Exercise and Obesity
Obesity has the same association with…
What should PT be able to do with obes…
Obesity
Overweight
20 years of aging
- recognize obesity... - address obesity issues with pt.... - asses…
excessive accumulation of fat beyond normal for age, gender a…
excessive weight for height (may or may not be associated wit…
Obesity has the same association with…
20 years of aging
What should PT be able to do with obes…
- recognize obesity... - address obesity issues with pt.... - asses…
37 terms
Obesity & Exercise - 29
Body Fat
Fat-Free Mass (FFM)
Guidelines for Desirable % Body Fat
Overweight Classification of % Body Fat
Storage Fat + Essential Fat + Sex-Specific Fat
Mass of the body that is not fat... - Muscles, skeleton, organs,…
M: 10-15% Body Fat... F: 20-25% Body Fat
M: 15-20% Body Fat... F: 25-30% Body Fat
Body Fat
Storage Fat + Essential Fat + Sex-Specific Fat
Fat-Free Mass (FFM)
Mass of the body that is not fat... - Muscles, skeleton, organs,…
41 terms
Exercise, Overweight and Obesity
Prevalence of overweight/obesity in ch…
Prevalence of obesity in adults?
Correlation between children who are o…
Health risks with overweight/obesity
1. Adolescent (12-19) 18%... 2. Children (6-11) 20%... 3. Children…
~30-35%
33%... 50%... 80%
Hypertension... Dyslipidemia... Diabetes mellitus... Coronary artery d…
Prevalence of overweight/obesity in ch…
1. Adolescent (12-19) 18%... 2. Children (6-11) 20%... 3. Children…
Prevalence of obesity in adults?
~30-35%
92 terms
Exercise, Overweight, & Obesity
Health Risks with Overweight/Obesity
Obesity and Type II Diabetes?
Android Type Obesity
Gynoid Type Obesity
Hypertension ... Dyslipidemia... Diabetes Mellitus ... Coronary artery…
There is a high correlation b/w obesity and Type II Diabetes
Central obesity
Peripheral obesity
Health Risks with Overweight/Obesity
Hypertension ... Dyslipidemia... Diabetes Mellitus ... Coronary artery…
Obesity and Type II Diabetes?
There is a high correlation b/w obesity and Type II Diabetes
8 terms
Chapter 8 Obesity and Exercise
Internal-external hypothesis
Restraint theory
Obesity
Body Mass Index (BMI)
One of the earliest hypotheses about why and when people eat,…
People are generally motivated to eat as a function of intern…
BMI of 30-39. Morbidly __ BMI >40.
(Weight in pounds/height in inches squared) * 703. Does not a…
Internal-external hypothesis
One of the earliest hypotheses about why and when people eat,…
Restraint theory
People are generally motivated to eat as a function of intern…
22 terms
Obesity, Diabetes & Exercise
Obesity
Body Mass Index (BMI)
True or false: Obesity rates are going…
Obesity is a risk factor for
BMI ≥30
measurement of weight (kg) vs. height (m)
True
CHD... Type 2 diabetes... Cancers... Hypertension... Hypercholesterolemia…
Obesity
BMI ≥30
Body Mass Index (BMI)
measurement of weight (kg) vs. height (m)
49 terms
Obesity, immobility and exercise Lecture
Obesity
Goal BMI
Formula weight
Underweight BMI
having excess body fat, enlarged fat cells and even an increa…
18.5-24.9
weight (lb)/ [height (in)]^2 X 703
less than 18.5
Obesity
having excess body fat, enlarged fat cells and even an increa…
Goal BMI
18.5-24.9
31 terms
AEP Obesity & Exercise
Body composition is the proportion of…
for males, a healthy range of %body fa…
for females, a healthy range of %body…
Body Mass Index, BMI:
1. Body fat: storage fat + essential fat + sex-specific fat... 2…
10-15%... 15-20%-overweight... >20%-obese
20-25%... 25-30%-overweight... >30%-obese
𝑤𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡 (𝑘𝑔) divided by ℎ𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡 𝑚 2
Body composition is the proportion of…
1. Body fat: storage fat + essential fat + sex-specific fat... 2…
for males, a healthy range of %body fa…
10-15%... 15-20%-overweight... >20%-obese
21 terms
Exercise Phys: Obesity
Obesity
Health effects
Hypertension (high BP)
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Obesity is the result of an imbalance in energy intake and ex…
30 medical coditions, 15 = strong relationship... increased prev…
75% of hypertension cases = attributed to obesity... Weight or B…
Obesity increases CVD risk due to its effect on blood lipid l…
Obesity
Obesity is the result of an imbalance in energy intake and ex…
Health effects
30 medical coditions, 15 = strong relationship... increased prev…
28 terms
exercise & disease prevention - obesity
obesity
energy balance equation
energy intake > energy expenditure
energy intake< energy expenditure
- disorder of body composition defined by an excess of body f…
change in body weight = energy in - energy out
weight gain = obesity
weight loss = anorexia
obesity
- disorder of body composition defined by an excess of body f…
energy balance equation
change in body weight = energy in - energy out
Obesity, immobility and exercise Lecture
Obesity
Goal BMI
Formula weight
Underweight BMI
having excess body fat, enlarged fat cells and even an increa…
18.5-24.9
weight (lb)/ [height (in)]^2 X 703
less than 18.5
Obesity
having excess body fat, enlarged fat cells and even an increa…
Goal BMI
18.5-24.9
18 terms
Exercise and Disease Prevention- Obesity
Obesity
Energy Balance Equation
weight gain
weight loss
disorder of body composition defined by an excess of body fat
change in body weight = energy in - energy out
energy intake > expenditure
energy intake < expenditure
Obesity
disorder of body composition defined by an excess of body fat
Energy Balance Equation
change in body weight = energy in - energy out
23 terms
Ch 19 exercise and obesity
potential causes of obesity
Biological cause
Psychological cause
habits associated with successful weig…
-Biological... -psychological
-may contribute to obesity but energy imbalance is the ultima…
body image
-currently tracks 5000 people who have lost weight and mainta…
potential causes of obesity
-Biological... -psychological
Biological cause
-may contribute to obesity but energy imbalance is the ultima…
43 terms
EX PHYS- Exercise & Obesity
Obesity has the same association with…
The APTA's Guide to PT Practice acknow…
As health-care providers, what is one…
Definition: OBESITY
20 years of aging
-Impairments in aerobic activity and other impairments that c…
Tailor therapeutic regimens to meet the person's needs.
an excessive accumulation of fat beyond normal for age, gende…
Obesity has the same association with…
20 years of aging
The APTA's Guide to PT Practice acknow…
-Impairments in aerobic activity and other impairments that c…
32 terms
PA, Exercise, and Obesity
1. Define physical activity, exercise,…
2. Name five demographic factors that…
3. The Centers for Disease Control (CD…
4. Are most school children active or…
Physical activity- Body movement produced by the skeletal mus…
Demographic (more likely to be less active) Age (old) Income…
60% said that they do meet the requirement but when using an…
Few children exercise; they play. When 11-16 yr olds were mon…
1. Define physical activity, exercise,…
Physical activity- Body movement produced by the skeletal mus…
2. Name five demographic factors that…
Demographic (more likely to be less active) Age (old) Income…
29 terms
Chapter 19: Exercise and Obesity
how can obesity be documented?
Class I obesity
Class II obesity
Class III (extreme) obesity
BMI
30.0- to 34.9 kg BMI
35.0 to 39.9 kg BMI
40kg BMI or higher
how can obesity be documented?
BMI
Class I obesity
30.0- to 34.9 kg BMI
23 terms
Obesity, Disease and Exercise
What body fat percentage classifies ma…
What BMI classifies someone as overwei…
Benefits of exercise & diet?
Number one risk factor for all cause m…
32% - females... 25% - males
above 25 kg/m^2 = overweight ... above 30 kg/m^2 = obese
increase energy expenditure - increase RMR... gain muscle mass... m…
sedentary lifestyle
What body fat percentage classifies ma…
32% - females... 25% - males
What BMI classifies someone as overwei…
above 25 kg/m^2 = overweight ... above 30 kg/m^2 = obese
34 terms
Diabetes, Obesity, and Exercise
What is obesity?
Is obesity a disease?
What is BMI? What is central obesity?…
What are other methods of estimating b…
A range of weight thought to be unhealthy (for a given height…
Yes, Amer Medical Association 2013 said yes... Affordable Care A…
BMI is kg/m squared... WHO and CDC define for adults: overweigh…
skinfold thickness, waist to hip ratio, ultrasound, computed…
What is obesity?
A range of weight thought to be unhealthy (for a given height…
Is obesity a disease?
Yes, Amer Medical Association 2013 said yes... Affordable Care A…
Physical Activity, Exercise, and Obesity
Define physical activity, exercise, an…
Name five demographic factors that pre…
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC)…
How active or inactive are school chil…
PA: body movement produced by the skeletal muscles that resul…
Age (old), income(poverty), gender(female), race(black and hi…
60% of adults are not active regularly, 40% are totally seden…
Less active on the weekend.
Define physical activity, exercise, an…
PA: body movement produced by the skeletal muscles that resul…
Name five demographic factors that pre…
Age (old), income(poverty), gender(female), race(black and hi…
10 terms
KIN 469 - Exercise and Obesity
What are some challenges of conducting…
What is the purpose of exercise testin…
What modifications do you make for exe…
What comes after an exercise test?
- lack of confidence: need to be easily achievable to test fu…
- baseline measurements for exercise prescription... - motivatio…
- slow, low intensity... - stationary bike (don't have to worry…
- weight-loss efforts, require frequent contact and support t…
What are some challenges of conducting…
- lack of confidence: need to be easily achievable to test fu…
What is the purpose of exercise testin…
- baseline measurements for exercise prescription... - motivatio…
42 terms
Health, Disease and Exercise - Obesity
In 2007, how many people were classed…
In the US, for people between the age…
a 2011 Australian study determined wha…
is over eating or under exercising the…
312 million obese... 1.1 billion overweight
around 18% deaths
25% / 1 in 4
under exercising
In 2007, how many people were classed…
312 million obese... 1.1 billion overweight
In the US, for people between the age…
around 18% deaths
18 terms
exercise prescriptions for obese populations
obesity definition
more than _____% of US adults are obese
approx ______% of children and adolesc…
obesity rates in the US have increased…
state of excess storage of body fat
36.5
17% children and 2-19 years
25 ... ----finally leveling off the past few years
obesity definition
state of excess storage of body fat
more than _____% of US adults are obese
36.5
FRENCH Exercise 2 Obesity Vocabulary
excess weight
doesn't spare anybody
moreover
over weight
surpoids
n'épargne personne
de surcroit
surcharge poderale
excess weight
surpoids
doesn't spare anybody
n'épargne personne
57 terms
Physical Exercise, Sedentary and Obesity 5
life expectancy for men (US)
women
Source of energy for fast response (mu…
Creatine phosphate (phosphocreatine) c…
75.7
80.8
95% creatine pool is stored in skeletal muscle... The remaining…
ADP to ATP (brings ADP third phosphate)
life expectancy for men (US)
75.7
women
80.8
33 terms
Exercise Physiology: Obesity & weight control
Know the definitions of obesity.
Obesity syndrome includes one or more…
Leptin
Ghrelin
Excess body fat ... It is a chronic disease ... 30.5% of America is…
-Glucose inolerance ... -Insulin resistance... -Dyslipidemia... -Type…
link between osteoarthritis and obesity ... -transported to the…
Hunger hormone- higher when stomach is empty
Know the definitions of obesity.
Excess body fat ... It is a chronic disease ... 30.5% of America is…
Obesity syndrome includes one or more…
-Glucose inolerance ... -Insulin resistance... -Dyslipidemia... -Type…
20 terms
Exercise Physiology- Nutrition/Obesity packet
% water- intracellular vs extracellular
What is a monosaccharide?... 3 kinds?
KCalories per gram of... ... Fat?... Carbs?…
What is starch? Two types?
intracellular = 62% water... extracellular= 38% water... takes up…
simple sugar -> basic unit of carbohydrate... 1) Glucose... 2) Fru…
1 gram of fat = 9kcal... 1 gram of carb= 4kcal... 1 gram of protein…
-complex carb made of many glucoses... 1) Amylase = long chaine…
% water- intracellular vs extracellular
intracellular = 62% water... extracellular= 38% water... takes up…
What is a monosaccharide?... 3 kinds?
simple sugar -> basic unit of carbohydrate... 1) Glucose... 2) Fru…
33 terms
Physical Activity, Exercise and Obesity (2)
Define physical activity
Define exercise
Define MET
Name 5 demographic factors that predic…
Body movement produced by the skeletal muscles that results i…
A subset of physical activity. Volitional, planned, structure…
Energy requirement of an activity expressed as a multiple of…
1. Age: decreases with lower income... 2. Income: decreases with…
Define physical activity
Body movement produced by the skeletal muscles that results i…
Define exercise
A subset of physical activity. Volitional, planned, structure…
52 terms
Ch 30 Obesity Exercise Physiology
Obesity Prevalence
Obesity in Children
Increased Body Fat: A Progressive Lon…
Generally an Overfed Nation
-Estimate 140 million Americans are either overweight or obes…
-In the last 30 years obesity has tripled among American chil…
-Over fatness represents a heterogeneous disorder... Energy inta…
1. -A general increase in energy intake over a 30-yr period…
Obesity Prevalence
-Estimate 140 million Americans are either overweight or obes…
Obesity in Children
-In the last 30 years obesity has tripled among American chil…
28 terms
Module 7 Nutrition, Exercise & Obesity
3 objectives
Nutrition
Examples of processed foods
Processed foods
Understand the importance of eating healthy... Learn about diabe…
The study of how food works in our body and how our body crea…
Canned foods... Snack foods... Frozen dinners
Are foods that have been altered from their natural state to…
3 objectives
Understand the importance of eating healthy... Learn about diabe…
Nutrition
The study of how food works in our body and how our body crea…
38 terms
Exercise Physiology- test 5- obesity
What age do you meet your maximum exer…
Kidney function in 40-80 y/o
Bone mass decrease in 30-80 year old m…
Bone mass decrease in 30-80 year old f…
20-30
kidney function decreases
15%
30%
What age do you meet your maximum exer…
20-30
Kidney function in 40-80 y/o
kidney function decreases
28 terms
Obesity, Nutrition, Weight Loss, Exercise
what counts as 1 cup of fruit
what counts as 1 cup of veggies
what counts as 1 oz of grains
what counts as 1 oz of protein
1 cup fruit... 1 cup fruit juice... 1/2 cup dried fruit
1 cup raw/cooked veggies... 1 cup veggie juice... 2 cups raw leafy…
1 slice of bread... 1 cup of cereal/cooked... 1/2 cup cooked rice/p…
1 oz meat/poultry/fish... 1/4 cup cooked beans... 1 egg... 1tbsp peanu…
what counts as 1 cup of fruit
1 cup fruit... 1 cup fruit juice... 1/2 cup dried fruit
what counts as 1 cup of veggies
1 cup raw/cooked veggies... 1 cup veggie juice... 2 cups raw leafy…
40 terms
Exercise for E3: Obesity & Diabetes
There appears to be no difference betw…
What are the BMI ranges for adults ove…
What is the cut-off of BMI for obese,…
What population does BMI tend to overe…
Older black women nearly twice as likely as older white women…
-Underweight: <18.5... -Normal Weight: 18.5-24.9... - Overweight:…
- Obese: BMI >30... -Morbidly Obese: BMI >40
- Overestimate: fat levels in athletes, particularly young ma…
There appears to be no difference betw…
Older black women nearly twice as likely as older white women…
What are the BMI ranges for adults ove…
-Underweight: <18.5... -Normal Weight: 18.5-24.9... - Overweight:…
51 terms
Acute pain, sports/exercise and obesity
What is Legg-Calve Perthes disease?
What is the presentation of Legg-Calve…
Who is mainly affected by Legg-Calve P…
What is the orthopaedic Mx of Legg-Cal…
avascular necrosis of capital femoral epiphysis with subseque…
painful limp, limitation of IR/ ABD
4-8y
either monitoring hip ROM or operative containment
What is Legg-Calve Perthes disease?
avascular necrosis of capital femoral epiphysis with subseque…
What is the presentation of Legg-Calve…
painful limp, limitation of IR/ ABD
26 terms
PHTH 527 Exercises for Obesity and Diabetes
Define obesity as per BMI and % body fat
What is the difference between fat fre…
What are factors contributing to obesi…
What is the obesity paradox?
A) Body fat: men >25%, women >30%... B) BMI (kg/m2):... i) Very se…
A) Fat free mass (FFM) is body mass minus mass of all body fa…
A) Lifestyle:... -Poor diet... -Lack of sleep... -Lack of exercise... -Sn…
If an obese person has an additional pathology, they have a d…
Define obesity as per BMI and % body fat
A) Body fat: men >25%, women >30%... B) BMI (kg/m2):... i) Very se…
What is the difference between fat fre…
A) Fat free mass (FFM) is body mass minus mass of all body fa…
24 terms
exam 2 physical activity, exercise, and obesity
Define physical activity
exercise
MET
Name five demographic factors that pre…
body movement produced by sk mm that results in EE
planned, repetitive, PA aimed at improvement or maintenance o…
energy requirement of an activity expressed as a multiple of…
age... income... gender... race... education
Define physical activity
body movement produced by sk mm that results in EE
exercise
planned, repetitive, PA aimed at improvement or maintenance o…
46 terms
Ex Phys Lecture 10: Exercise and Obesity
Obesity has the same association with…
define obesity
true or false: overweight is excessive…
being overweight may not be associated…
d) 20 years of aging
an excessive accumulation of fat beyond normal for age, gende…
false: it is excessive weight for HEIGHT
true; it may or may not be associated
Obesity has the same association with…
d) 20 years of aging
define obesity
an excessive accumulation of fat beyond normal for age, gende…
81 terms
Exercise Physiology Exam 4 SG 1 - Obesity
Define overweight
Define overfat
What are the 4 major classifications o…
What leads to an artificially high BMI?
Body weight that exceeds an average value for stature and age…
Body fat exceeds age and/or gender appropriate average values…
< 18.5 = underweight... 18.5 - 24.9 = normal... 25 - 29.9 = overwei…
Lean body mass
Define overweight
Body weight that exceeds an average value for stature and age…
Define overfat
Body fat exceeds age and/or gender appropriate average values…
23 terms
KINE 1400 Ch. 19 Exercise and Obesity
potential causes of obesity
biological cause
biological cause may contribute to obe…
psychological cause
-Biological... -psychological
-genetic predisposition (lower than normal metabolic rates)... -…
energy imbalance
body image
potential causes of obesity
-Biological... -psychological
biological cause
-genetic predisposition (lower than normal metabolic rates)... -…
14 terms
Ch. 6 - Obesity article matching exercise
obesity
weight-loss
overweight
heart disease
(n) excessive fatness
amount of weight that a person loses
being heavy for one's height
any disease that affects your heart
obesity
(n) excessive fatness
weight-loss
amount of weight that a person loses
23 terms
KINE 1400- Ch. 19 Exercise and Obesity
potential causes of obesity
biological cause
biological cause may contribute to obe…
psychological cause
-Biological... -psychological
-genetic predisposition (lower than normal metabolic rates)... -…
energy imbalance
body image
potential causes of obesity
-Biological... -psychological
biological cause
-genetic predisposition (lower than normal metabolic rates)... -…
35 terms
Exam 2 Physical Activity, Exercise, & Obesity
Define physical activity, exercise, an…
Name five demographic factors that pre…
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC)…
Are most school children active or ina…
* physical activity: body movement produced by the skeletal m…
age (old)... income (poverty)... gender (female)... race (black or his…
21%... ~8% actually meet the guidelines
inactive: ~50% of girls and 38% of boys did not achieve one 1…
Define physical activity, exercise, an…
* physical activity: body movement produced by the skeletal m…
Name five demographic factors that pre…
age (old)... income (poverty)... gender (female)... race (black or his…
73 terms
Nurs 314- Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Immobility
Obesity
BMI Formula
BMI Goal
BMI Underweight
Having excess body fat, enlarged cells, and even an increased…
Weight (lbs)/Height(in)^2 * 703
18.5-24.9
<18.5
Obesity
Having excess body fat, enlarged cells, and even an increased…
BMI Formula
Weight (lbs)/Height(in)^2 * 703
Exam 3 Review (Obesity, Immobility, & Exercise)
What are the psychosocial effects of i…
What are the effects of immobility on…
What are the effects of immobility on…
What are the effects of immobility on…
A decreased level of circulating neurotransmitters, which dec…
1. Increased cardiac workload ... 2. Increased risk for orthosta…
1. Decreased depth and rate of respiration... 2. Pooling of secr…
1. A disturbance in appetite... 2. Altered protein metabolism... 3.…
What are the psychosocial effects of i…
A decreased level of circulating neurotransmitters, which dec…
What are the effects of immobility on…
1. Increased cardiac workload ... 2. Increased risk for orthosta…
Chapter 6A: Exercise, Obesity, and Metabolic Syndrome
~introduction to exercise, obesity, an…
From the moment we begin to exercise...
First Objective
Second Objective
...
complex response w/ 3 immediate objectives initiated
Cause skeletal muscle contraction by neural stimulation
Act in support of muscle contraction by mobilizing fuels and…
~introduction to exercise, obesity, an…
...
From the moment we begin to exercise...
complex response w/ 3 immediate objectives initiated
34 terms
Unit 2: Physical Activity, Exercise, and Obesity
Define physical activity
Define exercise
Define MET
Name five demographic factors that pre…
body movement produced by the skeletal muscle that results in…
a subset of physical activity ... volitional, planned, structur…
energy requirement of an activity expressed as a multiple of…
age (old)... income (poverty)... gender (female)... race (black or his…
Define physical activity
body movement produced by the skeletal muscle that results in…
Define exercise
a subset of physical activity ... volitional, planned, structur…
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