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Study sets matching "obesity metabolic"

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Study sets matching "obesity metabolic"

29 terms
Obesity and metabolism
what are the 3 major factors contribut…
Obesity is caused by excessive intake…
What Is Body Composition?
what is Subcutaneous fat
Dietary intake.... Physical activity.... Genetic background.
...
The ratio of fat tissue to lean body mass (muscle, bone, and…
located under the skin
what are the 3 major factors contribut…
Dietary intake.... Physical activity.... Genetic background.
Obesity is caused by excessive intake…
...
13 terms
Obesity Metabolism
Damage to the ventromedial or paravent…
Damage to the lateral hypothalamic nuc…
Stimulation of orexigenic neurons ____…
Stimulation of anorexigenic neurons __…
hyperphagia + obesity
weight-loss + anorexia
increase
suppress
Damage to the ventromedial or paravent…
hyperphagia + obesity
Damage to the lateral hypothalamic nuc…
weight-loss + anorexia
78 terms
Metabolism: Obesity
Obesity
Causes of obesity
Complications of obesity
Summary of obesity in American adults…
Chronic metabolic disease with the defining feature of excess…
Multiple genetic and environmental factors:... -Excessive calori…
Type 2 diabetes, HTN/dyslipidemias, macrovascular diseases (s…
44 states had obesity prevalence >25%.
Obesity
Chronic metabolic disease with the defining feature of excess…
Causes of obesity
Multiple genetic and environmental factors:... -Excessive calori…
18 terms
Metabolism- obesity
BMI
Obesity
Pathophysiology of obesity
Basal metabolic rate (BMR)
Body mass index which is an indirect way to measure the amoun…
excess of adipose tissue (one of the most preventable health…
Ours cells use the nutrients (food) we take in to produce ene…
Essentially the cost (in kilocalories) of being alive
BMI
Body mass index which is an indirect way to measure the amoun…
Obesity
excess of adipose tissue (one of the most preventable health…
36 terms
Metabolism-Obesity
Metabolism definition
Through the release of hormones, the _…
Hormones definition
Hormones regulate what four functions…
processes of biochemical reactions occurring in the body's ce…
endocrine
chemical messengers that are secreted by various glands and e…
growth, reproduction, fluid and electrolyte balance, and gend…
Metabolism definition
processes of biochemical reactions occurring in the body's ce…
Through the release of hormones, the _…
endocrine
42 terms
Metabolism and obesity
Metabolism
GI tract
Submucosa
Serosa
Change. More energy to warm the body.... ºnutrition ... ºHEAT energ…
4 layers (mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, serosa). Mucosal lin…
Muscle tissue
Outermost, connective tissue
Metabolism
Change. More energy to warm the body.... ºnutrition ... ºHEAT energ…
GI tract
4 layers (mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, serosa). Mucosal lin…
20 terms
Obesity: Metabolic Patterns and Obesity Signaling
Metabolic Syndrome (MS)
What is the driver of MS?
How does MS contribute to CV disease?
Non esterified fatty acids (NEFA) are…
A clustering of metabolic risks that increase long-term risk…
Adipose tissue
1. Fatty buildups in artery walls: blockages narrow the arter…
Adipose tissue
Metabolic Syndrome (MS)
A clustering of metabolic risks that increase long-term risk…
What is the driver of MS?
Adipose tissue
120 terms
Metabolic Syndrome, Obesity & Diabetes
Ghrelin
Leptin
Evolutionary Function of Leptin
Enzymatic actions of Leptin
1) Released by gastric mucosa on an empty stomach (fasting=…
1) Released ... -Expressed by fat cells, reflects quantity of…
-May be responsible for short-term fat storage in adipose tis…
1) Activation of AMPK (fatty acid oxidation) and inactivation…
Ghrelin
1) Released by gastric mucosa on an empty stomach (fasting=…
Leptin
1) Released ... -Expressed by fat cells, reflects quantity of…
120 terms
Metabolic Syndrome, Obesity & Diabetes
Ghrelin
Leptin
Evolutionary Function of Leptin
Enzymatic actions of Leptin
1) Released by gastric mucosa on an empty stomach (fasting=…
1) Released ... -Expressed by fat cells, reflects quantity of…
-May be responsible for short-term fat storage in adipose tis…
1) Activation of AMPK (fatty acid oxidation) and inactivation…
Ghrelin
1) Released by gastric mucosa on an empty stomach (fasting=…
Leptin
1) Released ... -Expressed by fat cells, reflects quantity of…
33 terms
Obesity and the metabolic syndrome
BMI
classification of overweight and obesi…
comparing apples to pears
when does fat mass peak
just past middle age in men and women ... % body fat increases a…
BMI
classification of overweight and obesi…
21 terms
Metabolic Integration: Obesity and Diabetes
The Thrifty Gene Hypothesis states that
Leptin hormone appears to play an impo…
Type 2 diabetes develops from a state…
chronic hyperglycemia and hyperlipidem…
humans are genetically programmed to store fat in times of pl…
both energy metabolism and the neurological control of eating…
hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia;
insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Genes and environment…
The Thrifty Gene Hypothesis states that
humans are genetically programmed to store fat in times of pl…
Leptin hormone appears to play an impo…
both energy metabolism and the neurological control of eating…
25 terms
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
The pattern has been an increasing obe…
BMI calculation
Better clinical model than BMI bc it i…
Metabolic syndrome is a clinical condi…
decreased
weight/(height)^2 = kg/m^2
Waist circumference
CV disease + type 2 DM
The pattern has been an increasing obe…
decreased
BMI calculation
weight/(height)^2 = kg/m^2
52 terms
5. Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
How do you calculate Obesity
Prevalence of obesity in America and i…
What are Ist and 2nd most important pr…
What is the heretibility of BMI
1. BMI ... 2. Waist circumference ... 3. Sometimes Body composition…
...
...
66%
How do you calculate Obesity
1. BMI ... 2. Waist circumference ... 3. Sometimes Body composition…
Prevalence of obesity in America and i…
...
24 terms
Obesity and the Metabolic Syndrome
Metabolic Syndrome (Sindrome X)
Primary Contributors to Metabolic Synd…
Insulin Resistance
Visceral Fat
Group of risk factors occurring together increasing risk of C…
*VISCERAL FAT AND INSULIN RESISTANCE
This is a CENTRAL factor but not a well-established cause; th…
There is a lot of flow so the fat will get stored in areas it…
Metabolic Syndrome (Sindrome X)
Group of risk factors occurring together increasing risk of C…
Primary Contributors to Metabolic Synd…
*VISCERAL FAT AND INSULIN RESISTANCE
17 terms
30. OBESITY AND METABOLIC SYNDROME
how does obesity develop?
ecological model of control of body we…
Leptin as a genetic cause for obesity
Genetics
Imbalance between food intake and energy expenditure ... Body na…
Genes/ biology and environment contribute to psychology/ beha…
ob/ob mouse- can make leptin but can't secrete it ... - Can't re…
Determination of body composition is polygenic (>600 genes)…
how does obesity develop?
Imbalance between food intake and energy expenditure ... Body na…
ecological model of control of body we…
Genes/ biology and environment contribute to psychology/ beha…
25 terms
Obesity and metabolic syndrome
What is appetite?
What are the centres in the hypothalam…
What is gherlin?
When is gherlin released?
Balance between signals encouraging eating and those preventi…
Hunger and satiety
Peptide produced by stomach
When stomach is empty
What is appetite?
Balance between signals encouraging eating and those preventi…
What are the centres in the hypothalam…
Hunger and satiety
16 terms
biochem - obesity, metabolic syn
gherlin
leptin
CCK
arcuate nucleus
-made by stomach, increases hunger, appetite by stimulating N…
-made in fat, tells brain you're full, neg E balance ... -def or…
-released by stomach when distended... -satisfied feeling, decre…
in hypothalamus, it's neurons release NPY and AgRP. it has re…
gherlin
-made by stomach, increases hunger, appetite by stimulating N…
leptin
-made in fat, tells brain you're full, neg E balance ... -def or…
8 terms
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
Obesity
Diseases associated with obesity
Benefits of exercise on obesity
Central fat obesity
mental disorder or condition or being overweight due to exces…
hypertension ... heart disease ... type two diabetes
maximizes quality of life ... reduces risk of disease
...
Obesity
mental disorder or condition or being overweight due to exces…
Diseases associated with obesity
hypertension ... heart disease ... type two diabetes
158 terms
Path Endocrine, Obesity, Metabolic
Disease characterized by overgrowth of…
Autoimmune disease that is the most co…
Intermittent tonic spasm of the volunt…
A condition of primary adrenal insuffi…
Gigantism
Grave's Disease
Tetany
Addison's Disease
Disease characterized by overgrowth of…
Gigantism
Autoimmune disease that is the most co…
Grave's Disease
26 terms
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
definition of obesity
body mass index
prevalence of obesity
obesity and mortality risk
overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive f…
BMI = weight/ height^2 (kg/m^2)... BMI correlates with body fat…
common ... UK 26.9% adults are obese (2014)... prevalence is increa…
insert lec slide
definition of obesity
overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive f…
body mass index
BMI = weight/ height^2 (kg/m^2)... BMI correlates with body fat…
12 terms
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
Adipose tissue
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Obesity (especially visceral obesity)…
- Made up of specialized cells called adipocytes ... - Storage…
Increase in the size of the cells (more TAG's stored within)
Increase in the (#) amount of adipocytes (adipose tissue made…
- Cardiovascular disease (heart attack, stroke)... - Type II dia…
Adipose tissue
- Made up of specialized cells called adipocytes ... - Storage…
Hypertrophy
Increase in the size of the cells (more TAG's stored within)
20 terms
metabolic syndrome and obesity
appetite stimulating hormone
appetite inhibiting hormones
Pramlintide sites of action
pramlintide indication
ghrelin
leptin, insulin, PYY, GLP-1
CNS-promotes satiety... Liver-reduced hepatic glucose output... alp…
indicated for pt with type 1 or 2 DM who use mealtime insulin…
appetite stimulating hormone
ghrelin
appetite inhibiting hormones
leptin, insulin, PYY, GLP-1
68 terms
Diabetes Mellitus/Metabolic/Obesity
a chronic, systemic disorder character…
the disruption in metabolism is relate…
3 ways in which metabolic disruption o…
occurs if pancreas either does not sec…
diabetes
glucose
1. defect in insulin secretion... 2. defect in insulin action... 3.…
defect in insulin secretion
a chronic, systemic disorder character…
diabetes
the disruption in metabolism is relate…
glucose
54 terms
Obesity and metabolic health terms
Calorie
Proinflammatory cytokines
Visceral fat
Ectopic adiposity
the unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to rais…
-important in cell signaling but act to make diseases worse a…
intestinal, surrounds the organs of the midsection
-liver, pancreas, muscle, heart
Calorie
the unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to rais…
Proinflammatory cytokines
-important in cell signaling but act to make diseases worse a…
25 terms
obesity and metabolic syndrome
prevalence
body composition
two-component model
body comp measurements
2/3 adults overweight ... - BMI >25... 1/3 obese ... - BMI >30... 17% o…
technician requirements ... - trained, practice, have high relia…
fat component ... fat free component ... - bones, water, minerals,…
anthropometric... - circumference ... - skin fold ... densitometry ... -…
prevalence
2/3 adults overweight ... - BMI >25... 1/3 obese ... - BMI >30... 17% o…
body composition
technician requirements ... - trained, practice, have high relia…
25 terms
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
Overweight and Obesity
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
Metabolic Syndrome
Prediabetes
Overweight: > 25 kg/m2... Obesity >30 kg/m2... in children >85% for…
Development of obesity involves:... genetics and metabolic fact…
National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Pane…
based solely on plasma glucose... increased risk of developing D…
Overweight and Obesity
Overweight: > 25 kg/m2... Obesity >30 kg/m2... in children >85% for…
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
Development of obesity involves:... genetics and metabolic fact…
22 terms
Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome
Domain & Concept
Overnutrition
Obesity
Obesity Pathophys
Physiological -Those physical, biological, and chemical pro…
Worldwide transition to refined foods and increased intake of…
--Excess of adipose tissue... --One of the most prevalent preven…
o Excess calories stored as fat, triglycerides ... o Basal Metab…
Domain & Concept
Physiological -Those physical, biological, and chemical pro…
Overnutrition
Worldwide transition to refined foods and increased intake of…
36 terms
Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome
Definition: Metabolic Syndrome
Global Obesity vs US
Prevalence of Insulin Resistance
Components of Metabolic Syndrome
Central Obesity + Any 2 of: ... TGs over 150, HDL less than 40/5…
29/36 Countries Less Obese than US
5% of Normal Weight peeps;... 40% of Obese peeps DO NOT have it
Abdominal Obesity, Atherogenic Dyslipidemia, High BP, Insulin…
Definition: Metabolic Syndrome
Central Obesity + Any 2 of: ... TGs over 150, HDL less than 40/5…
Global Obesity vs US
29/36 Countries Less Obese than US
19 terms
Diabetes, Obesity, and Metabolic Syndrome
Type I diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Oral Glucose tolerance test
Fasting blood glucose test
insulin-dependent diabetes; hyperglycemia due to autoimmune a…
noninsulin-dependent diabetes; hyperglycemia due to insulin r…
tests proper functioning of insulin secretion; plasma glucose…
measure plasma glucose after 8 hours of no caloric intake
Type I diabetes
insulin-dependent diabetes; hyperglycemia due to autoimmune a…
Type 2 diabetes
noninsulin-dependent diabetes; hyperglycemia due to insulin r…
25 terms
Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity
Metabolic syndrome
Metabolic syndrome diagnosis
Obesity
Primary obesity-related comorbidities
- the name for a group of risk factors that raises your risk…
- location and distribution of fat around the abdomen (waist…
- an excessive accumulation of adipose tissue above what is c…
- CAD... - stroke... - T2DM... - certain types of cancer
Metabolic syndrome
- the name for a group of risk factors that raises your risk…
Metabolic syndrome diagnosis
- location and distribution of fat around the abdomen (waist…
20 terms
BMI, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity
BMI Categories
Underweight
Normal Weight
Overweight
Underweight... Normal Weight... Overweight... Obese
<18.5; <5th percentile
18.5-24.9: 5th to <84th percentile
25-29.9: 85th to <95th percentile
BMI Categories
Underweight... Normal Weight... Overweight... Obese
Underweight
<18.5; <5th percentile
108 terms
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
What is the definition of obesity ?
How to figure out a BMI ?
When are men at an increased risk for…
When does 70 % of obesity begin ?
overweight-an excessive fat accumulation that may impair health
weight(kg)divided by height 2 (m) height 2 (in) or weight (lb…
men->40 in waist circumference, women >35 in circum.
can begin in childhood but 70 % begins in adulthood
What is the definition of obesity ?
overweight-an excessive fat accumulation that may impair health
How to figure out a BMI ?
weight(kg)divided by height 2 (m) height 2 (in) or weight (lb…
17 terms
Obesity-Metabolic Syndrome
Obesity
Obesity Pathophysiology
Etiology
Risk Factors
Obesity occurs when excess calories are stored as fat... Most pr…
All body function requires energy... Excess energy (kcals)/nutri…
excess/decreased intake/enery expenditure... appeitite... GI Filli…
Heredity (25-40% of obesity)... Physical inactivity... Cultural fac…
Obesity
Obesity occurs when excess calories are stored as fat... Most pr…
Obesity Pathophysiology
All body function requires energy... Excess energy (kcals)/nutri…
93 terms
Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome
-measurment of whole body via an isoto…
BMI=
BMI= ... **
Healthy BMI
assesment of body fat
weight in kg*height in m^2
weight in lbsheigh in in.^2 703
18.5-25
-measurment of whole body via an isoto…
assesment of body fat
BMI=
weight in kg*height in m^2
54 terms
Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity
What are the criteria for metabolic sy…
No single documented cause has been fo…
What is the role of abdominal obesity?…
_____ adipocytes are more sensitive to…
High BP: >130/85 (or drug tx)... High triglycerides: >150 (or dr…
Abdominal obesity and Insulin resistance
Increases the mobilization of FFAs; lipolysis; cycle is that…
Abdominal; subcutaneous
What are the criteria for metabolic sy…
High BP: >130/85 (or drug tx)... High triglycerides: >150 (or dr…
No single documented cause has been fo…
Abdominal obesity and Insulin resistance
9 terms
Obesity and metabolic syndrome
Difference between obesity and metabol…
What influences insulin resistance?
What factors regulate adipocyte tissue…
What are the roles of leptin? Where is…
Obesity= higher energy intake than expenditure (sign of syndr…
Insulin receptor and glucose transport mutations (RARE), inac…
Insulin, cortisol and thyroxine control proliferation of prea…
Decreases appetite by stimulating anorexigenic neurones and i…
Difference between obesity and metabol…
Obesity= higher energy intake than expenditure (sign of syndr…
What influences insulin resistance?
Insulin receptor and glucose transport mutations (RARE), inac…
15 terms
fuel metabolism and obesity
The biochemical signals regulating fee…
overview of fuel metabolism and energy…
central signaling of appetite regulation
peripheral signaling of appetite regul…
...
- hypothalamus contains 2 major types of neurons that regulat…
1) Ghrelin : Synthesized and released in stomach --> binds to…
The biochemical signals regulating fee…
...
overview of fuel metabolism and energy…
35 terms
Metabolic syndrome, obesity
what is waist circumference?
what is the waist circumference for ma…
what is the waist circumference for fe…
what is Central adiposity?
it is the regional distribution of fat
male≥ 102cm
female≥ 88cm
strong association with metabolic and cardiovascular complica…
what is waist circumference?
it is the regional distribution of fat
what is the waist circumference for ma…
male≥ 102cm
19 terms
Obesity and metabolic syndrome
What are overeweight and obesity defin…
What are the mechanical consequences o…
What are the metablic consequences of…
What are the monetary and mental healt…
Abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk t…
OA... Obstructive sleep apnoea... Oesophageal reflux ... Obstetric com…
Metabolic syndrome... Type 2 diabetes... CV disease... Cancers (breast…
Mental health - body image, depression... Monetary - Employment…
What are overeweight and obesity defin…
Abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk t…
What are the mechanical consequences o…
OA... Obstructive sleep apnoea... Oesophageal reflux ... Obstetric com…
31 terms
Metabolic Syndrome & Obesity
What is metabolic syndrome?
What are the risk factors for metaboli…
What are the components of Metabolic S…
What are the diagnostic criteria for m…
-Group of risk factors that increase risk of T2DM and CVD
-Increased body weight... -Age... -Race (African American and hispa…
-Visceral obesity... -HTN... -Insulin resistance... -Low HDL... -High TG
-Waist Circumference: Men > 40in and Women > 35in... -Triglyceri…
What is metabolic syndrome?
-Group of risk factors that increase risk of T2DM and CVD
What are the risk factors for metaboli…
-Increased body weight... -Age... -Race (African American and hispa…
6203: Metabolic syndrome and obesity
suspected cause of metabolic syndrome
role of adipose tissue
atherogenic dyslipidemia
what increase in metabolic syndrome
insulin resistance... obesity
energy storage... secrete metabolitic active substances - adipok…
lipid triad:... elevated TGs... low HDL... small, dense LDL particles
insulin resistance... clotting... atherosclerosis... fat storage
suspected cause of metabolic syndrome
insulin resistance... obesity
role of adipose tissue
energy storage... secrete metabolitic active substances - adipok…
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
Reasons for poor satiety resonse
What type of food type causes poor sat…
What gene can cause poor satiety respo…
Which GI peptides cause poor satiety r…
1. food type... 2. genetics... 3. decrease GI peptide response... 4. d…
energy dense foods (high fat or refined sugars)
FTO gene
1. amylin... 2. leptin... 3. GLP-1... 4. PYY
Reasons for poor satiety resonse
1. food type... 2. genetics... 3. decrease GI peptide response... 4. d…
What type of food type causes poor sat…
energy dense foods (high fat or refined sugars)
26 terms
Adult Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome
How do we diagnose people as being ove…
WHat are advantages of BMI?
What would the BMI value be for someon…
What would the BMI value be for someon…
BMI... Body weight (kg)/ Height (m2)
Good measure for body fat. Does not account for bone size
<18.5
18.5-24.5
How do we diagnose people as being ove…
BMI... Body weight (kg)/ Height (m2)
WHat are advantages of BMI?
Good measure for body fat. Does not account for bone size
37 terms
Obesity, Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome
Components of the Metabolic Syndrome
Criteria for Diagnosis of Metabolc Syn…
Metabolic Syndrome
Obesity
- Obesity... - Hyperlipidemia... - Coronary artery disease... - Fatty…
- Central obesity (abdominal)... - Elevated triglycerides ... (>150…
Insulin resistant syndrome linked to obesity
BMI >30
Components of the Metabolic Syndrome
- Obesity... - Hyperlipidemia... - Coronary artery disease... - Fatty…
Criteria for Diagnosis of Metabolc Syn…
- Central obesity (abdominal)... - Elevated triglycerides ... (>150…
14 terms
obesity and the metabolic syndrome (1)
Health
Dimensions of Health
Physical Health
Factors of Physical Health
a dynamic process involved with achieving ones' potential
Physical, Social, Mental, Emotional, Spiritual, Environmental
Dimension of health focusing on the physical body and its' fu…
freedom from disease and disability, good physical fitness, p…
Health
a dynamic process involved with achieving ones' potential
Dimensions of Health
Physical, Social, Mental, Emotional, Spiritual, Environmental
10 terms
Adult Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
what is obesity based on BMI?
what is a high medical risk waist circ…
possible causes of obesity
what is metabolic syndrome?
30+
men >40 in /102 cm or women >35 in/88 cm
● Bottom Line: Calories in > Calories out.... ● Genetic interact…
Metabolic syndrome is a specific body phenotype of abdominal…
what is obesity based on BMI?
30+
what is a high medical risk waist circ…
men >40 in /102 cm or women >35 in/88 cm
16 terms
DCM - Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
How do you calculate BMI?
What are the BMI ranges for increased…
The "apple" shaped fat distribution af…
How does having an apple-shaped fat di…
kg/ m^2
25-30 - increased... 30-35 - high risk... 35-40 - very high... 40+ - e…
Asians -- high predictor of comorbidity.
You take their risk level and add one level.... Ex: very high >…
How do you calculate BMI?
kg/ m^2
What are the BMI ranges for increased…
25-30 - increased... 30-35 - high risk... 35-40 - very high... 40+ - e…
16 terms
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome - DCM
How do you calculate BMI?
What are the BMI ranges for increased…
The "apple" shaped fat distribution af…
How does having an apple-shaped fat di…
kg/ m^2
25-30 - increased... 30-35 - high risk... 35-40 - very high... 40+ - e…
Asians -- high predictor of comorbidity.
You take their risk level and add one level.... Ex: very high >…
How do you calculate BMI?
kg/ m^2
What are the BMI ranges for increased…
25-30 - increased... 30-35 - high risk... 35-40 - very high... 40+ - e…
20 terms
Obesity, Diabetes, and Metabolic Syndrome
Metabolic Syndrome
Conditions of metabolic syndrome
What BMI level is a determinant of obe…
In what BMI range is one considered ov…
A combination of conditions due to the fact that obesity is o…
-Obesity... -Hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol)... -CAD (angina-duri…
-greater than 30
-25-30
Metabolic Syndrome
A combination of conditions due to the fact that obesity is o…
Conditions of metabolic syndrome
-Obesity... -Hyperlipidemia (high cholesterol)... -CAD (angina-duri…
14 terms
22. Obesity and Metabolic syndrome
Where are the hunger and satiety centr…
What is ghrelin + function (3)
What are anorexigens? Name 6
Difference between satiation and satie…
Hypothalamus
Hormone released from stomach when empty... Powerful hypothalami…
Hormones that suppress hunger... CCK... Insulin... GLP-1... Peptide YY... So…
Satiation - couldn't eat another bite... Satiety - pleasant feel…
Where are the hunger and satiety centr…
Hypothalamus
What is ghrelin + function (3)
Hormone released from stomach when empty... Powerful hypothalami…
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