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Study sets matching "obesity"

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Study sets matching "obesity"

10 terms
Obesity
lecture
preventive medicine
cancer screening
fiber
information teacher tells you in class
ways to avoid diseases, like heart attacks and diabetes
testing to see if you have cancer
nutrient that helps body move food through intestines
lecture
information teacher tells you in class
preventive medicine
ways to avoid diseases, like heart attacks and diabetes
10 terms
Obesity
obese
takeaway
adopt
tax
very fat
a meal that you buy in a restaurant to eat at home
follow
money to the government
obese
very fat
takeaway
a meal that you buy in a restaurant to eat at home
12 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Children
$1,400
Childhood weight problems
One of the most serious threats to the health of the American…
Expected to live shorter lives than their parents.
It takes about this much more annually in health care costs t…
Lead to complications such as elevated blood pressure and cho…
Obesity
One of the most serious threats to the health of the American…
Children
Expected to live shorter lives than their parents.
14 terms
Obesity
Obésité
un mollasson
télécommande
en surpoids
obesity
a couch potato
a remote control
overweight
Obésité
obesity
un mollasson
a couch potato
11 terms
Obesity
What is Obesity?
What causes Obesity?
What causes obesity summary?
What are the main symptoms of obesity?
An accumulation of body fat.
Eating more calories than you burn off will cause the unused…
Lack of physical activity... Eating too many calories... Lifestyle…
Breathlessness... Increased sweating... Back and joint pains... Snorin…
What is Obesity?
An accumulation of body fat.
What causes Obesity?
Eating more calories than you burn off will cause the unused…
28 terms
Obesity
Evidence of an Obesity Epidemic
Cardiovascular Consequences of Obesity
Other Consequences of Obesity
Obesity (a definition)
1. pre-1980, fewer than 1 in 10 were obese; now, rates have d…
• elevated blood pressure... • abnormal blood lipids... • elevated…
• liver disease... • respiratory disease... • mental health problem…
unhealthy excess of adipose tissue, based on selected measure…
Evidence of an Obesity Epidemic
1. pre-1980, fewer than 1 in 10 were obese; now, rates have d…
Cardiovascular Consequences of Obesity
• elevated blood pressure... • abnormal blood lipids... • elevated…
44 terms
Obesity
quantify obesity
why do we need muscle?
we're going to talk about gut hormones
CCK
Female: >32% body fat... Male: >25% body fat
quantify obesity
Female: >32% body fat... Male: >25% body fat
why do we need muscle?
12 terms
Obesity
obese
obesity
overweight
death
...
...
...
...
obese
...
obesity
...
66 terms
OBESITY
stoutness
surfeit
corpulent man
paunch
полнота
переедание
толстяк
пузо
stoutness
полнота
surfeit
переедание
35 terms
Obesity
obesity
committee
hazard
overweight
سمنه
لجنه
خطر
بَدين
obesity
سمنه
committee
لجنه
23 terms
Obesity
obese
clumsy
Chronic
takeaway
very fat
(adj) moving carelessly
Continuing for a long time
a meal that you buy in a restaurant to eat at home
obese
very fat
clumsy
(adj) moving carelessly
Obesity
Obesity
BMI
Children 2 -18years
Waist circumference
Excess of body fatness to the extent that it affects health o…
One way to measure body fat. weight (kg)/ height (m)2. Overwe…
Most children with a low body fat % have a low BMI. Children…
Measures of intra-abdominal fat and associated with disease r…
Obesity
Excess of body fatness to the extent that it affects health o…
BMI
One way to measure body fat. weight (kg)/ height (m)2. Overwe…
30 terms
Obesity
Weight for height
Weight for Height Measures
Body composition
Methods to Measure Body Fat %
life insurance...ideal weights
dexascanner...xray technology
skinfolds r less accurate that underwater weighing....bia mea…
Weight for height
Weight for Height Measures
life insurance...ideal weights
112 terms
Obesity
cartoonist
sofa, couch
couch potato
medal
dessinateur
canapé
mollasson, larve (qui passe son temps dans le canapé)
médaille
cartoonist
dessinateur
sofa, couch
canapé
15 terms
Obesity
Obesity
BMI (Body Mass Index)
Health Consequences in Adults
Health Consequences In Children
Chronic disease characterized by an accumulation of fat defin…
A person's weight in kilograms (kg) divided by his or her hei…
CVD, Type 2 diabetes, Hypertension, Certain cancers, Osteoart…
Insulin resistance, Hypertension (high bp), High LDL, Lower b…
Obesity
Chronic disease characterized by an accumulation of fat defin…
BMI (Body Mass Index)
A person's weight in kilograms (kg) divided by his or her hei…
13 terms
Obesity
thermic affect of food
overweight
obese
body mass index (BMI)
the energy needed to digest, absorb, and metabolize nutrients…
excess weight for a given height
excess body fat
a measure of body fat whereby a person's body weight is divid…
thermic affect of food
the energy needed to digest, absorb, and metabolize nutrients…
overweight
excess weight for a given height
15 terms
obesity
leptin and others overview
ghrelin
secretory hormones
pyy
leptin and others overview
ghrelin
15 terms
Obesity
Obesity
A leading health indicator used to mea…
What are some problems that occur with…
Mild obesity
not merely a condition; ... rather, it is a metabolic disease t…
Overweight and obesity
1. Asthma... 2. Cancer... 3. Stroke 3. Gall bladder probs... 4. Chroni…
BMI 25 -30
Obesity
not merely a condition; ... rather, it is a metabolic disease t…
A leading health indicator used to mea…
Overweight and obesity
10 terms
obesity
complications of obesity
central obesity
obesity and genetics
reversible causes of weight gain
-metabolic syndrome(type2 DM,hypertension,hyperlipidemia)... -->…
-due to increased intraabdominal fat... -more in men... -a/w type 2…
genes account for <5% of variation in body weight
-hypothyroidism... -cushing... -insulinoma... -hypothalamic tumours/in…
complications of obesity
-metabolic syndrome(type2 DM,hypertension,hyperlipidemia)... -->…
central obesity
-due to increased intraabdominal fat... -more in men... -a/w type 2…
11 terms
Obesity
Xenical
Phentermine
Phentermine-Topiramate ER
Larcuserin
Obesity drug
Stimulant anorexic ... "Amine drug"... Sns stimulating properties... S…
Stimulant anorexic... Topiramate adds additional anorectic mecha…
Serotonin HTC-2 agonist... Activates production of brain chemica…
Xenical
Obesity drug
Phentermine
Stimulant anorexic ... "Amine drug"... Sns stimulating properties... S…
34 terms
Obesity
BMI
Metabolic syndrome
ectopic fat
obesity
Weight in kg / height in m squared
A syndrome marked by the presence of 3+ factors (high BP, abd…
lipids stored not for fat storage (heart, pancreas, liver)
excess fat condition, BMI ≥ 30kg.m2 or waist girth >102cm (40…
BMI
Weight in kg / height in m squared
Metabolic syndrome
A syndrome marked by the presence of 3+ factors (high BP, abd…
18 terms
obesity
Understand the potential etiologies of…
BMI
heritability of obesity
environmental component of obesity
...
- weight (kg)/height (m^2)... - underweight < 18.5... - overweight…
- there are many "obesity-related" genes... - GWAS have been use…
- present day factors : western diet/fast food; sedentary lif…
Understand the potential etiologies of…
...
BMI
- weight (kg)/height (m^2)... - underweight < 18.5... - overweight…
35 terms
Obesity
About __/__ of U.S. adults are overwei…
About __/__ of U.S. children are overw…
In 1960, about ____% of U.S. adults we…
Underweight affects less than __% of a…
2/3
1/3
13%; 69%
2%
About __/__ of U.S. adults are overwei…
2/3
About __/__ of U.S. children are overw…
1/3
12 terms
Obesity
What is obesity?
Biological causes of obesity
Physical causes of obesity
Economic causes of obesity
Being grossly overweight, typically defined by a BMI of 30+
- Genetics making some people more likely to store more fat o…
- Urban environments will have more people taking public tran…
- Fast food is cheaper therefore lower income families will e…
What is obesity?
Being grossly overweight, typically defined by a BMI of 30+
Biological causes of obesity
- Genetics making some people more likely to store more fat o…
13 terms
Obesity
Thermic Effect Of food
Overweight
Obese
Body Mass Index (MNI)
The expenditure of energy to digest, absorb, and metabolize n…
Excess weight for a given height
Excess body fat
A measure of body fat whereby a person's body weight is divid…
Thermic Effect Of food
The expenditure of energy to digest, absorb, and metabolize n…
Overweight
Excess weight for a given height
20 terms
Obesity
enthalten
verbessern
Gesundheit
Wahlmöglichkeit
to contain
to improve
health
option
enthalten
to contain
verbessern
to improve
30 terms
Obesity
Orlistat: MOA
Orlistat: CI
Orlistat: ADR
Orlistat: DDI
Inhibition of intestinal lipase --> decreased dietaray fat ab…
cholestasis, chronic malabsorption syndrome, pregnancy
Abdominal pain, flatulence, fecal urgency, fecal incontinence
Decreased absorption of fat-soluble vitamins; cyclosporine, l…
Orlistat: MOA
Inhibition of intestinal lipase --> decreased dietaray fat ab…
Orlistat: CI
cholestasis, chronic malabsorption syndrome, pregnancy
39 terms
Obesity
Overweight and Obesity
Classification Systems to Measure Obes…
Normal Weight
Overweight
A medical condition in which excess body... fat has accumulated…
BMI... WHR
18.5-24.9
25-29.9
Overweight and Obesity
A medical condition in which excess body... fat has accumulated…
Classification Systems to Measure Obes…
BMI... WHR
94 terms
Obesity
BMI
Underweight BMI
Normal weight
Overweight
kg/m2...or... (lb/in2) X 703
<18.5
18.5-24.9
25-29.9
BMI
kg/m2...or... (lb/in2) X 703
Underweight BMI
<18.5
19 terms
Obesity
what is obesity
standard mesuring tool
Classification BMI in adults
Classification BMI in children
multifactorial disease with physical, psychological, and soci…
BMI
Underweight < 18.5 ... Normal weight 18.5 to 24.9 ... Overweight 25…
Underweight < than the fifth percentile ... Healthy weight Fifth…
what is obesity
multifactorial disease with physical, psychological, and soci…
standard mesuring tool
BMI
10 terms
Obesity
BMI calculation
BMI ranges
Pentermine/Topirmate
Lorcaserin
wt/ht^2 *703
NE, dec. GI motility; -10kg, C-IV, No prego, REMS, paresthesia
-5kg, risk serotonin syndrome, no prego, 10 mg BID,
BMI calculation
wt/ht^2 *703
BMI ranges
95 terms
Obesity
If you have one parent who is obese it…
If you have 2 parents who are obese it…
If your weight is greater than 10% of…
Obesity refers to...
increases risk by 60%
increases risk by 80%
considered overweight
An excessive amount of body fat when compared with lean body…
If you have one parent who is obese it…
increases risk by 60%
If you have 2 parents who are obese it…
increases risk by 80%
46 terms
Obesity
Bliss point
Fat Acceptance Movement (FAM)
Sedentary
Hedonism
Food is engineered to be maximally desirable and addictive -…
This social movement attempts to protect the civil rights of…
A lifestyle that leans towards inactivity and passivity, thus…
The notion that what motivates an organism - such as a human…
Bliss point
Food is engineered to be maximally desirable and addictive -…
Fat Acceptance Movement (FAM)
This social movement attempts to protect the civil rights of…
32 terms
Obesity
Obesity Defintion
Obesity Assessment
BMI Classification
Obesity Diagnosis
Disorder of excess body fat accumulation to an extent that he…
BMI - kg/m²... ≥ 30kg/m²
<20... Underweight ... >20-25... Healthy ... >25-30... Overweight…
BMI ... % ideal body weight... Current/Ideal x100... Obese >120%
Obesity Defintion
Disorder of excess body fat accumulation to an extent that he…
Obesity Assessment
BMI - kg/m²... ≥ 30kg/m²
14 terms
Obesity
to be inherent
a metabolism
to be drastic
discouragement
Existing in something as a permanent, essential, or character…
The chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
radical and extreme:
a loss of confidence or enthusiasm
to be inherent
Existing in something as a permanent, essential, or character…
a metabolism
The chemical processes that occur within a living organism in…
17 terms
Obesity
Risk Factors:
What causes those with obesity more we…
Central Obesity:
Lab Studies
Lifestyle... Sendentary ... Increased calories... Medication... Insulin... S…
When they go on to Insulin* once go onit they start to gain w…
Apple vs pear shaped
Thyroid Function (TSH): Tsh: metabolism if up = Hypothyroidis…
Risk Factors:
Lifestyle... Sendentary ... Increased calories... Medication... Insulin... S…
What causes those with obesity more we…
When they go on to Insulin* once go onit they start to gain w…
21 terms
Obesity
Obesity
To be obese
Unhealthy
Waist
overvekt
å være overvektig
usunn
midje
Obesity
overvekt
To be obese
å være overvektig
30 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Body Mass Index
Caloric Imbalance
Energy-requiring steps to extract usef…
having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean bod…
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her height
Excess fuel over energy expenditure
- Grinding of teeth... - Salivary enzymes... - Stomach acid... - Intes…
Obesity
having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean bod…
Body Mass Index
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her height
105 terms
Obesity
underweight BMI... normal BMI range... Overw…
what are the two main parameters used…
T/F self-reported obesity has gotten m…
T/F adults that graduate college are l…
<18.5... 18.5-24.9... 25-29.9... >=30
Waist circumference... BMI
T (more than half of the states now report >35%)
T
underweight BMI... normal BMI range... Overw…
<18.5... 18.5-24.9... 25-29.9... >=30
what are the two main parameters used…
Waist circumference... BMI
17 terms
Obesity
Four indications of obesity
Obesity BMI Classification
Three disease states where BMI does no…
Genetic Syndromes associated with obes…
• malnutrition ... • elevated C-reactive protein signifying chro…
• underweight: <18.5... • normal: 18.5-24.9... • overweight: 25-25.…
• acute decompensated HF ... • chronic renal failure ... • osteopor…
• Prader Willis... • Bardet Biedl... • Borieson Forssman... • Downs
Four indications of obesity
• malnutrition ... • elevated C-reactive protein signifying chro…
Obesity BMI Classification
• underweight: <18.5... • normal: 18.5-24.9... • overweight: 25-25.…
54 terms
Obesity
BMI Calculation
BMI classes
Waist circumference
Weight-related complications (WRCs)
[ weight (in lbs)/height^2 (in inches) ] x 703
Desirable 18.5-24.9 ... Overweight 25-29.9 ... Obesity... Class I 30-3…
Men ≥ 40 inches... (102 cm)... Women ≥ 35 inches... (88 cm)
1. Metabolic syndrome... 2. Prediabetes... 3. Type 2 diabetes... 4. Dy…
BMI Calculation
[ weight (in lbs)/height^2 (in inches) ] x 703
BMI classes
Desirable 18.5-24.9 ... Overweight 25-29.9 ... Obesity... Class I 30-3…
20 terms
obesity
s'alimenter avec des produits bon marché
intensifier les efforts pour ...
accuser le fast-food
le taux d'obésité ne fait que grimper
to eat cheap food
to try harder to ....
to blame fast food
more and more people are obese
s'alimenter avec des produits bon marché
to eat cheap food
intensifier les efforts pour ...
to try harder to ....
17 terms
Obesity
Risk Factors:
What causes those with obesity more we…
Central Obesity:
Lab Studies
Lifestyle... Sendentary ... Increased calories... Medication... Insulin... S…
When they go on to Insulin* once go onit they start to gain w…
Apple vs pear shaped
Thyroid Function (TSH): Tsh: metabolism if up = Hypothyroidis…
Risk Factors:
Lifestyle... Sendentary ... Increased calories... Medication... Insulin... S…
What causes those with obesity more we…
When they go on to Insulin* once go onit they start to gain w…
111 terms
obesity
BMI underweight, preobese, obese I, II…
what is overweight % body fat for men…
what is obese waist circumf for men an…
what ethnic group has highest cvd risk…
woman: >30%... men: >25%
men: >35-40"... women: >31-35"
BMI underweight, preobese, obese I, II…
what is overweight % body fat for men…
woman: >30%... men: >25%
47 terms
obesity
Obsiety qualifications
BMI
OVERWEIGHT
obese
BMI> or equal to 30
-ACCEPTABLE BODY MASS INDEX
the bodyweight that exceeds that recommended guidelines for g…
the bodyweight that greatly exceeds the recommended guideline…
Obsiety qualifications
BMI> or equal to 30
BMI
-ACCEPTABLE BODY MASS INDEX
50 terms
Obesity
How fat is America?
What parameters are used to diagnose o…
What parameters are used to diagnose o…
Underweight
So fat (2014).
BMI
Percentiles (that were set in the 70s and are outdated)
Adults: BMI>18.5... Children: <5th percentile
How fat is America?
So fat (2014).
What parameters are used to diagnose o…
BMI
30 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Body Mass Index
Caloric Imbalance
Energy-requiring steps to extract usef…
having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean bod…
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her height
Excess fuel over energy expenditure
- Grinding of teeth... - Salivary enzymes... - Stomach acid... - Intes…
Obesity
having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean bod…
Body Mass Index
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her height
49 terms
Obesity
What is obesity?
What causes obesity?
What are the effects of increased adip…
What are the population observations f…
a disorder of the body weight regulatory systems; characteriz…
sedentary lifestyle; availability of diverse, tasty, inexpens…
increased risk of developing--arthritis, diabetes, hypertensi…
3 fold risk over 2 decades in child and adolescent obesity; l…
What is obesity?
a disorder of the body weight regulatory systems; characteriz…
What causes obesity?
sedentary lifestyle; availability of diverse, tasty, inexpens…
Obesity
Increased BMI leads to increased _____…
Increases in obesity and ______ run pr…
With increased BMI, we have an increas…
Who is more prone to development of Ty…
Mortality
diabetes
Type II Diabetes Mellitus
Women
Increased BMI leads to increased _____…
Mortality
Increases in obesity and ______ run pr…
diabetes
9 terms
Obesity
causes
genetics
enviornment
complications
eat more than expended... -genetic and enivornmental
hereibity bmi 40%-70%... -likely a person is to gain or lose... -wh…
type of food eating-fast food?... -soft drinks... portion size at r…
increased risk during and after sugery
causes
eat more than expended... -genetic and enivornmental
genetics
hereibity bmi 40%-70%... -likely a person is to gain or lose... -wh…
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