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Study sets matching "obesity"

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Study sets matching "obesity"

10 terms
Obesity
obese
takeaway
adopt
tax
very fat
a meal that you buy in a restaurant to eat at home
follow
money to the government
obese
very fat
takeaway
a meal that you buy in a restaurant to eat at home
12 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Children
$1,400
Childhood weight problems
One of the most serious threats to the health of the American…
Expected to live shorter lives than their parents.
It takes about this much more annually in health care costs t…
Lead to complications such as elevated blood pressure and cho…
Obesity
One of the most serious threats to the health of the American…
Children
Expected to live shorter lives than their parents.
14 terms
Obesity
Obésité
un mollasson
télécommande
en surpoids
obesity
a couch potato
a remote control
overweight
Obésité
obesity
un mollasson
a couch potato
28 terms
Obesity
Evidence of an Obesity Epidemic
Cardiovascular Consequences of Obesity
Other Consequences of Obesity
Obesity (a definition)
1. pre-1980, fewer than 1 in 10 were obese; now, rates have d…
• elevated blood pressure... • abnormal blood lipids... • elevated…
• liver disease... • respiratory disease... • mental health problem…
unhealthy excess of adipose tissue, based on selected measure…
Evidence of an Obesity Epidemic
1. pre-1980, fewer than 1 in 10 were obese; now, rates have d…
Cardiovascular Consequences of Obesity
• elevated blood pressure... • abnormal blood lipids... • elevated…
44 terms
Obesity
quantify obesity
why do we need muscle?
we're going to talk about gut hormones
CCK
Female: >32% body fat... Male: >25% body fat
quantify obesity
Female: >32% body fat... Male: >25% body fat
why do we need muscle?
66 terms
OBESITY
stoutness
surfeit
corpulent man
paunch
полнота
переедание
толстяк
пузо
stoutness
полнота
surfeit
переедание
15 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Causes of obesity
Health problems
Reducing calorie intake
Brieng get over 20% of weight for your height
Too any calories and lack of exercise
Diabetes, heart disease, varicose veins, high blood pressure…
Choose low fat dairy products
Obesity
Brieng get over 20% of weight for your height
Causes of obesity
Too any calories and lack of exercise
15 terms
Obesity
Obesity
BMI (Body Mass Index)
Health Consequences in Adults
Health Consequences In Children
Chronic disease characterized by an accumulation of fat defin…
A person's weight in kilograms (kg) divided by his or her hei…
CVD, Type 2 diabetes, Hypertension, Certain cancers, Osteoart…
Insulin resistance, Hypertension (high bp), High LDL, Lower b…
Obesity
Chronic disease characterized by an accumulation of fat defin…
BMI (Body Mass Index)
A person's weight in kilograms (kg) divided by his or her hei…
23 terms
Obesity
obese
clumsy
Chronic
takeaway
very fat
(adj) moving carelessly
Continuing for a long time
a meal that you buy in a restaurant to eat at home
obese
very fat
clumsy
(adj) moving carelessly
30 terms
Obesity
Weight for height
Weight for Height Measures
Body composition
Methods to Measure Body Fat %
life insurance...ideal weights
dexascanner...xray technology
skinfolds r less accurate that underwater weighing....bia mea…
Weight for height
Weight for Height Measures
life insurance...ideal weights
10 terms
Obesity
Diseases that affect adults
Insulin
Ghrelin
Leptin
- Cancer, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and dia…
Secreted by pancreas in response to increased blood glucose l…
- increases food intake and decreases metabolism & fat use (p…
- Produced primarily by adipocytes (fat cells)... - Functions as…
Diseases that affect adults
- Cancer, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and dia…
Insulin
Secreted by pancreas in response to increased blood glucose l…
15 terms
obesity
leptin and others overview
ghrelin
secretory hormones
pyy
leptin and others overview
ghrelin
11 terms
Obesity
Xenical
Phentermine
Phentermine-Topiramate ER
Larcuserin
Obesity drug
Stimulant anorexic ... "Amine drug"... Sns stimulating properties... S…
Stimulant anorexic... Topiramate adds additional anorectic mecha…
Serotonin HTC-2 agonist... Activates production of brain chemica…
Xenical
Obesity drug
Phentermine
Stimulant anorexic ... "Amine drug"... Sns stimulating properties... S…
34 terms
Obesity
BMI
Metabolic syndrome
ectopic fat
obesity
Weight in kg / height in m squared
A syndrome marked by the presence of 3+ factors (high BP, abd…
lipids stored not for fat storage (heart, pancreas, liver)
excess fat condition, BMI ≥ 30kg.m2 or waist girth >102cm (40…
BMI
Weight in kg / height in m squared
Metabolic syndrome
A syndrome marked by the presence of 3+ factors (high BP, abd…
18 terms
obesity
Understand the potential etiologies of…
BMI
heritability of obesity
environmental component of obesity
...
- weight (kg)/height (m^2)... - underweight < 18.5... - overweight…
- there are many "obesity-related" genes... - GWAS have been use…
- present day factors : western diet/fast food; sedentary lif…
Understand the potential etiologies of…
...
BMI
- weight (kg)/height (m^2)... - underweight < 18.5... - overweight…
15 terms
Obesity
Obesity
A leading health indicator used to mea…
What are some problems that occur with…
Mild obesity
not merely a condition; ... rather, it is a metabolic disease t…
Overweight and obesity
1. Asthma... 2. Cancer... 3. Stroke 3. Gall bladder probs... 4. Chroni…
BMI 25 -30
Obesity
not merely a condition; ... rather, it is a metabolic disease t…
A leading health indicator used to mea…
Overweight and obesity
35 terms
Obesity
About __/__ of U.S. adults are overwei…
About __/__ of U.S. children are overw…
In 1960, about ____% of U.S. adults we…
Underweight affects less than __% of a…
2/3
1/3
13%; 69%
2%
About __/__ of U.S. adults are overwei…
2/3
About __/__ of U.S. children are overw…
1/3
12 terms
Obesity
What is obesity?
Biological causes of obesity
Physical causes of obesity
Economic causes of obesity
Being grossly overweight, typically defined by a BMI of 30+
- Genetics making some people more likely to store more fat o…
- Urban environments will have more people taking public tran…
- Fast food is cheaper therefore lower income families will e…
What is obesity?
Being grossly overweight, typically defined by a BMI of 30+
Biological causes of obesity
- Genetics making some people more likely to store more fat o…
10 terms
Obesity
BMI calculation
BMI ranges
Pentermine/Topirmate
Lorcaserin
wt/ht^2 *703
NE, dec. GI motility; -10kg, C-IV, No prego, REMS, paresthesia
-5kg, risk serotonin syndrome, no prego, 10 mg BID,
BMI calculation
wt/ht^2 *703
BMI ranges
95 terms
Obesity
If you have one parent who is obese it…
If you have 2 parents who are obese it…
If your weight is greater than 10% of…
Obesity refers to...
increases risk by 60%
increases risk by 80%
considered overweight
An excessive amount of body fat when compared with lean body…
If you have one parent who is obese it…
increases risk by 60%
If you have 2 parents who are obese it…
increases risk by 80%
32 terms
Obesity
Obesity Defintion
Obesity Assessment
BMI Classification
Obesity Diagnosis
Disorder of excess body fat accumulation to an extent that he…
BMI - kg/m²... ≥ 30kg/m²
<20... Underweight ... >20-25... Healthy ... >25-30... Overweight…
BMI ... % ideal body weight... Current/Ideal x100... Obese >120%
Obesity Defintion
Disorder of excess body fat accumulation to an extent that he…
Obesity Assessment
BMI - kg/m²... ≥ 30kg/m²
17 terms
Obesity
Risk Factors:
What causes those with obesity more we…
Central Obesity:
Lab Studies
Lifestyle... Sendentary ... Increased calories... Medication... Insulin... S…
When they go on to Insulin* once go onit they start to gain w…
Apple vs pear shaped
Thyroid Function (TSH): Tsh: metabolism if up = Hypothyroidis…
Risk Factors:
Lifestyle... Sendentary ... Increased calories... Medication... Insulin... S…
What causes those with obesity more we…
When they go on to Insulin* once go onit they start to gain w…
30 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Body Mass Index
Caloric Imbalance
Energy-requiring steps to extract usef…
having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean bod…
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her height
Excess fuel over energy expenditure
- Grinding of teeth... - Salivary enzymes... - Stomach acid... - Intes…
Obesity
having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean bod…
Body Mass Index
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her height
17 terms
Obesity
Risk Factors:
What causes those with obesity more we…
Central Obesity:
Lab Studies
Lifestyle... Sendentary ... Increased calories... Medication... Insulin... S…
When they go on to Insulin* once go onit they start to gain w…
Apple vs pear shaped
Thyroid Function (TSH): Tsh: metabolism if up = Hypothyroidis…
Risk Factors:
Lifestyle... Sendentary ... Increased calories... Medication... Insulin... S…
What causes those with obesity more we…
When they go on to Insulin* once go onit they start to gain w…
111 terms
obesity
BMI underweight, preobese, obese I, II…
what is overweight % body fat for men…
what is obese waist circumf for men an…
what ethnic group has highest cvd risk…
woman: >30%... men: >25%
men: >35-40"... women: >31-35"
BMI underweight, preobese, obese I, II…
what is overweight % body fat for men…
woman: >30%... men: >25%
30 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Body Mass Index
Caloric Imbalance
Energy-requiring steps to extract usef…
having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean bod…
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her height
Excess fuel over energy expenditure
- Grinding of teeth... - Salivary enzymes... - Stomach acid... - Intes…
Obesity
having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean bod…
Body Mass Index
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her height
50 terms
Obesity
How fat is America?
What parameters are used to diagnose o…
What parameters are used to diagnose o…
Underweight
So fat (2014).
BMI
Percentiles (that were set in the 70s and are outdated)
Adults: BMI>18.5... Children: <5th percentile
How fat is America?
So fat (2014).
What parameters are used to diagnose o…
BMI
10 terms
Obesity
where is fat stored?
Adiponectin
Subcutaneous VS Visceral Fat Risks
Obesity is duo to?
1- Subcutaneous (e.g. femoral-gluteal) 80% -> less severe, no…
Released by adipocytes (which are endocrine cells) to dec. bl…
-Visceral FFA gets depleted in the portal vain accumulate in…
1- inc. adipocyte size (hypertrophy) ... 2- inc. proliferation o…
where is fat stored?
1- Subcutaneous (e.g. femoral-gluteal) 80% -> less severe, no…
Adiponectin
Released by adipocytes (which are endocrine cells) to dec. bl…
33 terms
Obesity
Define Obesity.
How do you calculate BMI
What are the BMI boundaries for normal…
Why do we use waist circumference for…
Abnormal or excessive fat accumulation sufficient to adversel…
weight (kg) / height ^2 (m)
normal :18.5 to 24.9... overweight: 25-29.9... obese: 30 or great…
Helps distinguish obese from muscular people
Define Obesity.
Abnormal or excessive fat accumulation sufficient to adversel…
How do you calculate BMI
weight (kg) / height ^2 (m)
44 terms
Obesity
quantify obesity
why do we need muscle?
we're going to talk about gut hormones
CCK
Female: >32% body fat... Male: >25% body fat
quantify obesity
Female: >32% body fat... Male: >25% body fat
why do we need muscle?
32 terms
Obesity
obesity
underweight
Normal weight
Overweight
Complex disorder involving excess body... weight beyond the body…
BMI of < 18.5
BMI of 18.5-24.9
BMI of 25.0 to 29.9
obesity
Complex disorder involving excess body... weight beyond the body…
underweight
BMI of < 18.5
9 terms
Obesity
What is obesity?
What causes obesity?
Explain a metabolic rate
Dietary advice to reduce obesity
- Abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair heal…
- Commonly results from someone consuming more energy that ne…
- The rate at which your body burns off calories from food an…
- Avoid sugary/ fatty foods, replace with fruit and veg... - Eat…
What is obesity?
- Abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair heal…
What causes obesity?
- Commonly results from someone consuming more energy that ne…
42 terms
Obesity
What is Obesity?
What are some associated health condit…
Equation for BMI
Shortcoming of BMI?
A condition of excessive body fat
Hypertension... Coronary artery disease... Diabetes mellitus... Obstru…
BMI= Body weight (kg)/ Height^2 (m)
It cannot determine overweight vs Overfat ... (ex: Shaq is obese…
What is Obesity?
A condition of excessive body fat
What are some associated health condit…
Hypertension... Coronary artery disease... Diabetes mellitus... Obstru…
17 terms
Obesity
Define obesity - how can we determine…
What is the prevalence of obesity in t…
What are the 2 main lifestyle factors…
Explain why diabetes medicines = assoc…
Abnormal/excessive fat accumulation which is sufficient to ad…
In EU, average prevalence of obesity = 14%... In UK 65% of adul…
1. Low income - determines diet... 2. Obesogenic enviroment: ... a…
INSULIN MAKES YOU FAT - promotes lipogenesis, glycogenesis, g…
Define obesity - how can we determine…
Abnormal/excessive fat accumulation which is sufficient to ad…
What is the prevalence of obesity in t…
In EU, average prevalence of obesity = 14%... In UK 65% of adul…
40 terms
Obesity
define obesity
BMI of morbidly obese
how do you calculate BMI?
why might you use waist circumference…
abnormal or excessive fat accumulation sufficient to adversel…
>40
muscle weighs more than fat and so BMI can wrongly indicate o…
define obesity
abnormal or excessive fat accumulation sufficient to adversel…
BMI of morbidly obese
>40
8 terms
Obesity
What is obesity?
What is the normal BMI range
What is the range for a pre-obese indi…
What is the range for obesity class I?
Excess adipose tissue.... Measured and defined mainly by BMI... Com…
18.5 -24.9
25.0-29.9
30.0-34.9
What is obesity?
Excess adipose tissue.... Measured and defined mainly by BMI... Com…
What is the normal BMI range
18.5 -24.9
15 terms
OBESITY
What is the CRITERIA FOR OBESITY MEDIC…
CASE... - 45 yo F , PMH HTN, obesity (B…
SYMPATHOMIMETIC Drugs... all contain th…
Scenario 2: SD is a 28 yo FEMALE - no…
BMI>30 or BMI>27 with comorbid condition)... - if BMI>40, they a…
DO NOT GIVE sympathomimetics (phentermine, benzphetamine, d…
b-phenylethylamine nuleus
Phentermine + topiramate (Qsymia¥ )* ... - baseline negative p…
What is the CRITERIA FOR OBESITY MEDIC…
BMI>30 or BMI>27 with comorbid condition)... - if BMI>40, they a…
CASE... - 45 yo F , PMH HTN, obesity (B…
DO NOT GIVE sympathomimetics (phentermine, benzphetamine, d…
12 terms
Obesity
How to calculate BMI
Normal BMI values
Android obesity
Gynoid obesity
weightkg/(height,m)^2
the good years, multiply by 703 if using inches and lbs
Waist/hip >.8 for women > 1 for men. Apple. FFA go to portal,…
waist/hip < .8 for women <1 for men
How to calculate BMI
weightkg/(height,m)^2
Normal BMI values
the good years, multiply by 703 if using inches and lbs
63 terms
Obesity Exam 1
BMI Underweight
BMI Normal or Healthy
BMI Overweight
BMI Obese
less than or equal to 18.5
18.5-24.9
25-29.9
greater than or equal to 30
BMI Underweight
less than or equal to 18.5
BMI Normal or Healthy
18.5-24.9
36 terms
Overweight and obesity
overweight
obesity
to be obese
lack of
Übergewicht... übergewichtig
Fettleibigkeit
übergewichtig sein
Mangel an
overweight
Übergewicht... übergewichtig
obesity
Fettleibigkeit
21 terms
Obesity vocabulary
obesity
obese
lifespan
homicide
(noun) the ​fact of being ​extremely ​fat, in a way that is ​…
(adjective) extremely ​fat in a way that is ​dangerous for ​h…
The length of time that the person lives; from the time a per…
(n.) the killing of one person by another
obesity
(noun) the ​fact of being ​extremely ​fat, in a way that is ​…
obese
(adjective) extremely ​fat in a way that is ​dangerous for ​h…
12 terms
obesity Mgt
Bupropion + naltrexone
Liraglutide
Lorcaserin
Orlistat
Contrave ... B - Antidepressant; inhibits (weakly) neuronal reup…
Saxenda ... Glucagon like peptide-1 receptor agonist; delays gas…
Belviq ... Serotonin 2C receptor agonist; increases satiety and…
Alli, Xenical ... Lipase inhibitor; reduces the absorption of di…
Bupropion + naltrexone
Contrave ... B - Antidepressant; inhibits (weakly) neuronal reup…
Liraglutide
Saxenda ... Glucagon like peptide-1 receptor agonist; delays gas…
44 terms
Final - Obesity
Obesity
Functional definition of Obestiy
Underweight
Normal
-excess body fat... -consuming more energy than expended... -BMI at…
-% body fat at which disease risk increases... -average American…
BMI less than 18.5
BMI 18.5-24.9
Obesity
-excess body fat... -consuming more energy than expended... -BMI at…
Functional definition of Obestiy
-% body fat at which disease risk increases... -average American…
11 terms
Therapy- Obesity
Which medications are known to cause o…
What is the formula for BMI?
What is an underweight BMI?
What is a normal BMI?
Glucocorticoids, insulin, sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones,…
Weight (kg)/Height (m²)
<18.5
18.5-24.9
Which medications are known to cause o…
Glucocorticoids, insulin, sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones,…
What is the formula for BMI?
Weight (kg)/Height (m²)
23 terms
(END) Obesity
causes of obesity
Obesogenic enviroment
Genetic background
Mutation of leptin receptor (as seen i…
-increased palatability... -decreased physical activity... -geneti…
-sedentarism... -high palatable meals that do not satiate in pro…
-monogenetic obesity (leptin)... -polygenic obesity (several gen…
-normal sized when born... -but may eventually weigh 3X as much…
causes of obesity
-increased palatability... -decreased physical activity... -geneti…
Obesogenic enviroment
-sedentarism... -high palatable meals that do not satiate in pro…
32 terms
Arabic Obesity
بدانة
أكثر كلفة
الحروب
التدخين
smoking
بدانة
أكثر كلفة
26 terms
Obesity Management
At Risk individuals
1st step
Guidelines
Best predictor of maintenance of weigh…
BMI between 25 and 35 ... Men > 40 inch waist ... Women > 35 inch w…
assess patient's motivation and readiness to lose weight... revi…
Keep Fat under 35%
Exercise ... redistributes adipose away from viscera ... Exercise w…
At Risk individuals
BMI between 25 and 35 ... Men > 40 inch waist ... Women > 35 inch w…
1st step
assess patient's motivation and readiness to lose weight... revi…
31 terms
Morbid obesity
Morbid Obesity
BMI < 18.5 kg/m2
BMI 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2
BMI 25 to 29.9 kg/m2
_ People who are more than two times their ideal weight.... _ Bo…
BMI underweight
BMI normal
BMI overweight
Morbid Obesity
_ People who are more than two times their ideal weight.... _ Bo…
BMI < 18.5 kg/m2
BMI underweight
26 terms
Klima - Obesity
Obesity is an epidemic, why?
Obesity
BMI: Normal
BMI: Overweight
- affecting 300 mill worldwide... - increases over past 2 decades
- excess of subcutaneous fat in proportion to lean body mass…
18.5 - 25 kg/m2
25 - 30 kg/m2
Obesity is an epidemic, why?
- affecting 300 mill worldwide... - increases over past 2 decades
Obesity
- excess of subcutaneous fat in proportion to lean body mass…
25 terms
Obesity: The Solution
epidemic
quickly
efficiently
meal
epidemia
rápidamente
eficientemente
comida
epidemic
epidemia
quickly
rápidamente
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