Study sets matching "obesity"

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Study sets matching "obesity"

12 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Children
$1,400
Childhood weight problems
One of the most serious threats to the health of the American…
Expected to live shorter lives than their parents.
It takes about this much more annually in health care costs t…
Lead to complications such as elevated blood pressure and cho…
Obesity
One of the most serious threats to the health of the American…
Children
Expected to live shorter lives than their parents.
Obesity
Evidence of an Obesity Epidemic
Cardiovascular Consequences of Obesity
Other Consequences of Obesity
Obesity (a definition)
1. pre-1980, fewer than 1 in 10 were obese; now, rates have d…
• elevated blood pressure... • abnormal blood lipids... • elevated…
• liver disease... • respiratory disease... • mental health problem…
unhealthy excess of adipose tissue, based on selected measure…
Evidence of an Obesity Epidemic
1. pre-1980, fewer than 1 in 10 were obese; now, rates have d…
Cardiovascular Consequences of Obesity
• elevated blood pressure... • abnormal blood lipids... • elevated…
Obesity
lecture
preventive medicine
cancer screening
fiber
information teacher tells you in class
ways to avoid diseases, like heart attacks and diabetes
testing to see if you have cancer
nutrient that helps body move food through intestines
lecture
information teacher tells you in class
preventive medicine
ways to avoid diseases, like heart attacks and diabetes
Obesity
obese
takeaway
adopt
tax
very fat
a meal that you buy in a restaurant to eat at home
follow
money to the government
obese
very fat
takeaway
a meal that you buy in a restaurant to eat at home
25 terms
obesity
obesity: a growing problem
increase amount of exercise at school
ensure: all children did some exercise…
urgently needs to be tackled
small workout every morning before lessons began
obesity: a growing problem
urgently needs to be tackled
increase amount of exercise at school
small workout every morning before lessons began
44 terms
Obesity
quantify obesity
why do we need muscle?
we're going to talk about gut hormones
CCK
Female: >32% body fat... Male: >25% body fat
quantify obesity
Female: >32% body fat... Male: >25% body fat
why do we need muscle?
14 terms
Obesity
Obésité
un mollasson
télécommande
en surpoids
obesity
a couch potato
a remote control
overweight
Obésité
obesity
un mollasson
a couch potato
13 terms
Obesity
thermic affect of food
overweight
obese
body mass index (BMI)
the energy needed to digest, absorb, and metabolize nutrients…
excess weight for a given height
excess body fat
a measure of body fat whereby a person's body weight is divid…
thermic affect of food
the energy needed to digest, absorb, and metabolize nutrients…
overweight
excess weight for a given height
Obesity
Thermic Effect Of food
Overweight
Obese
Body Mass Index (MNI)
The expenditure of energy to digest, absorb, and metabolize n…
Excess weight for a given height
Excess body fat
A measure of body fat whereby a person's body weight is divid…
Thermic Effect Of food
The expenditure of energy to digest, absorb, and metabolize n…
Overweight
Excess weight for a given height
39 terms
Obesity
Overweight and Obesity
Classification Systems to Measure Obes…
Normal Weight
Overweight
A medical condition in which excess body... fat has accumulated…
BMI... WHR
18.5-24.9
25-29.9
Overweight and Obesity
A medical condition in which excess body... fat has accumulated…
Classification Systems to Measure Obes…
BMI... WHR
obesity
Obsiety qualifications
BMI
OVERWEIGHT
obese
BMI> or equal to 30
-ACCEPTABLE BODY MASS INDEX
the bodyweight that exceeds that recommended guidelines for g…
the bodyweight that greatly exceeds the recommended guideline…
Obsiety qualifications
BMI> or equal to 30
BMI
-ACCEPTABLE BODY MASS INDEX
Obesity
What is Obesity?
What causes Obesity?
What causes obesity summary?
What are the main symptoms of obesity?
An accumulation of body fat.
Eating more calories than you burn off will cause the unused…
Lack of physical activity... Eating too many calories... Lifestyle…
Breathlessness... Increased sweating... Back and joint pains... Snorin…
What is Obesity?
An accumulation of body fat.
What causes Obesity?
Eating more calories than you burn off will cause the unused…
65 terms
Obesity
Healthy weigh
Obesity
Under weight risks
Over weight risks
BMI 18.5 - 24.9
BMI 30 - 39.9
*Infertility... *death - because they do not have excess energy…
Arthritis ... Sleeping problems... Breathing problems
Healthy weigh
BMI 18.5 - 24.9
Obesity
BMI 30 - 39.9
Obesity
Therapy is recommended for patients wi…
_ surgery is recommended for patients…
What are the four comorbidities associ…
Obesity therapy should _ be _ after _…
27, comorbidity, 30
Bariatric, 35, comorbidity, 40
HTN... T2DM... Dyslipidemia... Sleep apnea
not, discontinued, goal
Therapy is recommended for patients wi…
27, comorbidity, 30
_ surgery is recommended for patients…
Bariatric, 35, comorbidity, 40
9 terms
Obesity
causes
genetics
enviornment
complications
eat more than expended... -genetic and enivornmental
hereibity bmi 40%-70%... -likely a person is to gain or lose... -wh…
type of food eating-fast food?... -soft drinks... portion size at r…
increased risk during and after sugery
causes
eat more than expended... -genetic and enivornmental
genetics
hereibity bmi 40%-70%... -likely a person is to gain or lose... -wh…
Obesity
Complications of obesity - top 4
Other complications of obesity
BMI
Women waist circumference
-mortality... -cardiovascular disease... -type 2 diabetes... -dyslipid…
-musculoskeletal disease... -gallstones... -respiratory problems... -c…
Body mass index = weight in kg/(height in meters)^2
greater than 35 inches (88 cm)
Complications of obesity - top 4
-mortality... -cardiovascular disease... -type 2 diabetes... -dyslipid…
Other complications of obesity
-musculoskeletal disease... -gallstones... -respiratory problems... -c…
17 terms
Obesity.
obesity
obese
health issues
health care
fedme
fed
sundhedsproblemer
sygesikring
obesity
fedme
obese
fed
117 terms
Obesity
-the primary modality in defining over…
underweight BMI?... normal BMI?
overweight BMI... obesity class 1... obesity…
children >2 are underweight if what pe…
-BMI... -waist circumference
underweight - <18.5... normal - 18.5-24.9
overweight - 25-29.9... obese class 1 - 30-34.9... obese class 2 -…
underweight - <5th... healthy - 5-84th... overweight - 85-94th... obes…
-the primary modality in defining over…
-BMI... -waist circumference
underweight BMI?... normal BMI?
underweight - <18.5... normal - 18.5-24.9
44 terms
Obesity
What is the 2nd cause of preventable d…
What is BMI?
What is the correlation between body f…
What is considered to be a normal BMI?
Obesity
Body mass index... weight in kilograms / height in meters
There is a high correlation between body fat, morbidity, and…
18.5 -24.9 kg/m2
What is the 2nd cause of preventable d…
Obesity
What is BMI?
Body mass index... weight in kilograms / height in meters
13 terms
Obesity
How many Americans are overweight?
Define BMI and obesity?
Health risks of Obesity?
How does obesity affect endocrine syst…
over 2/3 of Americans: 32% are obese
kg/meters 2 ... Normal 18.5-24.9... Overweight 25-29.9... Obese I 30-3…
CVD, HTN, DM, OSA, Carpal Tunal, DJD, Thrombosis, Dementia, P…
Insulin resistance > increased ovarian androgen synthesis > I…
How many Americans are overweight?
over 2/3 of Americans: 32% are obese
Define BMI and obesity?
kg/meters 2 ... Normal 18.5-24.9... Overweight 25-29.9... Obese I 30-3…
7 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Prevention
Screening
Diagnosis
Obesity is linked with many illnesses, including structural (…
Identify and counsel persons at risk for obesity ... -inquire ab…
Overweight-BMI 25-29.9... Obese class 1: 30-34.9... Obese class 2:…
BMI, obesity associated conditions (Hypothyroidism, DM, Cushi…
Obesity
Obesity is linked with many illnesses, including structural (…
Prevention
Identify and counsel persons at risk for obesity ... -inquire ab…
Obesity
Obesity
BMI
Children 2 -18years
Waist circumference
Excess of body fatness to the extent that it affects health o…
One way to measure body fat. weight (kg)/ height (m)2. Overwe…
Most children with a low body fat % have a low BMI. Children…
Measures of intra-abdominal fat and associated with disease r…
Obesity
Excess of body fatness to the extent that it affects health o…
BMI
One way to measure body fat. weight (kg)/ height (m)2. Overwe…
6 terms
obesity
Diagnosis of overweight/ obesity
Tx of obesity/ overweight... • 2015 Endoc…
Obesity Treatment Considerations when…
drugs for obesity... • Drug choices and c…
Overweight/Obesity... • WHO definitions based on body mass index…
• 2015 Endocrine Society Guidelines... - BMI ≥25 kg/m2: diet, ex…
• Monitoring... - QMonth x 3 months then q3Months... - Goal: ≥5% we…
- Uncontrolled HTN or history of heart disease: avoid sympath…
Diagnosis of overweight/ obesity
Overweight/Obesity... • WHO definitions based on body mass index…
Tx of obesity/ overweight... • 2015 Endoc…
• 2015 Endocrine Society Guidelines... - BMI ≥25 kg/m2: diet, ex…
Obesity
Obesity
BMI (Body Mass Index)
Health Consequences in Adults
Health Consequences In Children
Chronic disease characterized by an accumulation of fat defin…
A person's weight in kilograms (kg) divided by his or her hei…
CVD, Type 2 diabetes, Hypertension, Certain cancers, Osteoart…
Insulin resistance, Hypertension (high bp), High LDL, Lower b…
Obesity
Chronic disease characterized by an accumulation of fat defin…
BMI (Body Mass Index)
A person's weight in kilograms (kg) divided by his or her hei…
48 terms
Obesity
How do you calculate BMI?
What is the definition of obesity?
What 3 factors interact to lead to obe…
What is the function of adipocytes?
body weight in kg/(height in meters)^2
BMI greater than or equal to 30
1) genetics... 2) environment... 3) metabolism
1) store fats in form of triglycerides... 2) release triglycerid…
How do you calculate BMI?
body weight in kg/(height in meters)^2
What is the definition of obesity?
BMI greater than or equal to 30
obesity
obese
stupid
MLG thomas
toad
You look like elmo's cousin, shrek's obese self plus you got…
you all that are looking at this set look like thIs idiotic man
Yo what you looking ugly kid looking like fat albert
YO GUESS WHAT I JUST KILLED MARIO
obese
You look like elmo's cousin, shrek's obese self plus you got…
stupid
you all that are looking at this set look like thIs idiotic man
15 terms
obesity
leptin and others overview
ghrelin
secretory hormones
pyy
leptin and others overview
ghrelin
10 terms
Obesity
Diseases that affect adults
Insulin
Ghrelin
Leptin
- Cancer, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and dia…
Secreted by pancreas in response to increased blood glucose l…
- increases food intake and decreases metabolism & fat use (p…
- Produced primarily by adipocytes (fat cells)... - Functions as…
Diseases that affect adults
- Cancer, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and dia…
Insulin
Secreted by pancreas in response to increased blood glucose l…
15 terms
Obesity
Obesity
A leading health indicator used to mea…
What are some problems that occur with…
Mild obesity
not merely a condition; ... rather, it is a metabolic disease t…
Overweight and obesity
1. Asthma... 2. Cancer... 3. Stroke 3. Gall bladder probs... 4. Chroni…
BMI 25 -30
Obesity
not merely a condition; ... rather, it is a metabolic disease t…
A leading health indicator used to mea…
Overweight and obesity
23 terms
Obesity
obese
clumsy
Chronic
takeaway
very fat
(adj) moving carelessly
Continuing for a long time
a meal that you buy in a restaurant to eat at home
obese
very fat
clumsy
(adj) moving carelessly
11 terms
Obesity
Xenical
Phentermine
Phentermine-Topiramate ER
Larcuserin
Obesity drug
Stimulant anorexic ... "Amine drug"... Sns stimulating properties... S…
Stimulant anorexic... Topiramate adds additional anorectic mecha…
Serotonin HTC-2 agonist... Activates production of brain chemica…
Xenical
Obesity drug
Phentermine
Stimulant anorexic ... "Amine drug"... Sns stimulating properties... S…
30 terms
Obesity
Weight for height
Weight for Height Measures
Body composition
Methods to Measure Body Fat %
life insurance...ideal weights
dexascanner...xray technology
skinfolds r less accurate that underwater weighing....bia mea…
Weight for height
Weight for Height Measures
life insurance...ideal weights
34 terms
Obesity
BMI
Metabolic syndrome
ectopic fat
obesity
Weight in kg / height in m squared
A syndrome marked by the presence of 3+ factors (high BP, abd…
lipids stored not for fat storage (heart, pancreas, liver)
excess fat condition, BMI ≥ 30kg.m2 or waist girth >102cm (40…
BMI
Weight in kg / height in m squared
Metabolic syndrome
A syndrome marked by the presence of 3+ factors (high BP, abd…
obesity
Understand the potential etiologies of…
BMI
heritability of obesity
environmental component of obesity
...
- weight (kg)/height (m^2)... - underweight < 18.5... - overweight…
- there are many "obesity-related" genes... - GWAS have been use…
- present day factors : western diet/fast food; sedentary lif…
Understand the potential etiologies of…
...
BMI
- weight (kg)/height (m^2)... - underweight < 18.5... - overweight…
19 terms
Obesity
what is obesity
standard mesuring tool
Classification BMI in adults
Classification BMI in children
multifactorial disease with physical, psychological, and soci…
BMI
Underweight < 18.5 ... Normal weight 18.5 to 24.9 ... Overweight 25…
Underweight < than the fifth percentile ... Healthy weight Fifth…
what is obesity
multifactorial disease with physical, psychological, and soci…
standard mesuring tool
BMI
94 terms
Obesity
BMI
Underweight BMI
Normal weight
Overweight
kg/m2...or... (lb/in2) X 703
<18.5
18.5-24.9
25-29.9
BMI
kg/m2...or... (lb/in2) X 703
Underweight BMI
<18.5
Obesity
About __/__ of U.S. adults are overwei…
About __/__ of U.S. children are overw…
In 1960, about ____% of U.S. adults we…
Underweight affects less than __% of a…
2/3
1/3
13%; 69%
2%
About __/__ of U.S. adults are overwei…
2/3
About __/__ of U.S. children are overw…
1/3
46 terms
Obesity
Bliss point
Fat Acceptance Movement (FAM)
Sedentary
Hedonism
Food is engineered to be maximally desirable and addictive -…
This social movement attempts to protect the civil rights of…
A lifestyle that leans towards inactivity and passivity, thus…
The notion that what motivates an organism - such as a human…
Bliss point
Food is engineered to be maximally desirable and addictive -…
Fat Acceptance Movement (FAM)
This social movement attempts to protect the civil rights of…
95 terms
Obesity
If you have one parent who is obese it…
If you have 2 parents who are obese it…
If your weight is greater than 10% of…
Obesity refers to...
increases risk by 60%
increases risk by 80%
considered overweight
An excessive amount of body fat when compared with lean body…
If you have one parent who is obese it…
increases risk by 60%
If you have 2 parents who are obese it…
increases risk by 80%
21 terms
Obesity
While reviewing the physical assessmen…
The nurse is reviewing the surgical no…
A patient with a body mass index (BMI)…
A patient presents with a body mass in…
Waist circumference is used to assess and classify a patient'…
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is a combination of restrict…
Weight reducing drugs are reserved for adults with a BMI of 3…
Patients with a BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 are considered to h…
While reviewing the physical assessmen…
Waist circumference is used to assess and classify a patient'…
The nurse is reviewing the surgical no…
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is a combination of restrict…
10 terms
Obesity
BMI calculation
BMI ranges
Pentermine/Topirmate
Lorcaserin
wt/ht^2 *703
NE, dec. GI motility; -10kg, C-IV, No prego, REMS, paresthesia
-5kg, risk serotonin syndrome, no prego, 10 mg BID,
BMI calculation
wt/ht^2 *703
BMI ranges
Obesity
A BMI of what number is considered wit…
Between what two numbers are considere…
A BMI of what number is considered obe…
What would be the point in using propr…
18.5 to 24.9
25-29
30
To help them gain their balance and gait mechanics
A BMI of what number is considered wit…
18.5 to 24.9
Between what two numbers are considere…
25-29
17 terms
Obesity
Four indications of obesity
Obesity BMI Classification
Three disease states where BMI does no…
Genetic Syndromes associated with obes…
• malnutrition ... • elevated C-reactive protein signifying chro…
• underweight: <18.5... • normal: 18.5-24.9... • overweight: 25-25.…
• acute decompensated HF ... • chronic renal failure ... • osteopor…
• Prader Willis... • Bardet Biedl... • Borieson Forssman... • Downs
Four indications of obesity
• malnutrition ... • elevated C-reactive protein signifying chro…
Obesity BMI Classification
• underweight: <18.5... • normal: 18.5-24.9... • overweight: 25-25.…
30 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Body Mass Index
Caloric Imbalance
Energy-requiring steps to extract usef…
having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean bod…
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her height
Excess fuel over energy expenditure
- Grinding of teeth... - Salivary enzymes... - Stomach acid... - Intes…
Obesity
having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean bod…
Body Mass Index
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her height
105 terms
Obesity
underweight BMI... normal BMI range... Overw…
what are the two main parameters used…
T/F self-reported obesity has gotten m…
T/F adults that graduate college are l…
<18.5... 18.5-24.9... 25-29.9... >=30
Waist circumference... BMI
T (more than half of the states now report >35%)
T
underweight BMI... normal BMI range... Overw…
<18.5... 18.5-24.9... 25-29.9... >=30
what are the two main parameters used…
Waist circumference... BMI
Obesity
Risk Factors:
What causes those with obesity more we…
Central Obesity:
Lab Studies
Lifestyle... Sendentary ... Increased calories... Medication... Insulin... S…
When they go on to Insulin* once go onit they start to gain w…
Apple vs pear shaped
Thyroid Function (TSH): Tsh: metabolism if up = Hypothyroidis…
Risk Factors:
Lifestyle... Sendentary ... Increased calories... Medication... Insulin... S…
What causes those with obesity more we…
When they go on to Insulin* once go onit they start to gain w…
20 terms
obesity
s'alimenter avec des produits bon marché
intensifier les efforts pour ...
accuser le fast-food
le taux d'obésité ne fait que grimper
to eat cheap food
to try harder to ....
to blame fast food
more and more people are obese
s'alimenter avec des produits bon marché
to eat cheap food
intensifier les efforts pour ...
to try harder to ....
30 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Body Mass Index
Caloric Imbalance
Energy-requiring steps to extract usef…
having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean bod…
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her height
Excess fuel over energy expenditure
- Grinding of teeth... - Salivary enzymes... - Stomach acid... - Intes…
Obesity
having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean bod…
Body Mass Index
a measure of an adult's weight in relation to his or her height
111 terms
obesity
BMI underweight, preobese, obese I, II…
what is overweight % body fat for men…
what is obese waist circumf for men an…
what ethnic group has highest cvd risk…
woman: >30%... men: >25%
men: >35-40"... women: >31-35"
BMI underweight, preobese, obese I, II…
what is overweight % body fat for men…
woman: >30%... men: >25%
49 terms
Obesity
What is obesity?
What causes obesity?
What are the effects of increased adip…
What are the population observations f…
a disorder of the body weight regulatory systems; characteriz…
sedentary lifestyle; availability of diverse, tasty, inexpens…
increased risk of developing--arthritis, diabetes, hypertensi…
3 fold risk over 2 decades in child and adolescent obesity; l…
What is obesity?
a disorder of the body weight regulatory systems; characteriz…
What causes obesity?
sedentary lifestyle; availability of diverse, tasty, inexpens…
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