Study sets matching "obesity"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "obesity"

Obesity
Increased BMI leads to increased _____…
Increases in obesity and ______ run pr…
With increased BMI, we have an increas…
Who is more prone to development of Ty…
Mortality
diabetes
Type II Diabetes Mellitus
Women
Increased BMI leads to increased _____…
Mortality
Increases in obesity and ______ run pr…
diabetes
50 terms
Obesity
How fat is America?
What parameters are used to diagnose o…
What parameters are used to diagnose o…
Underweight
So fat (2014).
BMI
Percentiles (that were set in the 70s and are outdated)
Adults: BMI>18.5... Children: <5th percentile
How fat is America?
So fat (2014).
What parameters are used to diagnose o…
BMI
73 terms
Obesity
Define obesity
Table: BMI classifications
Table: Criteria for waste circumferenc…
How does one determine waist to hip ra…
A chronic condition characterized by high body fat in proport…
Obtain measurement of waist at the narrowest point and divide…
Define obesity
A chronic condition characterized by high body fat in proport…
Table: BMI classifications
32 terms
Obesity
obesity
underweight
Normal weight
Overweight
Complex disorder involving excess body... weight beyond the body…
BMI of < 18.5
BMI of 18.5-24.9
BMI of 25.0 to 29.9
obesity
Complex disorder involving excess body... weight beyond the body…
underweight
BMI of < 18.5
5 terms
Obesity
What are the mechanisms for bariatric…
Which of the following surgeries is th…
Which of the following does not have m…
150 lbs... 5'4"... What is this person's wei…
Restriction or reduction of food intake; malabsorption by red…
B
D
BMI=25.7 --> overweight
What are the mechanisms for bariatric…
Restriction or reduction of food intake; malabsorption by red…
Which of the following surgeries is th…
B
73 terms
Obesity
what is the BMI for obesity
what is the BMI for overweight
what is the BMI for extremely obese (m…
what does excess body fat increase the…
30 to 39.9
25-29.9
40 or more
type 2 diabetes... HTN... dyslipidemia... CHD... some forms of cancer
what is the BMI for obesity
30 to 39.9
what is the BMI for overweight
25-29.9
42 terms
Obesity
What is Obesity?
What are some associated health condit…
Equation for BMI
Shortcoming of BMI?
A condition of excessive body fat
Hypertension... Coronary artery disease... Diabetes mellitus... Obstru…
BMI= Body weight (kg)/ Height^2 (m)
It cannot determine overweight vs Overfat ... (ex: Shaq is obese…
What is Obesity?
A condition of excessive body fat
What are some associated health condit…
Hypertension... Coronary artery disease... Diabetes mellitus... Obstru…
61 terms
Obesity
BMI =
BMI values are entered in equation as…
NON asian BMI Values... - good... - Over…
asian BMI Values... - good... - Overweig…
weight (lb)... _______________ x 703... in^2
...
- good: 18.5 - 24.9... - overweight: 25 - 29.9... - Obese I
- good: 18.5 - 22.9... - overweight: 23 - 27.5... - Obese:…
BMI =
weight (lb)... _______________ x 703... in^2
BMI values are entered in equation as…
...
obesity
complications of obesity
central obesity
obesity and genetics
reversible causes of weight gain
-metabolic syndrome(type2 DM,hypertension,hyperlipidemia)... -->…
-due to increased intraabdominal fat... -more in men... -a/w type 2…
genes account for <5% of variation in body weight
-hypothyroidism... -cushing... -insulinoma... -hypothalamic tumours/in…
complications of obesity
-metabolic syndrome(type2 DM,hypertension,hyperlipidemia)... -->…
central obesity
-due to increased intraabdominal fat... -more in men... -a/w type 2…
15 terms
OBESITY
What is the CRITERIA FOR OBESITY MEDIC…
CASE... - 45 yo F , PMH HTN, obesity (B…
SYMPATHOMIMETIC Drugs... all contain th…
Scenario 2: SD is a 28 yo FEMALE - no…
BMI>30 or BMI>27 with comorbid condition)... - if BMI>40, they a…
DO NOT GIVE sympathomimetics (phentermine, benzphetamine, d…
b-phenylethylamine nuleus
Phentermine + topiramate (Qsymia¥ )* ... - baseline negative p…
What is the CRITERIA FOR OBESITY MEDIC…
BMI>30 or BMI>27 with comorbid condition)... - if BMI>40, they a…
CASE... - 45 yo F , PMH HTN, obesity (B…
DO NOT GIVE sympathomimetics (phentermine, benzphetamine, d…
12 terms
Obesity
How to calculate BMI
Normal BMI values
Android obesity
Gynoid obesity
weightkg/(height,m)^2
the good years, multiply by 703 if using inches and lbs
Waist/hip >.8 for women > 1 for men. Apple. FFA go to portal,…
waist/hip < .8 for women <1 for men
How to calculate BMI
weightkg/(height,m)^2
Normal BMI values
the good years, multiply by 703 if using inches and lbs
12 terms
Obesity
obese
obesity
overweight
death
...
...
...
...
obese
...
obesity
...
OBESITY
stoutness
surfeit
corpulent man
paunch
полнота
переедание
толстяк
пузо
stoutness
полнота
surfeit
переедание
15 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Causes of obesity
Health problems
Reducing calorie intake
Brieng get over 20% of weight for your height
Too any calories and lack of exercise
Diabetes, heart disease, varicose veins, high blood pressure…
Choose low fat dairy products
Obesity
Brieng get over 20% of weight for your height
Causes of obesity
Too any calories and lack of exercise
10 terms
Obesity-
Clinical Obesity
List the 4 type of clinical obesity
Damp Heat Edema
Damp Heat edema tx pr:
TCM standpoint when the natural nutritive mechanism (xing / f…
1. Damp Heat Edema... 2. Spleen & Kidney Yang Deficiency... 3. Toxi…
general edema, moist shiny skin, oppression in the chest, ful…
Dispel Damp, Clear Heat, Drain Fluids... Points: St 40, SP9,clea…
Clinical Obesity
TCM standpoint when the natural nutritive mechanism (xing / f…
List the 4 type of clinical obesity
1. Damp Heat Edema... 2. Spleen & Kidney Yang Deficiency... 3. Toxi…
Obesity
Money Problems... "Tide might be turning…
Obesity rate for children rise.... "Tide…
Pre schoolers Obesity Rate... "Tide migh…
Obesity is a killer ... "Medicine and He…
"The obesity rate among low-income children between the ages…
"Between 1976 and 1980, the obesity rate among children 2 to…
"About one in eight preschoolers - 12.5 percent - in the Unit…
"A National Institutes of Health panel Feb. 13 termed obesity…
Money Problems... "Tide might be turning…
"The obesity rate among low-income children between the ages…
Obesity rate for children rise.... "Tide…
"Between 1976 and 1980, the obesity rate among children 2 to…
24 terms
Obesity
([(140 - AGE) X Weight(kg)]/[72 X Scr(…
([(140 - AGE) X Weight(kg)]/[72 X Scr(…
IBW + 0.4 X (ABW - IBW)
ABW - IBW
Creatinine Clearance Equation (FEMALE)
Creatinine Clearance Equation (MALE)
ADJUSTED Weight Equation
Fat Weight (FW) = _____________ - ______________
([(140 - AGE) X Weight(kg)]/[72 X Scr(…
Creatinine Clearance Equation (FEMALE)
([(140 - AGE) X Weight(kg)]/[72 X Scr(…
Creatinine Clearance Equation (MALE)
Obesity
obesity - definition
obesity - epidemiology
obesity - etiology
obesity - pathophysiology
Excess adipose tissue; one of the most common medical disorde…
a) 65% of American adults are overweight and 30% are obese ... b…
a) Chronic excess of caloric intake compared to energy expend…
a) Normally, body weight is regulated by both endocrine and n…
obesity - definition
Excess adipose tissue; one of the most common medical disorde…
obesity - epidemiology
a) 65% of American adults are overweight and 30% are obese ... b…
21 terms
Obesity
How long does it take for someone to d…
What influence duration of survival
Energy balance in the brain
function of liver
It takes 30-40days of survival ... 45-61--death can occur
Body weight ... health conditions ... Genetics variation ... Hydration
Increaase fat intake/environment----->increase fat storage---…
Synthesizes glucose and amino acids ... stores glycogen ... metabol…
How long does it take for someone to d…
It takes 30-40days of survival ... 45-61--death can occur
What influence duration of survival
Body weight ... health conditions ... Genetics variation ... Hydration
21 terms
Obesity
acceptable % body fat
hypertrophy
hyperplasia
more fat cells =
women = 25-31%... men = 18-26%
increase in body fat due to increase in fat cell size
increase in body fat due to increase in fat cell number
greater ability to hold and produce fat
acceptable % body fat
women = 25-31%... men = 18-26%
hypertrophy
increase in body fat due to increase in fat cell size
Obesity
OBESITY
25%... 18%
Overweight
OBESITY
a complex disease resulting from a combination of genetic sus…
body fat accounts for approximately____% BW in women and____%…
refers to weight above some reference norm, typically standar…
is now considered the leading cause of preventable death in t…
OBESITY
a complex disease resulting from a combination of genetic sus…
25%... 18%
body fat accounts for approximately____% BW in women and____%…
Obesity
Classification: Obese
Classification: Overweight
Classification: Normal
Classification: Underweight
30-34.9 BMI
25-29.9 BMI
18.5-24.9 BMI
< 18.5 BMI
Classification: Obese
30-34.9 BMI
Classification: Overweight
25-29.9 BMI
112 terms
Obesity
cartoonist
sofa, couch
couch potato
medal
dessinateur
canapé
mollasson, larve (qui passe son temps dans le canapé)
médaille
cartoonist
dessinateur
sofa, couch
canapé
Obesity
Obesity
Underweight BMI
Normal BMI
Overweight
Excess of adipose tissue
<18.5
18.5-24.9
25.0-29.9
Obesity
Excess of adipose tissue
Underweight BMI
<18.5
130 terms
Obesity
healthy BMI
overweight
Obesity I
Obesity II
18.5-24.9
25-29.9
30-34.9
35-39.9
healthy BMI
18.5-24.9
overweight
25-29.9
22 terms
Obesity
Obesity related conditions
New understanding of obesity
Obesity bias
Malampati score
Endocrine: DM... CV: CHD, PAD, HTN, stroke, HLD... Pulmonary diseas…
Different than conventional understanding that it is a lifest…
Most common is from family... Leads to patients eating more food…
Used to predict the ease of intubation based on distance from…
Obesity related conditions
Endocrine: DM... CV: CHD, PAD, HTN, stroke, HLD... Pulmonary diseas…
New understanding of obesity
Different than conventional understanding that it is a lifest…
8 terms
obesity
pritkin diet
atkins diet
south beach diet
mediterranean diet
low fat, lots of carbs, fruits, veggies
high fat and high protein... low carbs... leads to heart disease
moderate fat and protein, low carbs, grains, fruits, and vege…
fruits, veggies, fish, cereals... cardiovascular factors decreas…
pritkin diet
low fat, lots of carbs, fruits, veggies
atkins diet
high fat and high protein... low carbs... leads to heart disease
Obesity
Obesity
Pathophysiology/Etiology of obesity
Pathophysiology of obesity
Etiology
Excess of adipose tissue... Most prevalent preventable health pr…
Energy is required for all body activities (ADLs, Cell and ti…
Basal metabolic rate (BMR)- 70% of energy goes to maintain BM…
Obesity occurs when excess calories are stored as fat... Complex…
Obesity
Excess of adipose tissue... Most prevalent preventable health pr…
Pathophysiology/Etiology of obesity
Energy is required for all body activities (ADLs, Cell and ti…
Obesity
BMI of 30-34 is Class _ Obesity
BMI of over 40 is Class _ Obesity
Obesity is rising fastest is in the __…
Big factor of obesity is ____cal
Class 2 Obesity... Moderately obese
Class 3 Obesity... Morbidly Obese
Morbidly obese
psychological
BMI of 30-34 is Class _ Obesity
Class 2 Obesity... Moderately obese
BMI of over 40 is Class _ Obesity
Class 3 Obesity... Morbidly Obese
Obesity
Trends in Obesity: Adults
Obesity
% men obese
% Female obese
60% of Canadians are overweight or obese. 24% are obese
A heterogeneous disorder where nrg intake is chronically grea…
>20%
>30%
Trends in Obesity: Adults
60% of Canadians are overweight or obese. 24% are obese
Obesity
A heterogeneous disorder where nrg intake is chronically grea…
22 terms
Obesity
Obesity results from
Other factors that affect obesity
What constitutes obesity?
BMI
an imbalance of caloric intake and energy expenditure.
Genetics : 30-40% of variance in weight loss studies reflects…
Obesity : Having a BMI of 30 or higher.
weight in kg divided by the square of his or her height in me…
Obesity results from
an imbalance of caloric intake and energy expenditure.
Other factors that affect obesity
Genetics : 30-40% of variance in weight loss studies reflects…
Obesity
2 types of obesity
Healthy BMI
Overweight BMI... Obese BMI... Morbidly Obes…
Waist to Hip Ratio
primary- excess calorie intake... secondary- due to congenital a…
18.5 and 24.9
> 25... >30... >40
waist/hip= <0.8 is optimal
2 types of obesity
primary- excess calorie intake... secondary- due to congenital a…
Healthy BMI
18.5 and 24.9
Obesity
BMI
BMI <18.5
BMI 18.5-24.9
BMI 25-29.9
= weight in kg/height2 in meters
Underweight
Normal
Overweight
BMI
= weight in kg/height2 in meters
BMI <18.5
Underweight
23 terms
Obesity
_______ obesity = excess calorie intak…
______ obesity = can result from chrom…
term for shape of individuals with fat…
term for shape of individuals with fat…
primary
secondary
apple-shaped
pear-shaped
_______ obesity = excess calorie intak…
primary
______ obesity = can result from chrom…
secondary
19 terms
Obesity
Obesity
insulin function
19-25
25-29.9
excessive accumulation of body fat and is associated with num…
What could be a primary mechanism in the etiology and mainten…
healthy BMI
overweight BMI
Obesity
excessive accumulation of body fat and is associated with num…
insulin function
What could be a primary mechanism in the etiology and mainten…
49 terms
Obesity
WHEN DO WE INITIATE... TREATMENT WITH WEI…
Overweight/obese patients without... weig…
Overweight/Obese patients with ≥ 1 mil…
Overweight/Obese patients with ≥ 1 mil…
1. BMI ≥ 30 Kg/m2... (with or without weightrelated... complication…
Initiate lifestyle therapy (LT): If patient has progressive w…
Initiate lifestyle therapy (LT): If patient has progressive w…
1. Initiate LT alone... If patient fails to lose weight, add... ph…
WHEN DO WE INITIATE... TREATMENT WITH WEI…
1. BMI ≥ 30 Kg/m2... (with or without weightrelated... complication…
Overweight/obese patients without... weig…
Initiate lifestyle therapy (LT): If patient has progressive w…
5 terms
Obesity
Dexedrine
Tenuate
Desoxyn
Adipex-P
dextroamphetamine
diethylpropion
methamphetamine
phentermine
Dexedrine
dextroamphetamine
Tenuate
diethylpropion
10 terms
Obesity
Obesity
Causes
Causes
Causes
20% over recomended height for weight
Overeating
Lack of exercise
Poor neutrino all knowledge
Obesity
20% over recomended height for weight
Causes
Overeating
Obesity
reading directly from a scale
relative weight to species
persons height does predict how soon o…
relating weight to height ratio
how to determine absolute weight?
how to determine weight is normal with species norms?
metropolitan life insurance co tables
nomogram
reading directly from a scale
how to determine absolute weight?
relative weight to species
how to determine weight is normal with species norms?
24 terms
Obesity
6 Social Sciences
Economics
Sociology
psychology
economics, political science, Anthropolgy history psychology…
studies the production,distribution and consumption of goods…
the scientific study of social structure within large groups…
The science of behavior and mental processes
6 Social Sciences
economics, political science, Anthropolgy history psychology…
Economics
studies the production,distribution and consumption of goods…
22 terms
Obesity
Obesity Stats
Causes
Diagnosis
BMI Classification
2/3 of adults ... 1/3 of adolesants ... Cost: $147 billion
Hyper caloric diet... No physical activity... Stress... Medications: a…
BMI: weight/height^2... Waist Circumference: M- >40in, F- >35in…
Underweight: < 18.5... Normal: 18.5-24.9 (Least risk to develop…
Obesity Stats
2/3 of adults ... 1/3 of adolesants ... Cost: $147 billion
Causes
Hyper caloric diet... No physical activity... Stress... Medications: a…
16 terms
obesity
obesity
symptoms of obesity
34%
17%
-excess adipose tissue... -leading cause of mortality, morbidity…
increased BP, increased blood cholesterol and dyslipidemia, i…
____ of US adults are obese
_____ of US children are obese
obesity
-excess adipose tissue... -leading cause of mortality, morbidity…
symptoms of obesity
increased BP, increased blood cholesterol and dyslipidemia, i…
Obesity
health risks
underweight BMI
overweight BMI
obesity BMI
• high blood pressure... • diabetes... • heart disease... • poor wound…
less than 18.5 kg/m2
greater than or equal to 25 kg/m2
greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2
health risks
• high blood pressure... • diabetes... • heart disease... • poor wound…
underweight BMI
less than 18.5 kg/m2
Obesity
Definitions
Energy
Non pathological risk factors for obes…
Pathological causes of obesity in chil…
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has a…
If energy input exceeds energy output then excess energy is s…
There are a variety of risk factors of childhood obesity whic…
Endocrine abnormalities, hypothalamic damage, single gene def…
Definitions
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has a…
Energy
If energy input exceeds energy output then excess energy is s…
5 terms
obesity
orlistat
phenermine
Puproprion
Qysmia topiramate, phentamine
drug which inhibits lipase
drug which suppresses appetite to treat obesity, can increase…
atypical antidepressant with DA and NEPI effects. treats obes…
appetite suppressants.
orlistat
drug which inhibits lipase
phenermine
drug which suppresses appetite to treat obesity, can increase…
5 terms
OBESITY
Obesity is...
Obesity is the term used
BMI
NHPA
A condition of excess body weight in the form of fat
To describe the condition of a person whose BMI is greater th…
Weight (kg/m)2/25-30 defined as being overweight
1/3 adults will be obese by 2025/can be prevented/3 mill obes…
Obesity is...
A condition of excess body weight in the form of fat
Obesity is the term used
To describe the condition of a person whose BMI is greater th…
8 terms
Obesity
Tenuate
Adipex-P
Alli
Xenical
Diethylpropion
Phentermine
Orlistat OTC
Orlistat RX
Tenuate
Diethylpropion
Adipex-P
Phentermine
16 terms
obesity
phentermine/diethylpropion AE
phentermine diethylpropion CI
phentermine diethylpropion ddi
phentermine diethylpropion monitoring
htn, palpitations, tachycardia, ischemic events
cvd, uncontrolled htn, hyperthyroidism, agitated states
sympathomimetics, alcohol, tca's, opioids
blood pressure, pulse
phentermine/diethylpropion AE
htn, palpitations, tachycardia, ischemic events
phentermine diethylpropion CI
cvd, uncontrolled htn, hyperthyroidism, agitated states
10 terms
Obesity
Obesity
BMI
GBS
Arkansas
health condition that results in individuals having too much…
Body Mass Index
Gastric Bypass Surgery
it has the obesity rate of 35.9% as a state
Obesity
health condition that results in individuals having too much…
BMI
Body Mass Index
28 terms
Obesity
orlistat (xenical) classification
orlistat (xenical) action
orlistat (xenical) contraindication
orlistat (xenical) side effects
nutrient absorption blocking
blocks fat break down and absorption in the intestine; inhibi…
liver failure
discomfort, diarrhea, reduced absorption of fat soluble vitam…
orlistat (xenical) classification
nutrient absorption blocking
orlistat (xenical) action
blocks fat break down and absorption in the intestine; inhibi…
2 of 10