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Study sets matching "obstetrics"

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Study sets matching "obstetrics"

129 terms
Obstetrics
Name 7 complications that could affect…
Label the Female Reproductive System
ANSWER
When does pg occur?
1. Eclampsia/Preeclampsie... 2. Diabetes... 3. Hypotension/Hyperten…
When a male sperm fertilizes a female egg or ovum the sex bec…
Name 7 complications that could affect…
1. Eclampsia/Preeclampsie... 2. Diabetes... 3. Hypotension/Hyperten…
Label the Female Reproductive System
10 terms
obstetrics
shape
forceps
bruising
to cry
shape
forceps
228 terms
Obstetrics
Breast Cancer Screening
Cervical Cancer Screening
Colon Cancer screenings
Osteoporosis Screening
Age 20-39: every 3 years. Mammogram only if lump found.... Age 4…
No screening prior to age 21.... Age 21-29: every 3 years with c…
Start at age 50 with colonoscopy every 10 years.... Other proced…
Start at 65 unless risk factors present in which begin at 45.
Breast Cancer Screening
Age 20-39: every 3 years. Mammogram only if lump found.... Age 4…
Cervical Cancer Screening
No screening prior to age 21.... Age 21-29: every 3 years with c…
22 terms
Obstetrics
1. What should be asked for when check…
1. How can we date a pregnancy?
1. What are the risk factors in a preg…
1. What is gravidity?
- Date of birth... - Social... - Obst. history... - Gyn. history... - Med…
1) Calculate EDD: date of LMP + 9 months + 7 days (cycle leng…
DASS: Drugs, Alcohol, Smoking, Social class and status
Total number of pregnancies regardless of how they ended
1. What should be asked for when check…
- Date of birth... - Social... - Obst. history... - Gyn. history... - Med…
1. How can we date a pregnancy?
1) Calculate EDD: date of LMP + 9 months + 7 days (cycle leng…
96 terms
Obstetrics
What are some preconceptual nutritiona…
What comorbidities are especially impo…
Important information on immunizations…
What are the common medications that a…
Folic acid supplementation (at least 400mcg)... - this is espe…
Diabetes- goal A1c <6%... - this is especially important in th…
general rule: if it is a live vaccine, wait to try to get pre…
ACE-I = Potters' Sequence (renal agenesis), no fetal urine pr…
What are some preconceptual nutritiona…
Folic acid supplementation (at least 400mcg)... - this is espe…
What comorbidities are especially impo…
Diabetes- goal A1c <6%... - this is especially important in th…
88 terms
Obstetrics
Physiological changes during pregnancy
Vaccines allowed during pregnancy
Vaccines allowed during breast feeding
Drugs allowed during pregnancy
...
...
Antibiotic safe in pregnancy... amoxicillin
Physiological changes during pregnancy
Vaccines allowed during pregnancy
...
8 terms
Obstetrics
Before the 20th week of pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy
Bleeding after the 20th week of pregna…
Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension (PIH),…
-Threatened abortion: cervical os remains closed despite blee…
-Implantation of a fertilized ovum outside of the normal uter…
-Placenta previa: an abnormally implanted placenta in the low…
-HTN that is unique to pregnancy.... -Elevated BP: diagnostic wh…
Before the 20th week of pregnancy
-Threatened abortion: cervical os remains closed despite blee…
Ectopic pregnancy
-Implantation of a fertilized ovum outside of the normal uter…
95 terms
Obstetrics
Preterm labor
Preterm labor likelihood based on cerv…
Accuracy of FFN
Tests for ROM
Regular contractions before 37 weeks and associated cervical…
> 3cm, unlikely... 2-3 likely w contractions... < 2 w contractions,…
Positive predictive val < 20%... NPV 69-92%
Ferning on slide... Nitrazine: pH > 6.5 c/w rom... Amnisure
Preterm labor
Regular contractions before 37 weeks and associated cervical…
Preterm labor likelihood based on cerv…
> 3cm, unlikely... 2-3 likely w contractions... < 2 w contractions,…
54 terms
Obstetrics
placenta previa
placenta abruption
Apgar
The Prenatal Period
Placenta presenting before the fetus and covers the opening i…
a complication of pregnancy, wherein the placental lining has…
scale is determined by evaluating the newborn baby on five si…
Conception until delivery of fetus.... Fetal development takes p…
placenta previa
Placenta presenting before the fetus and covers the opening i…
placenta abruption
a complication of pregnancy, wherein the placental lining has…
37 terms
Obstetrics
prenatal period
EDC
FDIU
Full Term
The time from conception until delivery of the fetus.
Expected Date of Confinement (due date)
Fetal Death in Utero
38-40 weeks
prenatal period
The time from conception until delivery of the fetus.
EDC
Expected Date of Confinement (due date)
119 terms
Obstetrics
The 4 signs of placental separation
Abnormally retained placenta
Risk factors for uterine inversion
Most likely complication of uterine in…
1. Gush of blood... 2. Lengthening of the cord... 3. Globular and f…
3rd stage of labor that has exceeded 30 minutes; manual extra…
1. Grand-multiparous pt w/ placenta implanted in the fundus... 2…
Hemorrhage
The 4 signs of placental separation
1. Gush of blood... 2. Lengthening of the cord... 3. Globular and f…
Abnormally retained placenta
3rd stage of labor that has exceeded 30 minutes; manual extra…
143 terms
Obstetrics
Preconception counseling
preconception counseling: comorbidities
preconception counseling: vaccinations
preconception counseling: med exposure
-nutrition: iron and folic acid!... -need iron and folic acid…
CONTROL CONTROL... -optimize maternal health, eval comorbidities…
-if live vaccine--> wait to conceive... -every preg woman NEEDS…
-ACEi--> affects kidneys, Potter's sequence (kidneys don't…
Preconception counseling
-nutrition: iron and folic acid!... -need iron and folic acid…
preconception counseling: comorbidities
CONTROL CONTROL... -optimize maternal health, eval comorbidities…
89 terms
Obstetrics
8 weeks
The lungs
Yes, absolutely
Mg toxicity... Ca gluconate and stop the Mg
What is the threshold for how long postpartum VB can occur be…
What is the most frequent site of metastasis of choriocarcino…
Should a TDaP vaccine be given during pregnancy?
A laboring pt gets MgSO4 as a tocolytic. She begins to develo…
8 weeks
What is the threshold for how long postpartum VB can occur be…
The lungs
What is the most frequent site of metastasis of choriocarcino…
128 terms
Obstetrics
gamete
Ovulation
Conception or fertilization
Zygote
Mature germ cell
expulsion of a mature ovum
Beginning of pregnancy
Cell formed from the union of the sperm and the ovum
gamete
Mature germ cell
Ovulation
expulsion of a mature ovum
64 terms
Obstetrics
Chadwick's Sign
Hegar's Sign
Naegele's Rule
Schedule of antenatal visits
blue cervix due to incerased venous blood flow in early pregn…
softening of the cervix in early pregnancy
determines gestational age. LMP + 1 yr -3 months + 7 days... 280…
1st visit 8-12 week... Monthly until 28 weeks... Bi-monthly until 3…
Chadwick's Sign
blue cervix due to incerased venous blood flow in early pregn…
Hegar's Sign
softening of the cervix in early pregnancy
167 terms
Obstetrics
Where does Fertilization normally occu…
What occurs within 7 days after fertil…
T or F (1277)... Implantation is complete…
What do trophoblast cells develop? (14…
in the fallopian tube
Implantation
TRUE
Placenta
Where does Fertilization normally occu…
in the fallopian tube
What occurs within 7 days after fertil…
Implantation
59 terms
Obstetrics
Preconception counseling
preconception counseling: controlling…
preconception counseling: vaccinations
preconception counseling: med exposure
-nutrition: iron and folic acid!... -need iron and folic acid…
CONTROL CONTROL!!... -DM: higher A1C= higher risk of defects,…
-if live vaccine--> wait to conceive... -every preg woman NEEDS…
-ACEi--> affects kidneys, Potter's sequence (kidneys don't…
Preconception counseling
-nutrition: iron and folic acid!... -need iron and folic acid…
preconception counseling: controlling…
CONTROL CONTROL!!... -DM: higher A1C= higher risk of defects,…
59 terms
Obstetrics
How is Down's screening performed?
When is the first USS screening and wh…
When is the second USS scan?
What pre-natal tests are available?
Combined test: generally first line... NT + B-hCG + PAPP-A + age…
11-13+6: mainly for dating & viability... - heartbeat... - location…
20 week anomaly scan... - placenta (?praevia = if <2cm from os,…
Aminocentesis: generally more sensitive & sensitive. >15 wks,…
How is Down's screening performed?
Combined test: generally first line... NT + B-hCG + PAPP-A + age…
When is the first USS screening and wh…
11-13+6: mainly for dating & viability... - heartbeat... - location…
69 terms
Obstetrics & Gyneacology
egg cell / ovum
ovary
fallopian tube
uterus
komórka jajowa
jajnik
jajowód
macica
egg cell / ovum
komórka jajowa
ovary
jajnik
349 terms
Pediatrics, Obstetrics
6-12
Toddler 1-3 years
Preschool 3-5 years
Anterior 9-18 months... Posterior 4 months
Between what months can an infants start to stand and walk?
When can you start asking the patients some questions other t…
When may a child want to help you with treatment?
When do anterior and posterior fontanelles close?
6-12
Between what months can an infants start to stand and walk?
Toddler 1-3 years
When can you start asking the patients some questions other t…
74 terms
General Obstetrics
primiparous
pluriparous
uniparous
multiparous
first parturition ... - had not had babies before... (heifer, guilt…
many parturitions
one ovum
many ova
primiparous
first parturition ... - had not had babies before... (heifer, guilt…
pluriparous
many parturitions
156 terms
MTB Obstetrics
Morning sickness is caused by an INC i…
___: fertilization to eight weeks... ___:…
Number of days/weeks since the LMP (us…
Nagele rule?
beta-HCG ... - 12th to 14th week of pregnancy
Embryo... Fetus ... Infant
Gestational age (GA)
LMP - 3 months + 7 days + 1 year = estimated day of delivery
Morning sickness is caused by an INC i…
beta-HCG ... - 12th to 14th week of pregnancy
___: fertilization to eight weeks... ___:…
Embryo... Fetus ... Infant
39 terms
MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY: OBSTETRICS
ABRUPTIO PLACENTAE
AMNIOCENTESIS
ANTEPARTUM
BREECH
PREMATURE SEPARATION OF A NORMAL PLACENTA AFTER THE 20TH WEEK…
SURGICAL PUNCTURE OF THE AMNIOTIC SAC TO OBTAIN A SAMPLE OF A…
TIME BETWEEN CONCEPTION AND BEFORE THE ONSET OF LABOR
DURING BIRTH THE BABY'S FEET OR BUTTOCK PRESENT BEFORE THE HEAD
ABRUPTIO PLACENTAE
PREMATURE SEPARATION OF A NORMAL PLACENTA AFTER THE 20TH WEEK…
AMNIOCENTESIS
SURGICAL PUNCTURE OF THE AMNIOTIC SAC TO OBTAIN A SAMPLE OF A…
78 terms
Obstetrics and Neonatology
Amnionitis
Chorioamnionitis
Choriocarcinoma
Dystocia
Inflammation of the Amnion (Inflammation of the innermost mem…
Inflammation of the Chorion & Amnion (Inflammation of the out…
Cancerous tumor of the Chorion
Difficult Labor (although the uterus is contracting normally,…
Amnionitis
Inflammation of the Amnion (Inflammation of the innermost mem…
Chorioamnionitis
Inflammation of the Chorion & Amnion (Inflammation of the out…
16 terms
Obstetrics Exam
What are the symptoms of lactose intol…
When can the symptoms of lactose intol…
What advice would you give a parent wi…
What medication are babies with lactos…
Diarrhoea ,... Loose stools,... Green/yellow stools,... Frequent cr…
2 hours from having milk or milk products. Because of the gen…
Avoiding lactose in milk and foods,... Feeding should consist o…
Colief. ... They convert lactose into glucose.
What are the symptoms of lactose intol…
Diarrhoea ,... Loose stools,... Green/yellow stools,... Frequent cr…
When can the symptoms of lactose intol…
2 hours from having milk or milk products. Because of the gen…
58 terms
Chapter 18 Obstetrics
amenorrhea
amniotic sac
areola
ballotement
absence of menstrual flow
the double layered sac that contains the fetus and amniotic f…
darker pigmented, circular area surrounding the nipple of eac…
technique of using the examiner's finger to tap against the u…
amenorrhea
absence of menstrual flow
amniotic sac
the double layered sac that contains the fetus and amniotic f…
13 terms
Intro to Obstetrics
Definitive and Probable Evidence of Pr…
Laboratory Tests Dx of Pregnancy
Presumptive Physical Evidence for Preg…
Assessing Gestational Age
Definitive:... -Visualization of fetus... -Fetal heart rate... -Fetal…
HCG:... -Maternal serum 8 to 9 days after fertilization... -Peak le…
-Cessation of menses... -Breast changes ... -Skin and vaginal mucos…
-Based on weeks since LMP... -Naegle's rule (Due date: LMP add 7…
Definitive and Probable Evidence of Pr…
Definitive:... -Visualization of fetus... -Fetal heart rate... -Fetal…
Laboratory Tests Dx of Pregnancy
HCG:... -Maternal serum 8 to 9 days after fertilization... -Peak le…
156 terms
MTB Obstetrics
Morning sickness is caused by an INC i…
___: fertilization to eight weeks... ___:…
Number of days/weeks since the LMP (us…
Nagele rule?
beta-HCG ... - 12th to 14th week of pregnancy
Embryo... Fetus ... Infant
Gestational age (GA)
LMP - 3 months + 7 days = estimated day of delivery
Morning sickness is caused by an INC i…
beta-HCG ... - 12th to 14th week of pregnancy
___: fertilization to eight weeks... ___:…
Embryo... Fetus ... Infant
20 terms
Obstetrics Equipment
prolapse buhner needle and OB tape
calving chains
head snare
calving jack
prolapse buhner needle and OB tape
calving chains
20 terms
Sasso: Obstetrics
Gravida
Nulligravid
Primigravid
Parity
woman who is or has been pregnant
never pregnant
currently pregnant for first time
number of births beyond 20wks gestation
Gravida
woman who is or has been pregnant
Nulligravid
never pregnant
156 terms
MTB Obstetrics
Morning sickness is caused by an INC i…
___: fertilization to eight weeks... ___:…
Number of days/weeks since the LMP (us…
Nagele rule?
beta-HCG ... - 12th to 14th week of pregnancy
Embryo... Fetus ... Infant
Gestational age (GA)
LMP - 3 months + 7 days = estimated day of delivery
Morning sickness is caused by an INC i…
beta-HCG ... - 12th to 14th week of pregnancy
___: fertilization to eight weeks... ___:…
Embryo... Fetus ... Infant
77 terms
Intro to obstetrics
Prenatal vitamins
fetal alcohol syndrome
Early pregnancy, first prenatal visit
Confirmatory diagnosis of pregnancy
3 months prior to conception... Decreased risk of NTD (folate)... A…
CBC... Blood type and Rh... VDRL/RPR... HIV screening... Pap smear... Ursine…
Fetal heart tones >16 weeks... transvaginal ultrasound
Prenatal vitamins
3 months prior to conception... Decreased risk of NTD (folate)... A…
fetal alcohol syndrome
156 terms
MTB Obstetrics
Morning sickness is caused by an INC i…
___: fertilization to eight weeks... ___:…
Number of days/weeks since the LMP (us…
Nagele rule?
beta-HCG ... - 12th to 14th week of pregnancy
Embryo... Fetus ... Infant
Gestational age (GA)
LMP - 3 months + 7 days = estimated day of delivery
Morning sickness is caused by an INC i…
beta-HCG ... - 12th to 14th week of pregnancy
___: fertilization to eight weeks... ___:…
Embryo... Fetus ... Infant
103 terms
Bovine Obstetrics
bovine gestation
when would you diagnose pregnancy with…
when would you be able to sex the fetu…
when could you diagnose pregnancy goin…
270-285... -9months 9days
- 21days
day 65
days 30-40
bovine gestation
270-285... -9months 9days
when would you diagnose pregnancy with…
- 21days
53 terms
obstetrics -4
fetal movement- "quickening" seen
Chloasma
Hegar's Sign:
Fundal Height = gestation age in
18-20 weeks
mask of pregnancy with darkening of the forehead, nasal bridg…
widening and softening of the body or isthmus of the uterus b…
weeks from 18-34 wk
fetal movement- "quickening" seen
18-20 weeks
Chloasma
mask of pregnancy with darkening of the forehead, nasal bridg…
249 terms
TORONTO - Obstetrics
What are the primary roles of the plac…
What are the hormones produced by the…
What is the definition of Labour?
What timeframes are associated with:…
Respiration!... Nutrition and excretion... Hormone production
Progesterone... Estrogen... B-hCG... Placental lactogen... Relaxin... IGFs
Regular, strengthening, painful contraction associated with c…
Preterm - <37 Wks GA... Term - 37 - 41+6 Wks GA... Postterm - >42 W…
What are the primary roles of the plac…
Respiration!... Nutrition and excretion... Hormone production
What are the hormones produced by the…
Progesterone... Estrogen... B-hCG... Placental lactogen... Relaxin... IGFs
74 terms
Equine Obstetrics
equine gestation
mule gestation length
light breed gestation
draft breed gestation
315-170 days ... 11 months 11 days
355days
340 days
330days
equine gestation
315-170 days ... 11 months 11 days
mule gestation length
355days
277 terms
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer
Saline-infused Sonohysterography
Intrauterine Insemination
Expand FSH
Expand GIFT
Expand SIS
Expand IUI
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Expand FSH
Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer
Expand GIFT
78 terms
Obstetrics and Neonatology
Amnionitis
Chorioamnionitis
Choriocarcinoma
Dystocia
Inflammation of the Amnion
Inflammation of the Chorion & Amnion (Inflammation of the out…
Cancerous tumor of the Chorion
Difficult Labor (although the uterus is contracting normally,…
Amnionitis
Inflammation of the Amnion
Chorioamnionitis
Inflammation of the Chorion & Amnion (Inflammation of the out…
78 terms
Obstetrics and Neonatology
Amnionitis
Chorioamnionitis
Choriocarcinoma
Dystocia
Inflammation of the Amnion (Inflammation of the innermost mem…
Inflammation of the Chorion & Amnion (Inflammation of the out…
Cancerous tumor of the Chorion
Difficult Labor (although the uterus is contracting normally,…
Amnionitis
Inflammation of the Amnion (Inflammation of the innermost mem…
Chorioamnionitis
Inflammation of the Chorion & Amnion (Inflammation of the out…
83 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Abortion= Spontaneous or induced termi…
Adenomyosis= Benign invasive growth of…
amenorrhea
amniocentesis
loss of pregnancy less than 20 weeks gestation
...
absence of menstruation
A technique of prenatal diagnosis in which amniotic fluid, ob…
Abortion= Spontaneous or induced termi…
loss of pregnancy less than 20 weeks gestation
Adenomyosis= Benign invasive growth of…
...
69 terms
Gynecology and obstetrics
Gestational diabetes
Maternal Complication of pregastationa…
Fetal Complication of pregastational DM
Complication of gastational DM
If Loading test :(+) G>140... Should do tolerance test:... Fasting…
Inc Preeclampsia ... Spontaneous abortion... Infection... Postpartum h…
Inc congenital anomalies:neural tube defects , heart... Macrosom…
Macrosomia ... Preterm labor... Neonatal hypoglycemia ... Mother inc r…
Gestational diabetes
If Loading test :(+) G>140... Should do tolerance test:... Fasting…
Maternal Complication of pregastationa…
Inc Preeclampsia ... Spontaneous abortion... Infection... Postpartum h…
34 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecologic
Leep Loop Electrode
Heaney Hysterectomy Forceps
Heaney-Ballentine Hysterectomy Forceps
Cord Clamp
Leep Loop Electrode
Heaney Hysterectomy Forceps
165 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
amni/o
cervic/o
chori/o
colp/o
amnion
neck, cervix
chorion
vagina
amni/o
amnion
cervic/o
neck, cervix
18 terms
Endocrinology of Obstetrics
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
Function hCG (3)
Assessing serum levels of bHCG and cau…
Human Placental Lactogen (hPL)
-Produced by syncytiotrophoblast... -Two subunits, alpha and Bet…
-Stimulates progesterone synthesis by the early corpus luteum…
<5 mIU/mL is negative... Decline or Arrest:... -Ectopic pregnancy…
-Made by syncytiotrophoblast... -Structure similar to prolactin…
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
-Produced by syncytiotrophoblast... -Two subunits, alpha and Bet…
Function hCG (3)
-Stimulates progesterone synthesis by the early corpus luteum…
67 terms
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Criteria for Diagnosis of PCOS
Differential Diagnosis of PCOS
Management of PCOS
Complications of PCOS
Hyperandogenism Symptoms - Acne, Hirsutism... Oligomenorrhoea... Po…
Hyperandrogenism - drugs (danazol), androgenic secreting tumo…
reduce weight... OCP to normalise androgen, regulate menstruatio…
Reduced fertility, miscarriage... Cardiovascular Disease and Dia…
Criteria for Diagnosis of PCOS
Hyperandogenism Symptoms - Acne, Hirsutism... Oligomenorrhoea... Po…
Differential Diagnosis of PCOS
Hyperandrogenism - drugs (danazol), androgenic secreting tumo…
64 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Obstetrics
Gynecology
abortion (AB)
atresia
Specializes in pregnancy and childbirth
Branch of medicine that diagnoses and treats conditions of th…
discharge of embryo from uterus before the 20th week of gesta…
lack of normal body opening
Obstetrics
Specializes in pregnancy and childbirth
Gynecology
Branch of medicine that diagnoses and treats conditions of th…
399 terms
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Where is beta-HCG produced?
When does the level of beta-HCG peak d…
In the first trimester, how quickly do…
What is the purpose of beta-HCG during…
In the placenta by the syncytiotrophoblast cells (when these…
During weeks 9-10, levels off at about 20-22 weeks
Every 2-3 days they double (if values decrease then suggests…
To maintain the corpus luteum (and production of progesterone…
Where is beta-HCG produced?
In the placenta by the syncytiotrophoblast cells (when these…
When does the level of beta-HCG peak d…
During weeks 9-10, levels off at about 20-22 weeks
24 terms
Introduction to Obstetrics
Preeclampsia
HELLP Syndrome
Eclampsia
Placenta Previa - Risk Factor
Severe if:... BP >= 160/110... Proteinuria >2.0gm/24-hr (or >+2+ di…
Severe Preeclampsia w/... Hemolysis... Elevated Liver Enzymes... Low P…
Placental abruption... Neurlogic deficits... Aspiration pneumonia -…
Increasing Age... Multiparity... Multifetal gestation... Prior Ceseare…
Preeclampsia
Severe if:... BP >= 160/110... Proteinuria >2.0gm/24-hr (or >+2+ di…
HELLP Syndrome
Severe Preeclampsia w/... Hemolysis... Elevated Liver Enzymes... Low P…
180 terms
Unit 2: Obstetrics - B. Abnormal Obstetrics
A 30-year-old G3P2 woman, whose last n…
A 33-year-old G3P1 woman presents with…
A 17-year-old G2P0 female has severe r…
A 19-year-old G2P1 woman presents with…
C. The patient has risk factors for ectopic pregnancy, but ne…
C. There is a tenfold increase risk for ectopic pregnancy in…
B. This patient has a ruptured ectopic pregnancy until proven…
B. Transvaginal ultrasound will most likely show an intrauter…
A 30-year-old G3P2 woman, whose last n…
C. The patient has risk factors for ectopic pregnancy, but ne…
A 33-year-old G3P1 woman presents with…
C. There is a tenfold increase risk for ectopic pregnancy in…
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