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Study sets matching "obstetrics"

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Study sets matching "obstetrics"

83 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Abortion= Spontaneous or induced termi…
Adenomyosis= Benign invasive growth of…
amenorrhea
amniocentesis
loss of pregnancy less than 20 weeks gestation
...
absence of menstruation
A technique of prenatal diagnosis in which amniotic fluid, ob…
Abortion= Spontaneous or induced termi…
loss of pregnancy less than 20 weeks gestation
Adenomyosis= Benign invasive growth of…
...
78 terms
Obstetrics and Neonatology
Amnionitis
Chorioamnionitis
Choriocarcinoma
Dystocia
Inflammation of the Amnion (Inflammation of the innermost mem…
Inflammation of the Chorion & Amnion (Inflammation of the out…
Cancerous tumor of the Chorion
Difficult Labor (although the uterus is contracting normally,…
Amnionitis
Inflammation of the Amnion (Inflammation of the innermost mem…
Chorioamnionitis
Inflammation of the Chorion & Amnion (Inflammation of the out…
23 terms
PTM obstetrics
AEIOTIPS
APH definition
4 APH causes
Placenta previa
Alcohol/ acidosis... epilepsy... insulin... overdose... trauma... infection…
bleeding from genital tract after 24 weeks of pregas
placenta previa- placenta lower uterous... abruption- premature…
painless bleeding... causeless... recurrent... after intercourse
AEIOTIPS
Alcohol/ acidosis... epilepsy... insulin... overdose... trauma... infection…
APH definition
bleeding from genital tract after 24 weeks of pregas
35 terms
Obstetrics - Screening
Identification of apparently healthy p…
Rubella, syphilis, HIV, Hep B, CMV, ch…
Chlamydia and listeria, which can caus…
Toxoplasma.
What is the definition of screening?
Give 10 infections that are screened for in the general popul…
What should pregnant farm workers be screened for in particul…
People with contact with cows, sheep and domestic cats should…
Identification of apparently healthy p…
What is the definition of screening?
Rubella, syphilis, HIV, Hep B, CMV, ch…
Give 10 infections that are screened for in the general popul…
35 terms
Obstetrics - Breech
20%
3 to 4%
36 weeks.
1%
What is the incidence of breech at 28/40?
What is the incidence of breech by term?
By what gestation does the baby's presentation normally settle?
What is the percentage perinatal mortality related to breech…
20%
What is the incidence of breech at 28/40?
3 to 4%
What is the incidence of breech by term?
69 terms
Gynecology and obstetrics
Gestational diabetes
Maternal Complication of pregastationa…
Fetal Complication of pregastational DM
Complication of gastational DM
If Loading test :(+) G>140... Should do tolerance test:... Fasting…
Inc Preeclampsia ... Spontaneous abortion... Infection... Postpartum h…
Inc congenital anomalies:neural tube defects , heart... Macrosom…
Macrosomia ... Preterm labor... Neonatal hypoglycemia ... Mother inc r…
Gestational diabetes
If Loading test :(+) G>140... Should do tolerance test:... Fasting…
Maternal Complication of pregastationa…
Inc Preeclampsia ... Spontaneous abortion... Infection... Postpartum h…
165 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
amni/o
cervic/o
chori/o
colp/o
amnion
neck, cervix
chorion
vagina
amni/o
amnion
cervic/o
neck, cervix
34 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecologic
Leep Loop Electrode
Heaney Hysterectomy Forceps
Heaney-Ballentine Hysterectomy Forceps
Cord Clamp
Leep Loop Electrode
Heaney Hysterectomy Forceps
32 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
womb
ovary
menstrual period
menstrual cramp
子宮
卵巣
生理期間
生理痛
womb
子宮
ovary
卵巣
18 terms
Endocrinology of Obstetrics
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
Function hCG (3)
Assessing serum levels of bHCG and cau…
Human Placental Lactogen (hPL)
-Produced by syncytiotrophoblast... -Two subunits, alpha and Bet…
-Stimulates progesterone synthesis by the early corpus luteum…
<5 mIU/mL is negative... Decline or Arrest:... -Ectopic pregnancy…
-Made by syncytiotrophoblast... -Structure similar to prolactin…
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
-Produced by syncytiotrophoblast... -Two subunits, alpha and Bet…
Function hCG (3)
-Stimulates progesterone synthesis by the early corpus luteum…
67 terms
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Criteria for Diagnosis of PCOS
Differential Diagnosis of PCOS
Management of PCOS
Complications of PCOS
Hyperandogenism Symptoms - Acne, Hirsutism... Oligomenorrhoea... Po…
Hyperandrogenism - drugs (danazol), androgenic secreting tumo…
reduce weight... OCP to normalise androgen, regulate menstruatio…
Reduced fertility, miscarriage... Cardiovascular Disease and Dia…
Criteria for Diagnosis of PCOS
Hyperandogenism Symptoms - Acne, Hirsutism... Oligomenorrhoea... Po…
Differential Diagnosis of PCOS
Hyperandrogenism - drugs (danazol), androgenic secreting tumo…
14 terms
Ovine obstetrics
Vaginal prolapse
Factors causing vaginal prolapse
Uterine prolapse
Main causes of uterine prolapse
- Occurs during the last month of pregnancy ... - Typically affe…
Hypothesised casual factors: ... - Excessive body condition (BCS…
- Uterine prolapse occurs at a rate of approximately 0.1% of…
- Uterine exhaustion after delivering a single big lamb ... - In…
Vaginal prolapse
- Occurs during the last month of pregnancy ... - Typically affe…
Factors causing vaginal prolapse
Hypothesised casual factors: ... - Excessive body condition (BCS…
64 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Obstetrics
Gynecology
abortion (AB)
atresia
Specializes in pregnancy and childbirth
Branch of medicine that diagnoses and treats conditions of th…
discharge of embryo from uterus before the 20th week of gesta…
lack of normal body opening
Obstetrics
Specializes in pregnancy and childbirth
Gynecology
Branch of medicine that diagnoses and treats conditions of th…
399 terms
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Where is beta-HCG produced?
When does the level of beta-HCG peak d…
In the first trimester, how quickly do…
What is the purpose of beta-HCG during…
In the placenta by the syncytiotrophoblast cells (when these…
During weeks 9-10, levels off at about 20-22 weeks
Every 2-3 days they double (if values decrease then suggests…
To maintain the corpus luteum (and production of progesterone…
Where is beta-HCG produced?
In the placenta by the syncytiotrophoblast cells (when these…
When does the level of beta-HCG peak d…
During weeks 9-10, levels off at about 20-22 weeks
24 terms
Introduction to Obstetrics
Preeclampsia
HELLP Syndrome
Eclampsia
Placenta Previa - Risk Factor
Severe if:... BP >= 160/110... Proteinuria >2.0gm/24-hr (or >+2+ di…
Severe Preeclampsia w/... Hemolysis... Elevated Liver Enzymes... Low P…
Placental abruption... Neurlogic deficits... Aspiration pneumonia -…
Increasing Age... Multiparity... Multifetal gestation... Prior Ceseare…
Preeclampsia
Severe if:... BP >= 160/110... Proteinuria >2.0gm/24-hr (or >+2+ di…
HELLP Syndrome
Severe Preeclampsia w/... Hemolysis... Elevated Liver Enzymes... Low P…
180 terms
Unit 2: Obstetrics - B. Abnormal Obstetrics
A 30-year-old G3P2 woman, whose last n…
A 33-year-old G3P1 woman presents with…
A 17-year-old G2P0 female has severe r…
A 19-year-old G2P1 woman presents with…
C. The patient has risk factors for ectopic pregnancy, but ne…
C. There is a tenfold increase risk for ectopic pregnancy in…
B. This patient has a ruptured ectopic pregnancy until proven…
B. Transvaginal ultrasound will most likely show an intrauter…
A 30-year-old G3P2 woman, whose last n…
C. The patient has risk factors for ectopic pregnancy, but ne…
A 33-year-old G3P1 woman presents with…
C. There is a tenfold increase risk for ectopic pregnancy in…
9 terms
Obstetrics words
Microcephalus
Omphalitis
Pyloric stenosis
Esophageal atresia
Fetus with a small head
Inflammation of umbilicus
Narrowing pertaining to the pyloric sphincter
Absence of part of esophagus
Microcephalus
Fetus with a small head
Omphalitis
Inflammation of umbilicus
42 terms
Obstetrics Ultrasound
Primigravid
Parity
Gravidity
Type of transducer
first pregnancy
The number of times a woman has given birth to a fetus weighi…
total number of conception
3.5 - 5 Mhz... Linear, curvilinear... small or large footprint
Primigravid
first pregnancy
Parity
The number of times a woman has given birth to a fetus weighi…
23 terms
obstetrics terminology
Braxton Hicks contractions
Dilation (of the cervix)
Effacement
Embryo
intermittent and irregular painless contractions that occur t…
stretching of the external os from an opening of a few millim…
thinning and shortening of the cervical canal from normal len…
the child in utero from the time of conception to the beginni…
Braxton Hicks contractions
intermittent and irregular painless contractions that occur t…
Dilation (of the cervix)
stretching of the external os from an opening of a few millim…
116 terms
Obstetrics Unit
The female reproductive cycle consists…
menstruation
What is the process of the shedding of…
Prenatal development is divided into t…
follicular phase, ovulatory phase, luteal phase,
the uterine lining breaks down and is shed from the body alon…
Menstruation
zygote, embryonic, and fetal.
The female reproductive cycle consists…
follicular phase, ovulatory phase, luteal phase,
menstruation
the uterine lining breaks down and is shed from the body alon…
91 terms
Intro to Obstetrics
1. Prenatal Vitamins... 2. Folate... 3. Prot…
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
1. CBC... 2. Blood type and Rh... 3. VDRL/RP…
1. Cessation of menses... 2. Urine or ser…
What are topics of pre-pregnancy counseling?
What are tests that should be done early in pregnancy or at f…
What are observations of dx of pregnancy?
1. Prenatal Vitamins... 2. Folate... 3. Prot…
What are topics of pre-pregnancy counseling?
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
186 terms
Obstetrics #2
What two medications can be used to tr…
What is the daily limit of vitamin C i…
Acute febrile illness with chills, cou…
What is the preferred first line treat…
1) Tylenol... 2) Cough medicine
< 1 g
Pneumonia
Inhaled Corticosteroids
What two medications can be used to tr…
1) Tylenol... 2) Cough medicine
What is the daily limit of vitamin C i…
< 1 g
84 terms
Equine Obstetrics
what is the most appropriate name for…
What is the case definition of retaine…
Cows that expel the placenta within 24…
Retained placenta is more common is __…
retained fetal membranes
failure to pass/expel the placenta within 12-24 hours post pa…
95%
cattle than horses
what is the most appropriate name for…
retained fetal membranes
What is the case definition of retaine…
failure to pass/expel the placenta within 12-24 hours post pa…
121 terms
Obstetrics Review
Fetal heart tones on doppler (GA?)
Appreciation of fetal movement
U/S at 6-12 weeks measures fetal _____…
U/S at 13 weeks and beyond measures fe…
10-12 weeks
17-18 weeks
Crown-Rump Length (CRL), *THIS IS THE MOST ACCURATE DATING ME…
Biparietal Diameter (BDP), Femur Length, and abdominal circum…
Fetal heart tones on doppler (GA?)
10-12 weeks
Appreciation of fetal movement
17-18 weeks
26 terms
Obstetrics Terminology
Obstetrics
Last Menstrual Period (LMP)
Estimated Date of Delivery (EDD)
Gravida
the branch of medicine and surgery concerned with childbirth…
time elapsed since 14 days prior to fertilization
the average pregnancy is 40 weeks or 280 days from the first…
the number of times the mother has been pregnant
Obstetrics
the branch of medicine and surgery concerned with childbirth…
Last Menstrual Period (LMP)
time elapsed since 14 days prior to fertilization
65 terms
Obstetrics Exam Pro Review
BPP
APGAR
Failed induction
Arrest of dilation
NST (reactive)... Breathing (>30s)... Tone (1 episode flex/ext)... Mov…
HR (absent/<100/>100)... RR (absent/slow/good)... Tone (flaccid/mil…
Failure to generate ctx q 3min and cervical change after 24h
Dilation >/= 6cm w no change:... >4h w adequate ctx ... >6h inadequ…
BPP
NST (reactive)... Breathing (>30s)... Tone (1 episode flex/ext)... Mov…
APGAR
HR (absent/<100/>100)... RR (absent/slow/good)... Tone (flaccid/mil…
Obstetrics Vocabulary
Abortion -- ... Criminal
Abortion --... Habitual
Abortion --... Incomplete
Abortion --... Induced
...
Abortion occurs consecutively in 3 or more pregnancies.
Part of the products of conception are retained, most often t…
...
Abortion -- ... Criminal
...
Abortion --... Habitual
Abortion occurs consecutively in 3 or more pregnancies.
47 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Amni/o
Cervic/
Colp/o
Ectop/o
Amnion
Cervix, neck
Vagina
Ectopic, displaced
Amni/o
Amnion
Cervic/
Cervix, neck
14 terms
Obstetrics vocab
gynec
colpo
natal
gravida
woman,female
vagina
birth
pregnancy
gynec
woman,female
colpo
vagina
18 terms
Obstetrics Terms
Amniocentesis
Antepartum
Dystocia
Episiorrhaphy
Surgical puncture of amniotic sac to remove amniotic fluid fo…
Period before the onset of labour
Difficult labor
Suturing of the vulva
Amniocentesis
Surgical puncture of amniotic sac to remove amniotic fluid fo…
Antepartum
Period before the onset of labour
94 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Abortion
Adenomyosis
Bartholin glands
Blastocyte
Spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the fe…
Benign invasive growth of endometrial tissue in the myometrium
Two small glands located at the opening of the vagina
Group of cells in early gestation that will form an embryo
Abortion
Spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the fe…
Adenomyosis
Benign invasive growth of endometrial tissue in the myometrium
102 terms
obstetrics vocabulary
afterbirth
amenorrhea
amnion
amniotic fluid
the placenta, the amnion, the chorion, some amniotic fluid, b…
absence of menstrual flow
the inner of the two membrane layers that surround and contai…
a liquid produced by and contained within the fetal membranes…
afterbirth
the placenta, the amnion, the chorion, some amniotic fluid, b…
amenorrhea
absence of menstrual flow
14 terms
Obstetrics (Terminology)
Gynec
Colpo
Natal
Gravida
Women, female
Vagina
Birth
Pregnancy
Gynec
Women, female
Colpo
Vagina
80 terms
Unit 2: Obstetrics A - Normal Obstetrics
An 18-year-old G1P0 Asian woman is see…
A 34-year-old G3P1 woman at 26 weeks g…
A 24-year-old G4P2 woman at 34 weeks g…
A 28-year-old G1P0 internal medicine r…
B. There is normally a 36% increase in maternal blood volume;…
C. Physical examination findings are not consistent with pulm…
B. The increased minute ventilation during pregnancy causes a…
A. The results of her PFT are consistent with normal physiolo…
An 18-year-old G1P0 Asian woman is see…
B. There is normally a 36% increase in maternal blood volume;…
A 34-year-old G3P1 woman at 26 weeks g…
C. Physical examination findings are not consistent with pulm…
13 terms
Obstetrics and Neonatology
CHORI/O
EMBRY/O
EPISI/O
FET/O
CHORION. EG- CHORIONIC SAMPLING
EMBRYO. EG- EMBRYOGENIC
VULVA. EG- EPISIOTOMY
FETUS. EG- FETOLOGY
CHORI/O
CHORION. EG- CHORIONIC SAMPLING
EMBRY/O
EMBRYO. EG- EMBRYOGENIC
64 terms
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Describe first and second half of mens…
What does the corpus luteum secrete an…
What is the 1st line treatment for hea…
What is the mean loss of blood per men…
1st (proliferative phase): dominated by OESTROGEN... - Preparati…
Secretes progesterone... Maintenance of pregnancy (maintains en…
Mirena
30-40ml
Describe first and second half of mens…
1st (proliferative phase): dominated by OESTROGEN... - Preparati…
What does the corpus luteum secrete an…
Secretes progesterone... Maintenance of pregnancy (maintains en…
23 terms
Gynecology and obstetrics
uterine prolapse
uterine descensus
leukorrhea
anovulation
descent of the uterus from its normal position caused by stre…
when the uterines so prolapsed that the cervix is visible at…
a cheesy, white discharge
failure of the ovaries to release a mature ovum at the time o…
uterine prolapse
descent of the uterus from its normal position caused by stre…
uterine descensus
when the uterines so prolapsed that the cervix is visible at…
69 terms
obstetrics and gynecology
ovaries
ova
fertilization
fallopian tubes
begin the process by producing egg cells
egg cells
joining of ovum and sperm
where fertilization occur
ovaries
begin the process by producing egg cells
ova
egg cells
21 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Complications of tertiary syphilis 7
Name 2 Non Treponemal tests and 2 trep…
What is the jarishch-herxheimer reacti…
Tx of syphiliis. Other options
CNS: ... 1. Meningitis, ... 2. dementia, ... 3. neuropathy... CVS: ... 4…
Non-treponemal: RPR, VDRL (Pos 14 days after chancre, non-spe…
Endotoxin release from spirochete death in symphilis (fever,…
PCN 2.4mU IV... Altern: Doxy, tetracycline..
Complications of tertiary syphilis 7
CNS: ... 1. Meningitis, ... 2. dementia, ... 3. neuropathy... CVS: ... 4…
Name 2 Non Treponemal tests and 2 trep…
Non-treponemal: RPR, VDRL (Pos 14 days after chancre, non-spe…
46 terms
Obstetrics Review
S/Sx of pregnancy
10 weeks of pregnancy (findings)
12 weeks of pregnancy (findings)
20 weeks of pregnancy (findings)
skin changes (linea nigra, melasma aka chloasma=mask of pregn…
fetal heart tones by doppler (rate is 120-160)
palpable uterine fundus at pubic symphysis
palpable uterine fundus at umbilicus
S/Sx of pregnancy
skin changes (linea nigra, melasma aka chloasma=mask of pregn…
10 weeks of pregnancy (findings)
fetal heart tones by doppler (rate is 120-160)
92 terms
Bovine Obstetrics
'Define disposition
Define presentation
What are the 3 possible presentations?
What are the longitudinal presentations
overall relationship of the fetus to the dam
relationship of the spinal axis of fetus to the spinal axis o…
longitudinal... Transverse... Vertical
anterior or posterior
'Define disposition
overall relationship of the fetus to the dam
Define presentation
relationship of the spinal axis of fetus to the spinal axis o…
28 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
gynecologist
obstetrician
abortion (AB)
abruptio placentae
treats conditions of the female reproductive organs as well a…
specialize in pregnancy and childbirth
discharge of embryo from uterus before about 20th week of ges…
emergency condition occuring when placenta tears away from ut…
gynecologist
treats conditions of the female reproductive organs as well a…
obstetrician
specialize in pregnancy and childbirth
21 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Complications of tertiary syphilis 7
Name 2 Non Treponemal tests and 2 trep…
What is the jarishch-herxheimer reacti…
Tx of syphiliis. Other options
CNS: ... 1. Meningitis, ... 2. dementia, ... 3. neuropathy... CVS: ... 4…
Non-treponemal: RPR, VDRL (Pos 14 days after chancre, non-spe…
Endotoxin release from spirochete death in symphilis (fever,…
PCN 2.4mU IV... Altern: Doxy, tetracycline..
Complications of tertiary syphilis 7
CNS: ... 1. Meningitis, ... 2. dementia, ... 3. neuropathy... CVS: ... 4…
Name 2 Non Treponemal tests and 2 trep…
Non-treponemal: RPR, VDRL (Pos 14 days after chancre, non-spe…
81 terms
Gynecology and Obstetrics
CPD
HCG
D & C
LMP
cephalopelvic disproportion
human chorionic gonadotropin
dilation and curettage
last menstrual period
CPD
cephalopelvic disproportion
HCG
human chorionic gonadotropin
12 terms
Obstetrics revision
Tocolytics
Prevention of preterm labour
Concern for fetus with tocolytic admin…
Tocolytics absolutely contraindicated…
b-sympathomimetics... CCBs... Oxytocin receptor antagonist (Nifedip…
Antibiotics... Progesterone... Cervical cerclage... Tocolytics
Premature closure of PDA
Bleeding
Tocolytics
b-sympathomimetics... CCBs... Oxytocin receptor antagonist (Nifedip…
Prevention of preterm labour
Antibiotics... Progesterone... Cervical cerclage... Tocolytics
Obstetrics & PT
role of PT/PTA w prego
what will you educate the pt on?
what is ther ex based on?
how do you test for diastasis recti?
1. educate ... 2. pelvic floor dysfunction
-inform of body changes ... -prevent/restore function ... -promote/…
stage of prego or postpartum dysfunction
-hooklying (supine knees flexed) ... -fingers of belly button... -l…
role of PT/PTA w prego
1. educate ... 2. pelvic floor dysfunction
what will you educate the pt on?
-inform of body changes ... -prevent/restore function ... -promote/…
21 terms
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Complications of tertiary syphilis 7
Name 2 Non Treponemal tests and 2 trep…
What is the jarishch-herxheimer reacti…
Tx of syphiliis. Other options
CNS: ... 1. Meningitis, ... 2. dementia, ... 3. neuropathy... CVS: ... 4…
Non-treponemal: RPR, VDRL (Pos 14 days after chancre, non-spe…
Endotoxin release from spirochete death in symphilis (fever,…
PCN 2.4mU IV... Altern: Doxy, tetracycline..
Complications of tertiary syphilis 7
CNS: ... 1. Meningitis, ... 2. dementia, ... 3. neuropathy... CVS: ... 4…
Name 2 Non Treponemal tests and 2 trep…
Non-treponemal: RPR, VDRL (Pos 14 days after chancre, non-spe…
86 terms
Exam #1: Obstetrics
List the PRESUMPTIVE signs of pregnancy
List the PROBABLE signs of pregnancy:
List the POSITIVE signs of pregnancy
List the 3 main placental hormones and…
Amenorrhea... Nausea / Vomiting... Fatigue... Increased Urinary Freque…
Abdominal enlargement... Goodells Sign (cervical softening) ... Heg…
1. Auscultation of fetal heart beat... 2. Fetal movement felt by…
1. HCG: maintains corpus luteum... 2. HPL: increases fetal gluco…
List the PRESUMPTIVE signs of pregnancy
Amenorrhea... Nausea / Vomiting... Fatigue... Increased Urinary Freque…
List the PROBABLE signs of pregnancy:
Abdominal enlargement... Goodells Sign (cervical softening) ... Heg…
20 terms
Obstetrics TOPICS
History taking in obstetrics (backgrou…
Examining the obstetric patient (abdom…
Modern maternity care and changing chi…
Maternal mortality (definitions, globa…
...
...
...
...
History taking in obstetrics (backgrou…
...
Examining the obstetric patient (abdom…
...
54 terms
Obstetrics Final
What is the cascade of intervention?
True or False... Braxton Hick's contracti…
What is placenta accreta?
A benign condition of trophoblastic ti…
pitocin, epidural, ""foley bob" (balloon to expand cervix), m…
True
placenta does not separate after delivery; hx of abortions, c…
Hydatidiform mole
What is the cascade of intervention?
pitocin, epidural, ""foley bob" (balloon to expand cervix), m…
True or False... Braxton Hick's contracti…
True
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