Study sets matching "obstetrics"

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Study sets matching "obstetrics"

Bovine obstetrics
Remember that dystocia is generally ca…
Options are...
Specific Obstetrical Conditions... • Hydr…
Specific Obstetrical Conditions... • Hydr…
- Presentation (Anterior, Posterior, Transverse)... - Position (…
- Manipulation ... - Extraction... - Foetotomy... - Caesarean ... - Eutha…
- Most common, Round and tense... - Occurs rapidly... - Placentomes…
- Uncommon, Pear shaped and soft - Slow onset... - Placentomes a…
Remember that dystocia is generally ca…
- Presentation (Anterior, Posterior, Transverse)... - Position (…
Options are...
- Manipulation ... - Extraction... - Foetotomy... - Caesarean ... - Eutha…
Obstetrics & Neonatalogy
CNA
ED, ER
ICU
OB
certified nursing assistant
emergency department/ emergency room
intensive care unit
Obstetrics
CNA
certified nursing assistant
ED, ER
emergency department/ emergency room
37 terms
Obstetrics & Neonatology
CNA
ED, ER
ICU
OB
certified nursing assistant
emergency department, room
intensive care unit
obstetrics
CNA
certified nursing assistant
ED, ER
emergency department, room
26 terms
NREMT: obstetrics
abortion
afterbirth
abruptio placentae
amniotic
spontaneous (miscarriage) or induced termination of pregnancy.
the placenta, membranes of the amniotic sac, part of the umbi…
a condition in which the placenta separates from the uterine…
sac the "bag of waters" that surrounds the developing fetus.
abortion
spontaneous (miscarriage) or induced termination of pregnancy.
afterbirth
the placenta, membranes of the amniotic sac, part of the umbi…
Obstetrics abbreviations
Gravida
Para
Term
Preterm
The number of pregnancies, including the present one
How the pregnancies were completed
The total number of infants born at term or >37 weeks
The total number of infants born between 20-37 weeks
Gravida
The number of pregnancies, including the present one
Para
How the pregnancies were completed
Obstetrics & Gynocology
Amni/o
Cervic/o
Colp/o
Embry/o
Amnion
Neck, cervix
Vagina
Embryo
Amni/o
Amnion
Cervic/o
Neck, cervix
400 terms
Obstetrics & Gynecology
At what week gestation does B-HCG peak?
At what week gestation does an embryo…
How early might you start seeing fetal…
At what week gestational age might you…
At 10 weeks - peaks at 100,000 mIU/mL
8 weeks gestation
6 weeks
5 weeks
At what week gestation does B-HCG peak?
At 10 weeks - peaks at 100,000 mIU/mL
At what week gestation does an embryo…
8 weeks gestation
28 terms
Gynecology & Obstetrics
external genetalia
genital organs
Genitourinary system
internal genitalia
-Mons pibis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, vaginal in…
-Internal & external organs & structures of the female genita…
-female genital & reproductive system that is in close proxim…
-ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, & vagina
external genetalia
-Mons pibis, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, vaginal in…
genital organs
-Internal & external organs & structures of the female genita…
42 terms
Obstetrics and Placenta
what is the definition of a spontaneou…
when should you get chromosomal analys…
what is the most sensitive period in e…
antiphospholipid antibody syndrome
loss of pregnancy prior to 20 weeks ... -estimates are as high a…
-history of recurrent abortions ... -you are examining the fetus…
3-8 weeks (embryonic period)
-an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by antiphospholi…
what is the definition of a spontaneou…
loss of pregnancy prior to 20 weeks ... -estimates are as high a…
when should you get chromosomal analys…
-history of recurrent abortions ... -you are examining the fetus…
33 terms
Obstetrics 2
Abortion
Abruptio placentae
Ectopic pregnancy
Placenta Previa
Termination of pregnancy by the expulsion from the uterus
Premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall
Pregnancy occurring outside the uterus
Abnormally low implantation of the placenta on the uterine wa…
Abortion
Termination of pregnancy by the expulsion from the uterus
Abruptio placentae
Premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall
38 terms
Obstetrics & Neonatology
CNA
ED
ER
ICU
certified nursing assistant
emergency department
emergency room
intensive care unit
CNA
certified nursing assistant
ED
emergency department
166 terms
UWise Obstetrics
Dilation of which ureter is greater in…
Physiologic dyspnea of pregnancy occur…
When does peripartum cardiomyopathy oc…
Pregnancy assoc w (resp/metab) (acidos…
R bc sigmoid colon cushions L ureter from compression due to…
75 by third trimester
End of pregnancy or several mo pp
Respiratory alkalosis bc TV inc --> minute ventilation inc
Dilation of which ureter is greater in…
R bc sigmoid colon cushions L ureter from compression due to…
Physiologic dyspnea of pregnancy occur…
75 by third trimester
47 terms
Patho: Obstetrics
gravida
erthroblastosis fetalis
gravidity and parity
fallopian tube
# of confirmed pregnancies
Rh-negative blood from the expectant mother, fetus may be at…
multifetal pregnancy is counted as one
most common site of ectopic pregnancy
gravida
# of confirmed pregnancies
erthroblastosis fetalis
Rh-negative blood from the expectant mother, fetus may be at…
42 terms
Obstetrics and Placenta
what is the definition of a spontaneou…
when should you get chromosomal analys…
what is the most sensitive period in e…
antiphospholipid antibody syndrome
loss of pregnancy prior to 20 weeks ... -estimates are as high a…
-history of recurrent abortions ... -you are examining the fetus…
3-8 weeks (embryonic period)
-an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by antiphospholi…
what is the definition of a spontaneou…
loss of pregnancy prior to 20 weeks ... -estimates are as high a…
when should you get chromosomal analys…
-history of recurrent abortions ... -you are examining the fetus…
91 terms
Obstetrics Boards
DDX for lens dislocation
Organogenesis
When does surfactant start being made
Mineral supplementation in pregnancy
Marfans, homocysteinuria, alport syndrome
Weeks 3-8... Teratogenic drugs worst at this time
Week 24
Calcium (baby will get his, even if it causes osteoporosis…
DDX for lens dislocation
Marfans, homocysteinuria, alport syndrome
Organogenesis
Weeks 3-8... Teratogenic drugs worst at this time
68 terms
CC Obstetrics
Increase or decrease - Peripheral veno…
Increase or decrease - Peripheral veno…
Increase or decrease - Tidal volume
Increase or decrease - Expiratory rese…
Increase
Decrease
Increase
Decrease
Increase or decrease - Peripheral veno…
Increase
Increase or decrease - Peripheral veno…
Decrease
8 terms
Gynecology, Obstetrics
Abruptio placentae
Preclampsia
Eclampsia
Placenta previa
Premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall
Abnormal condition during pregnancy or shortly after delivery…
Severe complication and progression of preeclampsia character…
Abnormally low implantation of the placenta on the uterine wall
Abruptio placentae
Premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall
Preclampsia
Abnormal condition during pregnancy or shortly after delivery…
OBGYN & OBSTETRICS
Culdocentesis
salpingo-oophorectomy
salpingitis
Colposcopy
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the cul-de-sac.
The removal of an ovary together with the Fallopian tube
bacterial infection of the fallopian tubes
visul examination of the vaginal and cervical surfaces using…
Culdocentesis
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the cul-de-sac.
salpingo-oophorectomy
The removal of an ovary together with the Fallopian tube
54 terms
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Alpha Fetoprotein
Amenorrhea
Amniocentesis
Breast milk
Increased in open neural tube defects, decreased in Down Synd…
Abnormal cessation of menses
Done for health of the fetus, chromosomes & lung maturity.
Deficient in Vitamin D & Iron
Alpha Fetoprotein
Increased in open neural tube defects, decreased in Down Synd…
Amenorrhea
Abnormal cessation of menses
21 terms
Obstetrics / Gynaecology
First Trimester Bleeding vs. Second
DDx of T1/T2 Bleeding
Folic Acid
Hx of T1/T2 Bleeding
vaginal bleeding within first 12 wk, Second < 20 wks
Physiologic bleeding: spotting due to implantation of placent…
0.4-1 mg to prevent NTD, 5 mg if prv. NTD, GDM, anti-epilepti…
RF for ectopic (prv ectopic, hx STI/PID/IUD, prv pelvic sx, s…
First Trimester Bleeding vs. Second
vaginal bleeding within first 12 wk, Second < 20 wks
DDx of T1/T2 Bleeding
Physiologic bleeding: spotting due to implantation of placent…
24 terms
obstetrics & gynecology
amenorrhea
antiprostaglandins
cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
circumareolar
absence of menustration
agent blocks
dysplasia of uterine cervix
Tx of intraductal papilloma
amenorrhea
absence of menustration
antiprostaglandins
agent blocks
68 terms
CC Obstetrics
Increase or decrease - Peripheral veno…
Increase or decrease - Peripheral veno…
Increase or decrease - Tidal volume
Increase or decrease - Expiratory rese…
Increase
Decrease
Increase
Decrease
Increase or decrease - Peripheral veno…
Increase
Increase or decrease - Peripheral veno…
Decrease
334 terms
Obstetrics Workbook
A 22-year-old woman presents with the…
What is Hegar's sign and is it more co…
What is linea nigra?
What is Chadwick's sign?
Hegar's sign... Chadwick's sign... Linea Nigra... Melasma
Hegar's sign is a non-sensitive indication of pregnancy. It i…
Linea Nigra is a dark vertical line seen on the abdomen in ab…
Blue discoloration of the cervix, vagina, and labia resulting…
A 22-year-old woman presents with the…
Hegar's sign... Chadwick's sign... Linea Nigra... Melasma
What is Hegar's sign and is it more co…
Hegar's sign is a non-sensitive indication of pregnancy. It i…
Obstetrics & Neonatology
CNA
ED, ER
ICU
OB
Certified nursing assistant
emergency deparment, emergency room
intensive care unit
obstetrics
CNA
Certified nursing assistant
ED, ER
emergency deparment, emergency room
15 terms
Complicated Obstetrics
chadwick's sign
goodell's sign
Five P's of labor + delivery
stages of labor
bluish discoloration of cervix, vulva + vagina
cervical softening caused by estrogen + progesterone
passenger (fetus)... passage (birth canal)... power (contractions)…
first stage : dilating phase, begins with first contraction;…
chadwick's sign
bluish discoloration of cervix, vulva + vagina
goodell's sign
cervical softening caused by estrogen + progesterone
54 terms
porcine Obstetrics
farrowing
gestation =
do ultrasound at
considered ________ if they don't come…
porcine parturition
114 days ... 3 months 3weeks 3days
3-4 weeks
pregnant
farrowing
porcine parturition
gestation =
114 days ... 3 months 3weeks 3days
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Amni/o
Cervic/o
Colp/o
Embry/o
Amnion
Neck, cervix
Vagina
Embryo
Amni/o
Amnion
Cervic/o
Neck, cervix
38 terms
Obstetrics normal
never been pregnant
never delivered a child, even if she h…
woman who has delivered a child, the p…
2 or more pregnancies that reached poi…
Nulligravida?
nullipara?
primipara?
multipara?
never been pregnant
Nulligravida?
never delivered a child, even if she h…
nullipara?
89 terms
Unit 2: Obstetrics - Normal Obstetrics
Hemodilution of pregnancy
Pulmonary embolus
Mitral stenosis
Physiologic dyspnea of pregnancy
36% increase in blood volume - max by 34 weeks; plasma increa…
Tachycardia, tachypnea, hypoxia, chest pain
Diastolic murmur, signs of heart failure
75% of women by 3rd trimester
Hemodilution of pregnancy
36% increase in blood volume - max by 34 weeks; plasma increa…
Pulmonary embolus
Tachycardia, tachypnea, hypoxia, chest pain
40 terms
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Episi/o
metr/o
lapar/o
salping/o
vulva
uterus
abdomen
fallopian tubes
Episi/o
vulva
metr/o
uterus
413 terms
ARDMS obstetrics
trimesters
full term
premature term
# of weeks for abortus
first trimester: 1-12 weeks (organ develop)... second trimester:…
38-42 weeks
>37 weeks
first 20 weeks
trimesters
first trimester: 1-12 weeks (organ develop)... second trimester:…
full term
38-42 weeks
109 terms
Gynecology & Obstetrics
gon/o-
acr/o
adnex/o-
amni/o-
Seed (ovum or spermatozoon)
Extremity ; highest point
Accessory connecting parts
Amnion (fetal membrane)
gon/o-
Seed (ovum or spermatozoon)
acr/o
Extremity ; highest point
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Purpose of OBGYN surgery
Abortion
four classic symptoms of an abortion
types of abortions
-to diagnose abnormal conditions... -to treat abnormal condition…
the premature expulsion from the uterus of the products of co…
1. uterine contractions... 2. uterine hemorrhage... 3. softening an…
-missed... -incomplete... -imminent... -spontaneous... -voluntary interru…
Purpose of OBGYN surgery
-to diagnose abnormal conditions... -to treat abnormal condition…
Abortion
the premature expulsion from the uterus of the products of co…
50 terms
Obstetrics & Neonatology
amnionitis
chorioamnionitis
choriocarcinoma
dystocia
inflammation of the amnion
inflammation of the chorion and amnion
cancerous tumor of the chorion
difficult labor
amnionitis
inflammation of the amnion
chorioamnionitis
inflammation of the chorion and amnion
66 terms
bovine obstetrics
primary inertia
obstructive dystocia
secondary inertia
what % of fetal and calf loss are dyst…
forces that propel the fetus
forces that propel fetus are normal but no progress of fetus…
considered a complication of obstructive dystociadue to exhau…
1/3
primary inertia
forces that propel the fetus
obstructive dystocia
forces that propel fetus are normal but no progress of fetus…
34 terms
MTB obstetrics
goodell sign
ladin sign
chadwick sign
telangiectasias/palmar erythema
softening of cervix, occurs 4 weeks from conception (1T)
softening of midline of uterus, occurs 6 weeks from conceptio…
blue discoloration of vagina and cervix, occurs 6-8 weeks fro…
small blood vessels/reddening of palms, occurs in 1T
goodell sign
softening of cervix, occurs 4 weeks from conception (1T)
ladin sign
softening of midline of uterus, occurs 6 weeks from conceptio…
92 terms
Abnormal Obstetrics
Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy
Tx for of ectopic pregnancy
Risk factors for ectopic pregnancy
Heterotopic pregnancy
The diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy is made when either: 1) a…
1) Methotrexate but only after a definitive diagnosis is made…
- There is a tenfold increase risk for ectopic pregnancy in w…
A rare complication of pregnancy in which both extra-uterine…
Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy
The diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy is made when either: 1) a…
Tx for of ectopic pregnancy
1) Methotrexate but only after a definitive diagnosis is made…
27 terms
Obstetrics basics
Biophysical profile (BPP) components (5)
Amniotic fluid index (AFI)
Normal FHR tracings
Abnormal FHR tracings
NST... Amniotic fluid volume... Fetal gross movements... Fetal extremi…
<5cm: oligohydramnios... 5-8cm: borderline... 9-25cm: normal... >25cm:…
Baseline rate: 110-160 beats/min... Baseline FHR variability: m…
Recurrent late decelerations ... Recurrent variable deceleratio…
Biophysical profile (BPP) components (5)
NST... Amniotic fluid volume... Fetal gross movements... Fetal extremi…
Amniotic fluid index (AFI)
<5cm: oligohydramnios... 5-8cm: borderline... 9-25cm: normal... >25cm:…
32 terms
Obstetrics Conditions
Primipara
Multipara
Parity
Nulligravida
Woman who has delivered only one of a fetus or fetuses who re…
Woman who has completed 2 or more pregnancies
Number of pregnancies reaching viability
Woman who is not now and has never been pregnant
Primipara
Woman who has delivered only one of a fetus or fetuses who re…
Multipara
Woman who has completed 2 or more pregnancies
Obstetrics/pediatrics
2
1
Is returned to the fetus through umbil…
Time of pregnancy from 280 days from b…
Umbilical arteries
Umbilical vein
Oxygenated blood
Gestation
2
Umbilical arteries
1
Umbilical vein
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Umbilical Cord
• Amniotic Fluid
When does the heart start beating ?
When can you possibly tell the sex of…
- Connects Placenta to Fetus... - Contains One Vein/Two Arteries
- Originates from Fetal Sources... • Urine, Secretions... After 20…
End of Third Month
End of Third Month
Umbilical Cord
- Connects Placenta to Fetus... - Contains One Vein/Two Arteries
• Amniotic Fluid
- Originates from Fetal Sources... • Urine, Secretions... After 20…
Obstetrics/Pediatrics
Pre-eclampsia symptoms
Eclampsia symptoms
HELLP
Tetrology of Fallot includes
HTC > 140 SBP Proteinuria > 0.3 gr/day or > 100 mg/dL in one…
Pre eclampsia + seizure
Hemolysis, elevated Lactate, elevated Liver enzymes, low Plat…
VSD, pulmonary stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy, overr…
Pre-eclampsia symptoms
HTC > 140 SBP Proteinuria > 0.3 gr/day or > 100 mg/dL in one…
Eclampsia symptoms
Pre eclampsia + seizure
47 terms
Obstetrics: Workbook
Thickening of the uterine lining in an…
All of the following are placental fun…
The normal duration of pregnancy is
Blood volume increases by what percent…
estrogen
providing fertilization... Placental functions:... acting as the "…
40 weeks... 280 days... 10 lunar months... 9 calendar months
45%
Thickening of the uterine lining in an…
estrogen
All of the following are placental fun…
providing fertilization... Placental functions:... acting as the "…
182 terms
Gynecology Obstetrics
how to dx neural tube defects on baby
differential dx of increased AFP in pr…
if AFP inc, next step?
if ultrasound neg or inconclusive in i…
AFP at 16-20 weeks. however low pos predictive value, also me…
anencephaly, spina bifida, congenital nephrosis, vent wall de…
Ultrasound for detail anatomic survey
amniocentesis
how to dx neural tube defects on baby
AFP at 16-20 weeks. however low pos predictive value, also me…
differential dx of increased AFP in pr…
anencephaly, spina bifida, congenital nephrosis, vent wall de…
53 terms
Obstetrics Basics
MC 1st symptom of pregnancy
What is morning sickness caused by
When does morning sickness cease?
Embryo
Amenorrhea
An increase in bHCG (produced by the placenta)
Morning sickness can occur until the 12th-14th week
Fertilization- 8 weeks
MC 1st symptom of pregnancy
Amenorrhea
What is morning sickness caused by
An increase in bHCG (produced by the placenta)
143 terms
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Umbilical Cord
• Amniotic Fluid
When does the heart start beating ?
When can you possibly tell the sex of…
- Connects Placenta to Fetus... - Contains One Vein/Two Arteries
- Originates from Fetal Sources... • Urine, Secretions... After 20…
End of Third Month
End of Third Month
Umbilical Cord
- Connects Placenta to Fetus... - Contains One Vein/Two Arteries
• Amniotic Fluid
- Originates from Fetal Sources... • Urine, Secretions... After 20…
PDCI: Obstetrics
A woman who has never been pregnant
A woman who has been pregnant
Term for a woman who has never deliver…
A woman who has delivered one child wi…
nulligravida
gravida
nullipara
primipara
A woman who has never been pregnant
nulligravida
A woman who has been pregnant
gravida
87 terms
Gynecology & Obstetrics
Why does a C-Section require an additi…
name of the procedure i which a collar…
Labor can be induced by which drug
hysterosalpingogram
you have entered another body cavity (Uterus)
Shirodkar Procedure
Pitocin
radiographic image of the uterus and uterine tubes
Why does a C-Section require an additi…
you have entered another body cavity (Uterus)
name of the procedure i which a collar…
Shirodkar Procedure
Obstetrics Complications...
Threatened spontaneous abortion- (SAB)
Inevitable SAB
incomplete SAB
complete SAB
Bleeding in 1st trimester without loss of tissue/fluid. (1/2…
cervical dilation, and rupture of membranes
cervix opens... but POC haven't passed
all POC passed spontaneously
Threatened spontaneous abortion- (SAB)
Bleeding in 1st trimester without loss of tissue/fluid. (1/2…
Inevitable SAB
cervical dilation, and rupture of membranes
147 terms
PAEA Obstetrics
How to calculate EDC
GPFTPAL
Premature deliveries
Term infants
Nigel's Rule: First day of LMP, go back 3 months, and add 7 d…
Gravida - number of total pregnancies... Parity - number of deli…
20-36 weeks
37-42 weeks
How to calculate EDC
Nigel's Rule: First day of LMP, go back 3 months, and add 7 d…
GPFTPAL
Gravida - number of total pregnancies... Parity - number of deli…
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