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Study sets matching "occupational therapy principles ot"

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Study sets matching "occupational therapy principles ot"

5 terms
Foundation Principles of Occupational Therapy (FPOT) - Philosophy of OT
What are occupations? (4 things)
What are the core beliefs, philosophy…
What are the links between Occupation…
What is the social model of health car…
Daily activities that ... 1) reflect cultural values, ... 2) provid…
1) People are unique individual beings of value and worth... 2)…
1) Health requires a balance between occupations... 2) Physical…
1) it places a focus on the sociological aspects of health an…
What are occupations? (4 things)
Daily activities that ... 1) reflect cultural values, ... 2) provid…
What are the core beliefs, philosophy…
1) People are unique individual beings of value and worth... 2)…
27 terms
Intro to OT Ch. 3: Philosophical Principles and Values in Occupational Therapy
Professional Philosopy
OT Philosophy
Philosopy
Metaphysical
a set of values, beliefs, truths, and principles that guide t…
the nature of the profession, guides the actions or practitio…
a set of basic principles or concepts underlying somebody's p…
the part of philosophy that addresses questions such as "what…
Professional Philosopy
a set of values, beliefs, truths, and principles that guide t…
OT Philosophy
the nature of the profession, guides the actions or practitio…
6 terms
Foundation Principles of Occupational Therapy (FPOT) - Goal setting and the OT process
What is an aim? ... (2 definitions)
What are the 6 key factors in identify…
What are the 5 characteristics of an o…
What are the 3 key principles of goal…
1) It is a purpose or intention, a desired outcome... 2) A broad…
1) collaboration... 2) agreement... 3) participation... 4) control (se…
S.M.A.R.T... Specific... Measurable ... Achievable and Activity relat…
To use the OT process to identify a baseline, set goals and e…
What is an aim? ... (2 definitions)
1) It is a purpose or intention, a desired outcome... 2) A broad…
What are the 6 key factors in identify…
1) collaboration... 2) agreement... 3) participation... 4) control (se…
70 terms
OT 501: Foundations of Occupational Therapy
Activity Analysis
OT Perspective on Activity Analysis
Activity Analysis Process
Activity Demands
The process used by OT practitioners which "addresses the typ…
Not only looks at how an activity might be typically done but…
1. Activity awareness... 2. Identify the steps required... 3. Deter…
1. Objects and their properties... 2. Space demands... 3. Social de…
Activity Analysis
The process used by OT practitioners which "addresses the typ…
OT Perspective on Activity Analysis
Not only looks at how an activity might be typically done but…
35 terms
Theories of OT: Theory in Occupational Therapy
The foundation of theory is
Function of theories
Purpose of Theory
General Systems Theory
assumptions
help us describe, explain, predict situations
Define a concept... Describe... Correlate... Explain why... Predict... Evalu…
Founded by Bertalanffy, Hungarian biologist who was intereste…
The foundation of theory is
assumptions
Function of theories
help us describe, explain, predict situations
44 terms
Occupational Therapy Principles
Beneficence
Beneficence
Beneficence
Beneficence
Concerns of safety & well being of recipients of their services
recognize and appreciate culture and their components
ensures fees and fairs are reasonable and commensurate
Advocate for recipients to obtain needed services
Beneficence
Concerns of safety & well being of recipients of their services
Beneficence
recognize and appreciate culture and their components
41 terms
OT 5013 cancer and occupational therapy
rehab services
stage 1
stage 2
stage 3
areas to treat:... 1. cancer related fatigue... 2. cognitive train…
tumor present, no perceived spread of the disease... lesion is…
localized spread of the tumor, lesion operable, spread is lim…
tumor has spread to other organs, spread to lymphatics ... 20%…
rehab services
areas to treat:... 1. cancer related fatigue... 2. cognitive train…
stage 1
tumor present, no perceived spread of the disease... lesion is…
29 terms
11-24 ETHICS and Occupational Therapy (OT610)
Why study ethics?
Definition of ethics...
Defining it further...
Three kinds of ethical tensions...
- Healthcare professionals face ethical dilemmas,... situations,…
The American Heritage Dictionary, 2nd ed.... (1982) defines ethi…
- Ethics: the discipline that considers what is right or wron…
- Ethical situation (uncertainty)... - Ethical (moral) distress…
Why study ethics?
- Healthcare professionals face ethical dilemmas,... situations,…
Definition of ethics...
The American Heritage Dictionary, 2nd ed.... (1982) defines ethi…
Philosophical Principles and Values in Occupational Therapy
professional philosophy
OT philosophy
Metaphysical
Epistemology
refers to the set of values, beliefs, truths, and principles…
defines the nature of the profession, guides the actions of p…
refers to questions concerned with the nature of humankind
is related to the "nature, origin, and limits of human knowle…
professional philosophy
refers to the set of values, beliefs, truths, and principles…
OT philosophy
defines the nature of the profession, guides the actions of p…
5 terms
OT Practice Framework - Occupational Therapy Intervention Approaches
Create, promote (health promotion)
Establish, restore (remediation, resto…
Maintain
Modify (compensation, adaptation)
An intervention approach that does not assume a disability is…
An intervention approach designed to change client... variables…
An intervention approach designed to provide the supports tha…
An intervention approach directed at finding ways to revise th…
Create, promote (health promotion)
An intervention approach that does not assume a disability is…
Establish, restore (remediation, resto…
An intervention approach designed to change client... variables…
52 terms
Occupational Therapy Midterm Questions OT 140
_____ is defined as the treatment of a…
The interaction between person, enviro…
_______ refer to basic units of action…
Which of the following is an example o…
Therapy
Occupational Performance
Tasks
OTD
_____ is defined as the treatment of a…
Therapy
The interaction between person, enviro…
Occupational Performance
30 terms
Intro to OT CH12 Occupational Therapy Process
occupational therapy process
referral
assessment instruments
occupational profile
the interaction between the practitioner and the client.
request for service for a particular client is made.
standardized or nonstandardized measurements used to obtain i…
history of the client's background and functional performance…
occupational therapy process
the interaction between the practitioner and the client.
referral
request for service for a particular client is made.
28 terms
Chapter 3: Philosophical Principles and Values in Occupational Therapy
Professional Philosophy
OT PHILOSOPHY
Philosophy
Metaphysical
refers to the set of values, beliefs, and principles that gui…
defines that nature of the profession, guides the actions or…
refers to a set of basic principles or concepts underlying so…
refers to questions concerned with the nature of humankind
Professional Philosophy
refers to the set of values, beliefs, and principles that gui…
OT PHILOSOPHY
defines that nature of the profession, guides the actions or…
51 terms
OTA 201: Principles of Occupational Therapy
Approximately _____ of all OTAs work i…
AOTA has identified 8 subject areas th…
The OT profession will be 100 years ol…
What is the centennial vision?
20%
1. Normal development ... 2. Importance of families in the OT pr…
2017
The vision recognizes OT as a science-driven and evidence-bas…
Approximately _____ of all OTAs work i…
20%
AOTA has identified 8 subject areas th…
1. Normal development ... 2. Importance of families in the OT pr…
21 terms
OT 304: Occupational Therapy Service Delivery
Models of Care
What Goes Into Evaluation?
Clinical Reasoning
Task Analysis
Medical Models: focus on health as absence of disease, targ…
*Clinical Reasoning... *Task Analysis
The essential ability of OTs, guides task analysis relative t…
Grounded in practitioner's understanding of an activity and t…
Models of Care
Medical Models: focus on health as absence of disease, targ…
What Goes Into Evaluation?
*Clinical Reasoning... *Task Analysis
5 terms
OT Practice Framework - Occupational Therapy Intervention Approaches
Create, promote (health promotion)
Establish, restore (remediation, resto…
Maintain
Modify (compensation, adaptation)
An intervention approach that does not assume a disability is…
An intervention approach designed to change client... variables…
An intervention approach designed to provide the supports tha…
An intervention approach directed at finding ways to revise th…
Create, promote (health promotion)
An intervention approach that does not assume a disability is…
Establish, restore (remediation, resto…
An intervention approach designed to change client... variables…
51 terms
Types of Occupational Therapy groups OT551
Group therapy started in _______ by __…
Two examples of primary groups include:
Two examples of secondary groups inclu…
Group members must be able to do the f…
1880s... Sigmund Freud
Family ... Intimate
School... Work
1. Communicate simply (verbally or non-verbally)... 2. Comprehen…
Group therapy started in _______ by __…
1880s... Sigmund Freud
Two examples of primary groups include:
Family ... Intimate
12 terms
Foundations in OT - Occupational Therapy Acronyms MT1
AOTA
OTAC
AJOT
OTR/L
American Occupational Therapy Associations... -Advances the qual…
Occupational Therapy Association of California... -Help assure t…
American Journal of Occupational Therapy... -Publishes peer revi…
Occupational Therapist Registered/Licensed... Registered - Proof…
AOTA
American Occupational Therapy Associations... -Advances the qual…
OTAC
Occupational Therapy Association of California... -Help assure t…
16 terms
Conditions in Occupational therapy ( thinking like an OT)
Altruism
Dignity
Equality
Freedom
- the unselfish concern for the welfare of others
- understanding each person has worth and is unique
all individuals have the same rights and opportunities
- individuals have the same right to exercise choice
Altruism
- the unselfish concern for the welfare of others
Dignity
- understanding each person has worth and is unique
19 terms
OT 366 Exam 1- Theory in Occupational Therapy
Theory
Why do we need theory?
Types of theories
Personal theories
-ideas or concepts that guide actions... -way of explaining or u…
to "own" our profession
-personal... -formal
understandings based on experience
Theory
-ideas or concepts that guide actions... -way of explaining or u…
Why do we need theory?
to "own" our profession
16 terms
Conditions in Occupational therapy ( thinking like an OT)
Altruism
Dignity
Equality
Freedom
- the unselfish concern for the welfare of others
- understanding each person has worth and is unique
all individuals have the same rights and opportunities
- individuals have the same right to exercise choice
Altruism
- the unselfish concern for the welfare of others
Dignity
- understanding each person has worth and is unique
47 terms
History of Occupational Therapy OT from different person
All of the following were goals of the…
During the Arts and Crafts Movement, o…
During WWI,... a. OTs focused on the agi…
During the 1800's which treatment styl…
c) To train people to work in factories
a. needlework, weaving, metalwork, bookbinding, and leatherwork
d. OT was a means to keep soldiers on the front
a)moral treatment
All of the following were goals of the…
c) To train people to work in factories
During the Arts and Crafts Movement, o…
a. needlework, weaving, metalwork, bookbinding, and leatherwork
28 terms
Chapter 3: Philosophical Principles and Values in Occupational Therapy
Professional Philosophy
OT PHILOSOPHY
Philosophy
Metaphysical
refers to the set of values, beliefs, and principles that gui…
defines that nature of the profession, guides the actions or…
refers to a set of basic principles or concepts underlying so…
refers to questions concerned with the nature of humankind
Professional Philosophy
refers to the set of values, beliefs, and principles that gui…
OT PHILOSOPHY
defines that nature of the profession, guides the actions or…
212 terms
OTHA 1305 Principles of Occupational Therapy Exam 1
Occupation
Therapy
Goal
Activity
activity in which one engages
Treatment of an illness or disability
End toward which effort is directed
State or condition of being involved
Occupation
activity in which one engages
Therapy
Treatment of an illness or disability
13 terms
OT510 Philosophy of OT; Understanding Occupation and Occupational Science; Occupational Therapy Framework: Domain and Process; - FINAL
Three components of Philosophy:
Epistemology
Ontology
Axiology
Ontology... Epistemology... Axiology
What is knowledge... The knowledge of occupation
What is most real?... The nature of humans
What is right action ... Collaboration with clients-and-environ…
Three components of Philosophy:
Ontology... Epistemology... Axiology
Epistemology
What is knowledge... The knowledge of occupation
15 terms
Chapter 3: Philosophical Principles and Values in Occupational Therapy
what is a professional philosophy
describe the holistic approach of occu…
what are the 8 categories of occupatio…
what are the 5 aspects of occupation a…
refers to the set of values, beliefs, truths, and principles…
-Adolf Meyer... -Interaction of biological psychological, socioc…
ADL... IADL... Rest & sleep... Education... Work... Play... Leisure... Social Part…
1) performance skills - the skills used by people to perform…
what is a professional philosophy
refers to the set of values, beliefs, truths, and principles…
describe the holistic approach of occu…
-Adolf Meyer... -Interaction of biological psychological, socioc…
55 terms
OT 5105 week 2 - foundations for occupational therapy practice with children
Theory
model of practice
development theory
longitudinal development
a set of facts, concepts, and assumptions that are used to de…
the practical expression of theory... provides therapists with…
influence of human biology/maturation and the environment on…
focuses on the stages of development... eg. height and weight…
Theory
a set of facts, concepts, and assumptions that are used to de…
model of practice
the practical expression of theory... provides therapists with…
Chapter 3: Philosophical Principles and Values in Occupational Therapy
What is OT's view of human?
Compare and contrast occupation, activ…
What is meant by the terms occupation…
What are the core concepts of occupati…
Utilizes a holistic approach emphasizing the organic and func…
Occupation: things people do every day that fulfill a need an…
Occupation as a means: use of a specific occupation to bring…
See Box 3-2 on page 29... views humans holistically... views humans…
What is OT's view of human?
Utilizes a holistic approach emphasizing the organic and func…
Compare and contrast occupation, activ…
Occupation: things people do every day that fulfill a need an…
23 terms
Chapter 3: Philosophical Principle and Values in Occupational Therapy
Professional philosophy
Metaphysical
Epistemology
Axiology
refers to the set of values believes and principles that guid…
refers to question is concerned with the nature of mankind (w…
is related to the nature, origin and limits of human knowledge
is concerned with the study of values(ethics)
Professional philosophy
refers to the set of values believes and principles that guid…
Metaphysical
refers to question is concerned with the nature of mankind (w…
18 terms
Occupational Therapy Code of Ethics (Ethical Principles)
Beneficence
Beneficence
nonmaleficence
nonmaleficence
concern for the safety and well-being of clients
recognizing all cultural components, ensure fees are fair, ad…
avoid imposing harm to client
not exploiting client in any way (sexual, emotionally, financ…
Beneficence
concern for the safety and well-being of clients
Beneficence
recognizing all cultural components, ensure fees are fair, ad…
28 terms
Chapter 3: Philosophical Principles and Values in Occupational Therapy
Professional Philosophy
OT PHILOSOPHY
Philosophy
Metaphysical
refers to the set of values, beliefs, and principles that gui…
defines that nature of the profession, guides the actions or…
refers to a set of basic principles or concepts underlying so…
refers to questions concerned with the nature of humankind
Professional Philosophy
refers to the set of values, beliefs, and principles that gui…
OT PHILOSOPHY
defines that nature of the profession, guides the actions or…
7 terms
AOTA occupational therapy code of ethics principles
autonomy, confidentiality
beneficence
Duty
fidelity
occupational therapy personnel shall respect recipients to as…
Occupational therapy personnel shall demonstrate a concern fo…
occupational therapy personnel shall achieve and continually…
occupational therapy personnel shall treat colleagues and oth…
autonomy, confidentiality
occupational therapy personnel shall respect recipients to as…
beneficence
Occupational therapy personnel shall demonstrate a concern fo…
15 terms
Chapter 3: Philosophical Principles and Values in Occupational Therapy
what is a professional philosophy
describe the holistic approach of occu…
what are the 8 categories of occupatio…
what are the 5 aspects of occupation a…
refers to the set of values, beliefs, truths, and principles…
-Adolf Meyer... -Interaction of biological psychological, socioc…
ADL... IADL... Rest & sleep... Education... Work... Play... Leisure... Social Part…
1) performance skills - the skills used by people to perform…
what is a professional philosophy
refers to the set of values, beliefs, truths, and principles…
describe the holistic approach of occu…
-Adolf Meyer... -Interaction of biological psychological, socioc…
30 terms
OT 5015 lecture 9 part A school-based occupational therapy
Relevant legislation
PL-142: The education for all handicap…
PL 99-457: The education for all handi…
Part B preschool services
-EHA (Education handicapped act, 1975) ---> IDEA (Individuals…
All handicapped children have the right to free, appropriate…
Part B... Part H
ages 3-5... _____ of EHA was expanded to provide special educat…
Relevant legislation
-EHA (Education handicapped act, 1975) ---> IDEA (Individuals…
PL-142: The education for all handicap…
All handicapped children have the right to free, appropriate…
11 terms
Foundation Principles of Occupational Therapy (FPOT) - Clinical Reasoning
Define Clinical (professional) reasoni…
What are the 4 things we use clinical…
What are the 8 types of professional r…
Define scientific reasoning...... - give…
Clinical (professional) reasoning is a complex task, it is a…
1) To plan... 2) To direct... 3) To perform... 4) To reflect
1) Scientific... 2) Diagnostic... 3) Procedural... 4) Narrative... 5) Pra…
Reasoning by which the therapist involves the use of applied…
Define Clinical (professional) reasoni…
Clinical (professional) reasoning is a complex task, it is a…
What are the 4 things we use clinical…
1) To plan... 2) To direct... 3) To perform... 4) To reflect
12 terms
Foundation Principles of Occupational Therapy (FPOT) - Activity Analysis
Name and define the 3 types of everyda…
Why is activity analysis important to…
Name the 8 important characteristics o…
Name the 3 Sensory performance compone…
1) Self care - personal activities of daily living, the thing…
Activity analysis is a core skill of occupational therapy bec…
MM-MM ACED... Motivate - it should motivate the individual ... Mir…
1) Sensory processing... 2) Sensory awareness... 3) perceptual proc…
Name and define the 3 types of everyda…
1) Self care - personal activities of daily living, the thing…
Why is activity analysis important to…
Activity analysis is a core skill of occupational therapy bec…
26 terms
Principles of occupational Therapy Unit 2 and 3
What is Occupation Therapy ?
What is philosophy ?
Philosophical base can be divided into…
Metaphysical - what is humankind becom…
A form of therapy for those recuperating from physical or men…
refers to a set of basic principles or concepts somebody's pr…
Metaphysical-refers to questions concerned with the nature of…
A base for a profession designed to enhance a person's abilit…
What is Occupation Therapy ?
A form of therapy for those recuperating from physical or men…
What is philosophy ?
refers to a set of basic principles or concepts somebody's pr…
24 terms
Occupational Therapy Practice: Week 3: Theory and Frames of Reference in OT
Theory (Definition)
Theories help practitioners reason abo…
Propositions
Assumptions
Describes, explains, and predicts behavior... Systematic gatheri…
What to assess... How to understand occupational performance pro…
Formal statements about causes and effects of the nature of r…
Beliefs that are accepted without question... *Distinguishing f…
Theory (Definition)
Describes, explains, and predicts behavior... Systematic gatheri…
Theories help practitioners reason abo…
What to assess... How to understand occupational performance pro…
22 terms
intro to ot chap.2 terms History of Occupational Therapy
Americans with disabilities act of 1990
Individuals with Disabilities Educatio…
arts and crafts movement
balanced budget act of 1997
...
IDEA... -least restrictive environment (1991)... -mainstreaming
...
...
Americans with disabilities act of 1990
...
Individuals with Disabilities Educatio…
IDEA... -least restrictive environment (1991)... -mainstreaming
27 terms
OT 5101 Week 1- An overview of occupational therapy for children
person first language
client centered practice
comprehensive evaluation
ecologic assessment
view the child as a person first then as a diagnosis... -langua…
assessment... team interaction... intervention... lifespan approach- t…
assessing participation and analyzing performance:... -occupati…
physical, family setting, school... how the environment influen…
person first language
view the child as a person first then as a diagnosis... -langua…
client centered practice
assessment... team interaction... intervention... lifespan approach- t…
8 terms
Foundation Principles of Occupational Therapy (FPOT) - Reflective Practice
Define reflective practice.
How can reflective practice help occup…
Name the 4 stages of Kolb's reflective…
What happens during each of these step…
Reflection is an important human activity, it allows us to ca…
It helps us to ... 1) learn from experience... 2) understand what w…
1) Concrete experience ... 2) Reflective observation... 3) Abstract…
1) Concrete experience - doing / having an experience ... 2) Ref…
Define reflective practice.
Reflection is an important human activity, it allows us to ca…
How can reflective practice help occup…
It helps us to ... 1) learn from experience... 2) understand what w…
21 terms
OT5010 Foundation: History of Occupational Therapy & Clinical Reasoning
Occupational Trends
What are the two section of the OTPF d…
What is listed in the domain section?
Areas Of Occupations: Activities orien…
1-Community Practice: Moving away from the medical model ... 2-H…
Domain: What you do? ... Process: How we do it.
1- Areas of Occupations ... 2- Client Factors ... 3- Performance Sk…
1. ADLs ... 2. iADls ... 3. Rest and Sleep... 4. Education ... 5. Work ... 6…
Occupational Trends
1-Community Practice: Moving away from the medical model ... 2-H…
What are the two section of the OTPF d…
Domain: What you do? ... Process: How we do it.
25 terms
Clinical Conditions OT 5012 Conditions in occupational therapy Chapter 1
Altruism
dignity
equality
freedom
SELFLESSNESS ... The unselfish concern for the welfare of others…
RESPECT FOR SELF... the importance of valuing the inherit worth…
requires that all individuals be perceived as having the same…
CHOICE... allows the individual to exercise choice and to demons…
Altruism
SELFLESSNESS ... The unselfish concern for the welfare of others…
dignity
RESPECT FOR SELF... the importance of valuing the inherit worth…
14 terms
intro to OT chap. 10 terms Occupational therapy across life span
adolescence
adulthood
aging
cerebral palsy
the period of development between 12 and 20 years of age
the period of development after 20 years of age. young stage…
the unique changes that occurover time, such as sensory and p…
motor abnormalities caused by an insult to the brain before,…
adolescence
the period of development between 12 and 20 years of age
adulthood
the period of development after 20 years of age. young stage…
22 terms
OT 510 Activity Analysis; Occupational Therapy Code of Ethics - FINAL
Activity analysis
Task analysis
Performance analysis
Occupational analysis
To understand the mental & physical steps of completing a tas…
To identify underlying cause of difficulty of performance com…
Includes qualitative analysis and client-prioritized function…
Includes preceding steps and performance analysis that is hig…
Activity analysis
To understand the mental & physical steps of completing a tas…
Task analysis
To identify underlying cause of difficulty of performance com…
14 terms
OCTH 560 OT manager Chapter 2 Occupational Therapy/Management skills
Hard data
interactive management
multi-tasking
role delineation
aggregated data or information that is acquired through valid…
a management style that promotes open communication, feedback…
a term to describe the ability to perform several task at sam…
defines specific skills and tasks to be performed and also ed…
Hard data
aggregated data or information that is acquired through valid…
interactive management
a management style that promotes open communication, feedback…
40 terms
Intro to OT Ch. 12: Occupational Therapy Process: Evaluation, Intervention, and Outcomes
Evaluation Process
Evaluation
Referral
Screening
- What the client wants and needs... - Identify factors that sup…
- Referral... - Screening... - Evaluation... - Occupational profile…
a request for service for a particular client or a change in…
the process by which the occupational therapy practitioner ga…
Evaluation Process
- What the client wants and needs... - Identify factors that sup…
Evaluation
- Referral... - Screening... - Evaluation... - Occupational profile…
42 terms
Overview Of Occupational Therapy OT Theory A Guide For Practice
Overview
Theory
Frame Of Reference
Model; Practice Model Or Approach
Conceptual foundations of OT/Interdisciplinary Base-Using the…
"A description of a set of phenomena and the relationships am…
"Based on a theory and contains specific elements, asking or…
"Models are used as guides to help us identify problems and p…
Overview
Conceptual foundations of OT/Interdisciplinary Base-Using the…
Theory
"A description of a set of phenomena and the relationships am…
29 terms
Intro to OT Ch. 10: Occupational Therapy Across the Lifespan
Lifespan Stages
Infancy:
Developmental Tasks of Infancy
Settings (working with infants)
Infancy: 0-1... Early Childhood: 1-6... Late Childhood: 6-12... Adoles…
- Being a "good" baby... - Range of "typical" development
- Growth and development... - Gross and fine motor... - Sleep/wake…
- NICU... - Hospitals... - Early intervention centers... - Home
Lifespan Stages
Infancy: 0-1... Early Childhood: 1-6... Late Childhood: 6-12... Adoles…
Infancy:
- Being a "good" baby... - Range of "typical" development
38 terms
Intro to OT Ch. 2: A History of Occupational Therapy
Moral Treatment Era
Men of Moral Treatment Era
Philippe Pinel
William Tuke
- late 1700-1800s... - view that all people regardless of situat…
- Philippe Pinel... - Benjamin Rush... - William Tuke
- French physician who developed "work therapy," to divert il…
first U.S. physician to use moral treatment
Moral Treatment Era
- late 1700-1800s... - view that all people regardless of situat…
Men of Moral Treatment Era
- Philippe Pinel... - Benjamin Rush... - William Tuke
1 of 10