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Study sets matching "oceanography ch chapter 15"

14 terms
Chapter 15 Oceanography
Oceanography
side-scan sonar
sea level
salinity
The study of earth's oceans
directs sound waves to the seafloor at an angle.
The level of the oceans surface
a measure of the amount of dissolved salts in seawater
Oceanography
The study of earth's oceans
side-scan sonar
directs sound waves to the seafloor at an angle.
67 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
D
Epifauna
Spray Zone... Highest High Tide... High Tide…
Lowest High Tide... Middle Tide Zone... High…
Why does the distribution of benthic biomass mimic the distri…
What is:... Benthic organisms on rocky shores... - Attached to subs…
a.... b.... c.
d.... e.... f.
D
Why does the distribution of benthic biomass mimic the distri…
Epifauna
What is:... Benthic organisms on rocky shores... - Attached to subs…
156 terms
Oceanography - Chapter 15
The ___ living groups of marine mammal…
This product of the oxygen revolution…
Biologists currently recognize at leas…
Approximately ___ percent of all zoopl…
Three
Ozone
Thirty Three
Seventy
The ___ living groups of marine mammal…
Three
This product of the oxygen revolution…
Ozone
21 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15 EFSC
Comb Jellies are in the Phylum
Corals are in the Phylum
The Phylum Platyhelmenthis means
The Phylum Nematoda has what organisms?
Ctenophore
Cnidaria
flat worm
round worms
Comb Jellies are in the Phylum
Ctenophore
Corals are in the Phylum
Cnidaria
52 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
The history of animals begins .....
Using sunlight, __________ - probably…
"Oxygen revolution"
During the oxygen revolution, the acti…
far back in the history of the ocean.
the first primary producers
as a byproduct, these autotrophs also gave off oxygen
1%, 20%
The history of animals begins .....
far back in the history of the ocean.
Using sunlight, __________ - probably…
the first primary producers
14 terms
Chapter 15 Oceanography
Oceanography
Side-Scan Sonar
Sea level
Salinity
Study of Earth's oceans
a technique that directs sound waves to the sea floor at an a…
ultimate base level... The average level of the ocean's surface…
The total amount of dissolved salts in a water sample.
Oceanography
Study of Earth's oceans
Side-Scan Sonar
a technique that directs sound waves to the sea floor at an a…
31 terms
Ch 15 Oceanography
Oceanography
Sonar
Volcanism
Sea Level
The study of Earth's oceans, physical properties and organism…
Technique that directs sound waves to the seafloor at an angl…
One of the two main theories on the origin of water on Earth:…
The average level of the surface of the ocean measured along…
Oceanography
The study of Earth's oceans, physical properties and organism…
Sonar
Technique that directs sound waves to the seafloor at an angl…
14 terms
Chapter 15 Physical Oceanography
oceanography
sea level
side-scan sonar
salinity
study of Earth's oceans, including the creatures that inhabit…
level of the oceans surfaces, which is presently rising 1 to…
technique that directs sound waves at an angle to the seafloo…
measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater, which i…
oceanography
study of Earth's oceans, including the creatures that inhabit…
sea level
level of the oceans surfaces, which is presently rising 1 to…
25 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
Which of the following are considered…
Globally, aquaculture produces about _…
The Federal Clean Water Act was passed…
It is estimated that roughly _____% or…
By-catch, ALL THE ABOVE
38
1972
25
Which of the following are considered…
By-catch, ALL THE ABOVE
Globally, aquaculture produces about _…
38
39 terms
oceanography chapter 15
where are benthic organisms most abund…
where is there the most benthos?
what % or known marine species are ben…
rocky, sandy, muddy waters
most abundant on the continental shelf
more benthos underneath areas of high primary productivity
98% of known marine species are benthic
mostly mud in deep sea
where are benthic organisms most abund…
most abundant on the continental shelf
where is there the most benthos?
more benthos underneath areas of high primary productivity
68 terms
Oceanography (Garrison) Chapter 15
Agnatha
ahermatypic
animal
Annelida
The class of jawless fishes: hagfishes and lampreys.
Describing coral species lacking symbiotic zooxanthellae and…
A multicellular organism unable to synthesize its own food an…
The phylum of animals to which segmented worms belong.
Agnatha
The class of jawless fishes: hagfishes and lampreys.
ahermatypic
Describing coral species lacking symbiotic zooxanthellae and…
45 terms
oceanography chapter 15
what are the characteristic of arthrop…
which animal discussed in class are co…
What class is comprised of nautiluses,…
What is considered the most advanced a…
Exoskeleton, Articulation of appendages, Striated muscle (not…
sponges
cephalopoda
chordata
what are the characteristic of arthrop…
Exoskeleton, Articulation of appendages, Striated muscle (not…
which animal discussed in class are co…
sponges
45 terms
oceanography chapter 15
what are the characteristic of arthrop…
which animal discussed in class are co…
What class is comprised of nautiluses,…
What is considered the most advanced a…
Exoskeleton, Articulation of appendages, Striated muscle (not…
sponges
cephalopoda
chordata
what are the characteristic of arthrop…
Exoskeleton, Articulation of appendages, Striated muscle (not…
which animal discussed in class are co…
sponges
10 terms
Oceanography chapter 15
Taxonomy
Invertebrates
Vertebrates
Survival of Species
Kingdom,Phylum,Class,Order,Family,Genus,Species,-race (King P…
Soft bodied, no skeleton but can have hard shell
internal skeleton, most humans have them
depends on having living offspring
Taxonomy
Kingdom,Phylum,Class,Order,Family,Genus,Species,-race (King P…
Invertebrates
Soft bodied, no skeleton but can have hard shell
12 terms
Oceanography chapter 15
Distance between the centers of both b…
Effect of inertia
- all of the above (coastal estuarine…
An amphidromic point
When calculating the gravitational attraction between the moo…
Which of these concepts was not added by Laplace in modifying…
which of the following processes is/are affected by the tides?
The concept of a node in the resonant oscillation phenomenon…
Distance between the centers of both b…
When calculating the gravitational attraction between the moo…
Effect of inertia
Which of these concepts was not added by Laplace in modifying…
23 terms
Chapter 15 vocab. Oceanography
Salinity
Thermocline
Density
Pycnocline
The proportion of dissolved salts to pure water, usually expr…
A layer of water in which there is a rapid change in temperat…
Mass per unit volume of a substance, usually expressed as gra…
A layer of water in which there is a rapid change of density…
Salinity
The proportion of dissolved salts to pure water, usually expr…
Thermocline
A layer of water in which there is a rapid change in temperat…
Oceanography Chapter 15
cyanobacteria
oxygen revolution
oxygen revolution
2 billion to 400 billion years ago
using sunlight, assembled their own food from inorganic molec…
Autotrophs also gave off oxygen sparking what?
the activity of photosynthetic autotrophs changed the composi…
How long ago was the oxygen revolution?
cyanobacteria
using sunlight, assembled their own food from inorganic molec…
oxygen revolution
Autotrophs also gave off oxygen sparking what?
24 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
Annelid
bivalve
sessile
polyp
A phylum of elongated segmented worms.
A mollusk, such as an oyster or a clam, that has a shell cons…
Permanently attached to the substrate and not free to move ab…
A single individual of a colony or a solitary attached cnidar…
Annelid
A phylum of elongated segmented worms.
bivalve
A mollusk, such as an oyster or a clam, that has a shell cons…
90 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
Zooplankton
Zooplankton classes
Protista
Foraminifera
floating animals, (2mn-flagellates & protists up to several m…
heterotrophs, pimary consumers/herbivores (feed on phytoplank…
Foraminifera and radiolaria
calcareous shell composed of a series of chambers, ooze sedim…
Zooplankton
floating animals, (2mn-flagellates & protists up to several m…
Zooplankton classes
heterotrophs, pimary consumers/herbivores (feed on phytoplank…
37 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
inhabit the surface of the ocean floor
percentage of the 250,000 known marine…
species diversity depends on
the biomass of benthic organisms close…
epifauna
98%
ability to adapt to the conditions of their environment, part…
photosynthetic productivity
inhabit the surface of the ocean floor
epifauna
percentage of the 250,000 known marine…
98%
16 terms
Chapter 15: oceanography
Surface mixed zone
Transition zone
Deep zone
Phyroplankton
Top 2 percent of the ocean water andbhad the lowest density i…
Middle 18 percent of the ocean water and has medium water den…
Bottom 80 percent of the ocean water and has the highest dens…
Algae plankton which are the most important community of prim…
Surface mixed zone
Top 2 percent of the ocean water andbhad the lowest density i…
Transition zone
Middle 18 percent of the ocean water and has medium water den…
16 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
High Tide Zones
Middle Tide Zone
Low Tide Zone
Nematocysts
Relatively dry and covered only by the highest high tides
Alternately covered by all high tides and exposed during all…
Usually wet but is exposed during the lowest low tides. Almos…
Stinging needlelike cells that cover tentacles
High Tide Zones
Relatively dry and covered only by the highest high tides
Middle Tide Zone
Alternately covered by all high tides and exposed during all…
14 terms
Chapter 15: Oceanography
oceanography
sea level
side-scan sonar
salinity
Study of Earth's oceans
The average level of the surface of the ocean measured along…
a technique that directs sound waves to the seafloor at an an…
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
oceanography
Study of Earth's oceans
sea level
The average level of the surface of the ocean measured along…
59 terms
Chapter 15 oceanography
benthic biomass
benthic organisms
macroorganisms
high competition for what in the rocky…
matches surface chlorophyll
live mainly on continental shelves; depend on food supply fro…
rocky shores are populated by
living space
benthic biomass
matches surface chlorophyll
benthic organisms
live mainly on continental shelves; depend on food supply fro…
80 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
KEY CONCEPT - Animals could not evolve…
KEY CONCEPT - More than 90% of all liv…
KEY CONCEPT - By nearly any criterion,…
KEY CONCEPT - The Chordates possess a…
...
...
...
...
KEY CONCEPT - Animals could not evolve…
...
KEY CONCEPT - More than 90% of all liv…
...
25 terms
Oceanography chapter 15
Sessile
Polyp
Annelid
Infauna
Permanently attached to the substrate and not free to move ab…
A single individual of a colony or a solitary attached cnidar…
A phylum of elongated segmented worms
Animals that live buried in the soft substrate
Sessile
Permanently attached to the substrate and not free to move ab…
Polyp
A single individual of a colony or a solitary attached cnidar…
58 terms
oceanography chapter 15
biomass
epifauna
spring, dry, wet, low
intertidal
Benthic (blank) matches surface chlorophyll distribution.
--attached to substrate (eg. marine algae)... --move over sea fl…
Intertidal Zonations... --spray zones: above (blank) tide zone... -…
--(blank) zone... --high tide zone: relatively dry... --middle ti…
biomass
Benthic (blank) matches surface chlorophyll distribution.
epifauna
--attached to substrate (eg. marine algae)... --move over sea fl…
48 terms
Chapter 15 Oceanography
abrasion
backshore
barrier island
baymouth bar
the grinding and scraping of a rock surface by the friction a…
the inner portion of the shore, lying landward of the high-ti…
a low, elongate ridge of sand that parallels the coast
a sandbar that completely crosses a bay, sealing it off from…
abrasion
the grinding and scraping of a rock surface by the friction a…
backshore
the inner portion of the shore, lying landward of the high-ti…
24 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
annelid
bivalve
sessile
polyp
a phylum of elongated segmented worms
a mollusk, such as an oyster or a clam, that has a shell cons…
permanently attached to the substrate and not free to move ab…
a single individual of a colony or a solitary attached cnidar…
annelid
a phylum of elongated segmented worms
bivalve
a mollusk, such as an oyster or a clam, that has a shell cons…
25 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
Abyssal storm
Annelid
Archaea
Biomass
Storm-like occurrences of rapid current movement affecting th…
A phylum of elongated segmented worms.
One of the three major domains of life. The domain consists o…
The total mass of a defined organism or group of organisms in…
Abyssal storm
Storm-like occurrences of rapid current movement affecting th…
Annelid
A phylum of elongated segmented worms.
33 terms
Oceanography chapter 15
prevailing winds
warm
right
This route followed both the prevailin…
The energy that drives surface ocean currents such as the Gul…
A poleward-moving ocean current is ________.
Because of the Coriolis effect, surface ocean currents are de…
When Europeans first came to the new world they would typical…
prevailing winds
The energy that drives surface ocean currents such as the Gul…
warm
A poleward-moving ocean current is ________.
30 terms
Ch 15 Oceanography
Oceanography
Sonar
Volcanism
Sea Level
The study of Earth's oceans, physical properties and organism…
Technique that directs sound waves to the seafloor at an angl…
One of the two main theories on the origin of water on Earth:…
The average level of the surface of the ocean measured along…
Oceanography
The study of Earth's oceans, physical properties and organism…
Sonar
Technique that directs sound waves to the seafloor at an angl…
68 terms
Oceanography (Garrison) Chapter 15
Agnatha
ahermatypic
animal
Annelida
The class of jawless fishes: hagfishes and lampreys.
Describing coral species lacking symbiotic zooxanthellae and…
A multicellular organism unable to synthesize its own food an…
The phylum of animals to which segmented worms belong.
Agnatha
The class of jawless fishes: hagfishes and lampreys.
ahermatypic
Describing coral species lacking symbiotic zooxanthellae and…
39 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15 & 16
Which of the following are considered…
Globally, aquaculture produces about _…
The Federal Clean Water Act was passed…
It is estimated that roughly _____% or…
Turtles in shrimp trawls, porpoise in tuna nets, and birds in…
38
1972
25
Which of the following are considered…
Turtles in shrimp trawls, porpoise in tuna nets, and birds in…
Globally, aquaculture produces about _…
38
42 terms
Oceanography chapter 15
Oxygen revolution
Animal
Phylum
Invertebrates
between about 2 billion and 400 million years ago, the activi…
multicellular organism unable to synthesize its own food and…
a group of animals that shares similar architecture, level of…
generally soft-bodied animals that lack a rigid internal skel…
Oxygen revolution
between about 2 billion and 400 million years ago, the activi…
Animal
multicellular organism unable to synthesize its own food and…
68 terms
Chapter 15 Oceanography
more benthos beneath areas of ___ prim…
Benthic organisms on rocky shores has…
greatest animal diversity for benthic…
greatest algae diversity for benthic o…
high
moderate
tropical
mid
more benthos beneath areas of ___ prim…
high
Benthic organisms on rocky shores has…
moderate
74 terms
Oceanography: Chapter 15 - Chapter 16
pelagic
pelagic
pelagic
zooplankton
buoyancy increased animal
gas chambers (swimming bladder) animal
increasing projections animals
microscopic
pelagic
buoyancy increased animal
pelagic
gas chambers (swimming bladder) animal
14 terms
Chapter 15 Physical Oceanography
oceanography
sea level
side-scan sonar
salinity
study of Earth's oceans, including the creatures that inhabit…
level of the oceans surfaces, which is presently rising 1 to…
technique that directs sound waves at an angle to the seafloo…
measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater, which i…
oceanography
study of Earth's oceans, including the creatures that inhabit…
sea level
level of the oceans surfaces, which is presently rising 1 to…
16 terms
Chapter 15- Oceanography #2
Surface Mixed Zone
Transition Zone
Deep Zone
Plankton
Top 2% of the ocean water and has lowest density in the ocean…
Middle 18% of the ocean water and has medium density. Transit…
Bottom 80% of the ocean waters and has the highest density in…
Tiny passively or weakly swimming organisms that cannot move…
Surface Mixed Zone
Top 2% of the ocean water and has lowest density in the ocean…
Transition Zone
Middle 18% of the ocean water and has medium density. Transit…
50 terms
Chapter 15 & 16 Oceanography
Sidescan Sonar
The Challenger
Where did ocean water come from? Theor…
Where did ocean water come from? Theor…
A specialized system for detecting objects on the sea floor.…
A British ship that was the first to use relatively sophistic…
Comets in the solar system collide with Earth, impacts releas…
Gas from volcanic eruptions is erupted into the atmosphere an…
Sidescan Sonar
A specialized system for detecting objects on the sea floor.…
The Challenger
A British ship that was the first to use relatively sophistic…
27 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15 Review
coral (muddy tropical, muddy temperate…
crown of thorns sea star (muddy tropic…
eel grass (muddy tropical, muddy tempe…
kelp (muddy tropical, muddy temperate,…
rocky tropical
rocky tropical
muddy temperate
rocky temperate
coral (muddy tropical, muddy temperate…
rocky tropical
crown of thorns sea star (muddy tropic…
rocky tropical
15 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
Coral Bleaching
Coral
Ocean Acidification
Fisheries
loss of color in corals; under high temperatures, coral expel…
a rock, animal and a plant
when carbon dioxide mixes with water it forms carbonic acid s…
fish caught from the ocean by commercial fishers; most from h…
Coral Bleaching
loss of color in corals; under high temperatures, coral expel…
Coral
a rock, animal and a plant
35 terms
Oceanography 251 Chapter 15
Epifauna
Distribution of benthic organisms
Rocky shore can be divided into
High tide zone
Organisms found on the surface of the ocean floor
Lowest biomass is beneath the centers of the subtropical gyre…
Spray zone, above spring high tide, and intertidal zone, betw…
Relatively dry and is covered only by the highest high tides,…
Epifauna
Organisms found on the surface of the ocean floor
Distribution of benthic organisms
Lowest biomass is beneath the centers of the subtropical gyre…
13 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
What do we call a group of animals tha…
Describe the characteristics of Phylum…
Describe characteristics of Phylum Cni…
Describe characteristics of Phylum Mol…
Phylum
Phylum Porifera: The phylum in which sponges belong and are t…
- Carnivorous animals... Examples: jelly fish, sea anemones and…
- Soft-bodied... - second in size... - most have an external or int…
What do we call a group of animals tha…
Phylum
Describe the characteristics of Phylum…
Phylum Porifera: The phylum in which sponges belong and are t…
49 terms
Chapter 15 & 16 Oceanography
Sidescan Sonar
The Challenger
Where did ocean water come from? Theor…
Where did ocean water come from? Theor…
A specialized system for detecting objects on the seafloor. I…
A British ship that was the first to use relatively sophistic…
Comets in the solar system collide with Earth, impacts releas…
Gas from volcanic eruptions is erupted into the atmosphere an…
Sidescan Sonar
A specialized system for detecting objects on the seafloor. I…
The Challenger
A British ship that was the first to use relatively sophistic…
14 terms
Chapter 15: Physical Oceanography
Oceanography
Sea Level
Side-scan Sonar
Salinity
Study of Earth's oceans
The average height of the ocean's surface, zero elevation
A technique that directs sound waves to the seafloor at an an…
A measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
Oceanography
Study of Earth's oceans
Sea Level
The average height of the ocean's surface, zero elevation
53 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15
Characteristics of Seals
Characteristics of Sea lions
Characteristics of arthropods
What is a kingdom?
Have smooth heads with no external ear, don't have an underpe…
Have external ears, have an underpelt, and have a greater ran…
There are over a million species of arthopods, occupy at the…
Largest category of biological classification. There are 5 ki…
Characteristics of Seals
Have smooth heads with no external ear, don't have an underpe…
Characteristics of Sea lions
Have external ears, have an underpelt, and have a greater ran…
29 terms
Oceanography Chapter 15 Homework
The amount of life on the ocean floor…
The subtidal rocky bottom zone along t…
Organic matter decomposes most slowly…
A predatory echinoderm that lives and…
the productivity of the surface above it
kelp
Mud flats
Sand star
The amount of life on the ocean floor…
the productivity of the surface above it
The subtidal rocky bottom zone along t…
kelp
40 terms
oceanography chapter 15
animals could not evolve until?
photosynthetic autotrophs:
invertebrates:
what are the most successful of earths…
atmospheric oxygen was abundant
changed the composition of the atmosphere during the "oxygen…
animals without backbones
criterion and arthropods
animals could not evolve until?
atmospheric oxygen was abundant
photosynthetic autotrophs:
changed the composition of the atmosphere during the "oxygen…
12 terms
Chapter 15 Oceanography Science
Oceanography
Sea Level
Salinity
Temperature Profile
Study of Earth's oceans including the creatures that inhabit…
Level of the Ocean's surfaces, which is presently rising 1 to…
Measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater, which i…
Plots changing ocean water temperatures with depth, which var…
Oceanography
Study of Earth's oceans including the creatures that inhabit…
Sea Level
Level of the Ocean's surfaces, which is presently rising 1 to…
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