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Study sets matching "oceanography chapter 8"

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Study sets matching "oceanography chapter 8"

40 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Body
Longitudinal
Water depth
wind-generated waves
A ____ wave is a wave that needs some sort of medium to trave…
A wave where particals shift in a direction parallel to the w…
What determines the speed of a shallow water wave
Most of the ocean's wave energy on any given day, at any give…
Body
A ____ wave is a wave that needs some sort of medium to trave…
Longitudinal
A wave where particals shift in a direction parallel to the w…
Oceanography Chapter 8
Body
Longitudinal
Water depth
wind-generated waves
A ____ wave is a wave that needs some sort of medium to trave…
A wave where particals shift in a direction parallel to the w…
What determines the speed of a shallow water wave
Most of the ocean's wave energy on any given day, at any give…
Body
A ____ wave is a wave that needs some sort of medium to trave…
Longitudinal
A wave where particals shift in a direction parallel to the w…
37 terms
Chapter 8 Oceanography
Cod
Salmon
Manta Ray
Whale Shark
Caught for its meat and the oil in its liver. It is also high…
This fish is unique because it always leaves the ocean and re…
This fish has huge winglike fins.
The largest fish of all.
Cod
Caught for its meat and the oil in its liver. It is also high…
Salmon
This fish is unique because it always leaves the ocean and re…
28 terms
Chapter 8 Review: Oceanography
What fish is caught for its meat and f…
What fish is unique because it always…
What fish has huge wing like fins whic…
What fish is the largest fish of all?
cod
salmon
manta ray
whale shark
What fish is caught for its meat and f…
cod
What fish is unique because it always…
salmon
39 terms
Chapter 8: Oceanography 1
Oceanography
How much of the earth's area is made u…
4 Major Oceans and Their Sizes
Salinity
The study of the oceans
71%
1. Pacific (1/2 ocean floor)... 2. Atlantic (1/2 of Pacific size…
Total amount of solid material dissolved in water
Oceanography
The study of the oceans
How much of the earth's area is made u…
71%
50 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Coastal wetlands are important because…
Nor'easters most frequently occur in
the sequence of stages in the life cyc…
The U.S. Pacific continental margin is…
all the above
October through April
tropical disturbance, tropical depression, tropical storm, hu…
tectonically active
Coastal wetlands are important because…
all the above
Nor'easters most frequently occur in
October through April
63 terms
Oceanography chapter 8
Disturbing force
wind blowing
ocean waves
atmospheric waves
What is the energy that causes ocean waves to form?
________ ________ across the surface of the ocean is an examp…
-formed at interface between air and sea. (air-water)
-formed at density boundary between two different air masses.…
Disturbing force
What is the energy that causes ocean waves to form?
wind blowing
________ ________ across the surface of the ocean is an examp…
27 terms
Chapter 8 Oceanography
Depth at which waves break..
Depth of the circular motion of water…
Diameter of orbital wave ..
Wave speed ....
Steepness; 1:7
wavelength /2
Wave Height
Wavelength / period
Depth at which waves break..
Steepness; 1:7
Depth of the circular motion of water…
wavelength /2
50 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Coastal wetlands are important because…
Nor'easters most frequently occur in
the sequence of stages in the life cyc…
The U.S. Pacific continental margin is…
all the above
October through April
tropical disturbance, tropical depression, tropical storm, hu…
tectonically active
Coastal wetlands are important because…
all the above
Nor'easters most frequently occur in
October through April
25 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Air-water interface
Air-air interface
Water-water interface
Splash waves
movement of air across the ocean surface creates ocean waves
movement of different air masses creates atmospheric waves
movement of water of different densities creates internal waves
mass movement into the ocean such as coastal landslides/large…
Air-water interface
movement of air across the ocean surface creates ocean waves
Air-air interface
movement of different air masses creates atmospheric waves
41 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Disturbing force
Capillary Wave
Wind Wave
Tsunami
What causes waves to form?
A tiny wave with a wavelength less than 1.73 cm; first waves…
Blowing wind over the surface
A huge destructive wave (caused by an earthquake) long wavele…
Disturbing force
What causes waves to form?
Capillary Wave
A tiny wave with a wavelength less than 1.73 cm; first waves…
9 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Atmosphere
Weather
Climate
The Coriolis Effect
volume of mixed gas
short term state of atmosphere
long term average weather
An object moving in the north direction will move to the righ…
Atmosphere
volume of mixed gas
Weather
short term state of atmosphere
32 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Body
Longitudinal
Water depth
wind-generated waves
A ____ wave is a wave that needs some sort of medium to trave…
A wave where particals shift in a direction parallel to the w…
What determines the speed of a shallow water wave
Most of the ocean's wave energy on any given day, at any give…
Body
A ____ wave is a wave that needs some sort of medium to trave…
Longitudinal
A wave where particals shift in a direction parallel to the w…
46 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Chapter Overview
Wave Generation
Types of Waves
Wave Movement
• Most waves are wind-driven.... • Most waves are generated by s…
• Disturbing force causes waves to form.... • Wind blowing acros…
Internal Waves ... • Associated with pycnocline... • Larger than su…
• Waves transmit energy ... • Cyclic motion of particles in ocea…
Chapter Overview
• Most waves are wind-driven.... • Most waves are generated by s…
Wave Generation
• Disturbing force causes waves to form.... • Wind blowing acros…
17 terms
Chapter 8 Oceanography
Atmosphere
Troposphere
Wind
Weather
the volume of gases, water vapor, and airborne particles enve…
the turbulent layer in which nearly all weather occurs, begin…
Mass movement of air
the state of the atmosphere at a specific time and place
Atmosphere
the volume of gases, water vapor, and airborne particles enve…
Troposphere
the turbulent layer in which nearly all weather occurs, begin…
42 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Water density
Average direction of wind sets the __…
Even when wind changes, water is defle…
How is surface water deflected in N He…
1000 times that of air
Surface water/current
The Coriolis effect
45 degrees right from the wind direction
Water density
1000 times that of air
Average direction of wind sets the __…
Surface water/current
63 terms
Oceanography chapter 8
Disturbing force
wind blowing
ocean waves
atmospheric waves
What is the energy that causes ocean waves to form?
________ ________ across the surface of the ocean is an examp…
-formed at interface between air and sea. (air-water)
-formed at density boundary between two different air masses.…
Disturbing force
What is the energy that causes ocean waves to form?
wind blowing
________ ________ across the surface of the ocean is an examp…
41 terms
Oceanography (Garrison) Chapter 8
air mass
atmosphere
atmospheric circulation cell
Bjerknes, Vilhelm
A large mass of air with nearly uniform temperature, humidity…
The envelope of gases that surround a planet and are held to…
Large circuit of air driven by uneven solar heating and the C…
(1862-1951) Pioneering Norwegian physicist and discoverer of…
air mass
A large mass of air with nearly uniform temperature, humidity…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surround a planet and are held to…
52 terms
Oceanography CHAPTER 8
Earth's atmosphere and ocean are ___.…
Gases entering the atmosphere from the…
Gases entering the ocean from the atmo…
The atmosphere is composed mainly of
intertwined. freely exchanged
the climate
1.. sediment deposition... 2. the distribution of life... 3. some o…
1. Nitrogen... 2. Oxygen... 3. Water Vapor
Earth's atmosphere and ocean are ___.…
intertwined. freely exchanged
Gases entering the atmosphere from the…
the climate
53 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Internal wave
Orbital waves
What generates most ocean waves
Ratio of wave height to wavelength at…
movement of water of different densities along a water-water…
waves at the ocean surface involving longitudinal and transve…
movement of air across the air-water interface
steepness = 1:7
Internal wave
movement of water of different densities along a water-water…
Orbital waves
waves at the ocean surface involving longitudinal and transve…
28 terms
Chapter 8 Oceanography
Shallow Waves
Deep Waves
Shallow Waves Speed
Deep Waves Speed
Depth of ocean is less than 1/20*wavelength
Depth of ocean is greater than 1/2*wavelength
C = sqrt(g*d), speed depends on depth
C = (wavelength/period), speed depends on wavelength
Shallow Waves
Depth of ocean is less than 1/20*wavelength
Deep Waves
Depth of ocean is greater than 1/2*wavelength
24 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
What kind of is a wave generated by a…
Shallow-water waves will change direct…
In what kind of motion do water partic…
In what kind of shape do water particl…
Seismic Sea Wave
Refraction
Orbital
Back and forth oscillatory
What kind of is a wave generated by a…
Seismic Sea Wave
Shallow-water waves will change direct…
Refraction
17 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8 Review
Dicuss several different ways in which…
Why is the development of internal wav…
Discuss, longitudinal, transverse, orb…
Can a wave with a wavelength of 14 met…
A. Wind, Gravity, ... B. Most ocean waves are caused by wind
The development of internal waves are likely within the pycno…
Longitudinal waves: the particles that vibrate "push and pull…
No because it's wave steepness would be too great. Ratio cann…
Dicuss several different ways in which…
A. Wind, Gravity, ... B. Most ocean waves are caused by wind
Why is the development of internal wav…
The development of internal waves are likely within the pycno…
24 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8 EFSC
20%
64%
6%
51%
1
5
3
4
20%
1
64%
5
45 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Disturbing Force
Disturbing Forces
Waves
Longitudinal Waves
causes waves to form; waves happen at the interface of fluids…
Air-ocean interface; ocean waves. air-air interface; atmosphe…
energy in motion
sound; push out waves; compress and decompress as they travel…
Disturbing Force
causes waves to form; waves happen at the interface of fluids…
Disturbing Forces
Air-ocean interface; ocean waves. air-air interface; atmosphe…
35 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8 - Waves
Wave Height
Wavelength
Wave Steepness
Disturbing force
Crest minus Trough
distance from one crest to the next or distance from one trou…
Wave Height/wavelength
causes waves to form
Wave Height
Crest minus Trough
Wavelength
distance from one crest to the next or distance from one trou…
42 terms
Science Chapter 8 Oceanography
Matthew F. Maury
Oceanography
Currents
Gulf Stream
the first man to make an orderly study of the sea
the scientific study of the ocean
a flowing stream within the ocean
a warm ocean current flowing from the Gulf of Mexico
Matthew F. Maury
the first man to make an orderly study of the sea
Oceanography
the scientific study of the ocean
23 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8 Test
Energy
Disturbing force
Interface
Ocean waves
Waves are moving ___
The energy is that causes waves is called
Waves travel along an
Air-water interaction causes
Energy
Waves are moving ___
Disturbing force
The energy is that causes waves is called
35 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
A disturbance that carries energy thro…
What is needed to create a wave?
In a wave, is it the energy or the med…
Most energy is found in what kind of w…
Wave
an energy source
the ENERGY
gravity waves with periods of about 3-10s
A disturbance that carries energy thro…
Wave
What is needed to create a wave?
an energy source
45 terms
Oceanography: Chapter 8
Water evaporated from the ocean surfac…
Most weather occurs in which of the fo…
Which gas comprises 20.9% of Earth's a…
Volume of gases, water vapor, and airb…
Wind
Troposphere
Oxygen
Atmosphere
Water evaporated from the ocean surfac…
Wind
Most weather occurs in which of the fo…
Troposphere
24 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8 EFSC
20%
64%
6%
51%
1
5
3
4
20%
1
64%
5
7 terms
Oceanography: Chapter 8
Why is solar heating uneven? Describe…
What causes the seasons on earth?
What is an atmospheric circulation cel…
How many atmospheric circulation cells…
The difference is due to the 23 1/2 tilt of earth's rotationa…
The tilt of earth's rotational axis
Atmospheric circulation cell: large circuits of air driven by…
3... ferrel cells: mid-latitude circulation cells... polar cells-…
Why is solar heating uneven? Describe…
The difference is due to the 23 1/2 tilt of earth's rotationa…
What causes the seasons on earth?
The tilt of earth's rotational axis
59 terms
Chapter 8 Oceanography
Match the term with the appropriate ph…
Match the term with the appropriate ph…
Match the term or person with the appr…
Match the term or person with the appr…
the energy that causes ocean waves to form
movement of different air masses along an air-air interface
steepness = 1:7
wave height
Match the term with the appropriate ph…
the energy that causes ocean waves to form
Match the term with the appropriate ph…
movement of different air masses along an air-air interface
31 terms
Lecture Chapter 8 Oceanography
How do all ocean waves begin as?
Types of releases of energy (6)
How do waves transmit energy?
Particles in ocean waves move in what…
Disturbances that are caused by releases of energy
wind... movement of fluids of different densities (internal wave…
through matter by setting up oscillatory motion
orbital ... longitudinal... transverse
How do all ocean waves begin as?
Disturbances that are caused by releases of energy
Types of releases of energy (6)
wind... movement of fluids of different densities (internal wave…
Oceanography Chapter 8
What is the crest of a wave?
What is the trough of a wave?
What is the wave height?
What is the wavelength?
the highest part of the wave
the lowest part of the wave
the distance between the highest and lowest part of the wave
the distance between consecutive wave crests or troughs.
What is the crest of a wave?
the highest part of the wave
What is the trough of a wave?
the lowest part of the wave
41 terms
Oceanography (Garrison) Chapter 8
air mass
atmosphere
atmospheric circulation cell
Bjerknes, Vilhelm
A large mass of air with nearly uniform temperature, humidity…
The envelope of gases that surround a planet and are held to…
Large circuit of air driven by uneven solar heating and the C…
(1862-1951) Pioneering Norwegian physicist and discoverer of…
air mass
A large mass of air with nearly uniform temperature, humidity…
atmosphere
The envelope of gases that surround a planet and are held to…
6 terms
Chapter 8 Oceanography
stratification of atmosphere
atmosphere
climate
weather
-mesophere (least amount of oxygen at the top, the most stabl…
what is above the land. ... -gases that envelop earth, also wate…
long-term statistical sum of weather in a given area. This is…
state of the atmosphere at a particular time and place. on a…
stratification of atmosphere
-mesophere (least amount of oxygen at the top, the most stabl…
atmosphere
what is above the land. ... -gases that envelop earth, also wate…
58 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
•Located between the high and low tide…
Refers to the open ocean waters (not c…
Refers to bottom waters and the organi…
-drifting organisms... -includes... -bacteri…
Neriticor Intertidal Zone
Pelagic
Benthic
Planktonic
•Located between the high and low tide…
Neriticor Intertidal Zone
Refers to the open ocean waters (not c…
Pelagic
21 terms
mastering oceanography chapter 8
the diameter of the orbital wave at th…
wavelength over period tells you what
the ratio of wave height to wavelength…
the horizontal distance between two wa…
wave height
wave speed
1:7
wavelength
the diameter of the orbital wave at th…
wave height
wavelength over period tells you what
wave speed
50 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Coastal wetlands are important because…
Nor'easters most frequently occur in
the sequence of stages in the life cyc…
The U.S. Pacific continental margin is…
all the above
October through April
tropical disturbance, tropical depression, tropical storm, hu…
tectonically active
Coastal wetlands are important because…
all the above
Nor'easters most frequently occur in
October through April
13 terms
oceanography chapter 8
most ocean waves are caused by _____ b…
types of waves
the ocean transmits wave energy by ___…
exist in water that is deeper than wav…
wind, releases of energy in the ocean
longitudinal, transverse, orbital
circular orbital motion
deep water waves
most ocean waves are caused by _____ b…
wind, releases of energy in the ocean
types of waves
longitudinal, transverse, orbital
12 terms
Chapter 8 Oceanography
The maximum diameter of a water partic…
The speed of a shallow water wave vari…
Wave height of wind waves depends on
Water particle orbits for a shallow wa…
height.
the depth of the water
windspeed and duration and fetch.
elliptic and flatten with depth.
The maximum diameter of a water partic…
height.
The speed of a shallow water wave vari…
the depth of the water
18 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
Crest
Trough
Wind
12 hours, 25 minutes or 24 hours, 50 m…
Hide Tide
Low Tide
Deep water is not effected by?
Plotting the vertical position of sea level over a day reveal…
Crest
Hide Tide
Trough
Low Tide
20 terms
Chapter 8 oceanography
Disturbing force
Ocean waves
Mospheric
Internal waves
The energy that causes ocean waves to form
The movement of air across the ocean surface
Represented like ripplelike clouds in the sky
The movement of water of different densities
Disturbing force
The energy that causes ocean waves to form
Ocean waves
The movement of air across the ocean surface
45 terms
OCEANOGRAPHY CHAPTER 8
disturbing force
surface waves
internal waves
atmospheric waves
the energy that causes waves to form is called a (blank)
air-ocean interface
water-water interface
air-air interface
disturbing force
the energy that causes waves to form is called a (blank)
surface waves
air-ocean interface
36 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8 Vocabulary
ocean currents
equatorial currents
equatorial countercurrent
western boundary current
masses of ocean water that flow from one place to another
surface currents that travel westward along the Equator; caus…
surface currents that travel eastward along the Equator and m…
equatorial currents that are deflected away from the equator…
ocean currents
masses of ocean water that flow from one place to another
equatorial currents
surface currents that travel westward along the Equator; caus…
8 terms
Oceanography chapter 8
tidal range
semidiurnal
mixed tides
spring tide
the vertical distance between high tide (the crest) and low t…
twice daily
vary irregularly twice daily
A tide with the greatest difference between low and high tides
tidal range
the vertical distance between high tide (the crest) and low t…
semidiurnal
twice daily
Oceanography Chapter 8- Waves
Disturbing Force
Ocean Waves
Atmospheric Waves
Internal Waves
The energy that causes waves to form
The movement of air across the ocean surface along an air-wat…
The movement of different air masses along an air-air interfa…
The movement of water of different densities along a water-wa…
Disturbing Force
The energy that causes waves to form
Ocean Waves
The movement of air across the ocean surface along an air-wat…
Oceanography Chapter 8
Nitrogen... Oxygen... Water Vapor
Atlantic Hurricane season of 2005
to the right
to the left
The atmosphere is composed mainly of:
What most destructive hurricane season ever recorded?
Moving objects tend to move in which direction of their initi…
Moving objects tend to move in which direction of their initi…
Nitrogen... Oxygen... Water Vapor
The atmosphere is composed mainly of:
Atlantic Hurricane season of 2005
What most destructive hurricane season ever recorded?
40 terms
Oceanography Chapter 8
100,000+ known species
most are marine
soft body often covered by shell
foot for movement
phylum Mollusca
phylum Mollusca
phylum Mollusca
phylum Mollusca
100,000+ known species
phylum Mollusca
most are marine
phylum Mollusca
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