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Study sets matching "oceanography waves tides"

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Study sets matching "oceanography waves tides"

55 terms
Oceanography (Ocean Waves and Tides)
Tsunami are longer versions of ______.
Tides in the open ocean are called what?
Sea wave
Highest point reached by the water sur…
tides
Ocean waves
oscillation on the ocean surface that propagates along the in…
crest; trough
Tsunami are longer versions of ______.
tides
Tides in the open ocean are called what?
Ocean waves
48 terms
oceanography waves, currents and tides
Waves
Waves are created by releases of energ…
How are waves developed through wind?
What pattern do water molecules typica…
Periodic up and down movement of the ocean surface
Wind, underwater sea floor movement, pull of moon and sun (ti…
Friction between the air and water causes the wind to pull th…
Water molecules typically move in up and down, circular patte…
Waves
Periodic up and down movement of the ocean surface
Waves are created by releases of energ…
Wind, underwater sea floor movement, pull of moon and sun (ti…
24 terms
Oceanography: Tides, Currents and Waves
One World Ocean
What are the 5 Oceans?
What are the 5 largest seas?
Seawater
Covers 70% of the earth's surface.... Average depth of 2.4 miles…
Arctic Ocean... Southern Ocean... Pacific Ocean... Atlantic Ocean... Indi…
The South China Sea... The Caribbean Sea ... The Mediterranean Sea…
water and dissolved materials mixed together
One World Ocean
Covers 70% of the earth's surface.... Average depth of 2.4 miles…
What are the 5 Oceans?
Arctic Ocean... Southern Ocean... Pacific Ocean... Atlantic Ocean... Indi…
25 terms
Oceanography: Tides & Waves
What are the basic causes of tides?
In an idealized Earth with uniform oce…
During what conditions are tidal range…
During what conditions are tidal range…
The complex interaction between the Earth, moon, and sun. MOS…
Two
Spring tides
Neap Tides
What are the basic causes of tides?
The complex interaction between the Earth, moon, and sun. MOS…
In an idealized Earth with uniform oce…
Two
53 terms
Oceanography, Waves, Tides Review
What percent of the world is covered i…
What has more land? Northern or Southe…
Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
71%
Northern Hemisphere
is the largest ocean and has the deepest point, covers 28% of…
is located between Africa, Europe, Arctic Ocean, America, and…
What percent of the world is covered i…
71%
What has more land? Northern or Southe…
Northern Hemisphere
30 terms
Oceanography- Waves and Tides
The diameters of deep water wave orbit…
The speed of a shallow water wave chan…
A tsunami in the open ocean is a shall…
Storm waves in the open sea are likely…
T
F
T
F
The diameters of deep water wave orbit…
T
The speed of a shallow water wave chan…
F
25 terms
Oceanography: Waves & Tides
Deepwater Waves
Neap Tides
Shallow-Water Waves
Plunging Breakers
-Occur in water that is deeper than half their wavelength.... -T…
-Less of a tide.... -Occurs when the moon is in a 1/4 moon phase.
-Occurs in water that is shallower than 1/20 their wavelength…
Curl as the top of the wave pitches through the air before sp…
Deepwater Waves
-Occur in water that is deeper than half their wavelength.... -T…
Neap Tides
-Less of a tide.... -Occurs when the moon is in a 1/4 moon phase.
51 terms
Oceanography (waves, tides, and currents)
Waves
Wind, underwater sea floor movement, p…
Wind
Friction
Periodic up-and-down movement of the ocean surface that is th…
4 types of disturbances that create waves
How most ocean waves are generated
Happens between the air and water and causes the wind to pull…
Waves
Periodic up-and-down movement of the ocean surface that is th…
Wind, underwater sea floor movement, p…
4 types of disturbances that create waves
39 terms
Oceanography-Waves and Tides
wave
Anatomy of a wave
crest
trough
is the transmission of energy through matter
crest, trough, height, wavelength, period, frequency
highest point above average water level
lowest point below average water level
wave
is the transmission of energy through matter
Anatomy of a wave
crest, trough, height, wavelength, period, frequency
40 terms
Oceanography-tides/waves/beaches
Spring Tide
Neal Tides
Tides
Causes
really high high tides and low low tides. full/new
smaller tidal range. quarter moons
long waves that move through the oceans in response to the fo…
1. gravitational pull of the moon and sun... 2. centripetal
Spring Tide
really high high tides and low low tides. full/new
Neal Tides
smaller tidal range. quarter moons
25 terms
oceanography tides and waves
spring tide
neap tide
canary current
Benguela current
when the range is greatest between high and low tides
when the range is smallest between high and low tides
northern equatorial current, gulf stream
southern equatorial, brazil
spring tide
when the range is greatest between high and low tides
neap tide
when the range is smallest between high and low tides
14 terms
waves and tides -C Oceanography
What are waves generated by?
deep water waves
shallow water waves
breaker zone
the wind
move in water deeper than one half their wavelength
reach water shallower than one-half their wavelength. They st…
area where waves first begin to tumble downward or causes the…
What are waves generated by?
the wind
deep water waves
move in water deeper than one half their wavelength
49 terms
Oceanography waves currents and tides
The periodic up&down movement of the o…
4 types of disturbances that create wa…
Most ocean waves are generated by?
________ between the air and water cau…
Waves
Wind, tsunami, tides, human activities
The wind
Friction, gravity
The periodic up&down movement of the o…
Waves
4 types of disturbances that create wa…
Wind, tsunami, tides, human activities
77 terms
Physical Oceanography (Currents, Waves, & Tides)
Surface Currents
Wind
Gyre
Equator
These transfer heat from tropical to polar regions, distribut…
Surface currents are powered by the sun and ______________
Circular flow pattern of water caused by deflection of water…
Due to the warmth of the water, the molecules are slightly ex…
Surface Currents
These transfer heat from tropical to polar regions, distribut…
Wind
Surface currents are powered by the sun and ______________
24 terms
Oceanography: Waves, Tides, Moon Phases
crest
trough
wavelength
wave height
highest part of a wave
lowest part of a wave
horizontal distance between the waves
distance between trough and crest
crest
highest part of a wave
trough
lowest part of a wave
57 terms
Oceanography Test 2 Waves and Tides
Define waves
What is a Tsunami?
Whats the formula for wave speed?
Whats the difference between a tide an…
the transition of energy through water
waves caused by landslides icebergs volcanic eruptions or ear…
D=S/T
Tides are the pull of the moon, waves are from wind gravity a…
Define waves
the transition of energy through water
What is a Tsunami?
waves caused by landslides icebergs volcanic eruptions or ear…
27 terms
6G Oceanography: Chapter 3 Currents, Waves, and Tides
surface currents
Earth rotation
Coriolis effect
trade winds
A horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
the amount of time it takes Earth to spin once on its axis -…
The effect of Earth's rotation on the direction of winds and…
Global winds that flow toward the equator, turning west as th…
surface currents
A horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
Earth rotation
the amount of time it takes Earth to spin once on its axis -…
48 terms
Physical Oceanography: Tides, Waves, Currents
causes of tides
variations in strength of tides
Spring Tides
Neap Tides
1. the force of the moon's gravity causes water to "pile up"…
1. sun's gravity plays a role, although less because it is so…
stronger than average tides (extra-high high tides and extra-…
weaker than average tides caused when the sun is at right ang…
causes of tides
1. the force of the moon's gravity causes water to "pile up"…
variations in strength of tides
1. sun's gravity plays a role, although less because it is so…
10 terms
Oceanography Midterm 2 - Waves and Tides
Definition of Waves
What is a tsunami, how is it caused, w…
Where are the largest surfing waves? W…
Where are the largest open ocean waves…
A disturbing force causes the movement of energy through some…
Long-wavelength shock waves generated by sudden changes in se…
North Shore, Hawaii. Has a long fetch and strong winds
Southern Ocean. There is barely any land to slow it down
Definition of Waves
A disturbing force causes the movement of energy through some…
What is a tsunami, how is it caused, w…
Long-wavelength shock waves generated by sudden changes in se…
68 terms
Oceanography (Ocean Circulation, Waves and Tides)
Topex Poseidon
Surface currents
Thermohaline currents
Gyre
First oceanographic satellite, accurately measures global tie…
wind-driven movements of the water at or near the ocean's sur…
Slow, deep currents that affect the vast bulk of seawater ben…
Flow around the periphery of an ocean basin. Form in balance…
Topex Poseidon
First oceanographic satellite, accurately measures global tie…
Surface currents
wind-driven movements of the water at or near the ocean's sur…
60 terms
Physical Oceanography III: Waves and Tides
The Tidal Wave
The Tidal Wave ... - The shape of the sea…
- There are 2 of these waves, one on e…
- In the open ocean, with a depth of 4…
...
20x the ocean's depth, which is 3.5km
water depth (h): c = √ (g.h)
200 M/S
The Tidal Wave
...
The Tidal Wave ... - The shape of the sea…
20x the ocean's depth, which is 3.5km
10 terms
Currents, Waves, and Tides - Oceanography - Mr. Mihalik
Tides
Ocean wave
Tsunami
Wavelength
Caused by gravity from sun and moon
Caused by wind and storms
Destructive wall of water caused by earthquakes
Length of a wave
Tides
Caused by gravity from sun and moon
Ocean wave
Caused by wind and storms
11 terms
Oceanography: Sec.3;Currents,Waves, and Tides
Surface currents
Longshore currents
Upwelling currents
Deep currents
movement of water on the surface,primarily, caused by winds
currents which run parallel to the shoreline due to energy re…
occur when wind moves seawater at the surface and new water f…
moves slowly beneath the surface primarily caused by differin…
Surface currents
movement of water on the surface,primarily, caused by winds
Longshore currents
currents which run parallel to the shoreline due to energy re…
50 terms
Oceanography Test 3- Waves, Tides, Tsunamis, and Coasts
Submergent
Longshore current
Passive Coast
Flood Tide
Coastline that is under the influence of rising sealevels
current that moves parallel, or along, the coastline
Coastline that is not on a plate boundary
When tide is coming in
Submergent
Coastline that is under the influence of rising sealevels
Longshore current
current that moves parallel, or along, the coastline
59 terms
Oceanography Study Guide - Waves, Currents, Tides
waves
wind, underwater seafloor movement, ti…
wind
friction
What is the periodic up and down movement of the ocean surfac…
What are the 4 types of disturbances that create waves?
How are most ocean waves generated?
What is the force between the air and water that causes the w…
waves
What is the periodic up and down movement of the ocean surfac…
wind, underwater seafloor movement, ti…
What are the 4 types of disturbances that create waves?
63 terms
oceanography: primary productivity + waves, tides, winds
equation for photosynthesis
autotrophs
phytoplankton
biomass
sunlight+ H2O+CO2--> C6H12O6 + O2
make their own food, primary producers
primary producers in the sea, microalgea
measure of how much food there is at once
equation for photosynthesis
sunlight+ H2O+CO2--> C6H12O6 + O2
autotrophs
make their own food, primary producers
29 terms
Currents, Waves, and Tides. Oceanography study guide.
What does not allow water to pile up i…
Meanders of water that close on themse…
Water moving horizontally at the surfa…
Surface water is driven to what angle…
Gravity
Eddies
Convergence/Downwelling
45 degrees
What does not allow water to pile up i…
Gravity
Meanders of water that close on themse…
Eddies
96 terms
Oceanography Test 4 (vc, waves, tides, coasts)
downwelling
upwelling
diverging winds cause...
converging winds cause...
when water moves towards the coast
water flowing up in the ocean
upwelling
downwellling
downwelling
when water moves towards the coast
upwelling
water flowing up in the ocean
140 terms
Oceanography: Waves, Hard Stabilization, Tides + Marine Pollution
Eustatic Sea Level Changes
Tides
Isaac Newton
Newton's law of universal gravitation
Changes in seawater volume or ocean basin capacity experience…
Periodic raising and lowering of sea level that occurs daily…
Developed universal law of gravity
every object that has mass in the universe is attracted to ev…
Eustatic Sea Level Changes
Changes in seawater volume or ocean basin capacity experience…
Tides
Periodic raising and lowering of sea level that occurs daily…
13 terms
Oceanography - Tides
Which two sides are having a high tide…
Which two sides are having a low tide…
In how many hours will side 2 have a h…
Tides change approximately every
2 and 4
1 and 3
12 hours
6 hours and 12 minutes.
Which two sides are having a high tide…
2 and 4
Which two sides are having a low tide…
1 and 3
40 terms
oceanography tides
how long are tides?
Forced waves:
Free Waves: ... Give examples
what causes attraction btw. two objects?
almost half the earths circumference
tides are always under the influence of forces
no longer held by forces that started them. Ex: tsunami, wind…
mass and distance
how long are tides?
almost half the earths circumference
Forced waves:
tides are always under the influence of forces
30 terms
Oceanography- Tides
Diurnal
Semidiurnal
Mixed
What are the basic tidal patterns?
one high tide and one low tide in each... cycle separated by ~12…
two high tides and two low tides in... each cycle. The high tide…
two high tides and two low tides in each... cycle, but the heigh…
Semidiurnal, Mixed and Diurnal
Diurnal
one high tide and one low tide in each... cycle separated by ~12…
Semidiurnal
two high tides and two low tides in... each cycle. The high tide…
56 terms
Oceanography- Test 8 (Waves, Tides, and the Coastal Environments video)
Why is the moon's influence greater th…
tidal interval
How many high tides per day? How many…
tidal range
It is closer to earth.
time between two high tides (averages 12 hours 25 mins)
2 high tides, 2 low tides
vertical difference between high and low tide
Why is the moon's influence greater th…
It is closer to earth.
tidal interval
time between two high tides (averages 12 hours 25 mins)
Oceanography Tides
Gravity
Mass
Distance
1/1000
An attractive force between any two objects
The strength of gravity increases with ____.
The strength of gravity decreases with ____.
When you climb a flight of stairs, your weight decreases by a…
Gravity
An attractive force between any two objects
Mass
The strength of gravity increases with ____.
36 terms
Oceanography Tides
tides are _____water waves
tides are generated by the _______ att…
the inward pull you exert on string to…
If the path breaks in a centripetal fo…
shallow
gravitational, orbital
centripetal force
tangent
tides are _____water waves
shallow
tides are generated by the _______ att…
gravitational, orbital
15 terms
Oceanography: Tides
What is the definition of a tide?
What is the main cause of tides?
Does the sun or the moon have a greate…
What are the two theories that explain…
Periodic short term changes in the height of the ocean surfac…
Gravity of sun and mood acting on the ocean
The moon has a greater effect
Equilibrium theory and dynamic theory
What is the definition of a tide?
Periodic short term changes in the height of the ocean surfac…
What is the main cause of tides?
Gravity of sun and mood acting on the ocean
21 terms
Oceanography-Tides!
Resultant forces
What was Newton's universal law of gra…
Which is more important for tides on t…
Spring Tide
differences between centrifugal and gravitational forces
...
Moon
occur when:... -earth, moon and Sun are aligned in a straight li…
Resultant forces
differences between centrifugal and gravitational forces
What was Newton's universal law of gra…
...
31 terms
Oceanography Part 1: Tides/Waves/SeaWater Chem
spring tides
Bathymetry
neap tides
diurnal
full moon/ new moon: when the moon, earth, and sun are all pa…
Caused by the water rising in different areas, due to the ele…
When the sun and moon/earth are perpendicular: third quarter…
one high and low tide a day
spring tides
full moon/ new moon: when the moon, earth, and sun are all pa…
Bathymetry
Caused by the water rising in different areas, due to the ele…
27 terms
Waves and Tides
Upwelling
Downwelling
Great Ocean Conveyor
Waves
...
Upwelling
Downwelling
21 terms
Currents, Waves, and Tides
ocean current
surface current
deep currents
Global Winds
is the movement of ocean water that follows a regular pattern
horizontal, streamlike movement of water that occurs at or ne…
streamlike movement of water far below the surface of the oce…
moves ocean water from east to west near the equator- caused…
ocean current
is the movement of ocean water that follows a regular pattern
surface current
horizontal, streamlike movement of water that occurs at or ne…
15 terms
oceanography tides
tidal range
spring tides
neap tides
Lower high water
the vertical difference between the high tide and the succeed…
when the sun and moon are lined up to create the biggest waves
sun and moon are at 90 degree angle to form smaller waves
Lower of the two high waters of any tidal day in a region of…
tidal range
the vertical difference between the high tide and the succeed…
spring tides
when the sun and moon are lined up to create the biggest waves
8 terms
Oceanography Tides
Tides
Barycenter
Zenith
Nadir
Raising and lowering of the sea level that occurs daily
Center rotational point between earth and moon
Strongest gravitational point between earth and moon
Point on earth farthest from the moon
Tides
Raising and lowering of the sea level that occurs daily
Barycenter
Center rotational point between earth and moon
15 terms
Oceanography Tides
Berm
Breakers
Drop zone
Chop
Where San and surf meet and a step or smooth but steep hill i…
Tells the lifeguard where it is shallow enough to stand.
Dangerous area where the waves break ( most critical point.
Short rough waves -light chop -heavy chop
Berm
Where San and surf meet and a step or smooth but steep hill i…
Breakers
Tells the lifeguard where it is shallow enough to stand.
15 terms
Tides Oceanography
Thermocline
Gyre
Tide
Gulf Stream
A steep temperature gradient in a body of water such as a lak…
Large system of rotating ocean currents, particularly those i…
The alternate rising and falling of the sea
Northern extension towards Europe, the North Atlantic drift v…
Thermocline
A steep temperature gradient in a body of water such as a lak…
Gyre
Large system of rotating ocean currents, particularly those i…
120 terms
oceanography test 2- currents, waves, tides, barrier islands
According to The Beaches are Moving" _…
According to "The beaches are moving",…
According to "The beaches are moving"…
Which solution does Pilkey describe as…
A. Sand Bars
B. Seawall
C. Jetty
C. beach replenishment
According to The Beaches are Moving" _…
A. Sand Bars
According to "The beaches are moving",…
B. Seawall
55 terms
Oceanography: Tides
Tides in coastal water produce
Types of tides
Tides are generated by
Earth, Sun, Moon, and even other plane…
tidal currents
flood tide, ebb tide, and slackwater (high and low tide)
gravity
the generation of tides
Tides in coastal water produce
tidal currents
Types of tides
flood tide, ebb tide, and slackwater (high and low tide)
47 terms
Tides & Waves
Country with the longest coast in the…
Waves
Tides
Splash wave
Canada
Long bodies of water curling into an arched form and breaking…
Rhythmic rise and fall of sea level. Gravitational attraction…
Waves produced by coastal landslides, calving icebergs
Country with the longest coast in the…
Canada
Waves
Long bodies of water curling into an arched form and breaking…
14 terms
Waves and Tides
ocean currents
surface currents
waves
crest
large streams of ocean water that flow at or below the surface
large masses of water flowing horizontally over the water's s…
rhythmic back-and-forth motions of water that transfer energy…
highest point of a wave
ocean currents
large streams of ocean water that flow at or below the surface
surface currents
large masses of water flowing horizontally over the water's s…
8 terms
Waves and Tides
Erosion
Swash
Coast
Tide
when the land is broken down by the waves
The water that goes up the beach when a wave meet the land. A…
The place where the land meet the sea. Also called "coast lin…
The rise and fall of the sea level
Erosion
when the land is broken down by the waves
Swash
The water that goes up the beach when a wave meet the land. A…
6 terms
Tides (Oceanography)
Why do tides occur:
The Moon:
The Sun:
Spring Tides:
-Refers to cyclic rise and fall of sea water.... -Variations in…
-Primary factor that controls the rhythm and height of the ti…
-The second factor controlling the tides is the sun's gravity…
-Highest and lowest tides of the year. (Sun and Moon aligned)…
Why do tides occur:
-Refers to cyclic rise and fall of sea water.... -Variations in…
The Moon:
-Primary factor that controls the rhythm and height of the ti…
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