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Study sets matching "oceans chapter 18"

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Study sets matching "oceans chapter 18"

33 terms
Oceans Chapter 18 - Tides 1
What are tides?
Flood current
Ebb current
High tides associated with
Periodic raising and lowering of sea level that occurs daily.…
Incoming current associated with rising tides
Outgoing current associated with decreasing tides
Wave crest
What are tides?
Periodic raising and lowering of sea level that occurs daily.…
Flood current
Incoming current associated with rising tides
16 terms
Chapter 18: Ocean Motion
salinity
composition
dissolving
runoff
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
THE MAKEUP OF SOMETHING... - manner of being composed; structure
The process in which substances mix evenly with one another
water running/draining off the land into a water system
salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
composition
THE MAKEUP OF SOMETHING... - manner of being composed; structure
32 terms
chapter 18 oceans
continental shelf
abyssal plain
passive margins
active continental margin
a broad, shallowly submerged fringe of a continent; ocean-wat…
a broad, relatively flat region of the ocean that lies at lea…
a continental area that is not a plate boundary
a continental margin that coincides with a plate boundary
continental shelf
a broad, shallowly submerged fringe of a continent; ocean-wat…
abyssal plain
a broad, relatively flat region of the ocean that lies at lea…
50 terms
Chapter 18: Oceans and Coasts
The Implications of Isotasy on the Lit…
Bathymetry
Continental Shelf
Abyssal Plain
the surface of the denser but thinner oceanic lithosphere sin…
study of the variation in depth
relatively shallow portion of the ocean that fringes the cont…
at a depth of 4.5 km there is a vast, nearly horizontal, plain
The Implications of Isotasy on the Lit…
the surface of the denser but thinner oceanic lithosphere sin…
Bathymetry
study of the variation in depth
30 terms
Oceans chapter 18
God made the oceans on WHAT day?
measure of salts dissolved in seawater
process of removing salt from seawater
Roughly ___% of earth is covered with…
day 3
salinity
desalination
71
God made the oceans on WHAT day?
day 3
measure of salts dissolved in seawater
salinity
12 terms
Ocean Motion - Chapter 18 Vocabulary
basins
salinity
surface currents
Coriolis effect
Low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in seawater
A horizontal movement of ocean water that is caused by wind a…
The effect of Earth's rotation on the direction of winds and…
basins
Low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in seawater
12 terms
Chapter 18: Geology of the Oceans
Oceans cover 71% of Earth's surface an…
The topography of the northern... Atlanti…
The vast sediment-covered____ _____ of…
The main features of the Pacific Ocean…
71 percent and 97 percent
Facts
abyssal plains
Facts
Oceans cover 71% of Earth's surface an…
71 percent and 97 percent
The topography of the northern... Atlanti…
Facts
40 terms
Oceans and Coasts (Chapter 18)
abyssal plain
backwash
barrier island
bathymetry
An underwater plain on the deep ocean floor, usually found at…
Offshore flow of water from oceans.
Coastal landforms and a type of dune system that are exceptio…
The underwater equivalent of topography.
abyssal plain
An underwater plain on the deep ocean floor, usually found at…
backwash
Offshore flow of water from oceans.
29 terms
Chapter 18: Oceans and Coasts
Coast
Bathymetry
Continental Shelf
Abyssal Plain
the region where the land meets the sea, and where over 60% o…
variation in depth, based originally on sonar measurements an…
a relatively shallow portion of the ocean that fringes the co…
a smooth, nearly flat region of the deep ocean floor
Coast
the region where the land meets the sea, and where over 60% o…
Bathymetry
variation in depth, based originally on sonar measurements an…
31 terms
Chapter 18 Geology of the Oceans
Oceans cover ____% of the Earth's surf…
oceans hold ____% of Earth's water
important features of the Atlantic Oce…
depth of continental shelves
71
97
continental shelves... ocean plains... mid-Atlantic ridge... deep ocea…
less than 250m deep
Oceans cover ____% of the Earth's surf…
71
oceans hold ____% of Earth's water
97
36 terms
Chapter 18 Oceans and Coasts
coast
bathymetry
continental shelf
abyssal plain
the region where land meets the sea
the oceans variation in depth
a relatively shallow portion of the ocean that fringes the co…
vast nearly horizontal plain below 4.5 km depth
coast
the region where land meets the sea
bathymetry
the oceans variation in depth
12 terms
Chapter 18: Ocean Motion
basin
breaker
Coriolis effect
crest
low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
collapsing ocean wave that forms in shallow water and breaks…
causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemi…
highest point of a wave.
basin
low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
breaker
collapsing ocean wave that forms in shallow water and breaks…
17 terms
oceans test chapter 18
What is a wave
water moves in what type of motion
as a wave gets closer to shore its som…
Spring Tides
rhymic movement hat carries energy through matter or space.
circular
Wave Height
Sun, Earth and moon lined up together
What is a wave
rhymic movement hat carries energy through matter or space.
water moves in what type of motion
circular
59 terms
Oceans and Coastal Processes-Chapter 18
Oceanography
Modern Exploration
Fields of study
Hydrosphere
First modern scientific study of oceans—HMS Challenger (1872-…
Sonar... Invented in 1940s for war uses... Effective mapping of sea…
Oceanography: study of oceans and seas... Marine geology: study…
Viewed from above, the hydrosphere is massive. The oceans alo…
Oceanography
First modern scientific study of oceans—HMS Challenger (1872-…
Modern Exploration
Sonar... Invented in 1940s for war uses... Effective mapping of sea…
12 terms
Chapter 18: Ocean Motion --- Vocabulary :)
basin
salinity
surface current
Coriolis effect
low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
a measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
wind-powered ocean current that moves water horizontally, par…
causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemi…
basin
low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
salinity
a measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
12 terms
Chapter 18 Ocean Motion
Basins
Salinity
Surface currents
Coriolis effect
low areas on Earth
a measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
move water horizontally; powered by wind
the shifting of winds and surface currents from their expecte…
Basins
low areas on Earth
Salinity
a measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
12 terms
Chapter 18: Ocean Motion --- Vocabulary :)
basin
salinity
surface current
Coriolis effect
low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
a measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
wind-powered ocean current that moves water horizontally, par…
causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemi…
basin
low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
salinity
a measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
12 terms
Ocean Motion Chapter 18
a measure of the amount of salts disso…
wind-powered ocean current that moves…
causes moving air and water to turn le…
vertical circulation in the ocean that…
salinity
surface current
Coriolis effect
upwelling
a measure of the amount of salts disso…
salinity
wind-powered ocean current that moves…
surface current
14 terms
Chapter 18 Ocean Motion
Upwelling
Density Current
_ is a vertical circulation in the ocean that brings deep col…
A _ _ forms when a mass of seawater becomes more dense than t…
Upwelling
_ is a vertical circulation in the ocean that brings deep col…
Density Current
A _ _ forms when a mass of seawater becomes more dense than t…
56 terms
EAS Chapter 18 Steam Transport: From Mountains to Oceans
Stream
River
drainage basin
types of drainage
any body of water that flows over the land surface
major branch of large stream system
large area that contributes water to a river system, a divide…
dendritic, rectangular, trellis (anticlines and synclines), r…
Stream
any body of water that flows over the land surface
River
major branch of large stream system
Oceans and Coasts - Chapter 18 Geotour
Check and double-click the placemarks…
Check and double-click the placemarks…
Check and double-click the placemarks…
Check and double-click placemark Probl…
1a-i: abyssal plain; 1a-ii: continental shelf; and ia-iii, co…
1b-i: mid-ocean ridge; 1b-ii: transform fault; and 1b-iii: tr…
ic-i: passive margin and ic-ii: active margin
barrier reef (forms offshore from the coast with an interveni…
Check and double-click the placemarks…
1a-i: abyssal plain; 1a-ii: continental shelf; and ia-iii, co…
Check and double-click the placemarks…
1b-i: mid-ocean ridge; 1b-ii: transform fault; and 1b-iii: tr…
5 terms
Oceans and Coasts - Chapter 18 Geotour
Check and double-click the placemarks…
Check and double-click the placemarks…
Check and double-click the placemarks…
Check and double-click placemark Probl…
1a-i: abyssal plain; 1a-ii: continental shelf; and ia-iii, co…
1b-i: mid-ocean ridge; 1b-ii: transform fault; and 1b-iii: tr…
ic-i: passive margin and ic-ii: active margin
barrier reef (forms offshore from the coast with an interveni…
Check and double-click the placemarks…
1a-i: abyssal plain; 1a-ii: continental shelf; and ia-iii, co…
Check and double-click the placemarks…
1b-i: mid-ocean ridge; 1b-ii: transform fault; and 1b-iii: tr…
37 terms
Chapter 18- Ocean motion
Salts
Halite
Salinity
35 Grams
Form when water evaporates and ions in the ocean water combine
The most common type of salt found in the ocean; table salt
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in ocean water
The average amount of salt in 1 kg of ocean water
Salts
Form when water evaporates and ions in the ocean water combine
Halite
The most common type of salt found in the ocean; table salt
10 terms
Chapter 18: Ocean Motion
Basins
Salinity
Surface currents
Coriolis Effect
Oceans were formed as this water filled low areas on earth ca…
A measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater.
Move water horizontally-parallel to earths surface
Is the shifting of winds and surface currents from their expe…
Basins
Oceans were formed as this water filled low areas on earth ca…
Salinity
A measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater.
5 terms
Chapter 18 Geotour - Oceans and Coasts
Go to the following Geotours folder in…
Go to the following Geotours folder in…
Go to the following Geotours folder in…
Go to the following Geotours folder in…
1a-i: abyssal plain; 1a-ii: continental shelf; and ia-iii, co…
1b-i: mid-ocean ridge; 1b-ii: transform fault; and 1b-iii: tr…
ic-i: passive margin and ic-ii: active margin
barrier reef (forms offshore from the coast with an interveni…
Go to the following Geotours folder in…
1a-i: abyssal plain; 1a-ii: continental shelf; and ia-iii, co…
Go to the following Geotours folder in…
1b-i: mid-ocean ridge; 1b-ii: transform fault; and 1b-iii: tr…
37 terms
Chapter 18 Ocean Motion
One third
Water vapor . Carbon dioxide
Oxygen. Carbon dioxide. Nitrogen.
Oxygen
Approximately __ of the worlds table salt is extracted from s…
When volcanoes erupt, they spew lava and ash , and they give…
Ocean water causes dissolved gases such as _,_,and _
_is the gas that almost all organisms need for respiration.
One third
Approximately __ of the worlds table salt is extracted from s…
Water vapor . Carbon dioxide
When volcanoes erupt, they spew lava and ash , and they give…
Chapter 18: Ocean and Coasts
coast
oceanography
What do the oceans do?
bathymetry
where the land and sea meet. Over 60% of the worlds populatio…
scientific study of the oceans (e.g., topography of the ocean…
regulate climate, cycle mass, and energy
variation in depth
coast
where the land and sea meet. Over 60% of the worlds populatio…
oceanography
scientific study of the oceans (e.g., topography of the ocean…
59 terms
Chapter 18: Life in the Ocean's Depths
temperature
pressure
kinetic energy
heat
a measure of the average kinetic energy possessed by the part…
the force per unit area.
the energy a substance has due to the motion of its molecules.
the kinetic energy a substance has due to the motion of its m…
temperature
a measure of the average kinetic energy possessed by the part…
pressure
the force per unit area.
9 terms
Chapter 18: The Ocean Floor
Continental Margins
Ocean Basins
Continental Slopes
Continental Shelves
- includes continental shelves, slopes, and rises... - parts of…
- the low points in the ocean floor
- depth increases rapidly ... - crust changes from continental t…
- extremely flat... - active continental margins are short... passi…
Continental Margins
- includes continental shelves, slopes, and rises... - parts of…
Ocean Basins
- the low points in the ocean floor
25 terms
7th grade Chapter 18 Science Exploring Oceans
Thermocline
Salinity
precipitation
Formation of oceans
The second layer of ocean water that extends from 300 m to 70…
this is affected by ocean currents, evaporation, and when fre…
solid or liquid water that falls to Earth
caused when Earth cooled; and were shaped when the single lan…
Thermocline
The second layer of ocean water that extends from 300 m to 70…
Salinity
this is affected by ocean currents, evaporation, and when fre…
12 terms
Geology Chapter 18 Ocean Vocabulary
abyssal plain
active continental margin
passive continental margin
continental rise
very flat, sediment-covered region of the deep ocean floor at…
a margin consisting of a continental shelf, a continental slo…
a margin that includes a continental shelf, continental slope…
a wedge of sediment that extends from the lower part of the c…
abyssal plain
very flat, sediment-covered region of the deep ocean floor at…
active continental margin
a margin consisting of a continental shelf, a continental slo…
39 terms
Chapter 18: Stream Transport, From Mountains to Oceans
stream
river
stream valley
channel
any body of water, large or small, that flows over the land s…
the major branches of a large stream system
the entire area between the tops of the slopes on both sides…
the trough through which the water in a stream runs
stream
any body of water, large or small, that flows over the land s…
river
the major branches of a large stream system
12 terms
Chapter 18 - Ocean Motion - Lauren
basin
salinity
surface current
Coriolis effect
Low are on earth in which an ocean formed when the area fille…
A measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater.
Wind-powered ocean current that moves water horizontally - pa…
Shifting of winds and surface currents caused by earth's rota…
basin
Low are on earth in which an ocean formed when the area fille…
salinity
A measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater.
36 terms
Science Chapter 18 Ocean motion
tilde range
wavelength
Density current
basin
the difference between the level of the ocean at high tide an…
The horizontal distance between the crests or troughs of two…
circulation pattern in the ocean that forms when a mass of mo…
low area on earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
tilde range
the difference between the level of the ocean at high tide an…
wavelength
The horizontal distance between the crests or troughs of two…
12 terms
Chapter 18: Ocean Motion vocabaulary
Basin
Breaker
Coriolis Effect
Crest
low area on earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
collapsing ocean wave that forms in shallow water and breaks…
causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemi…
highest point of the wave
Basin
low area on earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
Breaker
collapsing ocean wave that forms in shallow water and breaks…
12 terms
Ocean Motion Chapter 18 Glencoe Earth Science
basin
Coriolis Effect
crest
trough
A low place in the surface of the land, usually with a body o…
Causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemi…
Highest point of a wave
Lowest point of a wave
basin
A low place in the surface of the land, usually with a body o…
Coriolis Effect
Causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemi…
15 terms
Chapter 18 Stream Transport: From Mountains to Oceans
In this chapter, we focus on how strea…
The Form of Streams... (1) We use the…
Channel Patterns... (1) On floodplains…
Drainage Basins... (1) Every topograph…
Intro
(1) Stream, River... (2) stream valley, ... (3) channel... (4) floo…
(1) meanders... (2) point bars... (3) oxbow lake... (4) braided str…
(1) divide... (2) drainage basin ... (3) drainage network... (4) tr…
In this chapter, we focus on how strea…
Intro
The Form of Streams... (1) We use the…
(1) Stream, River... (2) stream valley, ... (3) channel... (4) floo…
18 terms
Chapters 18 & 19 - Oceans
basin
salinity
surface current
Coriolis effect
low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
a measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
wind-powered ocean current that moves water horizontally, par…
causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemi…
basin
low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
salinity
a measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
35 terms
Chapter 18: Stream Transport - From Mountains to Oceans
abrasion
graded stream
bed load
laminar flow
The erosive action that occurs when suspended and saltating s…
A stream in which the slope, velocity, and discharge combine…
The material a stream carries along its bed by sliding and ro…
Fluid movement in which straight or gently curved streamlines…
abrasion
The erosive action that occurs when suspended and saltating s…
graded stream
A stream in which the slope, velocity, and discharge combine…
12 terms
Earth Science Chapter 18 Ocean Motion - Kiefer
Basin
Salinity
Surface Current
Coriolis Effect
Low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
A measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
wind-powered ocean current that moves water horizontally para…
Shifting of winds and surface currents caoused by Earth's rot…
Basin
Low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
Salinity
A measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
6 terms
Chapter 18 Life in the Ocean's Depths
Disphotic zone (twilight zone)
Photopores
Luciferin
Luciferse
region of the ocean from 150 to 450 meters deep where sunligh…
light-producing organs found on deep-sea fishes
protein that produces bioluminescence when combined with oxyg…
enzyme that catalyzes the reactions that produce bioluminesce…
Disphotic zone (twilight zone)
region of the ocean from 150 to 450 meters deep where sunligh…
Photopores
light-producing organs found on deep-sea fishes
12 terms
Chapter 18: Ocean Motion --- Vocabulary :)
basin
salinity
surface current
Coriolis effect
low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
a measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
wind-powered ocean current that moves water horizontally, par…
causes moving air and water to turn left in the southern hemi…
basin
low area on Earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
salinity
a measure of the amount of salts dissolved in seawater
24 terms
Chapter 18-3 - Ocean Waves and Tides
wave
trough
crest
wavelength
rhythmic movement that carries energy through matter or space
lowest point of a wave
highest point of a wave
horizontal distance between crests or between troughs of two…
wave
rhythmic movement that carries energy through matter or space
trough
lowest point of a wave
12 terms
chapter 18 Ocean Motion Grant #3
basin
salinity
surface current
Coriolis effect
low area on earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
the measure of the amount of dissolved salts in seawater
wind-powered ocean current that moves horizontally-parallel t…
shifting of winds and surface currents caused by earths rotat…
basin
low area on earth in which an ocean formed when the area fill…
salinity
the measure of the amount of dissolved salts in seawater
41 terms
Geology Unit 3 Chapter 18- Oceans and Coasts
Salty Ocean
Where the salts in the ocean come from:
Global Salinity Models in the Tropics
Global Salinity Models near the Equator
- Water in the oceans are "salty" because there are dissolved…
- Volcanic Eruptions: the "salts" are in form and get deposit…
Salty because of high evaporation
High evaporation, however high precipitation
Salty Ocean
- Water in the oceans are "salty" because there are dissolved…
Where the salts in the ocean come from:
- Volcanic Eruptions: the "salts" are in form and get deposit…
26 terms
Chapter 18 Ocean Motion Study Guide
Wavelength
Tides
Neap Tides
Wavelength (2)
Decreases when a deep water wave approaches shallow water
Motions in the oceans caused by gravity
Tides that occur when the Sun, Moon and Earth form a 90 degre…
Horizontal distance between successive wave crests
Wavelength
Decreases when a deep water wave approaches shallow water
Tides
Motions in the oceans caused by gravity
5 terms
Chapter 18 Pre-Assessment - Oceans & Coasts
All seas:
Surface currents:
Trenches:
What force causes the tidal bulge on t…
have salinity ranging between 1 and 4.1%.
are influenced by Earth's rotation
border continental and island volcanic arcs.
the centrifugal force caused by the orbiting of the Earth-Moo…
All seas:
have salinity ranging between 1 and 4.1%.
Surface currents:
are influenced by Earth's rotation
26 terms
ES-Chapter 18 Ocean Unit Review(vocab)
thermal desalination
membrane desalination
brine
input
heating saltwater until it evaporates; then forcing evaporate…
force water through membranes that prevent large saltwater mo…
a sludge that has high concentrations of salt
object going into a system
thermal desalination
heating saltwater until it evaporates; then forcing evaporate…
membrane desalination
force water through membranes that prevent large saltwater mo…
18 terms
Ocean motion, chapter 18 (Very Helpful⭐️)
What causes the wind and surface curre…
A collapsing wave?
A low area on earth?
Rhythmic movements that carry energy t…
Coriolis Effect
Breaker
Basin
Wave
What causes the wind and surface curre…
Coriolis Effect
A collapsing wave?
Breaker
10 terms
Chapter 18: Northern Europe
Fjord
Geothermal
North Atlantic Drift
Constitutional Monarchy
Narrow inlet of the sea set between high, rocky cliffs.
Energy from the Earth's interior.
An ocean current that brings warm, moist air across the Atlan…
A type of democracy in which a king or queen serves as head o…
Fjord
Narrow inlet of the sea set between high, rocky cliffs.
Geothermal
Energy from the Earth's interior.
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