Study sets matching "oncology"

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Study sets matching "oncology"

73 terms
Oncology
Most common soft tissue tumor: benign…
Enneking classification of benign bone…
Enneking classification of malignant b…
AJCC classification for bone tumors
Benign: lipoma... Malignant: undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcom…
Stage Tumor Grade Tumor Size... IA Low <8cm... IB Low >8cm... IIA High…
Most common soft tissue tumor: benign…
Benign: lipoma... Malignant: undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcom…
Enneking classification of benign bone…
15 terms
Oncology
Non-Myelosuppressive
Nausea & Vomiting
Mucositis
Diarrhea
Asparaginase, Bleomycin, Vincristine, MAB, TKI
Cisplatin, Doxo/Epi-Rubicin, Cytoxan, Ifosfamide
5-FU, Capecitabine, Irinotecan, MTX
5-FU, Capecitabine, Irinotecan, TKI
Non-Myelosuppressive
Asparaginase, Bleomycin, Vincristine, MAB, TKI
Nausea & Vomiting
Cisplatin, Doxo/Epi-Rubicin, Cytoxan, Ifosfamide
Oncology
invasive growth
direct extension
tumors
occult
spreading process of a malignant tumor
multiplication of malignant cells
neoplasms
hidden
invasive growth
spreading process of a malignant tumor
direct extension
multiplication of malignant cells
31 terms
Oncology
Cellular Proliferation
Cellular Differentiation (defective)
Classification of Cancer
Characteristics of a Malignant Tumor
Loss of contact inhibition, rate of cancer cell grown is the…
Protooncogenes (promote growth), Oncogenes (tumor producing g…
Neoplasm ('new tissue'), ... tumor, ... benign tumor (uniform size,…
Anaplasia (lack of differentiation), Invasiveness (local), Me…
Cellular Proliferation
Loss of contact inhibition, rate of cancer cell grown is the…
Cellular Differentiation (defective)
Protooncogenes (promote growth), Oncogenes (tumor producing g…
125 terms
Oncology
Staging system for solid tumors
Which of the following is not an appro…
To perform pathologic staging of a sol…
Primary therapy
tumor, lymph node, metastasis (TNM)... stage 0: carcinoma in si…
D) Biopsy... Biopsies should never be performed as initial scre…
Biospy sample of the tumor.... Pathologic staging makes use of…
initial and mainstay approach to treat cancer... usually consis…
Staging system for solid tumors
tumor, lymph node, metastasis (TNM)... stage 0: carcinoma in si…
Which of the following is not an appro…
D) Biopsy... Biopsies should never be performed as initial scre…
40 terms
Oncology
Oncology
Human papillomavirus
Mitosis
Apoptosis
Study of a cancer cell
HPV
Process by which a cell divides
Programmed cell death in which the p53 gene directs the cell…
Oncology
Study of a cancer cell
Human papillomavirus
HPV
Oncology
Carcinoma
Sarcoma
Leukemia
Lymphoma and myeloma
begins in skin or tissues covering or lining internal organs
begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels or othe…
begins in blood forming tissue such as the bone marrow and la…
begin in the cells of the immune system
Carcinoma
begins in skin or tissues covering or lining internal organs
Sarcoma
begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels or othe…
Oncology
For which cancers do we have a general…
What is the part of cancers in Sweden…
Number of patients diagnosed with canc…
Which is the most common diagnosis in…
Breast... Cervical
20%
57000
Prostate cancer
For which cancers do we have a general…
Breast... Cervical
What is the part of cancers in Sweden…
20%
64 terms
Oncology
Four most common cancers
Cancer
cellular changes
Tumor
PFLC... -prostate... -female breast ancer... -lung/ bronchus cancer... -c…
-cell differentiation : normal cells develop to form differen…
dysplasia: disorganization of cells, adult cell is abnormal... -…
-abnormal growth of tissue - does not serve purpose... -benign/…
Four most common cancers
PFLC... -prostate... -female breast ancer... -lung/ bronchus cancer... -c…
Cancer
-cell differentiation : normal cells develop to form differen…
Oncology
7 Warning Signs
Benign vs Metastatic
Tumor Staging
Chemotherapy
C - change in bowel/bladder habits... A - sore/cut that doesn't…
Benign - slow growing, localized, well defined borders, encap…
TNM -tumor, # lymph nodes, metathesis ... Stage I - IV
Attacks all growing cells... Interrupts cell division... S/S - fati…
7 Warning Signs
C - change in bowel/bladder habits... A - sore/cut that doesn't…
Benign vs Metastatic
Benign - slow growing, localized, well defined borders, encap…
57 terms
Oncology
CML... - increased basophils
CML... "Pseudo-Gaucher cells" aka "Sea-bl…
CML... Micro-megakaryocytes = small, sing…
Polycythemia Vera... - spread out cells
CML... - increased basophils
CML... "Pseudo-Gaucher cells" aka "Sea-bl…
85 terms
Oncology
aim of chemotherapy
ideal properties of chemotherapeutic a…
general side effects of chemotherapy
acute tumour lysis syndrome
prolong survival, maintain quality of life
selectivity kill all cancer cells with minimal side effects
bone marrow suppression (anaemia), alopecia, GI upset
drugs work so well that intracellular ion release can cause a…
aim of chemotherapy
prolong survival, maintain quality of life
ideal properties of chemotherapeutic a…
selectivity kill all cancer cells with minimal side effects
59 terms
**Oncology
How do you obtain tissue for pathologi…
What is FNA?
What are advantages and disadvantages…
What is a punch biopsy?
Fine needle aspiration (guided or unguided)... Punch biopsy (cli…
Fine needle aspiration (biopsy)... A small bore needle is intro…
Advantages... --Minimally invasive tissue diagnosis... --Low risk t…
Under local anesthetic, small circular cutting needle is used…
How do you obtain tissue for pathologi…
Fine needle aspiration (guided or unguided)... Punch biopsy (cli…
What is FNA?
Fine needle aspiration (biopsy)... A small bore needle is intro…
90 terms
Oncology
Study of tumors
Cancer is the __ leading cause of deat…
Six risk factors that predispose to ca…
83% of persons with lung cancer were ___
oncology
second
1. Smoking... 2. Dietary Habits... 3. Exposure to Radiation... 4.Expos…
smokers.
Study of tumors
oncology
Cancer is the __ leading cause of deat…
second
356 terms
Oncology
--------------------------- Lecture 1…
What is primary tumor? What does it me…
Markers of metastasis?
What cell type do carcinomas come from?
------------------------------- Lecture 1--------------------…
- Primary Tumor: The main uncontroleld growth... - Synchronous…
- Hypoxia... - Proliferation/ avoidance of apoptosis... - Adhesion…
- Epithelial cells
--------------------------- Lecture 1…
------------------------------- Lecture 1--------------------…
What is primary tumor? What does it me…
- Primary Tumor: The main uncontroleld growth... - Synchronous…
35 terms
Oncology
Cancer
Etiology of cancer
Statistics
Characteristics of malignancy
group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled cell prolifer…
Genetic factors- oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, telomers…
Men- prostate highest but lung kills the most... Women- breast h…
uncontrolled division... abnormal appearance and funcitno... Abilit…
Cancer
group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled cell prolifer…
Etiology of cancer
Genetic factors- oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, telomers…
40 terms
Oncology
Oncology
Human papillomavirus
Mitosis
Apoptosis
Study of a cancer cell
HPV
Process by which a cell divides
Programmed cell death in which the p53 gene directs the cell…
Oncology
Study of a cancer cell
Human papillomavirus
HPV
69 terms
Oncology
Cancer
Metastasis & how? (3)
Differentiation
Dysplasia "plasia" formation
Normal body cells---->... Mutate and Replicate to form Tumors
Cells may migrate to other locations via ... 1.direct contact wi…
Normal cells undergo-->... Physical and Structural changes as th…
Disorganization of cells--->... Adult cell varies from its ... 1. N…
Cancer
Normal body cells---->... Mutate and Replicate to form Tumors
Metastasis & how? (3)
Cells may migrate to other locations via ... 1.direct contact wi…
101 terms
Oncology
Treatment: Breast Cancer - Ductal Carc…
Treatment: Breast Cancer - Invasive Br…
Treatment: Prostate Cancer
Treatment: Lung Cancer, NSCLC
DCIS/Stage 0;... -local breast-conserving therapy, i.e.: lumpect…
IBC:... -mastectomy and sentinel lymph node evaluation or, -lump…
...
NSCLC Stage I - II ... -Lobectomy;... -resected stage II postoperat…
Treatment: Breast Cancer - Ductal Carc…
DCIS/Stage 0;... -local breast-conserving therapy, i.e.: lumpect…
Treatment: Breast Cancer - Invasive Br…
IBC:... -mastectomy and sentinel lymph node evaluation or, -lump…
10 terms
Oncology
to spread
to get worse
cell
tumor
to propagate
to spread
to propagate
to get worse
36 terms
Oncology
Step 3 oncology most imp thing to know…
Which of the following screening tests…
Breast CA screening; a. what age to be…
Breast CA screening; ... 1. what to do if…
screening tests
a. Age 50: Begins... ·b.Age 75: Not routinely indicated above ag…
1. biopsy ... 2. if present in biopsy, test for ESTROGEN AND PRO…
Step 3 oncology most imp thing to know…
screening tests
Which of the following screening tests…
64 terms
Oncology
2nd MC cause of death in US... #1: heart…
Esophageal/pancreatic/hepatocellular c…
number of new cases diagnosed with a d…
number of cases at a specific time
Cancer Statistics
10 of top 15 cancers now have lower mortality rates... However,…
Incidence
Prevalence
2nd MC cause of death in US... #1: heart…
Cancer Statistics
Esophageal/pancreatic/hepatocellular c…
10 of top 15 cancers now have lower mortality rates... However,…
31 terms
Oncology
Lorazepam
Sodium Chloride
Allopurinol
Cetirizine
Anti-anxiety
Salt
Reduce Uric Acid
Anti-histamine
Lorazepam
Anti-anxiety
Sodium Chloride
Salt
25 terms
Oncology
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
Polycythemia Vera
Essential Thrombocytosis
Primary Myelofibrosis
Leukocytosis with high amounts of granulocytes. All stages of…
Headache, fatigue, dizziness; typical ruddy complexion... Incre…
Usually asymptomatic, but increased risk of thrombosis or hem…
Insidious onset; fatigue common and splenomegaly universal... C…
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
Leukocytosis with high amounts of granulocytes. All stages of…
Polycythemia Vera
Headache, fatigue, dizziness; typical ruddy complexion... Incre…
184 terms
Oncology
Benign (description)
Malignant (description)
What is done to confirm diagnosis
Cachexia
well differentiated... well demarcated ... mobile... uniform nuclei... lo…
poorly differentiated... erratic growth... high mitotic activity/ra…
Biopsy
weight loss, muscle atrophy, fatigue that occur in chronic di…
Benign (description)
well differentiated... well demarcated ... mobile... uniform nuclei... lo…
Malignant (description)
poorly differentiated... erratic growth... high mitotic activity/ra…
94 terms
Oncology
Aromatase Inhibitors
Anastrozole
Letrozole
Exemestane
Anastrozole (Arimidex)**... Letrozole (Femara)**... Exemestane (Aro…
Arimidex
Femara
Aromasin
Aromatase Inhibitors
Anastrozole (Arimidex)**... Letrozole (Femara)**... Exemestane (Aro…
Anastrozole
Arimidex
Oncology
Carcinogen
Carcinoma in situ (CIS)
Encapsulated
Hyperplasia
anything that causes or triggers cancer
malignant tumor whose cells have not spread beyond the origin…
growth enclosed in a sheath of tissue that prevents tumor cel…
excessive development of normal cells within an organ
Carcinogen
anything that causes or triggers cancer
Carcinoma in situ (CIS)
malignant tumor whose cells have not spread beyond the origin…
Oncology
Oncology
Hematologic
Non-hematologic
Tumor
Study of tumors and cancers
Cancers that originate in blood and immune system
Cancers that originate in solid tissues and other organs
Neoplasm; mass or swelling produced by abnormal cell growth a…
Oncology
Study of tumors and cancers
Hematologic
Cancers that originate in blood and immune system
20 terms
Oncology
Anaplastic
Oncogene
Oncogenisis/Carcinogenesis
Carcinogen
Not like parent cell
Developmental gene expressed at an inappropriate time, capabl…
Cancer development
Substances that change activity of a cells genes so that the…
Anaplastic
Not like parent cell
Oncogene
Developmental gene expressed at an inappropriate time, capabl…
oncology
oncology
what causes cancer?
what did the American cancer society r…
hematologic cancer
study of tumors and cancer
abnormal cell growth
they were either lung, colorectal, and prostate (men) or brea…
cancer in the BONE MARROW, LYMPHATIC SYSTEM, BLOOD OR IMMUNE…
oncology
study of tumors and cancer
what causes cancer?
abnormal cell growth
39 terms
Oncology
Oncology
Cancer
Hematologic cancers
Non-hematologic cancers
study of tumors and cancer
caused by abnormal cell growth
cancers that originate in the bone marrow, lymphatic system a…
cancers that orignate in solid tissues other than bone barrow…
Oncology
study of tumors and cancer
Cancer
caused by abnormal cell growth
7 terms
Oncology
Hematological toxicity
Endometrial cancer
Testicular self examination (TSE)
Cancer is the common cause of SIADH (s…
Low bacteia diet (fresh fruits & veggies)... Fluid intake... Indwel…
Pt with history of estrogen replacement therapy is at risk
Monthly after or end of warm bath.... Use both hands place finge…
Radiation ... Chemo... Serum sodium blood levels medication antagon…
Hematological toxicity
Low bacteia diet (fresh fruits & veggies)... Fluid intake... Indwel…
Endometrial cancer
Pt with history of estrogen replacement therapy is at risk
41 terms
Oncology
REVIEW: A woman presents with headache…
REVIEW: A patient presents with hypert…
REVIEW: How does the brain utilize ket…
What type of tumor matches each of the…
Pituitary adenoma
Dx: Primary hyperaldosteronism (Conn syndrome)... Tx: Spironola…
Brain metabolizes ketone body to 2 acetyl-coA molecules for u…
Benign tumor of epithelium = Adenoma or Papilloma... Malignant…
REVIEW: A woman presents with headache…
Pituitary adenoma
REVIEW: A patient presents with hypert…
Dx: Primary hyperaldosteronism (Conn syndrome)... Tx: Spironola…
18 terms
ONCOLOGY
alopecia
anemia
anorexia
benign
loss of hair
A decrease in the number of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin…
an eating disorder that causes absence of appitite for food
Abnormal cell mass, but not cancerous
alopecia
loss of hair
anemia
A decrease in the number of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin…
Oncology
Hodgkins Lymphoma
Non-Hodgkins lymphoma
Chronic myeloid leukemia
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
B cell lymphoma, 20-50 year olds; painless lymphadenopathy; B…
B cell lymphoma; 50 yo and older; HIV, Pesticide; painless ly…
50 yo; philly chromosome; tyrosine kinase; still differentiat…
70 yo/ MC in adults; mature lymphocytes; bruising; lymphadeno…
Hodgkins Lymphoma
B cell lymphoma, 20-50 year olds; painless lymphadenopathy; B…
Non-Hodgkins lymphoma
B cell lymphoma; 50 yo and older; HIV, Pesticide; painless ly…
Oncology
Autologous
Alopecia
Benign
Biopsy
Indicating something the originates with the patient, especia…
Loss of hair as a result of the destruction of the follicles.
Not recurrent or progressive non malignant.
The removal of a small piece of living tissue from an organ o…
Autologous
Indicating something the originates with the patient, especia…
Alopecia
Loss of hair as a result of the destruction of the follicles.
Oncology
Prostate cancer
Normal PSA level
Common type of lung cancer in non-smoker
Oat cell lung carcinoma (small cell ca…
Dx: DRE - digital rectal exam... Tx: localized - prostatectomy…
less than 4 ng/ml
Lung adenocarcinoma
cough, hoarseness, wieght loss, SEIDH
Prostate cancer
Dx: DRE - digital rectal exam... Tx: localized - prostatectomy…
Normal PSA level
less than 4 ng/ml
Oncology
Cancer/neoplasia
oncology
tumor
hyperplasia
uncontrolled growth of abnormal, useless cells
study of cancer
a benign or maignant mass
increase in number of cells
Cancer/neoplasia
uncontrolled growth of abnormal, useless cells
oncology
study of cancer
20 terms
Oncology
infiltrate & destroy adjacent normal t…
a palpable mass or abnormal thickening…
abnormal bleeding or discharge
obvious change in wart or mole
characteristic of cancerous tumors
signs & symptoms
signs & symptoms
signs & symptoms
infiltrate & destroy adjacent normal t…
characteristic of cancerous tumors
a palpable mass or abnormal thickening…
signs & symptoms
Oncology
A nonmalignant neoplasm
A procedure in which a piece of tissue…
A general term used to describe malign…
An agent used to prevent the developme…
benign
biopsy
cancer
chemotherapy
A nonmalignant neoplasm
benign
A procedure in which a piece of tissue…
biopsy
32 terms
Oncology
Onc/o
My/o
Something in the environment that can…
What is cesamet(drug) used for?
Tumor
Muscle
Carcinogen
Used to treat nausea and vomiting
Onc/o
Tumor
My/o
Muscle
Oncology
Process of Carcinogenesis
Intrinsic factors in Carcinogenesis
Viral Extrinsic factors
Bacterial Extrinsic Factors
Initiation... Promotion... Progression
Age, genetics (familial tendencies, chromosomal abnormalities)
Hive, CMV, herpes, papilloma, hepatitis B
H. Pylori
Process of Carcinogenesis
Initiation... Promotion... Progression
Intrinsic factors in Carcinogenesis
Age, genetics (familial tendencies, chromosomal abnormalities)
11 terms
Oncology
Graft versus host disease (GVHD)
Nadir
Intravesical
Superior vena cava syndrome
-T cells from donor bone marrow attack and destroy vulnerable…
-Lowest point the blood count reaches prior to recovery after…
-Therapy in which Bacillus Calmeette-Guerin (BCG) or interfer…
-Partial occlusion of SVC... -Leads to lower than normal blood f…
Graft versus host disease (GVHD)
-T cells from donor bone marrow attack and destroy vulnerable…
Nadir
-Lowest point the blood count reaches prior to recovery after…
104 terms
Oncology
Carcinoma
Cancer risk factors
CAUTION
Primary cancer prevention
malignancy originating from the epithelial cells of organs. C…
-increasing age... -tobacco use... -alcohol use... -gender... -virus expo…
C-change in bowel/bladder routine... A- A sore throat that will…
- screening for high risk population... -elimination of modifiab…
Carcinoma
malignancy originating from the epithelial cells of organs. C…
Cancer risk factors
-increasing age... -tobacco use... -alcohol use... -gender... -virus expo…
41 terms
oncology
fnct activity, pain reduction, exercise
lung, breast, colon, bladder, prostate
fat, bone, muscles
carcinoma
Physical therapy focuses on what 3 things?
where are some common carcinomas?
where are some common sarcomas?
_: skin or tisues that line or cover internal organs
fnct activity, pain reduction, exercise
Physical therapy focuses on what 3 things?
lung, breast, colon, bladder, prostate
where are some common carcinomas?
14 terms
Oncology
BLAST/O
CAC/O
CANCER/O, CARCIN/O
CHEM/O
EMBROYONIC OR DEVELOPING CELL. EG- BLASTOGENESIS
ILL, UNPLEASANT, BAD. EG- CACHEXIA
CANCER. EG- CANCERICIDAL, CARCINOGENIC
CHEMICAL, DRUG. EG- CHEMOTHERAPY
BLAST/O
EMBROYONIC OR DEVELOPING CELL. EG- BLASTOGENESIS
CAC/O
ILL, UNPLEASANT, BAD. EG- CACHEXIA
101 terms
Oncology
Benign
has no useful function/ uncontrolled g…
anaplasia
carcinogenesis/ oncogenesis
this is a normal cell that grows in the wrong place such as a…
a malignant cell has these two factors
this is the loss of appearance in a normal cell
this is the term for the development of cancer
Benign
this is a normal cell that grows in the wrong place such as a…
has no useful function/ uncontrolled g…
a malignant cell has these two factors
Oncology
State what the abbreviations SDTM, ADa…
Describe CDISC
What is the eCTD?
Describe PROC CDISC
SDTM: Study Data Tabulation Model, whose data sets are close…
CDISC stands for Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consorti…
electronic common technical document, which defines the conte…
PROC CDISC is a base SAS procedure that checks the integrity…
State what the abbreviations SDTM, ADa…
SDTM: Study Data Tabulation Model, whose data sets are close…
Describe CDISC
CDISC stands for Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consorti…
72 terms
Oncology
Top 3 most common cancers incidences i…
Top 3 most common cancer deaths in:... 1…
What are the colorectal cancer screeni…
What is the tumor cell burden?
1) prostate, lung, colorectal... 2) breast, lung, colorectal
1. lung... 2. prostate (1)/breast (2)... 3. colorectal
- screen once every 10 years in males and females starting at…
- the size/number of cells that determines whether or not a p…
Top 3 most common cancers incidences i…
1) prostate, lung, colorectal... 2) breast, lung, colorectal
Top 3 most common cancer deaths in:... 1…
1. lung... 2. prostate (1)/breast (2)... 3. colorectal
38 terms
Oncology
Oncology
Malignant
Benign
Neoplasm
The study, diagnosis, and treatment of tumors
Used to describe tumors; cancerous tumor
Nonmalignant tumor; friendly tumor
Any abnormal new growth of tissue in which the multiplication…
Oncology
The study, diagnosis, and treatment of tumors
Malignant
Used to describe tumors; cancerous tumor
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