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Study sets matching "oncology"

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Study sets matching "oncology"

87 terms
ONCOLOGY
Trends in the incidence and death rate…
What cellular features of cancer cells…
A characteristic of the stage of progr…
The primary protective role of the imm…
d... Rationale: Cancer incidence and death rates are disproport…
a,b,e... Rationale: Two major dysfunctions in the process of ca…
d... Progression is the final stage of cancer. This stage is ch…
a... Cancer cells may display altered cell surface antigens as…
Trends in the incidence and death rate…
d... Rationale: Cancer incidence and death rates are disproport…
What cellular features of cancer cells…
a,b,e... Rationale: Two major dysfunctions in the process of ca…
33 terms
oncology
What are PSA, mammography, pap tests
What is yearly breast exam by professi…
What are carcinogen
changes in bowel or bladder... habits, a…
Examples of lab tests that are aimed at the secondary prevent…
The American Cancer Society recommendations for breast cancer…
These include tobacco, radiation exposure, chemicals such as…
The seven warning signs of cancer.
What are PSA, mammography, pap tests
Examples of lab tests that are aimed at the secondary prevent…
What is yearly breast exam by professi…
The American Cancer Society recommendations for breast cancer…
90 terms
Oncology
Study of tumors
Cancer is the __ leading cause of deat…
Six risk factors that predispose to ca…
83% of persons with lung cancer were ___
oncology
second
1. Smoking... 2. Dietary Habits... 3. Exposure to Radiation... 4.Expos…
smokers.
Study of tumors
oncology
Cancer is the __ leading cause of deat…
second
70 terms
Oncology
Which type of tumor can invade surroun…
Which type of prevention is concerned…
Primary prevention promotion strategie…
What are some examples of Primary prev…
Malignant tumors
Primary Prevention
- Avoid known carcinogens... - Lifestyle, dietary changes to red…
Examples:... Sunscreen... Smoking cessation... decreased caloric intak…
Which type of tumor can invade surroun…
Malignant tumors
Which type of prevention is concerned…
Primary Prevention
57 terms
Oncology
Cancer is classified by-
What are the 2 types of cancer?
Solid tumours- 2 types
Hematologic Malignancies
The tissue or blood cells... Type of cancer
Solid tumours... Hematologic malignancies
Sarcomas- begin in connective tissue... Carcinoma- originate fro…
Originate in blood or lymphatic cells
Cancer is classified by-
The tissue or blood cells... Type of cancer
What are the 2 types of cancer?
Solid tumours... Hematologic malignancies
16 terms
Oncology
What are the Hallmarks of Cancer?
What causes the first three hallmarks?
What causes the fourth hallmark?
What causes the fifth hallmark?
1. Self-sufficiency in growth signals ... 2. Insensitivity to an…
Mutations in the genes that regulate the mitogenic signaling…
The apparently limitless replicative potential is due to telo…
Without vascularization tumour nodules cannot grow larger tha…
What are the Hallmarks of Cancer?
1. Self-sufficiency in growth signals ... 2. Insensitivity to an…
What causes the first three hallmarks?
Mutations in the genes that regulate the mitogenic signaling…
Oncology
What tumors are round cell tumors?
What cells from an lyphoma aspirate co…
Do sarcomas spread to the lymph nodes?
What tumor is the great imitator?
Lymphoma, Mast Cell Tumor (MCT), Histocytoma, Plasma Cell Tum…
Greater than 50% blast cells
no spread hematogenously
Mast Cell Tumor... - frequent size changes... - SubQ nodule ... - has…
What tumors are round cell tumors?
Lymphoma, Mast Cell Tumor (MCT), Histocytoma, Plasma Cell Tum…
What cells from an lyphoma aspirate co…
Greater than 50% blast cells
92 terms
Oncology
Cytotoxic chemotherapy... -Its job... -Admin…
Cell life span... -neutrophil... -RBC... -plate…
This type of cancer therapy is directe…
Side effects of targeted therapy in ca…
Kills rapidly growing cells (not just cancer cells)... Generall…
Neutrophil: 10 days... RBC: 120 days... Platelet: 5 days
Targeted therapy... (-mab, and -nib drugs)
Acneiform rash... Nausea and diarrhea... Abnormal LFTs... Fluid retent…
Cytotoxic chemotherapy... -Its job... -Admin…
Kills rapidly growing cells (not just cancer cells)... Generall…
Cell life span... -neutrophil... -RBC... -plate…
Neutrophil: 10 days... RBC: 120 days... Platelet: 5 days
21 terms
Oncology
Describe for malignant and benign tumo…
How can metastatic spread happen?
What haematological complications can…
What are the effects of hyperhistamina…
Malignant: Fast growth that doesn't stop, invasive with poorl…
Via the blood or lymph. It can be transcoelomic across the pl…
Non-regenerative anaemia, thrombocytopenia and leukopenia... Mye…
Locally- oedematous swelling, a tendancy for localised bleedi…
Describe for malignant and benign tumo…
Malignant: Fast growth that doesn't stop, invasive with poorl…
How can metastatic spread happen?
Via the blood or lymph. It can be transcoelomic across the pl…
16 terms
Oncology
HIV w Inguinal mets
Seminoma vs Non-seminoma
Pelvic masses (multiple) + Omental thi…
Cystic changes of breast assoc w period
Consider Squamous Cell CA secondary to HPV from anal sex. ... (…
Seminoma: high BhcG only... Non-seminomatous: high BhcG and HIG…
Consider ovarian adenocarcinoma.
Fibrocystic Changes / Breast cyst ... (order U/S)
HIV w Inguinal mets
Consider Squamous Cell CA secondary to HPV from anal sex. ... (…
Seminoma vs Non-seminoma
Seminoma: high BhcG only... Non-seminomatous: high BhcG and HIG…
43 terms
Oncology
Adenomastosis
Anaplastic
Bronchoscopy
Cachexia
A nonspecific term for the formation of multiple, usually ben…
"soma" change of function or structure of a cell
device used to see the inside of the airways and lungs
Generalized wasting, (fat and muscles)
Adenomastosis
A nonspecific term for the formation of multiple, usually ben…
Anaplastic
"soma" change of function or structure of a cell
126 terms
oncology
Most common site for women to get canc…
Most common site for men to get cancer?
Neoplasia
Neoplasm
Breast
Prostate
development of abnormal growth of new cells that are unrespon…
any abnormal growth of new tissue that serves no useful purpo…
Most common site for women to get canc…
Breast
Most common site for men to get cancer?
Prostate
20 terms
Oncology
The nurse is reviewing the laboratory…
The nurse is developing a plan of care…
A client is admitted to the hospital w…
During the admission assessment of a c…
1. Findings indicative of multiple myeloma are an increased n…
1. Hypercalcemia caused by bone destruction is a priority con…
4. Hodgkin's disease is a chronic progressive neoplastic diso…
4. Clinical manifestations of ovarian cancer include abdomina…
The nurse is reviewing the laboratory…
1. Findings indicative of multiple myeloma are an increased n…
The nurse is developing a plan of care…
1. Hypercalcemia caused by bone destruction is a priority con…
35 terms
Oncology
What suffix is used at the end of the…
What suffix is used at the end of the…
What suffix is used at the end of the…
What term would be used to describe a…
-oma
- carcinoma
-sarcoma
Osteosarcoma
What suffix is used at the end of the…
-oma
What suffix is used at the end of the…
- carcinoma
76 terms
Oncology
What is oncology?
What is cancer?
Benign tumors:
What are two commonly found benign tum…
the study of cancer
an uncontrolled growth of cells on or within the body
an unchecked growth of cells that does not destroy local tiss…
lipomas and hystiocytomas
What is oncology?
the study of cancer
What is cancer?
an uncontrolled growth of cells on or within the body
Oncology
Which of the following statements are…
Which of the following chemotherapeuti…
Choose the correct statement concernin…
Which of the following classes of drug…
A... C... D... stop inf, elevate limb, use cold compress (except for…
A... Incorrect... Doxil (doxorubicin) and DaunoXome (daunorubicin)…
C... Correct... Appetite will increase. Euphoria, drowsiness and o…
C... Correct... The IV bisphosphonates indicated for hypercalcemia…
Which of the following statements are…
A... C... D... stop inf, elevate limb, use cold compress (except for…
Which of the following chemotherapeuti…
A... Incorrect... Doxil (doxorubicin) and DaunoXome (daunorubicin)…
43 terms
Oncology
Most common type of CA
At what age do most smokers start smok…
What are the purposes of staging (2)?
What are the most common staging guide…
Lung CA
18 y/o
Guidelines for Tx ... Indication of Px
Tumors... Nodes... Metastasis
Most common type of CA
Lung CA
At what age do most smokers start smok…
18 y/o
7 terms
Oncology
Ifosfamide
Pegfilgrastim
Etoposide
Carboplatin
...
...
...
...
Ifosfamide
...
Pegfilgrastim
...
288 terms
oncology
The nurse is reviewing the laboratory…
The nurse is developing a plan of care…
A client is admitted to the hospital w…
During the admission assessment of a c…
Findings indicative of multiple myeloma are an increased numb…
Hypercalcemia caused by bone destruction is a priority concer…
Hodgkin's disease is a chronic progressive neoplastic disorde…
Clinical manifestations of ovarian cancer include abdominal d…
The nurse is reviewing the laboratory…
Findings indicative of multiple myeloma are an increased numb…
The nurse is developing a plan of care…
Hypercalcemia caused by bone destruction is a priority concer…
8 terms
Oncology
Confusion presentation
Vomiting presentation
SOB presentation
Bony metastases
Disease-related: hypercalcaemia; brain mets... Mx-related: opiat…
Disease-related: primary obstruction (tumour); secondary obst…
Disease-related: effusion; SVCO; PE; lung mets; anaemia (BM i…
Lung... Breast... Prostate
Confusion presentation
Disease-related: hypercalcaemia; brain mets... Mx-related: opiat…
Vomiting presentation
Disease-related: primary obstruction (tumour); secondary obst…
8 terms
Oncology
Cushing's syndrome
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic…
Hypercalcemia
Carcinoid Syndrome
Cause: increased ACTH... Signs: central obesity, striae, acne, r…
Cause: Ectopic antidiuretic hormone, inc water abs... Signs: hyp…
Cause: PTHrP, TGF-α, TNF, IL-1... Signs: altered mental status,…
Cause: inc Serotonin, Bradykinin... Signs: wheezing, flushing, d…
Cushing's syndrome
Cause: increased ACTH... Signs: central obesity, striae, acne, r…
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic…
Cause: Ectopic antidiuretic hormone, inc water abs... Signs: hyp…
12 terms
oncology
chemotherapy
electrotherapy
radiotherapy
dissolve
化疗
电疗
辐射疗法
溶解v
chemotherapy
化疗
electrotherapy
电疗
7 terms
Oncology
Cancer
Carcinogen
Oncologist
Oncology
Uncontrolled division of abnormal body cells that for. Abnorm…
Cancer causing substance
Physical specializing in cancer
Study of cancer
Cancer
Uncontrolled division of abnormal body cells that for. Abnorm…
Carcinogen
Cancer causing substance
5 terms
Oncology
Дисплазия
Противоопухолевых средств
Рак Молочный Железы
Рак Тела Матки
это нарушение дифференцировки клеток,... изменение их антигенных…
паклитаксел + цисплатин
CA - 153
CA - 125
Дисплазия
это нарушение дифференцировки клеток,... изменение их антигенных…
Противоопухолевых средств
паклитаксел + цисплатин
14 terms
oncology
leukine
6-MP
arimidex
novaldex
sargramostin
mercaptopurine
anastrozole
tamoxifen
leukine
sargramostin
6-MP
mercaptopurine
17 terms
Oncology
adenocarcinoma
adenoma
carcinoma (CA)
chloroma
...
...
...
...
adenocarcinoma
...
adenoma
...
76 terms
Oncology
Cholangioma Liver Cancers
Bladder Cancer
Burkitt's Lymphoma
Adult T Cell Lymphoma
Opisthorchid trematodes
Schistosome trematodes
EBV & Plasmodium falciparum
T lymphotropic virus
Cholangioma Liver Cancers
Opisthorchid trematodes
Bladder Cancer
Schistosome trematodes
Oncology
Static
Expanding
Renewing
Hypertrophy
no division after embryonic period
cease dividing when organ reaches normal adult size
Continuously dividing cells
each individual cell enlarges causing growth of organ or tissue
Static
no division after embryonic period
Expanding
cease dividing when organ reaches normal adult size
10 terms
Oncology
ana-
-blast
carcin/o
chem/o
not, without
embryonic stage of development
cancer
pertaining to a chemical; drug
ana-
not, without
-blast
embryonic stage of development
14 terms
Oncology
Leukine
6-MP
Arimidex
Novaldex
sargramostin
mercaptopurine
anastrozole
tamoxifen
Leukine
sargramostin
6-MP
mercaptopurine
9 terms
Oncology
General Considerations
General Cancer Manifestations
Bone Marrow/Stem Cell Transplantation
Leukemias
Cancer can be caused by genetics or environmental factors (to…
Nausea and vomiting, fatigue, alopecia (should grow back in 3…
Becoming more frequent (it can cure the cancer but the illnes…
The most common childhood cancer (seen in boys more than girl…
General Considerations
Cancer can be caused by genetics or environmental factors (to…
General Cancer Manifestations
Nausea and vomiting, fatigue, alopecia (should grow back in 3…
16 terms
Oncology
Malignant vs Benign Tumours
Migration and invasion are capable due…
Neoplasm: malignant/benign?... Hyperplasi…
Elements of good screening test: decr…
Malignant: cancer, cells invade neighbouring tissue, enter BV…
Migration and invasion are due to cytokines and proteases
Neoplasm: tumours. New growth w no physiological purpose (may…
Elements of good screening test: decr death rate, improves QO…
Malignant vs Benign Tumours
Malignant: cancer, cells invade neighbouring tissue, enter BV…
Migration and invasion are capable due…
Migration and invasion are due to cytokines and proteases
11 terms
Oncology
Types of impairments resulting from br…
Motor impairments resulting from Bra…
Sensory impairments resulting from B…
Cognitive impairments resulting from…
This type of cancer results in impairments of: Motor... Sensor…
Mobility activity restriction, i.e. Access, Architectural b…
Safety/pain restrictions, i.e. need for supervision, intole…
Restrictions in planning, sequencing, memory, and insight i…
Types of impairments resulting from br…
This type of cancer results in impairments of: Motor... Sensor…
Motor impairments resulting from Bra…
Mobility activity restriction, i.e. Access, Architectural b…
26 terms
Oncology
Adenocarcinoma
Adjuvant therapy
Anti-angiogenic
Benign tumor
Cancer that forms in gland tissue
Secondary/assisting therapy
Type of chemotherapy that intereres with the formation of blo…
Non-cancerous tumor
Adenocarcinoma
Cancer that forms in gland tissue
Adjuvant therapy
Secondary/assisting therapy
27 terms
Oncology
Intrinsic factors v. Extrensic
Benign cells v. Malignant cells
3 stages of transformation
What enhances cell growth?
Intrinsic: internal, immutable... -Immune system: tumors alter a…
Benign:... -Defined borders... -Same appearance: size, shape... -Has a…
Transformation: transition from benign to malignant... 1. Initia…
Blood supply
Intrinsic factors v. Extrensic
Intrinsic: internal, immutable... -Immune system: tumors alter a…
Benign cells v. Malignant cells
Benign:... -Defined borders... -Same appearance: size, shape... -Has a…
5 terms
Oncology
Complication associated with Bleomycin
Complications associated with Cisplatin
Complications associated with cyclopho…
Complication associated with vincristine
Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis
Nephrotoxicity... Ototoxicity... Neurotoxicity
Hemorrhagic cystitis ... SIADH
Peripheral neuropathy
Complication associated with Bleomycin
Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis
Complications associated with Cisplatin
Nephrotoxicity... Ototoxicity... Neurotoxicity
17 terms
Oncology
blast/o
cac/o
cancer/o, carcin/o
chem/o
embryonic or developing cell
ill, unpleasant, bad
cancer
chemical, drug
blast/o
embryonic or developing cell
cac/o
ill, unpleasant, bad
35 terms
oncology
Cancer
Neoplasm
Anaplasia
Dysplasia
Alteration of growth and proliferation of normal cell. (ver i…
Abnormal mass of tissue that serves no purpose and may be har…
"without form" cellular disorganization (usually malignant)
Changes in cell size, shape, & organization (does not mean it…
Cancer
Alteration of growth and proliferation of normal cell. (ver i…
Neoplasm
Abnormal mass of tissue that serves no purpose and may be har…
112 terms
Oncology
TNM classification
TNM Classification: Primary Tumor
TNM Classification: Region Lymph Nodes
TNM Classification: Distant Metastasis
T = tumor ... N = nodes... M = metastases
(T) TX Primary tumor cannot be evaluated ... T0 No evidence of p…
(N) NN0 No regional lymph node involvement (no cancer found i…
(M) MX Distant metastasis cannot be evaluated ... M0 No distant…
TNM classification
T = tumor ... N = nodes... M = metastases
TNM Classification: Primary Tumor
(T) TX Primary tumor cannot be evaluated ... T0 No evidence of p…
254 terms
oncology
photooncogenes
mutations
oncogenes
tumor suppressor genes
normal cell genes that are important regulators of normal cel…
alter expression of photooncogenes, makes oncogenes
altered by mutations, tumor inducing genes
seen in more meds to target suppressor genes to decrease cell…
photooncogenes
normal cell genes that are important regulators of normal cel…
mutations
alter expression of photooncogenes, makes oncogenes
58 terms
Oncology
Benign
Malignant
Cancer
Oncology
________=composed of well-differentiated cells that resemble…
_____________=less differentiated and have lost their ability…
Tumors or neuplasms
Study or science of neoplasms
Benign
________=composed of well-differentiated cells that resemble…
Malignant
_____________=less differentiated and have lost their ability…
30 terms
Oncology
Oncology
General Signs and Symptoms of Cancer
Cancer Prevention
Tissue & Tumor Classification
-abnormal uncontrolled cell growth= cancer, neoplasm, tumor,…
C.A.U.T.I.O.N... C= change in bowel/bladder routine... A= a sore…
Primary Prevention:... -screening for high risk populations... -e…
Epithelium:... -classification= carcinoma or adenocarcinoma (g…
Oncology
-abnormal uncontrolled cell growth= cancer, neoplasm, tumor,…
General Signs and Symptoms of Cancer
C.A.U.T.I.O.N... C= change in bowel/bladder routine... A= a sore…
22 terms
Oncology
Neoplasm
Benign neoplasm
Malignant neoplasm
Anaplasia
Any swelling that is caused by inflammation (new growth)
Cells arise from normal differentiated cells
Disease of the cell characterized by abnormal function, growt…
Loss of cellular differentiation
Neoplasm
Any swelling that is caused by inflammation (new growth)
Benign neoplasm
Cells arise from normal differentiated cells
31 terms
Oncology
cyclophosphamide
ifosfamide
cisplatin
doxorubicin
Cytoxan
Ifex
Platinol
Adriamycin
cyclophosphamide
Cytoxan
ifosfamide
Ifex
19 terms
Oncology
blast/o
carcin/o
chem/o
cry/o
embryonic
cancer
chemical, drug
cold
blast/o
embryonic
carcin/o
cancer
10 terms
Oncology
Hormonal & reproductive risk factors f…
BRCA1 Mutation frequency
Spread of Ovarian cancer can be;
Signs & Symptoms of Ovarian
Family history... Low parity & infertility... Ovulation inducing dr…
1 in 800 in General Population... 1 in 100 in Jewish women of ea…
Local... Transcoelomic... Lymphatic... Haematogenous
Fatigue & Anorexia... Bowel - abdo bloating/distension, loss of…
Hormonal & reproductive risk factors f…
Family history... Low parity & infertility... Ovulation inducing dr…
BRCA1 Mutation frequency
1 in 800 in General Population... 1 in 100 in Jewish women of ea…
48 terms
Oncology
Fibrous CT
Lipomatous tissue
Cartillage
Bone
o Fibroma... o Fibromatosis... o Fibrosarcoma
o Lipoma... Fibrolipoma... Angiolipoma... Myelolipoma... Spindle cell…
o Osteochondroma... o Chondroma... o Chondroblastoma... o Chondrosarco…
o Osteoma... o Osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma... o Osteosarcoma
Fibrous CT
o Fibroma... o Fibromatosis... o Fibrosarcoma
Lipomatous tissue
o Lipoma... Fibrolipoma... Angiolipoma... Myelolipoma... Spindle cell…
42 terms
Oncology
Oncology
Oncologist
Carcinoma
Neoplasm
Branch of medicine that deals with tumor
Physician that specializes in oncology
Arise in epithelial tissues that form the skin and linings of…
Abnormal growth of new tissue
Oncology
Branch of medicine that deals with tumor
Oncologist
Physician that specializes in oncology
51 terms
oncology
aden
angi
cancer
capsul
gland
vessel
crab;cancer
a little box
aden
gland
angi
vessel
20 terms
Oncology
Neutropenia
Spinal tap(lumber puncture)
CSF
Multiplying cells
こうちゅうきゅうげん症
セキツイせんし
脳せきずいえき
ゾウショク細胞
Neutropenia
こうちゅうきゅうげん症
Spinal tap(lumber puncture)
セキツイせんし
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