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Study sets matching "ontological"

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Study sets matching "ontological"

18 terms
Ontological
What is it?
a priori
deductive
analytic
Existence of God based on logic
purely logical
conclusion follows necessarily from the premise
a definitional statement therefore it is true
What is it?
Existence of God based on logic
a priori
purely logical
68 terms
ONTOLOGICAL
CREATED IN
WRITTEN IN
IT ATTEMPTS TO
A PRIORI
1078
THE PROSLOGIAN
PROVE GOD'S EXISTENCE FROM THE MEANING OF GOD
IT MOVES BY LOGICAL STAGES TO A CONCLUSION THAT IS SELF-EVIDE…
CREATED IN
1078
WRITTEN IN
THE PROSLOGIAN
8 terms
Ontological
Davis
Caterus
Kant
Gualino
Uses presupposition, uses idea as reality
Doesnt correspond to anything in reality
Existance is not a predicate
Perfect island
Davis
Uses presupposition, uses idea as reality
Caterus
Doesnt correspond to anything in reality
15 terms
Ontological
Type of argument
Ontology
Anselm's OA aim 1
Anselm's OA 1
A priori - based on logic... God HAS to exist.... Study definition…
Study of nature, characteristics and definition of something…
Demonstrate God existence to the fool (atheist)
God: that which nothing greater can be conceived.... REDUCTIO AD…
Type of argument
A priori - based on logic... God HAS to exist.... Study definition…
Ontology
Study of nature, characteristics and definition of something…
9 terms
Ontological
Anselm
Descartes
Hume
Liebnez
Reductio ad absurdum, ... In re & in intelluctu, necessary exist…
Rationality and cognito ergo sum
False assumptions about existence, cant define things into ex…
Impossible to think of God as lacking perfections, therefore…
Anselm
Reductio ad absurdum, ... In re & in intelluctu, necessary exist…
Descartes
Rationality and cognito ergo sum
37 terms
ONTOLOGICAL
Deductive definition
fallacy definition
analytic definition
a priori definition
conclusion is logically certain if premises are true
failure in reasoning
draws a conclusion from definitions of premises (2+2)
conclusions reasoned independently from experience
Deductive definition
conclusion is logically certain if premises are true
fallacy definition
failure in reasoning
43 terms
Ontological
Why does Anselm start with a definition?
What is Anselm's definition of god?
What is premise one of Anselm's argume…
What is premise two?
Because he stated that we can prove God's existence from the…
"That than which no greater can be conceived."
God is "that than which no greater can be conceived".
The concept of god exists in our minds.
Why does Anselm start with a definition?
Because he stated that we can prove God's existence from the…
What is Anselm's definition of god?
"That than which no greater can be conceived."
31 terms
Ontology
Quine
Naturalism
Epistemology
Carnap
A naturalist. He holds that all of our attempts at knowledge…
In philosophy, naturalism is the "idea or belief that only na…
Epistemology is the investigation of what distinguishes justi…
Logical Empiricist. Carnap holds that the role of philosophy…
Quine
A naturalist. He holds that all of our attempts at knowledge…
Naturalism
In philosophy, naturalism is the "idea or belief that only na…
19 terms
Ontology
Analytic
A priori
Contingent
Deductive
Statements of reason- logic within itself
Argument based on reason
Relies on something else to exist
Deducing from the statement that the conclusion is true
Analytic
Statements of reason- logic within itself
A priori
Argument based on reason
20 terms
Ontology
Plastic Art
Psychoanalysis
Labyrinthine
Anthropocentric
Art form that is malleable and preserves history and memory.
Study of someones brain
Irregular and twisting, intricate and confusing
Regarding humankind as the central or most important element…
Plastic Art
Art form that is malleable and preserves history and memory.
Psychoanalysis
Study of someones brain
24 terms
Ontology
ontology
OWL
domain
individual
Basically a defined vocabulary for describing a particular fi…
A standard ontological language created by the World Wide Web…
The field or set of individuals, concepts, or things that we…
Specific objects in our domain of interest. For two to be equ…
ontology
Basically a defined vocabulary for describing a particular fi…
OWL
A standard ontological language created by the World Wide Web…
42 terms
Ontology
What world view did philosophy/science…
The limits of my language are the limi…
Philosophy begins in ______
The first philosopher
Mythos
World
Wonder
Thales
What world view did philosophy/science…
Mythos
The limits of my language are the limi…
World
10 terms
Ontologies
Materialism
Idealism
Objectivism
Subjectivism
reality is composed only of physical matter and that everythi…
The philosophical tenet that maintains that what is real is i…
The philosophical doctrine that reality is objective and exte…
philosophical doctrine which holds that reality and our knowl…
Materialism
reality is composed only of physical matter and that everythi…
Idealism
The philosophical tenet that maintains that what is real is i…
32 terms
Ontology
Plentitude
Revelation
Revealed theology
Chain of being
Plenty of stuff
God told me so
Theology based on special revelation
Every existing thing has its place in a divinely hierarchical…
Plentitude
Plenty of stuff
Revelation
God told me so
8 terms
The Ontological argument
Ontological argument is...
Anselm's Ontological argument
Contingent being
Gaunilo's challenge
An a priori argument (Made by reasoning not experience)
- There is nothing greater than God and God is ultimately per…
Depends on something else for existence and is not necessary
Used an example of an island - just because he can imagine no…
Ontological argument is...
An a priori argument (Made by reasoning not experience)
Anselm's Ontological argument
- There is nothing greater than God and God is ultimately per…
13 terms
ontological argument
existence of reality does belong to th…
objection 1)we separate existence from…
objection 2) we cannot think of god ex…
objection 3) we need not assume that G…
god, hence, god exists
reply: a perfect being doesn't lack perfection, existence
reply: necessity of God's existence that imposes necessity on…
reply: it is impossible in conceiving a supreme being to avoi…
existence of reality does belong to th…
god, hence, god exists
objection 1)we separate existence from…
reply: a perfect being doesn't lack perfection, existence
31 terms
Ontological Arguments
What is the name of the book that Anse…
Bible Psalm that was used by Anselm
Ontos
logos
Proslogion
Fools say in their hearts there is no God
being
study of
What is the name of the book that Anse…
Proslogion
Bible Psalm that was used by Anselm
Fools say in their hearts there is no God
11 terms
ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT
The ontological argument
Analytic statement
Synthetic statement
Anselm's first formulation
the argument that God must exist
statement which is ridiculous and/or impossible to think of a…
statement in which the statements truth or falsity depends on…
P1: God is a being than which nothing greater can be thought…
The ontological argument
the argument that God must exist
Analytic statement
statement which is ridiculous and/or impossible to think of a…
45 terms
Ontological Emergencies
What is Extravasation?
What causes extravastation?
List some Vesicant antineoplastic agen…
How can you reduce the chance of extra…
Escape of caustic fluid from a leaky blood vessel resulting i…
Vesticant antineoplastic agents
Adriamycin... Vinca alkaloids... Nitrogen mustard
Advocate for Central lines
What is Extravasation?
Escape of caustic fluid from a leaky blood vessel resulting i…
What causes extravastation?
Vesticant antineoplastic agents
9 terms
Ontological arguement
Anselm
Descartes
Leibniz
Malcolm
God is greater than which nothing can be conceived. We can be…
I have the idea of God, the idea of God is the idea of a supr…
He claimed that a better understanding of what a perfection i…
Either God exists or God doesn't exist, if God exists, god ca…
Anselm
God is greater than which nothing can be conceived. We can be…
Descartes
I have the idea of God, the idea of God is the idea of a supr…
17 terms
Ontological Terminology
Oncology
Carcinogens
Adenomas
Carcinoma
Is the study of tumors
Anything we know that causes cancer (Radiation, sun, viruses…
Tumors of the glands
Solid tumors, what are generally malignant
Oncology
Is the study of tumors
Carcinogens
Anything we know that causes cancer (Radiation, sun, viruses…
8 terms
The Ontological Argument
Analytic
Contingent
Incoherent
Necessary
The concept of the subject is contained in the predicate - tr…
Something that is not immortal and depends on something else…
A philosophical argument which fails because it is illogical.
The word used in Philosophy to say something has to be that w…
Analytic
The concept of the subject is contained in the predicate - tr…
Contingent
Something that is not immortal and depends on something else…
45 terms
Ontological Emergencies
What is Extravasation?
What causes extravastation?
List some Vesicant antineoplastic agen…
How can you reduce the chance of extra…
Escape of caustic fluid from a leaky blood vessel resulting i…
Vesticant antineoplastic agents
Adriamycin... Vinca alkaloids... Nitrogen mustard
Advocate for Central lines
What is Extravasation?
Escape of caustic fluid from a leaky blood vessel resulting i…
What causes extravastation?
Vesticant antineoplastic agents
17 terms
The Ontological Argument
'Ontological' means
saint and Archbishop who formulated an…
Anselm's Ontological Argument- a prior…
First premise:
concerned with existence
Anselm
'a priori'
God is the greatest conceivable being.
'Ontological' means
concerned with existence
saint and Archbishop who formulated an…
Anselm
12 terms
The ontological argument
ST.Anselm
Quote
Reductio Ad Absurdum
The argument in two syllogisms
- An Italian monk who lived from 1033 - 1109... - Interested in…
(God is) 'That than which no greater can be conceived'
This means a hypothesis is taken and is shown to have absurd…
- God is that no greater can be conceived... - IF God is that…
ST.Anselm
- An Italian monk who lived from 1033 - 1109... - Interested in…
Quote
(God is) 'That than which no greater can be conceived'
14 terms
The ontological arguement
Analytic
Contingent
Incoherent
Necessary
A statement incoherent to doubt
Something dependent on something else for existence
An argument which fails because it is illogical
Something that has to be that way and cannot be different
Analytic
A statement incoherent to doubt
Contingent
Something dependent on something else for existence
11 terms
The Ontological Argument
Basic outline of the ontological argum…
Who created the ontological argument?
What form does the argument take?
How did Anselm describe God? (Key Quote)
- A priori argument (something we can know prior to existence…
- St Anselm (1033 - 1109)... - Italian Monk... - Known as the fat…
- Reductio ad absurdum ... - This means a hypothesis is taken a…
KEY QUOTE... 'That than which no greater can be conceived'
Basic outline of the ontological argum…
- A priori argument (something we can know prior to existence…
Who created the ontological argument?
- St Anselm (1033 - 1109)... - Italian Monk... - Known as the fat…
10 terms
the ontological arguement
Who was anselm ?
What does he use in his argument to ju…
what type of argument is the ontologic…
what is a priori argument ?
became archbishop of Canterbury in 1093, and never doubted th…
reason
a priori
one that evidence comes from knowledge and reason not senses
Who was anselm ?
became archbishop of Canterbury in 1093, and never doubted th…
What does he use in his argument to ju…
reason
13 terms
Ontological key terms
Analytic
Synthetic
In intellectu
De dicto
A proposition that is incoherent to doubt
A statement who's validity depends on evidence.
In the mind
From speech
Analytic
A proposition that is incoherent to doubt
Synthetic
A statement who's validity depends on evidence.
20 terms
Anselm's Ontological Argument
Anselm's definition of God
Psalm 14:1
Anselm's first conclusion
Anselm's second conclusion
"that than which nothing greater can be conceived"
'The fool says in his heart, "There is no God".'
if God is TTWNGCBC God must exist both in reality and in the…
God has necessary existence.
Anselm's definition of God
"that than which nothing greater can be conceived"
Psalm 14:1
'The fool says in his heart, "There is no God".'
9 terms
Ontological argument
Anselm
Gaunilo
Decartes
Platinga
God is something of which no greater cam be conceived, such a…
Uses reduction ad absurdum to critique anselm (perfect islamd…
It is evident that existence can no more be seperate from the…
There is a possible world in which there exists a being which…
Anselm
God is something of which no greater cam be conceived, such a…
Gaunilo
Uses reduction ad absurdum to critique anselm (perfect islamd…
9 terms
Ontological Argument
Main purpose
Key features
Aristotle
Predicate
Prove God's existence
A priori... Deductive reasoning... Learn nothing new from conclusio…
Principle of non contradiction ... You cannot have a contradicto…
Properties being claimed that a subject possesses
Main purpose
Prove God's existence
Key features
A priori... Deductive reasoning... Learn nothing new from conclusio…
15 terms
Ontological arguments
Starting sentence
Arguments
Criticisms
Anselm's argument
any 'ontological' argument seeks to prove God's existence fro…
Anselm, Descartes, Malcolm, Leibniz, Plantinga
Gaunilo, Hume, Kant
1. we have an idea of God... 2. our idea of God is of something…
Starting sentence
any 'ontological' argument seeks to prove God's existence fro…
Arguments
Anselm, Descartes, Malcolm, Leibniz, Plantinga
14 terms
ontological argument
the argument
Gaunilos response to anselms argument
Anselms response to Gaunilo
plantingas response
-Anselm of Canterbury... -starting point "fools say in their hea…
-necessary existence is "unintelligible"... -you cannot define t…
Gaunilo's argument is different , because the island, while b…
god is maximally great in anselms thought. therefore, the gre…
the argument
-Anselm of Canterbury... -starting point "fools say in their hea…
Gaunilos response to anselms argument
-necessary existence is "unintelligible"... -you cannot define t…
10 terms
Ontological argument
Ontos
A priori argument
Step 1
Step 2
Being
Gained knowledge from reason
God is a being that than nothing greater can be conceived - e…
Something that exists in reality is better than something tha…
Ontos
Being
A priori argument
Gained knowledge from reason
10 terms
Ontological Proof
Personhood, omniscient, omnibenevolent…
Suppose; God exists merely in the unde…
Gods existence in reality is greater t…
If we can conceive of God existing in…
Gods 10 Attributes
Ontological Proof 1
OP 2
OP 3
Personhood, omniscient, omnibenevolent…
Gods 10 Attributes
Suppose; God exists merely in the unde…
Ontological Proof 1
11 terms
Ontological argument
Intro
Anselm's first argument
Anselm's second argument
Synthetic preposition
The ontological argument deals with the essence of what makes…
Anselm's most important written work was the Proslogian.... He w…
God is STWNGCBC... Beings with necessary existence (eternal, don…
Adds something to our understanding, beyond definition. Needs…
Intro
The ontological argument deals with the essence of what makes…
Anselm's first argument
Anselm's most important written work was the Proslogian.... He w…
15 terms
Ontological Argument
A priori
Deductive
Analytic
Anselm
Knowledge gained through reason, based on logic
Faith seeking understanding, starts with an idea and tries to…
statement is logically true by definition
11th C archbishop of Canterbury... Is david saying its irrationa…
A priori
Knowledge gained through reason, based on logic
Deductive
Faith seeking understanding, starts with an idea and tries to…
9 terms
Ontological argument
Deductive
Analytic statements
A priori
Reductio ad absurdum
Conclusion comes logically from the premises. To accept the p…
A proposition or statement that there is no doubt is true
Knowledge gained by reasoning
A thesis that must be accepted because its rejection would be…
Deductive
Conclusion comes logically from the premises. To accept the p…
Analytic statements
A proposition or statement that there is no doubt is true
21 terms
Ontological Argument
ontos
What does the Ontological Argument try…
Created by...
Written as a prayer in...
being
God's existence from priori knowledge. This argument states t…
St. Anselm
Proslogion
ontos
being
What does the Ontological Argument try…
God's existence from priori knowledge. This argument states t…
12 terms
Ontological critics
Gaunilo
Aquinas
Aquinas quote
Kant
Perfect Island... Argument is faulty
You can think something into existence ... Human definition woul…
'god is a rational duiety'
Rejects idea of God... Believes that rejecting things cannot be…
Gaunilo
Perfect Island... Argument is faulty
Aquinas
You can think something into existence ... Human definition woul…
12 terms
Ontological Argument
Anselm
First form
Second form
Gaunilo
God exists is analytical and based of priori
That than which nothing greater can be conceived... Real greater…
Necessary being is greater than contingent... Impossible to conc…
Substitute perfect being for perfect island seems absurd... Only…
Anselm
God exists is analytical and based of priori
First form
That than which nothing greater can be conceived... Real greater…
6 terms
Criticisms of the ontological argument
Hume
Frege
Kant
Hartshorne
empiricist - humans base their lives around what they can obs…
1st order predicates - tell us the nature of something e.g. t…
Anselm - existence is not a real predicate - the only way to…
Responds to the idea that existence is not a real predicate b…
Hume
empiricist - humans base their lives around what they can obs…
Frege
1st order predicates - tell us the nature of something e.g. t…
11 terms
Ontological Argument
scholars for it
Scholars against it
what the argument tells about the natu…
St Anselm (Catholic)
St Anselm (Catholic), Rene Descartes,Norman Malcolm,Alvin Pla…
St Thomas Aquinas, Immanuel Kant (Christian), David Hume (ath…
It shows that God exists. Perfection is also part of the defi…
God is (by definition) "that than which nothing greater can b…
scholars for it
St Anselm (Catholic), Rene Descartes,Norman Malcolm,Alvin Pla…
Scholars against it
St Thomas Aquinas, Immanuel Kant (Christian), David Hume (ath…
9 terms
Ontological Argument
Two features of Anselm's argument
Ontological Argument:... 1.) __ is the gr…
Reductio Argument:... 1.) ... 2.)... 3.)... 4.)... 5.)
Criticisms
a priori, appeals to reductio AD Absurdum
God, being, conceived, God, understanding, reality, reality,…
Not-P, Q, Not-Q, Q and not Q, therefore P
unconvincing, the definition: God is the greatest conceivable…
Two features of Anselm's argument
a priori, appeals to reductio AD Absurdum
Ontological Argument:... 1.) __ is the gr…
God, being, conceived, God, understanding, reality, reality,…
11 terms
Philosophy Ontological
Anselm's definition of God
Descartes' definition of God
Leibniz's definition of God
Outline Anselm's argument for God
A being greater than which cannot be conceived.
A supremely perfect being.
A being that is simple, positive, absolute and limitless
P1. God is a being greater than which cannot be conceived... P2.…
Anselm's definition of God
A being greater than which cannot be conceived.
Descartes' definition of God
A supremely perfect being.
8 terms
ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT
A priori
God exists
"the greatest being imaginable"
Idea of the mind
An argument based on an idea or concept rather than empirical…
Is treated as a analytic statement as philosophers believe on…
Anselm's definition of God used to prove gods existence.
As people understand the meaning of the word God he must exis…
A priori
An argument based on an idea or concept rather than empirical…
God exists
Is treated as a analytic statement as philosophers believe on…
9 terms
Ontological Argument
Anselm's first argument V1
Anselm's first argument V2
Gaunilo's Island objection
Anselm's response to Gaunilo
1) God is by definition that of which nothing greater can be…
1) God is the TTOWNGCBCO ... 2) God cannot be contingent because…
Anselm's argument is illogical. Flaws would become obvious if…
Was impressed by the comparison and points raised but althoug…
Anselm's first argument V1
1) God is by definition that of which nothing greater can be…
Anselm's first argument V2
1) God is the TTOWNGCBCO ... 2) God cannot be contingent because…
15 terms
Ontological arguments
Ontology
Necessary
Contingent
Predicate
The philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming exis…
There is never a time where it ceases/ didn't exist. It has t…
Dependent on something else to exist. It doesn't have to exis…
Something that adds to our idea of what the subject is like
Ontology
The philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming exis…
Necessary
There is never a time where it ceases/ didn't exist. It has t…
13 terms
Ontological Arguments
Analytic
a priori
Deductive
Definition
A proposition that is true by meaning of the words alone (tru…
Knowledge before experience (that does not require sense data)
An argument whose premises are logically entailed by it's pre…
An explanation of the meaning of the world
Analytic
A proposition that is true by meaning of the words alone (tru…
a priori
Knowledge before experience (that does not require sense data)
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