Study sets matching "ontological"

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Study sets matching "ontological"

Ontological
Davis
Caterus
Kant
Gualino
Uses presupposition, uses idea as reality
Doesnt correspond to anything in reality
Existance is not a predicate
Perfect island
Davis
Uses presupposition, uses idea as reality
Caterus
Doesnt correspond to anything in reality
Ontological
Anselm
Descartes
Hume
Liebnez
Reductio ad absurdum, ... In re & in intelluctu, necessary exist…
Rationality and cognito ergo sum
False assumptions about existence, cant define things into ex…
Impossible to think of God as lacking perfections, therefore…
Anselm
Reductio ad absurdum, ... In re & in intelluctu, necessary exist…
Descartes
Rationality and cognito ergo sum
68 terms
ONTOLOGICAL
CREATED IN
WRITTEN IN
IT ATTEMPTS TO
A PRIORI
1078
THE PROSLOGIAN
PROVE GOD'S EXISTENCE FROM THE MEANING OF GOD
IT MOVES BY LOGICAL STAGES TO A CONCLUSION THAT IS SELF-EVIDE…
CREATED IN
1078
WRITTEN IN
THE PROSLOGIAN
15 terms
Ontological
Type of argument
Ontology
Anselm's OA aim 1
Anselm's OA 1
A priori - based on logic... God HAS to exist.... Study definition…
Study of nature, characteristics and definition of something…
Demonstrate God existence to the fool (atheist)
God: that which nothing greater can be conceived.... REDUCTIO AD…
Type of argument
A priori - based on logic... God HAS to exist.... Study definition…
Ontology
Study of nature, characteristics and definition of something…
ONTOLOGICAL
Intro
Anselm
Anselm's definition
Descartes
A priori, Deductive and analytical.
Logical necessity.
"that thus nothing greater can be thought".
Immutable essence and Trademark Arg.
Intro
A priori, Deductive and analytical.
Anselm
Logical necessity.
ontological
ontological arguements
kp Anselm
kp Des
kp Malcolm
claim we can deduce the existence of god from the concept of…
if only in our minds
involves idea of...therefore we are oblidged
either g exists or not...given g is 2 exists means to have ne…
ontological arguements
claim we can deduce the existence of god from the concept of…
kp Anselm
if only in our minds
ONTOLOGICAL
Deductive definition
fallacy definition
analytic definition
a priori definition
conclusion is logically certain if premises are true
failure in reasoning
draws a conclusion from definitions of premises (2+2)
conclusions reasoned independently from experience
Deductive definition
conclusion is logically certain if premises are true
fallacy definition
failure in reasoning
Ontological
Anselm
Anselm II
Gaunilo
Descartes
D C R E G
D N C G N E
I C R E I
S C+D G=CD P E
Anselm
D C R E G
Anselm II
D N C G N E
18 terms
Ontological
What is it?
a priori
deductive
analytic
Existence of God based on logic
purely logical
conclusion follows necessarily from the premise
a definitional statement therefore it is true
What is it?
Existence of God based on logic
a priori
purely logical
Ontologi
Dualism
Monism
Berkeley
Immanuel Kant
Det finns två substanser
Världen består av enbart en substans
Subjektiv idealism
Kritisk idealism
Dualism
Det finns två substanser
Monism
Världen består av enbart en substans
31 terms
Ontology
Quine
Naturalism
Epistemology
Carnap
A naturalist. He holds that all of our attempts at knowledge…
In philosophy, naturalism is the "idea or belief that only na…
Epistemology is the investigation of what distinguishes justi…
Logical Empiricist. Carnap holds that the role of philosophy…
Quine
A naturalist. He holds that all of our attempts at knowledge…
Naturalism
In philosophy, naturalism is the "idea or belief that only na…
Ontology
Plastic Art
Psychoanalysis
Labyrinthine
Anthropocentric
Art form that is malleable and preserves history and memory.
Study of someones brain
Irregular and twisting, intricate and confusing
Regarding humankind as the central or most important element…
Plastic Art
Art form that is malleable and preserves history and memory.
Psychoanalysis
Study of someones brain
24 terms
Ontology
ontology
OWL
domain
individual
Basically a defined vocabulary for describing a particular fi…
A standard ontological language created by the World Wide Web…
The field or set of individuals, concepts, or things that we…
Specific objects in our domain of interest. For two to be equ…
ontology
Basically a defined vocabulary for describing a particular fi…
OWL
A standard ontological language created by the World Wide Web…
Ontologies
Materialism
Idealism
Objectivism
Subjectivism
reality is composed only of physical matter and that everythi…
The philosophical tenet that maintains that what is real is i…
The philosophical doctrine that reality is objective and exte…
philosophical doctrine which holds that reality and our knowl…
Materialism
reality is composed only of physical matter and that everythi…
Idealism
The philosophical tenet that maintains that what is real is i…
32 terms
Ontology
Plentitude
Revelation
Revealed theology
Chain of being
Plenty of stuff
God told me so
Theology based on special revelation
Every existing thing has its place in a divinely hierarchical…
Plentitude
Plenty of stuff
Revelation
God told me so
Ontology
Analytic
A priori
Contingent
Deductive
Statements of reason- logic within itself
Argument based on reason
Relies on something else to exist
Deducing from the statement that the conclusion is true
Analytic
Statements of reason- logic within itself
A priori
Argument based on reason
42 terms
Ontology
What world view did philosophy/science…
The limits of my language are the limi…
Philosophy begins in ______
The first philosopher
Mythos
World
Wonder
Thales
What world view did philosophy/science…
Mythos
The limits of my language are the limi…
World
17 terms
Ontological Terminology
Oncology
Carcinogens
Adenomas
Carcinoma
Is the study of tumors
Anything we know that causes cancer (Radiation, sun, viruses…
Tumors of the glands
Solid tumors, what are generally malignant
Oncology
Is the study of tumors
Carcinogens
Anything we know that causes cancer (Radiation, sun, viruses…
14 terms
The ontological arguement
Analytic
Contingent
Incoherent
Necessary
A statement incoherent to doubt
Something dependent on something else for existence
An argument which fails because it is illogical
Something that has to be that way and cannot be different
Analytic
A statement incoherent to doubt
Contingent
Something dependent on something else for existence
8 terms
The Ontological argument
Ontological argument is...
Anselm's Ontological argument
Contingent being
Gaunilo's challenge
An a priori argument (Made by reasoning not experience)
- There is nothing greater than God and God is ultimately per…
Depends on something else for existence and is not necessary
Used an example of an island - just because he can imagine no…
Ontological argument is...
An a priori argument (Made by reasoning not experience)
Anselm's Ontological argument
- There is nothing greater than God and God is ultimately per…
13 terms
ontological argument
existence of reality does belong to th…
objection 1)we separate existence from…
objection 2) we cannot think of god ex…
objection 3) we need not assume that G…
god, hence, god exists
reply: a perfect being doesn't lack perfection, existence
reply: necessity of God's existence that imposes necessity on…
reply: it is impossible in conceiving a supreme being to avoi…
existence of reality does belong to th…
god, hence, god exists
objection 1)we separate existence from…
reply: a perfect being doesn't lack perfection, existence
10 terms
Ontological Argument
a deductive argument
a priori
predicate
necessary being
an argument in which, if the premises are true, then the conc…
prior to experience.
something that adds to our concept of the subject
a being whose non-existence is logically impossible. This is…
a deductive argument
an argument in which, if the premises are true, then the conc…
a priori
prior to experience.
Philosophy: ontological
Schopenhauer
Malcolm
Gaunilo
Descrtes
Who argues that ontological arguments are a 'sleight of hand…
Whose argument begins: either God does exist or doesn't exist
Who argued 'on behalf of the fool' that's God is not proven b…
Who argued that God is a supremely perfect being?
Schopenhauer
Who argues that ontological arguments are a 'sleight of hand…
Malcolm
Whose argument begins: either God does exist or doesn't exist
45 terms
Ontological Emergencies
What is Extravasation?
What causes extravastation?
List some Vesicant antineoplastic agen…
How can you reduce the chance of extra…
Escape of caustic fluid from a leaky blood vessel resulting i…
Vesticant antineoplastic agents
Adriamycin... Vinca alkaloids... Nitrogen mustard
Advocate for Central lines
What is Extravasation?
Escape of caustic fluid from a leaky blood vessel resulting i…
What causes extravastation?
Vesticant antineoplastic agents
Ontological Emergencies
What is Extravasation?
What causes extravastation?
List some Vesicant antineoplastic agen…
How can you reduce the chance of extra…
Escape of caustic fluid from a leaky blood vessel resulting i…
Vesticant antineoplastic agents
Adriamycin... Vinca alkaloids... Nitrogen mustard
Advocate for Central lines
What is Extravasation?
Escape of caustic fluid from a leaky blood vessel resulting i…
What causes extravastation?
Vesticant antineoplastic agents
The Ontological Argument
'Ontological' means
saint and Archbishop who formulated an…
Anselm's Ontological Argument- a prior…
First premise:
concerned with existence
Anselm
'a priori'
God is the greatest conceivable being.
'Ontological' means
concerned with existence
saint and Archbishop who formulated an…
Anselm
9 terms
Ontological arguement
Anselm
Descartes
Leibniz
Malcolm
God is greater than which nothing can be conceived. We can be…
I have the idea of God, the idea of God is the idea of a supr…
He claimed that a better understanding of what a perfection i…
Either God exists or God doesn't exist, if God exists, god ca…
Anselm
God is greater than which nothing can be conceived. We can be…
Descartes
I have the idea of God, the idea of God is the idea of a supr…
Philosophy Ontological
Anselm's definition of God
Descartes' definition of God
Leibniz's definition of God
Outline Anselm's argument for God
A being greater than which cannot be conceived.
A supremely perfect being.
A being that is simple, positive, absolute and limitless
P1. God is a being greater than which cannot be conceived... P2.…
Anselm's definition of God
A being greater than which cannot be conceived.
Descartes' definition of God
A supremely perfect being.
31 terms
Ontological Arguments
What is the name of the book that Anse…
Bible Psalm that was used by Anselm
Ontos
logos
Proslogion
Fools say in their hearts there is no God
being
study of
What is the name of the book that Anse…
Proslogion
Bible Psalm that was used by Anselm
Fools say in their hearts there is no God
Ontological Argument
'Traditional' Definition of God
A posteriori
A priori
3 major traditional arguments for the…
all powerful (omnipotent), all knowing (omniscient), and all…
Propositions can only be known to be true on the basis of exp…
Propositions can be known independently of experience
Ontological-Deductive Priori premises, Cosmological-Deductive…
'Traditional' Definition of God
all powerful (omnipotent), all knowing (omniscient), and all…
A posteriori
Propositions can only be known to be true on the basis of exp…
Ontological Argument
Ontological argument
a priori
Conclusion
deductive
attempts to prove the existence of God
an argument that doesn't rely on the evidence of the senses,…
that is self-evidently true or logically necessary
that the argument contains the conclusion it reaches
Ontological argument
attempts to prove the existence of God
a priori
an argument that doesn't rely on the evidence of the senses,…
ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT
The ontological argument
Analytic statement
Synthetic statement
Anselm's first formulation
the argument that God must exist
statement which is ridiculous and/or impossible to think of a…
statement in which the statements truth or falsity depends on…
P1: God is a being than which nothing greater can be thought…
The ontological argument
the argument that God must exist
Analytic statement
statement which is ridiculous and/or impossible to think of a…
11 terms
Ontological Argument
It tries to prove the existence of God…
The Archbishop of Canterbury.
In a prayer called Proslogian.
God is defined as that which nothing g…
What does the ontological argument try to prove?
Who was Anselm?
How did he present his argument?
What is Anselms 1st ontological argument?
It tries to prove the existence of God…
What does the ontological argument try to prove?
The Archbishop of Canterbury.
Who was Anselm?
ontological categories
concrete objects
entities or beings
events
objects
things that exist in space and time dog
anything that exists
particular Occurances a phenomena e.g party
a particular person
concrete objects
things that exist in space and time dog
entities or beings
anything that exists
Ontological argument
The Ontological argument
Priori argument
a posteriori
Gaunilo's criticism
p1) God is the GPB ... p2) The GPA has all great making properti…
known through the mind and understanding alone, w/o sensation…
known through sensations and observations
P1) Lost Island=GPI... P2) GPI has all great making properties... p…
The Ontological argument
p1) God is the GPB ... p2) The GPA has all great making properti…
Priori argument
known through the mind and understanding alone, w/o sensation…
Ontological Argument
Anselm's Ontological Argument
Gaunilo's Criticism
Anselm's Second Argument
Descartes support of the Ontological A…
1) God is a being which nothing greater can be conceived. ... 2…
Gaunilo was a believer but thought Anselm's way of convincing…
Anselm replied to Gaunilo by saying that you can't compare Go…
Descartes didn't outright respond to Anselm's but he had his…
Anselm's Ontological Argument
1) God is a being which nothing greater can be conceived. ... 2…
Gaunilo's Criticism
Gaunilo was a believer but thought Anselm's way of convincing…
RE - Ontological
A priori
Analytic
Predicate
Reductio ad absurdum
Based upon definition and deductive resoning
Based upon the logical definition of god. Argument is logical…
A quality that something possesses
It is absurd not to believe in god
A priori
Based upon definition and deductive resoning
Analytic
Based upon the logical definition of god. Argument is logical…
16 terms
Ontological Argument
Ontological argument
FOR&AGAINST SUM
Ontology
Epistemology
An a priori, deductive argument, for God become self evident/…
For= Anselm, Descartes, Malcolm (support from Plantinga).... Aga…
The study of being.
The study of knowledge
Ontological argument
An a priori, deductive argument, for God become self evident/…
FOR&AGAINST SUM
For= Anselm, Descartes, Malcolm (support from Plantinga).... Aga…
13 terms
Ontological Argument
God exists in the understanding but no…
Existence in reality is greater than e…
God's existence in reality is conceiva…
If God did exist in reality, then He w…
Plantinga Anslem 1
Plantinga Anslem 2
Plantinga Anslem 3
Plantinga Anslem 4
God exists in the understanding but no…
Plantinga Anslem 1
Existence in reality is greater than e…
Plantinga Anslem 2
Ontological Proof
Personhood, omniscient, omnibenevolent…
Suppose; God exists merely in the unde…
Gods existence in reality is greater t…
If we can conceive of God existing in…
Gods 10 Attributes
Ontological Proof 1
OP 2
OP 3
Personhood, omniscient, omnibenevolent…
Gods 10 Attributes
Suppose; God exists merely in the unde…
Ontological Proof 1
11 terms
Ontological argument
Intro
Anselm's first argument
Anselm's second argument
Synthetic preposition
The ontological argument deals with the essence of what makes…
Anselm's most important written work was the Proslogian.... He w…
God is STWNGCBC... Beings with necessary existence (eternal, don…
Adds something to our understanding, beyond definition. Needs…
Intro
The ontological argument deals with the essence of what makes…
Anselm's first argument
Anselm's most important written work was the Proslogian.... He w…
Ontological Argument
ontology
a priori proposition
a posteriori proposition
Anselm's definition of God
studies the nature of God's being
does not rely on experience;... -universally true -necessarily t…
-rely on experience -not universally true ... -can be denied w/o…
"God is the greatest conceivable being"
ontology
studies the nature of God's being
a priori proposition
does not rely on experience;... -universally true -necessarily t…
6 terms
Ontological philosophers
Anselm (1033-1109)
Kant (1724-1804)
Descartes (1596-1650)
Gaunilo
The first major thinker of the middle ages. His first premise…
Undermines the ontological argument. 'Existence is not a prop…
Believed people are born with innate ideas. Including the und…
He objected to Anselms idea that God exists by definition. He…
Anselm (1033-1109)
The first major thinker of the middle ages. His first premise…
Kant (1724-1804)
Undermines the ontological argument. 'Existence is not a prop…
9 terms
Ontological argument
Deductive
Analytic statements
A priori
Reductio ad absurdum
Conclusion comes logically from the premises. To accept the p…
A proposition or statement that there is no doubt is true
Knowledge gained by reasoning
A thesis that must be accepted because its rejection would be…
Deductive
Conclusion comes logically from the premises. To accept the p…
Analytic statements
A proposition or statement that there is no doubt is true
21 terms
Ontological Argument
ontos
What does the Ontological Argument try…
Created by...
Written as a prayer in...
being
God's existence from priori knowledge. This argument states t…
St. Anselm
Proslogion
ontos
being
What does the Ontological Argument try…
God's existence from priori knowledge. This argument states t…
11 terms
Ontological Arguments
Plantinga- Uses modal logic
Criticisms of Plantinga
Malcom's Ontological argument
Criticisms of Malcolm
(1)There is a possible world in which maximal greatness exist…
1) Relies on modal logic- not overall agreed on anyway ... 2) Pl…
(1) If God does not exist today, then he never can and never…
Things can not exist without their existence being impossible…
Plantinga- Uses modal logic
(1)There is a possible world in which maximal greatness exist…
Criticisms of Plantinga
1) Relies on modal logic- not overall agreed on anyway ... 2) Pl…
Ontological Argument
a priori
Main Point
God
God possesses necessary existence (by…
...
reaches conclusions about God based upon the definitions of G…
that which nothing greater can be conceived
1- God is that which nothing greater can be thought... 2- The co…
a priori
...
Main Point
reaches conclusions about God based upon the definitions of G…
Ontological Argument
Ontology
theism
atheism
agnonsticism
metaphysics dealing with nature of being
belief in existence of god or gods
no god or gods
could possibly be/not be god or gods
Ontology
metaphysics dealing with nature of being
theism
belief in existence of god or gods
Ontological Argument
Anselm
A PRIORI
A POSTERIORI
Form
Claims to be an a priori proof of God's existence.... Real Quick…
"from the earlier"... Justification independent of experience…
"from the latter"... Justification dependent on experience or e…
Reductio Ad Absurdum:... arguing that a thesis must be accepted…
Anselm
Claims to be an a priori proof of God's existence.... Real Quick…
A PRIORI
"from the earlier"... Justification independent of experience…
9 terms
Ontological arguments
Anselm
Descartes
Leibniz
Malcolm
Understanding and reality
Supremely perfect being- existance
(Descartes) simple positive attributes are coherent
Unlimited (necessary or impossible)
Anselm
Understanding and reality
Descartes
Supremely perfect being- existance
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