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Study sets matching "operant conditioning"

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Study sets matching "operant conditioning"

9 terms
Operant Conditioning
operant conditioning
law of effect
operant chamber
shaping
A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
A principle developed by Edward Thorndike that says that any…
A chamber also known as a Skinner box, containing a bar or ke…
An operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide…
operant conditioning
A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
law of effect
A principle developed by Edward Thorndike that says that any…
69 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant conditioning
Operant
Three-phase model of operant condition…
Discriminative stimulus (SD)
type of learning for which the consequences of an action dete…
response (or set of responses) that acts on the environment t…
description and explanation of operant conditioning as having…
object or event that precedes a particular response, signals…
Operant conditioning
type of learning for which the consequences of an action dete…
Operant
response (or set of responses) that acts on the environment t…
8 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
reinforcement
primary reinforcers
secondary reinforcers
people and animals learn from the consequences of their actions
is the process by which a stimulus increases the chances that…
food, water, warmth, and shelter. People and animals do not n…
Money, approval and attention are examples, the value of thes…
Operant Conditioning
people and animals learn from the consequences of their actions
reinforcement
is the process by which a stimulus increases the chances that…
24 terms
Operant Conditioning
Associative Learning
Operant Conditioning
Respondent Behavior
Operant Behavior
learning that certain events (a response and its consequences…
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulu…
behavior that operates on the environment, producing conseque…
Associative Learning
learning that certain events (a response and its consequences…
Operant Conditioning
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
28 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Positive Reinforcers
Negative Reinforcers
Trial and error
A type of learning that occurs through rewards and punishment…
Adding a reward
increase the frequency of a behavior by removing something un…
testing different methods is order to find which is the most…
Operant Conditioning
A type of learning that occurs through rewards and punishment…
Positive Reinforcers
Adding a reward
44 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant conditioning
Operants
Types of responses
Types of consequences
Learning of the association between responses (behaviour) and…
are behaviours that are emitted rather than elicited by the e…
-Inate (walking, grooming, eating etc)... -New (Pressing lever)…
-"Good" (giving food, introduce social companion)... - "Bad" (pr…
Operant conditioning
Learning of the association between responses (behaviour) and…
Operants
are behaviours that are emitted rather than elicited by the e…
31 terms
Operant Conditioning
B.F. Skinner
operant conditioning
law of effect
reinforcement or reinforcer
This person named Instrumental Conditioning "Operant Conditio…
The learning theory we associate with B. F. Skinner which out…
Thorndike's term for his discovery that consequences shape be…
anything that increases the likelihood of the response (opera…
B.F. Skinner
This person named Instrumental Conditioning "Operant Conditio…
operant conditioning
The learning theory we associate with B. F. Skinner which out…
69 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant conditioning
Operant
Three-phase model of operant condition…
Discriminative stimulus (SD)
type of learning for which the consequences of an action dete…
response (or set of responses) that acts on the environment t…
description and explanation of operant conditioning as having…
object or event that precedes a particular response, signals…
Operant conditioning
type of learning for which the consequences of an action dete…
Operant
response (or set of responses) that acts on the environment t…
35 terms
Operant Conditioning
What is Operant Conditioning?
Thornedike's Law of Effect
The Operant
The Three Phase Model
-A type of learning where behaviour is controlled by conseque…
-A behaviour is more likely to be repeated if it is followed…
A response or behaviour that generates consequences
-A: Antecedant/S: Stimulus... -B: Behaviour/R: Operant Response…
What is Operant Conditioning?
-A type of learning where behaviour is controlled by conseque…
Thornedike's Law of Effect
-A behaviour is more likely to be repeated if it is followed…
31 terms
Operant Conditioning
B.F. Skinner
operant conditioning
law of effect
reinforcement or reinforcer
This person named Instrumental Conditioning "Operant Conditio…
The learning theory we associate with B. F. Skinner which out…
Thorndike's term for his discovery that consequences shape be…
anything that increases the likelihood of the response (opera…
B.F. Skinner
This person named Instrumental Conditioning "Operant Conditio…
operant conditioning
The learning theory we associate with B. F. Skinner which out…
50 terms
Operant Conditioning
Behavior analysis
Behavioral strategy
Behaviorism
Principle of public events
the scientific study of how environmental events change behav…
the strategy of defining human problems as behavioral problems
an early philosophy of behavior that denied the existence of…
seeking the cause of behavior in environmental events
Behavior analysis
the scientific study of how environmental events change behav…
Behavioral strategy
the strategy of defining human problems as behavioral problems
24 terms
Operant Conditioning
Associative Learning
Operant Conditioning
Respondent Behavior
Operant Behavior
learning that certain events (a response and its consequences…
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulu…
behavior that operates on the environment, producing conseque…
Associative Learning
learning that certain events (a response and its consequences…
Operant Conditioning
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
11 terms
Operant Conditioning
reinforce
consequence
observation
terminology
to make a feeling, an idea, etc. stronger
a result of something that has happened
the act of watching someone or something carefully for a peri…
the set of technical words or expressions used in a particula…
reinforce
to make a feeling, an idea, etc. stronger
consequence
a result of something that has happened
24 terms
Operant Conditioning
operant behaviors are....
In operant conditioning, ... behavior is…
Consequence
Operant behavior is the function, NOT…
non-reflexive behaviors... voluntary, willful, purposive
consequence
stimulus change immediately following a response.
topography
operant behaviors are....
non-reflexive behaviors... voluntary, willful, purposive
In operant conditioning, ... behavior is…
consequence
11 terms
Operant Conditioning
law of effect
Skinner box
positive reinforcement
negative reinforcement
Edward Thorndike put forward a "Law of effect" which stated t…
Also known as an operant conditioning chamber, is an enclosed…
works by presenting a motivating item to the person after the…
a response or behavior is strengthened by stopping, removing…
law of effect
Edward Thorndike put forward a "Law of effect" which stated t…
Skinner box
Also known as an operant conditioning chamber, is an enclosed…
22 terms
Module 27 Operant Conditioning
operant conditioning
law of effect
Thorndike
B.F. Skinner
type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followe…
Thorndike's principal that behaviors followed by favorable co…
behaviorist that developed the law of effect
most influential behaviorist, creator of operant chamber
operant conditioning
type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followe…
law of effect
Thorndike's principal that behaviors followed by favorable co…
25 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Respondent Behavior
Operant Behavior
Law of Effect
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
behavior that operates on the environment, producing conseque…
Edward L. Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by fa…
Operant Conditioning
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
Respondent Behavior
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
21 terms
Operant Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Law of Effect
Operant Chamber/Skinner box
Association between stimuli (CS and US); involves respondent…
Association between behaviors and resulting events (i.e., con…
by Thorndike; rewarded behavior is likely to occur again
Box with a mouse in it. Press a bar to get food/water.
Classical Conditioning
Association between stimuli (CS and US); involves respondent…
Operant Conditioning
Association between behaviors and resulting events (i.e., con…
23 terms
Operant conditioning
effective punishment
extinction
fixed interval schedule
fixed ratio schedule
punishment administered in such a way as to reduce the likeli…
when a response no longer occurs. The response... will be exting…
a schedule of partial reinforcement in which reinforcement oc…
a schedule of partial reinforcement in which reinforcement oc…
effective punishment
punishment administered in such a way as to reduce the likeli…
extinction
when a response no longer occurs. The response... will be exting…
34 terms
Operant Conditioning
Thorndike
Skinner
law of effect
operant conditioning (instrumental lea…
(studied cats and puzzle boxes: one way to get out is pushing…
father of operant psychology... - Reinforcement. Behavior whi…
Organisms reward tend to repeat action, Organism punished ten…
the theory that people learn to perform behaviors that lead t…
Thorndike
(studied cats and puzzle boxes: one way to get out is pushing…
Skinner
father of operant psychology... - Reinforcement. Behavior whi…
Operant Conditioning
Behavioral Variability
Contingency of reinforcement
Continuous Reinforcement schedule
Cumulative record/recorder
The tendency of an animal to emit variations in response form…
Definition of relationship between the occasion, the operant…
When each response produces reinforcement (e.g. each lever pr…
Real time graphical representation of operant rate. Each resp…
Behavioral Variability
The tendency of an animal to emit variations in response form…
Contingency of reinforcement
Definition of relationship between the occasion, the operant…
69 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant conditioning
Operant
Three-phase model of operant condition…
Discriminative stimulus (SD)
type of learning for which the consequences of an action dete…
response (or set of responses) that acts on the environment t…
description and explanation of operant conditioning as having…
object or event that precedes a particular response, signals…
Operant conditioning
type of learning for which the consequences of an action dete…
Operant
response (or set of responses) that acts on the environment t…
24 terms
Operant Conditioning
Law of effect
Reward
Punishment
Reinforce
Thorndike's view that pleasant events stamp in responses, and…
A pleasant stimulus that increases the frequency of the behav…
An unpleasant stimulus that suppresses the behavior it follows.
To follow a response with a stimulus that increases the frequ…
Law of effect
Thorndike's view that pleasant events stamp in responses, and…
Reward
A pleasant stimulus that increases the frequency of the behav…
16 terms
Operant Conditioning
Edward Thorndike
law of effect
B.F. Skinner
Skinner box
developed the law of effect
says that responses with satisfying outcomes are more likely…
father of operant conditioning, developed the Skinner box
device that has a bar/lever/key that an animal presses or pec…
Edward Thorndike
developed the law of effect
law of effect
says that responses with satisfying outcomes are more likely…
13 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Law of Effect
Operant Chamber
Reinforcement
A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
Thorndike's principle - behaviors followed by favorable conse…
Also known as a 'Skinner Box' contains a bar or key that the…
Any event that strengthens the likelihood the behavior it fol…
Operant Conditioning
A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
Law of Effect
Thorndike's principle - behaviors followed by favorable conse…
8 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
reinforcement
primary reinforcers
secondary reinforcers
people and animals learn from the consequences of their actions
is the process by which a stimulus increases the chances that…
food, water, warmth, and shelter. People and animals do not n…
Money, approval and attention are examples, the value of thes…
Operant Conditioning
people and animals learn from the consequences of their actions
reinforcement
is the process by which a stimulus increases the chances that…
24 terms
Operant Conditioning
Associative Learning
Operant Conditioning
Respondent Behavior
Operant Behavior
learning that certain events (a response and its consequences…
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulu…
behavior that operates on the environment, producing conseque…
Associative Learning
learning that certain events (a response and its consequences…
Operant Conditioning
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
28 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Positive Reinforcers
Negative Reinforcers
Trial and error
A type of learning that occurs through rewards and punishment…
Adding a reward
increase the frequency of a behavior by removing something un…
testing different methods is order to find which is the most…
Operant Conditioning
A type of learning that occurs through rewards and punishment…
Positive Reinforcers
Adding a reward
17 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Law of Effect
Operant Chamber
Learning
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable co…
a chamber also known as a Skinner Box, containing a bar or ke…
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Operant Conditioning
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
Law of Effect
Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable co…
8 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
B.F. Skinner
Reinforcement
Positive Reinforcement
Learning process in which behavior is controlled by consequen…
Developed Operant Conditioning
Responses from the environment that increase the probability…
Positive reinforcement strengthens a behavior by providing a…
Operant Conditioning
Learning process in which behavior is controlled by consequen…
B.F. Skinner
Developed Operant Conditioning
20 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Edward Thorndike and Law of Effect
B.F. Skinner and Operant Conditioning
Positive Reinforcement
Identifies factors responsible for the acquisition and mainte…
Positive consequences increase behavior; negative consequence…
Believed most complex behaviors are a result of the way the "…
Positive reinforcement is the application of a stimulus to in…
Operant Conditioning
Identifies factors responsible for the acquisition and mainte…
Edward Thorndike and Law of Effect
Positive consequences increase behavior; negative consequence…
26 terms
Operant conditioning
learning
associative learning
stimulus
operant conditioning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
any event or situation that evokes a response
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
learning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
24 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Law of Effect
Reinforcer
Primary Reinforcer
the learning of voluntary behavior through the effects of ple…
law stating that if an action is followed by a pleasurable co…
any event or object that, when following a response, increase…
any reinforcer that is naturally reinforcing by meeting a bas…
Operant Conditioning
the learning of voluntary behavior through the effects of ple…
Law of Effect
law stating that if an action is followed by a pleasurable co…
22 terms
Operant Conditioning
Generalized Conditioned Reinforcer
Antecedents
Setting Events
Priming
TYPE OF CONDITIONED REINFORCER that is paired with many diffe…
Affects operant conditioning...Sets occasion for response to…
things in the context that influence behavior and/or change t…
Prior experience affects sensitivity to later stimuli... Example…
Generalized Conditioned Reinforcer
TYPE OF CONDITIONED REINFORCER that is paired with many diffe…
Antecedents
Affects operant conditioning...Sets occasion for response to…
27 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Reinforcement
Punishment
Type of Reinforcer... 1. Primary
Describes proactive behavior and Law of Effect
Anything that INCREASES likelihood of behavior
Anything which DECREASES the likelihood of behavior
Stimulus has innate reward value
Operant Conditioning
Describes proactive behavior and Law of Effect
Reinforcement
Anything that INCREASES likelihood of behavior
10 terms
operant conditioning
reinforcement
punishment
shaping
positive
A consequence that increases the likelihood of a behavior.
An event that decreases the behavior that it follows.
An operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide…
Are the following conditions associated with a negative or po…
reinforcement
A consequence that increases the likelihood of a behavior.
punishment
An event that decreases the behavior that it follows.
20 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Law of Effect
Operant Chamber
Reinforcement
Type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followe…
Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable co…
(Skinner box) chamber containing a bar/key that an animal can…
In operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behav…
Operant Conditioning
Type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followe…
Law of Effect
Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable co…
47 terms
Operant Conditioning
Fixed Ratio Schedule
Random Ratio Schedule
Fixed Interval Schedule
Random Interval Schedule
Reinforces a response only after a specified number of respon…
Reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of respon…
Reinforces a response... only after a specified period of time h…
Reinforces a response at unpredictable time intervals (pop qu…
Fixed Ratio Schedule
Reinforces a response only after a specified number of respon…
Random Ratio Schedule
Reinforces a response after an unpredictable number of respon…
15 terms
Operant Conditioning
operant conditioning
law of effect
antecedents (triggers/cues) --> behavi…
punishment (decreasing behavior)... posit…
learning controlled by the consequences of the organisms beha…
if a response, in the presence of a stimulus, is followed by…
A-B-C of operant conditioning
punishment (_______):... positive?... negative?
operant conditioning
learning controlled by the consequences of the organisms beha…
law of effect
if a response, in the presence of a stimulus, is followed by…
19 terms
Operant Conditioning
BF Skinner
Operant Conditioning
Basic of Operant Conditioning
Reinforcement
considered free will an illusion and human action dependent o…
- A type of learning in which a voluntary response is strengt…
Reinforcement and Reinforcer
The process by which a stimulus that increase the probability…
BF Skinner
considered free will an illusion and human action dependent o…
Operant Conditioning
- A type of learning in which a voluntary response is strengt…
24 terms
Operant Conditioning
Fixed Duration Schedule
Variable Duration Schedule
Fixed Time Schedule
Variable Time Schedules
reinforcement is contingent of the continuous performance of…
required period of performance varies around some average. (U…
Reinforcer is delivered after a GIVEN period of TIME regardle…
Reinforcer is delivered at IRREGULAR intervals of TIME regard…
Fixed Duration Schedule
reinforcement is contingent of the continuous performance of…
Variable Duration Schedule
required period of performance varies around some average. (U…
15 terms
Operant Conditioning
reinforcement
punishment
positive punishment
positive reinforcement
increases the likelihood of desirable behaviors
decreases the frequency of undesirable behaviors
The addition of something unpleasant.
Presentation of a stimulus after a particular response in ord…
reinforcement
increases the likelihood of desirable behaviors
punishment
decreases the frequency of undesirable behaviors
34 terms
operant conditioning
operant conditioning
what researcher is operant conditionin…
reinforcement
punishment
based on consequences rather than associations
B.F. Skinner
there is an inverse in the probability of the response cause…
there is a decrease in the probability of the response cause…
operant conditioning
based on consequences rather than associations
what researcher is operant conditionin…
B.F. Skinner
34 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant conditioning
Reinforcement
Punishment
Types of reinforcement
Describes proactive behaviors and the law of effect
Anything that INCREASES likelihood of behavior
Anything which DECREASES the likelihood of behavior
Primary reinforcement and secondary (conditioned) reinforcement
Operant conditioning
Describes proactive behaviors and the law of effect
Reinforcement
Anything that INCREASES likelihood of behavior
18 terms
operant conditioning
operant conditioning
operant chamber
reinforcement
shaping
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened it follo…
a box with an attached record divice to track the rate at whi…
in operant conditioning any event that strengthens the behavi…
an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide…
operant conditioning
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened it follo…
operant chamber
a box with an attached record divice to track the rate at whi…
21 terms
Operant Conditioning
learning
associative learning
stimulus
operant conditioning
the proceso f acquiring new and relatively enduring informati…
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
any event or situation that evokes a response.
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
learning
the proceso f acquiring new and relatively enduring informati…
associative learning
learning that certain events occur together. The events may b…
13 terms
Operant conditioning
Operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner)
Skinner box
Shaping
Positive Reinforcement
is a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be…
is a small enclosure in which an animal can make specific res…
the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations of a de…
occurs when a response is strengthened because it is followed…
Operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner)
is a form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be…
Skinner box
is a small enclosure in which an animal can make specific res…
38 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant conditioning
Operants
Types of responses
Types of consequences
Learning of the association between responses (behaviour) and…
are behaviours that are emitted rather than elicited by the e…
-Inate (walking, grooming, eating etc)... -New (Pressing lever)…
-"Good" (giving food, introduce social companion)... - "Bad" (pr…
Operant conditioning
Learning of the association between responses (behaviour) and…
Operants
are behaviours that are emitted rather than elicited by the e…
17 terms
Operant conditioning
OC
When you receive a reward the behaviou…
If you receive a punishment you are le…
If you demonstrate a behaviour to avoi…
Operant conditioning
Positive reinforcement
Punishment
Negative reinforcement
OC
Operant conditioning
When you receive a reward the behaviou…
Positive reinforcement
Operant conditioning
difference between classical and operant
Operant behavior
Respondent behavior
Law of effect - Thorndike
•Classical- associates different stimuli and respond automati…
Strengthened if followed by reinforcement or diminished if fo…
Automatically response to stimulus
Rewarded behavior is to recur
difference between classical and operant
•Classical- associates different stimuli and respond automati…
Operant behavior
Strengthened if followed by reinforcement or diminished if fo…
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