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Study sets matching "organelles anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "organelles anatomy physiology"

19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles WHS
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
contains chromatin and nucleolus
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
outer boundary of nucleus
Nucleus
contains chromatin and nucleolus
Chromosomes
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
32 terms
anatomy/physiology cell organelles
rough endoplasmic reticulum
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
golgi apparatus
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
where protein is made
modifides packege and delivers proteins (flat membrane sacs)
rough endoplasmic reticulum
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
19 terms
Anatomy/ Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
Nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Chromosomes
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. E…
12 terms
anatomy/physiology cell organelles
rough endoplasmic reticulum
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
golgi apparatus
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
where protein is made
modifides packege and delivers proteins (flat membrane sacs)
rough endoplasmic reticulum
transports proteins (has ribosomes)
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
puts lipids together (lipid synthesis)
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
nucleus
chromosomes
cytoplasm
nuclear membrane
holds genetic material and is the brain of the cell
found in nucleic acids and protein, carry genetic information…
material living in the cell
surrounds the nucleus
nucleus
holds genetic material and is the brain of the cell
chromosomes
found in nucleic acids and protein, carry genetic information…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
A rounded structure found in most Eukaryotic cells that conta…
Thread like structures found inside the nucleus of eukaryotic…
A solution that is inside of cells that is closed by the cell…
Has many names and is a double lipid bilayer. It surrounds th…
Nucleus
A rounded structure found in most Eukaryotic cells that conta…
Chromosomes
Thread like structures found inside the nucleus of eukaryotic…
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology organelles
Mitochondria
Cytoskeleton
Microvilli
Centrosome
These organelles produce energy!... Mitochondria are composed o…
Purpose: Internal protein framework that gives the cytoplasm…
Finger shaped projections of the plasma membrane which greatl…
- Region of cytoplasm next to the nucleus ... - Microtubule-orga…
Mitochondria
These organelles produce energy!... Mitochondria are composed o…
Cytoskeleton
Purpose: Internal protein framework that gives the cytoplasm…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in th…
the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding th…
All eukaryotic cells (those found in animals, plants, protist…
Nucleus
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
Chromosomes
threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in th…
32 terms
anatomy/physiology cell organelles
rough endoplasmic reticulum
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
ribosomes
golgi apparatus
produces proteins (has ribosomes)
puts lipids together, and detoxifies substances. Also used as…
where proteins are made
modifies and delivers proteins (flat membrane sacs)
rough endoplasmic reticulum
produces proteins (has ribosomes)
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
puts lipids together, and detoxifies substances. Also used as…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Nuclear Membrane
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called the…
controls what goes in and out of the nucleus
Organelles
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
chromosomes
Cytoplasm
nuclear membrane
maintain the integrity of these genes and to control the acti…
chromosomes contain the instructions that make the offspring…
responsible for giving cells its shape
keeps DNA inside the nucleus and protects it from materials i…
Nucleus
maintain the integrity of these genes and to control the acti…
chromosomes
chromosomes contain the instructions that make the offspring…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
nucleus
chromosomes
cytoplasm
nuclear membrane
control center of the cell
responsible for making the organisms what they are by helping…
- nutrients are absorbed, transported, & processed w/in the c…
regulate the flow of materials between the nucleus and the re…
nucleus
control center of the cell
chromosomes
responsible for making the organisms what they are by helping…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology/Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
The nucleus regulates all cell activity
Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nuc…
The jelly-like fluid that fills a cell is called cytoplasm. I…
The nuclear membrane let's things go in or out of the nucleus.
Nucleus
The nucleus regulates all cell activity
Chromosomes
Chromosomes are thread-like structures located inside the nuc…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
Controls activities of the cell, produce ribosomes, and store…
information about the traits and characteristics inherited of…
Breaks down waste and aids in metabolic activity
Regulate what materials(RNA and protein) enter or exit the nu…
Nucleus
Controls activities of the cell, produce ribosomes, and store…
Chromosomes
information about the traits and characteristics inherited of…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
The central and most important part of an object, forming the…
Thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal a…
A thick solution that fills each cell and is enclosed by the…
Also known as the nuclear envelope, the double lipid bilayer…
Nucleus
The central and most important part of an object, forming the…
Chromosomes
Thread-like structures located inside the nucleus of animal a…
19 terms
"Anatomy/Physiology Organelles"
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
The center of a cell and it is the most important.
You find it in plant and animal cells inside the nucleus, it…
A thick solution that consist in of water, salts and proteins…
Found in Eukaryotic cells, it is the double lipid bilayer mem…
Nucleus
The center of a cell and it is the most important.
Chromosomes
You find it in plant and animal cells inside the nucleus, it…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
nucleus
chromosomes
cytoplasm
nuclear membrane
brain/control center of the cell
DNA structures inside the nucleus
gel-like substance enclosed in the cell membrane
membrane that protects the nucleus
nucleus
brain/control center of the cell
chromosomes
DNA structures inside the nucleus
Anatomy and Physiology- Organelles
Nucleus
nucleolus
chromatin
nuclear membrane
contains chromatin and nucleolus
assembles ribosomes
genetic regulation of the cell
outer boundary of nucleus
Nucleus
contains chromatin and nucleolus
nucleolus
assembles ribosomes
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
Control the activities of the cell by regulating gene express…
Contain instructions that make the offspring unique while sti…
Has enzymes that break down waste, responsible for giving the…
Keeps DNA in the nucleus and protects it from materials in th…
Nucleus
Control the activities of the cell by regulating gene express…
Chromosomes
Contain instructions that make the offspring unique while sti…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
Membrane enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells. Stores…
Organized structures containing most of the DNA of a living o…
Thick solution that fills each cell and is enclosed by the ce…
The nuclear membrane surrounds the nucleus with a double memb…
Nucleus
Membrane enclosed organelle found in eukaryotic cells. Stores…
Chromosomes
Organized structures containing most of the DNA of a living o…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
Nucleus is the most important part of a cell that all the cel…
A chromosome is a long, stringy aggregate of genes that carri…
Cytoplasm is in the cell membrane of all cell types and it is…
All the nucleuses have a double layered membrane that is call…
Nucleus
Nucleus is the most important part of a cell that all the cel…
Chromosomes
A chromosome is a long, stringy aggregate of genes that carri…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
A rounded structure found in most Eukaryotic cells that conta…
Thread like structures found inside the nucleus of eukaryotic…
A solution that is inside of cells that is closed by the cell…
Has many names and is a double lipid bilayer. It surrounds th…
Nucleus
A rounded structure found in most Eukaryotic cells that conta…
Chromosomes
Thread like structures found inside the nucleus of eukaryotic…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
The brain of a cell
Carries genetic information in the form of genes
the material in all living cells, excluding the nucleus
a membrane enclosing the cell's nucleus and continuing with t…
Nucleus
The brain of a cell
Chromosomes
Carries genetic information in the form of genes
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in th…
the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding th…
All eukaryotic cells (those found in animals, plants, protist…
Nucleus
a dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
Chromosomes
threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in th…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
Maintains the integrity of genes and to control the activitie…
Responsible for containing the instructions that make the off…
Help to fill out the cell and keep organelles in place, witho…
Encloses the nucleus and encases the genetic material in euka…
Nucleus
Maintains the integrity of genes and to control the activitie…
Chromosomes
Responsible for containing the instructions that make the off…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
A dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
The cell substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus.
A double membrane enclosing a cell nucleus and having its out…
Nucleus
A dense organelle present in most eukaryotic cells, typically…
Chromosomes
A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in…
19 terms
"Anatomy/Physiology Organelles"
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear Membrane
part of the body that forms the basis for its activity and gr…
thread like structures in the nucleus of plants and animals... -…
thick solution that fills cells ... - is enclosed by membranes... -…
double lipid bilayer... - surrounds genetic material and nucleus…
Nucleus
part of the body that forms the basis for its activity and gr…
Chromosomes
thread like structures in the nucleus of plants and animals... -…
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Organelles Test
1. Cells are the basic structure and f…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Oxygen
Carry out all chemical activities need…
Three Parts of the Cell Theory
Most cells are composed of the following four elements:
Which element is most abundant in cells?
What is the function of cells and tissues?
1. Cells are the basic structure and f…
Three Parts of the Cell Theory
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Most cells are composed of the following four elements:
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (organelles)
cytosol
lysosome
mitochondrion
centrioles
cytoplasm (holds things in place)
"clean up crew"
power house of the cell
assist cells in replicating
cytosol
cytoplasm (holds things in place)
lysosome
"clean up crew"
27 terms
Cell Organelles - Anatomy & Physiology
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Tonicity
Flexible outer boundary
Intracellular fluid containing organelles
Control center
Solution to cause a cell to shrink or swell
Plasma membrane
Flexible outer boundary
Cytoplasm
Intracellular fluid containing organelles
16 terms
Cell Organelles (Anatomy & Physiology)
cell membrane
receptor protein
transport protein
marker protein
controls what comes in & out of cells; found in plant & anima…
receive chemical message molecules from other cells
allows small, polar molecules through
have carb. ID tags that identify the type of cell and owner o…
cell membrane
controls what comes in & out of cells; found in plant & anima…
receptor protein
receive chemical message molecules from other cells
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Organelles
Nucleus
nucleolus
chromatin
nuclear membrane
contains chromatin and nucleolus
assembles ribosomes
genetic regulation of the cell
outer boundary of nucleus
Nucleus
contains chromatin and nucleolus
nucleolus
assembles ribosomes
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Organelles of The Cell
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
ribosomes
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cellular region between the nuclear and plasma membranes that…
Rodlike, double membrane structures, inner membrane folded in…
dense particles consisting of two subunits, each composed of…
Membranous system enclosing a cavity, the cistern, and coilin…
Cytoplasm
Cellular region between the nuclear and plasma membranes that…
Mitochondria
Rodlike, double membrane structures, inner membrane folded in…
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II (organelles)
The ____ ___ processes proteins and sy…
The ____ ____ synthesizes fats and ste…
Which ER are ribosomes located on?
Where is the site of protein synthesis?
Rough ER
smooth ER; calcium ions
rough
ribosomes
The ____ ___ processes proteins and sy…
Rough ER
The ____ ____ synthesizes fats and ste…
smooth ER; calcium ions
44 terms
Anatomy and physiology cell organelles
What is the cell theory?
Plasma membrane
Fluid Mosaic model
What is the functions of membrane prot…
cell = basic structural and functional unit of life ... all cell…
separates intracellular fluids from extracellular fluids
double bilayer of lipids with imbedded, dispersed proteins…
transport... enzymatic activity... receptors for signal ... transduc…
What is the cell theory?
cell = basic structural and functional unit of life ... all cell…
Plasma membrane
separates intracellular fluids from extracellular fluids
13 terms
Anatomy & physiology organelles & functions
Nonmembraneous organelles (6)
Membranous organelles (5)
Cytoskeleton (N)
Microvilli (N)
Cytoskeleton ... Microvilli ... Centrioles ... Cilia ... Ribosomes ... Prote…
endoplasmic reticulum (ER)... Golgi apparatus... lysosomes... peroxiso…
Structural proteins for shape and strength... (Microfilaments, I…
Increase surface area for absorption... Attach to cytoskeleton
Nonmembraneous organelles (6)
Cytoskeleton ... Microvilli ... Centrioles ... Cilia ... Ribosomes ... Prote…
Membranous organelles (5)
endoplasmic reticulum (ER)... Golgi apparatus... lysosomes... peroxiso…
21 terms
Cell Organelles: Anatomy & Physiology
plasma membrane
cytoskeleton
microtubules
intermediate filaments
outer surface that regulates entrance and exit of molecules;…
maintains cell shape and assists movement of cell parts
cylinders of protein molecules present in cytoplasm, centriol…
protein fibers that provide support and strength
plasma membrane
outer surface that regulates entrance and exit of molecules;…
cytoskeleton
maintains cell shape and assists movement of cell parts
19 terms
Organelles (Anatomy & Physiology)
Cytoskeleton
Cell Membrane
Endocytosis
Exocytosis
composed of protein filaments "Framework"; Found throughout t…
to protect the cell from its surroundings; Located in outer m…
cells absorb molecules (such as protein); takes particle into…
a cellular process where cells leave waste products or chemic…
Cytoskeleton
composed of protein filaments "Framework"; Found throughout t…
Cell Membrane
to protect the cell from its surroundings; Located in outer m…
55 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cells+Organelles
Plasma Membrane
Glycolipids
fluid mosaic model
What does cholesterol do for the plasm…
defines extent of cell and acts as a barrier.... contains a hydr…
in the plasma membrane, about 10% of external surface phospho…
its a phospholipids bilayer studded with proteins
stabilizes the membrane and increases membrane fluidity
Plasma Membrane
defines extent of cell and acts as a barrier.... contains a hydr…
Glycolipids
in the plasma membrane, about 10% of external surface phospho…
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Organelles
Plasma Membrane Structure
Plasma Membrane Function
Mitochondria structure
mitochondria function
double layer of lipids within which proteins are embedded
external cell barrier... acts in transport of substances into or…
rodlike, double membrane structures... inner membrane folded int…
site of ATP synthesis... powerhouse of the cell
Plasma Membrane Structure
double layer of lipids within which proteins are embedded
Plasma Membrane Function
external cell barrier... acts in transport of substances into or…
19 terms
Anatomy/Physiology/ organelles
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Cytoplasm
Nuclear membrane
the middle and important part of a cell
is threas-like thing shape and located inside the nucleus of…
solution that filld the cell and it is shaped by the cell mem…
is membrane made out of lipids and cover all hins inside the…
Nucleus
the middle and important part of a cell
Chromosomes
is threas-like thing shape and located inside the nucleus of…
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Organelles
Vacuole
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cytoplasm
Stores material within the cell including water and pigments
The sites of protein synthesis also located on portions of th…
Transports materials within the cell
The region inside the cell made up of jelly like substance
Vacuole
Stores material within the cell including water and pigments
Ribosomes
The sites of protein synthesis also located on portions of th…
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Organelles
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
(Energy source) ... 1. Double membrane... 2. Cellular respiration =…
(Dots on diagram)... 1. Made of proteins... 2. Site of protein synt…
Rough: studded with ribosomes and finishes proteins made in r…
Modify package and sort proteins from the rough ER. Secretory…
Mitochondria
(Energy source) ... 1. Double membrane... 2. Cellular respiration =…
Ribosomes
(Dots on diagram)... 1. Made of proteins... 2. Site of protein synt…
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Organelles
Cytoskeleton
Centrosome
Cilia
Flagella
network of organelles that make up the cell's structure; made…
organizing center for microtubules; keeps them from falling a…
multiple tiny hairlike structures that stick out of the cell;…
large, whiplike tail that propel some cells
Cytoskeleton
network of organelles that make up the cell's structure; made…
Centrosome
organizing center for microtubules; keeps them from falling a…
11 terms
Anatomy and physiology (cell organelles)
ER
Smooth ER
Rough ER
Ribosomes
Folds of membrane within a cell
No ribosomes, synthesises lipids, carbohydrates etc.
Has ribosomes, produces protein molecules
Composed of small subunit and large subunit of ribosomes... Comp…
ER
Folds of membrane within a cell
Smooth ER
No ribosomes, synthesises lipids, carbohydrates etc.
16 terms
Anatomy + Physiology: Cells and Organelles
Osmosis
Diffusion
Filtration
Phagocytosis
Movement of water across a semi-... permeable membrane from area…
Movement of substances from areas of high to low concentration.
When pressure is used to force water and dissolved substances…
When a cell "engulfs" a solid particle and draws it inside.
Osmosis
Movement of water across a semi-... permeable membrane from area…
Diffusion
Movement of substances from areas of high to low concentration.
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology~ Cell Organelles
nucleus
nucleolus
nuclear membrane
mitochondria
controls cell activities
makes ribosomes
only lets certain things go through - semipermeable... allows RN…
performs cellular respiration ... contains cristae to make energy
nucleus
controls cell activities
nucleolus
makes ribosomes
26 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Organelles
non membranous organelles
membranous organelles
cytoskeleton
what do the filaments of the cytoskele…
cytoskeleton--microtubule, microfilament; microvilli, centros…
mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum--rough ER, smooth ER, gol…
provides an internal protein framework that gives the cytopla…
form a dynamic network; microfilaments anchor the cytoskeleto…
non membranous organelles
cytoskeleton--microtubule, microfilament; microvilli, centros…
membranous organelles
mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum--rough ER, smooth ER, gol…
31 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Organelles Test
1. Cells are the basic structure and f…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Oxygen
Carry out all chemical activities need…
Three Parts of the Cell Theory
Most cells are composed of the following four elements:
Which element is most abundant in cells?
What is the function of cells and tissues?
1. Cells are the basic structure and f…
Three Parts of the Cell Theory
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Most cells are composed of the following four elements:
10 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Organelles
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (Rough ER)
Enzymes dissolved in the fluid within the mitochondria, as we…
They are tiny, round, dark bodies where protein synthesis occ…
The endoplasmic reticulum serves as a minicirculatory system…
The rough ER has studded with ribosomes. Because essentially…
Mitochondria
Enzymes dissolved in the fluid within the mitochondria, as we…
Ribosomes
They are tiny, round, dark bodies where protein synthesis occ…
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