Study sets matching "organelles functions structure"

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Study sets matching "organelles functions structure"

17 terms
Cell Organelles Structure and Function
cell membrane
Mitochondria (F)
Chloroplasts
Cell Wall
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell also important for…
F: Site of cellular respiration: Converts energy stored in gl…
Site of photosynthesis: ... CO2 + H20 --> C6H12O6 + O2
Found in plant, bacteria and fungal cells. Not found in anima…
cell membrane
Regulates what enters and leaves the cell also important for…
Mitochondria (F)
F: Site of cellular respiration: Converts energy stored in gl…
22 terms
Cell Organelles Structure and Function
Organelle
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Vacuole
"Small organs" of the cell that carry out specific functions
"Brain" of the cell, control center; Contains DNA (genetic ma…
"Powerhouse" or "Energy producer"; makes ATP through cell res…
"warehouse," stores food, water, waste; larger in plant cells
Organelle
"Small organs" of the cell that carry out specific functions
Nucleus
"Brain" of the cell, control center; Contains DNA (genetic ma…
Organelles, Structures & Functions, Pictures
Cell Membrane AKA Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm (Cytosol)
Cytoskeleton
nucleolus
Structure: a bilipid layer with embedded proteins. ... Function…
Structure: Thick fluid made of water and dissolved chemicals…
Structure: Microtubules (thick) and microfilaments (thin), bo…
Structure: Circular organelle found in the nucleus and surrou…
Cell Membrane AKA Plasma Membrane
Structure: a bilipid layer with embedded proteins. ... Function…
Cytoplasm (Cytosol)
Structure: Thick fluid made of water and dissolved chemicals…
12 terms
Cell Organelles - Structures and Functions
Mitochondrion
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Vacuole
Produces energy for the cell
Organelle that manages (or controls) all the cell functions (…
The membrane that surrounds the cell (made of phospholipid Bi…
Stores material within the cell.
Mitochondrion
Produces energy for the cell
Nucleus
Organelle that manages (or controls) all the cell functions (…
Organelles (functions and structure)
Nucleus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Ribosomes
-Control center... -Contains DNA in nucleolus... -Nucleolus-dense c…
-Network of flattened membranes ... -studded with Ribosomes--to…
-continuous with Rough ER... -Produces lipids, which are then us…
-Produces proteins through translation by placing amino acids…
Nucleus
-Control center... -Contains DNA in nucleolus... -Nucleolus-dense c…
Rough ER
-Network of flattened membranes ... -studded with Ribosomes--to…
Cell Structure and the Functions of organelles
chloroplast
nucleus
chromosomes
vacuole
food producers of the cell.(only plants cells have them .NOT…
control center of the cell
carries the genetic information (DNA)
they store materials (ex: water, salt, protein, and carbohydr…
chloroplast
food producers of the cell.(only plants cells have them .NOT…
nucleus
control center of the cell
13 terms
Organelles (functions and structure)
Nucleus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Ribosomes
-Control center... -Contains DNA in nucleolus... -Nucleolus-dense c…
-Network of flattened membranes ... -studded with Ribosomes--to…
-continuous with Rough ER... -Produces lipids, which are then us…
-Produces proteins through translation by placing amino acids…
Nucleus
-Control center... -Contains DNA in nucleolus... -Nucleolus-dense c…
Rough ER
-Network of flattened membranes ... -studded with Ribosomes--to…
15 terms
Cell Organelles: Structure and Function
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Stores water and other substances; Large vacuoles are disting…
Chromosomes made from DNA are found here in this circular org…
Term for the thick fluid that fills the cell; holds the organ…
Called the powerhouse of the cell because it is the site at w…
Vacuole
Stores water and other substances; Large vacuoles are disting…
Nucleus
Chromosomes made from DNA are found here in this circular org…
Cell structure, organelles and functions
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Theory
Cell wall
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life
The lipid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of the cell
This says that all living things are made of cells, that cell…
A rigid structure that surrounds the cells of plants and most…
Cell
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
The lipid bilayer that forms the outer boundary of the cell
Cell Structure & Function: Organelles
chloroplast
mitochondrion
nucleus
cell membrane
an organelle found in plant cells that transforms sunlight in…
organelle involved in energy transformation
organelle that contains genetic material
organelle that regulates the exchange of material into and ou…
chloroplast
an organelle found in plant cells that transforms sunlight in…
mitochondrion
organelle involved in energy transformation
17 terms
Cell Structure and Function: Organelles
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Centriole
Chloroplast
regulates what enters and exits and aids in cellular recognit…
provides support and structure
help form spindle fibers that assist chromosome movement duri…
contains green chlorophyll and perform photosynthesis, turnin…
Cell membrane
regulates what enters and exits and aids in cellular recognit…
Cell wall
provides support and structure
Cell Organelle Structure & Function
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Cytoplasm
membrane surrounding cells that controls what enters and exit…
Control center of the cell
organelles in the cytoplasm of cells that functions in energy…
Gel-like fluid that fills the space between nucleus and plasm…
Cell membrane
membrane surrounding cells that controls what enters and exit…
Nucleus
Control center of the cell
55 terms
Cell Organelles: Structure and Function
organelles
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Cell with no nucleus nor membrane bound organelles
organelles
membrane-enclosed structures within a eukaryotic cell
cytosol
a jellylike substance where organelles and other components a…
Cell organelles- Structure and function
Cytoskeleton
Cytoplasm
Cell theory
Plant cell versus animal cell
gives internal shape and structure to a cell; also provides m…
gel-like fluid inside the cell
All living things made up of cells. Cells are the basic unit…
Plant cells have chloroplasts and cell walls. Animal cells do…
Cytoskeleton
gives internal shape and structure to a cell; also provides m…
Cytoplasm
gel-like fluid inside the cell
13 terms
Cell Organelles: Structure and Function
Vacuole
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Stores water and other substances; Large vacuoles are disting…
Chromosomes made from DNA are found here . "The Brain of the…
Term for the thick fluid that fills the cell; holds the organ…
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell generates lar…
Vacuole
Stores water and other substances; Large vacuoles are disting…
Nucleus
Chromosomes made from DNA are found here . "The Brain of the…
15 terms
Organelle Structures & Functions
Cell Wall
Microtubules
Ribosome
Endoplasmic Reticulum
- A structure only found in plant cells... - Made of cellulose... -…
- Part of the cytoskeleton... - Made of protein filaments... - Help…
- Located on parts of the ER or throughout the cytoplasm... - Wh…
- Tunnels of membranes connected to the nucleus... - Proteins ar…
Cell Wall
- A structure only found in plant cells... - Made of cellulose... -…
Microtubules
- Part of the cytoskeleton... - Made of protein filaments... - Help…
12 terms
Structure and Function of Cytoplasmic Organelles
-Tiny spherical bodies composed of RNA…
-Studded with Ribosomes... -Provides an a…
-Has no function in protein synthesis,…
-Stack of flattened sacs with bulbous…
Ribosomes
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
-Tiny spherical bodies composed of RNA…
Ribosomes
-Studded with Ribosomes... -Provides an a…
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Cells: Organelles Structure and Function
Organelles
Cytoskeleton
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
Rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER)
membrane enclosed structures that performs specific function…
network of protein fibers that give shape and organization to…
forms membrane-enclosed channels, continous with the nuclear…
Attached ribosomes: functions in synthesizes phosopholipids a…
Organelles
membrane enclosed structures that performs specific function…
Cytoskeleton
network of protein fibers that give shape and organization to…
23 terms
Cell Structure and Organelle functions
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Organelle
Cell Membrane
Organism whose cell(s) does not contain a nucleus. The DNA is…
Organism whose cell(s) do contain a nucleus to separate the D…
"Little organs", cell structures with specific functions with…
an organelle that separates the cell from the outside environ…
Prokaryote
Organism whose cell(s) does not contain a nucleus. The DNA is…
Eukaryote
Organism whose cell(s) do contain a nucleus to separate the D…
11 terms
organelles structure and functions
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Ribosomes
Smooth Er
membrane composed structure.... Contains the majority of the ce…
this is membrane enclosed structure found inside the nucleus.…
Ribosomes are small and can be found on the Rough ER or float…
This is a folded membrane that does not have ribosomes on it.…
Nucleus
membrane composed structure.... Contains the majority of the ce…
Nucleolus
this is membrane enclosed structure found inside the nucleus.…
41 terms
Function of Cell Organelles/Structures
Cell Wall
Cytoskeleton
Vacuole
ER
Supports and protects the plant cell
Contribute to the internal structure, intracellular movement,…
Stores enzymes and waste products; functions to store water i…
Prepares proteins for export; synthesizes steroids, regulates…
Cell Wall
Supports and protects the plant cell
Cytoskeleton
Contribute to the internal structure, intracellular movement,…
13 terms
Structure and Function of Cytoplasmic Organelles
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
tiny spherical bodies composed of RNA and protein. (protein s…
membranous system of tubules that extends throught the cytopl…
provide an area of storage and transport of the proteins made…
no function in protein synthesis (site of steroid and lipid s…
Ribosomes
tiny spherical bodies composed of RNA and protein. (protein s…
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
membranous system of tubules that extends throught the cytopl…
36 terms
Function and Structure of Cellular Organelles
(Structure of the) Nucleus
(Function of the) Nucleolus
(Function of the) Nuclear Envelope
(Function of the) Nucleus
Surrounded by the nuclear envelope.... -Contains a Nucleolus and…
-The Nucleolus is where ribosomes are made.
-To separate the contents of the Nucleus from the rest of the…
-Is the control centre of the cell.... -Stores the organism's ge…
(Structure of the) Nucleus
Surrounded by the nuclear envelope.... -Contains a Nucleolus and…
(Function of the) Nucleolus
-The Nucleolus is where ribosomes are made.
27 terms
Organelles/Structure and Function
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
ER
sphere shape
thin flexible barrier with holes
jelly-like fluid
a maze or pathways
Nucleus
sphere shape
Cell Membrane
thin flexible barrier with holes
6 terms
Animal Structure Organelles & Functions
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
contains all the chromosomes and is a cell's genetric control…
this is all the sites where types of RNA are synthesized/made
is located within the plasma membrane, but outside the nucleu…
known as the "Power House", has major sites of ATP synthesis…
Nucleus
contains all the chromosomes and is a cell's genetric control…
Nucleolus
this is all the sites where types of RNA are synthesized/made
functions and structure of organelles
cell membrane
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi body
ribosomes
controls what goes in and out and holds cell together. in all…
control were molecules go. has highway like system and some p…
package protein for export. in animals and pants
make protein. in plants, animals and bacteria
cell membrane
controls what goes in and out and holds cell together. in all…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
control were molecules go. has highway like system and some p…
Organelles functions and structure
Nulcaer Envelope
Rough ER
Golgi Apparatus
Lysosomes
is a double membraned structure that surrounds the nucleus. I…
is made with tubes and sacs that soured the nucleus and it lo…
is a group of flattened sacs that is a continuation of the Ro…
a membrane bound sac of enzymes that digest things that come…
Nulcaer Envelope
is a double membraned structure that surrounds the nucleus. I…
Rough ER
is made with tubes and sacs that soured the nucleus and it lo…
10 terms
Cell Structure - Organelles & Functions
Smooth ER
Ribosome
Rough ER
Golgi Apparatus
makes lipids
makes proteins (from amino acids)
transports protein (made by the attached ribosomes)
modifies and packages proteins & makes secretory vesicles and…
Smooth ER
makes lipids
Ribosome
makes proteins (from amino acids)
14 terms
Cytoplasmic Organelles Functions and Structure
Cell Membrane
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Ribosomes
Golgi Apparatus
Function: Maintains the integrity of cells and controls passa…
Function: Transports materials within cell, provides attachme…
Function: Synthesize proteins ... Structure: Particles composed…
Function: Packages protein molecule for transport and secreti…
Cell Membrane
Function: Maintains the integrity of cells and controls passa…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Function: Transports materials within cell, provides attachme…
20 terms
Cell Structure, Organelles and Functions
Plasma Membrane
Plasma Membrane structure
Nuclear envelope
Nucleolus
Allows movement of fluids in and out of cell... - physically sep…
Phospholipid bilayer:... - glycerol (carbohydrate chains)... - 2 fa…
Phospholipid bi-layer
Where RNA stays until ready to use
Plasma Membrane
Allows movement of fluids in and out of cell... - physically sep…
Plasma Membrane structure
Phospholipid bilayer:... - glycerol (carbohydrate chains)... - 2 fa…
structure/organelles and their functions
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Rough ER
Smooth ER
energy production via ATP
produce protein
is studded with Ribosomes and it is therefore the manufacturi…
synthesizes lipids AND detoxify the cell
Mitochondria
energy production via ATP
Ribosomes
produce protein
14 terms
Organelles Functions and Structure
Ribosome
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Golgi Apparatus
Structure: Round, two parts, a small and a large subunit... Func…
Structure: Long tubes with no ribosomes on surface... Function:…
Structure: Long tubes with ribosomes on surface... Function: Ass…
Structure: Membrane-bound, stacks of vesicles... Function: Store…
Ribosome
Structure: Round, two parts, a small and a large subunit... Func…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Structure: Long tubes with no ribosomes on surface... Function:…
18 terms
Cell Structure/Organelles & Functions
Directs the cell's activities. Contain…
Storage sac for water, nutrients, and…
Used for storage and transport. Found…
Digestive enzymes in cell membranes. B…
Nucleus
Vacuoles
Vesicles
Lysosomes
Directs the cell's activities. Contain…
Nucleus
Storage sac for water, nutrients, and…
Vacuoles
Organelles (structure and function)
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Cytoplasmic functions
Cytoskeleton
Portion of cell from... Plasma membrane to Nuclear Membrane
Semi-fluid region—very viscous... - water-based gel more than a…
*** Metabolic: major site of... metabolism... - Glycolysis -> Early…
Internal framework... - NM to PM... Functions... - Maintain shape... -…
Cytoplasm
Portion of cell from... Plasma membrane to Nuclear Membrane
Cytosol
Semi-fluid region—very viscous... - water-based gel more than a…
15 terms
Organelles & Structural Functions
cell wall [plant only]
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
made up of cellulose; provides support for the cell & the pla…
2 layers of phospholipid proteins; regulates material enterin…
made up of fluid & organelles [except for nucleus]; supports…
ball shaped structure containing DNA; controls all of the cel…
cell wall [plant only]
made up of cellulose; provides support for the cell & the pla…
cell membrane
2 layers of phospholipid proteins; regulates material enterin…
33 terms
Organelles (functions, structure, location)
Nucleus
Nuclear Pore
Nuclear Envelope
Nuclear Lamina
Eukaryotic... Double membrane... DNA Strorage
Eukaryotic- on nucleus... Holes in membrane... Allows molecules in…
Eukaryotic- surrounding nucleus... Double membrane... Separates cyt…
Eukaryotic- inside edge of nucleus... Intermediate filaments... Anc…
Nucleus
Eukaryotic... Double membrane... DNA Strorage
Nuclear Pore
Eukaryotic- on nucleus... Holes in membrane... Allows molecules in…
Organelles, Structures & Functions, Pictures
Cell Membrane AKA Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm (Cytosol)
Cytoskeleton
nucleolus
Structure: a bilipid layer with embedded proteins. ... Function…
Structure: Thick fluid made of water and dissolved chemicals…
Structure: Microtubules (thick) and microfilaments (thin), bo…
Structure: Circular organelle found in the nucleus and surrou…
Cell Membrane AKA Plasma Membrane
Structure: a bilipid layer with embedded proteins. ... Function…
Cytoplasm (Cytosol)
Structure: Thick fluid made of water and dissolved chemicals…
Organelles, Structures & Functions, Pictures
Cell Membrane AKA Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm (Cytosol)
Cytoskeleton
nucleolus
Structure: a bilipid layer with embedded proteins. ... Function…
Structure: Thick fluid made of water and dissolved chemicals…
Structure: Microtubules (thick) and microfilaments (thin), bo…
Structure: Circular organelle found in the nucleus and surrou…
Cell Membrane AKA Plasma Membrane
Structure: a bilipid layer with embedded proteins. ... Function…
Cytoplasm (Cytosol)
Structure: Thick fluid made of water and dissolved chemicals…
Cell Structure, Organelles, and Functions
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Lipids
Protein
Single Celled Organism... -simple... -free floating organelles... -con…
Multi Celled Organism, cells work together to create a living…
Secondary Source of Energy... (Fats that provide us with energy)…
Builds Structure
Prokaryotes
Single Celled Organism... -simple... -free floating organelles... -con…
Eukaryotes
Multi Celled Organism, cells work together to create a living…
cell organelles (structure/function)
nucleus
nucleolus
nuclear envelope
ribosome
...
...
...
...
nucleus
...
nucleolus
...
Structure and Functions of organelles
Cell Wall
Nucleolus
Ribosomes
Cytoplasm
Fairly rigid structure found outside of the plasma membrane t…
Within the nucleus is a prominent organelle that makes riboso…
The sites where the cell produces proteins according to the d…
The clear, gelatinous fluid inside of a cell
Cell Wall
Fairly rigid structure found outside of the plasma membrane t…
Nucleolus
Within the nucleus is a prominent organelle that makes riboso…
10 terms
Cell Organelles - Structures and Functions
Mitochondrion
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Vacuole
Produces energy for the cell
Organelle that manages (or controls) all the cell functions (…
The membrane that surrounds the cell (made of phospholipid Bi…
Stores material within the cell.
Mitochondrion
Produces energy for the cell
Nucleus
Organelle that manages (or controls) all the cell functions (…
Organelles/Structure and Function
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
ER
sphere shape
thin flexible barrier with holes
jelly-like fluid
a maze or pathways
Nucleus
sphere shape
Cell Membrane
thin flexible barrier with holes
11 terms
structure/function of organelles
ribosomes
cytoplasm
nucleus
chloroplast
sites of protein synthesis
clear fluid inside the cell
organelle that manages all cell functions in eukaryotic cell
contains chlorophyll, a green pigment that traps energy from…
ribosomes
sites of protein synthesis
cytoplasm
clear fluid inside the cell
28 terms
Cell Organelles: Structure and Function
cell wall
Golgi apparatus
lysosome
vacuole
in plants and algae, it is made of cellulose
appears as a stack of closely layered membranes
small organelle that is filled with digestive enzymes
in plant cells, it is large (takes up most of the space insid…
cell wall
in plants and algae, it is made of cellulose
Golgi apparatus
appears as a stack of closely layered membranes
28 terms
Organelles functions and structures
Ribosome
Nucleolus
Golgi Complex
Centrioles
creates proteins for the cell
makes up the nucleus makes ribosomes
receives and refines materials and then sends it off to final…
aids in cell division made form microtubles 9 by 3 arrangement
Ribosome
creates proteins for the cell
Nucleolus
makes up the nucleus makes ribosomes
Cell Organelles: Structure and Function
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (Rough ER)
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (Smooth ER)
In both animal and plant cells. It directs all of the cell's…
In both animal and plant cells. Most of the cell's energy is…
In both animal and plant cells. It has ribosomes, helps form…
In both animal and plant cells. It has no ribosomes, helps fo…
Nucleus
In both animal and plant cells. It directs all of the cell's…
Mitochondria
In both animal and plant cells. Most of the cell's energy is…
27 terms
Cell Organelles: Structure and Function
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (Rough ER)
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (Smooth ER)
In both animal and plant cells. It directs all of the cell's…
In both animal and plant cells. Most of the cell's energy is…
In both animal and plant cells. It has ribosomes, helps form…
In both animal and plant cells. It has no ribosomes, helps fo…
Nucleus
In both animal and plant cells. It directs all of the cell's…
Mitochondria
In both animal and plant cells. Most of the cell's energy is…
16 terms
Cell organelle structure and function
Organelles
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within…
Rigid layer of non living material that surrounds the plant c…
All cells have a cell membrane. In cells with cell walls, the…
The cell's control center, directing all of the cell's activi…
Organelles
Tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within…
Cell Wall
Rigid layer of non living material that surrounds the plant c…
19 terms
Organelles: Structure and Function
Organelles
Eukaryotes
Eukarya
Nucleus
Membrane-enclosed compartments found in eukaryotes
Members of the domain Eukarya
A domain that includes the protists, plants, fungi, and animals
The most notable organelle, where most of the cell's DNA is l…
Organelles
Membrane-enclosed compartments found in eukaryotes
Eukaryotes
Members of the domain Eukarya
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