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Study sets matching "organelles"

10 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 7 semester review part 1
What advance in technology made the di…
Hhow do you calculate magnification
What is magnification and resolution
List the principles of the cell theory
Microscopes
Ocular(10x) x objective(4x,10x,40x) = total magnification
Magnification - how big... Resolution - how clear
1. All living organisms are made of 1 or more cell... 2. Cells a…
What advance in technology made the di…
Microscopes
Hhow do you calculate magnification
Ocular(10x) x objective(4x,10x,40x) = total magnification
32 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell cycle
Prophase
Telophase
Metaphase
Interphase
The first stage of division. The chromosomes become visible a…
The final stage of cell division. The chromosomes move to opp…
The second stage of cell division. The chromosomes become att…
Consist of DNA being duplicated, growth of cell, million of p…
Prophase
The first stage of division. The chromosomes become visible a…
Telophase
The final stage of cell division. The chromosomes move to opp…
12 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio Organelles
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Found in both animal and plant cells... Controls what enters and…
Found in both animal and plant cells... "Boss" controls the cell…
Found in both animal and plant cells... "Jelly" that holds the c…
Found in both animal and plant cells... "Power house" provided e…
Cell Membrane
Found in both animal and plant cells... Controls what enters and…
Nucleus
Found in both animal and plant cells... "Boss" controls the cell…
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
honors bio plant cell & chloroplast
cell membrane
cytoplasm
endoplasmic reticulum (E.R.)
golgi apparatus
s- made of a bilayer of phospholipids... f- separates inside fro…
s- semi transparent gelatinous fluid; contains enzymes, ribos…
s- network of tubules and vesicles; 2 types- smooth (has ribo…
s- membrane bound stacks with enzymes... f- repackage and transf…
cell membrane
s- made of a bilayer of phospholipids... f- separates inside fro…
cytoplasm
s- semi transparent gelatinous fluid; contains enzymes, ribos…
7 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Organelle Analogies for Cell Test
waste disposal
packaging center
store room
assembly line
lysosome
golgi body
vacuole
nucleolous
waste disposal
lysosome
packaging center
golgi body
71 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology EOC study guide
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria produce water from oxygen…
To control what enters and leaves the…
Electrons and other gases
Which features do prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells share?
One difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts is
What is the function of the cell membrane?
Electron cloud is the predicted location for
Cytoplasm
Which features do prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells share?
Mitochondria produce water from oxygen…
One difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts is
33 termscreated on December 8, 2016
First Semester Biology
As a cell becomes larger it's ...
What are problems a cell has from growth
What is not a way cell division helps…
What event occurs during interphase
Volume increases faster than its surface area
DNA overload getting enough food expelling wastes
It increases the mass of original cell
Cell growth
As a cell becomes larger it's ...
Volume increases faster than its surface area
What are problems a cell has from growth
DNA overload getting enough food expelling wastes
10 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell structures
Synthesizes polypeptides and proteins
Contains ribosomes, involved in the sy…
Digests macromolecules
Protects the cell and regulates flow o…
Ribosome
Rough ER
Lysosomes
Plasma membrane
Synthesizes polypeptides and proteins
Ribosome
Contains ribosomes, involved in the sy…
Rough ER
40 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Cell
Cell theory
Nucleus
Eukaryote
Collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separa…
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
The center of the Atom which contains the protons and neutron…
Organisms whose cells contain nuclei
Cell
Collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separa…
Cell theory
Idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
64 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cells Test
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Organelles
Cell Wall
A cell that does not have a nucleus (Unicellular bacteria)
Any cell containing a true nucleus (Makes up organisms from u…
The membrane-bound specialized structures in a cell that carr…
Surrounds the cell membrane in plant cells; made of a rigid c…
Prokaryotic Cell
A cell that does not have a nucleus (Unicellular bacteria)
Eukaryotic Cell
Any cell containing a true nucleus (Makes up organisms from u…
31 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology quiz 1
Cytoplasm
Multi-cellular organism
Asexual reproduction
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)
Area inside the cell membrane
Organism made of one or more cells
Reproductive process that makes clones from one parent
Organelle that stores calcium and detoxifies poisons
Cytoplasm
Area inside the cell membrane
Multi-cellular organism
Organism made of one or more cells
17 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bioenergetics
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Organism that can make its own food
Organism that must consume other organisms for energy
Process of transforming solar energy into stored chemical ene…
Green organelle in plants that is the site of photosynthesis
Autotroph
Organism that can make its own food
Heterotroph
Organism that must consume other organisms for energy
32 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology 2
A double membrane encloses a folded in…
Mitchondria
Golgi apparatus
Golgi apparatus
Mitochondria
A double membrane encloses a folded inner membrane called "cr…
A system of flattened membranous sacs
A system of flattened membranous sacs
A double membrane encloses a folded in…
Mitochondria
Mitchondria
A double membrane encloses a folded inner membrane called "cr…
24 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell Organelles
Cell
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
Cell Membrane
Basic unit (building block) of life
Cell with a true nucleus separating the DNA from the rest of…
Cell lacking a true nucleus that has free-floating DNA (ex: b…
Border patrol of the cell that separates the interior of the…
Cell
Basic unit (building block) of life
Eukaryote
Cell with a true nucleus separating the DNA from the rest of…
14 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell cycle
Interphase
G1
S
G2
1st stage of cell cycle;during which a cell grows,matures, an…
Cell is growing- DNA spread out as chromatin
copy DNA
make organelles and molecules needed for cell division
Interphase
1st stage of cell cycle;during which a cell grows,matures, an…
G1
Cell is growing- DNA spread out as chromatin
42 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 10 Biology
2 main reasons why cells divide rather…
Information overload
What things enter and exit the the cel…
Surface area formula
1) the larger the cell, the more demands the cell places on i…
If a cell gets to big: as a cell increases in size, it's DNA…
Food, oxygen, water: the rate at which this exchange takes pl…
L x w x s
2 main reasons why cells divide rather…
1) the larger the cell, the more demands the cell places on i…
Information overload
If a cell gets to big: as a cell increases in size, it's DNA…
41 termscreated on December 8, 2016
The cell cycle
Cell cycle
G1
G2
Synthesis
The series of changes a cell undergoes from the time it forms…
Part of interphase where cell grows in size
Part of interphase were cell division organelles are dividing
Part of interphase when the genetic material replicates
Cell cycle
The series of changes a cell undergoes from the time it forms…
G1
Part of interphase where cell grows in size
64 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cells Test
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Organelles
Cell Wall
A cell that does not have a nucleus (Unicellular bacteria)
Any cell containing a true nucleus (Makes up organisms from u…
The membrane-bound specialized structures in a cell that carr…
Surrounds the cell membrane in plant cells; made of a rigid c…
Prokaryotic Cell
A cell that does not have a nucleus (Unicellular bacteria)
Eukaryotic Cell
Any cell containing a true nucleus (Makes up organisms from u…
27 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology chapter 4
Prokaryotes
What 3 things do proks and euks have i…
Ribosomes
Nucleus
Single cell organisms. No nucleus
Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and ribosomes
Translate nucleotide sequence of mRNA into polypeptide chain
Location of DNA replication and transcription. Ribosomes asse…
Prokaryotes
Single cell organisms. No nucleus
What 3 things do proks and euks have i…
Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and ribosomes
140 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Exam
Science
Biology
Independant Variable
Dependent Variable
The study of physical and natural world through observation a…
Study of life
Factor deliberately manipulated
Factor that changes the result of the manipulation
Science
The study of physical and natural world through observation a…
Biology
Study of life
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cells test
cell
cytoplasm
cell wall
cell membrane
The smallest unit that can perform all the ... Processes necessa…
jelly-like substance that lubricates and fills in empty space…
A rigid structure that gives support to a cell
A protective surface that covers the cell's surface and acts…
cell
The smallest unit that can perform all the ... Processes necessa…
cytoplasm
jelly-like substance that lubricates and fills in empty space…
7 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Quiz
The process of photosynthesis occurs i…
The process of cellular respiration oc…
What is ATP?
What is the goal (purpose) of photosyn…
Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplast organelles
Cellular respiration takes place in the organelles called mit…
The energy currency of life
is to produce a form of chemical energy (glucose) which can b…
The process of photosynthesis occurs i…
Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplast organelles
The process of cellular respiration oc…
Cellular respiration takes place in the organelles called mit…
12 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Science test 9
Neutral
Deoxyribose
Golgi body
Chromatid
The effect of a mutation that does not change the way a gene…
The sugar in a DNA nucleotide
Organelle that chemically sorts, alters and repackages proteins
One side of a visible "X" shaped chromosome
Neutral
The effect of a mutation that does not change the way a gene…
Deoxyribose
The sugar in a DNA nucleotide
75 termscreated on December 8, 2016
science
no
pellicle
drinking or eating contaminated food o…
yes
do deserts harbor any species of Protista?
what is the name for the flexible, tough, outer membrane eugl…
how is amoebic dysentery spread from person to person?
does trypanosoma need a second host to infect?
no
do deserts harbor any species of Protista?
pellicle
what is the name for the flexible, tough, outer membrane eugl…
14 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell Organisms
Cell Wall*
Cell Membrane
Cytoskeleton
Endoplasmic Reticulum
A rigid layer of nonlicing material that surrounds the cells…
An organism that controls what substances come into and out o…
Skeleton of a cell.
Carries proteins to different parts of the cell.
Cell Wall*
A rigid layer of nonlicing material that surrounds the cells…
Cell Membrane
An organism that controls what substances come into and out o…
20 termscreated on December 8, 2016
6th grade biology review
Abiotic
Biotic
Organism
Population
Something that is not alive and was never alive
Something that is alive or was once alive
One single living thing
A group of the same living thing
Abiotic
Something that is not alive and was never alive
Biotic
Something that is alive or was once alive
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 10 Section 4 Biology Vocabulary
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
transcription
translation
protein synthesis
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
transcription
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
35 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Chapter 7 Test (Exam)
Diffusion rate depends on
Studying a picture of a cell taken wit…
placing a plant into a hypertonic envi…
only eukaryotic cells have
Kinetic energy
prokaryote
cause osmotic pressure to decrease
membrane-bound organelles
Diffusion rate depends on
Kinetic energy
Studying a picture of a cell taken wit…
prokaryote
94 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Guizzo First Sem. Final
Which of the following does evolution…
Which of the following is the heredita…
Which of the following does the hierar…
To which of the following does the res…
C
A
C
A
Which of the following does evolution…
C
Which of the following is the heredita…
A
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Organelles
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
Nucleolus
Ribosomes
Controls cellular activity and contains DNA
Surrounds the nucleus allowing certain materials to enter and…
Synthesizes (produces) DNA for the ribosomes to make proteins
Protein synthesis occurs here
Nucleus
Controls cellular activity and contains DNA
Nuclear Membrane
Surrounds the nucleus allowing certain materials to enter and…
13 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Science
Cell
Cell membrane
Organelles
Nucleus
Basic unit of life
A protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as…
Are structures that perform specific functions within the cell
DNA is enclosed inside an organelle called nucleus
Cell
Basic unit of life
Cell membrane
A protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as…
11 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Science terms 12/7
Atp
Chlorophyll
Chloroplasts
Autotroph
The process of turning sunlight into chemical energy
The organelle that turns plants green.
Provides nutrients for the plant
Something that can provide nutrition for itself
Atp
The process of turning sunlight into chemical energy
Chlorophyll
The organelle that turns plants green.
18 termscreated on December 8, 2016
mitosis quiz
interphase
prophase
anaphase
metaphase
g1, S, g2
the chromosomes become visible, the centrioles take up positi…
the chromosomes separate and begin to move to opposite sides…
the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell
interphase
g1, S, g2
prophase
the chromosomes become visible, the centrioles take up positi…
38 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Case 21
Why is skepticism in important part of…
What is the difference between qualita…
What is an inference
What is a observation
And allows for the formation of new theories bar considering…
Qualitative data is descriptive and quantitative data measure…
Is a conclusion based on prior knowledge
And observation is information gathered through the senses
Why is skepticism in important part of…
And allows for the formation of new theories bar considering…
What is the difference between qualita…
Qualitative data is descriptive and quantitative data measure…
55 termscreated on December 8, 2016
AP Bio Ch 6 & 7
cell fractionation
cytosol
eukaryotic cell
prokaryotic cell
a useful technique for studying cell structure and function w…
a semifluid, jellylike substance in which subcelluar componen…
an animal, plant, protist, or fungi cell in which most of the…
a bacteria cell in which the DNA is concentrated in a region…
cell fractionation
a useful technique for studying cell structure and function w…
cytosol
a semifluid, jellylike substance in which subcelluar componen…
430 termscreated on December 8, 2016
HNR241 Final Exam Review
Prions
Viruses
Bacteria
Protozoa
misfolded folded proteins
DNA/RNA in a protein capsule
Single-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus or…
Motile unicellular eukaryotic organisms that have a membrane-…
Prions
misfolded folded proteins
Viruses
DNA/RNA in a protein capsule
12 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Photosynthesis Vocab 2
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
Photosynthesis
Mitochondria
An elongated cell organelle containing chlorophyll where phot…
A green molecule which uses light energy from sunlight to cha…
A process by which plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon…
Rod-shaped organelles with a double membrane which converts t…
Chloroplast
An elongated cell organelle containing chlorophyll where phot…
Chlorophyll
A green molecule which uses light energy from sunlight to cha…
125 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Exam for Science Vocabulary
orgnaism
stimulus
sexual reproduction
controlled experiment
a living thing
any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
a reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
an experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a…
orgnaism
a living thing
stimulus
any change or signal in the environment that can make an orga…
64 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cells Test
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Organelles
Cell Wall
A cell that does not have a nucleus (Unicellular bacteria)
Any cell containing a true nucleus (Makes up organisms from u…
The membrane-bound specialized structures in a cell that carr…
Surrounds the cell membrane in plant cells; made of a rigid c…
Prokaryotic Cell
A cell that does not have a nucleus (Unicellular bacteria)
Eukaryotic Cell
Any cell containing a true nucleus (Makes up organisms from u…
19 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio Ch 10 SG
Why do cells divide? Why can't they ju…
Draw and label the following parts of…
What are the two types of factors that…
What do cyclins do in the cell cycle?…
-cells divides to allow organisms to grow and become larger,…
...
1. Internal regulators- cyclins... 2. External regulators- growt…
-cyclins are family of proteins regulating cell cycle... -regula…
Why do cells divide? Why can't they ju…
-cells divides to allow organisms to grow and become larger,…
Draw and label the following parts of…
...
25 termscreated on December 8, 2016
H. Biology Midterm Set
Definition of Biology
What is life (8 characteristics)
Levels of Organization (from Atom to B…
Ecologist
"The study of life" or "the study of living things, including…
Feeding, Excretion, Respiration, Growth, Movement, Sensitivit…
Atom < Inorganic molecule < Organic Molecule < Organelle < Ce…
Studies from organism to biosphere
Definition of Biology
"The study of life" or "the study of living things, including…
What is life (8 characteristics)
Feeding, Excretion, Respiration, Growth, Movement, Sensitivit…
60 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Quiz 12 Terms
aerobic cellular respiration
anaerobic cellular respiration
asexual reproduction
growth
turning food into energy with the use of oxygen
turning food into energy without the use of oxygen
creating more organisms with the involvement of one parent
increase in cell size or number
aerobic cellular respiration
turning food into energy with the use of oxygen
anaerobic cellular respiration
turning food into energy without the use of oxygen
28 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio 205 Practice Exam 3
The most common evidence of being "ali…
Endoplasmic Reticulum: Prokaryotic, Eu…
Cytoplasm: Prokaryotic, Eukaryotic, or…
DNA in Nucleus: Prokaryotic, Eukaryoti…
Pyruvic acid produced during glycolysis.
Eukaryotic cells only.
Both Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic.
Eukaryotic cells only.
The most common evidence of being "ali…
Pyruvic acid produced during glycolysis.
Endoplasmic Reticulum: Prokaryotic, Eu…
Eukaryotic cells only.
22 termscreated on December 8, 2016
chapter 6
why are cells small? explain why the s…
consider the relative size of differen…
describe the three factors that affect…
what are some examples of microscopy?…
...
...
...
...
why are cells small? explain why the s…
...
consider the relative size of differen…
...
28 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Viruses
Host
Bacteria
Vaccine/Drugs
Virus
An organism that harbors another organism inside or near thei…
a single-celled microorganism that does not have a nucleus or…
Weakened state or dead virus injected to create an immune sys…
Extremely small infectious agent that is metabolically inert…
Host
An organism that harbors another organism inside or near thei…
Bacteria
a single-celled microorganism that does not have a nucleus or…
30 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Quiz
What is a cell
What is an Organelle?
Robert Hooke
Robert Brown
A cell is the basic unit of life
Organelles are the tiny structures in a cell that carry out j…
Using a microscope of his own design, observed thin slices of…
Saw a dark dense blob and called it the Nucleus
What is a cell
A cell is the basic unit of life
What is an Organelle?
Organelles are the tiny structures in a cell that carry out j…
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Photosynthesis Quiz
Epidermis (Upper and Lower)
Palisade Layer
Spongy Mesophyll
Cuticle
protects the leaf from disease, and helps retain water
where most light is absorbed so it's where most photosynthesi…
Some light absorption and a little photosynthesis... Main functi…
a waxy layer that prevents water loss... made of lipids
Epidermis (Upper and Lower)
protects the leaf from disease, and helps retain water
Palisade Layer
where most light is absorbed so it's where most photosynthesi…
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
open note cell crusty fcking quiz
nucleus
mitochondria
golgi apparatus
vacuole
where genetic information is stored in cells
bean shaped organelle that supplies energy for the cell. the…
organelle that processes, sorts, delivers, and packages prote…
sac that stores water, food molecules, inorganic ions and enz…
nucleus
where genetic information is stored in cells
mitochondria
bean shaped organelle that supplies energy for the cell. the…
38 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Cell Terms
Cell
Cell Theory
Magnification
Field of View
The basic structural and functional unit of life.
The theory that states that all living things consist of cells.
In which the appearance of a specimen is enlarged.
The visible area of the specimen seen through a microscope.
Cell
The basic structural and functional unit of life.
Cell Theory
The theory that states that all living things consist of cells.
19 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Science Vocab C1
cell
cell membrane
organelle
nucleus
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
a phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface; acts as a…
one of the small bodies in a cell's cytoplasm that are specia…
in a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contain…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell membrane
a phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface; acts as a…
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