Study sets matching "organelles"

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Study sets matching "organelles"

98 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Human Anatomy Semester 1 Exam
Define tissue:
Define histology:
4 examples of connective tissue:
Functions of connective tissue? (4)
Cells working together to perform a common function
study of tissue
1. Cartilage... 2. Blood... 3. Bone... 4. Adipose (fat)
1. Binds structures together ... 2. Provdies structure & suppor…
Define tissue:
Cells working together to perform a common function
Define histology:
study of tissue
64 termscreated on January 20, 2017
MSK35 - Overview of Skin
epidermis is what type of layer?... cell…
epidermolysis bullosa simplex
describe keratinocyte (KC) development
basal layer (stratum basale)
stratified squamous epithelium; turnover - 30d... keratinocyte…
inherited mechanobullous disorder ... *keratin 5 or keratin 14…
undergo keratinization: sequentially change composition of…
1. proliferating keratinocytes (stem cells) ... 2. non-prolifera…
epidermis is what type of layer?... cell…
stratified squamous epithelium; turnover - 30d... keratinocyte…
epidermolysis bullosa simplex
inherited mechanobullous disorder ... *keratin 5 or keratin 14…
30 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Cellular Respiration Test
cell theory
Cell
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
All living things are made up of cells... Cells are the smallest…
The smallest unit that is capable of performing life function…
Do not have structures surrounded by membranes (not membrane…
Contain organelles surrounded by membranes ... Most living organ…
cell theory
All living things are made up of cells... Cells are the smallest…
Cell
The smallest unit that is capable of performing life function…
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Genes
Cell nucleus
Asexual reproduction
Offspring
Gene
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA
reproduction not requiring fertilization; only involves one p…
a new organism that is the product of reproduction
the basic unit of heredity in a living organism; a segment of…
Cell nucleus
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA
Asexual reproduction
reproduction not requiring fertilization; only involves one p…
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
GENES
Cell Nucleus
Asexual Reproduction
Offspring
Gene
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA (plural: nuc…
reproduction not requiring fertilization; only involves one p…
a new organism that is the product of reproduction
the basic unit of heredity in a living organism; a segment of…
Cell Nucleus
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA (plural: nuc…
Asexual Reproduction
reproduction not requiring fertilization; only involves one p…
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Genes
Cell nucleus
Asexual reproduction
Off-spring
Gene
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA (plural: nuc…
reproduction not requiring fertilization; only involves one p…
a new organism that is the product of reproduction
the basic unit of heredity in a living organism; a segment of…
Cell nucleus
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA (plural: nuc…
Asexual reproduction
reproduction not requiring fertilization; only involves one p…
18 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Unit 1 - Cell Structure and Function
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Control group
Cell membrane
A variable whose variation does not depend on that of another.
A variable whose value depends on that of another.
The group in an experiment or study that does not receive tre…
The semipermeable membrane surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell.
Independent variable
A variable whose variation does not depend on that of another.
Dependent variable
A variable whose value depends on that of another.
33 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology CH 7
What enabled researchers to see cells…
Robert Hooke named the ______ he obser…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek was the first to…
Cells are the ______
The invention of the microscope
Empty chambers
Living organisms
Basic units of life
What enabled researchers to see cells…
The invention of the microscope
Robert Hooke named the ______ he obser…
Empty chambers
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology - Chapter 1 Vocab
Cytoplasm
Eukaryote
Eukaryotic cell
Nucleus
Where organelles are mostly found!
Contains Nuclei and Organelles!
A type of cell with an enclosed organelles membrane!
Is the DNA!
Cytoplasm
Where organelles are mostly found!
Eukaryote
Contains Nuclei and Organelles!
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Genes
Cell nucleus
Asexual reproduction
Off spring
Gene
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA (plural: nuc…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
Proli... New living things that parents produce or the young of…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Cell nucleus
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA (plural: nuc…
Asexual reproduction
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
64 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Science Finals Vocabulary
Active transport
Allele
Asexual reproduction
Autotrophs
The movement of materials across a cell membrane using cellul…
The different forms of a gene.
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
An organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or c…
Active transport
The movement of materials across a cell membrane using cellul…
Allele
The different forms of a gene.
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Genes
Cell nucleus
Asexual reproduction
Offspring
Gene
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA
reproduction not requiring fertilization; only involves one p…
a new organism that is the product of reproduction
the basic unit of heredity in a living organism; a segment of…
Cell nucleus
an organelle in a cell that holds the cell's DNA
Asexual reproduction
reproduction not requiring fertilization; only involves one p…
15 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Science
What is a trough
Neutrons
Nucleus
Ribosomes
The lowest point of a wave
1 up 2 down
Creates ribosomes
Pack and creates proteins
What is a trough
The lowest point of a wave
Neutrons
1 up 2 down
15 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Cell organelles
Ribosome
Mitochondria
Vacouls
Endoplasm
Pack proteins
Covets glucuse in to energy
Waste storage
Holds ribosome
Ribosome
Pack proteins
Mitochondria
Covets glucuse in to energy
13 termscreated on January 20, 2017
BIO EXAM 1 CHPT 1-9
Biology
What is life?
Spontaneous Generation
Shared molecular "alphabet" of four le…
The scientific study of life; ... Building Blocks of Life... Cell B…
What living things do;... life possesses order... life displays evo…
Until well into the 1800's it was commonly thought that livin…
A - Adenine... T - Thymine... C - Cytosine ... G - Guanine... -> Amino Ac…
Biology
The scientific study of life; ... Building Blocks of Life... Cell B…
What is life?
What living things do;... life possesses order... life displays evo…
21 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Cell biology strand 2
Cell
Cell wall
Central vacuole
Centriole
The smallest unit of life
Surrounds the cell in plants and gives structural support
Large vacuole found in plants that stores mostly water
Found in animal cells and helps in cell division
Cell
The smallest unit of life
Cell wall
Surrounds the cell in plants and gives structural support
54 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Unit 1
Organelles
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Extracellular
Specialized structures within cells that perform specific fun…
living material surrounding the central nucleus and bounded b…
Outermost component of a cell, selective barrier, encloses cy…
material outside cell
Organelles
Specialized structures within cells that perform specific fun…
Cytoplasm
living material surrounding the central nucleus and bounded b…
40 termscreated on January 20, 2017
3. Cells and Tissues
What did Robert Hooke create?
What are cells?
There are 4 elements that make up cell…
What is contained in a generalized cell?
Cells
The basic biologic unit of all living organisms
Hydrogen and nitrogen
A nucleus, cytoplasm, and a plasma membrane
What did Robert Hooke create?
Cells
What are cells?
The basic biologic unit of all living organisms
11 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Quiz 1: Nerves and Nerve Conduction
What are the 3 parts of a nerve cell?
Cell body is composed of:
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
- Cell body... - Dendrites... - Axons
Nucleus and Cytoplasm
- Contains DNA and genetic info... - Ribosomes play a part in p…
- Contains protein molecules and watery substance with organe…
What are the 3 parts of a nerve cell?
- Cell body... - Dendrites... - Axons
Cell body is composed of:
Nucleus and Cytoplasm
52 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bio Chapter 7
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Matthais Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
First person to identify and see a cell
One of the first people to use a microscope
All plants are made of cells
All animals are made of cells
Robert Hooke
First person to identify and see a cell
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
One of the first people to use a microscope
12 termscreated on January 20, 2017
bio vocab
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Carbohydrates
Pigment
The process that converts light energy into chemical energy t…
Organelle that absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synt…
(C, H, O) Fast energy, Energy storage, Raw material, Structural
color examples yellow, blue, and green ect.
Photosynthesis
The process that converts light energy into chemical energy t…
Chloroplast
Organelle that absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synt…
35 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Energy, Photsynthesis, and Respiration
The main energy-trapping molecule in p…
Sunlight energy is trapped by chloroph…
Chlorophyll traps
Energy is released from ATP when
Chlorphyll
thylakoid membrane
sunlight energy
a bond is broken between the last two phosphate group
The main energy-trapping molecule in p…
Chlorphyll
Sunlight energy is trapped by chloroph…
thylakoid membrane
26 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 29: Protists
Eukaryotic Organisms
Evidence for Endosymbiosis
Protists
Excavata
Have cytoskeleton and compartmentalization, occurred 1.5 BYA
1. DNA inside mitochondria and chloroplasts... 2. Ribosomes in m…
First eukaryotes... NOT fungi, plants, or animals... Unicellular, c…
Contains parabasalids, diplomonads, and euglenozoans
Eukaryotic Organisms
Have cytoskeleton and compartmentalization, occurred 1.5 BYA
Evidence for Endosymbiosis
1. DNA inside mitochondria and chloroplasts... 2. Ribosomes in m…
73 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Anatomy Final Semester One
What cell structure contains the cell'…
What organelle breaks down compounds i…
What organelle converts the chemical e…
The thin flexible barrier around the c…
nucleus
Lysosome
Mitochondria
Cell membrane
What cell structure contains the cell'…
nucleus
What organelle breaks down compounds i…
Lysosome
143 termscreated on January 20, 2017
A&P Chapter 3: The Cell
active transport
amphipathic
anaphase
anticodon
form of transport across the cell membrane that requires inpu…
describes a molecule that exhibits a difference in polarity b…
third stage of mitosis (and meiosis), during which sister chr…
consecutive sequence of three nucleotides on a tRNA molecule…
active transport
form of transport across the cell membrane that requires inpu…
amphipathic
describes a molecule that exhibits a difference in polarity b…
5 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Science Flashcards
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Cell wall
Organelle
Outer covering
Inside every cell is a gelatin like material
Tough, rigid, outer coverings that protect the cell and give…
Within the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells are structures
Cell membrane
Outer covering
Cytoplasm
Inside every cell is a gelatin like material
11 termscreated on January 20, 2017
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis
Chloroplast
Chlorophyll
Carbon Dioxide (Co2)
The process that converts light energy into chemical energy t…
Organelle that absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synt…
Green pigments located in membranes within the chloroplasts o…
What provides carbon atoms that are incorporated into sugar m…
Photosynthesis
The process that converts light energy into chemical energy t…
Chloroplast
Organelle that absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synt…
12 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Manago Final Semester 2
What is not a problem for aerobic cells?
what happens when a cell divides?
two main stages of cell division are....
Centromeres are....
Excess oxygen, insufficient waste absorption
each daughter cell recieves its own copy of the parents DNA
Mitosis and cytokinesis
in between 2 sister chromatids
What is not a problem for aerobic cells?
Excess oxygen, insufficient waste absorption
what happens when a cell divides?
each daughter cell recieves its own copy of the parents DNA
17 termscreated on January 20, 2017
NROS310 Study Questions
Function of the endoplasmic reticulum
Function of ribosomes
Function of peroxisomes
Function of lysosomes
folds proteins and transports synthesized proteins to Golgi a…
make protein
Break down long fatty acid chains and send them to mitochondr…
Digest excess or worn out organelles and food particles
Function of the endoplasmic reticulum
folds proteins and transports synthesized proteins to Golgi a…
Function of ribosomes
make protein
8 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Acc Biology levels of organization
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Level 4
element (hydrogen)
molecule
organelle (mitochondria)
cell (unicellular-multicellular)
Level 1
element (hydrogen)
Level 2
molecule
24 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bioooooology
What cell size is better and why
Mitosis
Chromosomes
Histones
Smaller, less energy needed for food transport
nuclear cell division
carry genetic info in cells, 50% DNA 50% proteins
keep DNA tangle free
What cell size is better and why
Smaller, less energy needed for food transport
Mitosis
nuclear cell division
49 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Microbiology First lecture
Microbiology
Microorganism
Infectious Disease
Infection
The study of microorganisms and microbes
Organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye. A…
Any of the many diseases or illnesses that can be transmitted…
The pathological state resulting from the invasion of the bod…
Microbiology
The study of microorganisms and microbes
Microorganism
Organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye. A…
129 termscreated on January 20, 2017
BIO 112 (UZH)
GFP
STED
DNS/DNA
Polymerisation
Green fluorescent protein
Stimulated emission depletion (Fluoreszenzmikroskopie)
Desoxyribonukleinsäure/Desoxyribonucleinacid
Synthesereaktion, gleiche oder unterschiedliche Monomere zu P…
GFP
Green fluorescent protein
STED
Stimulated emission depletion (Fluoreszenzmikroskopie)
8 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bio-cells
Vacuole
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Storage place
Entire portion of cell outside nucleus
Site which converts glucose into ATP, a cells usable form of…
Contains controls or instructions for entire cell - DNA
Vacuole
Storage place
Cytoplasm
Entire portion of cell outside nucleus
9 termscreated on January 20, 2017
S 1.1 Describe the general anatomy and physiology of the human
anatomical position
cell
cellular functions include:
directional terminology
standard body position
basic structural unit of a living organism
growth, metabolism, replication, protein synthesis, movement
words used to explain relationships of locations of anatomica…
anatomical position
standard body position
cell
basic structural unit of a living organism
51 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 8 Review Biology I
What are the main differences between…
How many chromosomes are located in hu…
Karyotype
What is the difference between asexual…
Prokaryote: has only 1 chromosome; it is simple and circular…
23
a picto-micrograph of the number of chromosomes in a cell ... it…
Asexual- requires only one parent ... Sexual-requires the combin…
What are the main differences between…
Prokaryote: has only 1 chromosome; it is simple and circular…
How many chromosomes are located in hu…
23
18 termscreated on January 20, 2017
DNA Test/ Bushnell
Name the parts of DNA....
nitrogen containing molecule of DNA
nucleic acid that instructs protein pr…
building block of DNA
phosphate group, sugar, nitrogen base, nucleotide
nitrogen base
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleotide
Name the parts of DNA....
phosphate group, sugar, nitrogen base, nucleotide
nitrogen containing molecule of DNA
nitrogen base
15 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter2 "Cells"
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cell Wall
Organelles
An outer covering that all cells have.
A gel like material that surrounds all parts of a cell.
The outer layer of a cell. It protects it and controls what g…
Structures within eukaryotic cells.
Cell Membrane
An outer covering that all cells have.
Cytoplasm
A gel like material that surrounds all parts of a cell.
81 termscreated on January 20, 2017
body organization terminology
Anatomy
physiology
Gross Anatomy (aka: macroscopic)
Microscopic anatomy
the study of the structures of the body parts and their relat…
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how body…
the study of large body structures visible to the naked eye,…
deals with structures that are too small to be seen with the…
Anatomy
the study of the structures of the body parts and their relat…
physiology
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how body…
14 termscreated on January 20, 2017
anat and phys cell quiz
simple diffusion
facilitated diffusion
osmosis
Primary Active Transport
movement of particles down a concentration gradient... -fats, ox…
movement of particles down a concentration gradient through t…
the diffusion of water across a permeable membrane... -water flo…
moving against the concentration gradient... -solute pump, sodiu…
simple diffusion
movement of particles down a concentration gradient... -fats, ox…
facilitated diffusion
movement of particles down a concentration gradient through t…
167 terms
created on January 20, 2017
ACT Science Vocabulary-MHS
Atria
Base (Alkalinity)
Calibration
Capillaries
Upper chambers of the heart
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
Any procedure used to evaluate the accuracy of a measurement…
Microscopic vessel through which exchanges take place between…
Atria
Upper chambers of the heart
Base (Alkalinity)
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
19 termscreated on January 20, 2017
CELLS, CELLULAR RESPIRATION, AND PHOTOSYNTHESIS
CELL
AUTOTROPH
HETEROTROPH
CELL THEORY
THE SMALLEST UNIT OF LIFE THAT FUNCTIONS.
ORGANISMS THAT MAKE THEIR OWN FOOD FOR ENERGY
ORGANISMS THAT OBTAIN ENERGY BY EATING OTHER ORGANISMS
ALL LIVING THINGS ARE COMPOSED OF CELLS, CELLS ARE THE BASIC…
CELL
THE SMALLEST UNIT OF LIFE THAT FUNCTIONS.
AUTOTROPH
ORGANISMS THAT MAKE THEIR OWN FOOD FOR ENERGY
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Honors bio ch. 7
Jansen
Hooke
schleiden
schwann
invented compound microscope
named cells using a cork
plants made of cells
animals made of cells
Jansen
invented compound microscope
Hooke
named cells using a cork
28 termscreated on January 20, 2017
HA&P Vocab Set 3
cyt
hypo
inter
iso
cell
low
between
equal
cyt
cell
hypo
low
7 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Cell Bio- Ch. 4: Cells and Organelles
Stanley Miller
Liposomes
Theory of first living cells
Why are cells so small?
Chemist interested in prebiotic evolution. He studied methane…
a structure that is spontaneous made from lipids. a circle.
Molecules (probably RNA) were trapped inside these liposomes.…
To maximize surface area to volume ratio. ... Smaller cells hav…
Stanley Miller
Chemist interested in prebiotic evolution. He studied methane…
Liposomes
a structure that is spontaneous made from lipids. a circle.
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle
Perimysium
epimysium
fiber
endomysium
connective tissue surrounding a fascicle
connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
a muscle cell
thin connective tissue investing each muscle cell
Perimysium
connective tissue surrounding a fascicle
epimysium
connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
24 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Biology chapter 10.1 and 10.2
cell division
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosomes
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
When offspring are produced by the fusion of special reproduc…
packages of DNA.
cell division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
asexual reproduction
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
12 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bio Organelles
microtubule
microfilamemt
centriole
mitochondria
hollow protein cylinders in cells for support
solid protein cylinders in cells for support
found in animal cells to help in cell division
transforms energy. POWERHOUSE.
microtubule
hollow protein cylinders in cells for support
microfilamemt
solid protein cylinders in cells for support
32 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Unit 2 Biology
In prokaryotic cells, the DNA is found…
In eukaryotic cells, mitochondria prod…
Which cell structures do all bacteria…
Most animals and plants have groups of…
a single loop
ATP
a cell wall
tissues
In prokaryotic cells, the DNA is found…
a single loop
In eukaryotic cells, mitochondria prod…
ATP
23 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Muscles- Anatomy
connective tissue surronding the fasicle
connective tissue ensheathing the enti…
contractile unit of a muscle
a muscle cell
periysium
epimysium
sarcomere
fiber
connective tissue surronding the fasicle
periysium
connective tissue ensheathing the enti…
epimysium
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