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Study sets matching "organic and inorganic chemistry acids"

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Study sets matching "organic and inorganic chemistry acids"

8 terms
Freshmen Chemistry: Inorganic Acids
Hydrochloric acid
Hydrobromic acid
Hydrogen sulfide
Phosphoric acid
H2S
Hydrochloric acid
Hydrobromic acid
22 terms
Organic and Inorganic Acids Table
HCl
H2SO4
H3O(+)
CH3COOH
Hydrochloric Acid
Sulfuric Acid
Hydronium Ion
Acetic Acid
HCl
Hydrochloric Acid
H2SO4
Sulfuric Acid
42 terms
Inorganic and Organic Chemistry
Organic Compounds
Electroneutral
Functional Groups
Hydroxyl Group
compounds containing carbon
due to this, carbon can always form covalent bonds
interactions with other molecules usually involve smaller, re…
OH-, occurs in sugars and alcohols
Organic Compounds
compounds containing carbon
Electroneutral
due to this, carbon can always form covalent bonds
41 terms
Inorganic and Organic Chemistry
Matter
Elements
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass Number
anything that occupies space and has mass
the simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties
number of protons
Sum of the masses of its protons and neutrons
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Elements
the simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties
34 terms
Inorganic and Organic Chemistry- Biology
reactants
products
inorganic compound
polar compound
the substance you put in to a chemical reaction; the ingredie…
the substance you get out of a chemical reaction; found on th…
substance that does not contain carbon and/ or is not derived…
a substance that has oppositely charged ends; one side has a…
reactants
the substance you put in to a chemical reaction; the ingredie…
products
the substance you get out of a chemical reaction; found on th…
95 terms
Inorganic and Organic Chemistry
Atom
Proton
Neutrons
Electrons
Everything is made up of these. There are three times of part…
An atomic particle found in nucleus, positively charged.
An atomic particle found in the nucleus, no charge.
An atomic particle, negatively charged.
Atom
Everything is made up of these. There are three times of part…
Proton
An atomic particle found in nucleus, positively charged.
22 terms
Organic and Inorganic Chemistry Review
Chitin
Glycogen
Cellulose
Starch
Polysaccharide
Polysaccharide
Polysaccharide
Polysaccharide
Chitin
Polysaccharide
Glycogen
Polysaccharide
18 terms
Inorganic and organic chemistry
Chemistry
4 states of matter
Matter
Lipids
The science of the structure and interactions of matter
Solid liquid gas plasma
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Function as... Padding and insulation. A long term energy sto…
Chemistry
The science of the structure and interactions of matter
4 states of matter
Solid liquid gas plasma
75 terms
Inorganic and organic chemistry review
Ose
Sucrose
Fat
Glycogen
Most sugars end in
Table sugar
Provide 2x the energy per gram than carbohydrates
Carbohydrate storage in animals
Ose
Most sugars end in
Sucrose
Table sugar
43 terms
inorganic/organic chemistry
heterogeneous
homogeneous
Double replacement
Single Replacement
Different all the way through the layers
the same
AB+CD=AD+BC
AB+C=AC+B
heterogeneous
Different all the way through the layers
homogeneous
the same
20 terms
Organic and inorganic chemistry
Organic molecule
Organic molecule
Organic molecuke
Inorganic molecule
Always contain carbon and hydrogen
Large molecules that serve as building blocks in body structu…
Carbohydrates, proteins, fats
Includes Water
Organic molecule
Always contain carbon and hydrogen
Organic molecule
Large molecules that serve as building blocks in body structu…
22 terms
Inorganic and organic chemistry
Amide
Acyl group
Amine
Analine
Inorganic compound created by a replacement reaction of ammon…
A group of compounds that have a double bond of oxygen to car…
A class of organic compounds created by replacement of the hy…
Oily poisonous liquid made by the reduction nitrobezene, typi…
Amide
Inorganic compound created by a replacement reaction of ammon…
Acyl group
A group of compounds that have a double bond of oxygen to car…
98 terms
Inorganic and Organic chemistry
Element
Proton (+)
Nuetron (n)
Electron (-)
Smallest unit that makes up matter.
Make up half of the nucleus and is the atomic number.
Make up half of the nucleus. (Atomic mass - atomic number)
Orbit the nucleus
Element
Smallest unit that makes up matter.
Proton (+)
Make up half of the nucleus and is the atomic number.
71 terms
Inorganic/Organic Chemistry
What are the two main areas of study i…
What is organic chemistry?
What is inorganic chemistry?
Water is considered what type of compo…
Organic and Inorganic Chemistry
The study of compounds that contain carbon-carbon bonds.
The study of compounds that do not contain carbon-carbon bonds.
Inorganic compound.
What are the two main areas of study i…
Organic and Inorganic Chemistry
What is organic chemistry?
The study of compounds that contain carbon-carbon bonds.
14 terms
Organic and Inorganic Chemistry Definitions
Lewis Base
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Lewis acid
Electron pair donor
Sharing of electrons between atoms
Transfer of electrons between oppositely charged ions
Electron pair acceptor
Lewis Base
Electron pair donor
Covalent bond
Sharing of electrons between atoms
39 terms
Inorganic and organic chemistry
Polar
Nonpolar
Molecule
Compound
A molecule that contains a surface charge (either positive, n…
A molecule that does not have a surface charge
Smallest unit of most compounds that displays all the propert…
A substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more…
Polar
A molecule that contains a surface charge (either positive, n…
Nonpolar
A molecule that does not have a surface charge
9 terms
biology inorganic and organic chemistry
Matter
Chemical substance
Element
Compound
Anything that takes up space
Matter that has a definite composition
Pure substance that can not be broken down
A substance that consists of two or more elements
Matter
Anything that takes up space
Chemical substance
Matter that has a definite composition
25 terms
Organic and Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Alkanes
Study of compounds that contains elements other than carbon a…
Brain of chemistry that focuses on carbon containing compound…
Organic compounds composed only of carbon and hydrogen
Contain ONLY carbon--carbon single bonds and (C--H bonds) ... E…
Organic Chemistry
Study of compounds that contains elements other than carbon a…
Inorganic Chemistry
Brain of chemistry that focuses on carbon containing compound…
16 terms
Chemistry. Organic Inorganic
Number of compounds: inorganic
Number of compounds: organic
Flammability:inorganic
Flammability: organic
Thousands
Millions
Most are not
Most are
Number of compounds: inorganic
Thousands
Number of compounds: organic
Millions
25 terms
Inorganic and Organic Chemistry quiz
an individual water molecule shows
what type of bond is based on the elec…
electrons carry a ____ charge
in Rutherford's experiments, alpha par…
polarity ... the ability to form hydrogen bonds ... heat resistance
ionic
negative
the mass and charge of the nucleus
an individual water molecule shows
polarity ... the ability to form hydrogen bonds ... heat resistance
what type of bond is based on the elec…
ionic
21 terms
Inorganic chemistry Acid & Bases
Hydrogen Iodide
Hydrogen Bromide
Hydrogen chloride
Hydrochloric acid
HI
HBr
HCL
HCL
Hydrogen Iodide
HI
Hydrogen Bromide
HBr
66 terms
Organic/Inorganic Chemistry
atom
element
molecule
compound
the smallest unit of matter that retains properties of the el…
a pure substance
2 or more atoms chemically bonded together
a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are che…
atom
the smallest unit of matter that retains properties of the el…
element
a pure substance
24 terms
Inorganic & organic chemistry
isotopes
compound
element
saturated
atoms of an element with different number of neutrons
two or more different elements combined
made up of one type of atom
no carbon carbon double bonds. Saturated with hydrogen
isotopes
atoms of an element with different number of neutrons
compound
two or more different elements combined
58 terms
Biology- Organic & Inorganic Chemistry
Nucleic Acid
Maltose
Sucrose
Lactose
Hereditary Molecule
Glucose + Glucose
Glucose + Fructose
Glucose + Galactose
Nucleic Acid
Hereditary Molecule
Maltose
Glucose + Glucose
39 terms
Inorganic Vs. Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Properties of Water
Organic Chemistry
Four major classes of organic compounds
Small molecules that don't contain C-H bonds (Ex. NaCl, H2O)
1. Stabilizes body temperature... 2. Protection... 3. Chemical Reac…
Large molecules containing C, Stores energy, C is always bond…
1. Carbohydrates... 2. Lipids... 3. Proteins... 4. Nucleic acids
Inorganic Chemistry
Small molecules that don't contain C-H bonds (Ex. NaCl, H2O)
Properties of Water
1. Stabilizes body temperature... 2. Protection... 3. Chemical Reac…
22 terms
Organic/Inorganic Chemistry
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Organic compound... Large carbs are built from sugar units... Livin…
Used to build carbohydrates... One sugar unit
Used to build carbohydrates... 2 sugar units
Used to build carbohydrates ... 3 sugar units
Carbohydrates
Organic compound... Large carbs are built from sugar units... Livin…
Monosaccharide
Used to build carbohydrates... One sugar unit
20 terms
Biomolecules: Inorganic/ Organic chemistry
What is inorganic chemistry?
What are inorganic molecules?
What is organic chemistry?
what are organic molecules
substances that don't contain carbon
They lack carbon and hydrogen chains and are often formed by…
Study of carbon containing substances. Those that are active…
They are based on carbon and hydrogen chains; structurally co…
What is inorganic chemistry?
substances that don't contain carbon
What are inorganic molecules?
They lack carbon and hydrogen chains and are often formed by…
5 terms
Organic/ Inorganic and Acid/Base/Salt
Acid
Base
Salt
Organic
H
OH
No H or OH
Comes from living things
Acid
H
Base
OH
23 terms
pKa for Organic & Inorganic Acids
CH3CH3
CH2=CH2
NH3
H2
51
44
38
35
CH3CH3
51
CH2=CH2
44
8 terms
Mineral Acids, Organic Acids, Inorganic Bases
What are the 4 mineral acids in the…
citrate
succinate
tartrate
1. HBr... 2. HCl... 3. H2SO4... 4. H3PO4
What are the 4 mineral acids in the…
1. HBr... 2. HCl... 3. H2SO4... 4. H3PO4
citrate
12 terms
Inorganic chemistry vs Organic chemistry
percent of inorganic chem
percent of organic chem (carbon compou…
Inorganic, ionic or covalent?
organic, ionic or covalent?
1%
99%
Ionic
covalent
percent of inorganic chem
1%
percent of organic chem (carbon compou…
99%
54 terms
Midterm Review 2: Inorganic and Organic Chemistry
a substance that cannot be broken down…
a particle of matter that cannot be fu…
the neutral charge subatomic particle…
the positively charged subatomic parti…
Element
Atom
Neutron
Proton
a substance that cannot be broken down…
Element
a particle of matter that cannot be fu…
Atom
25 terms
Quiz 2 Inorganic and Organic Chemistry
An individual water molecule shows ____.
What type of bond is based on the elec…
Electrons carry a ___ charge.
In Rutherford's experiments, alpha par…
polarity... the ability to form hydrogen bonds... heat resistance
ionic
negative
the mass and charge of the nucleus
An individual water molecule shows ____.
polarity... the ability to form hydrogen bonds... heat resistance
What type of bond is based on the elec…
ionic
25 terms
Inorganic Chemistry Acid/ Base Theory
Bronstead Acid
Bronstead Base
amphiprotic
strong acid
Hydrogen donor
Hydrogen acceptor
can act as either acid or base (like H₂O)
pka <0 Ka>1
Bronstead Acid
Hydrogen donor
Bronstead Base
Hydrogen acceptor
28 terms
Inorganic Chemistry - Acids, Bases, and Buffers
pH
Alkalinity
The 2 ions produced by the ionization…
Ionization of water formula:
a measure of the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
a quantitative measurement of the ability of an aqueous solut…
Hydroxide (OH-) and Hydronium (H3O+)
2(H2O)<->H3O+ + OH-
pH
a measure of the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
Alkalinity
a quantitative measurement of the ability of an aqueous solut…
45 terms
Organic and Inorganic Chemistry quiz #1
Strong acids and bases
Weak acids and bases
pH Scale: < 7 =
pH Scale > 7 =
dissociate completely in water
DO NOT dissociate completely in water
Acids
Bases
Strong acids and bases
dissociate completely in water
Weak acids and bases
DO NOT dissociate completely in water
77 terms
Chapter 2b: Inorganic and organic chemistry
Organic compounds
Exceptional organic compounds
Functional groups
Compounds containing carbon
CO2 and CO
Small reactive parts of organic compounds that interact with…
Organic compounds
Compounds containing carbon
Exceptional organic compounds
CO2 and CO
9 terms
MCAT: Organic and Inorganic Chemistry (ELECTROCHEMISTRY)
Electrolysis
Anode
Cathode
Electrolyte
> The potential/voltage input + the cell potential must be >…
place where oxidation happens (shoots out electrons)... *An Ox…
place where reduction happens (takes in electrons)... *Red Cat…
conduct electricity by the motion of ions.
Electrolysis
> The potential/voltage input + the cell potential must be >…
Anode
place where oxidation happens (shoots out electrons)... *An Ox…
13 terms
Inorganic and Organic Chemistry Notes - I
Inorganic Compound
Acid
Hydronium Ion Formation
Indicator
Compounds that do not contain the element carbon
Any substance that forms or releases hydronium ions in water
The acid donates a hydrogen to a water molecule to make a ... H3…
Any substance that changes color in the presence of another s…
Inorganic Compound
Compounds that do not contain the element carbon
Acid
Any substance that forms or releases hydronium ions in water
91 terms
Inorganic and Organic Chemistry Quiz: BIOLOGY
Chemistry
Element
Atom
Compound
Study of different elements and how they react to one another
A substance made out of one kind of atom
Smallest unit of an element before it starts losing its chara…
Two or more elements bonded to each other
Chemistry
Study of different elements and how they react to one another
Element
A substance made out of one kind of atom
BIO 264 inorganic/organic chemistry
Energy two types
Forms of energy
Three states of matter
Elements
Kinetic, which is energy in action, for example a roller coas…
Chemical, which is stored in bonds of chemical substances.... E…
Solid, liquid, and gas.Think she put in volume.
Unique substances that cannot be broken down by ordinary chem…
Energy two types
Kinetic, which is energy in action, for example a roller coas…
Forms of energy
Chemical, which is stored in bonds of chemical substances.... E…
72 terms
Unit 1: Introduction, Inorganic Chemistry, and Organic Chemistry
Quantitative Data
Qualitative Data
Proton
Neutron
can be measured in statistics and usually includes a number
Descriptive and does not include numbers
Positively charged, found in the nucleus
no charge, found in nucleus
Quantitative Data
can be measured in statistics and usually includes a number
Qualitative Data
Descriptive and does not include numbers
112 terms
Science Test (inorganic & organic chemistry)
What is matter?
What is matter made up of?
What are the smallest particles of an…
Name the 3 states of matter:
anything that takes up space and has mass
atoms
atoms
Solid... Liquid... Gas
What is matter?
anything that takes up space and has mass
What is matter made up of?
atoms
11 terms
Organic/Inorganic Chemistry Test QUESTIONS
Why is Carbon special?
what are monosaccharides made up of an…
what are disaccharides made up of and…
what are polysaccharides made up of an…
Because its in every organic substance
They contain 1 sugar unit. (ex. glucose, fructose)
"double sugar" contain 2 monosaccharides (ex. sucrose)
long polymer chain made up of simple sugar monomers. (ex. sta…
Why is Carbon special?
Because its in every organic substance
what are monosaccharides made up of an…
They contain 1 sugar unit. (ex. glucose, fructose)
14 terms
Biology Unit 2 Organic Chemistry: Organic and Inorganic Molecules
Carbohydrates
Amino Acids
Carbon dioxide
Water
Group of Organic Molecules:... -includes only C,H,O
Group of Organic Molecules:... -includes C,H,O, and any others... -…
Carbohydrates
Group of Organic Molecules:... -includes only C,H,O
Amino Acids
Group of Organic Molecules:... -includes C,H,O, and any others... -…
23 terms
pKa Values for some Organic and Inorganic Acids
Ethane (CH3CH3)
Ethylene (CH2--CH2)
Ammonia (NH3)
Hydrogen (H2)
51
44
38
35
Ethane (CH3CH3)
51
Ethylene (CH2--CH2)
44
16 terms
pKa values for some organic and inorganic acids
51
44
38
35
Ethanes
Ethylene
Ammonia
Hydrogen
51
Ethanes
44
Ethylene
12 terms
Organic Chemistry 8: Carboxylic Acids
Acidity of COOH
Substituents affecting acidity
Dicarboxylic Acids and Acidity
Synthesis of COOH
COOH are polar and can form H-bonds... their acidity is due to…
Substituents on carbon atoms near a carboxyl group influenc…
in Dicarboxylic acids, each -COOH group influences the other…
*COOH can be made by the oxidation of aldehydes and primary a…
Acidity of COOH
COOH are polar and can form H-bonds... their acidity is due to…
Substituents affecting acidity
Substituents on carbon atoms near a carboxyl group influenc…
10 terms
pKa Values for Organic and Inorganic Acids
Ethane (CH3CH3)
Ammonia (NH3)
Hydrogen (H2)
Acetylene (HC≡CH)
51
38
35
25
Ethane (CH3CH3)
51
Ammonia (NH3)
38
23 terms
pKa Values for Some Organic and Inorganic Acids
Ethane
Ethylene
Ammonia
Hydrogen
51
44
38
35
Ethane
51
Ethylene
44
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