Study sets matching "organic biological chemistry"

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Study sets matching "organic biological chemistry"

20 terms
Organic Chemistry of Biological Molecules
Glycine
Alanine
Proline
Valine
.
.
.
.
Glycine
.
Alanine
.
66 terms
General, Organic, & Biological Chemistry
Who is credited to the discover of ato…
Can atoms be divided?
Where are protons found?
Where are electrons found?
John Dalton and Democritus (Greek Philosopher)
no
in the nucleus
Outside the nucleus
Who is credited to the discover of ato…
John Dalton and Democritus (Greek Philosopher)
Can atoms be divided?
no
108 terms
Organic Chemistry And Biological Molecules
Contains carbon
Tetravalence
Carbon
Importance of tetravalence in carbon
organic molecules (any organism that is living)
forms up to 4 covalent bonds
# of valence electrons: 4... atomic number: 6... mass number: 12.01
Because carbon is tetravalent, it can make large, complex mol…
Contains carbon
organic molecules (any organism that is living)
Tetravalence
forms up to 4 covalent bonds
24 terms
Chapter 24: Organic and Biological Chemistry
organic chemistry
Alkanes
Isomers
Naming Alkanes
chemistry of carbon compounds
-single bonds that are saturated because it has the most hydr…
the molecular formula is the same, but the arrangement/order…
1. Find the longest continuous chain. ... 2. Number the carbons,…
organic chemistry
chemistry of carbon compounds
Alkanes
-single bonds that are saturated because it has the most hydr…
71 terms
Organic and Biological Chemistry
What is the functional group for alcoh…
What is the functional group for aldeh…
What is the functional group for keton…
What is the functional group for carbo…
The functional group is OH. These can be anywhere.
The functional group is CHO. These are terminal.
These have a CO functional group and are found in the middle.
The functional group is COOH. These are terminal.
What is the functional group for alcoh…
The functional group is OH. These can be anywhere.
What is the functional group for aldeh…
The functional group is CHO. These are terminal.
169 terms
General, Organic and Biological Chemistry; Final Exam
Which has higher melting and boiling p…
How can you determine the charge of th…
How can you determine the charge of th…
Do metals for anions or cations?
Ionic Bonds
Charge= Group Number (Column number)
Charge= Group number - 8
Cations
Which has higher melting and boiling p…
Ionic Bonds
How can you determine the charge of th…
Charge= Group Number (Column number)
11 terms
Organic & Biological Chemistry
Amine formula
Amine
Protonated form
Protonated amine
RNH₂, R₂NH, R₃N and are classified as primary, secondary and…
There is an unbonded pair of electrons on the nitrogen atom,…
When an amine molecule accepts a proton in this way, a positi…
are soluble in water. The strong ion-dipole bonds that form b…
Amine formula
RNH₂, R₂NH, R₃N and are classified as primary, secondary and…
Amine
There is an unbonded pair of electrons on the nitrogen atom,…
23 terms
Principals of General, Organic, & Biological Chemistry
dipole-dipole interactions
ion-dipole interaction
hydrogen bond
London forces
Intermolecular forces resulting from the attraction of opposi…
The attraction of an ion to a dipole in another molecule.
An attractive intermolecular force that occurs when a Hydroge…
Very weak intermolecular interactions due to the momentary ch…
dipole-dipole interactions
Intermolecular forces resulting from the attraction of opposi…
ion-dipole interaction
The attraction of an ion to a dipole in another molecule.
12 terms
general, organic, and biological chemistry
nitrite
Sulfite
hydroxide
sulfate
NO2^-
SO3^2-
OH-
SO4^2-
nitrite
NO2^-
Sulfite
SO3^2-
14 terms
Organic Chemistry Biological Molecules
Fatty Acid
Amino Acid
Monosaccharide
Nucleotide
Monomer of lipids; contains an acid group
Monomer of Proteins; contain and amine group and an acid group
Monomer of Carbohydrates
Monomer of Nucleic Acids
Fatty Acid
Monomer of lipids; contains an acid group
Amino Acid
Monomer of Proteins; contain and amine group and an acid group
17 terms
Biochemistry (Biological/Organic Chemistry)
Strings of carbon atoms covalently bou…
How many valence electrons do Carbon a…
Different structures arising from the…
Different arrangements of atoms
Carbon backbone
Four, and this allows them to combine in multiple configurati…
Isomers
Structural isomers
Strings of carbon atoms covalently bou…
Carbon backbone
How many valence electrons do Carbon a…
Four, and this allows them to combine in multiple configurati…
24 terms
Principles and Applications of Organic and Biological Chemistry
Organic Chemistry - History
Modern Organic Chemistry
Examples of Organic Compounds
Why is Carbon Unique?
Historically- compounds from living systems (plants and anima…
The study of *carbon compounds*... ∙ Some exceptions (ex: carbon…
foods (carbohydrates, fats, proteins), clothing (silk, linen,…
1. Forms *four* covalent bonds... 2. Bonds covalently to: H, O,…
Organic Chemistry - History
Historically- compounds from living systems (plants and anima…
Modern Organic Chemistry
The study of *carbon compounds*... ∙ Some exceptions (ex: carbon…
127 terms
General, Organic and Biological Chemistry Chapter 3
Ions
How are anions formed?
What does the symbolic notation of ato…
Heat is kinetic energy flowing from --…
Charged atoms (formed as a result of the loss or gain of elec…
When atoms gains electrons and it become negatively charged
The number of protons and neutrons present in that atom
A warmer body to a colder one
Ions
Charged atoms (formed as a result of the loss or gain of elec…
How are anions formed?
When atoms gains electrons and it become negatively charged
Chemistry II Organic and Biological Chemistry
Addition Reaction
Alcohol
Aldehyde
Alkane
An organic reaction in which a reagent adds to the multiple b…
An organic molecule that contains an -OH group
An organic molecule that contains one alkyl group and one hyd…
A compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen and has onl…
Addition Reaction
An organic reaction in which a reagent adds to the multiple b…
Alcohol
An organic molecule that contains an -OH group
Organic Chemistry of Biological Pathways I
Oxidoreductases
Transferases
Hydrolases
Lyases
Introduction of double bond/redox rxns... Dehydrogenases and Ox…
Transfer of phosphate group... Transfer of amino group... Kinases…
Hydrolysis of ester, phosphate, amide... Lipases... Nucleases... Pr…
Loss of CO2 or H2O... Decarboxylases... Dehydrases
Oxidoreductases
Introduction of double bond/redox rxns... Dehydrogenases and Ox…
Transferases
Transfer of phosphate group... Transfer of amino group... Kinases…
88 terms
General, Organic and Biological Chemistry Chapter 1 & 2
What type of radiation can only travel…
A ZERO is not a significant figure if…
What happens during alpha decay?
What are isotopes
Alpha
- if its at the beginning of a decimal number... - A placeholder…
The mass number of the isotope produced decreases by four and…
They are atoms with identical atomic numbers but with differe…
What type of radiation can only travel…
Alpha
A ZERO is not a significant figure if…
- if its at the beginning of a decimal number... - A placeholder…
135 terms
Ch. 24 - Organic and Biological Chemistry
organic chemisrty
3 main features characterize organic c…
Carbon general features... -A#(Z) = __... -_…
concatenation
carbon-containing compounds
1. carbon skeleton... 2. functional groups... 3. structural complex…
-A#(Z) = 6... -4 valence electrons [He]2s^2p^2... -forms mainly COV…
"linking as in a chain" results in thousands of carbon skelet…
organic chemisrty
carbon-containing compounds
3 main features characterize organic c…
1. carbon skeleton... 2. functional groups... 3. structural complex…
Organic chemistry and Biological molecules-done
What makes an organic molecule
CHON
Dehydration synthesis
Hydrolysis
It has a carbon skeleton and is made up of carbon hydrogen ox…
C:4... H:1... 0:2... N:3
Gets rid of water in order to bond monomers into polymers
Adds water to break apart polymers into monomers
What makes an organic molecule
It has a carbon skeleton and is made up of carbon hydrogen ox…
CHON
C:4... H:1... 0:2... N:3
20 terms
General, Organic and Biological Chemistry, Chapter 9
What gives acids their sour taste and…
Arrhenius Acid
Dissociate
Hydronium ion, H3O+
The presence of hydrogen ions (H+)
A substance that dissociates in water producing a hydrogen io…
To disconnect or separate
The ion formed by the attraction of a proton (H+) to an H20 m…
What gives acids their sour taste and…
The presence of hydrogen ions (H+)
Arrhenius Acid
A substance that dissociates in water producing a hydrogen io…
135 terms
Principles of general, organic, and biological chemistry Final
Pure Substance
Mixture
Examples of pure substance.
Examples of mixtures.
Composed of a single component and has a constant composition…
Composed of more than one component, the composition of a mix…
Sugar, water, a chunk of ice
Sugar dissolved in water, blood, ocean water, a piece of wood.
Pure Substance
Composed of a single component and has a constant composition…
Mixture
Composed of more than one component, the composition of a mix…
Chapter 3: Biological Molecules aka organic chemistry
What does life require?
Organic Chemistry
Carbon
Macromolecule
All life on earth is based on the chemistry of CARBON
concerning with carbon-containing molecules bonded to some hy…
molecular tinker toy (backbone to essential macromolecules)…
a polymer made by stringing together many monomers (organic)
What does life require?
All life on earth is based on the chemistry of CARBON
Organic Chemistry
concerning with carbon-containing molecules bonded to some hy…
Chapter 24: Organic and Biological Chemistry
functional group
alkanes (general description)
alkenes (general description)
alkynes (general description)
is an atom or group of atoms that imports characteristic phys…
contain only single covalent bonds
contain at least one double bond
contain at least one triple bond
functional group
is an atom or group of atoms that imports characteristic phys…
alkanes (general description)
contain only single covalent bonds
108 terms
General, Organic and Biological Chemistry Chapter 6 Review
ions
ionic bond
covalent bond
octet rule
is an atom or a molecule in which the total number of electro…
occur when the valence electrons of atoms of a METAL are tran…
when atoms of NONMETALS share electrons
atoms of main-group elements like to combine so that each ato…
ions
is an atom or a molecule in which the total number of electro…
ionic bond
occur when the valence electrons of atoms of a METAL are tran…
32 terms
Enzymes, Organic Compounds, Biological Chemistry
substrate
enzyme
products
Lock and Key Hypothesis
the substance the enzyme acts upon at the start of the reaction
a catalyst that speeds up reactions in living things
the substance that is created at the end of a reaction
only one substrate can work with a specific enzyme
substrate
the substance the enzyme acts upon at the start of the reaction
enzyme
a catalyst that speeds up reactions in living things
127 terms
General, Organic and Biological Chemistry Chapter 3
Ions
How are anions formed?
What does the symbolic notation of ato…
Heat is kinetic energy flowing from --…
Charged atoms (formed as a result of the loss or gain of elec…
When atoms gains electrons and it become negatively charged
The number of protons and neutrons present in that atom
A warmer body to a colder one
Ions
Charged atoms (formed as a result of the loss or gain of elec…
How are anions formed?
When atoms gains electrons and it become negatively charged
17 terms
Chemistry Chapter 13 Organic and Biological Compounds
alcohol
aromatic compound
biogas
biomass
An OH group replaces a hydrogen atom
a hydrocarbon containing one or more benzene rings that are c…
A mixture of gases that can be burned directly or converted t…
organic material made of wood, sugarcane, corn, crop, and ani…
alcohol
An OH group replaces a hydrogen atom
aromatic compound
a hydrocarbon containing one or more benzene rings that are c…
45 terms
General, Organic and Biological Chemistry Chapter 4 Review
elements
chemical symbols
natrium
hypernatremia
pure substances from which all other things are built... cannot…
one or two letter abbreviations for the names of the elements
latin for sodium (medical term for sodium)
decrease in sodium (caused by lack of water due to dehydratio…
elements
pure substances from which all other things are built... cannot…
chemical symbols
one or two letter abbreviations for the names of the elements
78 terms
AP Chemistry: Organic and Biological Molecules
Biomolecule
Organic chemistry
Hydrocarbon
Saturated
A molecule responsible for maintaining and/or reproducing life
The study of carbon-containing compounds (typically chains of…
A compound composed of carbon and hydrogen
...
Biomolecule
A molecule responsible for maintaining and/or reproducing life
Organic chemistry
The study of carbon-containing compounds (typically chains of…
31 terms
AP Chem Chapter 25: Organic and Biological Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Biochemistry
Functional Group
Alkanes
the study of carbon compounds
the study of the chemistry of living species
a group of atoms that determine how an organic molecule funct…
saturated hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds, Relati…
Organic Chemistry
the study of carbon compounds
Biochemistry
the study of the chemistry of living species
Biological Functional Groups - Organic Chemistry
Hydroxyl
Carboxyl
Carbonyl
Amino
OH... "Alcohols"... Is polar... Can form hydrogen bonds with water to…
OH-C=O... "Acetic Acid"... Acts as an Acid
C=O... "Ketones/Aldehydes"
NH2... "Amines"... Acts as a base
Hydroxyl
OH... "Alcohols"... Is polar... Can form hydrogen bonds with water to…
Carboxyl
OH-C=O... "Acetic Acid"... Acts as an Acid
AP Bio: biological/ organic chemistry
biological/ organic chem:
Carbon Backbone:
carbon atoms have _#_ ______ _______ w…
the binding of carbon atoms allows:
the study of molecules with carbon backbones
strings of carbon atoms covalently bound to one another
4 valence electrons, carbons
a set number of carbon atoms to combine in multiple configura…
biological/ organic chem:
the study of molecules with carbon backbones
Carbon Backbone:
strings of carbon atoms covalently bound to one another
Topic 4 Organic and Biological Chemistry
carbon-containing compounds
a non-polar hydrocarbon chain or ring…
the number of each atom in a molecule
shows the individual atoms in a molecu…
organic compounds are what?
what are two structural features that most molecules of organ…
what is molecular formula?
what is structural formula?
carbon-containing compounds
organic compounds are what?
a non-polar hydrocarbon chain or ring…
what are two structural features that most molecules of organ…
161 terms
General, Organic and Biological Chemistry; Final Exam
Which has higher melting and boiling p…
How can you determine the charge of th…
How can you determine the charge of th…
Do metals for anions or cations?
Ionic Bonds
Charge= Group Number (Column number)
Charge= Group number - 8
Cations
Which has higher melting and boiling p…
Ionic Bonds
How can you determine the charge of th…
Charge= Group Number (Column number)
12 terms
Organic / Biological Chemistry Test #1
Hydrocarbons
Why Carbons?
Alcanes
Physical properties of Alkanes
- the simplest, contain only carbons & hydrogens
- stable covalent bonds... - bind with many other elements... - the…
- Single bonds... * C-C... - Saturated
- non-polar... - London Dispersion Forces... - low melting points... -…
Hydrocarbons
- the simplest, contain only carbons & hydrogens
Why Carbons?
- stable covalent bonds... - bind with many other elements... - the…
169 terms
General, Organic and Biological Chemistry; Final Exam
Which has higher melting and boiling p…
How can you determine the charge of th…
How can you determine the charge of th…
Do metals for anions or cations?
Ionic Bonds
Charge= Group Number (Column number)
Charge= Group number - 8
Cations
Which has higher melting and boiling p…
Ionic Bonds
How can you determine the charge of th…
Charge= Group Number (Column number)
88 terms
General, Organic and Biological Chemistry Chapter 1 & 2
What type of radiation can only travel…
A ZERO is not a significant figure if…
What happens during alpha decay?
What are isotopes
Alpha
- if its at the beginning of a decimal number... - A placeholder…
The mass number of the isotope produced decreases by four and…
They are atoms with identical atomic numbers but with differe…
What type of radiation can only travel…
Alpha
A ZERO is not a significant figure if…
- if its at the beginning of a decimal number... - A placeholder…
20 terms
General, Organic and Biological Chemistry, Chapter 9
What gives acids their sour taste and…
Arrhenius Acid
Dissociate
Hydronium ion, H3O+
The presence of hydrogen ions (H+)
A substance that dissociates in water producing a hydrogen io…
To disconnect or separate
The ion formed by the attraction of a proton (H+) to an H20 m…
What gives acids their sour taste and…
The presence of hydrogen ions (H+)
Arrhenius Acid
A substance that dissociates in water producing a hydrogen io…
169 terms
General, Organic and Biological Chemistry; Final Exam
Which has higher melting and boiling p…
How can you determine the charge of th…
How can you determine the charge of th…
Do metals for anions or cations?
Ionic Bonds
Charge= Group Number (Column number)
Charge= Group number - 8
Cations
Which has higher melting and boiling p…
Ionic Bonds
How can you determine the charge of th…
Charge= Group Number (Column number)
44 terms
General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Chapter 8
Solvent
Solute
Solute never settles
Solute retains its identity
- Dissolving medium... - Is present in the GREATER amount; doesn…
Dissolved particles... - Present in the LESSER amount; sometimes…
TRUE
TRUE
Solvent
- Dissolving medium... - Is present in the GREATER amount; doesn…
Solute
Dissolved particles... - Present in the LESSER amount; sometimes…
26 terms
PRINCIPLES of general, organic, & biological chemistry janice smith
element
atom
metal
metalloid
pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
Greek meaning atmos or unable to cut
shiny substances that conduct heat and electricity. Metals ar…
have properties intermediate between metals and nonmetals
element
pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substa…
atom
Greek meaning atmos or unable to cut
57 terms
General, organic, and biological chemistry chapter 7
Compressibility
Thermal expansion
Heat =
lower temperature =
volume change with change in pressure
volume change with Temperature change
energy
energy taken away
Compressibility
volume change with change in pressure
Thermal expansion
volume change with Temperature change
Ch. 24 - The Chemistry of Life: Organic and Biological Chemistry
Organic chemistry definition
Three main features characterize organ…
Carbon: General Features
Functional Groups Overview
Carbon-containing compounds
(1) their carbon skeleton... (2) their functional group(s)... (3) s…
*Atomic number, Z, is 6... *Four valence electrons ([He]2s^22p^2…
*A functional group is an atom or a group of atoms that impar…
Organic chemistry definition
Carbon-containing compounds
Three main features characterize organ…
(1) their carbon skeleton... (2) their functional group(s)... (3) s…
Ch. 1 - General, Organic, & Biological Chemistry
Matter exists in 3 common STATES:
Solid
the Particles of a Solid
Liquid
1) Solid... 2) Liquid... 3) Gas
- Definite Volume... - Maintains its shape
- Lie close together... - Arranged in a regular three-dimensiona…
- Definite Volume... - Takes on shape of the container it occupies
Matter exists in 3 common STATES:
1) Solid... 2) Liquid... 3) Gas
Solid
- Definite Volume... - Maintains its shape
20 terms
Chapter 24: The Chemistry of Life: Organic and Biological Chemistry
Concatenation
Functional group
Heteroatoms
alkanes
meaning "linking as in a chain", results in thousands of carb…
is an atom or a group of atoms that imparts characteristic ph…
atoms other than C or H
hydrocarbons that contain only single covalent bonds
Concatenation
meaning "linking as in a chain", results in thousands of carb…
Functional group
is an atom or a group of atoms that imparts characteristic ph…
General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Final Exam
An exergonic reaction is always sponta…
an enzyme is a biological catalyst
conversion of an alcohol to a ketone i…
a ketone is a what
true
true
true
oxygen double bonded to a carbon
An exergonic reaction is always sponta…
true
an enzyme is a biological catalyst
true
134 terms
General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Final Exam
An exergonic reaction is always sponta…
an enzyme is a biological catalyst
conversion of an alcohol to a ketone i…
a ketone is a what
true
true
true
oxygen double bonded to a carbon
An exergonic reaction is always sponta…
true
an enzyme is a biological catalyst
true
31 terms
AP Chem Chapter 25: Organic and Biological Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Biochemistry
Functional Group
Alkanes
the study of carbon compounds
the study of the chemistry of living species
a group of atoms that determine how an organic molecule funct…
saturated hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds, Relati…
Organic Chemistry
the study of carbon compounds
Biochemistry
the study of the chemistry of living species
Chapter 1 General, Organic, & Biological Chemistry: Matter
Synthetic
Solid
Liquid
Gas
made in the laboratory, produced by chemists
definite volume, maintains shape, particles lie together
definite volume, takes shape of container, particles are clos…
no definite shape or volume, particles move randomly and are…
Synthetic
made in the laboratory, produced by chemists
Solid
definite volume, maintains shape, particles lie together
18 terms
General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Chapter 5
activation energy
alpha particle
beta particle
positron
the minimum quantity of energy that the reacting species must…
identical to a helium nucleus. ( 4/2 He)... Greek letter A or He…
high energy electron... charge 1- and mass 0 ... (0/1- e) or Greek…
similar to a beta particle but with a positive charge... formed…
activation energy
the minimum quantity of energy that the reacting species must…
alpha particle
identical to a helium nucleus. ( 4/2 He)... Greek letter A or He…
CHM 230 GRCC Organic and Biological Chemistry
What is the Alkyl Prefix... For 2?
What is the Alkyl Prefix... For 3?
What is the Alkyl Prefix ... For 4?
What is the Alkyl Prefix... For 5?
Di-
Tri-
Tetra-
Penta-
What is the Alkyl Prefix... For 2?
Di-
What is the Alkyl Prefix... For 3?
Tri-
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