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Study sets matching "organic biology 1"

29 terms
Biology 1 Organic Compositions
Carbohydrates
Lipids (triglycerides)
Nucleic acids
Proteins
Monomers -Saccharides (Glucose)... Elements - Carbon, Hydrogen,…
Monomers - glycerol, fatty acids... Elements - carbon Hydrogen... F…
Monomers - nucleotide ... Elements - carbon, Hydrogen, nitrogen,…
Monomers - amino acids... Elements - carbon, Hydrogen, oxygen, n…
Carbohydrates
Monomers -Saccharides (Glucose)... Elements - Carbon, Hydrogen,…
Lipids (triglycerides)
Monomers - glycerol, fatty acids... Elements - carbon Hydrogen... F…
27 terms
Biology 1-Organic Compunds
What are Organic Compounds also known…
made of smaller units called?
monomers form together to form?
Energy is released when bonds _____?
Biology Molecules
monomers
polymers
break
What are Organic Compounds also known…
Biology Molecules
made of smaller units called?
monomers
15 terms
Biology 1 (Organic Compounds)
Carbohydrates
Monosuccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
Or simple sugar, contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a r…
When two monosaccharides can combine in a condensation reacti…
A complex molecule composed of three or more monosaccharides.
Carbohydrates
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in…
Monosuccharide
Or simple sugar, contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a r…
52 terms
Organic chemistry- Biology 1
What is organic compounds?
What do organic compounds usually cont…
How do you know if a compound is organ…
How many bonds can oxygen and hydrogen…
Composed of at least 2 different elements (chemically combined)
At least two atoms of carbon
Contains carbon (2 or more)... Made by living organisms
O-2... H-1
What is organic compounds?
Composed of at least 2 different elements (chemically combined)
What do organic compounds usually cont…
At least two atoms of carbon
11 terms
Biology: Organic 1
How can you tell a carbohydrate by its…
Saturated Fats
Unsaturated Fats
Saturated Fats At room temperature
H:C 2:1 ratio
Single bonds between central c
one or more double bonds
solid
How can you tell a carbohydrate by its…
H:C 2:1 ratio
Saturated Fats
Single bonds between central c
72 terms
Biology 1 Organic Compounds
4 organic Compounds
Carb elements
s carb food ex
carb Kcal/gram
carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
C H O
fruit, candy, sugar cane
4 Kcal/gram
4 organic Compounds
carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Carb elements
C H O
83 terms
Organic Chemistry // Biology 1
Carbon is a unique substance because i…
Carbon always has _____ bonds.
Carbon 12 has ____ protons and ____ ne…
Carbon 13 has ____ protons and ____ ne…
- long chains... - branched chains... - rings... - isomers
4
6;6
6;7
Carbon is a unique substance because i…
- long chains... - branched chains... - rings... - isomers
Carbon always has _____ bonds.
4
Biology Unit 1 (organic compounds)
carbohydrate common name
lipid common name
protein common name
carbohydrate chemicals
sugars
fats and oils (waxes)
proteins
CHO
carbohydrate common name
sugars
lipid common name
fats and oils (waxes)
8 terms
Biologie Hölzl Organe 1
lungs
skin
heart
stomach
Lunge
Haut
Herz
Magen
lungs
Lunge
skin
Haut
13 terms
Wk 1- Organizing Biology
List (in order) the levels of biologic…
Cell
Tissue
Organs
Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, population, community,…
smallest unit of life- building block
collections of cells with common function
collection of tissues with common function
List (in order) the levels of biologic…
Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, population, community,…
Cell
smallest unit of life- building block
12 terms
Biology 1: Hierarchy of Organization
atom
molecule
organelle
cell
the small unit of matter that retains the properties of an el…
a group of two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds
a membrane-enclosed structure with a specialized function wit…
a basic unit of living matter separated from its environment…
atom
the small unit of matter that retains the properties of an el…
molecule
a group of two or more atoms held together by covalent bonds
40 terms
Biology Unit 1 Vocab Organization
growth
development
responsiveness
evolution
To increase in sized
The process of change that occurs during an organism's life t…
the ability to sense changes (stimuli) in the environment and…
Change over time
growth
To increase in sized
development
The process of change that occurs during an organism's life t…
37 terms
BY1 Biology - Organic Molecules: Carbohydrates
What elements to carbohydrates contain?
What is the general formula for carboh…
What are the three main groups of carb…
What is a monosaccharide?
Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
C(H2O)n
Monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides
Single-sugars
What elements to carbohydrates contain?
Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
What is the general formula for carboh…
C(H2O)n
40 terms
Unit 1 Biology (Organic Molecules, organelles)
Monomer
Polymer
Organic Molecule
Carbohydrate
The subunit of a polymer
Multiple monomers put together
Molecules used to make life
Sugars
Monomer
The subunit of a polymer
Polymer
Multiple monomers put together
38 terms
Biology: Organs (Semester 1)
Kidneys
Bladder
Ureter
Urethra
extract waste from blood, balance body fluid, form urine, par…
store urine, part of the urinary system
carries urine from the kidney to the bladder, part of the uri…
a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of…
Kidneys
extract waste from blood, balance body fluid, form urine, par…
Bladder
store urine, part of the urinary system
Biology Chapter 1: Organs
integumentary system
skeletal system
muscular system
nervous system
skin, hair, nails
bones, joints, cartilage
skeletal, smooth & cardiac muscles
brain, spinal cord, nerves
integumentary system
skin, hair, nails
skeletal system
bones, joints, cartilage
14 terms
1.3 Features of organisms (IGCSE Biology 0610)
Monocotyledons
Dicotyledons
Arthropods - Insects
Arthropods - Crustaceans
only one 'seed leaf'; long thin leaves, with parallel veins
two seed leaves; broad leaves with network of veins
three body parts, three pairs of legs, usually 1 or 2 pairs o…
many segments, usually with legs, claws or feelers; breathe v…
Monocotyledons
only one 'seed leaf'; long thin leaves, with parallel veins
Dicotyledons
two seed leaves; broad leaves with network of veins
13 terms
Biology 1- 13 Levels of Organization
1) Atom
3) Organelle
2) Molecule
4) Cell
SMALLEST thing that CANNOT be broken down chemically
"Little organ"; a structure INSIDE of a cell that serves a sp…
COMBINATION of 2 or more ATOMS (A compound is when 2 of the s…
SMALLEST LIVING structure (in a multicellular organism it bec…
1) Atom
SMALLEST thing that CANNOT be broken down chemically
3) Organelle
"Little organ"; a structure INSIDE of a cell that serves a sp…
169 terms
Biology of Organisms Exam 1
Properties of Life
What is life?
Form fits function
Why did Darwin address "Variation unde…
Order, reproduction, development, response to environment, ho…
Life is that property of matter that results in the coupled c…
The idea that structure follows form and form follows function.
In the first chapter, Darwin addresses "Variation under Domes…
Properties of Life
Order, reproduction, development, response to environment, ho…
What is life?
Life is that property of matter that results in the coupled c…
35 terms
CH. 1: Biology Organization
Anatomy
Two Types of Anatomy
Histology
Cytology
Study of the structure of the body
Microscopic and Macroscopic
Study of tissues
Study of cells
Anatomy
Study of the structure of the body
Two Types of Anatomy
Microscopic and Macroscopic
18 terms
biology1/1Body organization
Homeostasis
Four kinds of tissue
Function of nervous tissue
Function of muscle tissue
The maintenance of a stable internal environment in the body
Epithelial, nervous, muscle, connective
Sends electrical signals through the boy
Cells that contract and relax to produce movement
Homeostasis
The maintenance of a stable internal environment in the body
Four kinds of tissue
Epithelial, nervous, muscle, connective
Biology 1: Levels of Organization
Cells
Tissues
Organs
Organ Systems
basic unit of life & building block of all living things
group of cells working together to perform a specific function
tissues working together to perform a specific function
organs that work together to carry out a similar function
Cells
basic unit of life & building block of all living things
Tissues
group of cells working together to perform a specific function
173 terms
OCR Biology B1- Understanding organisms
aerobic respiration (air-rO-bick)
breathing rate
circulatory system
digestive system
Process that releases energy from food. Needs oxygen from the…
The number of times that you breathe in and out in one minute.
System containing the heart and blood vessels.
The group of organs that carries out digestion.
aerobic respiration (air-rO-bick)
Process that releases energy from food. Needs oxygen from the…
breathing rate
The number of times that you breathe in and out in one minute.
53 terms
Biology of Organisms (Unit 1)
6 Characteristics of an Organism
2 Abiotic factors that shape organismi…
3 Biotic factors that shape organismic…
Three basic types of adjustments organ…
-Growth and Development... -Regulated Metabolic Processes... -Organ…
-Climate (Light from sun, Temperature from the sun and atmosp…
-Competition... -Predation... -Resource availability
- Response (minutes/hours)... - Acclimitization (days, months)... -…
6 Characteristics of an Organism
-Growth and Development... -Regulated Metabolic Processes... -Organ…
2 Abiotic factors that shape organismi…
-Climate (Light from sun, Temperature from the sun and atmosp…
58 terms
Honors Biology 1: Organic Chemistry
Organic chemistry
Macromolecule
Monomer
Polymer
The branch of chemistry that focuses on carbon-based molecules
Large complex organic molecules
single molecule
2 or more monomers
Organic chemistry
The branch of chemistry that focuses on carbon-based molecules
Macromolecule
Large complex organic molecules
38 terms
Biology Unit 1 organization
Organization
specialization
Differentiation
graph
Having formal structure,especially to coordinate or carry out…
Performs a special function, focuses on a particular job
The change from generalized to specialized during development…
drawing or writing of data.
Organization
Having formal structure,especially to coordinate or carry out…
specialization
Performs a special function, focuses on a particular job
50 terms
Biology Unit 1 Organization
What are the two types of cells?
Examples of Prokaryotic cells
Examples of Eukaryotic cells
What is a Eukaryotic cell?
prokaryote & eukaryote
bacteria (archea bacteria & eubacteria)
plant & animal cells (& fungi & amoebas)
It is a cell containing internal membrane-bound structures. H…
What are the two types of cells?
prokaryote & eukaryote
Examples of Prokaryotic cells
bacteria (archea bacteria & eubacteria)
57 terms
1.3 Organic Chemistry Biology Quiz
Organic molecules
Inorganic molecules
Monomer
Polymer
any molecule with C-C and/or C-H bonds... Ex. CH4 (methane)
Anything else... Ex. Water
single unit (subunit) that, when bonded to several other of t…
formed from more than 2 monomers bonded together
Organic molecules
any molecule with C-C and/or C-H bonds... Ex. CH4 (methane)
Inorganic molecules
Anything else... Ex. Water
Levels Of Organization Biology 1-3
Atoms
Molecules
Cells
Group Of Cells
Groups of atoms, smallest unit of most chemical compounds
smallest functional unit of life
Tissues, organs, and organ systems
Atoms
Molecules
Groups of atoms, smallest unit of most chemical compounds
13 terms
Test #1 Biology Organisms
Biology
Abiotic
Biotic
Stimulus
The study of living things
A nonliving organism/ object
A living organism
A signal in which an organism responds
Biology
The study of living things
Abiotic
A nonliving organism/ object
25 terms
biology - invertebrate organisms #1
cnidarians might have evolved from an…
scyphozoans, such as jellyfish spend m…
clams, oysters, and scallops are membe…
what separates the two tissue layers i…
anthoza
medusae
bivalves
mesoglea
cnidarians might have evolved from an…
anthoza
scyphozoans, such as jellyfish spend m…
medusae
33 terms
Biology 1 Organic Chemistry Vocabulary
Organic Compounds
Valence Electrons
Macromolecules
Monomer
chemical compounds that contain carbon and that make up livin…
electrons that can be gained, lost, or shared in a chemical r…
the large molecules that make up living organisms, such as pr…
a small molecule that be chemically bonded to other like mole…
Organic Compounds
chemical compounds that contain carbon and that make up livin…
Valence Electrons
electrons that can be gained, lost, or shared in a chemical r…
41 terms
AP Biology Organic Chemistry
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a 1:…
organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen & relatively few ox…
monomer
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form d…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers
Biology, Chapter 2.1, Organisms and Their Relationships
ecology
biosphere
biotic factor
abiotic factor
scientific discipline in which the relationships among living…
portion of the Earth that supports life
living factors in an organism's environment
nonliving factors in an organism's environment
ecology
scientific discipline in which the relationships among living…
biosphere
portion of the Earth that supports life
58 terms
Biology Module 1- Organic Chemistry
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
CH4
Organic compounds
chemistry of life
Consists of only hydrogen and carbon
The simplest hydrocarbon
Contain carbon... ex.) glucose C6H12O6... exceptions: Pure carbon,…
organic chemistry
chemistry of life
hydrocarbons
Consists of only hydrogen and carbon
41 terms
Biology Flashcards #1 Organic Molecules
Acid
Activation Energy
Adhesion
Amino Acids
A compound that has a higher concentration of hydronium ions.…
The amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction.
The attractive forces between two different substances. Ex: w…
The monomer that links together to build a protein. 20 differ…
Acid
A compound that has a higher concentration of hydronium ions.…
Activation Energy
The amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction.
25 terms
Biology 1- Organic molecules- vocabulary
macromolecules
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
the large molecules that make up living organisms, such as pr…
a small molecule that may be chemically bonded to other like…
long chain of monomers
an organic molecule made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
macromolecules
the large molecules that make up living organisms, such as pr…
monomer
a small molecule that may be chemically bonded to other like…
28 terms
Biology- Topic 1- Organisms and cells
Respiration
Feeding
Growth
Excretion
Obtaining energy from food, occurs in all cells all the time,…
Consuming material for processes
Irreversible increase in mass
Getting rid of waste products
Respiration
Obtaining energy from food, occurs in all cells all the time,…
Feeding
Consuming material for processes
47 terms
Biology - Unit 1: Organic Molecules
Polymer
Monomer
Functional group
Organic molecules
molecules that consist of a monomer repeated many times
a single unit/building block of a macromolecule
organic molecules that share similar properties because they…
those that contain carbon atoms
Polymer
molecules that consist of a monomer repeated many times
Monomer
a single unit/building block of a macromolecule
9 terms
Biology 1.1 levels of organization
atom
molecule
cell organelle
tissue
smallest unit of matter unique to each other
substance made of two or more atoms that interact
tiny structures in cells that each carry out a specific funct…
a group of cells that interact to carry out a specific functi…
atom
smallest unit of matter unique to each other
molecule
substance made of two or more atoms that interact
13 terms
CM Biology Organic Molecules
lipids
Carbohydrates
Simple Sungars
Complex Carbohydrates
the fats found in food... Made of Glycerol and 3 Fatty acids... Fun…
Two types: simple and complex. ... Provide sugars in the form of…
Monosaccarhrides. Found in fruits and extracted from plants,…
Groupings of simple Carbs placed in different orders. Starch:…
lipids
the fats found in food... Made of Glycerol and 3 Fatty acids... Fun…
Carbohydrates
Two types: simple and complex. ... Provide sugars in the form of…
74 terms
Organic Chemistry Biology Honors 1
Inorganic Compounds and Natural Elements
Sponch Elements
Trace Elements
Trace elements play a vital importance…
are the raw substances from witch living organisms build the…
Most common elements needed by living things.... "Building blocks"
:Minerals, Small quantities
(Metabolism) regulation of body functions
Inorganic Compounds and Natural Elements
are the raw substances from witch living organisms build the…
Sponch Elements
Most common elements needed by living things.... "Building blocks"
38 terms
Biology: Water and Organic Molecules
Properties of Water
CHNOPS
Chemical Reaction
Atom
Less dense as a solid, three states, universal solvent, slow…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, and Sulfer
Permanently changes compounds into another
Unit of matter
Properties of Water
Less dense as a solid, three states, universal solvent, slow…
CHNOPS
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, and Sulfer
9 terms
AQA: BIOLOGY: ORGANISMS IN THE ENVIRONMENT: 1
World equation for photosynthesis
Symbol equation for photostnthesis
The physical factors that may affect o…
Environment
Carbon dioxide + water Reaction --- (light energy)--->glucose…
6CO2 + 6H2O Reaction ---(light energy)---> C6H12O6 + 6O2.
1)Temperature.... 2)Amount of light.... 3)Availability of water.... 4)…
All the conditions that surround a living organism.
World equation for photosynthesis
Carbon dioxide + water Reaction --- (light energy)--->glucose…
Symbol equation for photostnthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O Reaction ---(light energy)---> C6H12O6 + 6O2.
76 terms
Biology 107 Lecture 1 Organic Molecules
Water and Organic molecules
70% because it allows proteins to move…
Yes bc it has carbon but no bc it does…
What are two elements and molecules food in living cells
What percent of a E.coli cell is water? and why ?
Is carbon dioxide organic ?
Water and Organic molecules
What are two elements and molecules food in living cells
70% because it allows proteins to move…
What percent of a E.coli cell is water? and why ?
50 terms
Biology Unit 1 Review (Organization & Evolution)
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Virus
Evolution
A single‐celled organism that lacks a membrane‐bound nucleus…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
A nonliving, intracellular parasite. Viruses are typically ju…
A process in which new species develop from preexisting speci…
Prokaryote
A single‐celled organism that lacks a membrane‐bound nucleus…
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
34 terms
Biology Organic Molecules 2.1 - 2.3
What are the most commonly occurring e…
Define organic molecule
Why is carbon the ideal building block…
Define Metabolism
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen
A molecule with carbon and hydrogen
It can have 4 covalent bonds
The sum of all
What are the most commonly occurring e…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen
Define organic molecule
A molecule with carbon and hydrogen
25 terms
Biology Unit 1: Organic Chemistry
What is organic chemistry?
What are the 4 natural elements? How m…
What is a macromolecule? The subunit?
What is a polymer?
The study of all compounds containing the element: carbon
C, H, O, N... 96%
A giant molecule made up of 100's or 1000's of smaller units…
Monomers linked together
What is organic chemistry?
The study of all compounds containing the element: carbon
What are the 4 natural elements? How m…
C, H, O, N... 96%
17 terms
Biology Honors Test #1 (Organic & Inorganic Chemistry)
Organic
Methane
Ethane
Alkanes
It's ____________ if it's carbon-based and biological.
The formula for ____________ is CH4.
The formula for ____________ is C2H6.
____________ have single bonds with carbon.
Organic
It's ____________ if it's carbon-based and biological.
Methane
The formula for ____________ is CH4.
45 terms
Biology B1 - Understanding Organisms
How is blood pressure represented?
What factors lead to high blood pressu…
Why is high blood pressure dangerous?…
Why is low blood pressure dangerous? (H)
Systolic and Diastolic measurements e.g 120/80 mm Hg
Factors include, excess weight, high stress levels and excess…
High blood pressure is dangerous as it can cause blood vessel…
Low blood pressure is dangerous as it can cause the blood to…
How is blood pressure represented?
Systolic and Diastolic measurements e.g 120/80 mm Hg
What factors lead to high blood pressu…
Factors include, excess weight, high stress levels and excess…
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