How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "organic chem"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "organic chem"

23 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Ketone
Alkane
Alkene
25 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Alcohol
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkane
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkene
20 terms
Organic Chemistry
4
compounds have many isomers
molecular formula
same molecular formula, but different…
How many covalent bonds can carbon usually form?
Why is the diversity of organic compounds so great?
Which formula shows the numbers and types of atoms in a molec…
What is an isomer?
4
How many covalent bonds can carbon usually form?
compounds have many isomers
Why is the diversity of organic compounds so great?
40 terms
Organic Chemistry
alkanes
naming branched alkanes/alkenes/alkynes
condensed formula
alkenes
single bonds
-longest carbon chain... -add "-yl" to the branch groups... -use nu…
summarizing how many Hs are bonded to each C ... (ex: CH3CH2CH2O…
contains at least 1 double-bond
alkanes
single bonds
naming branched alkanes/alkenes/alkynes
-longest carbon chain... -add "-yl" to the branch groups... -use nu…
74 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Alcohol
Phenyl group
Ketone
The study of carbon, its structures and reactivity.
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon, its structures and reactivity.
Alcohol
48 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Van der Waals forces
Organic compound
Alkyl group
A saturated hydrocarbon (contains C-C bonds).
Intermolecular forces (forces of attraction between molecules).
A compound containing carbon atoms (exceptions: CO, CO2, HCN…
An alkane with one hydrogen missing - bonds to the parent cha…
Alkane
A saturated hydrocarbon (contains C-C bonds).
Van der Waals forces
Intermolecular forces (forces of attraction between molecules).
36 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Covalent Bond
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon
Carbon
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
Contain carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds.
An element that has the capacity to share four electrons in o…
Organic Chemistry
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Covalent Bond
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
6 terms
Organic chemistry
Ethane
Ethanol
Ethanoic acid
Homologous series
A series of organic compounds with the same functional group…
Ethane
Ethanol
14 terms
Organic Chemistry
alkanes
alkenes
alkynes
arenes
---... -ane... CnH2n+2
alkenyl... -ene... CnH2n
alkynyl... -yne... CnH2n-2
phenyl... ---... CnH2n-6
alkanes
---... -ane... CnH2n+2
alkenes
alkenyl... -ene... CnH2n
63 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Covalent Bond
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
Contain only only carbon-to-carbon single bonds. The most che…
Contain carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds.
Organic Chemistry
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Covalent Bond
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
21 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Homologous series
Alkanes
Study of carbon compounds
Chemical compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen
A group of organic compounds with the same general formula an…
Hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds and have the gene…
Organic Chemistry
Study of carbon compounds
Hydrocarbons
Chemical compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen
10 terms
Organic Chemistry
Addition of hydride
Addition of Cyanide
Wittig Reaction (Alkene)
Ketone/Aldehyde to imine... (1 prime amine)
-NACN... -HCL
Addition of hydride
Addition of Cyanide
-NACN... -HCL
42 terms
organic chemistry
amino acids
monosaccharides
glycerol and fatty acids
nucleotides
monomers of proteins (polypeptides)
monomers of carbohydrates
structural components of lipids
monomers of nucleic acids, structural component of ATP
amino acids
monomers of proteins (polypeptides)
monosaccharides
monomers of carbohydrates
63 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Covalent Bond
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
Contain only only carbon-to-carbon single bonds. The most che…
Contain carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds.
Organic Chemistry
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Covalent Bond
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
74 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Alcohol
Phenyl group
Ketone
The study of carbon, its structures and reactivity.
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon, its structures and reactivity.
Alcohol
37 terms
Organic Chemistry
organic molecule
organic chemistry
alkane
alkene
any molecule with carbon excluding carbon dioxide and carbona…
study of organic molecules their properties and reactions
simple hydrocarbons all with single Carbon-Carbon bonds
hydrocarbon with at least one double bond between 2 carbons
organic molecule
any molecule with carbon excluding carbon dioxide and carbona…
organic chemistry
study of organic molecules their properties and reactions
36 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alcohol
Aldehyde
Alkane
Alkene
Alcohol
Aldehyde
52 terms
organic chemistry
organic molecule
molecules carbon frequently binds to
hydrocarbon
isomer
carbon chain compound
H, O, N, S, P
molecules with only C, H (oils, fats)
compounds with same molecular formula but different structure
organic molecule
carbon chain compound
molecules carbon frequently binds to
H, O, N, S, P
177 terms
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Organic chemistry
Organic C
Organic C
Organic C
It is the branch of chemistry that studies compounds that con…
C6H14 (OC or IC)
Insoluble in water (OC or IC)
Soluble in gasoline (OC or IC)
Organic chemistry
It is the branch of chemistry that studies compounds that con…
Organic C
C6H14 (OC or IC)
30 terms
Organic Chemistry
Lewis Acis
Lewis Bases
Electrophile
Nucleophile
any molecule that accepts electrons to form covalent bonds al…
any molecule that donates electrons to form covalent bonds al…
Electron lover (Lewis Acid) will accept electrons to form cov…
Nucleus lover (Lewis Base) will donate electrons to form cova…
Lewis Acis
any molecule that accepts electrons to form covalent bonds al…
Lewis Bases
any molecule that donates electrons to form covalent bonds al…
48 terms
Organic Chemistry, Chapter One
The modern definition of organic Chemi…
The term organic means...
What is vitalism?
What did German chemist Freirrich Wohl…
"The chemistry of carbon compounds"
"derived from living organisms"
The belief that natural products need a "vital force" to crea…
Created ammonium cyanate into urea.
The modern definition of organic Chemi…
"The chemistry of carbon compounds"
The term organic means...
"derived from living organisms"
20 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Ketone
Alkane
Alkene
14 terms
Organic Chemistry
propene
methylpropane
propane
ethanoic acid
propene
methylpropane
14 terms
Organic Chemistry
Monomers
Polymers
Carbohydrates
Sugars
Monomers are the basic building blocks of larger molecules. F…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
Organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atom…
they are the monomers of carbohydrates. Usually sweet, and us…
Monomers
Monomers are the basic building blocks of larger molecules. F…
Polymers
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
16 terms
Organic Chemistry - Functional Groups
alkane
alkene
alkyne
aromatic compound
R-H... (CH₃CH₃)
Functional group: double bond
functional group: triple bond
functional group: phenyl
alkane
R-H... (CH₃CH₃)
alkene
Functional group: double bond
Organic chemistry
Alkanes
Alkenes
Alkynes
Substitution
contain only single bonds between carbon atoms
contain one (or more) douple bonds between carbon atoms
contain one (or more) triple bonds between carbon atoms
is a typical reaction for saturated hydrocarbons
Alkanes
contain only single bonds between carbon atoms
Alkenes
contain one (or more) douple bonds between carbon atoms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Compounds
Hydrocarbons
Functional Groups
Homologous Series
Chemistry of carbon compounds (C-H bonds important, but some…
Compounds containing C and H atoms only, examples include alk…
Specific atom or group of atoms bonded in a certain arrangeme…
A group of organic chemical compounds, usually listed in orde…
Organic Compounds
Chemistry of carbon compounds (C-H bonds important, but some…
Hydrocarbons
Compounds containing C and H atoms only, examples include alk…
43 terms
Organic Chemistry Nomenclature
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Alcohol
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkane
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkene
151 terms
Organic Chemistry (Reactions)
Free Radical Halogenation
What free radical is most is likely to…
Combustion
Pyrolysis (Cracking)
A tertiary radical (Most stable)
Free Radical Halogenation
What free radical is most is likely to…
A tertiary radical (Most stable)
33 terms
Organic Chemistry - Chapter 22
1 Carbon
2 Carbons
3 Carbons
4 Carbons
Meth-
Eth-
Pro-
But-
1 Carbon
Meth-
2 Carbons
Eth-
10 terms
Quiz I Organic Chemistry
The C-C sigma bond in ethyne results f…
Which molecule would be linear? (Hint:…
How many sigma (1s-2sp3) bonds are the…
What is the formal charge on oxygen in…
wrong:... 2p, 2p... *2sp3, 2sp3... 2sp2-2sp2... 2sp, 2sp... 2sp-1s
*HCN ... H2O2 ... H2S... OF2... SO2
wrong:... 1 ... 6... 2... *7... 5
-2... +2... *+1... -1... 0
The C-C sigma bond in ethyne results f…
wrong:... 2p, 2p... *2sp3, 2sp3... 2sp2-2sp2... 2sp, 2sp... 2sp-1s
Which molecule would be linear? (Hint:…
*HCN ... H2O2 ... H2S... OF2... SO2
104 terms
Organic Chemistry Reaction Mechanisms
Alkyl halide (definition)
Most important factor in determining r…
vinyl halide
aryl halide
Organic molecule containing a halogen (X) bonded to an sp³ hy…
Is the alkyl halide primary, secondary, or tertiary?
Halogen bonded to a carbon-carbon double bond. Remember: this…
Halogen bonded to a benzene ring. Remember: this is an sp² hy…
Alkyl halide (definition)
Organic molecule containing a halogen (X) bonded to an sp³ hy…
Most important factor in determining r…
Is the alkyl halide primary, secondary, or tertiary?
15 terms
Organic Chemistry functional groups
acid chloride
Alcohol
Aldehyde
Alkane
-COCl
-OH (hydroxy group)
C=O (carbonyl group)
single bond (not functional group)
acid chloride
-COCl
Alcohol
-OH (hydroxy group)
32 terms
Organic Chemistry Functional Groups
alcohol
aldehyde
amide
benzene
alcohol
aldehyde
18 terms
Organic Chemistry Vocab
saturated
unsaturated
branched
hydrocarbon
describes an organic molecule no double or triple bonds betwe…
describes an organic molecule with at least one double or tri…
describes a hydrocarbon that is not just a single chain or ca…
the general term for an organic molecule made of only hydroge…
saturated
describes an organic molecule no double or triple bonds betwe…
unsaturated
describes an organic molecule with at least one double or tri…
48 terms
Chapter 22 Organic Chemistry
fullerene
graphite
delocalized electron
organic compound
a dark-colored solid made of spherically networked carbonatom…
a soft, black, crystalline form of carbon that is a fair cond…
an electron shared by more than two atoms
a covalently bonded compound containing carbon, excluding car…
fullerene
a dark-colored solid made of spherically networked carbonatom…
graphite
a soft, black, crystalline form of carbon that is a fair cond…
Organic Chemistry
Organic
Atomic number of carbon
Carbohydrates
Isomers
compounds based on a carbon skeleton
6 (two electrons in its first orbital, four valence electrons)
C10(H20)
Compounds with the same number of the same elements
Organic
compounds based on a carbon skeleton
Atomic number of carbon
6 (two electrons in its first orbital, four valence electrons)
25 terms
Organic Chemistry
Saturated
Homologous series
Primary alcohol
Secondary alcohol
means that all the bonds are single bonds
is a group of chemicals which all have the same functional gr…
is an alcohol where the hydroxyl (-OH) group is attached to a…
is an alcohol where the hydroxyl group is attached to a carbo…
Saturated
means that all the bonds are single bonds
Homologous series
is a group of chemicals which all have the same functional gr…
13 terms
Functional Groups in Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Alcohol
Name this functional group.
Name this functional group.
Name this functional group.
Name this functional group.
Alkane
Name this functional group.
Alkene
Name this functional group.
19 terms
Organic Chemistry Functional Groups
Alcohol
Aldehyde
Alkane
Alkene
Alcohol
Aldehyde
30 terms
Organic Chemistry
hydrocarbons
homologous series
functional group
alkanes
compounds which contain carbon... and hydrogen only
a family of organic compounds with the same functional group…
the atom or group of atoms responsible for the characteristic…
they have the general... formula CnH2n+2 and are saturated compo…
hydrocarbons
compounds which contain carbon... and hydrogen only
homologous series
a family of organic compounds with the same functional group…
63 terms
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Fredric Wörler
Organic Chemistry ... Definition
Hydrocarbons
Alkane
Made an organic chemical in his lab therefore:... ORGANIC CHEMIC…
Chemistry of carbon compounds ... e.g. gasoline, oils, polymers,…
Composed of C chains with H
-Type of hydrocarbon... -single bonds only (sp2, sigma bonds)... -f…
Fredric Wörler
Made an organic chemical in his lab therefore:... ORGANIC CHEMIC…
Organic Chemistry ... Definition
Chemistry of carbon compounds ... e.g. gasoline, oils, polymers,…
20 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Fractional Distillation
Homologous Series
The study of carbon and its compounds.
Compounds containing only carbon and hydrogen
A process of separating petroleum into components with differ…
A group of organic compounds with related structures and prop…
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon and its compounds.
Hydrocarbons
Compounds containing only carbon and hydrogen
Organic Chemistry
chemical bond
pH scale
acid
base
link formed by two electrons that binds atoms together; where…
measurement system used to indicate how acidic or basic a sub…
compound that release H+ ions in solution; pH less than 7
compound that releases OH- ions in solution; pH greater than 7
chemical bond
link formed by two electrons that binds atoms together; where…
pH scale
measurement system used to indicate how acidic or basic a sub…
34 terms
Organic Chemistry
Ether
Carbonyl
Aldehyde
Ketone
C-O-C
Carbon atom double bonded to an oxygen atom
Oxygen double bonded to a carbon atom which is bonded to a hy…
Carbonyl carbon atom bonded to two carbon groups
Ether
C-O-C
Carbonyl
Carbon atom double bonded to an oxygen atom
22 terms
Organic Chemistry Naming
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Alcohol
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkane
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkene
16 terms
Organic Chemistry
alkane
alkene
alkyne
aromatic compound
alkane
alkene
43 terms
Organic Chemistry Nomenclature
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Alcohol
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkane
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkene
29 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkyl halide
Alcohol
Ether
Amine
Alkyl halide
Alcohol
14 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Ketone
Alkane
Alkene
1 of 10