Study sets matching "organic chem"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "organic chem"

40 terms
Organic Chemistry
alkanes
naming branched alkanes/alkenes/alkynes
condensed formula
alkenes
single bonds
-longest carbon chain... -add "-yl" to the branch groups... -use nu…
summarizing how many Hs are bonded to each C ... (ex: CH3CH2CH2O…
contains at least 1 double-bond
alkanes
single bonds
naming branched alkanes/alkenes/alkynes
-longest carbon chain... -add "-yl" to the branch groups... -use nu…
20 terms
Organic Chemistry
4
compounds have many isomers
molecular formula
same molecular formula, but different…
How many covalent bonds can carbon usually form?
Why is the diversity of organic compounds so great?
Which formula shows the numbers and types of atoms in a molec…
What is an isomer?
4
How many covalent bonds can carbon usually form?
compounds have many isomers
Why is the diversity of organic compounds so great?
74 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Alcohol
Phenyl group
Ketone
The study of carbon, its structures and reactivity.
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon, its structures and reactivity.
Alcohol
48 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Van der Waals forces
Organic compound
Alkyl group
A saturated hydrocarbon (contains C-C bonds).
Intermolecular forces (forces of attraction between molecules).
A compound containing carbon atoms (exceptions: CO, CO2, HCN…
An alkane with one hydrogen missing - bonds to the parent cha…
Alkane
A saturated hydrocarbon (contains C-C bonds).
Van der Waals forces
Intermolecular forces (forces of attraction between molecules).
6 terms
Organic chemistry
Ethane
Ethanol
Ethanoic acid
Homologous series
A series of organic compounds with the same functional group…
Ethane
Ethanol
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Covalent Bond
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon
Carbon
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
Contain carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds.
An element that has the capacity to share four electrons in o…
Organic Chemistry
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Covalent Bond
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
23 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Ketone
Alkane
Alkene
25 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Alcohol
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkane
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkene
20 terms
Organic Chemistry
4
compounds have many isomers
molecular formula
same molecular formula, but different…
How many covalent bonds can carbon usually form?
Why is the diversity of organic compounds so great?
Which formula shows the numbers and types of atoms in a molec…
What is an isomer?
4
How many covalent bonds can carbon usually form?
compounds have many isomers
Why is the diversity of organic compounds so great?
74 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Alcohol
Phenyl group
Ketone
The study of carbon, its structures and reactivity.
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon, its structures and reactivity.
Alcohol
63 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Covalent Bond
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
Contain only only carbon-to-carbon single bonds. The most che…
Contain carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds.
Organic Chemistry
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Covalent Bond
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
63 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Covalent Bond
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
Contain only only carbon-to-carbon single bonds. The most che…
Contain carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds.
Organic Chemistry
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Covalent Bond
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
30 terms
Organic Chemistry
Lewis Acis
Lewis Bases
Electrophile
Nucleophile
any molecule that accepts electrons to form covalent bonds al…
any molecule that donates electrons to form covalent bonds al…
Electron lover (Lewis Acid) will accept electrons to form cov…
Nucleus lover (Lewis Base) will donate electrons to form cova…
Lewis Acis
any molecule that accepts electrons to form covalent bonds al…
Lewis Bases
any molecule that donates electrons to form covalent bonds al…
14 terms
Organic Chemistry
Monomers
Polymers
Carbohydrates
Sugars
Monomers are the basic building blocks of larger molecules. F…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
Organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atom…
they are the monomers of carbohydrates. Usually sweet, and us…
Monomers
Monomers are the basic building blocks of larger molecules. F…
Polymers
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers.
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Organic chemistry
Organic C
Organic C
Organic C
It is the branch of chemistry that studies compounds that con…
C6H14 (OC or IC)
Insoluble in water (OC or IC)
Soluble in gasoline (OC or IC)
Organic chemistry
It is the branch of chemistry that studies compounds that con…
Organic C
C6H14 (OC or IC)
41 terms
CLEP Chemistry: Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Covalent Bond
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Unsaturated Hydrocarbon
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
Contain only only carbon-to-carbon single bonds. The most che…
Contain carbon-to-carbon double or triple bonds.
Organic Chemistry
The branch of chemistry which deals with carbon compounds, in…
Covalent Bond
Inter-atomic relationship created by the sharing of at least…
10 terms
Organic Chemistry
Addition of hydride
Addition of Cyanide
Wittig Reaction (Alkene)
Ketone/Aldehyde to imine... (1 prime amine)
-NACN... -HCL
Addition of hydride
Addition of Cyanide
-NACN... -HCL
104 terms
Main Organic Chemistry Reagents
H+,H20
1.Hg(Oac)2,THF/H2O 2. NaBh4
1. BH3 2. NaOH H2O2
H2,, Pd/C, BaSO4
reduces an alkene to an alocohol will do hydride shifts
reduces an alkene to an alcohol, with no hydride shifts
reduces an alkene to an alcohol at the very end of the molecule
reduces an alkyne to a cis alkene. Also known as Lindlar
H+,H20
reduces an alkene to an alocohol will do hydride shifts
1.Hg(Oac)2,THF/H2O 2. NaBh4
reduces an alkene to an alcohol, with no hydride shifts
organic chemistry
amino acids
monosaccharides
glycerol and fatty acids
nucleotides
monomers of proteins (polypeptides)
monomers of carbohydrates
structural components of lipids
monomers of nucleic acids, structural component of ATP
amino acids
monomers of proteins (polypeptides)
monosaccharides
monomers of carbohydrates
organic chemistry
organic molecule
molecules carbon frequently binds to
hydrocarbon
isomer
carbon chain compound
H, O, N, S, P
molecules with only C, H (oils, fats)
compounds with same molecular formula but different structure
organic molecule
carbon chain compound
molecules carbon frequently binds to
H, O, N, S, P
151 terms
Organic Chemistry (Reactions)
Free Radical Halogenation
What free radical is most is likely to…
Combustion
Pyrolysis (Cracking)
A tertiary radical (Most stable)
Free Radical Halogenation
What free radical is most is likely to…
A tertiary radical (Most stable)
Organic Chemistry: Alkyne Chemistry
Triple Bond
Acetylene
2 preparation of alkynes
-How does one create 2-Pentyne
-2 elements of unsaturation per triple bond ... -I sigma and two…
H-C=(-)C-H IUPAC = ethyne ... C-C=(-)C-C-C ethylmethylacetylene…
Terminal Alkyne - Triple bond between carbon 1 and 2... -has on…
-If you have pentyne, you will cut pentyne between carbon #1…
Triple Bond
-2 elements of unsaturation per triple bond ... -I sigma and two…
Acetylene
H-C=(-)C-H IUPAC = ethyne ... C-C=(-)C-C-C ethylmethylacetylene…
14 terms
Organic Chemistry
propene
methylpropane
propane
ethanoic acid
propene
methylpropane
21 terms
Organic Chemistry
Hybrid orbitals
Carbon dioxide
Sp3
Sp2
Explaining a shape we already know
Non polar
Tetrahedral
Trigonal planar
Hybrid orbitals
Explaining a shape we already know
Carbon dioxide
Non polar
190 terms
Organic Chemistry
α-carbon
α-hydrogen
α-state
Absolute conformation
The carbon adjacent to a carbonyl; in amino acids, the chiral…
Hydrogen atoms connected to α-carbons adjacent to carbonyls
A magnetic state seen in NMR spectroscopy in which nuclei hav…
The exact spatial arrangement of atoms or groups in a chiral…
α-carbon
The carbon adjacent to a carbonyl; in amino acids, the chiral…
α-hydrogen
Hydrogen atoms connected to α-carbons adjacent to carbonyls
Organic Chemistry
Organic
Atomic number of carbon
Carbohydrates
Isomers
compounds based on a carbon skeleton
6 (two electrons in its first orbital, four valence electrons)
C10(H20)
Compounds with the same number of the same elements
Organic
compounds based on a carbon skeleton
Atomic number of carbon
6 (two electrons in its first orbital, four valence electrons)
Organic chemistry
Alkanes
Alkenes
Alkynes
Substitution
contain only single bonds between carbon atoms
contain one (or more) douple bonds between carbon atoms
contain one (or more) triple bonds between carbon atoms
is a typical reaction for saturated hydrocarbons
Alkanes
contain only single bonds between carbon atoms
Alkenes
contain one (or more) douple bonds between carbon atoms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Compounds
Hydrocarbons
Functional Groups
Homologous Series
Chemistry of carbon compounds (C-H bonds important, but some…
Compounds containing C and H atoms only, examples include alk…
Specific atom or group of atoms bonded in a certain arrangeme…
A group of organic chemical compounds, usually listed in orde…
Organic Compounds
Chemistry of carbon compounds (C-H bonds important, but some…
Hydrocarbons
Compounds containing C and H atoms only, examples include alk…
15 terms
Organic Chemistry functional groups
acid chloride
Alcohol
Aldehyde
Alkane
-COCl
-OH (hydroxy group)
C=O (carbonyl group)
single bond (not functional group)
acid chloride
-COCl
Alcohol
-OH (hydroxy group)
10 terms
Quiz I Organic Chemistry
The C-C sigma bond in ethyne results f…
Which molecule would be linear? (Hint:…
How many sigma (1s-2sp3) bonds are the…
What is the formal charge on oxygen in…
wrong:... 2p, 2p... *2sp3, 2sp3... 2sp2-2sp2... 2sp, 2sp... 2sp-1s
*HCN ... H2O2 ... H2S... OF2... SO2
wrong:... 1 ... 6... 2... *7... 5
-2... +2... *+1... -1... 0
The C-C sigma bond in ethyne results f…
wrong:... 2p, 2p... *2sp3, 2sp3... 2sp2-2sp2... 2sp, 2sp... 2sp-1s
Which molecule would be linear? (Hint:…
*HCN ... H2O2 ... H2S... OF2... SO2
37 terms
Organic Chemistry
organic molecule
organic chemistry
alkane
alkene
any molecule with carbon excluding carbon dioxide and carbona…
study of organic molecules their properties and reactions
simple hydrocarbons all with single Carbon-Carbon bonds
hydrocarbon with at least one double bond between 2 carbons
organic molecule
any molecule with carbon excluding carbon dioxide and carbona…
organic chemistry
study of organic molecules their properties and reactions
30 terms
Organic Chemistry
alkane
alkene
alkyne
meth-
a hydrocarbon containing only single covalent bonds
A hydrocarbon that contains a double bond.
a carbon compound with a carbon-carbon triple bond.
1 carbon
alkane
a hydrocarbon containing only single covalent bonds
alkene
A hydrocarbon that contains a double bond.
Organic Chemistry
Ether
Carbonyl
Aldehyde
Ketone
C-O-C
Carbon atom double bonded to an oxygen atom
Oxygen double bonded to a carbon atom which is bonded to a hy…
Carbonyl carbon atom bonded to two carbon groups
Ether
C-O-C
Carbonyl
Carbon atom double bonded to an oxygen atom
Chapter 22 Organic Chemistry
fullerene
graphite
delocalized electron
organic compound
a dark-colored solid made of spherically networked carbonatom…
a soft, black, crystalline form of carbon that is a fair cond…
an electron shared by more than two atoms
a covalently bonded compound containing carbon, excluding car…
fullerene
a dark-colored solid made of spherically networked carbonatom…
graphite
a soft, black, crystalline form of carbon that is a fair cond…
20 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Fractional Distillation
Homologous Series
The study of carbon and its compounds.
Compounds containing only carbon and hydrogen
A process of separating petroleum into components with differ…
A group of organic compounds with related structures and prop…
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon and its compounds.
Hydrocarbons
Compounds containing only carbon and hydrogen
18 terms
Organic Chemistry Vocab
saturated
unsaturated
branched
hydrocarbon
describes an organic molecule no double or triple bonds betwe…
describes an organic molecule with at least one double or tri…
describes a hydrocarbon that is not just a single chain or ca…
the general term for an organic molecule made of only hydroge…
saturated
describes an organic molecule no double or triple bonds betwe…
unsaturated
describes an organic molecule with at least one double or tri…
Organic Chemistry
chemical bond
pH scale
acid
base
link formed by two electrons that binds atoms together; where…
measurement system used to indicate how acidic or basic a sub…
compound that release H+ ions in solution; pH less than 7
compound that releases OH- ions in solution; pH greater than 7
chemical bond
link formed by two electrons that binds atoms together; where…
pH scale
measurement system used to indicate how acidic or basic a sub…
21 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Homologous series
Alkanes
Study of carbon compounds
Chemical compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen
A group of organic compounds with the same general formula an…
Hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds and have the gene…
Organic Chemistry
Study of carbon compounds
Hydrocarbons
Chemical compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen
14 terms
Organic Chemistry
alkanes
alkenes
alkynes
arenes
---... -ane... CnH2n+2
alkenyl... -ene... CnH2n
alkynyl... -yne... CnH2n-2
phenyl... ---... CnH2n-6
alkanes
---... -ane... CnH2n+2
alkenes
alkenyl... -ene... CnH2n
46 terms
Organic Chemistry Chapter 2
Acid-dissociation constant (Ka)
Arrhenius acid
Arrhenius base
Bronsted-Lowry acid
The equilibrium constant for the reaction of the acid with wa…
dissociates in water to form H3O+
dissociates in water to form OH-
proton donor
Acid-dissociation constant (Ka)
The equilibrium constant for the reaction of the acid with wa…
Arrhenius acid
dissociates in water to form H3O+
Organic Chemistry: Chapter 3
Heterolytically
Homolytically
Mechanism
Bronsted Acid
Two electrons going to one atom and none to the other.
One electron going to each atom.
Step by step analysis of a chemical reaction which shows the…
Donates a proton
Heterolytically
Two electrons going to one atom and none to the other.
Homolytically
One electron going to each atom.
23 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
prefix for ten carbons
all single bonds
One double bond, rest single bonds
one triple bond, rest single bonds
deca
Alkane
all single bonds
Alkene
One double bond, rest single bonds
40 terms
Organic Chemistry
alkanes
naming branched alkanes/alkenes/alkynes
condensed formula
alkenes
single bonds
-longest carbon chain... -add "-yl" to the branch groups... -use nu…
summarizing how many Hs are bonded to each C ... (ex: CH3CH2CH2O…
contains at least 1 double-bond
alkanes
single bonds
naming branched alkanes/alkenes/alkynes
-longest carbon chain... -add "-yl" to the branch groups... -use nu…
23 terms
Organic chemistry
Homolytic breaking bond
Homolytic bond formation
Heterolytic breaking bond
Heterolytic bond formation
One bonding electron stays with each product
One bonding electron is donated by each reactant, also known…
Two bonding electrons stay with one product, also known as un…
Two bonding electors are donated by one reactant
Homolytic breaking bond
One bonding electron stays with each product
Homolytic bond formation
One bonding electron is donated by each reactant, also known…
Functional Groups in Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Alcohol
Name this functional group.
Name this functional group.
Name this functional group.
Name this functional group.
Alkane
Name this functional group.
Alkene
Name this functional group.
Organic Chemistry
linear
trigonal planar
tetrahedral
bipyramidal & trigonal
1 or 2 electron groups. 180 degree bond angle
3 electron groups. 120 degree bond angle
4 electron groups. 109 degree bond angle
5 electron groups. 3 equatorial groups 120 degree bond angle.…
linear
1 or 2 electron groups. 180 degree bond angle
trigonal planar
3 electron groups. 120 degree bond angle
organic chemistry
organic substances
glucose
water
sodium chloride
contain CH
organic
inorganic
inorganic
organic substances
contain CH
glucose
organic
31 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Aromatic compound
Hydrocarbon... Single bonds... No functional group
Hydrocarbon... Double bonds
Hydrocarbon ... Triple bond
Strong odor... Phenyl group
Alkane
Hydrocarbon... Single bonds... No functional group
Alkene
Hydrocarbon... Double bonds
20 terms
Organic Chemistry
How many covalent bonds can a carbon a…
The diversity of organic compounds is…
Which formula shows the numbers and ty…
Isomers are compounds that have..
4
compounds have many isomers
Molecular Formula
the same molecular formulas but have different structural for…
How many covalent bonds can a carbon a…
4
The diversity of organic compounds is…
compounds have many isomers
173 terms
Organic chemistry exam 2
sources of alkanes
natural sources of alkanes
what is in methane ice
what is in natural gas
natural and synthetic
methane ice... natural gas... petroleum... tar sands... oil shales
CH4
mehtane, ethane, propane,butane, and Helium
sources of alkanes
natural and synthetic
natural sources of alkanes
methane ice... natural gas... petroleum... tar sands... oil shales
1 of 10