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Study sets matching "organic molecule"

Organic Molecule
Organic Molecules
2 types of Molecules
Inorganic
Organic
Compounds formed by bonding 2 or more elements
1. Inorganic... 2. Organic
Doesn't contain Carbon ... Can always return to native state ... ex…
Must contain at least 1 Carbon -Hydrogen bond (c-h)... Can not b…
Organic Molecules
Compounds formed by bonding 2 or more elements
2 types of Molecules
1. Inorganic... 2. Organic
55 terms
Organic Molecule
Atom
Neutron
Proton
Atomic number
Basic unit of a chemical element
Building block of the nucleus of the atom that is neutrally c…
Building block of nucleus, positively charged.
Helps determine overall charge of atom.
Atom
Basic unit of a chemical element
Neutron
Building block of the nucleus of the atom that is neutrally c…
27 terms
Organic Molecules
Organic
Carbohydrate
Glucose
Glycogen
Carbon containing compounds that make up living things; four…
Organic molecule that functions in short term energy storage
Short term energy storage; blood sugar; C6H12O6
Complex Carbohydrate; energy storage in animals
Organic
Carbon containing compounds that make up living things; four…
Carbohydrate
Organic molecule that functions in short term energy storage
45 terms
Organic Molecules
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate
A chain of a bunch of similar small molecules
A single molecule that is chained together with similar molec…
This type of molecule provides short-term energy for cells
This type of molecule is made of monosaccharides linked toget…
Polymer
A chain of a bunch of similar small molecules
Monomer
A single molecule that is chained together with similar molec…
42 terms
Organic Molecules
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Lipids
Lipids
Which organic molecule provides structural support for animal…
Which organic molecule is responsible for the make-up of DNA…
Which organic molecule provides us with long term energy stor…
Which molecule can be tested for using the "paper bag test?"
Proteins
Which organic molecule provides structural support for animal…
Nucleic Acids
Which organic molecule is responsible for the make-up of DNA…
44 terms
Organic Molecule Test
Carbohydrate monomer examples
What bonds form between monosaccharides?
Isomers in carbohydrates
monosaccaharide functions
monosaccharides made up of 3-6 carbons in a chain or ring... ex:…
Glycosidic bonds
Glucose and fructose (structural), glucose and galactose (ste…
provides most energy, used to make more complex carbohydrates
Carbohydrate monomer examples
monosaccharides made up of 3-6 carbons in a chain or ring... ex:…
What bonds form between monosaccharides?
Glycosidic bonds
Organic molecules
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Protein
nucleic acid
Main source of energy
consists of a head and a tail
Helps with transport and aids in muscle contraction
stores genetic information
Carbohydrates
Main source of energy
Lipids
consists of a head and a tail
24 terms
organic molecules
monomer of protein
monomer of carbohydrate
monomer of lipids
monomer of nucleic acid
amino acids
monosaccharide
fatty acids and glycerol
nucleotide
monomer of protein
amino acids
monomer of carbohydrate
monosaccharide
15 terms
Organic Molecules: The Molecules of Life
macromolecule
sugar
ring
Carbon
a large and complex molecule, which are usually composed of s…
the single section, the monomer, of a complex carbohydrate st…
the generalized shape of a single-sugar molecule
the element that forms the backbone of all organic molecules
macromolecule
a large and complex molecule, which are usually composed of s…
sugar
the single section, the monomer, of a complex carbohydrate st…
Organic Molecules
organic
inorganic
monosaccharide
disaccharide
compounds that contain carbon
compounds that don't contain carbon
a simple sugar that is the basic subunit, or monomer, of a ca…
A molecule composed of two monosaccharides. Common disacchari…
organic
compounds that contain carbon
inorganic
compounds that don't contain carbon
31 terms
organic molecule
carbohydrate monomer
lipids monomer
protein monomer
Nucleic acid monomer
monoscaride, quick energy
glycerol, fatty acids, energy storage in cell memberane
amino acids, enzymes, hair, muscle growth
nucleotide, code genetic traits
carbohydrate monomer
monoscaride, quick energy
lipids monomer
glycerol, fatty acids, energy storage in cell memberane
13 terms
Organic Molecules
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
macromolecule
monomer
a chemical reaction that joins smaller molecules together to…
a chemical reaction that breaks down larger molecules into sm…
a large, complex molecule made of chains of smaller molecules
a small, building block molecule that combines through chemic…
dehydration synthesis
a chemical reaction that joins smaller molecules together to…
hydrolysis
a chemical reaction that breaks down larger molecules into sm…
45 terms
Organic Molecule Review
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate
A chain of a bunch of similar small molecules
A single molecule that is chained together with similar molec…
This type of molecule provides short-term energy for cells
This type of molecule is made of monosaccharides linked toget…
Polymer
A chain of a bunch of similar small molecules
Monomer
A single molecule that is chained together with similar molec…
17 terms
Organic Molecules
organic molecules
carbohydrate
starch
monosaccharide
Carbon-based molecules
A simple or complex compound composed of carbon, oxygen and h…
A complex carbohydrate found in potatoes, rice, corn, and man…
monomer of carbohydrate, A single sugar molecule such as gluc…
organic molecules
Carbon-based molecules
carbohydrate
A simple or complex compound composed of carbon, oxygen and h…
Organic Molecules
Proteins
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Nucleic Acids
Large molecules made up of smaller molecules called amino aci…
Made up of sugar molecules which used to make energy.
These are fats which store energy for the body to use when ca…
Store information that provide instructions for cells and det…
Proteins
Large molecules made up of smaller molecules called amino aci…
Carbohydrates
Made up of sugar molecules which used to make energy.
8 terms
Organic Molecules
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Molecular sub unit of a polymer
large, carbon-based molecule formed by monomers
Molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; includes s…
Non polar molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
Monomer
Molecular sub unit of a polymer
Polymer
large, carbon-based molecule formed by monomers
27 terms
Organic Molecule
Organic Molecule
Inorganic
Polymers
Monomers
Only chemical substance with carbon.... Carbs, Lipids, Proteins…
Chemical substance WITHOUT carbon.
Large molecule composed of repeating subunits. Many organic m…
Term for subunits.
Organic Molecule
Only chemical substance with carbon.... Carbs, Lipids, Proteins…
Inorganic
Chemical substance WITHOUT carbon.
14 terms
Organic Molecules
Polymer
Organic Molecule
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
A long chain of small molecular units (monomers)
carbon based molecule
Organic Compound made of sugar molecules
Sugar containing one-sugar unit
Polymer
A long chain of small molecular units (monomers)
Organic Molecule
carbon based molecule
9 terms
Organic Molecules
Glycogen
Glucose
Fatty Acid
Saturated fatty acid
polysaccharide that is used in muscles and liver to store ene…
Monomer of a lipid
lipid that has no double bonds
Glycogen
polysaccharide that is used in muscles and liver to store ene…
Glucose
17 terms
Organic Molecules
glucose
sucrose
tryglyceride
lactose
glucose
sucrose
12 terms
Organic Molecules
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
the subunit of a polymer
many monomers together
sugars
one simple sugar
monomer
the subunit of a polymer
polymer
many monomers together
42 terms
Organic Molecules
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
Lipids
Lipids
Which organic molecule provides structural support for animal…
Which organic molecule is responsible for the make-up of DNA…
Which organic molecule provides us with long term energy stor…
Which molecule can be tested for using the "paper bag test?"
Proteins
Which organic molecule provides structural support for animal…
Nucleic Acids
Which organic molecule is responsible for the make-up of DNA…
33 terms
Organic Molecules
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate
A chain of a bunch of similar small molecules
A single molecule that is chained together with similar molec…
This type of molecule provides short-term energy for cells
This type of molecule is made of monosaccharides linked toget…
Polymer
A chain of a bunch of similar small molecules
Monomer
A single molecule that is chained together with similar molec…
38 terms
Organic Molecules
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate
A chain of a bunch of monomers
A single molecule that is chained together with similar molec…
This type of molecule provides short-term energy for cells
This type of molecule is made of monosaccharides linked toget…
Polymer
A chain of a bunch of monomers
Monomer
A single molecule that is chained together with similar molec…
110 terms
Organic Molecules
What are organic molecules synthesized…
What do organic molecules contain?
What makes up the backbone for organic…
What are the four types of biomolecules?
living organisms
carbon
carbon
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleotides
What are organic molecules synthesized…
living organisms
What do organic molecules contain?
carbon
17 terms
Organic Molecules
lipid
protein
nucleic acid
carbohydrate
A group of organic compounds composed mostly of carbon, hydro…
A group of organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxyg…
A large biomolecule made up of C,H, O, N, and P ; consisting…
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
lipid
A group of organic compounds composed mostly of carbon, hydro…
protein
A group of organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxyg…
21 terms
Organic molecules
Amino Acid
glucose
waxes, steroids, oils are examples
monosaccharide
Protein
carbs
lipid
carbs
Amino Acid
Protein
glucose
carbs
8 terms
Organic Molecules
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Molecular sub unit of a polymer
large, carbon-based molecule formed by monomers
Molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; includes s…
Non polar molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen;…
Monomer
Molecular sub unit of a polymer
Polymer
large, carbon-based molecule formed by monomers
8 terms
Organic Molecule
Carbohydrates Monomer
Carbohydrates Key Elements
Carbohydrates Functions
Carbohydrates Examples
Monosaccharide 'one' 'sugar'
Carbon, Hydrogen, & Oxygen
Main source of energy for living things, and structure in pla…
Glucose, Galactose, Starch, Sucrose & Fructose
Carbohydrates Monomer
Monosaccharide 'one' 'sugar'
Carbohydrates Key Elements
Carbon, Hydrogen, & Oxygen
8 terms
Organic Molecule
Nucleic acids
proteins
lipids
carbohydrates
nucleotides
amino acids
fatty acids and glycerol
monosaccharides
Nucleic acids
nucleotides
proteins
amino acids
organic molecule
organic molecule
inorganic molecule
monomer
polymer
Organic molecules are usually made up of carbon atoms
they are usually not found in living organisms
a molecule that weighs less then others but has the same capa…
a compound of high molecular weight derived either by the add…
organic molecule
Organic molecules are usually made up of carbon atoms
inorganic molecule
they are usually not found in living organisms
16 terms
Organic molecule
Carbohydrates ... monomer
Carbohydrates ... Key elements
Carbohydrates ... Functions
Carbohydrates... Examples
Monosacchardic... '1' 'sugar'
Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen... 1:2:1
Main source of energy for living things
Glucose, galactose, fructose, sucrose, lactose
Carbohydrates ... monomer
Monosacchardic... '1' 'sugar'
Carbohydrates ... Key elements
Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen... 1:2:1
49 terms
Organic Molecules
organic
inorganic
monosaccharide
disaccharide
compounds that contain carbon
compounds that don't contain carbon
a simple sugar that is the basic subunit, or monomer, of a ca…
A molecule composed of two monosaccharides. Common disacchari…
organic
compounds that contain carbon
inorganic
compounds that don't contain carbon
24 terms
Organic Molecule
Carbohydrate elements
Carbohydrate monomer
Carbohydrate function
Carbohydrate examples
C, H, O 1:2:1 Ratio
monosaccharide (glucose)
energy source, structure
glucose, cellulose, starch, glycogen, chitin
Carbohydrate elements
C, H, O 1:2:1 Ratio
Carbohydrate monomer
monosaccharide (glucose)
25 terms
Organic Molecules
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
a single unit that may be repeated to form a larger structure
a large structure that can be divided into smaller units that…
organic molecule that is composed of monosaccharides; commonl…
organic molecule that is composed of fatty acid chains; commo…
monomer
a single unit that may be repeated to form a larger structure
polymer
a large structure that can be divided into smaller units that…
46 terms
Organic Molecule
long chain of monomers
structural carbohydrate exoskeleton of…
non-polar organic molecule made of ami…
monomer of carbohydrate
polymer
chitin
protein
monosaccharide
long chain of monomers
polymer
structural carbohydrate exoskeleton of…
chitin
29 terms
Organic Molecule
Toluene
Styrene
Analine
Phenol
Aromic compound
Aromic compound
Aromic compound
Aromic compound
Toluene
Aromic compound
Styrene
Aromic compound
39 terms
ORGANIC MOLECULE
Polysaccharide
Monosaccharide
Steroid
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protien
Polysaccharide
Carbohydrate
Monosaccharide
Carbohydrate
21 terms
organic molecule
organic molecules
polymers
carbonhydrates
example of carbonhydrates
store energy
made of building blocks called monomers
energy for the cell
sugars and starches
organic molecules
store energy
polymers
made of building blocks called monomers
15 terms
Organic Molecule
Lipids
Lipids
Nucleic acid
Protein
This organic molecule can consist of glycerol bonded to fatty…
Example include steroids, triglycerides, and phospholipid
A polymer compose of nucleotides. Nucleotides consist of a 5-…
Functions to speed up chemical reactions (enzymes or catalyst…
Lipids
This organic molecule can consist of glycerol bonded to fatty…
Lipids
Example include steroids, triglycerides, and phospholipid
46 terms
Organic Molecule
Organic molecules
Monomer
Polymer
Dehydration Synthesis
Molecules that make up living and once living things
Subunit of a macromolecule
chains of monomers that make up a macromolecules
Joining monomers to form polymers
Organic molecules
Molecules that make up living and once living things
Monomer
Subunit of a macromolecule
28 terms
Organic Molecules
Abiotic
Biotic
Characteristics of life
Homeostasis
Any nonliving component of an environment
Describes living factors in the environment.
Growth, Organization, Homeostasis, Energy Use, Reproduction,…
Maintaining a constant internal environment
Abiotic
Any nonliving component of an environment
Biotic
Describes living factors in the environment.
15 terms
Organic Molecules
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Dehydration Synthesis
Indicator
organic molecule composed of ring-like sugars. ... Used to perfo…
organic molecule used in energy storage. ... Fats.
the removal of water in order to stick smaller molecules toge…
Chemicals that detect specific organic molecules by changing…
Carbohydrates
organic molecule composed of ring-like sugars. ... Used to perfo…
Lipids
organic molecule used in energy storage. ... Fats.
27 terms
Organic Molecules
Carbon
Monomer
Polymer
macromolecule
Element of all organic compounds
Small units of organic compounds
Large chain of monomers joined together
Large organic molecules
Carbon
Element of all organic compounds
Monomer
Small units of organic compounds
45 terms
Organic Molecules
Polymer
Monomer
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate
A chain of a bunch of similar small molecules
A single molecule that is chained together with similar molec…
This type of molecule provides short-term energy for cells
This type of molecule is made of monosaccharides linked toget…
Polymer
A chain of a bunch of similar small molecules
Monomer
A single molecule that is chained together with similar molec…
14 terms
Organic molecule
Inorganic molecule
Organic molecule
Monomer
Polymer
Are found everywhere, inside organisms and out in the enviorn…
Are the molecules that build organisms: "living things" = mac…
Single building block smallest organic molecule
Monomer+monomer+momomer: many monomers stuck together to buil…
Inorganic molecule
Are found everywhere, inside organisms and out in the enviorn…
Organic molecule
Are the molecules that build organisms: "living things" = mac…
22 terms
organic molecules
alkanes
alkenes
alkynes
diene
CnH2n+2... single bonds
CnH2n... double bonds
CnH2n-2... triple bonds
CnH2n... 2 double bonds
alkanes
CnH2n+2... single bonds
alkenes
CnH2n... double bonds
57 terms
Organic Molecules
Organic (Macro) Molecules
Carbohydrate building blocks
Carbohydrate ratio
Glycogen
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
1 carbon : 2 hydrogen : 1 oxygen
Stored glucose in animal cells
Organic (Macro) Molecules
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
Carbohydrate building blocks
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
32 terms
Organic Molecules
carbohydrates
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
a sugar (monosaccharide) or one of its dimers (disaccharide)…
the simplest carbohydrate, active alone or serving as a monom…
a double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by a…
Polymers of simple sugars covalently linked by glycosidic bonds
carbohydrates
a sugar (monosaccharide) or one of its dimers (disaccharide)…
monosaccharide
the simplest carbohydrate, active alone or serving as a monom…
11 terms
Organic Molecules
Monomers
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids
Building Blocks... A chemical subunit that serves as a building…
Monomer:... Monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides.... Mai…
Monomer:... Amino Acids... Any of a group of complex organic macrom…
Monomer:... Glycerol and Fatty Acids... a source of stored energy,…
Monomers
Building Blocks... A chemical subunit that serves as a building…
Carbohydrates
Monomer:... Monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides.... Mai…
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