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Study sets matching "organic"

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Study sets matching "organic"

11 terms
Organic
Ketone
Alkyl Halide
Aldehyde
Alkene
Ketone
Alkyl Halide
14 terms
Organic
Vinyl
Allyl
Phenyl
Benzyl
Vinyl
Allyl
41 terms
organic
acide
acide prefixe
acide sufixe
ester
carboxy...
...oique
acide
acide prefixe
carboxy...
15 terms
Organic
t-butyl
neopentyl
isopropyl
sec-butyl
t-butyl
neopentyl
28 terms
organic
Ch3ch2oh
with 2k give pottasium tet butoxide
hydroboration
Oxymercuration
Ethylene with h20
2 tert-butyl alcohol
Gives you alcohol trans anti markovnikov
cis markovnikov addition
Ch3ch2oh
Ethylene with h20
with 2k give pottasium tet butoxide
2 tert-butyl alcohol
59 terms
Organic
# of Carbons: 1
# of Carbons: 2
# of Carbons: 3
# of Carbons: 4
Meth-
Eth-
Prop-
But-
# of Carbons: 1
Meth-
# of Carbons: 2
Eth-
11 terms
Organic
Hydrocarbon
Saturated
Unsaturated
Alkane
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
Contains only single bonds
Contains at least one double or triple bond
a hydrocarbon containing only single covalent bonds
Hydrocarbon
Compounds composed of only carbon and hydrogen
Saturated
Contains only single bonds
22 terms
organic
amine
ether
alcohol
thiol
amine
ether
12 terms
Organic
alkane
alkene
alkyne
halocarbon
alkane
alkene
24 terms
Organic
1
2
3
4
meth
eth
prop
but
1
meth
2
eth
55 terms
Organic
isobutyl
isopropyl
sec-butyl
t-butyl
isobutyl
isopropyl
49 terms
Organic
Covalent
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
Homologous Series
When 2 atoms "share" electrons
The lowest whole # ratio of atoms in a compound
The actual number of atoms in a compound
The series of hydrocarbons that follows the formula C(n)H(an+b)
Covalent
When 2 atoms "share" electrons
Empirical Formula
The lowest whole # ratio of atoms in a compound
13 terms
Organic
isobutyl
t-butyl
epoxide
allyl
isobutyl
t-butyl
92 terms
organic
Examples of carbohydrates
Polysaccharide
Ketone
Aldehyde
sugars, starches, and polysaccharides
simple sugar linked together
carbon double bonded to oxygen, "o" in the middle
carbon double bonded to oxygen and single bonded to hydrogen,…
Examples of carbohydrates
sugars, starches, and polysaccharides
Polysaccharide
simple sugar linked together
6 terms
Organic
Alcohol ... -ol
Ether... short -oxy long(ane)
Aldehyde... -al
Ketone... -one
Alcohol ... -ol
Ether... short -oxy long(ane)
17 terms
Organic
Addition of HCl,HBr/Ether
Additions of halogens Cl2/CCl4 and Br2…
Halohydrin Cl2/h20 or Br2/h20
Keytone
H and Cl are added
Cl and Cl Br and Br Trans
OH and Cl or OH and Br OH takes the most stable C
Addition of HCl,HBr/Ether
H and Cl are added
Additions of halogens Cl2/CCl4 and Br2…
Cl and Cl Br and Br Trans
19 terms
Organic
Alkane
n-
iso-
neo-
CH₄, C₂H₆
long chain
move one C to different spot
connect all off one C
Alkane
CH₄, C₂H₆
n-
long chain
22 terms
Organic
Ester
Ether
Alcohol
Aldehyde
Ester
Ether
8 terms
Organic
Esterification
Fermentation
Saponification
Polymerization (Condensation)
a
a
a
a
Esterification
a
Fermentation
a
Organic
hydrocarbon
isomer
structural formula
structural isomer
an organic compound composed only of carbon and hydrogen
Compounds with the same formula but different structures.
A type of molecular notation in which the constituent atoms a…
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in…
hydrocarbon
an organic compound composed only of carbon and hydrogen
isomer
Compounds with the same formula but different structures.
22 terms
organic
amine
ether
alcohol
thiol
amine
ether
31 terms
Organic
functional group
alkanes
alkenes
alkynes
Groups of atoms which contribute to the properties of a given…
Saturated hydrocarbons containing C-C and C-H single bonds wi…
Unsaturated hydrocarbons containing C and H double bonds with…
Unsaturated hydrocarbons containing C and H triple bonds with…
functional group
Groups of atoms which contribute to the properties of a given…
alkanes
Saturated hydrocarbons containing C-C and C-H single bonds wi…
71 terms
Organic
Formation of Fossil Fuels
Examples of Fossil Fuels
Burning Fossil Fuels
Non-Renewable
Oil and natural gas were formed from tiny animals and plants…
Coal... Oil... Diesel... Paraffin... LPG (Liquid Petroleum Gas)... Peat... Natu…
Fossil Fuel + Oxygen --> Carbon Dioxide + Water + Heat
Fossil Fuels are non-renewable which means that they cannot b…
Formation of Fossil Fuels
Oil and natural gas were formed from tiny animals and plants…
Examples of Fossil Fuels
Coal... Oil... Diesel... Paraffin... LPG (Liquid Petroleum Gas)... Peat... Natu…
11 terms
organic
HX
HX/ ROOR
H30^+
1.Hg(OAc)2, H2O/2. NaBH4
M-addition of X
Anti-M addition of X
M-Addition of OH
M-addition of OH
HX
M-addition of X
HX/ ROOR
Anti-M addition of X
28 terms
Organic
Cold KMnO4
RCO3H
BH3, H2O2
H2O/ HgOAc, NaBH4
adds 2 syn OH groups
forms epoxide... adds 2 anti oh groups
Breaks double bond... Adds BH2... H2O2 strips off BH2 adds OH
Breaks double bond adds OH... Adds HgOAc to end ... NaBH4 strips of…
Cold KMnO4
adds 2 syn OH groups
RCO3H
forms epoxide... adds 2 anti oh groups
20 terms
Organs!
Heart
Lungs
Skin
Liver
Function: Pumps blood through the body over and over again ... S…
Function: The primary function of the lungs is respiration. T…
Function: Regulates body temperature, elongates wastes, gathe…
Function: Makes urea from the breakdown of proteins in the bo…
Heart
Function: Pumps blood through the body over and over again ... S…
Lungs
Function: The primary function of the lungs is respiration. T…
54 terms
Organic
1) Hydrocarbons containing only single…
Hydrocarbons containing carbon-carbon…
Alkynes always contain a __________.... A…
The minimum number of carbons necessar…
D
C
B
A
1) Hydrocarbons containing only single…
D
Hydrocarbons containing carbon-carbon…
C
20 terms
Organic
Structural Isomers
StereoIsomers
Enantiomers (optical isomers)
Cahn-Ingold-Prelog (CIP) Rules
Molecules with the same molecular formula but have a differen…
Same molecular formula and sequence of bonded atoms but diffe…
Chiral molecules that are mirror images of one another. The m…
Used for assigning a chiral centre R or S... 1) rank 4 substitue…
Structural Isomers
Molecules with the same molecular formula but have a differen…
StereoIsomers
Same molecular formula and sequence of bonded atoms but diffe…
37 terms
Organic Reactions
Haloalkane
Substitution reaction
Nucleophile
Heterolytic fission
An alkane molecule containing at least one halogen atom.
A reaction where one atom is replaced/substituted for another.
A atoms or groups of atoms which are attracted towards atoms…
When the bond between atoms breaks and one atom retains both…
Haloalkane
An alkane molecule containing at least one halogen atom.
Substitution reaction
A reaction where one atom is replaced/substituted for another.
8 terms
Organic
hydrocarbons
Types of Hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbanes
Unsaturated
covalent molecules that only have hydrogen and carbon
Alkenes... Alkanes... Alkynes
have only single bonds
have double or more bonds
hydrocarbons
covalent molecules that only have hydrogen and carbon
Types of Hydrocarbon
Alkenes... Alkanes... Alkynes
166 terms
Organic
How does oxidation state increase?
How does oxidation state decrease?
Difference between aldehydes and keton…
Carboxylic acids contain what two grou…
More bonds to hetero-atoms (O, N, P)
More bonds to hydrogen
Aldehydes: chain terminating... Ketones: carbonyl group in the m…
Carbonyl and hydroxyl group
How does oxidation state increase?
More bonds to hetero-atoms (O, N, P)
How does oxidation state decrease?
More bonds to hydrogen
63 terms
Organic
Alkyl
Carbonyl
Alkane
Aldehyde
Carbon group
C=O group
- No functional group... - Single c-c bonds or c-h bonds ... - they…
Ending in al
Alkyl
Carbon group
Carbonyl
C=O group
23 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Ketone
Alkane
Alkene
11 terms
Organic
Organic plants recieve nutrition and p…
Advantage of organic?
Disadvantage of organic?
Organic production:
True
Healthier
More expensive
Biodiversity... Integration... Sustainability ... Natural plant nutrit…
Organic plants recieve nutrition and p…
True
Advantage of organic?
Healthier
10 terms
Organic
1
2
3
4
Meth
Eth (ethane)
Prop (propane)
But (butane)
1
Meth
2
Eth (ethane)
25 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Alkene
Alkyne
Alcohol
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkane
has only single bonded carbons and hydrogens
Alkene
20 terms
Organic Chemistry
4
compounds have many isomers
molecular formula
same molecular formula, but different…
How many covalent bonds can carbon usually form?
Why is the diversity of organic compounds so great?
Which formula shows the numbers and types of atoms in a molec…
What is an isomer?
4
How many covalent bonds can carbon usually form?
compounds have many isomers
Why is the diversity of organic compounds so great?
23 terms
Organs
Uterine Horn/Horns
Gall bladder
Heart
Kidney
Uterine Horn/Horns
Gall bladder
11 terms
Organic
reducing agent for alkenes to alkanes
can open epoxies
Alkyne to trans alkene
Alkyne to cis alkene
H2 Pd
1)LAH 2) H+, H20
Na/NH3
Landline's catalyst Pb/CaCO3, Lead acetate, and quinoline
reducing agent for alkenes to alkanes
H2 Pd
can open epoxies
1)LAH 2) H+, H20
51 terms
Organic
nucleophile
electrophiles
heterolytic fission
leaving group
electron rich and attack areas of electron deficiency... -Lewis…
electron deficient and accept electron pairs from a nucleophi…
both shared electrons go to one product
the halogen that is detached
nucleophile
electron rich and attack areas of electron deficiency... -Lewis…
electrophiles
electron deficient and accept electron pairs from a nucleophi…
40 terms
Organic Chemistry
alkanes
naming branched alkanes/alkenes/alkynes
condensed formula
alkenes
single bonds
-longest carbon chain... -add "-yl" to the branch groups... -use nu…
summarizing how many Hs are bonded to each C ... (ex: CH3CH2CH2O…
contains at least 1 double-bond
alkanes
single bonds
naming branched alkanes/alkenes/alkynes
-longest carbon chain... -add "-yl" to the branch groups... -use nu…
19 terms
Organic
What is the equation for the molecular…
Acyclic alkanes are also called what b…
All C atoms in an alkane are surrounde…
What is the definition of an isomer?
C(n)H(2n+2); n= an integer
Saturated Hydrocarbons
sp^3 hybridized, tetrahedral, w/ bond angles of 109.5°
2 different compounds with the same molecular formula
What is the equation for the molecular…
C(n)H(2n+2); n= an integer
Acyclic alkanes are also called what b…
Saturated Hydrocarbons
20 terms
organic
DIBAL-H turns an ester into?
DIBAL-H turns an aldehyde into?
DIBAL-H turns an acid chloride into wh…
DIBAL-H turns a ketone into what?
aldehyde
DNR
aldehyde
DNR
DIBAL-H turns an ester into?
aldehyde
DIBAL-H turns an aldehyde into?
DNR
48 terms
Organic Chemistry
Alkane
Van der Waals forces
Organic compound
Alkyl group
A saturated hydrocarbon (contains C-C bonds).
Intermolecular forces (forces of attraction between molecules).
A compound containing carbon atoms (exceptions: CO, CO2, HCN…
An alkane with one hydrogen missing - bonds to the parent cha…
Alkane
A saturated hydrocarbon (contains C-C bonds).
Van der Waals forces
Intermolecular forces (forces of attraction between molecules).
16 terms
Organic "elements"
R
Me
Et
Pr (n-Pr)
alkyl
methyl
ethyl
propyl
R
alkyl
Me
methyl
20 terms
Organs!
Heart
Lungs
Skin
Liver
Function: Pumps blood through the body over and over again ... S…
Function: The primary function of the lungs is respiration. T…
Function: Regulates body temperature, elongates wastes, gathe…
Function: Makes urea from the breakdown of proteins in the bo…
Heart
Function: Pumps blood through the body over and over again ... S…
Lungs
Function: The primary function of the lungs is respiration. T…
74 terms
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Alcohol
Phenyl group
Ketone
The study of carbon, its structures and reactivity.
Organic Chemistry
The study of carbon, its structures and reactivity.
Alcohol
11 terms
Organisms
Adaptation
Asexual reproduction
cell
deoxyribonucleic acid DNA
organism changes to increase survival
organism is made from one parent
a tiny unit that has all the materials needed for life.
a molecule in cells that holds genetic information.
Adaptation
organism changes to increase survival
Asexual reproduction
organism is made from one parent
16 terms
Organisms
biological diversity
cell
cell division
cell membrane
the presence of many different types of organisms in an ecosy…
the basic unit of all living things (related word: cellular)
the process in which a cell splits in two; part of the proces…
the boundary that surrounds a cell and controls which substan…
biological diversity
the presence of many different types of organisms in an ecosy…
cell
the basic unit of all living things (related word: cellular)
8 terms
Organisms
producer
consumer
predator
prey
An organism that can make its own food.
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
An organism that eats other organisms.
Animal hunted or caught for food
producer
An organism that can make its own food.
consumer
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
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