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Study sets matching "organization of the skeleton bone structure"

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Study sets matching "organization of the skeleton bone structure"

209 terms
Bones of the Skeleton - bones and structures
frontal bone
supraorbital foramen
zygomatic process
frontal sinus
frontal bone
supraorbital foramen
29 terms
ORGANIZATION OF THE SKELETON: Bones
Skull
vertebrae (singular, vertebra)
cervical vertebrae
Cervical
is a collection of flat bones that are fused or hinged togeth…
The spine consists of a series of bony WHAT that extend along…
All mammals (even giraffes!) have seven WHAT?
neck vertebrae
Skull
is a collection of flat bones that are fused or hinged togeth…
vertebrae (singular, vertebra)
The spine consists of a series of bony WHAT that extend along…
14 terms
The Axial Skeleton - Bone Structure
Axial Skeleton
Foramen
Fossa
Sulcus
bones of the skull, vertebral column and ribcage
opening into a bony cavity or between bones through which ves…
a shallow depression in a bone, sometimes made to articulate…
a groove which usually accommodates blood vessels, nerves, or…
Axial Skeleton
bones of the skull, vertebral column and ribcage
Foramen
opening into a bony cavity or between bones through which ves…
60 terms
Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Functions of the Skeleton
Sutural Bones
Consists of the skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum…
Consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
Structural support, framework for attachments, store minerals…
The lines where the three sections of the top/back of the sku…
Axial Skeleton
Consists of the skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum…
Appendicular Skeleton
Consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
45 terms
Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Functions of the Skeletal System
Sutural Bones
Consists of skull, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum
Consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
- Support... - Store minerals and lipids... - Produce blood cells... -…
Variably present between flat bones of the skull
Axial Skeleton
Consists of skull, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum
Appendicular Skeleton
Consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
60 terms
Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Functions of the Skeleton
Sutural Bones
Consists of the skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum…
Consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
Structural support, framework for attachments, store minerals…
The lines where the three sections of the top/back of the sku…
Axial Skeleton
Consists of the skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum…
Appendicular Skeleton
Consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
19 terms
Structure, skeleton, muscle, bone
What type of muscle is under our consc…
The heart uses muscle tissue and conne…
How many bones are in the human (adult…
What kind of muscle tissue is pictured?
Voluntary
Organ
206
Smooth
What type of muscle is under our consc…
Voluntary
The heart uses muscle tissue and conne…
Organ
77 terms
Axial Skeleton Bones and Structures
Coronal Suture
Sagittal Suture
Squamous Suture
Lambdoid Suture
Coronal Suture
Sagittal Suture
32 terms
bones & structures of the axial skeleton********************
Stratum corneum... Stratum lucidum... Stratu…
Manubrium... Body... Xiphoid process... located…
Head... Neck... Tubercle... Costal groove
Body... Pedicle... Transverse process... Lamina…
Name the layers of the epidermis in order
Sternom (axial skeleton)
Ribs (axial skeleton)
Vertebral structures (axial skeleton)
Stratum corneum... Stratum lucidum... Stratu…
Name the layers of the epidermis in order
Manubrium... Body... Xiphoid process... located…
Sternom (axial skeleton)
46 terms
Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Functions of the Skeletal System
Classifications of bones based on shap…
Consissts of skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum),…
Consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
Support (structural support; framework for attachments); stor…
Sutural bones... Flat bones... Irregular bones... Long bones... Short bon…
Axial skeleton
Consissts of skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum),…
Appendicular skeleton
Consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
17 terms
Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
Paranasal Sinuses
functions of the paranasal sinuses
cranium componets
osteoclasts
Air-filled chambers connected to the nasal cavaties
lighten the skull, allow voice to resonate , and are lined by…
frontal, occipital, parietal, temporal, sphenoid, ethmoid
cells that remove bone matrix, releasing stored minerals
Paranasal Sinuses
Air-filled chambers connected to the nasal cavaties
functions of the paranasal sinuses
lighten the skull, allow voice to resonate , and are lined by…
18 terms
Bone Structure & Axial Skeleton
Flat bones
Long bones
Sesamoid bones
Diaphysis
- Thin, roughly parallel surfaces... - Surface area for attachme…
- Elongated, slender bones... - Ex: humerus
- Small bones that develop in tendons, usually found at the k…
- Shaft of a bone
Flat bones
- Thin, roughly parallel surfaces... - Surface area for attachme…
Long bones
- Elongated, slender bones... - Ex: humerus
67 terms
Appendicular Skeleton - Bones & Structures
Clavicle (pectoral girdle)
Scapula (pectoral girdle)
Acromion (scapula)
Coracoid process (scapula)
Clavicle (pectoral girdle)
Scapula (pectoral girdle)
74 terms
Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
frontal bone
nasal bone
vomer
mandible
(forehead)
(nose)
...
(chin)
frontal bone
(forehead)
nasal bone
(nose)
44 terms
Bone Structure & Axial Skeleton
Axial
Appendicular
Functions of Skeletal system
Trochanter
skull, vertebral column, sacrum, ribs, and sternum
upper, and lower extremities, pectoral girdle ( clavicle and…
Support, store minerals & lipids, produce blood cells, protec…
large bump
Axial
skull, vertebral column, sacrum, ribs, and sternum
Appendicular
upper, and lower extremities, pectoral girdle ( clavicle and…
27 terms
Bone structure and axial skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Major functions of skeletal system
Trochanter
consists of... skull, vertebral column... (including the sacrum), r…
consists of bones of the... upper and lower extremities... includin…
Support, store minerals and lipids, produce blood cells, prot…
Large bump
Axial Skeleton
consists of... skull, vertebral column... (including the sacrum), r…
Appendicular skeleton
consists of bones of the... upper and lower extremities... includin…
42 terms
Bone structure and axial skeleton
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Pectoral girdle
Pelvic girdle
Consists of skull, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum
Consists of bones of upoer and lower extremeties
Includes the clavicle and scapula
Includes ilium, ischium, and pubis
Axial skeleton
Consists of skull, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum
Appendicular skeleton
Consists of bones of upoer and lower extremeties
74 terms
Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
frontal bone
nasal bone
vomer
mandible
(forehead)
(nose)
...
(chin)
frontal bone
(forehead)
nasal bone
(nose)
Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
prominent ridge
shallow depression
Extension of a bone that createsan ang…
air filled chamber in bone
crest
fossa
ramus
sinus
prominent ridge
crest
shallow depression
fossa
15 terms
Bones - Structure of the Skeleton (5)
functions of skeletal system
compact bone
cancellous bone
long bones
movement, protection, storage, support, RBC formation
for strength and load bearing
for shock absorbtion
longer than wide, diaphysis, extremities (epiphysis), functio…
functions of skeletal system
movement, protection, storage, support, RBC formation
compact bone
for strength and load bearing
46 terms
axial skeleton and bone structure
Axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
Sutural bones
flat bones
consists of skull, vertebral column, ribs and sternum
consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
present between flat bones of the skull
thin, roughly parallel, surface area for attachment of muscles
Axial skeleton
consists of skull, vertebral column, ribs and sternum
appendicular skeleton
consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
47 terms
Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
Trochanter
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Functions of the skeletal system
large bump
consists of skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum), r…
consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
support... store minerals and lipids... produce blood cells... protect…
Trochanter
large bump
Axial skeleton
consists of skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum), r…
Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
Long Bone
Flat Bone
Sutural Bone
Irregular Bone
longer than they are wide; only in limbs
parietal/cranial bone
only on the skull
unusual shapes that don't fit into any other categories; an e…
Long Bone
longer than they are wide; only in limbs
Flat Bone
parietal/cranial bone
25 terms
(5) Bones- Structure of the Skeleton
Function (Support)
Function (Movement)
Function (Protection)
Function (Storage)
To hold the body weight
Muscles inserts into the bone through tendons creating muscle…
Bone is hard to protect the organs in the body
Calcium storage is essential for bone to maintain its strengt…
Function (Support)
To hold the body weight
Function (Movement)
Muscles inserts into the bone through tendons creating muscle…
40 terms
Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Apendicular Skeleton
Functions of the Skeletal System
Sutural Bones
skull, vertebral column (including sacrum, ribs and sternum
consists of bone of the upper and lower extremities including…
Support... Store minerals and lips (ca; adipose)... Produced blood…
variably present between flat bones of skull
Axial Skeleton
skull, vertebral column (including sacrum, ribs and sternum
Apendicular Skeleton
consists of bone of the upper and lower extremities including…
11 terms
Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
Cutaneous Membrane
What does the dermis consist of
What type of tissue is the Cutaneous M…
Keratinocytes
Epidermis and Dermis
Papillary layer and reticular layer
Dense irregular connective tissue
Epithelial cells in several layers filled with keratin, a fil…
Cutaneous Membrane
Epidermis and Dermis
What does the dermis consist of
Papillary layer and reticular layer
51 terms
Appendicular Skeleton Bones and Structures
Clavicle
Scapula
Glenoid Cavity
Glenoid Cavity
Clavicle
Scapula
17 terms
Appendicular Skeleton (Bones/Structures)
Humerus
Radius
Ulna
Carpal Bones
greater tubercle... lesser tubercle... capitulum... trochlea... coronoid…
styloid process... ulnar notch
coronoid process... olecranon process... radial notch... styloid proce…
scaphoid... lunate... triquetrum... trapezium... trapezoid... capitate... hamat…
Humerus
greater tubercle... lesser tubercle... capitulum... trochlea... coronoid…
Radius
styloid process... ulnar notch
17 terms
Axial Skeleton (Bones/Structures)
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bones
Temporal Bones
Sphenoid Bone
supraorbital foramen... supraorbital margin... glabella
lambdoidal suture... sagittal suture... coronal suture... squamosal su…
external acoustic meatus... internal acoustic meatus... styloid pro…
sella turcica... optic canal... pterygoid process... greater wing... less…
Frontal Bone
supraorbital foramen... supraorbital margin... glabella
Parietal Bones
lambdoidal suture... sagittal suture... coronal suture... squamosal su…
41 terms
Bone Structure of the skeleton (L5)
Functions of skeleton (5)
Bone marrow in children and adults
Gross structure of bones:
Compact function?
Support (hard tissues hold body upright)... Movement (muscles at…
Children = entire bone contains red marrow... Adults = only dist…
Two types compact and cancellous and are found in different p…
Weight baring/pressure (centre of bone)... Diapheses
Functions of skeleton (5)
Support (hard tissues hold body upright)... Movement (muscles at…
Bone marrow in children and adults
Children = entire bone contains red marrow... Adults = only dist…
32 terms
Anatomy of Long Bone & Structure of Skeleton
Cartilage
Periosteum
Medullary cavity
Compact bone
located at ends of long bone, articulating cartilage, allows…
outer connective tissue that covers entire length of bone, pe…
found inside shaft of bone & filled with red & yellow bone ma…
dense part of bone, responsible for structural integrity
Cartilage
located at ends of long bone, articulating cartilage, allows…
Periosteum
outer connective tissue that covers entire length of bone, pe…
58 terms
Appendicular skeleton bone and structure list
Clavicle
sternal end
acromial end
Scapulae
Flatter looking end
Rounder end
Clavicle
sternal end
Flatter looking end
97 terms
4. Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
-support ... -store minerals and lipids…
Sutural bones
Consists of skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum), r…
Consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
What are the five functions of the skeletal system?
Type of bone that is variably present between flat bones of t…
Axial skeleton
Consists of skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum), r…
Appendicular skeleton
Consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
11 terms
The Appendicular Skeleton - Long Bone Structure
Long Bones
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Epiphyseal Plate
include those in the arms, legs, fingers and toes
Elongated shaft of the bone
expanded end of a long bone
cartilaginous plate which divides the diaphysis from the epip…
Long Bones
include those in the arms, legs, fingers and toes
Diaphysis
Elongated shaft of the bone
97 terms
4. Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
-support ... -store minerals and lipids…
Sutural bones
Consists of skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum), r…
Consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
What are the five functions of the skeletal system?
Type of bone that is variably present between flat bones of t…
Axial skeleton
Consists of skull, vertebral column (including the sacrum), r…
Appendicular skeleton
Consists of bones of the upper and lower extremities includin…
32 terms
Body Organization and Bone Structure
Homeostsis
Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Nervous Tissue
The maintenance of a constant internal state in a changing en…
A group of similar cells that perform a common function
covers and protects underlying tissue.
It sends electrical signals through the body. Its found in th…
Homeostsis
The maintenance of a constant internal state in a changing en…
Tissue
A group of similar cells that perform a common function
20 terms
Organization and Bone structure
Adult skeleton has how many bones?
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Long bones
206
Dense and look smooth and homogeneous
Composed of small, needle - like pieces of bone and lots of o…
Typically longer than they are wide. They are mostly compact…
Adult skeleton has how many bones?
206
Compact bone
Dense and look smooth and homogeneous
18 terms
Skeleton system -structure and formation of bones
ossification
clasts
blasts
periosteum
continues through adolescence
to break
immature cell
a tough fibrous tissue that forms the outermost covering the…
ossification
continues through adolescence
clasts
to break
34 terms
Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones
tuberosity
tubercle
crest
trochanter
a raised, roughened surface on a bone for the attachment of m…
a small, rounded process or projection
a narrow ridge of bone, usually prominent
a very large, blunt, irregularly-shaped process upon which mu…
tuberosity
a raised, roughened surface on a bone for the attachment of m…
tubercle
a small, rounded process or projection
21 terms
Anatomy Bone Structure and Axial Skeleton
axial
appendicular
support, store minerals and lipids, pr…
epiphysis
skeleton that consists of the skull, vertebral column, ribs,…
skeleton that consists of bones of the upper and lower extrem…
what are the 5 functions of the skeletal system
expanded area at each end of a bone
axial
skeleton that consists of the skull, vertebral column, ribs,…
appendicular
skeleton that consists of bones of the upper and lower extrem…
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Bone structure and skeleton
What are the five functions of the Ske…
What is a long bone
What is a short bone
What is a sesmoid
Protect and support, Produce blood, Store inorganic salts, Pa…
Longer than wide, shaft plus two expanded ends
Cube shaped
A short bone within a tendon
What are the five functions of the Ske…
Protect and support, Produce blood, Store inorganic salts, Pa…
What is a long bone
Longer than wide, shaft plus two expanded ends
93 terms
Skeleton: classification and structure of bones and cartilages
Perichondrium
Periosteum
Osteoblasts
Palatine
The connective tissue that envelops cartilage where it is not…
A dense layer of vascular connective tissue enveloping the bo…
A cell that secretes the matrix for bone formation
Posterior bones of the hard palate
Perichondrium
The connective tissue that envelops cartilage where it is not…
Periosteum
A dense layer of vascular connective tissue enveloping the bo…
20 terms
Organization of the Skeletal System - Bone Structure
Distal Epiphysis
Proximal Epiphysis
Diaphysis (Shaft)
Medullary Cavity
Number 3
Number 1
What is the red arrow pointing to?
What is the red arrow pointing to?
Distal Epiphysis
Number 3
Proximal Epiphysis
Number 1
14 terms
Bones Structures 2 Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the Appendicular Skeleton
Pectoral Girdle
Scapula
Clavicle
-Upper limbs... -Lower limbs... -Pectoral Girdle... -Pelvic Girdle
-AKA shoulder girdle... -Made of ... *2 clavicles... *2 scapula ... -Atta…
-AKA shoulder blades... -Broad triangular bone... -Found on either…
-AKA collar bone... -Extends from sternum to scapula... -S shaped b…
Bones of the Appendicular Skeleton
-Upper limbs... -Lower limbs... -Pectoral Girdle... -Pelvic Girdle
Pectoral Girdle
-AKA shoulder girdle... -Made of ... *2 clavicles... *2 scapula ... -Atta…
Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones and Cartilages
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
compact bone
spongy bone
bones that lie around the body's center of gravity
bones of the libs or appendages
looks smooth and homogeneous
composed of small trabeculae (cancellous)
axial skeleton
bones that lie around the body's center of gravity
appendicular skeleton
bones of the libs or appendages
113 terms
Terminology: Bone Structure & Appendicular Skeleton (I)
Anatomical Position
Prone Position
Supine Position
Brachium
Anatomical Position
Prone Position
78 terms
Lab #3 Structure of Bone and the Axial Skeleton
Tuberosity
Crest
Trochanter
Line
Large rounded projection; may be roughened.
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent.
Very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process. Only examples…
Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest.
Tuberosity
Large rounded projection; may be roughened.
Crest
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent.
92 terms
Microscopic Structure of Compact Bone and The Appendicular Skeleton
Central Canal
Osteocytes
Lacunae
Concentric Lamellae
- Also called Haversian canal ... - Runs parallel to the long a…
- Mature bone cells... - Found in chambers called lacunae... - Ar…
Chambers where osteocytes are found in
How osteocytes are arranged around the central canal
Central Canal
- Also called Haversian canal ... - Runs parallel to the long a…
Osteocytes
- Mature bone cells... - Found in chambers called lacunae... - Ar…
72 terms
Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones and Cartilages
Functions of the Skeletal System
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Articular Cartilages
- Support... - Storage of Minerals (calcium) and Lipids (yellow…
The bones that lie around the body's center, of gravity
Bones of the limbs, or appendages
Cover the bone ends at movable joints
Functions of the Skeletal System
- Support... - Storage of Minerals (calcium) and Lipids (yellow…
Axial Skeleton
The bones that lie around the body's center, of gravity
76 terms
Skeletal System: Bone Structure and Function/Axial Skeleton
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bones
Temporal Bones
Mastoid Process
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bones
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