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Study sets matching "orthopedics fracture"

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Study sets matching "orthopedics fracture"

43 terms
orthopedics/fractures
Arthopathy
Osteodesis
Osteopexy
Osteoplasty
Joint dz
fusion of bones
Surgical fixation of a bone to the body wall
Surgical repair of a bone
Arthopathy
Joint dz
Osteodesis
fusion of bones
11 terms
orthopedics fractures
depressed
open
compression
greenstick
fractured inward
breaks through the skin
compressed together vertebrae
bone broken only on one side;occurs in children
depressed
fractured inward
open
breaks through the skin
10 terms
Orthopedics fractures
Depressed
Open
Compression
Greenstick
Cranium is fractured inward tward the brain
A fracture in which the bone breaks through the skin
Vertebrae compressed together
Bone is broken on only one side
Depressed
Cranium is fractured inward tward the brain
Open
A fracture in which the bone breaks through the skin
11 terms
Orthopedics: Fractures
Depressed
Open
Compression
Greenstick
cranium is fractured inward toward the brain
Any fracture in which the bone breaks through the overlying s…
vertebrae are compressed together when a person falls onto th…
bone is only broken on one side; occurs in children because p…
Depressed
cranium is fractured inward toward the brain
Open
Any fracture in which the bone breaks through the overlying s…
21 terms
Orthopedics - fractures
Neer Classification
Humeral shaft fracture treatment
Supracondylar fracture
Elbow Ossification
Proximal humerus fracture... Based on the number of fragments --…
Usually nonoperative (coaptation splint) ... ORIF if compartment…
...
Capitelum... Radial head ... Medial epicondyle ... Trochlea... Olecranon…
Neer Classification
Proximal humerus fracture... Based on the number of fragments --…
Humeral shaft fracture treatment
Usually nonoperative (coaptation splint) ... ORIF if compartment…
31 terms
Orthopedics: Fractures
What are the two causes of fractures?
What are the four types of fractures?
What is a displaced fracture?
What is a non-displaced fracture?
Force exerted (high velocity, low velocity), bone formation a…
Displaced, non-displaced, open/compound, closed
Complete and malaligned, additional type comminuted (shatteri…
Complete or partial, remains aligned
What are the two causes of fractures?
Force exerted (high velocity, low velocity), bone formation a…
What are the four types of fractures?
Displaced, non-displaced, open/compound, closed
22 terms
Orthopedic Fractures
FRACTURES (XR DESCRIPTION)
CLOSED FRACTURES
OPEN FRACTURES
OPEN FRACTURES... Classifications
- Patient name / Age (mature or immature)... - Open (laceration…
- Nondisplaced fractures should be placed in a splint or cast…
- A break in the skin and underlying soft tissue leading dire…
- Gustilo classification used for prognosis... - Fracture healin…
FRACTURES (XR DESCRIPTION)
- Patient name / Age (mature or immature)... - Open (laceration…
CLOSED FRACTURES
- Nondisplaced fractures should be placed in a splint or cast…
7 terms
Orthopedic fractures
Greenstick
Oblique
Transverse
Spiral
An incomplete fracture that passes only partway through the s…
A fracture when the bone is broken at an angle across the bon…
A fracture that occurs straight across the pond this is usual…
A fracture caused by a twisting or bending force, causing a l…
Greenstick
An incomplete fracture that passes only partway through the s…
Oblique
A fracture when the bone is broken at an angle across the bon…
90 terms
Orthopedics-Intro to fractures
*Bone replaces cartilage model in _____
*Undifferentiated mesenchymal cells di…
*Osteoblast deposit new bone on existi…
Cartilage (is, not) converted to bone…
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Appositional formation
NOT
*Bone replaces cartilage model in _____
Endochondral ossification
*Undifferentiated mesenchymal cells di…
Intramembranous ossification
33 terms
Orthopedics Named Fractures/Disorders
Burst "Jefferson's" Fracture
Hangman's Fractture
Nursemaid's Elbow
Tennis elbow
Burst fracture of C1 due to axial blow to the head
Traumatic spondylolisthesis of C2
Radial head subluxation
Lateral epicondylitis
Burst "Jefferson's" Fracture
Burst fracture of C1 due to axial blow to the head
Hangman's Fractture
Traumatic spondylolisthesis of C2
27 terms
Orthopedic-2 Fracture management
What is reduction?
Rigid fixation of fractures promotes _…
Anatomic reduction allows load sharing…
What is a Biological fixation?
process of reposing the fracture fragments and or segments
weight bearing
Bone... implants
Preserve the local fracture environment by closed or limited…
What is reduction?
process of reposing the fracture fragments and or segments
Rigid fixation of fractures promotes _…
weight bearing
Orthopedics(Ch. 8): Fractures
Depressed
Compound(open)
Compression
Greenstick
Cranium is fractured inward toward the brain
Any fracture in which the bone breaks through the overlying s…
Vertebrae are compressed together when a person falls or when…
Bone is broken on only one side(occurs in children)
Depressed
Cranium is fractured inward toward the brain
Compound(open)
Any fracture in which the bone breaks through the overlying s…
47 terms
Treatment of Orthopedic Injuries and Fractures
Fracture
What are the three causes of fractures?
What are the 18 types of fractures?
Open (compound) Fracture
Complete or incomplete break in the continuity of a bone or c…
Trama, diease (decalcification of bone) and repetative stress
Open or componund, Closed or simple, complete, incomplete, ob…
Break in continuly of skin, increased risk of infection
Fracture
Complete or incomplete break in the continuity of a bone or c…
What are the three causes of fractures?
Trama, diease (decalcification of bone) and repetative stress
49 terms
Orthopedic Sprain, Strains and fractures
sprains
sprain symptoms
sprain diagnosis
Ottawa Ankle Rules
injury to a ligament. may upset normal coordiniated movements…
patient usually recalls the activity. snapping, popping, or t…
X-ray to rule out fracture and signs of ligament insufficienc…
decision rule for obtaining x-rays on initial evaluation of a…
sprains
injury to a ligament. may upset normal coordiniated movements…
sprain symptoms
patient usually recalls the activity. snapping, popping, or t…
5 terms
OAS orthopedic condition: fractures
OT treatment goal in orthopedics:
top down to bottom up
healing times of fractured
surgical interventions for fractures
restoration of occupational functioning by alternative techni…
1) areas of occupation; 2) performance patterns; 3) environme…
UE: callus formation 2-3 weeks, union 4-6 weeks.... LE: callus f…
ORIF (open reduction internal fixation) external fixation; os…
OT treatment goal in orthopedics:
restoration of occupational functioning by alternative techni…
top down to bottom up
1) areas of occupation; 2) performance patterns; 3) environme…
46 terms
CMS- Orthopedics - Fractures/Splinting & Casting
Where do Fx mainly occur
What X-ray would you want to get on a…
When do you want to repeat plain films…
A, Comminuted. B, Transverse, undispla…
Metaphysis: consists of spongy cancellous bone
Plain films - 2 views 90 degrees to each other (AP & Lateral)…
Repeat plain films 2 weeks after injury (sometimes the initia…
Where do Fx mainly occur
Metaphysis: consists of spongy cancellous bone
What X-ray would you want to get on a…
Plain films - 2 views 90 degrees to each other (AP & Lateral)…
32 terms
Orthopedic-1 Fracture Classification and assessment
What are the forces that the bone expe…
Tension created ____ fractures and pro…
Compression is the opposite force of (…
Compression creates (long/short) ____…
Tension... compression... shear... Bending... Torsion
Avulsion... Elongation
Tension
short oblique
What are the forces that the bone expe…
Tension... compression... shear... Bending... Torsion
Tension created ____ fractures and pro…
Avulsion... Elongation
29 terms
Orthopedic-9 Fracture repair in horses
What factors determine prognosis of a…
How do you classify a fracture.
How do you foals differ from adults wh…
For a stress fracture, splint bone fra…
type/location... open/closed... soft tissue damage... age, bree, tempe…
complete vs. incomplete... stable vs. unstable - displaced vs no…
faster healing... Salter-harris fractures lead to angular limb d…
stall rest
What factors determine prognosis of a…
type/location... open/closed... soft tissue damage... age, bree, tempe…
How do you classify a fracture.
complete vs. incomplete... stable vs. unstable - displaced vs no…
22 terms
Fracture Management Perioperative Orthopedic Management
2
3
4
6
How do you evaluate a patient with a fracture?
How do fractures occur?
How do you prioritize fracture abnormalities?... -what do you ne…
How do you diagnose a fracture using physical examination?
2
How do you evaluate a patient with a fracture?
3
How do fractures occur?
Orthopedics: Hip Fractures and LE (Ch. 31)
elderly population is at risk for fall…
osteoporosis
adults with history of arthritis or ot…
pathological fracture
Why has the incidence of fractures increased in the past deca…
reduced bone density that causes bones to be more brittle and…
Who are primary candidates for LE joint replacement?
can occur in a bone weakened by tumor or disease such as oste…
elderly population is at risk for fall…
Why has the incidence of fractures increased in the past deca…
osteoporosis
reduced bone density that causes bones to be more brittle and…
21 terms
Adult Conditions: Fractures and Orthopedic Conditions
Cause of fractures
Incidence of fractures
age and falling
Causes of falling
falls, trauma, MVAs, diseases, rec or work related accidents,…
older adult women (80% of all hip fractures)
loss of protective reflexes, m atrophy, loss of bone strength…
changes in vision, balance, musculoskeletal system, barorefle…
Cause of fractures
falls, trauma, MVAs, diseases, rec or work related accidents,…
Incidence of fractures
older adult women (80% of all hip fractures)
47 terms
OAS I Orthopedic Conditions: Fractures
OT Tx in orthopedics?
Top down vs. Bottom-up approach?
Fracture Healing Timeframes for UE & L…
WB Acronyms?
Restoration of occupation ... Education... Functioning & promote Re…
Areas of occupation... Performance patterns... Environ & context/ a…
UE: ... callus formation: 2-3 weeks... Union: 4-6 weeks... LE:... callus…
NWB (no weight)... TDWB (touch down; weight of limb is allowed t…
OT Tx in orthopedics?
Restoration of occupation ... Education... Functioning & promote Re…
Top down vs. Bottom-up approach?
Areas of occupation... Performance patterns... Environ & context/ a…
36 terms
Orthopedic Fracture Terms/Classification/Types + Bone Healing
Fracture (Definition)
Fractures are classified by?
Compound or Open
Simple or Closed
Discontinuity of the normal alignment of bone
Type of fracture and extent of damage
Bone pierces through skin
Bone does not pierce the skin
Fracture (Definition)
Discontinuity of the normal alignment of bone
Fractures are classified by?
Type of fracture and extent of damage
45 terms
Orthopedic Emergencies: Fracture Recognition/Treatment (MSK_061)
orthopaedic
orthopaedics breadth
Fracture
Stable fracture
Ortho = straighten... Paedic = child... Foundations in paediatri…
- is a broken bone. ... - can be complete or partial ... - number o…
. The broken ends of the... bone line up and are barely out of…
orthopaedic
Ortho = straighten... Paedic = child... Foundations in paediatri…
orthopaedics breadth
59 terms
522: Apr 12 Orthopedics 4 (Fractures)
REVIEW: Fracture classification slide:…
What are the six types of Salter Harri…
What four arteries provide the main bl…
What are the three types of bone heali…
1. Nutrient artery ... 2. Proximal metaphyseal artery ... 3. Distal…
1. Indirect (secondary healing with callous formation) ... 2. Di…
REVIEW: Fracture classification slide:…
What are the six types of Salter Harri…
59 terms
522: Apr 12 Orthopedics 4 (Fractures)
REVIEW: Fracture classification slide:…
What are the six types of Salter Harri…
What four arteries provide the main bl…
What are the three types of bone heali…
1. Nutrient artery ... 2. Proximal metaphyseal artery ... 3. Distal…
1. Indirect (secondary healing with callous formation) ... 2. Di…
REVIEW: Fracture classification slide:…
What are the six types of Salter Harri…
45 terms
equine: orthopedics part 10-fractures & emergency
normal bone, excess load
fatigue or pathological
existing pathology or microcracks deve…
12%
what happens in a spontaneous overload fracture?
what types of fractures occur at weak bone with excess load?
when could normal loading of the bone cause fracture?
% fractures in racehorses
normal bone, excess load
what happens in a spontaneous overload fracture?
fatigue or pathological
what types of fractures occur at weak bone with excess load?
43 terms
Orthopedics 2: Open Fractures, Compartment Syndrome, OA
Open Fracture
Gustillo & Anderson (1976)
Open Fracture 2016 Protocol
Gustilo & Anderson Classification System
Break in the skin and underlying soft tissue ... Leading into/c…
Found that by closing wounds less than 10 cm they decreased i…
Much higher consideration of an internal fixation ... If contam…
Used for TREATMENT OF OPEN FRACTURES... a. Based on SIZE of…
Open Fracture
Break in the skin and underlying soft tissue ... Leading into/c…
Gustillo & Anderson (1976)
Found that by closing wounds less than 10 cm they decreased i…
46 terms
Orthopedics 1: Embryology, Basic Science, Fractures
At what week of fetal development does…
Two types of Ossification?
Which bones are made by intramembranou…
What type of ossification is responsib…
6 weeks in utero
1. Endochondral - grows within a cartilage model ... 2. Intrame…
1. All Flat bones -> skull, pelvis, scapula... 2. Mandible ... 3.…
Intramembranous Ossification
At what week of fetal development does…
6 weeks in utero
Two types of Ossification?
1. Endochondral - grows within a cartilage model ... 2. Intrame…
42 terms
26-Orthopedics: Embryology and Fractures (Brown, Part I)
What are the parts of the axial skelet…
What are the parts of the appendicular…
When does ossification begin?
What are the two methods of bone forma…
Head, spine, ribs, sternum, vertebrae, sacrum
Limb bones... Shoulder girdle... Pelvic girdle
6 weeks (in utero)
Intramembranous ossification... Endochondral ossification
What are the parts of the axial skelet…
Head, spine, ribs, sternum, vertebrae, sacrum
What are the parts of the appendicular…
Limb bones... Shoulder girdle... Pelvic girdle
16 terms
Rheumatology & Orthopedics - Fractures, Dislocations, Sprains, and Strains
What is TMJ disorder?
What are the causes of TMJ disorder?
What are the s/s of TMJ disorder?
What are the XR findings of TMJ disord…
the most common cause of facial pain; involves pain that affe…
-neuropsych components, such as psychological stress... -joint c…
-px aggravated by movement of the jaw... -poss restricted ROM; a…
-initial studies are normal... -arthritis is a late finding
What is TMJ disorder?
the most common cause of facial pain; involves pain that affe…
What are the causes of TMJ disorder?
-neuropsych components, such as psychological stress... -joint c…
273 terms
Ortho terms, fracture classifications/ terms, Specialized instruments in orthopedic surgery, special equipment and supplies used in orthopedics, Orthopedic surgery
Abduction
Acetabulum
Acromioclavicular (AC) joint
Adduction
Moving a body part away from the midline of the body
Depression in the hip bone which receives the head of the femur
Point where the clavicle joins the acromion process (lateral…
Moving a body part toward the midline of the body
Abduction
Moving a body part away from the midline of the body
Acetabulum
Depression in the hip bone which receives the head of the femur
24 terms
Exam 1: Fractures, Orthopedic Conditions, Rheumatic Diseases
fracture
complete fracture
incomplete fracture
closed fracture
break in the continuity of the bone
break in the full continuity of the bone
partical disruption in the continuity of the bone
fracture that has not broken through the skin
fracture
break in the continuity of the bone
complete fracture
break in the full continuity of the bone
75 terms
4.2 Fractures & Radiologic Aspects of Orthopedic Disease
4 types of fracture:
fx at two adjacent spots causing secon…
right angles to long axis of bone... wha…
other angle to long bone axis of bone…
segmental... transverse... oblique... spiral
segmental fracture
transverse fracture
oblique fracture
4 types of fracture:
segmental... transverse... oblique... spiral
fx at two adjacent spots causing secon…
segmental fracture
32 terms
phys dys exam 2 LE orthopedics & hip fracture & replacements
fractures associated w/ disease
trauma from falls
goals in medical mgmt
ORIF
osteoporosis, osteomyelitis, cancer
decreased flexibility, diminished strength, reduced vision, s…
relieve pain, optimize position of bone, facilitate healing,…
hardware is screwed into the bones to secure the fracture site
fractures associated w/ disease
osteoporosis, osteomyelitis, cancer
trauma from falls
decreased flexibility, diminished strength, reduced vision, s…
71 terms
25-Orthopedics: Fractures, Compartment Syndrome, and OA Parts 1 and 2 (Avik)
Case 1: A 55 year old male fell 6 feet…
What is by far the most important thin…
TEST: What is the predominant blood su…
What is one of the most common hip fra…
Femoral neck fracture
The blood supply... because this is going to determine how we…
Medial femoral circumflex artery... LATERAL femoral circumfle…
Garden Classification, ... Four Types:... 1) Valgus impacted or in…
Case 1: A 55 year old male fell 6 feet…
Femoral neck fracture
What is by far the most important thin…
The blood supply... because this is going to determine how we…
111 terms
Pharm II Unit 3 strains, sprains, fractures, orthopedic surgery
medical sign which indicates increased…
test used to rule out hip flexion cont…
what does thomas test test for
shortening and hardening of muscles, t…
ballottement sign
thomas test
hip flexion contracture
contracture
medical sign which indicates increased…
ballottement sign
test used to rule out hip flexion cont…
thomas test
82 terms
Surgical Recall - Chapter 74 - Orthopedic Surgery (PART 1- Vocab & Fracture names)
What do the following... abbreviations st…
What do the following... abbreviations st…
What do the following... abbreviations st…
What do the following... abbreviations st…
Open Reduction Internal Fixation
Range Of Motion
Full Range Of Motion
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
What do the following... abbreviations st…
Open Reduction Internal Fixation
What do the following... abbreviations st…
Range Of Motion
71 terms
26. Orthopedics: Fractures, Compartment Syndrome, and OA Parts 1 and 2 (Brown-Part 1)
Case 1: A 55 year old male fell 6 feet…
What is by far the most important thin…
TEST: What is the predominant blood su…
What is one of the most common hip fra…
Femoral neck fracture
The blood supply, because this is going to determine how we m…
Medial femoral circumflex artery... Secondary blood supply = LA…
Garden Classification, Four Types... 1) Valgus impacted or inco…
Case 1: A 55 year old male fell 6 feet…
Femoral neck fracture
What is by far the most important thin…
The blood supply, because this is going to determine how we m…
125 terms
Orthopedics
Mild sprain (Grade 1)
Moderate sprain (Grade 2)
Severe sprain (Grade 3)
Strain
stretching of the ligament with minimal swelling and no jt in…
partial tear of lig with moderate swelling an minimal jt inst…
rupture of lig with significant ecchymosis and swelling as we…
injury of a muscle or tendon NOT ligament
Mild sprain (Grade 1)
stretching of the ligament with minimal swelling and no jt in…
Moderate sprain (Grade 2)
partial tear of lig with moderate swelling an minimal jt inst…
218 terms
orthopedics
*what are the 5 forces that cause frac…
does tension make elongation/shortening
*what type of fracture does tension ca…
where do tension fractures accur
tension, compression, shear, bending, torsion
tension makes elongation
avulsion fractures
apophyses (olecranon, calcaneus, tibial tuberosity)
*what are the 5 forces that cause frac…
tension, compression, shear, bending, torsion
does tension make elongation/shortening
tension makes elongation
14 terms
Orthopedics
Talipes equinovarus
Abduction
Comminuted fracture
Myasthenia gravis
clubfoot
Movement away from the midline of the body
fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed (many pie…
A weakness and rapid fatigue of muscles under voluntary contr…
Talipes equinovarus
clubfoot
Abduction
Movement away from the midline of the body
328 terms
Orthopedics
Skeleton performs the following functi…
T or F: Bone is connective tissue.
Osteocytes
Cortical bone
1) Framework 2) Serves as points of attachment for muscles, w…
True; Bone is a specialized form of connective tissue.
Bone cells
Compact, hard, dense tissue of bone that surrounds the marrow…
Skeleton performs the following functi…
1) Framework 2) Serves as points of attachment for muscles, w…
T or F: Bone is connective tissue.
True; Bone is a specialized form of connective tissue.
148 terms
Orthopedics
Fontanel
Hyoid
Mandible
Sphenoid
Soft spot on a babys head where the cranial sutures are still…
U shaped bone in the anterior neck. Attached by ligaments to…
Contains the roots of the lower teeth. Only movable bone in t…
Contains the sinuses, hold the pituitary gland
Fontanel
Soft spot on a babys head where the cranial sutures are still…
Hyoid
U shaped bone in the anterior neck. Attached by ligaments to…
86 terms
Orthopedics
joints
What are the most common disorders of…
How does the musculoskeletal system re…
sprain
2 or more bones are held together by connective tissue and ca…
sprains... dislocations... fractures... joint disruptions... degeneration
pain... swelling... inflammation... deformity... limitation of range and…
injury to joint capsule and it's supporting ligaments
joints
2 or more bones are held together by connective tissue and ca…
What are the most common disorders of…
sprains... dislocations... fractures... joint disruptions... degeneration
36 terms
Orthopedics
This special test can be used to test…
This special test can be used to test…
This special test can be used to check…
This test can be used for bicipital pa…
Neer Impingement Test
Hawkins Impingement Test
Empty Can Test
Speeds Test
This special test can be used to test…
Neer Impingement Test
This special test can be used to test…
Hawkins Impingement Test
125 terms
Orthopedics
Mild sprain (Grade 1)
Moderate sprain (Grade 2)
Severe sprain (Grade 3)
Strain
stretching of the ligament with minimal swelling and no jt in…
partial tear of lig with moderate swelling an minimal jt inst…
rupture of lig with significant ecchymosis and swelling as we…
injury of a muscle or tendon NOT ligament
Mild sprain (Grade 1)
stretching of the ligament with minimal swelling and no jt in…
Moderate sprain (Grade 2)
partial tear of lig with moderate swelling an minimal jt inst…
64 terms
Orthopedics
Signs of development dysplasia of the…
Tx of developmental dysplasia of the hip
Legg Calve Perthes disease
Dx and Tx of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease
Hips dislocate posteriorly with a jerk "click", return to nor…
Pavlik harness for 6 months
- Avascular necrosis of capital femoral epiphysis... - ~age 6... -…
Dx: AP and lateral hip xrays... Tx: controversial, containing th…
Signs of development dysplasia of the…
Hips dislocate posteriorly with a jerk "click", return to nor…
Tx of developmental dysplasia of the hip
Pavlik harness for 6 months
146 terms
Fracture Classifications
Femoral head fracture Classification
Pipkin I
Pipkin II
Pipkin III
Pipkin
hip dislocation with fracture of the femoral head inferior to…
hip dislocation with fracture of the femoral head superior to…
Type I or II asso with femoral neck frx
Femoral head fracture Classification
Pipkin
Pipkin I
hip dislocation with fracture of the femoral head inferior to…
Orthopedics
Most common deficient long bone?
Most common fx?
Most common fracture about the elbow?
Gamekeeper's thumb... What is it?... Tx?
Fibula (fibular hemimelia)
distal radius/ulna
Supracondylar - need to test for brachial artery injury
Tear of ulnar collateral ligament at the MP joint... AKA skier's…
Most common deficient long bone?
Fibula (fibular hemimelia)
Most common fx?
distal radius/ulna
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