Study sets matching "ottomans"

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Study sets matching "ottomans"

8 terms
The Ottomans
Ghazis
Ottomans
sultan
Timur the Lame
An Islamic term for one who participates in religious warfare…
Turkish empire based in Anatolia which is the westernmost pro…
"overlord" or "one with power;" title for Ottoman rulers duri…
Timur, a.k.a. Tamerlane, was a Turko-Mongol conqueror.... - He b…
Ghazis
An Islamic term for one who participates in religious warfare…
Ottomans
Turkish empire based in Anatolia which is the westernmost pro…
12 terms
Ottomans
Ghazis
Sultan
Osman
Mehmet II
Turkish warriors of Islam... used gunpowder
overlord ... or ... one with power
most successful Ghazi who built a Muslim state in Anatolia 13…
Conquered Constantinople 1451
Ghazis
Turkish warriors of Islam... used gunpowder
Sultan
overlord ... or ... one with power
5 terms
OTTOMANS
When did Constantinople fall to the Tu…
When was the first Balkan war?
When was the second Balkan war?
Who was Turkey's main rival?
29 May 1453
8 October 1912 - 30 May 1913
29 June - 10 August 1913
Russia
When did Constantinople fall to the Tu…
29 May 1453
When was the first Balkan war?
8 October 1912 - 30 May 1913
28 terms
The Ottomans
Nomadic people characteristics
Steppe
Seljuk Turks
Manzikert
1. skilled equestrians and bowmen... 2. lived grazing, not farmi…
many lived on steppe; not mountainous terrain which allowed f…
- equestrian skill, hired as mercaniers in armies... - took over…
-1071; The turks defeat Byzantine and selkjuks gained much of…
Nomadic people characteristics
1. skilled equestrians and bowmen... 2. lived grazing, not farmi…
Steppe
many lived on steppe; not mountainous terrain which allowed f…
24 terms
The Ottomans
Trade
Harmoniously
Descendant
janissaries
Exchange of goods and services
friendly and peaceful
A person's child, grandchild, and so on
Christian boys taken from families, converted to Islam, and t…
Trade
Exchange of goods and services
Harmoniously
friendly and peaceful
Ottomans
Founder of the Osmanli Dynasty
Ottomans began in the....
Pashas are
Ottoman government inspired by
Osman
Anatolia Peninsula
Local leaders
Tribal Institutions
Founder of the Osmanli Dynasty
Osman
Ottomans began in the....
Anatolia Peninsula
6 terms
Ottomans
Ayan
Selim III
Mahmud II
Tanzimat reforms
The wealthy landed elite that emerged in the early decades of…
Sultan who ruled Ottoman Empire from 1789 to 1807 aimed at im…
Ottoman sultan built a private army formed revolution of jani…
Series of reforms in Ottoman Empire from 1839 to 1876 establi…
Ayan
The wealthy landed elite that emerged in the early decades of…
Selim III
Sultan who ruled Ottoman Empire from 1789 to 1807 aimed at im…
Ottomans
Ottoman Empire began
Ottoman Empire was located in present…
Ottoman Empire grew fast by
By 1451 type Ottomans
1299
Turkey, ME
Taking over many regions
Ruled many cities in ME & Europe
Ottoman Empire began
1299
Ottoman Empire was located in present…
Turkey, ME
Ottomans
Devshirme
Janissaries
Mahmud II
Nationalism
The institution responsible for selecting able-bodied boys fr…
the elite soldiers of the Ottoman Empire. They were slave tro…
(reigned 1808-1839) the Ottoman sultan that massacred the jan…
the important 19th century ideology led to many uprisings by…
Devshirme
The institution responsible for selecting able-bodied boys fr…
Janissaries
the elite soldiers of the Ottoman Empire. They were slave tro…
Ottomans
Sultan
Golden Horn
Istanbul
"The Lawgiver"
The name given to Ottoman rulers during the rise of the Ottom…
The Golden Horn was a significant part of Mehmed's plan to ca…
The new name for Constantinople. Once Mehmed the Conqueror to…
This was the nickname given to Suleyman, the ruler of the Ott…
Sultan
The name given to Ottoman rulers during the rise of the Ottom…
Golden Horn
The Golden Horn was a significant part of Mehmed's plan to ca…
12 terms
the ottomans
who were the ottomans?
where did the ottomans come from?
who was the founder of the ottoman emp…
in which direction did the ottoman emp…
muslims
Centraiasia
osman bey
west and north bc muslims went east and south
who were the ottomans?
muslims
where did the ottomans come from?
Centraiasia
15 terms
Ottomans
The empire started here
The main religion of the empire
Leader of the empire
Capital of the empire
Anatolia
Sunni Islam
Sultan
Istanbul
The empire started here
Anatolia
The main religion of the empire
Sunni Islam
Ottomans
Empire
Race
Ethinicity
Common Characteristics of Empires
An extensive group of ethnicities under a single supreme auth…
Physical differences, how you look
Who you are (culture), heritage, religion, language, traditions
Centralized leadership with extensive bureaucracies... Ethnic di…
Empire
An extensive group of ethnicities under a single supreme auth…
Race
Physical differences, how you look
Ottomans
Warriors for Islam
Chief commander
People who did not believe in Islam
The most successful ghazi
What does ghazi mean?
What is an emir?
What are infidels?
Who is Osman?
Warriors for Islam
What does ghazi mean?
Chief commander
What is an emir?
12 terms
Ottomans
Bayezid is born
Bayezid's Reign
Bayezid alongside Crimean Tatars exten…
Ottoman-Mamluk war; no clear outcome
1447
1481-1512
1484
1485-1491
Bayezid is born
1447
Bayezid's Reign
1481-1512
ottomans
Osman Bey
Osman
Ottomans
Ottoman
Osman Bey was a legendary ambition.
The osman took borsa and made it thier capital.
The ottomans are warriors of the faith.they also took over th…
The ottomans are also known for as creating structures.
Osman Bey
Osman Bey was a legendary ambition.
Osman
The osman took borsa and made it thier capital.
Ottomans
Osman
Ghaza
Millet
Askeri
...
...
...
...
Osman
...
Ghaza
...
Ottomans
Janisarry
Timurlame
Suluman the lawgiver
Ottoman Empire
Christian boys taken to be trained to fight for the ottomans
Crippled war lord who challanged ottoman expansion
Named the "law giver" for his reforms and single uniform code…
Founded by osman it became a major power from 1300's until a…
Janisarry
Christian boys taken to be trained to fight for the ottomans
Timurlame
Crippled war lord who challanged ottoman expansion
7 terms
Ottomans
1453
mehmed 2
jannisaries
dhimmis
ottomans conquer constantinople
led battle for constantinople
strong army made up of young men from conquered area
christian and jews controlling commerce protected by the otto…
1453
ottomans conquer constantinople
mehmed 2
led battle for constantinople
11 terms
Ottomans
Turkey
Istanbul
Byzantines
Osman
What present day nation were the Ottomans located in
capital
Turks conquered _____________ for control
early leader
Turkey
What present day nation were the Ottomans located in
Istanbul
capital
7 terms
Ottomans
sultan
golden horn
Istanbul
"the lawgiver"
"overlord" or "one with power"; title for Ottoman rulers duri…
nickname for Constantinople (capital of Byzantine empire) bec…
Capital of the Ottoman Empire; named this after 1453 and the…
The Ottomans refer to Suleyman as the "Kanuni"or
sultan
"overlord" or "one with power"; title for Ottoman rulers duri…
golden horn
nickname for Constantinople (capital of Byzantine empire) bec…
15 terms
Ottomans
devshirme
ghilman
timar
janissary
taxing 10% Christian boys; slaves so loyalty exclusive to Sul…
slave-soldiers
give soldiers land and pay them salary to rule the land in re…
corp of slaves (christian boys)
devshirme
taxing 10% Christian boys; slaves so loyalty exclusive to Sul…
ghilman
slave-soldiers
Ottomans
Byzantine Empire
Janissaries
Pasha
Gunpowder Empire
a continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle East after i…
a member of the Turkish infantry that make up the Sultan's gu…
the title of a Turkish officer of high rank
Empire that has guns
Byzantine Empire
a continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle East after i…
Janissaries
a member of the Turkish infantry that make up the Sultan's gu…
Ottomans
adaletname
bid'at
cizye
fratricide
"Rescript of Justice" - proclaimed by a new sultan as a symbo…
innovation in religious matters (negative connotation)
special islamic tax paid by non-muslim adult males. Tribute f…
royal killing of brothers to prevent civil war by Mehmet II -…
adaletname
"Rescript of Justice" - proclaimed by a new sultan as a symbo…
bid'at
innovation in religious matters (negative connotation)
18 terms
Ottomans
Ghazis
Ottomans
Military success
Sultan
Warroirs of islam
Followers of osman
Due to gunpowder and artillery
Overlord or one with power
Ghazis
Warroirs of islam
Ottomans
Followers of osman
Ottomans
osman bey was a warlord.
The ottoman empire was fearless.
the ottomans conquered bursa in 1936.
they kept the Byzantine klerks.
warriors of the faith.
They conquered the ottoman empire.
bursa was made the capital.
there are muslim rebels.
osman bey was a warlord.
warriors of the faith.
The ottoman empire was fearless.
They conquered the ottoman empire.
Ottomans
Ottomans
Safavid dynasty
Mughal
Mehmed II
ruling dynasty of the Ottoman Empire (1293-1922), named for O…
Originally a Turkic nomadic group; family originated in Sufi…
Muslim state (1526-1857) exercising dominion over most of Ind…
Ottoman sultan called the "Conqueror"; responsible for conque…
Ottomans
ruling dynasty of the Ottoman Empire (1293-1922), named for O…
Safavid dynasty
Originally a Turkic nomadic group; family originated in Sufi…
ottomans
byzantium
crusades
ghazis
osman
renamed constantinople, great location for trade
invasions by turks and mongols... turks wanted to take over
warriors for islam... what turks saw themselves as... strict code o…
most successful ghazi... unified empire, took over byzantine are…
byzantium
renamed constantinople, great location for trade
crusades
invasions by turks and mongols... turks wanted to take over
Ottomans
1299-1326
1326-1359
1360-1389
1402
Osman rules as the first Ottoman sultan
Osman II
Murad I
Ottomans are defeated by Timur
1299-1326
Osman rules as the first Ottoman sultan
1326-1359
Osman II
Ottomans
Ghazi
Osman
Timur The Lame
Mehmet
A warrior for islam
Leader of the Ottoman Turks and founder of the Ottoman Empire
Warrior king of central Asia who briefly conquered the Ottoma…
Ottoman ruler who expanded the empire and opened Constantinop…
Ghazi
A warrior for islam
Osman
Leader of the Ottoman Turks and founder of the Ottoman Empire
11 terms
Ottomans
Armys power
Istanbul
Babur
Akbar
The ottomans began an Islamic Empire based on what?
When the otromans capture constantinople how did they name it?
He founded the Mughal Empire ans was its first emperor
Baburs grandson who expanded the Mughal Empire and tried to u…
Armys power
The ottomans began an Islamic Empire based on what?
Istanbul
When the otromans capture constantinople how did they name it?
15 terms
Ottomans
The empire started here
The main religion of the empire
Leader of the empire
Capital of the empire
Anatolia
Sunni Islam
Sultan
Istanbul
The empire started here
Anatolia
The main religion of the empire
Sunni Islam
23 terms
Ottomans
Orhan
Murad I
Battle of Kosovo, 1389
Bayezid I
more settled aspect... expanded domains from hills to plains ... mi…
Advance East and in the Balkans... 1369; Took Adrianople... Battle…
control of western Balkans decisively established... Murad I
state advanced very rapidly... annexation of rival Turkish princ…
Orhan
more settled aspect... expanded domains from hills to plains ... mi…
Murad I
Advance East and in the Balkans... 1369; Took Adrianople... Battle…
41 terms
ottomans
where were they based
what was the name of their capital
what type of empire
what type of trade
present day turkey
istanbul
trading
maritime
where were they based
present day turkey
what was the name of their capital
istanbul
11 terms
Ottomans
Ghazi
Ottomans
Sultan
Devshime
A person who saw themselves as warriors for islam
Ppl that lived in the Ottoman Empire
"Overlord" "one with power"
Sultan's army drafted boys from the peoples of conquered Chri…
Ghazi
A person who saw themselves as warriors for islam
Ottomans
Ppl that lived in the Ottoman Empire
5 terms
ottomans
what happened by the 1300s
what three things did they have
What did they control first
what happened in 1453
the ottomans start to surround the byzantine empire
gunpowder technology military group the janissaries and start…
the sea
the ottomans attack Constantinople
what happened by the 1300s
the ottomans start to surround the byzantine empire
what three things did they have
gunpowder technology military group the janissaries and start…
Ottomans
who?
people were...
religion
known as...
turkish nomads who migrated to turkey
diverse
Islamic
gunpowder empire
who?
turkish nomads who migrated to turkey
people were...
diverse
23 terms
Ottomans
Located in
Expanded from
Expanded to
Decline began with
Middle east
Mecca
North Africa, the Balkans, Europe
Feudalism, spirit renaissance, encounter of Americas, Reforma…
Located in
Middle east
Expanded from
Mecca
10 terms
Ottomans
Where and what are the Ottomans from?
ghazis
Osman I
Accoplishments of the Ottoman Empire
Muslim Turks of Anatolia
warriors for Islam Faith (Ottomans)
Founded Ottoman Empire 1300's
Grows to become European power-great military
Where and what are the Ottomans from?
Muslim Turks of Anatolia
ghazis
warriors for Islam Faith (Ottomans)
35 terms
Ottomans
Many Anatolian turks saw themselves as…
A chief commander
Most successful Ghazi was
Osmons followers were called
Ghazis
Emir
Osmon
Ottomans
Many Anatolian turks saw themselves as…
Ghazis
A chief commander
Emir
16 terms
Ottomans
Foundation of Ottoman Empire
Ghazi
Orhan
Sword of Islam
Osman founded in 1250 in Anatolia (defeated Mongols)
islamic frontier warrior (killed/robbed people under Allah)
created "Feudal Autonomy", Millet system, rulers like shayks…
nickname for a sultan, doing work/fighting for islam
Foundation of Ottoman Empire
Osman founded in 1250 in Anatolia (defeated Mongols)
Ghazi
islamic frontier warrior (killed/robbed people under Allah)
14 terms
Ottomans
Turks wanted to take down the
Ghazis
Osman
Ottomans
Crusaders and take over empire
Warriors for islam
Most successful ghazi
Osmans followers
Turks wanted to take down the
Crusaders and take over empire
Ghazis
Warriors for islam
Ottomans
Osman I
Orkhan I
Murad I
Timur the Lame
Called othman by Europeans - follwers became ottomans... First o…
Declared himself sultan-overlord or one with power
Began forming an empire... Expanded empire into Balkan Peninsula
Stopped them... Not an ottoman ruler... Led empire that controlled…
Osman I
Called othman by Europeans - follwers became ottomans... First o…
Orkhan I
Declared himself sultan-overlord or one with power
20 terms
Ottomans
the ottomans were originally______
the ottomans were from
how did the ottomans get their name
ghazi
nomadic
Anatolia, the steppe,
it came from Osman, their first leader
warriors of the faith (islam)... -moved the empire forward
the ottomans were originally______
nomadic
the ottomans were from
Anatolia, the steppe,
24 terms
ottomans
Ottoman empire was the largest and mos…
The Ottoman Empire conquered which cit…
This put an end to what empire?
After the 15th century, The Ottoman Em…
Roman Empire
Constantinople
Byzantine
Spain
Ottoman empire was the largest and mos…
Roman Empire
The Ottoman Empire conquered which cit…
Constantinople
ottomans
which empire did the ottomans take over
Why did the ottomans want to control C…
what name did the ottomans change Cons…
what religion what where the ottomans
the byzantine
Because they can control two seas and they can be bridge way…
Istanbul
islam
which empire did the ottomans take over
the byzantine
Why did the ottomans want to control C…
Because they can control two seas and they can be bridge way…
11 terms
Ottomans
Describe invasion of the Byzantine Emp…
What's the significance of the Turks c…
What new name did they give the city o…
What important cities did the sultan s…
He had 80,000 troops wow Byzantine only had 7000. Attack bega…
Now lings you're up in Asia
Istanbul
He conquered Mecca and Jerusalem
Describe invasion of the Byzantine Emp…
He had 80,000 troops wow Byzantine only had 7000. Attack bega…
What's the significance of the Turks c…
Now lings you're up in Asia
OTTOMANS
Where were ottomans from?
Why did they settle in Anatolia?
What made the Turks be able to create…
Janissaries
Central Asia
Given land by Seljuk for helping Mongols in 13th century
Land=expand west and control Bosphorus and Dardenelles
Christian boys taken to fight as elite fighting soldiers to s…
Where were ottomans from?
Central Asia
Why did they settle in Anatolia?
Given land by Seljuk for helping Mongols in 13th century
24 terms
Ottomans
Ottoman empire was the largest and mos…
The Ottoman Empire conquered which cit…
This put an end to what empire?
After the 15th century, The Ottoman Em…
Roman Empire
Constantinople
Byzantine
Spain
Ottoman empire was the largest and mos…
Roman Empire
The Ottoman Empire conquered which cit…
Constantinople
18 terms
Ottomans
Lifetime Of Ottoman dynasty and its si…
Importance/accomplishments of mehmet II
Capital city name change and previous…
Importance/accomplishments of suleyman…
1281-1922 Longest dynasty [641 years]
end byzantine empire
Constanople TO Istanbul: Byzantine capital
conquered a lot, stopped in austria and mediterranean
Lifetime Of Ottoman dynasty and its si…
1281-1922 Longest dynasty [641 years]
Importance/accomplishments of mehmet II
end byzantine empire
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