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Study sets matching "ottomans"

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Study sets matching "ottomans"

8 terms
The Ottomans
Ghazis
Ottomans
sultan
Timur the Lame
An Islamic term for one who participates in religious warfare…
Turkish empire based in Anatolia which is the westernmost pro…
"overlord" or "one with power;" title for Ottoman rulers duri…
Timur, a.k.a. Tamerlane, was a Turko-Mongol conqueror.... - He b…
Ghazis
An Islamic term for one who participates in religious warfare…
Ottomans
Turkish empire based in Anatolia which is the westernmost pro…
12 terms
Ottomans
Ghazis
Sultan
Osman
Mehmet II
Turkish warriors of Islam... used gunpowder
overlord ... or ... one with power
most successful Ghazi who built a Muslim state in Anatolia 13…
Conquered Constantinople 1451
Ghazis
Turkish warriors of Islam... used gunpowder
Sultan
overlord ... or ... one with power
28 terms
The Ottomans
Nomadic people characteristics
Steppe
Seljuk Turks
Manzikert
1. skilled equestrians and bowmen... 2. lived grazing, not farmi…
many lived on steppe; not mountainous terrain which allowed f…
- equestrian skill, hired as mercaniers in armies... - took over…
-1071; The turks defeat Byzantine and selkjuks gained much of…
Nomadic people characteristics
1. skilled equestrians and bowmen... 2. lived grazing, not farmi…
Steppe
many lived on steppe; not mountainous terrain which allowed f…
24 terms
The Ottomans
Trade
Harmoniously
Descendant
janissaries
Exchange of goods and services
friendly and peaceful
A person's child, grandchild, and so on
Christian boys taken from families, converted to Islam, and t…
Trade
Exchange of goods and services
Harmoniously
friendly and peaceful
6 terms
Ottomans
Founder of the Osmanli Dynasty
Ottomans began in the....
Pashas are
Ottoman government inspired by
Osman
Anatolia Peninsula
Local leaders
Tribal Institutions
Founder of the Osmanli Dynasty
Osman
Ottomans began in the....
Anatolia Peninsula
21 terms
Ottomans
Ottoman Empire began
Ottoman Empire was located in present…
Ottoman Empire grew fast by
By 1451 type Ottomans
1299
Turkey, ME
Taking over many regions
Ruled many cities in ME & Europe
Ottoman Empire began
1299
Ottoman Empire was located in present…
Turkey, ME
15 terms
Ottomans
The empire started here
The main religion of the empire
Leader of the empire
Capital of the empire
Anatolia
Sunni Islam
Sultan
Istanbul
The empire started here
Anatolia
The main religion of the empire
Sunni Islam
14 terms
Ottomans
Empire
Race
Ethinicity
Common Characteristics of Empires
An extensive group of ethnicities under a single supreme auth…
Physical differences, how you look
Who you are (culture), heritage, religion, language, traditions
Centralized leadership with extensive bureaucracies... Ethnic di…
Empire
An extensive group of ethnicities under a single supreme auth…
Race
Physical differences, how you look
11 terms
ottomans
Osman Bey
Osman
Ottomans
Ottoman
Osman Bey was a legendary ambition.
The osman took borsa and made it thier capital.
The ottomans are warriors of the faith.they also took over th…
The ottomans are also known for as creating structures.
Osman Bey
Osman Bey was a legendary ambition.
Osman
The osman took borsa and made it thier capital.
20 terms
Ottomans
Osman
Ghaza
Millet
Askeri
...
...
...
...
Osman
...
Ghaza
...
12 terms
the ottomans
who were the ottomans?
where did the ottomans come from?
who was the founder of the ottoman emp…
in which direction did the ottoman emp…
muslims
Centraiasia
osman bey
west and north bc muslims went east and south
who were the ottomans?
muslims
where did the ottomans come from?
Centraiasia
23 terms
Ottomans
Artillery
Cannon
Mehmedii
Persian
Ottoman mobile cannons
Devastating weapon of ottomans
Ottoman ruler who led sacking of the Byzantine capital
Celgene assimilated into this culture lots of cultures have d…
Artillery
Ottoman mobile cannons
Cannon
Devastating weapon of ottomans
15 terms
Ottomans
devshirme
ghilman
timar
janissary
taxing 10% Christian boys; slaves so loyalty exclusive to Sul…
slave-soldiers
give soldiers land and pay them salary to rule the land in re…
corp of slaves (christian boys)
devshirme
taxing 10% Christian boys; slaves so loyalty exclusive to Sul…
ghilman
slave-soldiers
14 terms
Ottomans
Byzantine Empire
Janissaries
Pasha
Gunpowder Empire
a continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle East after i…
a member of the Turkish infantry that make up the Sultan's gu…
the title of a Turkish officer of high rank
Empire that has guns
Byzantine Empire
a continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle East after i…
Janissaries
a member of the Turkish infantry that make up the Sultan's gu…
12 terms
Ottomans
Bayezid is born
Bayezid's Reign
Bayezid alongside Crimean Tatars exten…
Ottoman-Mamluk war; no clear outcome
1447
1481-1512
1484
1485-1491
Bayezid is born
1447
Bayezid's Reign
1481-1512
17 terms
Ottomans
Warriors for Islam
Chief commander
People who did not believe in Islam
The most successful ghazi
What does ghazi mean?
What is an emir?
What are infidels?
Who is Osman?
Warriors for Islam
What does ghazi mean?
Chief commander
What is an emir?
11 terms
Ottomans
Turkey
Istanbul
Byzantines
Osman
What present day nation were the Ottomans located in
capital
Turks conquered _____________ for control
early leader
Turkey
What present day nation were the Ottomans located in
Istanbul
capital
8 terms
Ottomans
osman bey was a warlord.
The ottoman empire was fearless.
the ottomans conquered bursa in 1936.
they kept the Byzantine klerks.
warriors of the faith.
They conquered the ottoman empire.
bursa was made the capital.
there are muslim rebels.
osman bey was a warlord.
warriors of the faith.
The ottoman empire was fearless.
They conquered the ottoman empire.
Ottomans
Ottomans
Safavid dynasty
Mughal
Mehmed II
ruling dynasty of the Ottoman Empire (1293-1922), named for O…
Originally a Turkic nomadic group; family originated in Sufi…
Muslim state (1526-1857) exercising dominion over most of Ind…
Ottoman sultan called the "Conqueror"; responsible for conque…
Ottomans
ruling dynasty of the Ottoman Empire (1293-1922), named for O…
Safavid dynasty
Originally a Turkic nomadic group; family originated in Sufi…
17 terms
ottomans
byzantium
crusades
ghazis
osman
renamed constantinople, great location for trade
invasions by turks and mongols... turks wanted to take over
warriors for islam... what turks saw themselves as... strict code o…
most successful ghazi... unified empire, took over byzantine are…
byzantium
renamed constantinople, great location for trade
crusades
invasions by turks and mongols... turks wanted to take over
19 terms
Ottomans
adaletname
bid'at
cizye
fratricide
"Rescript of Justice" - proclaimed by a new sultan as a symbo…
innovation in religious matters (negative connotation)
special islamic tax paid by non-muslim adult males. Tribute f…
royal killing of brothers to prevent civil war by Mehmet II -…
adaletname
"Rescript of Justice" - proclaimed by a new sultan as a symbo…
bid'at
innovation in religious matters (negative connotation)
18 terms
Ottomans
Ghazis
Ottomans
Military success
Sultan
Warroirs of islam
Followers of osman
Due to gunpowder and artillery
Overlord or one with power
Ghazis
Warroirs of islam
Ottomans
Followers of osman
15 terms
Ottomans
The empire started here
The main religion of the empire
Leader of the empire
Capital of the empire
Anatolia
Sunni Islam
Sultan
Istanbul
The empire started here
Anatolia
The main religion of the empire
Sunni Islam
11 terms
Ottomans
Ghazi
Ottomans
Sultan
Devshime
A person who saw themselves as warriors for islam
Ppl that lived in the Ottoman Empire
"Overlord" "one with power"
Sultan's army drafted boys from the peoples of conquered Chri…
Ghazi
A person who saw themselves as warriors for islam
Ottomans
Ppl that lived in the Ottoman Empire
11 terms
Ottomans
1299-1326
1326-1359
1360-1389
1402
Osman rules as the first Ottoman sultan
Osman II
Murad I
Ottomans are defeated by Timur
1299-1326
Osman rules as the first Ottoman sultan
1326-1359
Osman II
21 terms
Ottomans
Osman
Orkah
Sinan
Pashas
First ottoman ruler
First to take title sultan
Greatest architect
Officials that collected taxes
Osman
First ottoman ruler
Orkah
First to take title sultan
19 terms
ottomans
where were they based
what was their capital
what type of empire
what type of trade
present day turkey
istanbul
trading
maritime
where were they based
present day turkey
what was their capital
istanbul
11 terms
Ottomans
Armys power
Istanbul
Babur
Akbar
The ottomans began an Islamic Empire based on what?
When the otromans capture constantinople how did they name it?
He founded the Mughal Empire ans was its first emperor
Baburs grandson who expanded the Mughal Empire and tried to u…
Armys power
The ottomans began an Islamic Empire based on what?
Istanbul
When the otromans capture constantinople how did they name it?
14 terms
Ottomans
Turks wanted to take down the
Ghazis
Osman
Ottomans
Crusaders and take over empire
Warriors for islam
Most successful ghazi
Osmans followers
Turks wanted to take down the
Crusaders and take over empire
Ghazis
Warriors for islam
23 terms
Ottomans
Orhan
Murad I
Battle of Kosovo, 1389
Bayezid I
more settled aspect... expanded domains from hills to plains ... mi…
Advance East and in the Balkans... 1369; Took Adrianople... Battle…
control of western Balkans decisively established... Murad I
state advanced very rapidly... annexation of rival Turkish princ…
Orhan
more settled aspect... expanded domains from hills to plains ... mi…
Murad I
Advance East and in the Balkans... 1369; Took Adrianople... Battle…
23 terms
Ottomans
Located in
Expanded from
Expanded to
Decline began with
Middle east
Mecca
North Africa, the Balkans, Europe
Feudalism, spirit renaissance, encounter of Americas, Reforma…
Located in
Middle east
Expanded from
Mecca
16 terms
Ottomans
Foundation of Ottoman Empire
Ghazi
Orhan
Sword of Islam
Osman founded in 1250 in Anatolia (defeated Mongols)
islamic frontier warrior (killed/robbed people under Allah)
created "Feudal Autonomy", Millet system, rulers like shayks…
nickname for a sultan, doing work/fighting for islam
Foundation of Ottoman Empire
Osman founded in 1250 in Anatolia (defeated Mongols)
Ghazi
islamic frontier warrior (killed/robbed people under Allah)
24 terms
Ottomans
Ottoman empire was the largest and mos…
The Ottoman Empire conquered which cit…
This put an end to what empire?
After the 15th century, The Ottoman Em…
Roman Empire
Constantinople
Byzantine
Spain
Ottoman empire was the largest and mos…
Roman Empire
The Ottoman Empire conquered which cit…
Constantinople
27 terms
OTTOMANS
Where were ottomans from?
Why did they settle in Anatolia?
What made the Turks be able to create…
Janissaries
Central Asia
Given land by Seljuk for helping Mongols in 13th century
Land=expand west and control Bosphorus and Dardenelles
Christian boys taken to fight as elite fighting soldiers to s…
Where were ottomans from?
Central Asia
Why did they settle in Anatolia?
Given land by Seljuk for helping Mongols in 13th century
35 terms
Ottomans
Many Anatolian turks saw themselves as…
A chief commander
Most successful Ghazi was
Osmons followers were called
Ghazis
Emir
Osmon
Ottomans
Many Anatolian turks saw themselves as…
Ghazis
A chief commander
Emir
9 terms
Ottomans
Osman I
Orkhan I
Murad I
Timur the Lame
Called othman by Europeans - follwers became ottomans... First o…
Declared himself sultan-overlord or one with power
Began forming an empire... Expanded empire into Balkan Peninsula
Stopped them... Not an ottoman ruler... Led empire that controlled…
Osman I
Called othman by Europeans - follwers became ottomans... First o…
Orkhan I
Declared himself sultan-overlord or one with power
20 terms
Ottomans
the ottomans were originally______
the ottomans were from
how did the ottomans get their name
ghazi
nomadic
Anatolia, the steppe,
it came from Osman, their first leader
warriors of the faith (islam)... -moved the empire forward
the ottomans were originally______
nomadic
the ottomans were from
Anatolia, the steppe,
24 terms
ottomans
Ottoman empire was the largest and mos…
The Ottoman Empire conquered which cit…
This put an end to what empire?
After the 15th century, The Ottoman Em…
Roman Empire
Constantinople
Byzantine
Spain
Ottoman empire was the largest and mos…
Roman Empire
The Ottoman Empire conquered which cit…
Constantinople
11 terms
Ottomans
Describe invasion of the Byzantine Emp…
What's the significance of the Turks c…
What new name did they give the city o…
What important cities did the sultan s…
He had 80,000 troops wow Byzantine only had 7000. Attack bega…
Now lings you're up in Asia
Istanbul
He conquered Mecca and Jerusalem
Describe invasion of the Byzantine Emp…
He had 80,000 troops wow Byzantine only had 7000. Attack bega…
What's the significance of the Turks c…
Now lings you're up in Asia
Ottomans
Where did the Ottomans originate?
Who is the founder of the Ottomans?
Where did the Ottoman Empire spread?
Where was most of the land they conque…
Asia Minor
Osman
-Balkans... -Europe... -Arabian Penninsula ... -North Africa
Around the Meidtarian Sea
Where did the Ottomans originate?
Asia Minor
Who is the founder of the Ottomans?
Osman
18 terms
Ottomans
Lifetime Of Ottoman dynasty and its si…
Importance/accomplishments of mehmet II
Capital city name change and previous…
Importance/accomplishments of suleyman…
1281-1922 Longest dynasty [641 years]
end byzantine empire
Constanople TO Istanbul: Byzantine capital
conquered a lot, stopped in austria and mediterranean
Lifetime Of Ottoman dynasty and its si…
1281-1922 Longest dynasty [641 years]
Importance/accomplishments of mehmet II
end byzantine empire
12 terms
ottomans
where were they located?
by 1566 what lands were included?
whose home was Anatolia?
what did Anatolian Turks see themselve…
-Byzantium and Anatolia
Hungary in north... Egypt in south... Algeria in west... Mesopotamia i…
many descendants nomadic, militaristic Turks who had a long h…
ghazis
where were they located?
-Byzantium and Anatolia
by 1566 what lands were included?
Hungary in north... Egypt in south... Algeria in west... Mesopotamia i…
25 terms
Ottomans
Fall of Constantinople
Ottoman Government
What was the ritual for Sultan success…
Who was Mehmed the conqueror?
May 29, 1453
Sultan, then bureaucracy
There was none, this led to bloody conflicts and kingmakers c…
He Conquered Constantinople in 1453
Fall of Constantinople
May 29, 1453
Ottoman Government
Sultan, then bureaucracy
10 terms
The Ottomans
Ghaziz
Ottomans
Orkhan I
sultan
warriors for Islam
followers of Osman
2nd Ottoman leader
overlord
Ghaziz
warriors for Islam
Ottomans
followers of Osman
10 terms
The Ottomans
The Ottomans
Conquered chunks of the weak Byzantine…
Ottoman Belief
Ottoman Army
Turkish Muslim nomads who gained control of Anatolia in 1300.
Greece, Bulgaria, Balkan. They were the most powerful group p…
They saw themselves as protectors of local society with Islam…
They paid market price for food, so farmers willingly sold pr…
The Ottomans
Turkish Muslim nomads who gained control of Anatolia in 1300.
Conquered chunks of the weak Byzantine…
Greece, Bulgaria, Balkan. They were the most powerful group p…
12 terms
The Ottomans
1300- Anatola
Muslim
Constantinople
Gun powder
Where and when did the Ottoman Dynasty begin?
What was the religion of the Ottomans?
Into which region did the Ottomans begin to expand in the 14t…
What technology helped the Ottomans in their conquests?
1300- Anatola
Where and when did the Ottoman Dynasty begin?
Muslim
What was the religion of the Ottomans?
The Ottomans
Osman
Murad II
Mehmed II
Slim the Grim
-Successful ghazi.... -Leader of the Ottomans.... -Established Musl…
Son of Mehmed I, defeated the Venetians, invaded Hungary, and…
Also called Mehmed the conqueror. Conquered the city of Const…
Mehmed II son, a effective sultan and great general. Defeated…
Osman
-Successful ghazi.... -Leader of the Ottomans.... -Established Musl…
Murad II
Son of Mehmed I, defeated the Venetians, invaded Hungary, and…
8 terms
The Ottomans
Ghazis
Timur the Lame
Mehmed II
Istanbul
warriors for Islam... formed military sociceties under leadershi…
stops the expansion of the Ottoman empire for a brief time, w…
conquers Constantinople, sultan of Ottoman Empire, son of Muh…
after Constantinople was destroyed by Mehmed it was rebuilt a…
Ghazis
warriors for Islam... formed military sociceties under leadershi…
Timur the Lame
stops the expansion of the Ottoman empire for a brief time, w…
8 terms
The Ottomans
Ghazis
Timur the Lame
Mehmed the Second
Istanbul
Warriors for Islam. Anatolian Turks viewed themselves as thes…
Rebellious warrior, burned Baghdad and crushed Ottoman forces…
Successful conqueror. Invaded Constantinople and took over. H…
Constantinople's new name given by Mehmed after they conquere…
Ghazis
Warriors for Islam. Anatolian Turks viewed themselves as thes…
Timur the Lame
Rebellious warrior, burned Baghdad and crushed Ottoman forces…
33 terms
The Ottomans
Osman I
Orkhan I
Murad
Ottoman capital location
Founder, tribal
Crosses straits, approaches Byzantine lands fro the west
Conquers Byzantine land in the Balkans,
Bursa, near Constantinople
Osman I
Founder, tribal
Orkhan I
Crosses straits, approaches Byzantine lands fro the west
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