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Study sets matching "oxidation numbers"

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Study sets matching "oxidation numbers"

13 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Ferrous ion
ferric ion
cuprous ion
cupric ion
iron (II)
iron (III)
copper (I)
copper (II)
Ferrous ion
iron (II)
ferric ion
iron (III)
16 terms
Oxidation Numbers
What is the first oxidation number rul…
What is the second oxidation number ru…
What is the third oxidation number rul…
What is the fourth oxidation number ru…
The Free Element Rule
The Ion Rule
The Specific Oxidation Number Rule
The Zero Sum Rule
What is the first oxidation number rul…
The Free Element Rule
What is the second oxidation number ru…
The Ion Rule
30 terms
Oxidation Numbers
What is the oxidation number of oxygen…
What must the oxidation number of carb…
What is the oxidation number of hydrog…
What is oxygen's oxidation number in H…
-2
+4
+1
-2
What is the oxidation number of oxygen…
-2
What must the oxidation number of carb…
+4
14 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Element in Free State
Monatomic ion
Group I metals
Group II metals
0
it's charge
+1
+2
Element in Free State
0
Monatomic ion
it's charge
30 terms
Oxidation Numbers
17th-18th century
Leviathan Published
1688
1689
Age of Enlightenment
1651
Glorious Revolution
Two Treatise of Government
17th-18th century
Age of Enlightenment
Leviathan Published
1651
26 terms
Oxidation numbers
+2
+6
-2
+3
oxidation no of Cu in CuSO₄
oxidation no of S in CuSO₄
oxidation no of O in CuSO₄
oxidation no of Fe in FeCl₃
+2
oxidation no of Cu in CuSO₄
+6
oxidation no of S in CuSO₄
26 terms
oxidation numbers
+2
+6
-2
+3
oxidation no of Cu in CuSO₄
oxidation no of S in CuSO₄
oxidation no of O in CuSO₄
oxidation no of Fe in FeCl₃
+2
oxidation no of Cu in CuSO₄
+6
oxidation no of S in CuSO₄
11 terms
oxidation numbers
Calcium
Carbon
Cs
Sulfur
+2
+2 or +4
+1
-2
Calcium
+2
Carbon
+2 or +4
65 terms
oxidation numbers
ammonium
acetate
chlorate
chlorite
NH4+
ammonium
NH4+
acetate
6 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Free Element
Most elements in compounds follow patt…
Important exceptions
Three or more elements
Rule 1: Elements that have an oxidation number of 0. For exam…
Rule 2:
Rule 3: Hydrides - H + Metals / Peroxide - Pairs of oxygen th…
Rule 4: The middle element balances
Free Element
Rule 1: Elements that have an oxidation number of 0. For exam…
Most elements in compounds follow patt…
Rule 2:
8 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Silver
Zinc
Aluminum
Column 1
+1
+2
+3
+1
Silver
+1
Zinc
+2
8 terms
oxidation numbers
group 1
group 2
Group 13
Group 14
+1
+2
+3
+4 or -4
group 1
+1
group 2
+2
32 terms
Oxidation Numbers
What is the oxidation number of oxygen…
What must the oxidation number of carb…
What is the oxidation number of hydrog…
What is oxygen's oxidation number in H…
-2
+4
+1
-2
What is the oxidation number of oxygen…
-2
What must the oxidation number of carb…
+4
28 terms
Oxidation Numbers
What is the oxidation number of oxygen…
What must the oxidation number of carb…
What is the oxidation number of hydrog…
What is oxygen's oxidation number in H…
-2
+4
+1
-2
What is the oxidation number of oxygen…
-2
What must the oxidation number of carb…
+4
5 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Element
Ion
H
O
0
charge
-1 (metal) or +1 (non-metal)
-2 (except peroxide, O₂²⁻ = -1 each)
Element
0
Ion
charge
10 terms
Oxidation Numbers
The oxidation number of an element ind…
Define: Oxidation
Define: Reduction
How many rules are there for assigning…
The number of electrons lost, gained, or shared as a result o…
An increase in oxidation number.
A decrease in oxidation number.
There are six rules.
The oxidation number of an element ind…
The number of electrons lost, gained, or shared as a result o…
Define: Oxidation
An increase in oxidation number.
8 terms
Oxidation numbers
elements with no charge have an oxidat…
Monoatomic ions have an oxidation numb…
GROUP IA
GROUP IIA
0
equal to their charge
1
2
elements with no charge have an oxidat…
0
Monoatomic ions have an oxidation numb…
equal to their charge
8 terms
Oxidation numbers
elemental form
alkali metal ions
Alkaline earth metals
Aluminum
0 ... ex: H2
+1
+2
+3
elemental form
0 ... ex: H2
alkali metal ions
+1
5 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Flourine
Group 1A or 2A Metal
Hydrogen
Oxygen
-1
+1 or +2, respectively
+1. Exceptions: Any combination with a Group 1A or 2A metal t…
-2. Exceptions: Any combination with something higher on the…
Flourine
-1
Group 1A or 2A Metal
+1 or +2, respectively
32 terms
Oxidation Numbers
cesium
copper
hydrogen
Lithium
Cs+
Cu+
H+
Li+
cesium
Cs+
copper
Cu+
31 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Cesium
Copper(I)
Hydrogen
Lithium
Cs+1
Cu+1
H+1
Li+1
Cesium
Cs+1
Copper(I)
Cu+1
10 terms
Oxidation Numbers
OH⁻
CN-
CNO-
SO₄²⁻
Hydroxide
Cyanide
Cyanate
Sulfate
OH⁻
Hydroxide
CN-
Cyanide
oxidation numbers
Fluorine
group 1A or 2A
Hydrogen
oxygen
-1
+1 or +2
+1 except with 1A or 2A it is -1
-2
Fluorine
-1
group 1A or 2A
+1 or +2
8 terms
Oxidation numbers
Group 1A metals
Group 2A metals
Fluorine
Hydrogen
+1
+2
-1
+1
Group 1A metals
+1
Group 2A metals
+2
50 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Cesium
Copper (I)
Hydrogen
Lithium
+1 Cs
+1 Cu
+1 H
+1 Li
Cesium
+1 Cs
Copper (I)
+1 Cu
31 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Cesium
Copper (I)
Hydrogen
Lithium
Cs +
Cu +
H +
Li +
Cesium
Cs +
Copper (I)
Cu +
47 terms
Oxidation numbers
Cesium
Copper(I)
Hydrogen
Lithium
Cs+
Cu+
H+
Li+
Cesium
Cs+
Copper(I)
Cu+
Oxidation Numbers
Free elements
Monatomic ions
Alkali metals
Alkali earth metals
0
charge of ion
+1
+2
Free elements
0
Monatomic ions
charge of ion
13 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Elemental form
Monatomic ions
K+
S2-
0
Ionic charge
+1
-2
Elemental form
0
Monatomic ions
Ionic charge
32 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Nitrite
Nitrate
Hypochlorite
Chlorite
No2 -1
No3 -1
ClO -1
ClO2 -1
Nitrite
No2 -1
Nitrate
No3 -1
44 terms
Oxidation numbers
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
Rubidium
Li
Na
K
Rb
Lithium
Li
Sodium
Na
Oxidation Numbers
NH4
CO2
HSO4 -
H2O2
N=-3... H=+1
C=+4... O=-2
H=+1... S=+6... O=-2
H=+1... O=-1
NH4
N=-3... H=+1
CO2
C=+4... O=-2
10 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Atom in its elemental form
Monatomic ion
Polyatomic ion
The sum of O.N values in a molecule of…
0
ion charge
sum of O.N values equals ion charge
0
Atom in its elemental form
0
Monatomic ion
ion charge
10 terms
Oxidation Numbers
for an atom in its elemental form
for a monoatomic ion
the sum of the ON values for the atoms…
the sum of the ON values for the atoms…
ON = 0
ON = ion's charge
ON = 0
ON = ion's charge
for an atom in its elemental form
ON = 0
for a monoatomic ion
ON = ion's charge
40 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Ammonium
Dimercury
Acetate
Benzoate
+1
+2
-1
-1
Ammonium
+1
Dimercury
+2
16 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Chromium (II)
Chromium (III)
Lead (II)
chromous
chromic
plumbous
Chromium (II)
chromous
Chromium (III)
chromic
15 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Oxidation Number
Oxidation
Reduction
Oxidizing Agent
Number of electrons lost, gained or shared as a result of che…
An increase in oxidation number.
A decrease in oxidation number.
Substance that brings about the oxidation and is reduced.
Oxidation Number
Number of electrons lost, gained or shared as a result of che…
Oxidation
An increase in oxidation number.
9 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Oxidation number for an atom in elemen…
Oxidation number of monoatomic ion =
Oxidation number of all group 1A metals
Ox number of all group 2a metals
0
charge on the ion
+1
+2
Oxidation number for an atom in elemen…
0
Oxidation number of monoatomic ion =
charge on the ion
10 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Oxidation number of a simple ion
Oxidation number of an atom in a neutr…
Oxidation number of H when combined wi…
Oxidation number of H when combined wi…
Charge on the ion; Na+ is +1
0: S8, O2 are 0
+1; as in CH4, NH3, and H2O
-1; as in LiH, NaH and LiAlH4
Oxidation number of a simple ion
Charge on the ion; Na+ is +1
Oxidation number of an atom in a neutr…
0: S8, O2 are 0
102 terms
OXIDATION NUMBERS
H
He
Li
Be
+1 -1
0
+1
+2
H
+1 -1
He
0
12 terms
Oxidation Numbers
an uncombined element
a monatomic ion
the more electronegative element in a…
Fluorine
0
the charge on the ion
the number equal to the charge if it were an ion
-1
an uncombined element
0
a monatomic ion
the charge on the ion
33 terms
Oxidation numbers
H
B
N
F
+1
+3
-3
-1
H
+1
B
+3
8 terms
Oxidation Numbers
acetate
Chlorate
Hydroxide
Nitrate
C2H3O2^1-
CLO3^1-
OH^1-
NO3^1-
acetate
C2H3O2^1-
Chlorate
CLO3^1-
9 terms
Oxidation Numbers
for an atom in its element form
for a monoatomic ion
for oxygen in a molecular compound
Exception for oxygen
oxidation #= 0
oxidation #= to its charge ... Ex: Mg²⁺, 2⁺
oxidation #= 2⁻
ON, H₂O₂... Oxygen will equal -1
for an atom in its element form
oxidation #= 0
for a monoatomic ion
oxidation #= to its charge ... Ex: Mg²⁺, 2⁺
9 terms
Oxidation Numbers
decomposition
Decomposition
Synthesis
In order
NaCl→NaCl2
H20→H2+O2
H2+O2→H2O
1,2,3,+/-4,-3,-2,-1
decomposition
NaCl→NaCl2
Decomposition
H20→H2+O2
23 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Hydrogen
Lithium
Cesium
Sodium
H^+1
Li^+1
Cs^+1
Na^+1
Hydrogen
H^+1
Lithium
Li^+1
31 terms
Oxidation Numbers
hydrogen
lithium
sodium
potassium
+1
+1
+1
+1
hydrogen
+1
lithium
+1
15 terms
Oxidation Numbers
Aluminum
Barium
Bromine
Calcium
3
2
-1
2
Aluminum
3
Barium
2
13 terms
Oxidation numbers
Iron
Copper
Tin
Silver
+2 or +3
+1 or +2
+2 or + 4
+1
Iron
+2 or +3
Copper
+1 or +2
10 terms
Oxidation numbers
Iron
Copper
Tin
Silver
+2 or +3
+1 or +2
+2 or +4
+1
Iron
+2 or +3
Copper
+1 or +2
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