Study sets matching "oxidation"

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Study sets matching "oxidation"

41 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Ch. 21 Lipid Synthesis
Synthesis of Malonyl-CoA
Malonyl-CoA has _____ carbons and is i…
Fatty acid synthesis: Addition to and…
Brief overview of the 4 repeated steps
Acetyl-CoA + Bicarbonate → Malonyl-CoA... -Catalyzed by Acetyl-…
3; lipid synthesis; lipid oxidation
Basic strategy:... -Acetyl-CoA + Malonyl-CoA should result in a…
Malonyl group and acetyl group to start with... 1) Condensation…
Synthesis of Malonyl-CoA
Acetyl-CoA + Bicarbonate → Malonyl-CoA... -Catalyzed by Acetyl-…
Malonyl-CoA has _____ carbons and is i…
3; lipid synthesis; lipid oxidation
16 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Ionenbindung Formeln
Hydrid
Fluorid
Chlorid
Bromid
H'
F'
Cl'
Br'
Hydrid
H'
Fluorid
F'
35 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Nutritional factor affecting microbial growth
Chemotroph
Phototrops
Autotrophs
RubisCo
Energy Souce ... Oxidation of chemical (loss of electrons)
Energy souce... Energy comes form the sun ... Gather energy using p…
Carbon source... Fix carbon from atmosphere
Enzymeused to fix atmospheric carbon
Chemotroph
Energy Souce ... Oxidation of chemical (loss of electrons)
Phototrops
Energy souce... Energy comes form the sun ... Gather energy using p…
20 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Intrinsic Innervation of GI Tract
What is Hirschprung disease?
Where is the myenteric (Auerbach's ple…
Where is the submucosal (Meissner's) p…
The intrinsic (Enteric) nervous system…
A congenital disorder associated with constipation, megacolon…
Lies between the longitudinal and circular smooth muscle laye…
Between the circular smooth muscle layer and the mucosa.
Parasympathetic... Sympathetic
What is Hirschprung disease?
A congenital disorder associated with constipation, megacolon…
Where is the myenteric (Auerbach's ple…
Lies between the longitudinal and circular smooth muscle laye…
11 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chemistry - REDOX
Acidified potassium manganate (VII), K…
Acidified potassium dichromate (VI), K…
Aqueous hydrogen peroxide
Chlorine
Oxidising Agent, Purple to colourless... Purple aqueous manganat…
Oxidising Agent, Orange to green... The orange aqueous dichromat…
Oxidising Agent... When used as an oxidising agent with aqueous…
Oxidising Agent... When used as an oxidised agent with aqueous K…
Acidified potassium manganate (VII), K…
Oxidising Agent, Purple to colourless... Purple aqueous manganat…
Acidified potassium dichromate (VI), K…
Oxidising Agent, Orange to green... The orange aqueous dichromat…
11 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Module 1; General Principles 2 (slides 25-50)
Metabolism
Metabolism can
First pass metabolism/effect
First pass metabolism/effect influences
Biotransformation, chemical change of drug structure by enzym…
1. enhance excretion... 2. inactivate the drug (usually making i…
Rapid hepatic inactivation of certain drugs on their "first p…
Bioavailability, the fraction of unchanged drug reaching the…
Metabolism
Biotransformation, chemical change of drug structure by enzym…
Metabolism can
1. enhance excretion... 2. inactivate the drug (usually making i…
68 termscreated on January 21, 2017
HEMOSTASIS
balance of substances to prevent bleed…
bleeding... thrombosis
coagulation proteins... fibrinolytic prot…
Primary Hemostasis
Define hemostasis
conditions under imbalanced hemostasis
2 plasma components
Associated with vascular intima and platelets
balance of substances to prevent bleed…
Define hemostasis
bleeding... thrombosis
conditions under imbalanced hemostasis
39 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Vocab O and P
ocean current
ocean dumping
Ogallala Aquifer
oil (crude oil)
is a continuous, directed movement of seawater generated by f…
deliberate disposal of hazardous wastes at sea from vessels,…
is a shallow water table aquifer surrounded by sand, silt, cl…
is a naturally occurring, unrefined petroleum product compose…
ocean current
is a continuous, directed movement of seawater generated by f…
ocean dumping
deliberate disposal of hazardous wastes at sea from vessels,…
70 terms
created on January 21, 2017
Lecture 1. Animal Histology
Subcategories of Histology
Histologic Methods
Angstrom in meters
Angstrom in mm
(ECoMuNe) Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
(MTCCI) Microscopy, Tissue prep, Cell/Organ/Tissue culture, C…
10-10
10-7
Subcategories of Histology
(ECoMuNe) Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
Histologic Methods
(MTCCI) Microscopy, Tissue prep, Cell/Organ/Tissue culture, C…
21 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Cellular respiration
Fermentation
Cellular respiration
Redox reactions
Oxidation
A partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
Oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with organic fuel. Mos…
A transfer of one or more electrons from one reactant to anot…
The loss of electrons from a substance
Fermentation
A partial degradation of sugars that occurs without the use o…
Cellular respiration
Oxygen is consumed as a reactant along with organic fuel. Mos…
19 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Biochemistry midterm
turnover number
cholinesterase
penicillinase
lactate dehydrogenase
is the number of substrate molecules transformed per minute b…
hydrolysis of acethycholine
hydrolysis of penicillin
conversion of pyruvate to lactate
turnover number
is the number of substrate molecules transformed per minute b…
cholinesterase
hydrolysis of acethycholine
12 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chemistry Exam Equations
Metals + water
Metals + hydrochloric acid
Hydrochloric acid
Nitric acid
hydrogen + metal oxide
hydrogen + metal chloride
HCl
HNO3
Metals + water
hydrogen + metal oxide
Metals + hydrochloric acid
hydrogen + metal chloride
33 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Topic 5: Red Blood Cell Pathology
Red Blood Cells
Hemoglobin
Anemia
Signs and Symptoms of Anemia
carry oxygen to body tissues via hemoglobin
A protein in RBC that reversibly binds to 4 oxygen molecules…
A Reduction below normal in hemoglobin, hematocrit or red blo…
Pale Skin, Mucous membranes, Jaundice (if hemolytic), Tachyca…
Red Blood Cells
carry oxygen to body tissues via hemoglobin
Hemoglobin
A protein in RBC that reversibly binds to 4 oxygen molecules…
27 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Surviving the Extremes: High Altitude
Where is heat loss the greatest? Why?
why are fingers more vulnerable to col…
Describe acute mountain sickness
how does caffeine affect the blood ves…
body's ends - head, hands, feet; surface area is larger than…
toes are stubbier and don't move independently
caused by dilation of blood vessel and shift of fluid into br…
stretches them
Where is heat loss the greatest? Why?
body's ends - head, hands, feet; surface area is larger than…
why are fingers more vulnerable to col…
toes are stubbier and don't move independently
32 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chemistry stuff to know
Lithium ion
Sodium ion
Potassium ion
Hydrogen ion
Li+
Na+
K+
H+
Lithium ion
Li+
Sodium ion
Na+
87 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Foundations of Biology: Chapter 3 and 4.1
In large polymeric macromolecules, ato…
Monomers are joined together by ______…
Which of the following functional grou…
Glucose
covalent
condensation; hydrolysis
A
gets broken down for energy
In large polymeric macromolecules, ato…
covalent
Monomers are joined together by ______…
condensation; hydrolysis
31 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chapter 3: Chemistry
Matter
Substance
States of matter
Solid
- Anything that has mass and takes up space ... - Everything aro…
Matter with a uniform and unchanging composition ... (pure subst…
the physical forms of matter, either solid, liquid, or gas
a form of matter ... - definite mass... - definite volume... - definit…
Matter
- Anything that has mass and takes up space ... - Everything aro…
Substance
Matter with a uniform and unchanging composition ... (pure subst…
18 termscreated on January 21, 2017
UNDONE: Taking Care of Hair
White Vinegar... Diet... Brew Tea Leaves
Diet
Dry Hair
Use less or no heat... Use acidifiers... Avo…
Three tips in Controlling Oily Hair
It plays an important role in the secretion of oil by the seb…
It is caused by heat, an open cuticle, chemicals applied to t…
Four proper care of hair:... U... U... A... T
White Vinegar... Diet... Brew Tea Leaves
Three tips in Controlling Oily Hair
Diet
It plays an important role in the secretion of oil by the seb…
23 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Science Quiz (11/12)
centimeter
decimeter
kilometer
meter
a metric unit of length, equal to one hundredth of a meter
a metric unit of length, equal to one tenth of a meter
a metric unit of measurement equal to 1,000 meters (approxima…
the fundamental unit of length in the metric system, equal to…
centimeter
a metric unit of length, equal to one hundredth of a meter
decimeter
a metric unit of length, equal to one tenth of a meter
19 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Categories and Special Properties of Amino Acids
Name the nonpolar, aliphatic amino acids
Name the aromatic amino acids
Name the polar uncharged amino acids
Name the positively charged (basic) am…
Glycine, Alanine, Valine, Proline, Methionine, Leucine, Isole…
Phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan
Serine, threonine, cysteine, asparagine, glutamine
Lysine, arginine, histidine
Name the nonpolar, aliphatic amino acids
Glycine, Alanine, Valine, Proline, Methionine, Leucine, Isole…
Name the aromatic amino acids
Phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan
9 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Types of Chemical Reactions
Thermal Decomposition of Calcium Carbo…
Thermal decomposition of Bicarbonate (…
Thermal decomposition of metal oxides
Hydrochloric acid neutralization (sodi…
CaCO₃(s) → CO₂(g) + CaO(s)
2NaHCO₃(s) → Na₂CO₃(s) + CO₂(g) + H₂O(g)
CuO(s) → Cu + O₂(g)
HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) → NaCl(aq) + H₂O(l)
Thermal Decomposition of Calcium Carbo…
CaCO₃(s) → CO₂(g) + CaO(s)
Thermal decomposition of Bicarbonate (…
2NaHCO₃(s) → Na₂CO₃(s) + CO₂(g) + H₂O(g)
34 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Biochemistry: A.4: Glycolysis I
How glucose is used in anabolic proces…
How glucose is used in catabolic proce…
2 phases of glycolysis
Preparatory phase of glycolysis
...
...
...
...
How glucose is used in anabolic proces…
...
How glucose is used in catabolic proce…
...
32 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Immuno Lecture #2
What is the lymphatic system?
What are all the cellular elements of…
What are the origins of WBCs in the im…
What does the myeloid progenitor (that…
specialized system of vessels where cells of the immune syste…
RBC, platelets, and WBCs
hematopoietic stem cells in bone marrow or pluripotent stems…
granulocytes, macrophages (m0), dendritic cells, and masts ce…
What is the lymphatic system?
specialized system of vessels where cells of the immune syste…
What are all the cellular elements of…
RBC, platelets, and WBCs
34 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chapter 1
evolution
biology
emergent properties
systems biology
descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
the scientific study of life
new properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
an approach to studying biology that aims to model the dynami…
evolution
descent with modification; the idea that living species are d…
biology
the scientific study of life
24 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chemistry- Chapter 5 review vocab
periodic table
periodic law
group
family
organized essential information in a manageable format
the properties of elements vary wifh their atomic numbers in…
vertical column of elements
another name for group
periodic table
organized essential information in a manageable format
periodic law
the properties of elements vary wifh their atomic numbers in…
21 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Unit 3
The equation of energy
Catabolism
Anabolism
Competitive Inhibitors
C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O+Heat
release of energy due to breakdown of complex molecules to si…
consumption of energy to build complex molecules from simpler…
reversible inhibitors that compete for the active site (reduc…
The equation of energy
C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O+Heat
Catabolism
release of energy due to breakdown of complex molecules to si…
25 termscreated on January 21, 2017
UNDONE: Shampoo and Conditioners
Shampoos
Dandruff Shampoo
Dandruff Shampoo
Malassezia Furfur
These are now formulated based on specific hair type and part…
S:... Cosmetic companies have developed these shampoos specific…
S:... These shampoos contain fungicides
These fungicides such as ketoconazole, zinc pyrithione, and s…
Shampoos
These are now formulated based on specific hair type and part…
Dandruff Shampoo
S:... Cosmetic companies have developed these shampoos specific…
6 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Valence Electrons
Valence Electrons
Orbital Diagram Patterns
Dot Diagrams
Oxidation Number
electrons located in the outermost shell; controls bonding (o…
1A [Alkali Earth Metals] = S1... 2A [Alkaline Earth Metals] = S2…
shows the valence electrons around the symbol for an element
-the charge typical for a family after it loses or gains elec…
Valence Electrons
electrons located in the outermost shell; controls bonding (o…
Orbital Diagram Patterns
1A [Alkali Earth Metals] = S1... 2A [Alkaline Earth Metals] = S2…
60 termscreated on January 21, 2017
CH 3,4,5 QUIZ
Which of the following is temporarily…
purpose of the Calvin-Benson cycle B g…
In eukaryotic cells, all of the follow…
NADH generated during cellular respira…
the enzyme-substrate complex
the production of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate by fixation of C…
glycolysis
30
Which of the following is temporarily…
the enzyme-substrate complex
purpose of the Calvin-Benson cycle B g…
the production of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate by fixation of C…
25 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Science
The process called_ involves physical…
In the process of _, water freezes and…
The process called _ occurs when large…
A large pile of debris that forms at t…
Mechanical weathering
Frost wedging
Exfoliation
Chemical weathering
The process called_ involves physical…
Mechanical weathering
In the process of _, water freezes and…
Frost wedging
40 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Ceramics Terms
objects (such as bowls, plates, etc.)…
the slow process of clay becoming cera…
moisture evaporating out of clay 5%-10…
the properties of a material that allo…
pottery
ceramic change
shrinkage
plasticity
objects (such as bowls, plates, etc.)…
pottery
the slow process of clay becoming cera…
ceramic change
20 termscreated on January 21, 2017
1 - ATech Robbins Chap 12 - Heart
Transmural infarcts
Subendocardial infarcts
Contraction bands
Myocytolysis
...
...
...
...
Transmural infarcts
...
Subendocardial infarcts
...
32 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Biomaterials Sem. 3 WK. 8 Dental Amalgam
Biomaterials Sem. 3 WK. 8 Dental Amalgam
an alloy which combines liquid mercur…
Types of metals used to make amalgam
Reaction that occurs when amalgam allo…
...
Dental amalgam... Mercury (liquid) + Amalgam alloy (powder) of…
*Mercury - Hg... *Copper - Cu (hardness)... *Tin - Sn... *Silver - Ag…
Amalgamation... Ag-Sn alloy (gamma phase)... ¹ (gamma one) Silve…
Biomaterials Sem. 3 WK. 8 Dental Amalgam
...
an alloy which combines liquid mercur…
Dental amalgam... Mercury (liquid) + Amalgam alloy (powder) of…
37 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Aqueous Chemistry
Solution
Aqueous Solution
Solute
Solvent
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
A solution involving water as the solvent
The substance present in the lesser amount in solution
The substance present in the larger quantity
Solution
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
Aqueous Solution
A solution involving water as the solvent
15 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Headstart Chem Revision
Pure elements have an oxidation no. of…
Simple monatomic ions have an oxidatio…
Oxygen when part of a compound general…
Exception to oxygen oxidation no.
0, O₂
equal to their charge
-2
-1 when in peroxides
Pure elements have an oxidation no. of…
0, O₂
Simple monatomic ions have an oxidatio…
equal to their charge
28 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Pre ap Unit 3 chem test
Some elements are unlikely to lose or…
In the symbol K+, the + indicates the…
Polar molecules have ionic bonds.... True…
A group of atoms that acts together as…
silicon
false
false
none of these are correct
Some elements are unlikely to lose or…
silicon
In the symbol K+, the + indicates the…
false
40 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chapter 9 Biochemical ID of Gram Negative Bacteria
Asaccharolytic
beta-glactoside permease
Y-glactoside permease
Chromogenic substrate
...
...
...
...
Asaccharolytic
...
beta-glactoside permease
...
11 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Unit 7 Lecture 26 Atmospheric Science And Air Pollution
Troposphere
Industrial Smog
Primary Pollution
Ozone
A layer of the atmosphere closest to the surface of Earth, ex…
Smog created during the process of manufacturing
A polluting compound that comes directly out of a smokestack,…
An unstable, poisonous allotrope of oxygen, O3, that is forme…
Troposphere
A layer of the atmosphere closest to the surface of Earth, ex…
Industrial Smog
Smog created during the process of manufacturing
17 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Common Ions Group 3
Hydrogen Carbonate or Bicarbonate
Hydrogen Sulfate
Nitrate
Thiocyanate
HCO₃⁻
HSO₄⁻
NO₂⁻
SCN⁻
Hydrogen Carbonate or Bicarbonate
HCO₃⁻
Hydrogen Sulfate
HSO₄⁻
14 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chemistry Unit 4
Atomic Radius
Ionic Radius
Ionization Energy
Electronegativity
decreases across a Period, increases down a Group; a measure…
decreases across a Period, increases down a Group; distance f…
increases across a Period, decreases down a Group; energy req…
increases across a Period, decreases down a Group; the atom's…
Atomic Radius
decreases across a Period, increases down a Group; a measure…
Ionic Radius
decreases across a Period, increases down a Group; distance f…
193 termscreated on January 21, 2017
ULTIMATE CHEMISTRY REGENTS REVIEW
absolute temperature
absolute zero
accuracy
acid
This is a temperature reading made relative to absolute zero.…
This is the lowest temperature possible. If you remember that…
When you measure something, the accuracy is how close your me…
This is anything that gives off H+ ions in water. Acids have…
absolute temperature
This is a temperature reading made relative to absolute zero.…
absolute zero
This is the lowest temperature possible. If you remember that…
22 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Bio Final Study Guide Part 7 (photosynthesis) Part 8 (Cellular Respiration)
Define chloroplasts
Define chlorophyll
Define autotroph
define heterotroph
Organelles where photosynthesis takes place
The green pigment in plants that absorbs light
Organisms that produce their own food through photosynthesis…
consuming organisms that require nutrients from others. (mamm…
Define chloroplasts
Organelles where photosynthesis takes place
Define chlorophyll
The green pigment in plants that absorbs light
29 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology test one notes
What are blood borne pathogens
Bio-safety levels
Bio-safety level ... Risk Group 1
Bio-safety level ... Risk Group 2
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human b…
Risk groups 1-4
Agents not associated with disease in healthy adult humans
Agents associated with human disease but generally not seriou…
What are blood borne pathogens
Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human b…
Bio-safety levels
Risk groups 1-4
25 termscreated on January 21, 2017
LS 3 Lecture 2
Proteins are polymers made from ______
What are polypeptides?
What composes an amino acid
Review what makes amino acids correspo…
amino acids
linear polymers of... amino acids
amino group ... carboxyl group... hydrogen ... R group
...
Proteins are polymers made from ______
amino acids
What are polypeptides?
linear polymers of... amino acids
7 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chemistry compound exceptions
H2CO3
H2SO4
NH4OH
Binary ionic compounds ->
CO2 + H2O
SO2 + H2O
NH3 + H2O
Metal + nonmetal
H2CO3
CO2 + H2O
H2SO4
SO2 + H2O
35 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Fungicides
chlorthalonil
Captan
fludioxonil
propamocarb
Chlorontrile... Contact
Phthamlimides... contact
phenylpyrrole... contact
carbamate... lp
chlorthalonil
Chlorontrile... Contact
Captan
Phthamlimides... contact
13 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Blast furnace
1. Coke reacts with hot air
Function of carbon dioxide reaction
2. Carbon dioxide reacts with coke
Function of carbon monoxide
C (s) + O₂ (s) → CO₂ (g)
Exothermic so it provides heat energy for extraction process
CO₂ (g) + C (s) → 2CO (g)
Reducing agent for extraction of iron
1. Coke reacts with hot air
C (s) + O₂ (s) → CO₂ (g)
Function of carbon dioxide reaction
Exothermic so it provides heat energy for extraction process
11 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Alcohol
What is alcohol?
Problems of alcohol
Alcohol percentages
Alcohol proof
-Ethanol... -Depressant... -Acts as stimulat at first the. Slows bo…
-an estimated 14 million alcoholics in the US... -2 million are…
-light beer 2.5 to 3.5%... -beer 3 to 6%... -wine coolers 5 to 6%... -…
Proof is double the percent 86 proof would be 43% Alcohol
What is alcohol?
-Ethanol... -Depressant... -Acts as stimulat at first the. Slows bo…
Problems of alcohol
-an estimated 14 million alcoholics in the US... -2 million are…
60 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Hematology 16 - 17 WBCs & Malignancy Mgmt - Avery3592
stages of neutrophil development
neutrophil lifespan in the blood
stages of macrophage development
macrophage lifespan in the blood & tis…
myeloblast... promyelocyte... myelocyte... metamyelocyte... band neutroph…
6-10 hours
myeloblast... promonocyte... monocyte... immature macrophage... mature ma…
6-10 hours... 4-5 days in tisuses
stages of neutrophil development
myeloblast... promyelocyte... myelocyte... metamyelocyte... band neutroph…
neutrophil lifespan in the blood
6-10 hours
115 termscreated on January 21, 2017
A&P 3&5
Polar molecules are the result of
Sebaceous glands
Lamellar corpuscle
What is the most common cell in the ep…
Unequal electron pair sharing
Secrets oil to lubricate hair and prevent infection
Detects pressure stimulus
Keratinocytes
Polar molecules are the result of
Unequal electron pair sharing
Sebaceous glands
Secrets oil to lubricate hair and prevent infection
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