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Study sets matching "oxidation"

41 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Bio Final pt2
Isotonic animal
Isotonic plant
Hypotonic plant
Hypertonic animal
Equal water movement, normal
Equal water movement, normal
Water movement in, turgid
Water movement out, crenation
Isotonic animal
Equal water movement, normal
Isotonic plant
Equal water movement, normal
25 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Adv - Chapter 2
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Photosynthesis
Cell Respiration
...
...
...
...
Heterotrophs
...
Autotrophs
...
55 termscreated on December 10, 2016
chemistry final exam review
Define mass and matter
What is a physical property?
What is a chemical change?
What are the characteristics of solids…
Mass - Amount of matter an object contains... Matter - Anything…
Properties that can be observed without changing the composit…
Any change that results in a new chemical substance... - Burning…
Solid - Has definite shape and definite volume... Liquid - No de…
Define mass and matter
Mass - Amount of matter an object contains... Matter - Anything…
What is a physical property?
Properties that can be observed without changing the composit…
29 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biochemistry Exam 3
All of the following are characteristi…
All are allosteric effectors of pyruva…
All of the following enzymes of glycol…
The oxidation of malate to oxaloacetat…
B. citrate inhibits glucokinase to regulate glycolysis.
A. pyruvate.
B. glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase.
D. oxaloacetate is used in the next reaction, which has a neg…
All of the following are characteristi…
B. citrate inhibits glucokinase to regulate glycolysis.
All are allosteric effectors of pyruva…
A. pyruvate.
21 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Mod 5
Endergonic
Exergonic
Oxidation
Reduction
Input of energy ... Anabolism ... G is positive
Loss of energy ... Catabolism ... G is negative
One or more electrons are lost ... Less energy
One or more electrons are gained ... More energy
Endergonic
Input of energy ... Anabolism ... G is positive
Exergonic
Loss of energy ... Catabolism ... G is negative
21 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Elderly
mortality: 3 C's
morbidity
no longer an issue:
aging
...
hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis; dementia, arthritis
infectious disease
exposure to environmental insults; genetics; lifestyle
mortality: 3 C's
...
morbidity
hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis; dementia, arthritis
30 termscreated on December 10, 2016
chem final vocab
electromagnetic wave
wavelength
amplitude
photon
wave that has an electric field and magnetic field component
the distance between identical points on successive waves
...
...
electromagnetic wave
wave that has an electric field and magnetic field component
wavelength
the distance between identical points on successive waves
18 termscreated on December 10, 2016
surgery final- quizzes we didnt have last time
which of the following is considered t…
in the secondary bone healing with cal…
an autogenous cancellous bone graft ca…
To adequately stabilize a limb fractur…
B) cancelous bone autograft
c) tension
b) mid-diaphysis of radius
True
which of the following is considered t…
B) cancelous bone autograft
in the secondary bone healing with cal…
c) tension
25 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Science
FLAME TEST Li⁺
FLAME TEST Na⁺
FLAME TEST K⁺
FLAME TEST Ca²⁺
bright red
Golden yellow
Lilac
brick red
FLAME TEST Li⁺
bright red
FLAME TEST Na⁺
Golden yellow
22 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Mediators of Inflammation
Histamine
Serotonin (5-HT)
Platelet activating factor (PAF)
Cytokines
-Widely distributed (mast cells, basophils & platelets)... -Medi…
-Found in epithelium, platelet granules & enterochromaffin ce…
-Derived from cell membranes... -Activated via phospholipase A... -…
-Polypeptide products of lymphocytes & macrophages that modul…
Histamine
-Widely distributed (mast cells, basophils & platelets)... -Medi…
Serotonin (5-HT)
-Found in epithelium, platelet granules & enterochromaffin ce…
38 termscreated on December 10, 2016
honors chem 7
millions
systematic
relative
hydrocarbons
the total number of natural and synthetic chemical compounds…
to describe the atomic makeup of compounds, chemists use ____…
a chemical formula indicates the _________ number of atoms of…
molecular compounds composed solely of carbon and hydrogen
millions
the total number of natural and synthetic chemical compounds…
systematic
to describe the atomic makeup of compounds, chemists use ____…
52 termscreated on December 10, 2016
final 3 exam Patho review
What puts an elderly client at higher…
The nurse knows that T cells are produ…
A client is stung by a bee while playi…
Which type of immunity is correlated w…
decrease in specific antibodies
thymus gland
IgE
humoral
What puts an elderly client at higher…
decrease in specific antibodies
The nurse knows that T cells are produ…
thymus gland
28 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Bio ch 7
What is the aim of cellular respiration?
What are the four metabolic pathways o…
Does glycolysis require oxygen?
What are the three phases of glycolysis?
To make ATP and NADH.
Glycolysis... Breakdown of pyruvate... Citric Acid Cycle... Oxidative…
No.
Energy investment... Cleavage... Energy Liberation... (10 steps total)
What is the aim of cellular respiration?
To make ATP and NADH.
What are the four metabolic pathways o…
Glycolysis... Breakdown of pyruvate... Citric Acid Cycle... Oxidative…
8 termscreated on December 10, 2016
misc biochem - s
enzymes that convert glycerol to DHAP
enzymes that help oxidize unsaturated…
enzyme that allows oxidation of odd ch…
enzyme that breaks down H2O2 into H2O…
glycerol kinase... glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase
cis ∆3 enoyl CoA Isomerase if monounsaturated ... (moves bond fr…
propoinyl Coa Carboxylase... methylmalonylCoA mutase... eventuall…
catalase
enzymes that convert glycerol to DHAP
glycerol kinase... glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase
enzymes that help oxidize unsaturated…
cis ∆3 enoyl CoA Isomerase if monounsaturated ... (moves bond fr…
9 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 4 Chemical Reactions
Chemical Reactions
net ionic equation
Oxidation
Reduction
(a) mass relationships (stoichiometry)... (b) types of reactions…
reveals only the spectator ions
-loss of electrons... -loss of hydrogen ... -gain of oxygen
-gain of electrons... -gain of hydrogen... -loss of oxygen
Chemical Reactions
(a) mass relationships (stoichiometry)... (b) types of reactions…
net ionic equation
reveals only the spectator ions
7 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chem
Synthesis
Decomposition
Neutralization
Single displacement reaction
Iron+sulfur = iron 2 sulphate
Mercury 2 oxide =(heat) mercury and oxygen
H2SO4 + CuO = CUSO4+H2O
Zn+CuSO4= ZnSO4+Cu
Synthesis
Iron+sulfur = iron 2 sulphate
Decomposition
Mercury 2 oxide =(heat) mercury and oxygen
9 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Cellular Organelles
cytosol
nucleus
endoplasmic reticulum
golgi apparatus
contains many metabolic pathways
contains main genome, DNA & RNA synthesis
synthesis of proteins for distribution to organelles
sorting and packaging of proteins for secretion
cytosol
contains many metabolic pathways
nucleus
contains main genome, DNA & RNA synthesis
93 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Excretion Exam 4
extracellular fluid
hemolymph
interstitial fluid and blood plasma
osmolarity
The majority of cells in most animals (all but sponges and cn…
Animals with an open circulatory system have an extracellular…
Animals with a closed circulatory system have two extracellul…
Osmoregulators expend energy to control their internal ____
extracellular fluid
The majority of cells in most animals (all but sponges and cn…
hemolymph
Animals with an open circulatory system have an extracellular…
44 termscreated on December 10, 2016
BISC: Exam 2 (Questions and Answers)
A chemical equation is balanced when
The specific heat of a substance is th…
The average mass of one atom of platin…
In a gas, the distance between the par…
the number of atoms of each element is the same in reactants…
False
195.078 g
False
A chemical equation is balanced when
the number of atoms of each element is the same in reactants…
The specific heat of a substance is th…
False
22 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Divisions of the NS ch 11 A&P
Neuroglia
Astrocytes (CNS)
Microglia (CNS)
Ependymal cells (CNS)
Astrocytes (CNS)... Microglia (CNS)... Ependymal cells (CNS)... Oligod…
-most abundant & versatile... -support, brace & anchor neurons t…
- defensive... -Migrate toward & phagocytize microorganisms and…
-line fluid filled cavities in brain & spinal cord... -cilla hel…
Neuroglia
Astrocytes (CNS)... Microglia (CNS)... Ependymal cells (CNS)... Oligod…
Astrocytes (CNS)
-most abundant & versatile... -support, brace & anchor neurons t…
30 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Micro Final
What is microbiology?
What types of microbes exist?
What are differences between prokaryot…
Understand bacterial cell wall structu…
Microbiology is the specialized area of biology that deals wi…
Microorganisms: bacteria, archaea, protozoa, fungi, helminthe…
Eukaryotes: contain nucleus, both single and multi cellular…
1. Protects the cell and helps it keep its shape ... 2. It is en…
What is microbiology?
Microbiology is the specialized area of biology that deals wi…
What types of microbes exist?
Microorganisms: bacteria, archaea, protozoa, fungi, helminthe…
17 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chapter 23 part 2
Massage
Effleurage
Petrissage
Fulling
Manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing gent…
Light continuous stroking movement applied with the finger ms…
Kneading movement performed by lifting squeezing and pressuri…
Firm of petrisage in which the tissue is grasped gently lifte…
Massage
Manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing gent…
Effleurage
Light continuous stroking movement applied with the finger ms…
9 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Neurotransmitters 😛
Nitric oxide (NO)
Endorphins
Serotonin
Norepinephrine (NE)
I play a role in learning and memory and am formed on demand…
I am the body's natural pain killer
I help you sleep, regulate temperature, control your mood, an…
I wake you up from sleep and help from dreaming, and regulate…
Nitric oxide (NO)
I play a role in learning and memory and am formed on demand…
Endorphins
I am the body's natural pain killer
24 termscreated on December 10, 2016
DILI
______ is ranked first among ADRs and…
Why is the liver a key target for drug…
What is the principle cell type of the…
What are clinical signs of liver injury?
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI)
1. High blood flow... 2. first organ exposed to orally absorbed…
Hepatocytes
______ is ranked first among ADRs and…
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI)
Why is the liver a key target for drug…
1. High blood flow... 2. first organ exposed to orally absorbed…
25 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology Final
Eukaryote
What are the 3 domains?
Atomic number
Atomic mass
Bigger, has a nucleus, multicellular
Bacteria, archaea (both prokaryotes) and eukarya (eukaryotes)
Number of protons in nucleus
Total number of neutrons and protons
Eukaryote
Bigger, has a nucleus, multicellular
What are the 3 domains?
Bacteria, archaea (both prokaryotes) and eukarya (eukaryotes)
28 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Nutrition and the eye
decreases
increases
lowers 3-4 mmHg
marijuana
how does alcohol affect IOP
how does caffeine affect IOP
how does cannibus affect IOP
what is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinoid (THC) an active ingredi…
decreases
how does alcohol affect IOP
increases
how does caffeine affect IOP
64 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Exam 2 Review
The proteins involved in skeletal musc…
Sliding Filament Theory
Type 1 Muscle Fibers
Type 2A
Actin, Myosin
How the muscle contraction happens. During muscle contraction…
slow twitch, red muscle fiber, slow contracting, high concent…
fast twitch, white muscle fiber, fast contracting, contains l…
The proteins involved in skeletal musc…
Actin, Myosin
Sliding Filament Theory
How the muscle contraction happens. During muscle contraction…
16 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Nutrition: Vitamins
Vitamins
Water Soluble Vitamins
Lipid/Fat Soluble Vitamins
B Vitamins
Organic compounds that are required in small amounts to maint…
Vitamin B and Vitamin C which can be absorbed easily by the b…
Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Vitamin D, Vitamin K
Process of energy production from carbs, proteins and lipids…
Vitamins
Organic compounds that are required in small amounts to maint…
Water Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin B and Vitamin C which can be absorbed easily by the b…
36 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Chemistry
Cation
Anion
Nomenclature
Ionic bond classes
Positive ion
Negative ion
System of naming substances
Metal and Nonmetal
Cation
Positive ion
Anion
Negative ion
60 termscreated on December 10, 2016
CHM2046 Extra Notes for Final
Bonding is generally in the carbon fam…
Carbon facts
What are two qualities of graphite?
what are two qualities of diamond?
covalent
-found in all living matter... - fossil fuels ... - limestone (carb…
lubricent, conductor
abrasive, cutting
Bonding is generally in the carbon fam…
covalent
Carbon facts
-found in all living matter... - fossil fuels ... - limestone (carb…
9 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Patho: atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis is the MAIN contributo…
Atherosclerosis is the main causes of…
Atherosclerosis: response to injury Hy…
What is the order of lesion formation…
Coronary Artery Disease
MI... Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA)... Gangrene extremeties
1. proliferation... 2. Connective ... 3. oxidation
Fatty streak --> intermediate lesion --> complicated lesion
Atherosclerosis is the MAIN contributo…
Coronary Artery Disease
Atherosclerosis is the main causes of…
MI... Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA)... Gangrene extremeties
8 termscreated on December 10, 2016
CEE 2300 Final
substrate-level phosphorylation
oxidative phosphorylation
define theta c
define minimum retention time
ATP directly synthesized from an energy-rich intermediate in…
ATP produced from proton motive force formed by transport of…
the solids retention time at/below which cells are removed at…
when S=So ; there is no substrate removal and thus, the react…
substrate-level phosphorylation
ATP directly synthesized from an energy-rich intermediate in…
oxidative phosphorylation
ATP produced from proton motive force formed by transport of…
25 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Bio Ch 6
2 factors of a chemical reaction
2 forms of energy
What does the first law of thermodynam…
What does the second law of thermodyna…
Direction... Rate (enzymes)
Kinetic... Potential (chemical)
The law of conservation of energy states that energy cannot b…
The transformation of energy from one form to another increas…
2 factors of a chemical reaction
Direction... Rate (enzymes)
2 forms of energy
Kinetic... Potential (chemical)
10 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Fat- Facts
triglycerides
fatty acids X3
glycerol backbone
phospholipids
...
...
...
...
triglycerides
...
fatty acids X3
...
31 termscreated on December 10, 2016
endo ....who gives a s*%t
vas deferens travels up spermatic cord…
seminal vesicles empty into___________…
where do bulbourethral (cowpers) gland…
what happens in early embryonic period…
ampulla
ampulla
membranous urethra
primordial germ cells migrate to testes and become spermatogo…
vas deferens travels up spermatic cord…
ampulla
seminal vesicles empty into___________…
ampulla
31 termscreated on December 10, 2016
chemistry 2016 final
acid
aichemy
anion
atomic number
a substance that produces hydrogen ions in aqueous solution;…
the fore runner of chemistry; magical chemistry
a negative ion
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
acid
a substance that produces hydrogen ions in aqueous solution;…
aichemy
the fore runner of chemistry; magical chemistry
16 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Biology 1610 Exam 3 - 4A,7D,10E, 17,18D
oxidative phosphorylation
pyruvate oxidation
citric acid cycle
glycolysis
powered by electrons from NADH and FADH2, hydrogen ions movin…
produces Acetyl CoA
the most NADH is produced in this step, the only spot FADH2 i…
some ATP is converted to ADP for energy, converts glucose int…
oxidative phosphorylation
powered by electrons from NADH and FADH2, hydrogen ions movin…
pyruvate oxidation
produces Acetyl CoA
15 termscreated on December 10, 2016
TCA cycle
produces
___ C are lost as CO2
Removal of CO2 in steps 3 and 4 make t…
Why is fluoroacetarte poisonous?
3 NADH, 1 FADH, 1 GTP per pyruvate
3
in vivo
it becomes fluorocitrare, which inhibits aconitase
produces
3 NADH, 1 FADH, 1 GTP per pyruvate
___ C are lost as CO2
3
21 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Ecology Final Vocabulary
Detritus
Global Carbon Cycle
Nitrogen Cycle
Nitrogen Fixation
Dead organic matter
The exchange of carbon between its four main reservoirs: atmo…
Common, but limiting, key player in controlling ecological pr…
Biotically available Nitrogen (ONLY prokaryotes bacteria can…
Detritus
Dead organic matter
Global Carbon Cycle
The exchange of carbon between its four main reservoirs: atmo…
46 termscreated on December 10, 2016
OS 725 - Nitrous
Nitrous as analgesic
Minimum sedation
N2O properties
Nitrous and allergy
Analgesic concentrations of N2O may act directly on opiod rec…
Anxiolysis - pt alert, reflexes in tact, respiratory drive mi…
- Analgesic... - Anxiolytic... - Amnestic... - Onset of action... - Titra…
No reported allergies to N2O mixed with O2
Nitrous as analgesic
Analgesic concentrations of N2O may act directly on opiod rec…
Minimum sedation
Anxiolysis - pt alert, reflexes in tact, respiratory drive mi…
12 termscreated on December 10, 2016
final exam 7
tendon
ligament
tendon sheath
replace o2 debt
connects muscle to bone
connects bone to bone
fluid filled sac around tendons
replace o2 reserves of myoglobin. ... restore creatine phosphate…
tendon
connects muscle to bone
ligament
connects bone to bone
34 termscreated on December 10, 2016
objective key points
pth maintains Ca equilibrium by
lipid soluble hormone
water soluble hormone
anterior pituitary hormones
increasing bone resorption... stimulating production of 1,25 (OH…
permeable to plasma membrane
binds to cell surface receptor
follicle stimulating hormone ... luteinizing hormone ... ACTH... GH... TS…
pth maintains Ca equilibrium by
increasing bone resorption... stimulating production of 1,25 (OH…
lipid soluble hormone
permeable to plasma membrane
15 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Human Physiology Exam III
Mesoderm
Prenatal muscle cells
Postnatal muscle cells
Advanced age muscles
Where muscle cells derive from
Muscle cells that multiply
Muscle cell number is fixed (genetically determined)... Growth i…
Hypertrophic growth suppressed (~60 years)... Muscle cells are l…
Mesoderm
Where muscle cells derive from
Prenatal muscle cells
Muscle cells that multiply
22 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Writing formulas and naming compounds 10/12/16
Another word for charge is....
What is the charge of a hydrogen ion?
What is the charge of beryllium?
What is the charge of chlorine?
Oxidation number
+1(sometimes -1)
+2
-1
Another word for charge is....
Oxidation number
What is the charge of a hydrogen ion?
+1(sometimes -1)
14 termscreated on December 10, 2016
XIII. Archaea
why know so little about archae
2 phyla of Archaea
Euryarchaeota
mehtanogens
ubiquitous ... diverse... extreme environments
Euryarchaeota... Crenarchaeota
methanogens and halophiles
anaerobes; O2 sensitive
why know so little about archae
ubiquitous ... diverse... extreme environments
2 phyla of Archaea
Euryarchaeota... Crenarchaeota
27 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Shay's science test
What is erosion?
What is Soil?
How do metamorphic rocks form?
How do igneous rocks form?
The process by which wind, water, ice or gravity transports s…
A loose mixture of rock fragments, organic material, and wate…
They form from extreme heat and pressure.
They form by cooling down of magma.
What is erosion?
The process by which wind, water, ice or gravity transports s…
What is Soil?
A loose mixture of rock fragments, organic material, and wate…
75 termscreated on December 10, 2016
AP Chemistry Final
*Exam 1*
Rutherford's "gold foil" experiment sh…
Dalton's Atomic Theory states:
The smallest of the three known partic…
-----------------
the nucleus is a dense composition of protons and neutrons, w…
All atoms of an element are identical
electron
*Exam 1*
-----------------
Rutherford's "gold foil" experiment sh…
the nucleus is a dense composition of protons and neutrons, w…
94 termscreated on December 10, 2016
Microbiology Exam 3
Compounds, such as merthiolate, 70% is…
Organic acids (e.g., sodium benzoate)…
Which of the following factors are lik…
Soaps and detergents control microbial…
Antiseptic
Foods such as soft drinks, breads, cakes aka prepared food
All of the following:... 1. The length of time the agent is in c…
physical removal of microbes from skin
Compounds, such as merthiolate, 70% is…
Antiseptic
Organic acids (e.g., sodium benzoate)…
Foods such as soft drinks, breads, cakes aka prepared food
26 termscreated on December 10, 2016
AGBI 410 Lipid Metabolism
Carnitine acyltransferase I
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase
HMG-CoA reductase
LM
limiting enzyme in the transport of fatty acids into the mito…
rate limiting enzyme in malonyl-CoA sythesis
rate limiting enzyme in cholesterol synthesis
transporting dietary lipids to extra hepatic tissues
Carnitine acyltransferase I
limiting enzyme in the transport of fatty acids into the mito…
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase
rate limiting enzyme in malonyl-CoA sythesis
42 termscreated on December 10, 2016
UNIT 2 FINAL REVIEW
latent image
positively
negatively
sensitivity specks
unobservable (invisible) image on film resulting from interac…
silver ions are _______ charged
halide ions are ______ charged
chemical contaminants (imperfections) in crystal lattice
latent image
unobservable (invisible) image on film resulting from interac…
positively
silver ions are _______ charged
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