Study sets matching "oxidation"

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Study sets matching "oxidation"

Oxidation
Oxidising agents=
Permanganate =
Dichromate =
Primary alcohol + agent=
Dichromoate and permanganate
MnO4-
(Cr2O7)2-
Carboxylic acid
Oxidising agents=
Dichromoate and permanganate
Permanganate =
MnO4-
Oxidation
Uncombined Element
Monatomic Ion
More electronegative element in binary…
Fluorine
0... ex: Na = 0
Charge on the ion... ex: Cl- = -1
Its ion's charge... ex: in NO oxygen's charge is -2
always -1
Uncombined Element
0... ex: Na = 0
Monatomic Ion
Charge on the ion... ex: Cl- = -1
10 terms
Oxidation
Lone element
Group 1
Group 2
Halogens
0
+1
+2
-1, plus with oxygen
Lone element
0
Group 1
+1
30 terms
Oxidation
Aluminum
Barium
Calcium
Zinc
Al +3
Ba +2
Ca +2
Zn +2
Aluminum
Al +3
Barium
Ba +2
Oxidation
+2 or +3
+1 or +2
+2 or +4
+1
Iron
Copper
Tin
Silver
+2 or +3
Iron
+1 or +2
Copper
Oxidation
C (Black Solid)
CO (Colourless Gas)
SO2 (White Fumes)
H2 (Colourless Gas)
CO2 (Colourless Gas) *Solid
CO2 (Colourless Gas)
SO4-2 (Colourless Aq.) *White S
H+ (Colourless Aq.)
C (Black Solid)
CO2 (Colourless Gas) *Solid
CO (Colourless Gas)
CO2 (Colourless Gas)
47 terms
Oxidation
NH4+1
H+
Li+
K+
Ammonium
Hydrogen
Lithium
Potassium
NH4+1
Ammonium
H+
Hydrogen
42 terms
oxidation
cupr
ferr
mercur
stann
copper
iron
mercury
tin
cupr
copper
ferr
iron
28 terms
Oxidation
+2 or +3
+1 or +2
+2 or +4
+1
Iron
Copper
Tin
Silver
+2 or +3
Iron
+1 or +2
Copper
9 terms
oxidation
alkene + RCO3H
alkene + 1)RCO3H + 2)H2O (H+ or OH-)
alkene + 1)OsO4 + 2)NaHSO3, H2O... alkene…
alkene + 1)O3 + 2)Zn, H2O, or CH3SCH3
forms epoxide... one step mechanism... syn addition of O... sterospeci…
forms 1,2-diol... ring openeing of epoxide intermediate w/ -OH o…
forms 1,2-diol... each reagent adds 2 new C-O bonds SYN... (syn dih…
forms 2 ketones, 2 aldehydes, or 1 of each... sigma and pi bonds…
alkene + RCO3H
forms epoxide... one step mechanism... syn addition of O... sterospeci…
alkene + 1)RCO3H + 2)H2O (H+ or OH-)
forms 1,2-diol... ring openeing of epoxide intermediate w/ -OH o…
oxidation
group 1 elements
group 2 elements
Flourine
Halogens
always +1
always +2
always -1
-1
group 1 elements
always +1
group 2 elements
always +2
10 terms
Oxidation
Al3+
Cr3+
Fe3+
Pb4+
Aluminum
Chromium
Iron
Lead (IV)
Al3+
Aluminum
Cr3+
Chromium
Oxidation
O.N. of Hydrogen
Increase in Oxidation Number
Substance that is oxidized
Substance that is reduced
+1 with nonmetals ... -1 with Metals
Oxidation
Reducing agent
Oxidizing Agent
O.N. of Hydrogen
+1 with nonmetals ... -1 with Metals
Increase in Oxidation Number
Oxidation
61 terms
Oxidation
Diet, Storage, or new synthesis
Diet > emulsify(bile) > micelles > int…
Contain TG, cholesterol, & lipoproteins
lipid binding proteins; lipid free
Fatty acids
Diet cycle
Chylomicrons
Apolipoproteins
Diet, Storage, or new synthesis
Fatty acids
Diet > emulsify(bile) > micelles > int…
Diet cycle
Oxidation
H -1
F -1
Cl -1
Br -1
Hydride
Fluoride
Chloride
Bromide
H -1
Hydride
F -1
Fluoride
Oxidation
Oxidation
Reduction
Oxygen
Hydrogen
loses electron
gains electron
-2 (-1 with peroxide)
-1 with metal, +1 with nonmetal
Oxidation
loses electron
Reduction
gains electron
58 terms
Oxidation
why study oxidation
oxidation affecting stability
drugs affected by oxidation
oxidation
formulation stability/incompatibility... biotransformations/meta…
reaction begins when drug is synthesized and/or formulated... d…
phenols (morphine)... catecholamines (adrenaline, noradrenaline)…
increase # bonds to O... decrease # bonds to H... loses electrons
why study oxidation
formulation stability/incompatibility... biotransformations/meta…
oxidation affecting stability
reaction begins when drug is synthesized and/or formulated... d…
6 terms
Oxidation
Loss of electrons
Oxidation reaction that results in a r…
Element that will lose or donate elect…
Substance that takes on electrons in a…
oxidations
combustion
reducers
oxidizing agent
Loss of electrons
oxidations
Oxidation reaction that results in a r…
combustion
30 terms
Oxidation
Aluminum
Barium
Calcium
Zinc
Al +3
Ba +2
Ca +2
Zn +2
Aluminum
Al +3
Barium
Ba +2
12 terms
Oxidation
Phosphate
Sulfate
Carbonate
Chromate
Po4 -3
So4 -2
Co3 -2
Cro4 -2
Phosphate
Po4 -3
Sulfate
So4 -2
Oxidation
4 examples of oxidation are ___ ___ __…
In order to burn, a substance must com…
Most substances that burn give or ____…
Oxidation comes from a ______ in a sub…
burning,rusting,decaying of plants and minerals
oxygen
heat and light
chemical substance
4 examples of oxidation are ___ ___ __…
burning,rusting,decaying of plants and minerals
In order to burn, a substance must com…
oxygen
19 terms
Oxidation
metabolic rxns
oxidation
CYP450 oxidation rxns
arene oxide rxns produce NU: handles
oxidation;... reduction;... hydrolysis;... conjugation
addition of O;... removal of H;... removal of e-
aliphatic; ... olephinic;... aromatic
phenols;... trans-dihydriols;... GSH adducts;... macromolecular adducts
metabolic rxns
oxidation;... reduction;... hydrolysis;... conjugation
oxidation
addition of O;... removal of H;... removal of e-
16 terms
Oxidation
How many functional groups are suscept…
Can you name the first 6 functional gr…
Can you name the second 6 functional g…
What hinders oxidation?
12
1. Cis Alkene... 2. Alkyne... 3. Nonbasic hetero ring... 4. Basic hete…
7. Thioether... 8. Sulfoxide... 9. Aliphatic amine... 10. Aromatic ami…
1. Remove oxygen by bubbling nitrogen through solution... 2. Add…
How many functional groups are suscept…
12
Can you name the first 6 functional gr…
1. Cis Alkene... 2. Alkyne... 3. Nonbasic hetero ring... 4. Basic hete…
Oxidation #
Neutral elements
Monoatomic ions
Binary compounds (2 elements)
F
0
=charge of ion
Charge is equal to the most electronegative ion in compound
-1
Neutral elements
0
Monoatomic ions
=charge of ion
17 terms
Oxidation
alcohols are oxidized to form
what happens in oxidation
primary alcohol
secondary alcohol
carbonyls
oxidizing agent removes two hydrogens (one from the a-c) and…
aldehyde
ketone
alcohols are oxidized to form
carbonyls
what happens in oxidation
oxidizing agent removes two hydrogens (one from the a-c) and…
Oxidation #
What group or family has an oxidation…
What group or family has an oxidation…
What charge does an atom get if it gai…
What group or family has an oxidation…
2
17
Negative
18
What group or family has an oxidation…
2
What group or family has an oxidation…
17
17 terms
oxidation
What is oxidation
what is reduction
what is a redox reaction
What is electro chemistry
loss of electrons
gain of electrons
a reaction where both oxidation and reduction occur
the branch of chemistry that deals with the interconversion o…
What is oxidation
loss of electrons
what is reduction
gain of electrons
16 terms
Oxidation
Oxidation
Oxidizing Agents:... Types?
Chromium Reagents
Manganese Reagents
-Increases number of C-X (C-O) bonds... -Decreases number of C-H…
1. Reagents with O-O bond... -O2,O3 (ozone)... -H2O2 (hydrogen pero…
Cr6+ reagents:... -CrO3 / H2SO4... -(Na[or]K)2Cr2O7 / H2SO4... -PCC (n…
Mn7+ reagents:... -KMnO4... -OsO4... -Ag2O
Oxidation
-Increases number of C-X (C-O) bonds... -Decreases number of C-H…
Oxidizing Agents:... Types?
1. Reagents with O-O bond... -O2,O3 (ozone)... -H2O2 (hydrogen pero…
Oxidation
What increases the degree of Oxidation?
What happens when a primary Alcohol is…
What happens when a Secondary Alcohol…
What is the chemical formula for Chrom…
Less CH bonds, more Electronegative bonds..... 1. More CO bonds…
1. One double bonded Oxygen and one Hydrogen... 2. One double bo…
2 r bonds and one double bonded oxygen
Reagent: Na2CrO4, Na2Cr2O7... Solvent: Strong acid ... Reagent: Cr…
What increases the degree of Oxidation?
Less CH bonds, more Electronegative bonds..... 1. More CO bonds…
What happens when a primary Alcohol is…
1. One double bonded Oxygen and one Hydrogen... 2. One double bo…
8 terms
Oxidation
In oxygen
In hydrogen
In electronegative element
In electropositive element
Addition
Removal
Addition in element
Removal in element
In oxygen
Addition
In hydrogen
Removal
oxidation
cesium
cesium
copper I
copper I
Cs
+1
Cu
+1
cesium
Cs
cesium
+1
11 terms
Oxidation
2,3
2,4
1,3
2,4
Fe (
Pb
Au
Sn
2,3
Fe (
2,4
Pb
Oxidation
ammonium
acetate
chlorate
Hydroxide
NH4+1
C2H3O2-1
Clo3-1
OH-1
ammonium
NH4+1
acetate
C2H3O2-1
Oxidation
Hydrogen (H)
Lithium (Li)
Sodium (Na)
Potassium (K)
+1
+1
+1
+1
Hydrogen (H)
+1
Lithium (Li)
+1
6 terms
Oxidation
Step 1 of Oxidation
Step 2 of Oxidation
Step 3 of Oxidation
Step 4 of Oxidation
Fluorine is -1
Alkali metal is +1
Alkaline earth metal is +2
Hydrogen is +1
Step 1 of Oxidation
Fluorine is -1
Step 2 of Oxidation
Alkali metal is +1
Oxidation
Group 1
Group 2
Group 15
Group 16
1+
2+
3-
2-
Group 1
1+
Group 2
2+
60 terms
Oxidation
Hydrogen
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
H+
Li+
Na+
K+
Hydrogen
H+
Lithium
Li+
5 terms
Oxidation
Metals react with oxygen
Non metals react with ocygen
Carbon reacts with oxygen=Carbon Dioxide
Soulful reacts with oxygen= Sulfur Dio…
Example... Magnesium + Oxygen... --> Magnesium Oxide
Produce Non-metal Oxides
Carbon + Oxygen ... -> Carbon Dioxide
Sulfur + Oxygen ->... Sulfur Dioxide
Metals react with oxygen
Example... Magnesium + Oxygen... --> Magnesium Oxide
Non metals react with ocygen
Produce Non-metal Oxides
oxidation #
Group 1
Group 2
Group 13
Group 14
+1
+2
+3
+4
Group 1
+1
Group 2
+2
Oxidation #
Hydrogen
Sodium
Magnesium
Oxygen
-1
+1
+2
-2
Hydrogen
-1
Sodium
+1
57 terms
Oxidation
Hydrogen
Lithium
Potassium
Silver
1+, H
1+, Li
1+, K
1+, Ag
Hydrogen
1+, H
Lithium
1+, Li
Oxidation
H(hydrogen)
Li(Lithium)
Na(Sodium)
K(Potassium)
1
1
1
1
H(hydrogen)
1
Li(Lithium)
1
30 terms
Oxidation
Aluminum
Barium
Calcium
Zinc
Al +3
Ba +2
Ca +2
Zn +2
Aluminum
Al +3
Barium
Ba +2
Oxidation
Atoms gain or lose electrons to secure…
an atom (or group of atoms) that has a…
only energy level one, happy with two…
Which two elements follow the duet rule?
Octet rule
Ion
duet rule
H, HE
Atoms gain or lose electrons to secure…
Octet rule
an atom (or group of atoms) that has a…
Ion
Oxidation
O2
H
H
Charge on ions
-2
+1 non metals
-1 metals
Oxidation
O2
-2
H
+1 non metals
Oxidation
All substances in their elemental state
All monoatomic ions have....
Oxygen has an oxidation number of
Fluorine has oxidation number of
0
oxidation numbers equal to their charge
-2
-1
All substances in their elemental state
0
All monoatomic ions have....
oxidation numbers equal to their charge
oxidation
oxidation
reduction
oxidizing agent
reducing agent
lose e⁻
gain e⁻
substance that was reduced
substance that was oxidized
oxidation
lose e⁻
reduction
gain e⁻
oxidation
Each atom in a pure element has an oxi…
A monoatomic ion has an oxidation numb…
In compounds, halogens (F, Cl, Br, I)…
In compounds, oxygen has an oxidation…
no exceptions
no exceptions
Exception: When Cl, Br, and I are combined with oxygen or flu…
Exception: In compounds containing the peroxide ion (O₂²⁻) or…
Each atom in a pure element has an oxi…
no exceptions
A monoatomic ion has an oxidation numb…
no exceptions
79 terms
Oxidation
What does oxygen in the early atmosphe…
How is oxygen important in the evoluti…
What is PAL?
When do we see the first red beds?
Photosynthesis
Evolutionary treshholds might have dependet on O2
Pressent atmospheric level of O2
2,5 which concides with GOE 1
What does oxygen in the early atmosphe…
Photosynthesis
How is oxygen important in the evoluti…
Evolutionary treshholds might have dependet on O2
Oxidation
Cation
Li
Na
K
metals, positive charge
+1
+1
+1
Cation
metals, positive charge
Li
+1
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