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Study sets matching "oxidation"

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Study sets matching "oxidation"

61 terms
Oxidation
Diet, Storage, or new synthesis
Diet > emulsify(bile) > micelles > int…
Contain TG, cholesterol, & lipoproteins
lipid binding proteins; lipid free
Fatty acids
Diet cycle
Chylomicrons
Apolipoproteins
Diet, Storage, or new synthesis
Fatty acids
Diet > emulsify(bile) > micelles > int…
Diet cycle
30 terms
Oxidation
Group 1
Group 2
F
Cl, I, Br
1
2
-1
-1 except with oxygen
Group 1
1
Group 2
2
21 terms
oxidation :((
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
1
-
1
2
Hydrogen
1
Helium
-
57 terms
Oxidation
Hydrogen
Lithium
Potassium
Silver
1+, H
1+, Li
1+, K
1+, Ag
Hydrogen
1+, H
Lithium
1+, Li
25 terms
Oxidation
H(hydrogen)
Li(Lithium)
Na(Sodium)
K(Potassium)
1
1
1
1
H(hydrogen)
1
Li(Lithium)
1
39 terms
Oxidation
Cu
Ni
Au
NH4
cuprous
Nickel
Gold
ammonium
Cu
cuprous
Ni
Nickel
20 terms
Oxidation
H -1
F -1
Cl -1
Br -1
Hydride
Fluoride
Chloride
Bromide
H -1
Hydride
F -1
Fluoride
12 terms
Oxidation
Elements in group one always
Elements in group two are always
Aluminum always
Flurine always
+1
+2
+3
-1
Elements in group one always
+1
Elements in group two are always
+2
8 terms
Oxidation
Oxidation
Reduction
Product
Reactant
Addition of oxygen
Removal of oxygen
Substance left at the end of reaction
Substances at the start of a reaction
Oxidation
Addition of oxygen
Reduction
Removal of oxygen
70 terms
Oxidation
Aqueous solution
Solute
Solvent
Soluble
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances, usually a soli…
substance (solid) that dissolves in a solvent
substance (water) that does the dissolving (solvation) by sur…
a solute's ability to be dissolved in a solvent
Aqueous solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances, usually a soli…
Solute
substance (solid) that dissolves in a solvent
28 terms
Oxidation
+2 or +3
+1 or +2
+2 or +4
+1
Iron
Copper
Tin
Silver
+2 or +3
Iron
+1 or +2
Copper
45 terms
Oxidation
Atoms gain or lose electrons to secure…
an atom (or group of atoms) that has a…
only energy level one, happy with two…
Which two elements follow the duet rule?
Octet rule
Ion
duet rule
H, HE
Atoms gain or lose electrons to secure…
Octet rule
an atom (or group of atoms) that has a…
Ion
15 terms
Oxidation
C (Black Solid)
CO (Colourless Gas)
SO2 (White Fumes)
H2 (Colourless Gas)
CO2 (Colourless Gas) *Solid
CO2 (Colourless Gas)
SO4-2 (Colourless Aq.) *White S
H+ (Colourless Aq.)
C (Black Solid)
CO2 (Colourless Gas) *Solid
CO (Colourless Gas)
CO2 (Colourless Gas)
35 terms
oxidation
hydrogen
alkali metals
alkaline earth metals
iron
+1, -1
+1
+2
+3,+2
hydrogen
+1, -1
alkali metals
+1
47 terms
Oxidation
NH4+1
H+
Li+
K+
Ammonium
Hydrogen
Lithium
Potassium
NH4+1
Ammonium
H+
Hydrogen
10 terms
Oxidation
Al3+
Cr3+
Fe3+
Pb4+
Aluminum
Chromium
Iron
Lead (IV)
Al3+
Aluminum
Cr3+
Chromium
42 terms
oxidation
cupr
ferr
mercur
stann
copper
iron
mercury
tin
cupr
copper
ferr
iron
30 terms
Oxidation
Aluminum
Barium
Calcium
Zinc
Al +3
Ba +2
Ca +2
Zn +2
Aluminum
Al +3
Barium
Ba +2
12 terms
Oxidation
O.N. of Hydrogen
Increase in Oxidation Number
Substance that is oxidized
Substance that is reduced
+1 with nonmetals ... -1 with Metals
Oxidation
Reducing agent
Oxidizing Agent
O.N. of Hydrogen
+1 with nonmetals ... -1 with Metals
Increase in Oxidation Number
Oxidation
8 terms
Oxidation
Oxidation
Reduction
Oxygen
Hydrogen
loses electron
gains electron
-2 (-1 with peroxide)
-1 with metal, +1 with nonmetal
Oxidation
loses electron
Reduction
gains electron
58 terms
Oxidation
why study oxidation
oxidation affecting stability
drugs affected by oxidation
oxidation
formulation stability/incompatibility... biotransformations/meta…
reaction begins when drug is synthesized and/or formulated... d…
phenols (morphine)... catecholamines (adrenaline, noradrenaline)…
increase # bonds to O... decrease # bonds to H... loses electrons
why study oxidation
formulation stability/incompatibility... biotransformations/meta…
oxidation affecting stability
reaction begins when drug is synthesized and/or formulated... d…
15 terms
oxidation
oxidation
reduction
oxidizing agent
reducing agent
lose e⁻
gain e⁻
substance that was reduced
substance that was oxidized
oxidation
lose e⁻
reduction
gain e⁻
9 terms
Oxidation #
Neutral elements
Monoatomic ions
Binary compounds (2 elements)
F
0
=charge of ion
Charge is equal to the most electronegative ion in compound
-1
Neutral elements
0
Monoatomic ions
=charge of ion
19 terms
Oxidation
metabolic rxns
oxidation
CYP450 oxidation rxns
arene oxide rxns produce NU: handles
oxidation;... reduction;... hydrolysis;... conjugation
addition of O;... removal of H;... removal of e-
aliphatic; ... olephinic;... aromatic
phenols;... trans-dihydriols;... GSH adducts;... macromolecular adducts
metabolic rxns
oxidation;... reduction;... hydrolysis;... conjugation
oxidation
addition of O;... removal of H;... removal of e-
12 terms
Oxidation
Phosphate
Sulfate
Carbonate
Chromate
Po4 -3
So4 -2
Co3 -2
Cro4 -2
Phosphate
Po4 -3
Sulfate
So4 -2
16 terms
Oxidation
How many functional groups are suscept…
Can you name the first 6 functional gr…
Can you name the second 6 functional g…
What hinders oxidation?
12
1. Cis Alkene... 2. Alkyne... 3. Nonbasic hetero ring... 4. Basic hete…
7. Thioether... 8. Sulfoxide... 9. Aliphatic amine... 10. Aromatic ami…
1. Remove oxygen by bubbling nitrogen through solution... 2. Add…
How many functional groups are suscept…
12
Can you name the first 6 functional gr…
1. Cis Alkene... 2. Alkyne... 3. Nonbasic hetero ring... 4. Basic hete…
17 terms
Oxidation
alcohols are oxidized to form
what happens in oxidation
primary alcohol
secondary alcohol
carbonyls
oxidizing agent removes two hydrogens (one from the a-c) and…
aldehyde
ketone
alcohols are oxidized to form
carbonyls
what happens in oxidation
oxidizing agent removes two hydrogens (one from the a-c) and…
79 terms
Oxidation
What does oxygen in the early atmosphe…
How is oxygen important in the evoluti…
What is PAL?
When do we see the first red beds?
Photosynthesis
Evolutionary treshholds might have dependet on O2
Pressent atmospheric level of O2
2,5 which concides with GOE 1
What does oxygen in the early atmosphe…
Photosynthesis
How is oxygen important in the evoluti…
Evolutionary treshholds might have dependet on O2
9 terms
Oxidation #
What group or family has an oxidation…
What group or family has an oxidation…
What charge does an atom get if it gai…
What group or family has an oxidation…
2
17
Negative
18
What group or family has an oxidation…
2
What group or family has an oxidation…
17
17 terms
oxidation
What is oxidation
what is reduction
what is a redox reaction
What is electro chemistry
loss of electrons
gain of electrons
a reaction where both oxidation and reduction occur
the branch of chemistry that deals with the interconversion o…
What is oxidation
loss of electrons
what is reduction
gain of electrons
16 terms
Oxidation
Oxidation
Oxidizing Agents:... Types?
Chromium Reagents
Manganese Reagents
-Increases number of C-X (C-O) bonds... -Decreases number of C-H…
1. Reagents with O-O bond... -O2,O3 (ozone)... -H2O2 (hydrogen pero…
Cr6+ reagents:... -CrO3 / H2SO4... -(Na[or]K)2Cr2O7 / H2SO4... -PCC (n…
Mn7+ reagents:... -KMnO4... -OsO4... -Ag2O
Oxidation
-Increases number of C-X (C-O) bonds... -Decreases number of C-H…
Oxidizing Agents:... Types?
1. Reagents with O-O bond... -O2,O3 (ozone)... -H2O2 (hydrogen pero…
7 terms
Oxidation
What increases the degree of Oxidation?
What happens when a primary Alcohol is…
What happens when a Secondary Alcohol…
What is the chemical formula for Chrom…
Less CH bonds, more Electronegative bonds..... 1. More CO bonds…
1. One double bonded Oxygen and one Hydrogen... 2. One double bo…
2 r bonds and one double bonded oxygen
Reagent: Na2CrO4, Na2Cr2O7... Solvent: Strong acid ... Reagent: Cr…
What increases the degree of Oxidation?
Less CH bonds, more Electronegative bonds..... 1. More CO bonds…
What happens when a primary Alcohol is…
1. One double bonded Oxygen and one Hydrogen... 2. One double bo…
6 terms
Oxides
Rutile
Corundum
Hematite
Magnetite
TiO₂
Al₂O₃
Fe₂O₃
Fe₃O₄
Rutile
TiO₂
Corundum
Al₂O₃
6 terms
Oxides
Rutile
Corundum
Hematite
Magnetite
TiO₂... -Adamantine to submetallic, Reddish color... Greyish black…
Al₂O₃... -Hexagonal crystals, Color varies, Ruby, Sapphire, very…
Fe₂O₃... -Reddish brown streak, May look reddish(oxidized), blac…
Fe₃O₄... -Magnetic, Black or metallic, iron look
Rutile
TiO₂... -Adamantine to submetallic, Reddish color... Greyish black…
Corundum
Al₂O₃... -Hexagonal crystals, Color varies, Ruby, Sapphire, very…
21 terms
Oxides
AO Group
ice
periclase
periclase (MgO) with H2O present in th…
examples: ZnO - zincite - minor ore of zinc... MgO - periclase -…
H2O... -crystal system: Hexagonal
MgO... Magnesium Oxide... -Crystal System: is Isometric... -Face cent…
may further alter to form ... brucite: Mg(OH)2
AO Group
examples: ZnO - zincite - minor ore of zinc... MgO - periclase -…
ice
H2O... -crystal system: Hexagonal
20 terms
Oxides
Sulfur
Diamond
Graphite
Gold
S
C
C
Au
Sulfur
S
Diamond
C
16 terms
Oxides
Cuprite
Zincite
Hematite Group(X2O3): Corundum
Hematite
Cu2O... Metallic-adamantine, red, ruby-red in transparent crysta…
ZnO ... Distinguished by: red color, orange-yellow streak, assoc…
Al2O3 (hexagonal)... Distinguished by: great hardness, high lust…
Fe2O3 (Hexagonal)... Distinguished by: red streak (black on heat…
Cuprite
Cu2O... Metallic-adamantine, red, ruby-red in transparent crysta…
Zincite
ZnO ... Distinguished by: red color, orange-yellow streak, assoc…
12 terms
Oxide
natriumoxide
magnesiumoxide
koperoxide
aluminiumoxide
Na₂O
MgO
CuO
Al₂O₃
natriumoxide
Na₂O
magnesiumoxide
MgO
9 terms
Oxidations
Oxide
Nitride
Phosphide
Beryllium
-2
-3
-3
+2
Oxide
-2
Nitride
-3
23 terms
Oxides
What three categories can elemental ox…
What do acids release in solution?
What do bases release in solution?
Metallic oxides are?
Basic, acidic or amphoteric
H+ ( proton) or hydronium (H3O+)
(OH-) hydroxide in solution
Basic, reacts with water to form metal hydroxides
What three categories can elemental ox…
Basic, acidic or amphoteric
What do acids release in solution?
H+ ( proton) or hydronium (H3O+)
9 terms
Oxides
Periclase
Wüstite
Spinel
Magnetite
MgO
FeO
MgAl2O4
Fe3O4
Periclase
MgO
Wüstite
FeO
7 terms
Oxides
Periclase
Corundum
Hematite
Magnetite
MgO
Al2O3
Fe2O3
Fe3O4
Periclase
MgO
Corundum
Al2O3
7 terms
Oxidations
Halide ions (X-)
Halogen element in concentrated basic…
Halogen element in dilute basic. (Cl2)
-ite's (Sulfite SO3 -2)
Halogens (X2)
Halite ion (Cl -2)
Hypohalite ion, halide ion (ClO-)
-ate's (Sulfate SO4 -2)
Halide ions (X-)
Halogens (X2)
Halogen element in concentrated basic…
Halite ion (Cl -2)
83 terms
Oxidations
Positive Ions
(+1)Li
Na
K
Cations
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
Positive Ions
Cations
(+1)Li
Lithium
11 terms
Oxides
Copper oxide (CuO)
Calcium oxide (CaO)
Iron (III) oxide (Fe₂O₃)
Carbon dioxide (CO₂)
Basic oxide
Basic oxide
Basic oxide
Acidic oxide
Copper oxide (CuO)
Basic oxide
Calcium oxide (CaO)
Basic oxide
21 terms
Oxides
family of minerals with structures con…
FeTiO3; major ore of titanium, source…
Fe2O3; most important ore of iron beca…
Fe3O4; highly magnetic nature
oxide
ilmenite
hematite
magnetite
family of minerals with structures con…
oxide
FeTiO3; major ore of titanium, source…
ilmenite
10 terms
Oxides
magnesiumoxide
koperoxide
natriumoxide
aluminiumoxide
MgO
CuO
Na2O
Al2O3
magnesiumoxide
MgO
koperoxide
CuO
12 terms
Oxides
rutile
ilmenite
hematite
magnetite
TiO₂
FeTiO₃
Fe₂O₃
Fe₃O₄
rutile
TiO₂
ilmenite
FeTiO₃
13 terms
Oxidants
O₂ (g) Oxygen... Colourless gas
I₂ (aq) Iodine solution... Yellow/brown i…
OCl⁻ (aq) Hypochlorite ion... Colourless…
Cl₂ (aq) colourlesss in solution
O²⁻ (s) Oxide ion... Colourless (Not found in solution)
I⁻ (aq) Iodide ion... Colourless in solution
Cl⁻ (aq) Chloride ion... Colourless in solution
Cl⁻ (aq) Chloride ion... Colourless in solution
O₂ (g) Oxygen... Colourless gas
O²⁻ (s) Oxide ion... Colourless (Not found in solution)
I₂ (aq) Iodine solution... Yellow/brown i…
I⁻ (aq) Iodide ion... Colourless in solution
11 terms
Oxidizers
MnO4-
MnO2
MnO4-
Cr2O7-2
Mn+2
Mn+2
MnO2
Cr+3
MnO4-
Mn+2
MnO2
Mn+2
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