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Study sets matching "oxygen"

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Study sets matching "oxygen"

11 terms
Oxygen
Phenol structure
Intermolecular Hydrogen Bonding result…
Hydrogen bonding causes increased ____…
Hydrogen bonding occurs when hydrogen…
Higher
Melting points; Boiling Points; Solubility
Highly electronegative atoms such as Oxygen, Nitrogen or Fluo…
Phenol structure
Intermolecular Hydrogen Bonding result…
Higher
28 terms
oxygen
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Adenosine triphosphate
Adenosine Diphosphate
an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
an organism deriving its nutritional requirements from comple…
a compound consisting of an adenosine molecule bonded to thre…
a compound consisting of an adenosine molecule bonded to thre…
Autotroph
an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
Heterotroph
an organism deriving its nutritional requirements from comple…
54 terms
Oxygen
Cardiac Output
Afterload
Preload
Angina Pectoris
Amount of blood ejected from left ventricle each minute
The resistance to left ventricle ejection
End diastolic volume
is a transient imbalance between myocardial oxygen supply and…
Cardiac Output
Amount of blood ejected from left ventricle each minute
Afterload
The resistance to left ventricle ejection
6 terms
Oxygen
Class
Pharmacology and Actions
Indications
Contraindications
Gas
Enters the body via the respiratory system. Transported by he…
Management of any situation where hypoxia may be suspected.
None in the emergency setting
Class
Gas
Pharmacology and Actions
Enters the body via the respiratory system. Transported by he…
18 terms
Oxygen
Classification
Action
Indications:
Hypoxia
Gas
increases oxygen saturation, utilized in aerobic metabolism
Respiratory distress, Respiratory failure, Respiratory arrest…
Tissue
Classification
Gas
Action
increases oxygen saturation, utilized in aerobic metabolism
17 terms
Oxygen
Electronic Confirguation
General Chemistry of O
Allotropes of Oxygen
Structure of O₃
1s² 2s² 2p⁴... P-block element since last electron enters a P-or…
To become stable, O must receive 2 electrons by forming O²⁻,…
O₂ - Dioxygen ... O₃ - Trioxygen
O=O→O ↔ O←O=O... Hence a hybrid forms
Electronic Confirguation
1s² 2s² 2p⁴... P-block element since last electron enters a P-or…
General Chemistry of O
To become stable, O must receive 2 electrons by forming O²⁻,…
98 terms
Oxygen
Scientific Knowledge Base
Respiratory System
Lower Respiratory
Respiratory Physiology
-Oxygen is needed to sustain life.... -The cardiac and respirato…
Transports oxygen to and from the lungs.... What structures in…
Larynx, Trachea, Left and Right primary Bronchi, Bronchioles,…
-Oxygen from atmopshere to the alveoli, where oxygene is exch…
Scientific Knowledge Base
-Oxygen is needed to sustain life.... -The cardiac and respirato…
Respiratory System
Transports oxygen to and from the lungs.... What structures in…
86 terms
Oxygen
When is oxygen inert vs a highly react…
What is the energy required to start a…
Where is oxygen located in the body?
What are some examples of reactive oxy…
high temp- highly reactive... low temp- inert
a high activation energy
90% in mitochondria oxidative phosphorylation... 9% enzymes doin…
superoxide and hydrogen peroxide
When is oxygen inert vs a highly react…
high temp- highly reactive... low temp- inert
What is the energy required to start a…
a high activation energy
23 terms
oxygen
oxygenation
alveoli
surfactant
hypoxia induces
the process of providing life sustaining oxygen to the body
where gas exchange occurs
lubricant
anaerobic metabolism which causes the body to become acidoditc
oxygenation
the process of providing life sustaining oxygen to the body
alveoli
where gas exchange occurs
15 terms
Oxygen
adventicious
adventicious breath sounds
Room air
nasal cannula, simple mask
abnormal
crackles, wheezes, ronchi
21%
low flow system
adventicious
abnormal
adventicious breath sounds
crackles, wheezes, ronchi
86 terms
Oxygen
When is oxygen inert vs a highly react…
What is the energy required to start a…
Where is oxygen located in the body?
What are some examples of reactive oxy…
high temp- highly reactive... low temp- inert
a high activation energy
90% in mitochondria oxidative phosphorylation... 9% enzymes doin…
superoxide and hydrogen peroxide
When is oxygen inert vs a highly react…
high temp- highly reactive... low temp- inert
What is the energy required to start a…
a high activation energy
14 terms
oxygen
Explain the medical use of Oxygen ... in…
Acceptable uses of Oxygen
4-2 Calculate the Alveolar-Air Equation
Calculate the Alveolar-Air Equation
O2 is a basic element used in energy metabolism
To provide enough O2 in blood to be carried to tissues for me…
Find the PAO2 in the Alveoli given a specific FIO2 and PaCO2 .
Dalton's Law states that we must subtract PH2O from PB to fin…
Explain the medical use of Oxygen ... in…
O2 is a basic element used in energy metabolism
Acceptable uses of Oxygen
To provide enough O2 in blood to be carried to tissues for me…
8 terms
Oxygen
Oxygen Classification
Oxygen Therapeutic Effects
Oxygen Indications
Oxygen Protocols
Gas
Oxidizes glucose to provide a useful form of energy to the mi…
~When hypoxia is suspected... ~When oxygen demands are increased
BLS: 201, 202
Oxygen Classification
Gas
Oxygen Therapeutic Effects
Oxidizes glucose to provide a useful form of energy to the mi…
10 terms
Oxygen
Formula for oxygen
Formula for carbon dioxide
Major gas in air
Percentage of oxygen in the air
02
C02
Nitrogen
20.95 %
Formula for oxygen
02
Formula for carbon dioxide
C02
15 terms
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
9 terms
Oxygen
Indications
Contraindications
Mechanism of Action
Trade
to increase oxygen concentrations in the blood for distributi…
If fire near by, COPD patients
by increasing concentration of oxygen inhaled, you increase o…
Oxygen
Indications
to increase oxygen concentrations in the blood for distributi…
Contraindications
If fire near by, COPD patients
8 terms
Oxygen
Atomic mass
Group number
family name
Date of discovery
15.9994 amu
16
Chalogens
1774
Atomic mass
15.9994 amu
Group number
16
9 terms
Oxygen
Name
Class
Description
MoA
Oxygen
Element/Gas
Elemental gas essential for life
Reverses Hypoxia, Increases hemoglobin saturation
Name
Oxygen
Class
Element/Gas
27 terms
Oxygen
chronic hypoxia
nursing interventions promoting adequa…
hypoxia
clinical manifestations of hyoxia
long term, often seen with Pts with underlying respiratory di…
teaching about a pollution-free environment... promoting proper…
can be related to any of the parts of respiration... ventilatio…
changes in mental status: restlessness, confusion, irritabili…
chronic hypoxia
long term, often seen with Pts with underlying respiratory di…
nursing interventions promoting adequa…
teaching about a pollution-free environment... promoting proper…
13 terms
oxygen
excitability
conductivity
automaticity
rhythmicity
ability of a cardiac cell to depolarize in response to a give…
ability of cardiac cells to transmit a stimulus from cell to…
ability of cardiac cells to spontaneously depolarize (have pa…
automaticity that is generated at regular intervals
excitability
ability of a cardiac cell to depolarize in response to a give…
conductivity
ability of cardiac cells to transmit a stimulus from cell to…
6 terms
oxygen
oxygen-name
oxygen-indications
oxygen-contridiction
oxygen-action
oxygen
1. have trouble breathing... 2. hypoxia
1. hyperoxia ... 3. not breathing
getting 100% oxygen to the lungs
oxygen-name
oxygen
oxygen-indications
1. have trouble breathing... 2. hypoxia
9 terms
Oxygen
Oxygen
Action:
Indications
Contraindications
No trade name
Reverse hypoxia... Provide oxygen to the lungs
Hypoxia ... Signs of hypoxia
Rarely used with COPD pat... Do not use near flame
Oxygen
No trade name
Action:
Reverse hypoxia... Provide oxygen to the lungs
11 terms
Oxygen
Oxygen
Phosphorus
Potassium
Rubidim
O
P
K
Rb
Oxygen
O
Phosphorus
P
7 terms
Oxygen
Nasal cannula
Simple face mask
Non- rebreather
Rebreather
1 to 6 L/min... 22 to 44% O2... 2 to 3 is usual... COPD no more than 3
40 to 60% O2... 6 to 10 L/min... Not for COPD
80 to 90% O2... 10 to 15 L/min... 15 flush**
Up to 70% O2
Nasal cannula
1 to 6 L/min... 22 to 44% O2... 2 to 3 is usual... COPD no more than 3
Simple face mask
40 to 60% O2... 6 to 10 L/min... Not for COPD
8 terms
Oxygen
Class
Mechanism
Indication
Contraindication
Naturally occurring gas
Reverses hypoxemia
Hypoxemia,
Certain COPD patients, hyperventilation
Class
Naturally occurring gas
Mechanism
Reverses hypoxemia
9 terms
Oxygen
Trade Name
Generic Name
Class of Drug
Indications
Oxygen
Oxygen
Gas [oxidizing agent]
Patients that are hypoxic or at a risk of becoming hypoxic. P…
Trade Name
Oxygen
Generic Name
Oxygen
20 terms
Oxygen
Form:
Indication:
Contraindication:
Action:
gas
suspect of shock
none
increase oxygen at cellular level
Form:
gas
Indication:
suspect of shock
163 terms
Oxygen
upper respiratory tract
lower respiratory tract
tidal volume
inspiratory reserve volume
-sinuses ... -nasal pharynx... -nasal cavity ... -epiglottis ... -pharynx
-larynx... -trachea... -lungs w/ bronchi and alveoli ... -pleural (out…
normal volume of air moving in and out of the lungs in quite…
all the additional air you can inhale after normal inspiration
upper respiratory tract
-sinuses ... -nasal pharynx... -nasal cavity ... -epiglottis ... -pharynx
lower respiratory tract
-larynx... -trachea... -lungs w/ bronchi and alveoli ... -pleural (out…
30 terms
Oxygen
Nasal Cannula
Simple face mask
Venturi mask
T piece
1-6 per mL
6-10 per mL
Perfect for COPD
Used to wean off the vent
Nasal Cannula
1-6 per mL
Simple face mask
6-10 per mL
Oxygen
Room Air
Nasal cannula
Simple Mask
Venturi Mask (COPD)
21% amount of O2
24-44%... 1-6 Lt/min
40-60%... 5-8Lt/min
24-60%... 4-12 Lt/min
Room Air
21% amount of O2
Nasal cannula
24-44%... 1-6 Lt/min
12 terms
Oxygen
Oxygen... Class
Oxygen... Mechanism of Action:
Oxygen ... Indications
Oxygen... Contraindications:
Gas
Increases percentage of oxygen in inspired air.
Indications: ... 1. Increased oxygen demand... 2. Hypoxemia or hy…
None... OR COPD?... OR STROKE?
Oxygen... Class
Gas
Oxygen... Mechanism of Action:
Increases percentage of oxygen in inspired air.
50 terms
Oxygen
Hypercapnia
Ateleotasis
Conditions affecting chest wall movement
Wheezing
greater than normal amounts of CO2 in the blood
collapse of alveoli, preventing normal respiratory exchange o…
muscoskeletal abnormalities, nervous system diseases and trauma
high pitched musical sound through a narrowed airway
Hypercapnia
greater than normal amounts of CO2 in the blood
Ateleotasis
collapse of alveoli, preventing normal respiratory exchange o…
9 terms
Oxygen
Class... Oxygen
Mechanism... Oxygen
Onset... Oxygen
Indications... Oxygen
gas
-gas transported by hemoglobin in cells... -required for the br…
immediate
SpO2 <94%... hypoxia
Class... Oxygen
gas
Mechanism... Oxygen
-gas transported by hemoglobin in cells... -required for the br…
11 terms
Oxygen
State at room temperature
Colour
Odour
Density as gas
A gas
Colourless
Odourless
1.43g/l
State at room temperature
A gas
Colour
Colourless
17 terms
OXYGEN
Blinker
Breathe
Breath
Deflate
Блинкер
Дышать
Дыхание
Выпускать (воздух)
Blinker
Блинкер
Breathe
Дышать
10 terms
Oxygen
Oxygen - Generic / Trade Name
Oxygen - Classification
Oxygen - Mechanism of Action
Oxygen - Pharmacokinetics
Oxygen
Gas
Enters body via respiratory system, transported to cells by h…
Onset: Immediate ... Peak: Immediate ... Duration: <2 minutes inhal…
Oxygen - Generic / Trade Name
Oxygen
Oxygen - Classification
Gas
14 terms
Oxygen
Kussmaul breathing
Cheyne-Stokes
Hyperinflation
Hyperventilation
Type of hyperventilation that accompanies metabolic acidosis
Result of congestive heart failure, increased intracranial pr…
Giving breaths that are greater than tidal volume set on vent…
Increasing number of breathes client is receiving
Kussmaul breathing
Type of hyperventilation that accompanies metabolic acidosis
Cheyne-Stokes
Result of congestive heart failure, increased intracranial pr…
12 terms
Oxygen
35000
30000
28000
25000
30sec1-1min
1-2min
2-3min
3-5min
35000
30sec1-1min
30000
1-2min
12 terms
Oxygen
78
21
argon, water vapor, carbon dioxide
CO2... evaporation
what percent of air is nitregeon
what percent of air is oxygen
name 3 other components of air
The table gives the % by volume of five gases/ vapours found…
78
what percent of air is nitregeon
21
what percent of air is oxygen
56 terms
Oxygen
Phases of respiration
Pulmonary ventilation
Inspiration
Requirements of pulmonary ventilation
Pulmonary ventilation... Alveolar/capillary gas exchange... Trans…
Movement of air between the atmosphere and alveoli of lungs…
Active process
-Unobstructed airway... -Intact CNS... -Intact brain stem... -Ability…
Phases of respiration
Pulmonary ventilation... Alveolar/capillary gas exchange... Trans…
Pulmonary ventilation
Movement of air between the atmosphere and alveoli of lungs…
8 terms
Oxygen
Nasal cannula
Nasal cannula
Simple face mask
Simple face mask
1-2L... 3-4L... 5-6L
24-28... 32-36... 40-44
5-6L... 6-7L... 7-8L
40... 50... 60
Nasal cannula
1-2L... 3-4L... 5-6L
Nasal cannula
24-28... 32-36... 40-44
11 terms
oxygen
abdominal cavity
alveoli
bronchi
diaphragm
Contains stomach, intestines, spleen, and liver, and other or…
changes oxygen in the lungs
1 is bronchus.two short branches located at the lower end of…
(anatomy) a muscular partition separating the abdominal and t…
abdominal cavity
Contains stomach, intestines, spleen, and liver, and other or…
alveoli
changes oxygen in the lungs
27 terms
Oxygen
breathing
external respiration
internal respiration
cellular respiration
moving air into and out of lungs (ventilation
exchanging gases between the air in the lungs and the blood
changeing gases between the blood and the body cells
using O2 in the cell process and the production of CO2
breathing
moving air into and out of lungs (ventilation
external respiration
exchanging gases between the air in the lungs and the blood
Oxygen
Oxygen: Class
Oxygen: Actions
Oxygen: Indications
Oxygen: Contraindications
Gas
Facilitates cellular metabolism
1) Hypoxia... 2) Is beneficial for almost all patients requiring…
None
Oxygen: Class
Gas
Oxygen: Actions
Facilitates cellular metabolism
12 terms
Oxygen
Hydr/o
Glyc/o
Glycos/o
Lact/o
Water
Sugar
Sugar
Milk
Hydr/o
Water
Glyc/o
Sugar
12 terms
Oxygen
oxygen therapy
Chest physiotherapy
An artificial airway
Postural drainage
The goal of oxygen therapy is to prevent or relieve hypoxia b…
Chest physiotherapy (CPT) is a group of therapies for mobiliz…
An artificial airway is for a patient with a decreased level…
Postural drainage is a component of pulmonary hygiene; it con…
oxygen therapy
The goal of oxygen therapy is to prevent or relieve hypoxia b…
Chest physiotherapy
Chest physiotherapy (CPT) is a group of therapies for mobiliz…
26 terms
Oxygen
Ventilation
Inspiration/expiration
Perfusion
Diffusion
The process of moving gases into and out of the lungs
An active process stimulated by chemical receptors in the aor…
The ability of the cardiovascular system to pump oxygenated b…
Exchange of respiratory gases in the alveoli and capillaries
Ventilation
The process of moving gases into and out of the lungs
Inspiration/expiration
An active process stimulated by chemical receptors in the aor…
11 terms
Oxygen
Trade Name
Generic Name
Classification
Actions
None
Oxygen
Medical Gas
Oxygen is necessary for all normal cellular functions. It mak…
Trade Name
None
Generic Name
Oxygen
10 terms
Oxygen
Class
Actions
Indications
Contraindications
Gas
Enters through respiratory system... Txp by hemoglobin/RBC's... Mai…
Setting where management of hypoxia needed
None in the emergency setting
Class
Gas
Actions
Enters through respiratory system... Txp by hemoglobin/RBC's... Mai…
11 terms
Oxygen
Class
Mechanism of action
Indications
Contraindications
Naturally occurring atmospheric gas
Reverses hypoxemia
Confirmed or expected hypoxemia, ischemic chest pain, respira…
Certain patients with COPD or emphysema who will not tolerate…
Class
Naturally occurring atmospheric gas
Mechanism of action
Reverses hypoxemia
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