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Study sets matching "parasitology parasite"

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Study sets matching "parasitology parasite"

20 terms
Parasites and Parasitology
What is the difference b/w commensalis…
What is the difference b/w a parasitic…
What are 4 ways that parasites harm th…
What organism is a carcinogen found in…
Commensalism-one benefits, one isn't hurt... Mutualism-both bene…
Infection is invasion by endoparasites... Infestation is externa…
1. Mechanical damage... 2. Depriving nourishment from host... 3. To…
Opishthorcis viverrini
What is the difference b/w commensalis…
Commensalism-one benefits, one isn't hurt... Mutualism-both bene…
What is the difference b/w a parasitic…
Infection is invasion by endoparasites... Infestation is externa…
115 terms
Parasitology-Parasite Overview
roundworm scientific name
where are roundworms located
how can roundworms be transmitted-4
infective stage of roundworms
toxocara canis
in the small intestine (mostly duodenum)
orally, transplacental, transmammory, or secondary transport…
L3
roundworm scientific name
toxocara canis
where are roundworms located
in the small intestine (mostly duodenum)
18 terms
Parasitology Lecture: Parasite Information
Esophageal worm
Stomach roundworm of K-9 and feline
Canine roundworm
Feline roundworm
Host- Dog... Habitat- Esophagus of definitive host and produce l…
Host- Cat and dog... Habitat- Stomach, attached to gastric mucos…
Host- Dog... Habitat- ... Intermediate host- Mouse, small mammal, b…
Host- Cats... Habitat- ... Intermediate host- Rodents, earthworms,…
Esophageal worm
Host- Dog... Habitat- Esophagus of definitive host and produce l…
Stomach roundworm of K-9 and feline
Host- Cat and dog... Habitat- Stomach, attached to gastric mucos…
16 terms
Parasitology: Parasite Chemotherapy
In protozoans, what blocks gluconate b…
In protozoans, what inhibits protein s…
In protozoans, what inhibits hemoglobi…
This inhibits enzyme activity in proto…
Antimony sodium gluconate
Azithromycin and oxytetracycline
Chloroquine and diloxanide furoate
Fumagillin
In protozoans, what blocks gluconate b…
Antimony sodium gluconate
In protozoans, what inhibits protein s…
Azithromycin and oxytetracycline
11 terms
Parasitology - External Parasites
Lice Nit
Trichodectes canis - Biting Lice
Felicola subrostratus - Biting Lice
Linognathus setosus - Sucking Lice
External Parasite
External Parasite - Canine
External Parasite - Feline
External Parasite - Canine
Lice Nit
External Parasite
Trichodectes canis - Biting Lice
External Parasite - Canine
17 terms
Parasitology - Equine Parasites
Parascaris equorum - Roundworm
Parascaris equorum - Roundworm
Oxyuris equi - Pinworm
Oxyuris equi - Pinworm
Equine Parasite
Equine Parasite
Equine Parasite
Equine Parasite
Parascaris equorum - Roundworm
Equine Parasite
Parascaris equorum - Roundworm
Equine Parasite
81 terms
Parasitology IDable parasites
Fasciola hepatica
Dipylidium caninum
Taenia spp
Anoplocephala spp
Fasciola hepatica
Dipylidium caninum
10 terms
Parasitology - Porcine Parasites
Ascaris suum - Roundworm
Ascaris suum - Roundworm
Trichuris suis - Whipworm
Oesophagostomum dentatum - Nodular Worm
Porcine Parasite
Porcine Parasite
Porcine Parasite
Porcine Parasite
Ascaris suum - Roundworm
Porcine Parasite
Ascaris suum - Roundworm
Porcine Parasite
15 terms
Parasitology - Ruminant Parasites
G.I.N. Egg
Nematodirus spp. - Threadneck Worm
Strongyloides spp. - Intestinal Thread…
Moniezia spp. - Tapeworm
Ruminant Parasite
Ruminant Parasite
Ruminant Parasite
Ruminant Parasite
G.I.N. Egg
Ruminant Parasite
Nematodirus spp. - Threadneck Worm
Ruminant Parasite
Parasitology Midterm External Parasites
Soft Tick
Hard Tick (Ixodes)
Dermacentor spp.
Sarcoptidae (burrowing mites)
Soft Tick
Hard Tick (Ixodes)
6 terms
Parasitology - Sheep Parasite Gastroenteritis
Pathogens involved
Life cycle
Epidemiology
Teladorsagia circumcincta
Several important nematode species:... - Abomasum... ---> Telador…
Direct:... - L3s ingested with grass... - Larvae develop in (Tela…
Dependent on:... - Hypobiosis... ---> temporary cessation in deve…
Morphology... - adults are slender, reddish brown worms... - Male…
Pathogens involved
Several important nematode species:... - Abomasum... ---> Telador…
Life cycle
Direct:... - L3s ingested with grass... - Larvae develop in (Tela…
27 terms
Parasitology external parasites
Preserving techniques
Ctenocephalides felis
Ctenocephalides canis
Echidnophaga gallinacea "stick tight f…
-10% buffered formalin ... -70% isopropol alcohol or ethanol(bet…
-Genal comb facing caudally ... -hill like head ... -first and seco…
-Cliff like head ... -genal comb facing down
Mostly avian ... square head... mostly head and abdomen ... found in e…
Preserving techniques
-10% buffered formalin ... -70% isopropol alcohol or ethanol(bet…
Ctenocephalides felis
-Genal comb facing caudally ... -hill like head ... -first and seco…
30 terms
Parasitology: Host and Parasite terms
symbiosis
phoresy
mutualism
synnercrosis
formal def'n proposed by DeBarry: a close relationship betwee…
example of symbiosis in which one partner is transported by t…
both symbiotes benefit... e.g. rhinoceros and tick bird, termite…
mutually destructive relationship, theoretical. does exist in…
symbiosis
formal def'n proposed by DeBarry: a close relationship betwee…
phoresy
example of symbiosis in which one partner is transported by t…
12 terms
Parasitology: Host Parasite Interactions
Hymenoepimecis argyraphaga
Dicrocoelium dendriticum
Myrmeconema neotropicum (Nematode)
Paragordius tricuspidatus
Costa Rican parasitic wasp ... Spider (nephila spp.) is the host…
The Lancet liver fluke ... Life cycle... cowfecessnailslime ballant…
It makes the ant look like a berry. ... South American ants (Cep…
Horsehair worms (Nematomorpha) ... Typical host Nemobius sylvest…
Hymenoepimecis argyraphaga
Costa Rican parasitic wasp ... Spider (nephila spp.) is the host…
Dicrocoelium dendriticum
The Lancet liver fluke ... Life cycle... cowfecessnailslime ballant…
63 terms
Parasites for Parasitology Test 1
Physaloptera species
Toxocara canis, Toxocara cati, and Tox…
Toxocara canis
Toxocara cati
Host: Canines and Felines... Location of adults: Lumen of the st…
Host: Canine and Feline... Location of adults: Small intestine... T…
Zoonotic; causes Visceral Larval Migrans
Canine/Feline Roundworm that cannot cross the placental barri…
Physaloptera species
Host: Canines and Felines... Location of adults: Lumen of the st…
Toxocara canis, Toxocara cati, and Tox…
Host: Canine and Feline... Location of adults: Small intestine... T…
141 terms
Parasitology: Parasite and Host Matching
Argus persicus
Otobius megnini
Ixodes scapularis
Ixodes pacificus
Wild and domestic birds... Occasionally humans
Cattle, horses, SACs, dogs, cats, various wildlife, humans
3-host tick
3-host tick
Argus persicus
Wild and domestic birds... Occasionally humans
Otobius megnini
Cattle, horses, SACs, dogs, cats, various wildlife, humans
24 terms
Parasitology Final Parasite + Vector
Lyme Disease
Babesiosis
Human Anaplasmosis
Spotted fever rickettsiae
Ixodes spp.
Ixodes spp.
Ixodes spp.
Ixodes spp.
Lyme Disease
Ixodes spp.
Babesiosis
Ixodes spp.
19 terms
Parasitology Final Vector + Parasite
Ixodes spp.
Ixodes spp.
Ixodes spp.
Amblyomma americanum
Borrelia burgdorferi
Babesia spp.
Anaplasma spp.
Ehrlichia chaffeensis
Ixodes spp.
Borrelia burgdorferi
Ixodes spp.
Babesia spp.
15 terms
Parasitology Lab-Location of Parasite
Hookworm
Whipworm
Wildlife Tapeworm
Equine Tapeworm
small intestine
cecum;colon
small intestine
sm/lg intestine; cecum
Hookworm
small intestine
Whipworm
cecum;colon
23 terms
Parasitology IDable parasites
Fasciola hepatica
Dipylidium caninum
Taenia spp.
Anoplocephala spp.
Leaf-shaped
Egg basket
Radial striations
D-shaped
Fasciola hepatica
Leaf-shaped
Dipylidium caninum
Egg basket
26 terms
Parasitology External Parasites
Ctenocephalides felis... (cat flea... genal…
Ctenocephalides canis... (dog flea... genal…
Echidnophaga gallinacea... (stick tight f…
Anoplura... (Blood sucking lice)
Cat
Dog
Avian
Ctenocephalides felis... (cat flea... genal…
Cat
Ctenocephalides canis... (dog flea... genal…
Dog
42 terms
Parasitology External Parasites
Ctenocephalides felis... (cat flea... genal…
Ctenocephalides canis... (dog flea... genal…
Echidnophaga gallinacea... (stick tight f…
Anoplura... (Blood sucking lice)
Cat
Dog
Avian
Ctenocephalides felis... (cat flea... genal…
Cat
Ctenocephalides canis... (dog flea... genal…
Dog
48 terms
Parasitology-External Parasites
What are four methods of acquiring ext…
Skin scraping
cellophane tape method (Scotch tape)
coffee filter
-skin scraping... -cellophane tape method... -coffee filter... -flea c…
for burring mites... -need road rash... -need to get deep into epid…
for surface parasites (lice)... -will pick up skin debris, ova a…
coffee filter/ a vacuum... -fleas, ova, flea feces, dead parasit…
What are four methods of acquiring ext…
-skin scraping... -cellophane tape method... -coffee filter... -flea c…
Skin scraping
for burring mites... -need road rash... -need to get deep into epid…
34 terms
Parasitology Parasite and Disease Match
Acanthamoebic Keratitis
Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis
Toxoplasmosis
Amoebiasis
Acanthamoeba castellani
Naegleria fowleri
Toxoplasma gondii
Entamoebia histolytica
Acanthamoebic Keratitis
Acanthamoeba castellani
Primary Amebic Meningoencephalitis
Naegleria fowleri
11 terms
Parasitology Part I - What are these parasites?
Hookworm
Roundworm
Whipworm
Demodex
Ancylostoma duodenale. Lives within the digestive tract. Most…
Toxicara canis. Common worm detected in dogs. Puppies can con…
Trichuris vulpis. Damages cecal and colonic mucosa (worms typ…
Aka "Mange". This parasite lives in the hair follicles and oi…
Hookworm
Ancylostoma duodenale. Lives within the digestive tract. Most…
Roundworm
Toxicara canis. Common worm detected in dogs. Puppies can con…
10 terms
Parasitology BLOOD PARASITES
Lyme disease is caused by
Tick vectors for Borrelia
Lyme disease is technically
Black legged tick=
spirochete... Borrelia burgdorfi
Ixodes scapularis... Ixodes pacificus
NOT a blood parasite... (resides in tissue)
deer tick
Lyme disease is caused by
spirochete... Borrelia burgdorfi
Tick vectors for Borrelia
Ixodes scapularis... Ixodes pacificus
40 terms
Blood parasites section- parasitology
The Plasmodium species found in human…
Plasmodium falciparum (general)
Plasmodium vivax (general)
Plasmodium malariae (general)
a. Size & distribution of ring forms... b. Size & shape of gamet…
gametocyte: Crescent/ banana shape, compact chromatin, dark p…
gametocyte: Single large nucleus with compact chromatin in in…
gametocyte: < 13 segments that are a "rosette arrangement", b…
The Plasmodium species found in human…
a. Size & distribution of ring forms... b. Size & shape of gamet…
Plasmodium falciparum (general)
gametocyte: Crescent/ banana shape, compact chromatin, dark p…
10 terms
Parasitology Types of Parasites
Ectoparasite
Endoparasite
Obligate parasite
Facultative parasite
Live on the outside of the host
Live within the body of the host
Completely dependent on the host
Can live free far from the host or as parasite
Ectoparasite
Live on the outside of the host
Endoparasite
Live within the body of the host
65 terms
Parasitology - Intestinal Parasites SA
hooks
whips
endoparasiticide
ectoparaciticide
if see digested blood when doing a fecal, think
if see fresh blood when doing a fecal, think
kills internal parasites
kills external parasites
hooks
if see digested blood when doing a fecal, think
whips
if see fresh blood when doing a fecal, think
Parasitology Parasites Final Exam
Ancylostoma caninum
Oxyuris equi
Trichuris ovis
Strongyloides ransomi
Ancylostoma caninum
Oxyuris equi
28 terms
Parasitology Midterm 28 Parasites
Oxyuris equi
Paraanoplocephala spp.
Anoplocephala spp.
Taenia solium
Similar to Anoplocephala spp. but oval and thin walled
Oxyuris equi
Paraanoplocephala spp.
Similar to Anoplocephala spp. but oval and thin walled
35 terms
Parasitology (diagnosis of parasites)
Gross observation
Radiological diagnosis
Necropsy
Immunodetection
Seen with naked eye. Ectoparasites, larval forms, tapeworm se…
Seen through radiograph. Heart worm disease (heart changes sh…
Look at tissues after death, histopathology
Antigen antibody tests, occult heart worm tests
Gross observation
Seen with naked eye. Ectoparasites, larval forms, tapeworm se…
Radiological diagnosis
Seen through radiograph. Heart worm disease (heart changes sh…
Parasitology Midterm 28 Parasites
Oxyuris equi
Paraanoplocephala spp.
Anoplocephala spp.
Taenia solium
Similar to Anoplocephala spp. but oval and thin walled
Oxyuris equi
Paraanoplocephala spp.
Similar to Anoplocephala spp. but oval and thin walled
12 terms
Parasitology Dx of Internal Parasitism
number of parasites, kind/injury, heal…
qualitative, quantitative
feces, blood, urine
gross/visual exam, direct smear, conce…
3 factors of expense
general tests for parasites
types of samples for qualitative tests
types of qualitative tests on fecal samples
number of parasites, kind/injury, heal…
3 factors of expense
qualitative, quantitative
general tests for parasites
21 terms
Parasitology Lab - Internal Parasites
Toxocara canis
Toxocara cati (mystax)
Toxascaris leonina
Uncinaria stenocephala
Species: CANINE... Recovery technique: FECAL FLOAT... Size: 80um x…
Species: FELINE... recovery technique: FECAL FLOAT... Size: 75um x…
Species: CANINE AND FELINE... Size: 80um x 70um... Recovery techniq…
Species: CANINE... Size: 75um x 45um... Recovery technique: FECAL F…
Toxocara canis
Species: CANINE... Recovery technique: FECAL FLOAT... Size: 80um x…
Toxocara cati (mystax)
Species: FELINE... recovery technique: FECAL FLOAT... Size: 75um x…
90 terms
Parasitology Exam-External Parasites
Life Cycle of a flea:
Where are flea eggs laid?
Primary clinical sign of fleas?
Secondary clinical sign of fleas?
egg - larva - pupae - adult
On the host
Itching and discomfort
Hair loss, dermatitis, scabs
Life Cycle of a flea:
egg - larva - pupae - adult
Where are flea eggs laid?
On the host
Parasitology - Blood parasites
Anaplasma marginale
19
True
False
What is anaplasmosis caused by?
How many tick vector species have been reported to transmit a…
T/F Once treated from anaplasmosis cattle remain chronically…
T/F Anaplasmosis is worse if young cattle
Anaplasma marginale
What is anaplasmosis caused by?
19
How many tick vector species have been reported to transmit a…
77 terms
Parasitology 3 - Dipteran parasites
What order contains arthropods with 1…
What is complete metamorphosis?
Why are flies problematic?
What are the adult nonbiting flies?
Order Diptera (flies)
Eggs to larva to pupa to adults
Fly worries, Fly bites (Fly bite dermatitis), Disease transmi…
Musca domestica and Musca autumnalis
What order contains arthropods with 1…
Order Diptera (flies)
What is complete metamorphosis?
Eggs to larva to pupa to adults
6 terms
Parasitology: Diagnostic Tests for Parasites
Used to concentrate parasitic forms in…
Quick and inexpensive way of viewing c…
This is used when intracellular struct…
Standard procedure used for staining p…
Fecal Concentrations
KOH preparations
Giemsa stain
Trichrome stain
Used to concentrate parasitic forms in…
Fecal Concentrations
Quick and inexpensive way of viewing c…
KOH preparations
34 terms
Parasitology #4: Protozoan Parasites
Parasitic organisms most commonly asso…
The malarial parasite characterized by…
The characteristic that most clearly d…
The tick responsible for transmission…
d. cryptosporidium parvum
b. falciparum
c. a large glycogen vacuole
a. Babesia microti
Parasitic organisms most commonly asso…
d. cryptosporidium parvum
The malarial parasite characterized by…
b. falciparum
21 terms
Parasitology- Exam 2 Parasite Names
Trematodes
Platynosomum fastosum
Nanophyetus salmincola
Alaria spp.
flukes
lizard poisoning fluke
salmon poisoning fluke
intestinal flukes
Trematodes
flukes
Platynosomum fastosum
lizard poisoning fluke
5 terms
Intro to Parasitology & Parasitic Pathogens
Parasite
Parasitic Pathogenicity
Protozoa
Metazoa: Helminths, Arthropods, Molluscs
utilizes host's resources for maintenance and growth
High Adaptation - little/no injury... Incomplete Adaptation - sy…
single celled Euk
multicellular Euk
Parasite
utilizes host's resources for maintenance and growth
Parasitic Pathogenicity
High Adaptation - little/no injury... Incomplete Adaptation - sy…
12 terms
Parasitology External Parasites
Sarcoptes
Demodex
Cheyletiella
Otodectes
Mange mite
Follicular mite
Walking dandruff
Ear mites
Sarcoptes
Mange mite
Demodex
Follicular mite
55 terms
Parasitology Parasites - Nematodes
Dioecious
Oviparous
Ovoviviparous
Larviparous
Distinct male and female systems; used to describe nematode r…
Eggs with single-cell or morula
Eggs with 1st stage larva
Eggs are retained, birth live larvae
Dioecious
Distinct male and female systems; used to describe nematode r…
Oviparous
Eggs with single-cell or morula
87 terms
Parasitology & Parasitic Pharm
Protozoa categories
Amoebae/ Giardia / Trichomonas... Common…
Developmental Stages in Protozoa: Cyst…
Amoebae (Ameboid-Crawling motion on a substrate)... Entamoeba h…
1. Evolutionarily among the earliest eukaryotes... 2. Facultati…
Designed for transmission ... Non-replicative... Survive in the e…
Protozoa categories
Amoebae (Ameboid-Crawling motion on a substrate)... Entamoeba h…
Amoebae/ Giardia / Trichomonas... Common…
1. Evolutionarily among the earliest eukaryotes... 2. Facultati…
33 terms
Parasitology III Parasites
Plasmodium relictum
Vector of Plasmodium relictum
Vector of Plasmodium chabaudi
Plasmodium chabaudi
Native to many birds worldwide. Introduced to Hawaii in early…
Culex mosquito
Anopheles mosquito
African thicket rats. Similar to human malaria. Used in labs,…
Plasmodium relictum
Native to many birds worldwide. Introduced to Hawaii in early…
Vector of Plasmodium relictum
Culex mosquito
50 terms
Parasitology: GI parasites of cattle
ostertagia
milk production
cow
nematodirus
important parasite of cattle
what is affected that will affect weight gain in cattle with…
what to deworm to get most weight gain
parsite with the large egg that looks like trichostrongyle
ostertagia
important parasite of cattle
milk production
what is affected that will affect weight gain in cattle with…
73 terms
Parasitology: Equine Intestinal Parasites
small strongyles
parascaris equorum
young
strongyles and parascaris
most important parasites of adult horses
most important parasite of foals and weanlings
age of horses that actually benefit from frequent deworming
fecal egg count reduction test is only useful for ____ and __…
small strongyles
most important parasites of adult horses
parascaris equorum
most important parasite of foals and weanlings
24 terms
Parasitology - Parasitic mites of dogs and cats
...
Sarcoptes scabiei... Note the stumpy fron…
Female creates winding tunnels paralle…
Several DEEP skin scrapes
To see the classifications of mites etc.. see the horse mites…
What mite is this?
Summarise the life cycle of sarcoptes scabiei
How do you best Dx a sarcoptes scabiei infestation?
...
To see the classifications of mites etc.. see the horse mites…
Sarcoptes scabiei... Note the stumpy fron…
What mite is this?
30 terms
parasitology: Parasites and disease
leishmania donovani
leishmania tropica
trypanosoma cruzi
trypanosoma brucei
visceral leishmaniasis (vx: phlebotomus sand fly)
cutaneous leishmaniasis (vx: lutzomyia sandfly)
chagas (vx: reduiivid bug)
nagana in domestic animals (vx: glossina tsetse fly)
leishmania donovani
visceral leishmaniasis (vx: phlebotomus sand fly)
leishmania tropica
cutaneous leishmaniasis (vx: lutzomyia sandfly)
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