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Study sets matching "parts biology cells chapter 7"

19 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cell
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
This is the part of the cell where proteins are made or assem…
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cell
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
This is the part of the cell where proteins are made or assem…
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cell
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
This is the part of the cell where proteins are made or assem…
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cells
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
Basic unit of life
idea that ... 1.) all living things are composed of cells,... 2.) c…
A part of the cell containing DNA. Controls the function of t…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
idea that ... 1.) all living things are composed of cells,... 2.) c…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cells
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
Basic unit of life
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
19 terms
Biology Cells Chapter 7.2.
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
-outer part of the cell ... -holds in the cell parts and control…
-outside of the cell membrane... -protects the cell and helps ma…
-takes up the space between the nucleus and the cell membrane…
-in an animal cell it is located in the center... -in a plant ce…
Cell membrane
-outer part of the cell ... -holds in the cell parts and control…
Cell wall
-outside of the cell membrane... -protects the cell and helps ma…
51 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cell theory
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
This is the part of the cell where proteins are made or assem…
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
59 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cells
Robert Hooke
Van Leeuwenhoek
Theodor Schwann
Matthias Schleiden
Saw cell walls in cork - named cells
saw "animalcules" in pond water
All animals are made of cells
All plants are made of cells
Robert Hooke
Saw cell walls in cork - named cells
Van Leeuwenhoek
saw "animalcules" in pond water
33 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
15 terms
Biology chapter 7, cell parts
cytoplasm
rough endoplasmic reticulum
cell membrane
ribosomes
all materials inside the cell membrane including the cytosol…
transports and modifies proteins, contains ribosomes on the s…
thin, flexible barrier around the cell, controls what enters…
small structures that produce proteins by following coded ins…
cytoplasm
all materials inside the cell membrane including the cytosol…
rough endoplasmic reticulum
transports and modifies proteins, contains ribosomes on the s…
10 terms
chapter 7 biology (CELL PARTS)
mitochondrion (mitochondria)
cristae
ribosomes
golgi apparatus
the energy center or power house of cell. turns food into usa…
inner folded membrane to increase surface are so that more re…
make proteins ( the site of protein synthesis) located on the…
modifies, packages, sorts and ships proteins. made of a stack…
mitochondrion (mitochondria)
the energy center or power house of cell. turns food into usa…
cristae
inner folded membrane to increase surface are so that more re…
Biology Chapter 7: Cell Parts
Plant or Animal Cell
Cell with no nucleus
Cell Wall
Centrioles
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Inflexible barrier
Occur in pairs, Cell division
Plant or Animal Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Cell with no nucleus
Prokaryotic Cell
28 terms
biology chapter 7 parts of the cell
cell wall
centrioles
chloroplast
cilia
an inflexible barrior that provides support and protects the…
organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
a double-membrane organelle with thylakoids containing chloro…
projections from cell surfaces that aid in locomotion and fee…
cell wall
an inflexible barrior that provides support and protects the…
centrioles
organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell div…
36 terms
Biology Cells Chapter 7
Cell
Cell Theory
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
The most basic form of life.
Says the following:... 1). All living things are made of cells.…
A large structure in the center of the cell that contains the…
A thin flexible layer found around the cell. In animals, this…
Cell
The most basic form of life.
Cell Theory
Says the following:... 1). All living things are made of cells.…
36 terms
Biology - Chapter 7 Cells
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
eukaryotic cell
he basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
1. All living organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2.…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
cell
he basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
cell theory
1. All living organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2.…
39 terms
biology chapter 7: cells
Attached Ribosomes
Cell membrane
Cell wall
chloroplasts
produce proteins by following coded instructions that come fr…
surrounds the cells with a thin flexible barrier. selectively…
produces a strong supporting layer around the membrane and is…
capture energy from sunlight and convert it into chemical ene…
Attached Ribosomes
produce proteins by following coded instructions that come fr…
Cell membrane
surrounds the cells with a thin flexible barrier. selectively…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cell Organelles
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
This is the part of the cell where proteins are made or assem…
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
20 terms
Biology Chapter 7 - The Cell
Cell
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Membrane
Basic unit of life
An organism whose cells do not have a membrane-bound nucleus
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
A pliable sheetlike structure acting as a boundary
Cell
Basic unit of life
Prokaryotic
An organism whose cells do not have a membrane-bound nucleus
33 terms
Biology- Chapter 7- Cell Structure and Function
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
Basic unit of life
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Control center of the cell. Contains DNA.
cell
Basic unit of life
cell theory
..., idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells…
19 terms
Chapter 7 Biology Cell Parts
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Mitochondria
Chloroplast
Protects the cell and controls what enters and leaves the cell.
In plant cells. Used as protection, support, and structural i…
The power house of the cell. (ATP=Base Energy)
In plant cells. Makes "sugars" for cells by photosynthesis.
Cell Membrane
Protects the cell and controls what enters and leaves the cell.
Cell Wall
In plant cells. Used as protection, support, and structural i…
74 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 7
Function of Membrane
Function of Membrane
Function of Membrane
Function of Membrane
define boundries
provide locations fro biochemical functions
regulate transport of solute
Detect and transmit signals
Function of Membrane
define boundries
Function of Membrane
provide locations fro biochemical functions
34 terms
Chapter 7 Biology Cell Structure and Function
First studied cells
Cell theory
compound light microscope and an elect…
Eukaryotic cell
The basic structural and functional unit of all living things…
1. All living organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2.…
Compound light microscope uses a series of glass lenses and v…
Contains a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by mem…
First studied cells
The basic structural and functional unit of all living things…
Cell theory
1. All living organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2.…
54 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cells
Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Cell theory
The smallest basic structural and function unit of all living…
first person to discover dead cells in cork bark with a micro…
first person to discover living cells
composed of three parts: all living things are composed of on…
Cell
The smallest basic structural and function unit of all living…
Robert Hooke
first person to discover dead cells in cork bark with a micro…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 7 - Cells
cell
cell theory
compound light microscope
electron microscope
basic unit of all organisms
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2. Cells…
instrument that uses light and a series of lenses to magnify;…
instrument that uses electrons to magnify structures up to 50…
cell
basic unit of all organisms
cell theory
1. All organisms are composed of one or more cells.... 2. Cells…
19 terms
Cell Parts: Biology Chapter 7
Nucleus
Organelles
Cytoplasm
Nuclear envelope
Control center of the cell
Carry out special duties for the cell
Protects the nucleus
Allow materials to move in and out of the nucleus
Nucleus
Control center of the cell
Organelles
Carry out special duties for the cell
11 terms
Biology chapter 7 cell parts
Cell membrame
Cell wall
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
It allows certain molecules in but block some out
Provides shape, support, and protection the the cell, it allo…
The control center, has the DNA and information
All the substance with in the cell and outside of the nucleus…
Cell membrame
It allows certain molecules in but block some out
Cell wall
Provides shape, support, and protection the the cell, it allo…
24 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Parts of the Cell
nucleoid
plasmid
flagellum
nucleus
location and structural organization of a prokaryotic circula…
little pre-coiled DNA molecules independent of the circular c…
assembled from proteins, propels the cell through water
has a nuclear envelope (double membrane studded with pores).…
nucleoid
location and structural organization of a prokaryotic circula…
plasmid
little pre-coiled DNA molecules independent of the circular c…
61 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cells
What are the two main types of cells?
Who was Robert Hooke?
Why did Robert Hooke call the tiny cha…
Who was Anton Van Leeuwenhoek?
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
-Was the first to observe non-living cells... -Named them cells
Because it reminded him of the rooms in a monastery.
-Improved the microscope... -First to see tiny organisms living…
What are the two main types of cells?
Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
Who was Robert Hooke?
-Was the first to observe non-living cells... -Named them cells
123 terms
Biology: Chapter 7- Cell Biology
microscope
Robert Hooke (1665)
Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1670's)
Schleiden (1838)
invented in the 17th century
- observed cork (a protective plant tissue)... - coined the term…
- observed 'wee beasties' in pond water; he called them anima…
botanist; proposed 'all plants are composed of cells'
microscope
invented in the 17th century
Robert Hooke (1665)
- observed cork (a protective plant tissue)... - coined the term…
35 terms
AP Biology- Chapter 7 Cell Membrane
selective permeability
amphipathic
fluid mosaic model
integral proteins
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
depicts the membrane as a fluid structure with a "mosaic" of…
proteins that penetrate the hydrophobic core of the lipid bil…
selective permeability
allowing some substances to cross more easily than others
amphipathic
having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic region
60 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cells
Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Cell theory
The smallest basic structural and function unit of all living…
first person to discover dead cells in cork bark with a micro…
first person to discover living cells
(1.) all living things are composed of one or more cells cell…
Cell
The smallest basic structural and function unit of all living…
Robert Hooke
first person to discover dead cells in cork bark with a micro…
12 terms
Biology Chapter 7: CELL
cell wall
cell membrane
chloroplasts
chromatin
found in plant but not animal cells, a thick, rigid, mesh of…
found in both plant and animal cells and consisting of a phos…
found in plant but not animal cells, they contain pigments th…
a complex mass of DNA attached to protein that is found in th…
cell wall
found in plant but not animal cells, a thick, rigid, mesh of…
cell membrane
found in both plant and animal cells and consisting of a phos…
20 terms
Chapter 7 Biology Cell Structures and Functions
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Lipid Bilayer
Selectively Permeable
The fundamental concept of biology that states that all livin…
The outer layer of EVERY cell that allows the passage of part…
This term describes the double layer of phospholipids that ac…
A biological property that describes a cell membrane's abilit…
Cell Theory
The fundamental concept of biology that states that all livin…
Cell Membrane
The outer layer of EVERY cell that allows the passage of part…
36 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Parts of the Cell
Cell Wall
Chromatin
Nucleolus
Ribosomes
Fairly rigid structure located outside the cell membrane.
Strands of the genetic material
Organelle inside the nucleus that makes ribosomes
Makes proteins
Cell Wall
Fairly rigid structure located outside the cell membrane.
Chromatin
Strands of the genetic material
142 terms
Chapter 7 Cell Biology
DNA integrity is...
What is the nucleus?
Which processes occur in the nucleus?
What is the nuclear envelope?
the top priority for all cells
Highly specialized organelle to protect DNA
Copying DNA, repairing DNA,... transcribing DNA (and RNA process…
double-membrane, encloses the nucleoplasm (DNA plus proteins…
DNA integrity is...
the top priority for all cells
What is the nucleus?
Highly specialized organelle to protect DNA
23 terms
Biology I chapter 7 cell and cell parts (MLHS)
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
the basic unit of living things
this states that cells are the basic unit of living things, a…
the control center of the cell
cell that contains a nucleus and many organelles
cell
the basic unit of living things
cell theory
this states that cells are the basic unit of living things, a…
24 terms
Biology Chapter 7: Cells
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Ribosomes, DNA, cell membrane, and cyt…
Cytoplasm
A type of cell that does not have a nucleus. Example: bacteria
A type of cell that has a nucleus. Example: plant
What do both types of cells have?
The portion of the cell outside of the nucleus
Prokaryotic
A type of cell that does not have a nucleus. Example: bacteria
Eukaryotic
A type of cell that has a nucleus. Example: plant
21 terms
Biology: Chapter 7 - Cell Structure and Function
cell theory
cytoplasm
organelle
prokaryotic cell
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
cytoplasm
jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
37 terms
Glencoe Biology Chapter 7 Cell theory + Organelles
Cell
Compound light microscope
Cell theory
Electron microscope
basic unit of all organisms; all living things are composed o…
instrument that uses light and a series of lenses to magnify…
the theory that (1) all organisms are composed of one or more…
instruments that uses a beam of electrons instead of light to…
Cell
basic unit of all organisms; all living things are composed o…
Compound light microscope
instrument that uses light and a series of lenses to magnify…
37 terms
Chapter 7 Cells: Glencoe Biology
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
eukaryotic cell
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
1. All living organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2.…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
A type of cell with a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membrane-…
cell
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
cell theory
1. All living organisms are composed of one or more cells... 2.…
42 terms
Biology: Chapter 7- Cells
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
basic units of life
the cell theory states that all living things are composed of…
large membrane-enclosed structure that contains genetic mater…
cells with nuclei
cell
basic units of life
cell theory
the cell theory states that all living things are composed of…
13 terms
Chapter 7 Biology Cells
organelle
mitochondria
endoplasmic reticulum
chloroplast
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
a network of membranous tubules within the cytoplasm of a euk…
(in green plant cells) a plastid that contains chlorophyll an…
organelle
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
mitochondria
an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cells
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryote
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
an organism with cells characteristic of all life forms excep…
cell
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all org…
cell theory
(biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structur…
25 terms
Biology Chapter 7 Cells
Active Transport
Central Vacoule
Golgi Apparatus
Lysosome
The movement of something through the plasma membrane that re…
A storage area in some animal cells and all plant cells, that…
In all eukaryotic cells. Some proteins are sent here to be so…
In all animal cells, are able to fuse with vacuoles to digest…
Active Transport
The movement of something through the plasma membrane that re…
Central Vacoule
A storage area in some animal cells and all plant cells, that…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 7: The Cell
Three components of the "cell theory"…
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Ribosomes
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
This organelle is the control center for the cell and houses…
This is the part of the cell where proteins are made or assem…
Three components of the "cell theory"…
1. All living things are composed of cells.... 2. Cells are the…
Cell Membrane
This is the boundary between the inside and the outside fo th…
Cell Biology Chapter 7
Genetic instructions... →
Gene... '♣ DNA
Central dogma of molecular biology
RNA splicing
Written in a 4 letter alphabet (AT, CG)... Directs the formation…
Gene is parts of DNA that code for an RNA, a different type o…
1) Trancription - DNA copied into RNA ... 2) Translation: Using…
A process in eukaryotic cells... ♦ Segments of an RNA transcript…
Genetic instructions... →
Written in a 4 letter alphabet (AT, CG)... Directs the formation…
Gene... '♣ DNA
Gene is parts of DNA that code for an RNA, a different type o…
33 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 7
alternative splicing
aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase
anticodon
codon
The production of different mRNAs (and proteins) from the sam…
During protein synthesis, an enzyme that attaches the correct…
Set of three consecutive nucleotides in a transfer RNA molecu…
Group of three consecutive nucleotides that specifies a parti…
alternative splicing
The production of different mRNAs (and proteins) from the sam…
aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase
During protein synthesis, an enzyme that attaches the correct…
32 terms
Chapter 7 Cell biology
Alternative Splicing
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase
Anticodon
Codon
the production of different mRNAs (and proteins) from the sam…
During protein synethesis, an enzyme that attaches to the cor…
Set of free consecutive nucleotides in a transfer RNA molecul…
Group of three consecutive nucleotides that specifies a parti…
Alternative Splicing
the production of different mRNAs (and proteins) from the sam…
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase
During protein synethesis, an enzyme that attaches to the cor…
30 terms
Cell Biology-Chapter 7
glycocalyx
glycocalyx
extracellular matrix (ECM)
collagen, integrins, fibromectins, lam…
A layer closely applied to the outer surface of the plasma me…
thought to mediate cell-cell and cell-substratum interactions…
an organized network of extracellular materials that is prese…
5 components of ECM
glycocalyx
A layer closely applied to the outer surface of the plasma me…
glycocalyx
thought to mediate cell-cell and cell-substratum interactions…
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