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44 terms
Pathology: Chapter 4
Acne
Folliculitis
Impetigo
Boil (Furuncle and Carbuncle)
Description: ... -A sebaceous gland and hair follicle inflammato…
Description:... -inflammation of the hair follicles (usually gro…
Description: ... -bacteria skin infection (usually around the mo…
Description: ... -deeply infected hair follicles spread to surro…
Acne
Description: ... -A sebaceous gland and hair follicle inflammato…
Folliculitis
Description:... -inflammation of the hair follicles (usually gro…
Chapter 4, Oral pathology
Human Papil/lo/mavirus Infections (HPV)
Verruca Vulgaris
Condyloma Acuminatum
Focal Epithelial Hyperplasia
A sexually transmitted disease. ... Over 100 different types of…
Normally a skin lesion. Caused by HPV. ... Appearance: White ver…
Caused by HPV.... Found in the Ano/genital region.... Appearance: P…
also known as: Heck Disease caused by HPV.... Appearance: white-…
Human Papil/lo/mavirus Infections (HPV)
A sexually transmitted disease. ... Over 100 different types of…
Verruca Vulgaris
Normally a skin lesion. Caused by HPV. ... Appearance: White ver…
73 terms
Chapter 4 Pathology
Granuloma
Granulomatous disease
Herpetic whitlow
Incubation period
A tumor-like mass of inflammatory tissue consisting of a cent…
A disease characterized by the formation of granulomas.
An infection caused by herpes simplex virus infection that in…
The period between the infection of an individual by a pathog…
Granuloma
A tumor-like mass of inflammatory tissue consisting of a cent…
Granulomatous disease
A disease characterized by the formation of granulomas.
26 terms
Pathology Chapter 4
What is a decrease in the size of the…
Atrophy of the heart is called, which…
What is the deposition of calcium salt…
What are three examples of dystrophic…
Atrophy
Brown atrophy
Dystrophic calcification
Atherosclerosis, necrotic tissue or areas, and damaged heart…
What is a decrease in the size of the…
Atrophy
Atrophy of the heart is called, which…
Brown atrophy
13 terms
Pathology Chapter 4
Effects of Carboxyhemoglobin
Bioaerosols
Most common site of lead absorption
Thimerosal
Carboxyhemoglobin accumulates and causes hypoxia... Chronically…
Those that contain infectious agents... Common cold... Legionnair…
Main Sources... • Lead containing paint (flaking paint in older…
contains ethyl mercury, used to be preservative in some vacci…
Effects of Carboxyhemoglobin
Carboxyhemoglobin accumulates and causes hypoxia... Chronically…
Bioaerosols
Those that contain infectious agents... Common cold... Legionnair…
78 terms
Chapter 4 pathology
bone; cartilage
compact; cancellous
periosteum; endosteum
dense; structureless
The two highly specialized connective tissues in the skeletal…
The two major types of bone are
The two membranes associated with the bone are
The compact bone appears ______ and ________.
bone; cartilage
The two highly specialized connective tissues in the skeletal…
compact; cancellous
The two major types of bone are
67 terms
Chapter 4 Pathology Terms
Granuloma
Granulomatous disease
herpetic whitlow
incubation period
a tumor-like mass of inflammatory tissue consisting of a cent…
a disease characterized by the formation of granulomas
an infection caused by herpes simplex virus infection that in…
the period between the infection of an individual by a pathog…
Granuloma
a tumor-like mass of inflammatory tissue consisting of a cent…
Granulomatous disease
a disease characterized by the formation of granulomas
99 terms
Pathology Chapter 4: Cardiovascular
Branches of the Cardiovascular system
Systemic
Pulmonary
Pericardium
-Systemic... -Pulmonary
• Carries blood throughout the body to meet the body's needs…
• Carries blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange
Surrounds the heart to provide protection and support
Branches of the Cardiovascular system
-Systemic... -Pulmonary
Systemic
• Carries blood throughout the body to meet the body's needs…
9 terms
Pathology Chapter 4
Granuloma
Granulomatous disease
Herpetic whitlow
Incubation period
A tumor like mass of inflammatory tissue consisting of a cent…
A disease characterized by the formation of granulomas
An infection caused by herpes simplex virus infection that in…
The period between the infection of an individual by a pathog…
Granuloma
A tumor like mass of inflammatory tissue consisting of a cent…
Granulomatous disease
A disease characterized by the formation of granulomas
50 terms
Pathology Chapter 4 skeletal
The bone is covered on the outer surfa…
The hollow tube-like structure within…
A weblike arrangement of marrow-filled…
The secondary ossification center in a…
Periosteum
Medullary cavity
Cancellous bone
Epiphysis
The bone is covered on the outer surfa…
Periosteum
The hollow tube-like structure within…
Medullary cavity
104 terms
PATHOLOGY CHAPTER 4
EDEMA
PHAGOCYTOSIS
KELOID
SUPPURATIVE
The accumulation of abnormal amounts of fluid in the spaces b…
Is the process by which white blood cells surround and digest…
A tumor like scar.
Inflammation with pus formation.
EDEMA
The accumulation of abnormal amounts of fluid in the spaces b…
PHAGOCYTOSIS
Is the process by which white blood cells surround and digest…
42 terms
pathology chapter 4
antigen
haptens
major histocompatability complexes (MHC)
nonspecific immunity
agent that triggers an immune response... large molecular weight…
small molecular weight substances... can only exhibit antigenic…
found on almost any cell with a nucleus... identification tags…
innate or natural immunity... defense mechanisms that require no…
antigen
agent that triggers an immune response... large molecular weight…
haptens
small molecular weight substances... can only exhibit antigenic…
80 terms
Chapter 4 pathology (Skeletal)
bone; cartilage
compact; cancellous
periosteum; endosteum
dense; structureless
The two highly specialized connective tissues in the skeletal…
The two major types of bone are
The two membranes associated with the bone are
The compact bone appears ______ and ________.
bone; cartilage
The two highly specialized connective tissues in the skeletal…
compact; cancellous
The two major types of bone are
19 terms
Pathology (Chapter 4/Key Terms)
acidosis
corticotropin
epiphyseal
gonadotropin
A pathologic condition resulting from an abnormal increase in…
A hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary.
The long end of a bone where bone growth occurs.
Hormone that stimulates the testes and the ovaries to function.
acidosis
A pathologic condition resulting from an abnormal increase in…
corticotropin
A hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary.
37 terms
Pathology chapter 4
Acquired immunity
Active immunity
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD)
Anaphylactic reaction
immunity that is created in response to specific antigens and…
immunity in which the host is able to produce its own antibod…
one of the most common forms of type IV hypersensitivity
type I hypersensitivity reaction that is mediated by IgE and…
Acquired immunity
immunity that is created in response to specific antigens and…
Active immunity
immunity in which the host is able to produce its own antibod…
50 terms
Chapter 4 Pathology
Congenital disorder
3rd week of embryonic life
most facial development is complete by
Odontogenesis
present at birth
invagination of ectoderm forms the primitive oral cavity call…
the 8th week
begins at the 5th week of embryonic life
Congenital disorder
present at birth
3rd week of embryonic life
invagination of ectoderm forms the primitive oral cavity call…
41 terms
Pathology Chapter 4
126
80
2
Trabeculae
There are ____ bones in the appendicular skeleton.
There are ____ bones in the axial skeleton.
Radiographs of bones always require at least __ views at righ…
The bony _____ must always be well demonstrated on a radiogra…
126
There are ____ bones in the appendicular skeleton.
80
There are ____ bones in the axial skeleton.
61 terms
pathology//chapter 4- fluid & electrolytes
newborns and body fluids
aging and body fluids
net filtration
forces that favor filtration
75-80 percent of body weight ... susceptible to significant cha…
decreased percent of total body water... increased adipose and…
forces favoring filtration minus forces opposing filtration
capillary hydrostatic pressure (blood pressure)... interstitial…
newborns and body fluids
75-80 percent of body weight ... susceptible to significant cha…
aging and body fluids
decreased percent of total body water... increased adipose and…
44 terms
Chapter 4 pathology
a dx caused by a microorganism that do…
a bacterial skin infection caused by s…
caused by streptococcus pyogens
rash on trunk, lymph nodes are swollen
oportunistic infection
bacterial infections- impetigo
tonsillitis and pharyngitis
scarlet fever
a dx caused by a microorganism that do…
oportunistic infection
a bacterial skin infection caused by s…
bacterial infections- impetigo
46 terms
Oral Pathology Infectious Diseases Chapter 4
The most specific of the body's defens…
Primary lesion of syphilis is called
Tertiary lesion of syphilis is called
Syphilis is caused by
The immune response
Chancre
Gumma
The spirochete Treponema pallidum
The most specific of the body's defens…
The immune response
Primary lesion of syphilis is called
Chancre
40 terms
Chapter 4 Skeletal Pathology
arthralgia
bursitis
callus
chondromalacia
Joint pain.
Inflammation of the bursa.
The mass of bone tissue that forms at a fracture site during…
Softening of the cartilage.
arthralgia
Joint pain.
bursitis
Inflammation of the bursa.
74 terms
Pathology Chapter 4
Environmental Diseases
Toxicology
Exogenous Toxins
EPA pollutants
Caused by exposure to chemical or physical agents.
Study of poisons
Xenobiotics
sulfur dioxide... carbon monoxide... ozone ... nitrogen dioxide... lead... p…
Environmental Diseases
Caused by exposure to chemical or physical agents.
Toxicology
Study of poisons
69 terms
Chapter 4 Pathology
the most specific of the bodys defense…
what is the primary lesion of syphilis…
perioral lesions of impetigo may resem…
what is the tertiary lesion of syphill…
the immune system
chancre
recurrent herpes simplex infection
gumma
the most specific of the bodys defense…
the immune system
what is the primary lesion of syphilis…
chancre
45 terms
Pathology-Chapter 4
causes of cell injury
virulence
viral
bacterial
direct cell contact or invasion, release of toxins, provocati…
degree of harmfulness of a microbe
enter cells and multiply; may cause cell death, incite immune…
attaches or invades host or secretes toxin; endotoxins vs. ex…
causes of cell injury
direct cell contact or invasion, release of toxins, provocati…
virulence
degree of harmfulness of a microbe
100 terms
Pathology for Massage Chapter 4
Nerve
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
bundle or bundles of neuron fibers surrounded by connective t…
A nerve cell that is specialized to receive and conduct elect…
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive…
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulse…
Nerve
bundle or bundles of neuron fibers surrounded by connective t…
Neuron
A nerve cell that is specialized to receive and conduct elect…
50 terms
pathology chapter 4
outside covering of he bone
tube like structure within the diaphysis
web like arrangement of marrow filled…
secondary ossification
periosteum
medullary cavity
trabeculae ... Cancellous spongy bone
epiphysis
outside covering of he bone
periosteum
tube like structure within the diaphysis
medullary cavity
11 terms
chapter 4 pathology
Humoral immunity (antibodies) is an ef…
Cell-mediated immunity (T-cell lymphoc…
Bacterial Infection: Impetigo
Bacterial Infections: what is Tonsilli…
microorganisms
intracellular bacteria, viruses, and fungi
-Caused by Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus... -…
Inflammatory conditions of the tonsils and pharyngeal mucosa
Humoral immunity (antibodies) is an ef…
microorganisms
Cell-mediated immunity (T-cell lymphoc…
intracellular bacteria, viruses, and fungi
40 terms
Chapter 4 Pathology
granuloma
granulomatous disease
herpetic whitlow
incubation period
a tumor-like mass of inflammatory tissue consisting of a cent…
a disease characterized by the formation of granulomas
an infection caused by herpes simplex virus infection that in…
the period between the infection of an individual by a pathog…
granuloma
a tumor-like mass of inflammatory tissue consisting of a cent…
granulomatous disease
a disease characterized by the formation of granulomas
15 terms
MT Chp 4: Pathology
pathology
disease
symptom (sx)
etiology
the study of disease and the way it affects the functions of…
a condition that affects the normal functioning of the body;…
subjective effects of a disease that a person feels, such as…
study of the cause of disease
pathology
the study of disease and the way it affects the functions of…
disease
a condition that affects the normal functioning of the body;…
43 terms
Chapter 4 - Pathology (Skeletal)
chiropractic
orthopedics
orthotics
podiatry
Healthcare profession concerned with diagnosis and treatment…
Branch of medicine specializing in the diagnosis and treatmen…
Healthcare profession specializing in making orthopedic appli…
Healthcare profession specializing in diagnosis and treatment…
chiropractic
Healthcare profession concerned with diagnosis and treatment…
orthopedics
Branch of medicine specializing in the diagnosis and treatmen…
105 terms
chapter 4 skeletal pathology
ostepblasts
oteoclasts
diaphysis
epiphysis
bone forming cells
cells that break down done
primary center of ossification shaft-contain yellow marrow
secondary center of ossification ends- contains red marrow
ostepblasts
bone forming cells
oteoclasts
cells that break down done
24 terms
Pathology - Chapter 4 - Key Terms
Acne
Athlete's foot
Cellulitis
Cold sore
Inflammatory bacterial infection marked by the presence of co…
Fungal infection of the foot/feet.
Infection of skin and subcutaneous tissues that may arise fro…
Infection caused by the herpes simplex virus.
Acne
Inflammatory bacterial infection marked by the presence of co…
Athlete's foot
Fungal infection of the foot/feet.
136 terms
Chapter 4 Pathology
Why does damage to peripheral neurons…
How does numbness influence massage ch…
Name a caution for massage in the cont…
What is the best description of Alzhei…
Neurilemma provides regenerative potential
Numb areas can be incorporated into massage without intention…
All of the above; a client might present impaired sensation,…
A progressive degenerative disorder of the brain that is not…
Why does damage to peripheral neurons…
Neurilemma provides regenerative potential
How does numbness influence massage ch…
Numb areas can be incorporated into massage without intention…
62 terms
PATHOLOGY CHAPTER 4
1. The bone is covered on the outer su…
2. The hollow tubelike structure withi…
3. A weblike arrangement of marrow-fil…
4. The secondary ossification center i…
ANSWER A... The periosteum covers the outer surfaces of the bone.
ANSWER B... The hollow, tubelike structure within the diaphysis…
ANSWER C... Cancellous (spongy) bone is composed of a weblike ar…
ANSWER A... Secondary ossification centers appear in the epiphys…
1. The bone is covered on the outer su…
ANSWER A... The periosteum covers the outer surfaces of the bone.
2. The hollow tubelike structure withi…
ANSWER B... The hollow, tubelike structure within the diaphysis…
54 terms
Oral Pathology Chapter 4
Pathogenic
non-pathogenic
In order for a pathogenic microorganis…
The body's defense includes
Microorganism that causes disease
Can't cause disease
gain access and survive the body's defense system
intact skin, mucosal surfaces, normal micro flora, inflammati…
Pathogenic
Microorganism that causes disease
non-pathogenic
Can't cause disease
48 terms
chapter 4 pathology
beginning to slide 7
For TB biospy of oral lesions shows...?
Treatment of TB?
TB incidence has been related to...?
j
granulomas containing causative agents, chronic with areas of…
antituberculosis agents
HIV infection and increased immigration
beginning to slide 7
j
For TB biospy of oral lesions shows...?
granulomas containing causative agents, chronic with areas of…
26 terms
Pathology 408 Chapter 4
Nematode
Stylet
Cuticle
Juvenile
nonsegmented roundworm (animal), parasitic on plants or anima…
stiff, slender, hollow feeding organ of plant-parasitic nemat…
noncellular outer layer of an insect or a nematode; water-rep…
an immature form that appears similar to but usually smaller…
Nematode
nonsegmented roundworm (animal), parasitic on plants or anima…
Stylet
stiff, slender, hollow feeding organ of plant-parasitic nemat…
90 terms
Oral pathology chapter 4
name the difference between the inflam…
name the most common oral infections i…
define opportunistic infections
define humoral immunity
inflammatory is non-specific, it causes the accumulation of w…
bacterial, fungal and viral infection
non-pathogenic organism that cause disease due to oral flora…
the body's defense against some microorganisms by means of an…
name the difference between the inflam…
inflammatory is non-specific, it causes the accumulation of w…
name the most common oral infections i…
bacterial, fungal and viral infection
212 terms
Chapter 4 - GI Pathology
Organ that is responsible for the tran…
Difficulty swallowing, common indicati…
During an esophagram, _______ barium i…
UGI exam studies barium flow from ____…
Esophagus
Dysphagia
Thick, Thin
Esophagus, Stomach, Small Bowel
Organ that is responsible for the tran…
Esophagus
Difficulty swallowing, common indicati…
Dysphagia
189 terms
Pathology - Chapter 4 - Skeletal System
What are the two tissue types for the…
What are the two types of bone?
What are the two types of bone cells?
What is an osteoblast?
Bone... Cartilage
Compact and Cancellous (spongy)
osteoblasts and osteoclasts
produces new bone around the outer surface from the periosteum
What are the two tissue types for the…
Bone... Cartilage
What are the two types of bone?
Compact and Cancellous (spongy)
20 terms
Pathology chapter 4-5
What are the three ways that healing c…
What cells are used in Regeneration?
Describe labile cells.
Describe stable cells.
1. Regeneration... 2. Scarring... 3. Healing patterns
1. labile cells... 2. stable cells... 3. permanent cells
-short lived... -stem cells that easily/continuously regenerate
-long lived... -stem cell that highly regenerate after injury
What are the three ways that healing c…
1. Regeneration... 2. Scarring... 3. Healing patterns
What cells are used in Regeneration?
1. labile cells... 2. stable cells... 3. permanent cells
39 terms
Chapter 4 (oral pathology)
Granuloma
Granulomatous disease
Herpetic whitlow
Incubation period
A tumor-like mass of inflammatory tissue consisting of a cent…
A disease characterized by the formation of granulomas
An infection caused by herpes simplex virus infection that in…
The period between the infection of an individual by a pathog…
Granuloma
A tumor-like mass of inflammatory tissue consisting of a cent…
Granulomatous disease
A disease characterized by the formation of granulomas
46 terms
Pathology: Chapter 4 lesions
impetigo
tonsillitis & pharyngitis
Scarlet fever and Rheumatic fever
Tuberculosis
"daycare disease"; ruptured vesicles leave amber-colored crus…
erythema, hyperplasia, fever, pain in throat caused by strep,…
also has strawberry tongue with prominent papillae, and red s…
shallow or deep, painful, slowly enlarging ulcerations; histo…
impetigo
"daycare disease"; ruptured vesicles leave amber-colored crus…
tonsillitis & pharyngitis
erythema, hyperplasia, fever, pain in throat caused by strep,…
112 terms
Introduction to pathology- chapter 4
A fibrous membrane termed the ______ c…
The main shaftlike portion of bone is…
The ends of bone is called the ______.
The hollow, tubelike structure within…
periosteum
diaphysis
epiphyses
medullary cavity
A fibrous membrane termed the ______ c…
periosteum
The main shaftlike portion of bone is…
diaphysis
51 terms
Chapter 4 - Pathology Terms
acne
actinic keratosis
alopecia
basal cell carcinoma
disease of the sebaceous (oil) glands and hair follicles in t…
precancerous condition in which rough, scaly patches of skin…
autoimmune disease that results in loss of hair
common type of skin cancer that typically appears as a small,…
acne
disease of the sebaceous (oil) glands and hair follicles in t…
actinic keratosis
precancerous condition in which rough, scaly patches of skin…
12 terms
Pathology Chapter 4 Review
Heat, swelling, loss of function, pain…
Age, size, location, nutrition, immobi…
Pain, redness, fever, exudate
Physical barriers, inflammation, immun…
5 signs of inflammation.
6 things that delay wound healing.
4 common symptoms of infection.
3 main defense mechanisms of the body.
Heat, swelling, loss of function, pain…
5 signs of inflammation.
Age, size, location, nutrition, immobi…
6 things that delay wound healing.
23 terms
chapter 4 pathology
bone response to repeated stresses
composed of more than two fragments
discontinuity between two or more frag…
fragment torn from bony process
fatigue
comminuted
complete
avulsion
bone response to repeated stresses
fatigue
composed of more than two fragments
comminuted
29 terms
pathology chapter 4
Body activities and homeostasis and re…
nervous system
endocrine system
hormones
nervous system and endocrine system
creates an immediate but short lived response operating on th…
slightly slower onset and a longer duration of action uses hi…
are chemical messages classified as either amino acid(protein…
Body activities and homeostasis and re…
nervous system and endocrine system
nervous system
creates an immediate but short lived response operating on th…
55 terms
Chapter 4 Pathology Terms
Chiropractic
Orthopedics
Orthotics
Podiatry
Healthcare profession concerned with diagnosis and treatment…
Branch of medicine specializing in the diagnosis and treatmen…
Healthcare profession specializing in making orthopedic appli…
Healthcare profession specializing in diagnosis and treatment…
Chiropractic
Healthcare profession concerned with diagnosis and treatment…
Orthopedics
Branch of medicine specializing in the diagnosis and treatmen…
49 terms
Chapter 4 pathology
the heart has 2 upper chamber, what ar…
the heart has 2 lower chambers, what a…
the left ventricle is _____ and contra…
what is located on the right side of t…
right and left atria
right and left ventricles
thicker
tricuspid valve and pulmonary valve
the heart has 2 upper chamber, what ar…
right and left atria
the heart has 2 lower chambers, what a…
right and left ventricles
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