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Study sets matching "path patho path patho pathy"

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Study sets matching "path patho path patho pathy"

42 terms
Boards- Patho: Endocrine Pathology
ADH (Vasopressin)
Lack of ADH
Diabetes Insipidus
Diabetes Mellitus
conserve H2O in the body via the kidneys, creating a concentr…
results in urinary loss of H2O, dilute urine
characterized by a large volume of dilute urine/ decrease ADH…
Insulin deficiency
ADH (Vasopressin)
conserve H2O in the body via the kidneys, creating a concentr…
Lack of ADH
results in urinary loss of H2O, dilute urine
20 terms
Patho/Pharm: GI Pathology
What composes the Upper GI tract and w…
What composes the Lower GI tract
Describe feature of the Enteric Nervou…
What % of Immune Cells does the gut have
Mouth, esophagus, duodenum, Ingestion and digestion of food
1. Small intestine; digestion and absorption... 2. Large intesti…
500 million neurons ( 1/200 of brain, 5x spinal cord)... Uses mu…
70 to 80%
What composes the Upper GI tract and w…
Mouth, esophagus, duodenum, Ingestion and digestion of food
What composes the Lower GI tract
1. Small intestine; digestion and absorption... 2. Large intesti…
13 terms
Greek Roots: PATH (PATHO, PATHY)
path (patho, pathy)
antipathy
apathy
empathy
"feeling," "suffering," "disease"
aversion ("feeling against"); dislike
lack of feeling emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
the complete understanding of another's feelings, motives, etc.
path (patho, pathy)
"feeling," "suffering," "disease"
antipathy
aversion ("feeling against"); dislike
151 terms
Patho Gastrointestinal Pathology
Hematemesis
Mechanical Disorder
Functional Disorder
4 Signs and Symptoms Common to GI Diso…
-blood in vomit... -may be bright red or have a coffee ground ap…
Usually physical obstruction somewhere in the GI pathway... -->E…
-Nerve or muscle damage... -Organ isn't working properly; at one…
-Anorexia... -Nausea... -Vomiting... -GI Bleeding
Hematemesis
-blood in vomit... -may be bright red or have a coffee ground ap…
Mechanical Disorder
Usually physical obstruction somewhere in the GI pathway... -->E…
64 terms
Pathology: Ch 3 Patho
Recurrent aphthous ulcers are also cal…
Aphthous ulcers are more common in mal…
Causes of aphthous ulcers:
A link between microbes & aphthous ulc…
Canker sores or aphthous stomatitis
Female
Trauma... Certain foods... Menstruation... Tobacco cessation... Emotional…
Has not
Recurrent aphthous ulcers are also cal…
Canker sores or aphthous stomatitis
Aphthous ulcers are more common in mal…
Female
151 terms
Patho Gastrointestinal Pathology
Hematemesis
Mechanical Disorder
Functional Disorder
4 Signs and Symptoms Common to GI Diso…
-blood in vomit... -may be bright red or have a coffee ground ap…
Usually physical obstruction somewhere in the GI pathway... -->E…
-Nerve or muscle damage... -Organ isn't working properly; at one…
-Anorexia... -Nausea... -Vomiting... -GI Bleeding
Hematemesis
-blood in vomit... -may be bright red or have a coffee ground ap…
Mechanical Disorder
Usually physical obstruction somewhere in the GI pathway... -->E…
103 terms
2. Patho: Heart Pathology
Blood flow of the heart
Cardiac arrhythmias
What are cardiac arrhythmias also know…
What are arrhythmias caused from
Vena cava, right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary artery, l…
Disturbances of regular automaticity of cardiac impulse, irre…
Dysrhythmias
Mechanical inefficiency
Blood flow of the heart
Vena cava, right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary artery, l…
Cardiac arrhythmias
Disturbances of regular automaticity of cardiac impulse, irre…
63 terms
Patho: GI Pathology
Upper GI System
Lower GI System
Small intestine
Large intestine
Mouth, esophagus, duodenum; responsible for ingestion and dig…
Small intestine, large intestine, rectum/anus
Digestion and absorption
Absorption of water and electrolytes, storing of waste products
Upper GI System
Mouth, esophagus, duodenum; responsible for ingestion and dig…
Lower GI System
Small intestine, large intestine, rectum/anus
55 terms
Patho: Heart Pathology 2
Endocardial diseases
Types of endocardial diseases
What is infective endocarditis caused by
What are the valves considered in endo…
Disease within the heart, normally the valves
Acute or sub acute, non-infective thrombotic, infective
Acute bacterial infection, strep or staph
Vegetation
Endocardial diseases
Disease within the heart, normally the valves
Types of endocardial diseases
Acute or sub acute, non-infective thrombotic, infective
76 terms
PATHO: Muscle Pathology
what are the difference muscle respons…
necrosis is a common response to muscl…
necrosis is a response to what type of…
necrosis is a response to what type of…
- atrophy... - hypertrophy... - physiologic or hormonal... - prolonged…
primary muscle disease (myopathies)
toxin
structural disturbance (ex: duchenne muscular dystrophy
what are the difference muscle respons…
- atrophy... - hypertrophy... - physiologic or hormonal... - prolonged…
necrosis is a common response to muscl…
primary muscle disease (myopathies)
94 terms
Patho: Heart Pathology 1
Blood flow of the heart
Cardiac arrhythmias
What are cardiac arrhythmias also know…
What are arrhythmias caused from
Vena cava, right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary artery, l…
Disturbances of regular automaticity of cardiac impulse, irre…
Dysrhythmias
Mechanical inefficiency
Blood flow of the heart
Vena cava, right atrium, right ventricle, pulmonary artery, l…
Cardiac arrhythmias
Disturbances of regular automaticity of cardiac impulse, irre…
11 terms
Boards- Patho: Osseous Pathology
Osteoporosis
Osteomalacia
Rickets
Osteomalacia/ Rickets
- decreased bone mass (porous bone)... - bone thinning (decrease…
Soft Bones, caused by a decrease in Vit D (osteoid matrix can…
Osteomalacia in kids (before growth plates fuse)
decreased Ca and Phosphorous, increased Alkaline Phosphate
Osteoporosis
- decreased bone mass (porous bone)... - bone thinning (decrease…
Osteomalacia
Soft Bones, caused by a decrease in Vit D (osteoid matrix can…
67 terms
patho-pulmonary pathology
sign and symptom of pulmonary disease…
dyspnea is the ________ sensation of u…
dyspnea is frequently associated with…
2 major signs of dyspnea:
dyspnea
subjective, unable
anxiety
-flaring of nostrils... -retraction (pulling back) of intercosta…
sign and symptom of pulmonary disease…
dyspnea
dyspnea is the ________ sensation of u…
subjective, unable
28 terms
Boards- Patho: Endocrine Pathology
ADH (Vasopressin)
Lack of ADH
Diabetes Insipidus
Diabetes Mellitus
conserve H2O in the body via the kidneys, creating a concentr…
results in urinary loss of H2O, dilute urine
characterized by a large volume of dilute urine/ decrease ADH…
Insulin deficiency
ADH (Vasopressin)
conserve H2O in the body via the kidneys, creating a concentr…
Lack of ADH
results in urinary loss of H2O, dilute urine
12 terms
PATH, PATHO, PATHY
Antipathy
Apathy
Empathy
Pathetic
aversion (" feeling against"); dislike (ant. sympathy)
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
the complete understanding of another's feelings, motives, etc.
arousing pity
Antipathy
aversion (" feeling against"); dislike (ant. sympathy)
Apathy
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
13 terms
PATH/ PATHO/ PATHY
PATH PATHO PATHY
antipathy
apathy
empathy
feeling suffering disease
aversion feeling against
lack of feeling emotion interest or excitement indifference
The complete understanding of another's feelings motives
PATH PATHO PATHY
feeling suffering disease
antipathy
aversion feeling against
13 terms
Path, Patho, Pathy
antipathy
apathy
empathy
pathetic
aversion; dislike (opposite is sympathy)
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement
complete understanding of another's feelings, motives, etc.
arousing pity
antipathy
aversion; dislike (opposite is sympathy)
apathy
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement
13 terms
path ( patho pathy)
path ( patho pathy)
anitpathy
apathy
empathy
feeling, suffering, disease
dislike
lack of feeling, emotion
complete undersanding of anothers feelings
path ( patho pathy)
feeling, suffering, disease
anitpathy
dislike
28 terms
Geo, Path, Patho, Pathy
Geocentric
Geodetic
Geography
Geology
Measured from the earth's center
Pertaining to math dealing woth the earth's shape and dimensi…
Study of the earth's surface, climate, continents, people, etc.
Science dealing with rocks and earths history
Geocentric
Measured from the earth's center
Geodetic
Pertaining to math dealing woth the earth's shape and dimensi…
17 terms
23. Path, Patho, Pathy
Feeling, suffering, disease
Antipathy
Sympathy
Apathy
What does path, patho, and pathy mean?
Aversion ("feeling against"); dislike
What is the antonym of antipathy?
Lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
Feeling, suffering, disease
What does path, patho, and pathy mean?
Antipathy
Aversion ("feeling against"); dislike
24 terms
PATH/PATHO/PATHY
Antipathy
Apathy
Empathy
Pathetic
Aversion; dislike
Lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
The complete understanding of another's feelings, motives
Arousing pity
Antipathy
Aversion; dislike
Apathy
Lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
12 terms
Path, Patho, Pathy: "feeling"
antipathy
apathy
empathy
pathetic
aversion, dislike
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement
the complete understanding of another's feelings, motives
arousing pity
antipathy
aversion, dislike
apathy
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement
Path (patho, pathy)
path
antipathy
apathy
empathy
feeling, suffering; disease
aversion
lack of feeling
the complete understanding of another's feelings
path
feeling, suffering; disease
antipathy
aversion
12 terms
Path (Patho, Pathy)
antipathy
apathy
empathy
pathetic
aversion ("feeling against"); dislike (ant. sympathy)
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
complete understanding of another's feelings, motives, etc.
arousing pity
antipathy
aversion ("feeling against"); dislike (ant. sympathy)
apathy
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
14 terms
Path (patho, pathy)
Feeling, suffering 2. Disease
Antipathy
Apathy
Empathy
Path means
Aversion ("feeling against"); dislike
Lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
Complete understanding of another's feelings, motives, etc.
Feeling, suffering 2. Disease
Path means
Antipathy
Aversion ("feeling against"); dislike
15 terms
PATH (PATHO, PATHY)
PATH (PATHO, PATHY)
ANTIPATHY (n)
APATHY (n)
EMPATHY (n)
1. "feeling" "suffering"... 2. "disease"
aversion (feeling against); dislike... ant - sympathy
lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indifference
the complete understanding of another's feelings, motives, etc
PATH (PATHO, PATHY)
1. "feeling" "suffering"... 2. "disease"
ANTIPATHY (n)
aversion (feeling against); dislike... ant - sympathy
22 terms
Patho - respiratory system pathology
rhinitis
non allergic rhinitis
allergic rhinitis
sinusitis
Inflammation of the mucosa of nasal cavities
Viral : "Common cold" - adenoviruses, rhinoviruses, corona vi…
mediated by IgE (Type I hypersensitivity immune reaction)... Tri…
Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses... Serious threat due to a…
rhinitis
Inflammation of the mucosa of nasal cavities
non allergic rhinitis
Viral : "Common cold" - adenoviruses, rhinoviruses, corona vi…
41 terms
Patho - Vascular Pathology
Blood vessels have three layers
intima
media
adventitia
- intima ... - Media... - Adventitia
single layer of endothelial cells... minimal underlying subendot…
smooth muscle cells ... inner 1/3 receives nutrient from the lum…
connective tissue network ... vaso vasorum that supplies adventi…
Blood vessels have three layers
- intima ... - Media... - Adventitia
intima
single layer of endothelial cells... minimal underlying subendot…
13 terms
path (patho, pathy)
path (patho, pathy)
antipathy
apathy
empathy
feeling, suffering; disease
an aversion (feeling against); dislike
a lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or excitement; indiffer…
the complete understanding of another's feelings, motives, etc.
path (patho, pathy)
feeling, suffering; disease
antipathy
an aversion (feeling against); dislike
63 terms
PATHO- cardio pathology
Vericose Veins
Chronic venous insufficiency
Deep vein thrombosis
Virchows triad (DVT)
-blood isn't being moved due to decrease muscle contraction (…
Decreased venous return back to the heart... Hypoxia, necrosis,…
Blood sits and pools, begins to clot... Creates a backflow which…
1. Circulatory stasis... 2. Endothelial damage... 3. Hypercoaguable
Vericose Veins
-blood isn't being moved due to decrease muscle contraction (…
Chronic venous insufficiency
Decreased venous return back to the heart... Hypoxia, necrosis,…
10 terms
PATH (PATHO, PATHY)- disease
homeopathy
osteopathy
osteopath
pathology
medical practice that treats disease by administering minute…
treatment of disease by manipulation of bones, muscles, nerve…
a practitioner of osteopathy
branch of medicine dealing with the nature of disease
homeopathy
medical practice that treats disease by administering minute…
osteopathy
treatment of disease by manipulation of bones, muscles, nerve…
105 terms
patho: environmental pathology
removal of inhaled particles (3)
___largest preventable cause of premat…
effect of smoking on survival
effect of the below substances in toba…
•removal by lymphatics... •by mucociliary escalator ... •intra-alve…
cigarette smoking
7.5 year difference ... *ie increased morbidity/mortality
•carcinogenesis... •carcinogenesis... •ganglionic stimulation, •dep…
removal of inhaled particles (3)
•removal by lymphatics... •by mucociliary escalator ... •intra-alve…
___largest preventable cause of premat…
cigarette smoking
84 terms
Patho (W2): MUSCULOSKELETAL PATHOLOGY
More than ____% of injuries in the US…
as PTs, why is musculoskeletal patholo…
preclinical disability (def)
what are 3 early signs to see is someo…
50%
because pathology often leads to some degree of immobilizatio…
progressive and detectable, but recognizable decline in physi…
- dec ability to perform mobility tasks and ADLs needed to ma…
More than ____% of injuries in the US…
50%
as PTs, why is musculoskeletal patholo…
because pathology often leads to some degree of immobilizatio…
34 terms
Patho Midterm- Cell Pathology
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Metaplasia
Decrease in cell size or cell shrinkage... Causes: disuse, dener…
Increase in cell size in organ or tissue (additional actin/my…
Increase in cell number in organ/tissue... Occurs in tissues wit…
Reversible change in which one adult cell type is replaces by…
Atrophy
Decrease in cell size or cell shrinkage... Causes: disuse, dener…
Hypertrophy
Increase in cell size in organ or tissue (additional actin/my…
Patho Perinatal/ Neonatal Pathology
when an infant is small for gestationa…
-inability of the uterus to hold fetus…
-placenta impedes... -mother not nutritio…
when I a baby considered premature
IUGR Physiology
risk factors for IUGR
causes of IUGR (intrauterine growth retardation)
before 37 weeks
when an infant is small for gestationa…
IUGR Physiology
-inability of the uterus to hold fetus…
risk factors for IUGR
43 terms
Patho II Cervical Spine Pathology
Pathologies of the Cervical Spine
What is cervical radiculopathy?
Causes of cervical radiculopathy
Characteristics of nerve root entrapme…
- radiculopathy... - cericogenic/ cerviotrigeminal HA... - fx... - mus…
nerve root entrapment or irritation
- DDD... - disc herniation... - space occupying lesion (CA or cyst,…
- sensory changes... - weakness... - DTR
Pathologies of the Cervical Spine
- radiculopathy... - cericogenic/ cerviotrigeminal HA... - fx... - mus…
What is cervical radiculopathy?
nerve root entrapment or irritation
90 terms
Patho - Cardio Physiology and Pathology
Main objective of the heart
Superior vena cava -> R atrium -> Tric…
SA Node
Heart relaxed
To get oxygen and nutrients to body tissue aka perfusion
Flow of blood through heart (Starting with superior vena cava
AKA pacemaker; specialized electro-generating cells that auto…
AV Valves stay open; blood is passively moving into the ventr…
Main objective of the heart
To get oxygen and nutrients to body tissue aka perfusion
Superior vena cava -> R atrium -> Tric…
Flow of blood through heart (Starting with superior vena cava
14 terms
Patho - Female Pathology
Most important agent in cervical oncog…
HPV DNA is present in ____% of cervica…
Low risk HPV serotype
High risk HPV serotype
HPV
> 95%
6, 11... 90% of condyloma acuminatum (venereal warts)
16, 18... 70% of cervical cancer
Most important agent in cervical oncog…
HPV
HPV DNA is present in ____% of cervica…
> 95%
80 terms
Patho W11a: GI Pathology
Where esophagus px referred to
Where is heart px referred to
Where is Stomach px referred to
Where is Gallbladder and Liver px refe…
Midsternal position
Slightly offset to the left
Left Upper Quadrant & Posteriorly
Right upper quadrant, sometimes Gallbladder px can come aroun…
Where esophagus px referred to
Midsternal position
Where is heart px referred to
Slightly offset to the left
40 terms
Patho W13: Cardiovascular Pathology
What are the signs & symptoms of CVD
What are the signs & symptoms of CVD i…
What are the signs & symptoms of CVD i…
What are the signs & symptoms of CVD i…
1. Weakness ... 2. Fatigue... 3. Weight Change... 4. Exercise Intolera…
1. Pressure Ulcers... 2. Loss of body hair... 3. Cyanosis
1. Headaches... 2. Syncope... 3. Impaired Vision
1. Productive Cough... 2. SOB
What are the signs & symptoms of CVD
1. Weakness ... 2. Fatigue... 3. Weight Change... 4. Exercise Intolera…
What are the signs & symptoms of CVD i…
1. Pressure Ulcers... 2. Loss of body hair... 3. Cyanosis
25 terms
Geo- and Path(Patho)(Pathy)
geo
geocentric
geodetic
geography
earth, ground
measured from the earths center; having the earth as a center
pertaining to geodesy(mathematics dealing with the earths sha…
study of earths surface, climate, continents, people, product…
geo
earth, ground
geocentric
measured from the earths center; having the earth as a center
63 terms
Patho - Ch. 5 pathologies
Spondylosis
Spondylosis
Spondylosis
Spondylolysis
Degenerative; disease affecting intervertebral discs of the s…
Etiology: Patients may have history of poor posture due to pr…
PT Intervention: fix posture
Defect in the pars interarticularis of the vertebrae of the l…
Spondylosis
Degenerative; disease affecting intervertebral discs of the s…
Spondylosis
Etiology: Patients may have history of poor posture due to pr…
31 terms
patho - musculoskeletal pathology - chapter 13
Type I muscle fibers are slow twitch w…
Type IIa muscle fibers are __________…
Type IIb are fast twitch which means t…
anaerobic = _______________... aerobic =…
fatigue resistant; aerobic
faster; fatigue resistant
fatigue; anaerobic
strength... endurance
Type I muscle fibers are slow twitch w…
fatigue resistant; aerobic
Type IIa muscle fibers are __________…
faster; fatigue resistant
13 terms
Patho - Ch 6 Pathologies
juvenile idiopathic arthritis
39 2 rash retardation
unknown
marie-strumpell disease
Another name for Still's disease is:
Characteristics of Stills disease: Fever of ______ degrees ce…
The etiology of JRA and stills disease is __________.
Another name for Ankylosing Spondylitis is:
juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Another name for Still's disease is:
39 2 rash retardation
Characteristics of Stills disease: Fever of ______ degrees ce…
21 terms
Patho Test 3: GI Pathology
GI Pathology
Esophagus: dysphagia
Esophagus: diffuse esophagus spasm
Reflux Esophagitis (heart burn)
GI goes from mouth to anus
Dysphagia: difficulty swallowing past the pharynx... -can be ind…
We've had this a few times: accidentally swallowed a small pi…
Most common problem with the esophagus; literally your esopha…
GI Pathology
GI goes from mouth to anus
Esophagus: dysphagia
Dysphagia: difficulty swallowing past the pharynx... -can be ind…
11 terms
Pathology 1st exam (Intro to Patho)
4 humors
Balance vs. Imbalance
4 Main parts of Pathology
19 Century
Cold... Wet... Dry... Hot
Healthy vs. Disease
-Etiology... -Pathogenesis... -Lesions... -Diagnosis
Pasteur... Koch... *Germinology... *Bacteriology
4 humors
Cold... Wet... Dry... Hot
Balance vs. Imbalance
Healthy vs. Disease
55 terms
3. Patho: heart pathology cont.
Endocardial diseases
Types of endocardial diseases
What is infective endocarditis caused by
What are the valves considered in endo…
Disease within the heart, normally the valves
Acute or sub acute, non-infective thrombotic, infective
Acute bacterial infection, strep or staph
Vegetation
Endocardial diseases
Disease within the heart, normally the valves
Types of endocardial diseases
Acute or sub acute, non-infective thrombotic, infective
37 terms
Patho Exam 4- MS pathology
Cartilage forming tumors
Osteochondroma
Chondroma
Chondrosarcoma
produce hyaline or myxoid cartilage
benign at metaphysis of long bones... cartilage cupped tumors at…
benign... neoplasm of hyaline cartilage
painful... pelvis, shoulder ribs... expansive glistening mass
Cartilage forming tumors
produce hyaline or myxoid cartilage
Osteochondroma
benign at metaphysis of long bones... cartilage cupped tumors at…
41 terms
Patho 3 Presentations and Pathologies
T/F: overmedication occurs from having…
RBC shape names
normal blood smear apearance
purple staining cells
False. occurs from having too little. less albumin = more fre…
corpuscle or biconclave disc
all RBC consistent in size and color, can look slightly pale…
basophils ( basophilia )
T/F: overmedication occurs from having…
False. occurs from having too little. less albumin = more fre…
RBC shape names
corpuscle or biconclave disc
45 terms
Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Pathology- Patho class
What is anemia?
Anemia clinical feature
What is Thalassemia
Who is affected Thalassemia more often?
A decrease in red blood cell volume (hematocrit), or concentr…
• Pallor of the skin or mucosa... • Brittle, spoon-shaped nails…
• Inherited disorder of hemoglobin synthesis... • Similar to sic…
Mediterranean, African, Indian, and Southeast Asians
What is anemia?
A decrease in red blood cell volume (hematocrit), or concentr…
Anemia clinical feature
• Pallor of the skin or mucosa... • Brittle, spoon-shaped nails…
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