Study sets matching "patho"

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Study sets matching "patho"

22 terms
Pathology
Pathology
Etiology
Pahtogenesis
Adaptation
The study of disease
The genetic and acquired causes of disease
The sequence or development of disease
Response to a physiologic or pathologic stimulus that results…
Pathology
The study of disease
Etiology
The genetic and acquired causes of disease
73 terms
Pathology
pathology
pathological
disease
cause
the study of all aspects of disease/illness/dysfunction
the aberrant process underlying a disorder
an abnormality of structure and/or function within the body.
the agent or injury that initiates a lesion
pathology
the study of all aspects of disease/illness/dysfunction
pathological
the aberrant process underlying a disorder
94 terms
Pathology
Progressive degenerative disease of th…
Progressive disease that begins in the…
Symptom rather than a disease in it-se…
Delicate dilation or out pouching in a…
Alzheimer's Disease
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Anemia
Aneurysm
Progressive degenerative disease of th…
Alzheimer's Disease
Progressive disease that begins in the…
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
19 terms
Pathology
Pyknosis
Karyolysis
Karyorrhexis
Hypertrophy
Shrunken Nucleus
Faded Nucleus
Fragmented Nucleus
Bigger Cells
Pyknosis
Shrunken Nucleus
Karyolysis
Faded Nucleus
pathology
immunity
nonspecific defense
specific defense
physical and chemical barriers
the ability of the body to defend itself against infectious a…
these mechanisms are effective against any foreign agent that…
the mechanisms are effective against particular identified fo…
intact skins is the body's first line of defense. secretions…
immunity
the ability of the body to defend itself against infectious a…
nonspecific defense
these mechanisms are effective against any foreign agent that…
15 terms
Pathology
Cervical (Pap) smear
Blood count
Urinalysis
Fecal occult blood test
Cervical cancer
Anemia, leukemia
Kidney disease
Colon cancer
Cervical (Pap) smear
Cervical cancer
Blood count
Anemia, leukemia
Pathology
Lesion
Surgical oral pathology
Clinical oral pathology
Leukoplakia
any clinical or molecular abnormality
interpret surgical biopsies
when you see patients
white lesion
Lesion
any clinical or molecular abnormality
Surgical oral pathology
interpret surgical biopsies
Pathology
A tumor focus
A focal tumor
An overlapping tumor
A contiguous tumor... Hint: coffee spills
is a term used by pathologists to describe a group of cells t…
is limited to one specific area or organ.
involves adjacent sites (next to each other) and the tumor is…
involves, invades, or bridges adjacent sites or subsites..
A tumor focus
is a term used by pathologists to describe a group of cells t…
A focal tumor
is limited to one specific area or organ.
Pathology
Adenosis
Adenosclerosis
Adenomalacia
Adenoma
Any disease condition of a gland
Abnormal hardening of a gland
Abnormal softening of the gland
Benign tumor in which cells form a recognizable glandular str…
Adenosis
Any disease condition of a gland
Adenosclerosis
Abnormal hardening of a gland
73 terms
pathology
etiology
pathogenesis
symptoms
signs
study of the causes of disease
sequence of events that takes place ultimately to render the…
changes are perceived to the patient
visual abnormal changes in the patient that may be interprete…
etiology
study of the causes of disease
pathogenesis
sequence of events that takes place ultimately to render the…
22 terms
Pathology
Cell membrane
Mitochondria
Endoplamic reticulum
Golgi complex
Consist of proteins and lipids... Selectively permeable - cont…
Site of cellular respiration ... Atp is synthesis ( energy for…
Rough ER is involved with the manufacturing of protein and ha…
Series of folded membranes that deal with enzymes... Proteins a…
Cell membrane
Consist of proteins and lipids... Selectively permeable - cont…
Mitochondria
Site of cellular respiration ... Atp is synthesis ( energy for…
14 terms
Pathology
nephrotic syndrome diagnostic
pyelonephritis (Vietnamese)
nephritis
nephrosclerosis (Vietnamese)
massive proteinuria... hypoalbuminemia... hyperlipidemia & lipiduri…
Viêm bể thận
Hematuria/Oliguria/Hypertension
Xơ cứng thận
nephrotic syndrome diagnostic
massive proteinuria... hypoalbuminemia... hyperlipidemia & lipiduri…
pyelonephritis (Vietnamese)
Viêm bể thận
15 terms
Pathology
pathology
disease
functional disease
etiology or etiologic agent
study of disease
any change to the structure or function of the body
disease not associated with any recognizable structural chang…
cause of a diease
pathology
study of disease
disease
any change to the structure or function of the body
Pathology
Metastatic calcification
Necrosis
Gangrene
Oedema
Hypercalcemia
Cell death
Necrosis followed by putrefaction
Abnormal Accumulation of fluids
Metastatic calcification
Hypercalcemia
Necrosis
Cell death
46 terms
Pathology
Hemoptysis
Hematemesis
Melena
Hematoma
Hemorrhage from bronchial/lung, bleed from mouth; bright red
Hemorrhage from esophagus/stomach/duodenum, bleed from mouth:…
Hemorrhage from alimentary tract, bleed from anus; dark brown
Hemorrhage into soft tissue
Hemoptysis
Hemorrhage from bronchial/lung, bleed from mouth; bright red
Hematemesis
Hemorrhage from esophagus/stomach/duodenum, bleed from mouth:…
176 terms
pathology
elastic
coronary
renal
aorta
able to stretch and return to its original size and shape
connected with the heart, particularly the arteries that take…
relating to or involving the kidneys
the main artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest…
elastic
able to stretch and return to its original size and shape
coronary
connected with the heart, particularly the arteries that take…
39 terms
Pathology
Dyspnea
Apnea
Hyperpnea
Cheyne- Stokes Respiration
Shortness of breath
A period of time during which breathing stops or is markedly…
Energetic (deep and rapid) respiration that occurs normally a…
Abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by oscillation of…
Dyspnea
Shortness of breath
Apnea
A period of time during which breathing stops or is markedly…
106 terms
Pathology
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Disease
Illness
Study of the nature and course of disease and its impact on b…
The study of how normal physiological processes are altered b…
Measured by objective data; significant physiological change;…
Subjective; individuals perception of not feeling well and th…
Pathology
Study of the nature and course of disease and its impact on b…
Pathophysiology
The study of how normal physiological processes are altered b…
Pathology
Acne Rosacea
Acne Vulgaris
Acne Vulgaris Types
Fungal Skin Infections
Idiopathic (don't know) chronic skin condition. - risks : may…
Bacterial infections/ face, neck,upper back. Overactive sebac…
pimples (infections below skin) cysts (dermis superficial fos…
superficial fungal infections. Meiosis, dermatophytosis, ring…
Acne Rosacea
Idiopathic (don't know) chronic skin condition. - risks : may…
Acne Vulgaris
Bacterial infections/ face, neck,upper back. Overactive sebac…
26 terms
Pathology
Adaptation
Hypertrophy
permanent tissue cannot make new cells
pathologic hyperplasia
reversible functional and structural responses to changes in…
increase in the size of cells by increasing workload. ... Growth…
undergo hypertrophy only ... eg. cardiac myocyte, skeletal muscl…
endometrial hyperplasia if overexposed to estrogen for a long…
Adaptation
reversible functional and structural responses to changes in…
Hypertrophy
increase in the size of cells by increasing workload. ... Growth…
Pathology
Dysraphic abnormality
Involution failure
Atresia
Ectopia
•Opposing structures fail to fuse
•Residual embryonic structures
•Lumen fails to form; tube is constricted/solid/obstructed
•Structures develop away from normal site
Dysraphic abnormality
•Opposing structures fail to fuse
Involution failure
•Residual embryonic structures
33 terms
Pathology
adverse effect
what are some MT-related adverse effects
evidence-informed practice
infectious agents
a harmful or undesired outcome from some intervention
minor muscle soreness, not risk free
the use of client goals and values, practitioner judgement, r…
prions, viruses, bacteria, fungi, animal parasites
adverse effect
a harmful or undesired outcome from some intervention
what are some MT-related adverse effects
minor muscle soreness, not risk free
34 terms
Pathology
Pathology
Aetiology
Pathogenesis
Natural history of disease
Scientific study of disease, especially structural and functi…
Cause of disease
Sequence of events (development and evolution) of a disease,…
Usual course of the disease from beginning to end, without tr…
Pathology
Scientific study of disease, especially structural and functi…
Aetiology
Cause of disease
Pathology
Path/o
Eti/o
Onc/o
Adeno
Disease
To cause
Tumor/cancer
Gland
Path/o
Disease
Eti/o
To cause
36 terms
Pathology
5 types of pathogens
Piron
Virus
Bacteria
Virus... Fungi... Bacteria... Pirons... Animal parasite
Malformed protiens in neurons that block normal neural functi…
DNA or RNA wrapped in protein shell. Invades cells and uses t…
Single celled organism, some are benificail.
5 types of pathogens
Virus... Fungi... Bacteria... Pirons... Animal parasite
Piron
Malformed protiens in neurons that block normal neural functi…
pathology
Edema
Normal capillary filtration
edema occurs mostly in
edema based on location
Diagnostics:... 1. heart: chest pain, dyspnea... 2. liver: jaundice…
hydrostatic pressure in tissues: 3mm Hg... hydrostatic pressure…
subcutaneous tissue, lungs and brain
- pleural space: pleural effusion (hydrothorax)... - pericardium…
Edema
Diagnostics:... 1. heart: chest pain, dyspnea... 2. liver: jaundice…
Normal capillary filtration
hydrostatic pressure in tissues: 3mm Hg... hydrostatic pressure…
358 terms
Pathology
Macule
Patch
Erosion
Ulcer
A circumscribed non-raised area of epidermis altered in color…
A circumscribed pigmented or textured area larger than a macule
A denudation of epithelium above the basal cell layer
A loss of epithelium that extends below the basal cell layer
Macule
A circumscribed non-raised area of epidermis altered in color…
Patch
A circumscribed pigmented or textured area larger than a macule
25 terms
Pathology
Hemorrhages may be external or the blo…
Localized____ results from an inflamma…
____ are highly malignant tumors from…
The presence of ___ bacteria leads to…
Hematoma
Edema
Sarcoma
pyogenic
Hemorrhages may be external or the blo…
Hematoma
Localized____ results from an inflamma…
Edema
91 terms
Pathology
cachexia
neoplasms/tumors
neoplasm/tumor
oncology
general state of ill-health often associated will emaciation;…
new abnormal formation of tissue as a tumor or growth
excessive and uncontrolled x of cells
study of neoplasms/tumors
cachexia
general state of ill-health often associated will emaciation;…
neoplasms/tumors
new abnormal formation of tissue as a tumor or growth
122 terms
Pathology
Name 2 main fixatives
Required equipment for necropsy
Ideal Sample Size & exclusions
11 steps to necropsy
10% buffered formalin & Alcohol
1) Sharp Knife (something to sharpen it with) ... 2) Tissue Forc…
-5-6mm in width in general, ... -spleen and liver smaller pieces…
1) external examination ... 2) body weight... 3) position in R Late…
Name 2 main fixatives
10% buffered formalin & Alcohol
Required equipment for necropsy
1) Sharp Knife (something to sharpen it with) ... 2) Tissue Forc…
63 terms
Pathology
Importancs of Autopsy
Rudolf Virchow
Predisposing conditions of etiology
Causes
•Confirm or alter the clinical diagnosis and treatment of the…
•German professor of pathology... •All disease is brought about…
•Age... •Race... •Nutrition... •Gender... •Occupation... •Environment... •Emoti…
•Exogenous... •Physical agents... oMechanical (trauma)... oThermal... oRa…
Importancs of Autopsy
•Confirm or alter the clinical diagnosis and treatment of the…
Rudolf Virchow
•German professor of pathology... •All disease is brought about…
Pathology
Aden
Algia
Angi
Arthr
Gland
Pain
Vessel
Joint
Aden
Gland
Algia
Pain
211 terms
Pathology
Etiology
Pathogenesis
Manifestation
Signs
Root cause of something
sequence of steps that leads to disease
signs and symptoms
Objective, physical measures taken on account of the doctor
Etiology
Root cause of something
Pathogenesis
sequence of steps that leads to disease
524 terms
Pathology
liquefactive necrosis
gangrenous necrosis
caseous necrosis
fat necrosis
- brain infarction (ischemic stroke, red neurons!)... - abscess…
- ischemia of lower limb & GI tract (dry gangrene)... - if super…
- soft, friable necrotic tissue with "cottage cheese-like" ap…
- necrotic adipose tissue with chalky-white appearance due to…
liquefactive necrosis
- brain infarction (ischemic stroke, red neurons!)... - abscess…
gangrenous necrosis
- ischemia of lower limb & GI tract (dry gangrene)... - if super…
Pathology
What two categories is medical patholo…
True staging comes from
cytopathology
Surgical pathology
anatomical pathology and clinical pathology
surgical pathology
Example is a FNA, hormone panels cannot be retrieved from thi…
usually preformed by a combination of gross and microscopic e…
What two categories is medical patholo…
anatomical pathology and clinical pathology
True staging comes from
surgical pathology
Pathology
Hyperplasia
Physiological hyperplasia
Pathological hyperplasia
Hypertrophy
An increase in size due to increase in the number of cells…
Hormonal ... Compensatory
Excess hormones or growth factors
An increase in size due to increase in the size of cells du…
Hyperplasia
An increase in size due to increase in the number of cells…
Physiological hyperplasia
Hormonal ... Compensatory
25 terms
Pathology
Psamomma Bodies are seen in what condi…
Top 3 MC cancers in Men and Women
Highest mortality cancers
MC causes of metastasis to the Brain
PSaMMoma:... - Papillary carcinoma of thyroid... - Serous papillary…
1) Prostate/Breast ... 2) Lung ... 3) Colon/rectum
1) Lung... 2) Prostate/Breast... 3) Colon Rectum
Lung > breast > prostate > melanoma > GI... [50% of brain tumor…
Psamomma Bodies are seen in what condi…
PSaMMoma:... - Papillary carcinoma of thyroid... - Serous papillary…
Top 3 MC cancers in Men and Women
1) Prostate/Breast ... 2) Lung ... 3) Colon/rectum
20 terms
Pathology
Pathology
Etiology
Tumour
Pathophysiology
Study of disease
Cause
Abnormal mass
Study of how normal physiological processes are altered by di…
Pathology
Study of disease
Etiology
Cause
Pathology
Etiology
Chronic
Pathologist
Epidemiologist
The study of what causes a disease
Persisting for a long time
Specialize in diagnosis
Specialize in studying patterns
Etiology
The study of what causes a disease
Chronic
Persisting for a long time
93 terms
Pathology
Forest Pathology
study of Tree diseases
Disease
Localized disease
study of biotic and abiotic agents affecting the health of fo…
predicting and preventing/mininizing damage done
deviation in the "normal" functioning of a plant cause by som…
one part of the plant
Forest Pathology
study of biotic and abiotic agents affecting the health of fo…
study of Tree diseases
predicting and preventing/mininizing damage done
40 terms
pathology
lesion
erosion
ulcer
macule
pathologic alteration of tissue
patrol loss of upper layer epithelium... red
loss of epithelium yielding a punched out shallow or deep are…
flat spot, stain or blemish on the mucosa. ... may be red, blue,…
lesion
pathologic alteration of tissue
erosion
patrol loss of upper layer epithelium... red
173 terms
Pathology
Pathogenius
Homeostasis
Disease
Disease usually begins at the cell
The pathologic physiologic or bio chemical mechanism that cau…
The state of equilibrium in the body with respect to function…
Disease is or disorder of body functions. Systems and organs.…
Injury inflammation, allergic, mutation from environmental fa…
Pathogenius
The pathologic physiologic or bio chemical mechanism that cau…
Homeostasis
The state of equilibrium in the body with respect to function…
Pathology
chronic autoimmune thyroid
grave's disease
hyperparathyroidism
hypoparathyroidism
causes hypothyroidism, weakness, fatigue
immune system disorder that causes hyperthyroidism ... much mor…
signs/symptoms... -increase bone resorption ... -increased calcium…
signs/symptoms... -decreased bone resorption... -decreased calcium…
chronic autoimmune thyroid
causes hypothyroidism, weakness, fatigue
grave's disease
immune system disorder that causes hyperthyroidism ... much mor…
78 terms
Pathology
-adenoma
-carcinoma, -sarcoma
-oma
cancerous tumors
benign tumor (non cancerous)
malignant tumor (cancerous)... grow quickly
cancer
continue to grow as long as person is alive
-adenoma
benign tumor (non cancerous)
-carcinoma, -sarcoma
malignant tumor (cancerous)... grow quickly
PATHOLOGY
tay-sachs is found prodomintely found…
tay sachs progressively destroys
tay sachs begins around what age
this enzyme is defective/mutation
ashkenazi jews
nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord
3 to 6 months
hexosamindase A
tay-sachs is found prodomintely found…
ashkenazi jews
tay sachs progressively destroys
nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord
23 terms
Pathology
Osteoarthritis
Paget's disease
Legg-Clave-Perthes
Osgood Schlatter's Disease
Most common form of arthritis... -wear and tear of joints
wool appearance radiographically (calus)... - unknown cause of m…
flattening of the femoral head... -osteocytes in femoral head ar…
- muscle pulling bone away
Osteoarthritis
Most common form of arthritis... -wear and tear of joints
Paget's disease
wool appearance radiographically (calus)... - unknown cause of m…
49 terms
Pathology
Parts of Blood
Parts of Plasma
Common Tests
Where is fluid restricted to?
Erythrocytes (RBCs)... Leukocytes (WBCs)... Platelets (Thrombocytes…
Proteins... Electrolytes... Antibodies... Nutrients... Waste... Clotting Fac…
CBC: Complete Blood Count... Chemistry: test for enzyme/ chemica…
Intravascular... Interstitial... Intracellular
Parts of Blood
Erythrocytes (RBCs)... Leukocytes (WBCs)... Platelets (Thrombocytes…
Parts of Plasma
Proteins... Electrolytes... Antibodies... Nutrients... Waste... Clotting Fac…
85 terms
Pathology
Etiology
Pathogenesis
Diagnosis
Prognosis
The study of cause of disease
Study of the cause of the disease
Scientific methods used to establish the presence of a disease
Expected outcome ... *Complete recovery, death
Etiology
The study of cause of disease
Pathogenesis
Study of the cause of the disease
185 terms
Pathology
Alveoli
URTI
Pleurisy
Emphyema
Exchange of gases. Grapes shaped clusters of epithelial bubbl…
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection... Synonym-common cold
An extreme case of pneumonia. Scar tissue develops b/w layers…
Infection of the lungs (pneumonia) caused by the fluid found…
Alveoli
Exchange of gases. Grapes shaped clusters of epithelial bubbl…
URTI
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection... Synonym-common cold
186 terms
Pathology
Chelioschisis
Palatoschisis
Brachygnatia superior
Brachygnatia inferior
Cleft lip
~ cleft palate
shortness of the maxilla
shortness of the mandible ("parrot mouth"/micrognathia)
Chelioschisis
Cleft lip
Palatoschisis
~ cleft palate
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