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Study sets matching "pathogenic microbiology"

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Study sets matching "pathogenic microbiology"

91 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology
M cells
PAMP's
PAMP receptors
LPS receptors detect:
.Embedded in mucous membranes to survey for pathogens.By Endo…
Pathogen Associated Molecular Patterns... On the pathogen
on phagocytes, Toll like Receptors (TLR's) and LPS receptors
gram negative bacteria
M cells
.Embedded in mucous membranes to survey for pathogens.By Endo…
PAMP's
Pathogen Associated Molecular Patterns... On the pathogen
362 terms
Pathogenic microbiology
Koch's postulates: definition of a pat…
Viruses
Seven key questions when determining m…
Bacterial structure
- regularly associated with the... disease and its characteristi…
- smaller than most recognized microorganisms (18-600 nm)... - h…
1. what is the most likely clinical manifestation?... 2. what is…
- cell membrane (site of cellular respiration, lacks choleste…
Koch's postulates: definition of a pat…
- regularly associated with the... disease and its characteristi…
Viruses
- smaller than most recognized microorganisms (18-600 nm)... - h…
48 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology
M cells
PAMP's
PAMP receptors
LPS receptors detect:
cells that interact with and aide macrophages. Allows macroph…
Pathogen Associated Molecular Patterns... On the pathogen
on phagocytes, Toll like Receptors (TLR's) and LPS receptors
gram negative bacteria
M cells
cells that interact with and aide macrophages. Allows macroph…
PAMP's
Pathogen Associated Molecular Patterns... On the pathogen
20 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology
M cells
PAMP's
PAMP receptors
LPS receptors detect:
cells that interact with and aide macrophages. Allows macroph…
Pathogen Associated Molecular Patterns... On the pathogen
on phagocytes, Toll like Receptors (TLR's) and LPS receptors
gram negative bacteria
M cells
cells that interact with and aide macrophages. Allows macroph…
PAMP's
Pathogen Associated Molecular Patterns... On the pathogen
49 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology
infection
disease
pathogen
virulence
microbes living on or in the host
infection that causes harm
disease causing organism
degree of pathogenesis
infection
microbes living on or in the host
disease
infection that causes harm
73 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology
DNA
Gyrase
Okazaki Fragments
Operator
...
...
...
...
DNA
...
Gyrase
...
119 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology
common events leading to disease
primary pathogen
opportunistic pathogen
Non-pathogen
1. encounter... 2. entry... 3. attachment... 4. evade host defense... 5.…
capable of causing disease with healthy immune system... Ex: sta…
rarely causes disease in a healthy person... Ex: staphylococcus…
most are non pathogenic
common events leading to disease
1. encounter... 2. entry... 3. attachment... 4. evade host defense... 5.…
primary pathogen
capable of causing disease with healthy immune system... Ex: sta…
123 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology
infection
disease
pathogen
virulence
microbes living on or in the host
infection that causes harm
disease causing organism
degree of pathogenesis
infection
microbes living on or in the host
disease
infection that causes harm
142 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology
Hippocratic system of Medicine
What spread contagions pre 1960's?
Van Leeuwenhoek
Lazzaro Spallanzai
All infectious disease has a natural cause... Individuals vary i…
Dangerous night air, Miasmas, fomites, water
invented the microscope.
Attempted to disprove spontaneous generation
Hippocratic system of Medicine
All infectious disease has a natural cause... Individuals vary i…
What spread contagions pre 1960's?
Dangerous night air, Miasmas, fomites, water
347 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology
most commonly used inhibitors of cell…
penicillins and cephalosporins are typ…
cell wall biosynthesis inhibitors that…
________ ___________ of penicillins mu…
Beta lactams and glycopeptides
cell wall beta lactams
penicillins
Beta lactams
most commonly used inhibitors of cell…
Beta lactams and glycopeptides
penicillins and cephalosporins are typ…
cell wall beta lactams
183 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology
3 groups of Mycobacteria?
3 Tuberculosis-causing sp
3 types of nontuberculosis
Photochromogens
1. Tuberculosis... 2.Nontuberculosis... 3. Noncultivatable
M. tuberculosis... M. bovis... M. africanium
Photochromogens... Scotochromogens... Nonchromogens
pigmented with light
3 groups of Mycobacteria?
1. Tuberculosis... 2.Nontuberculosis... 3. Noncultivatable
3 Tuberculosis-causing sp
M. tuberculosis... M. bovis... M. africanium
123 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology
infection
disease
pathogen
virulence
microbes living on or in the host
infection that causes harm
disease causing organism
degree of pathogenesis
infection
microbes living on or in the host
disease
infection that causes harm
17 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology
Nosocomial infections
Antibiotic used when Methicillin/Penic…
Reasons for emerging/re-emerging disea…
Errors in Med. Community way of thinki…
Infect immune compromised patients, or after surgers
Vancomycin
Bacteria in constant genetic change, human-human contact/crow…
Assumed finite # of bacteria pathogens, and that all known ba…
Nosocomial infections
Infect immune compromised patients, or after surgers
Antibiotic used when Methicillin/Penic…
Vancomycin
28 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology Lab Final
MacConkey Agar
EMB
Salmonella Shigella Agar
Hektoen Enteric Agar
Selective: for enteric Bile salts & Crystal violet, inhibit g…
Eosin Methylene Blue Agar... selective for enterics: Aniline dye…
Selective: bile salts and brilliant green dye, selects agains…
Selective: bile salts and acid fuchsin, inhibit gram +... Differ…
MacConkey Agar
Selective: for enteric Bile salts & Crystal violet, inhibit g…
EMB
Eosin Methylene Blue Agar... selective for enterics: Aniline dye…
166 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology Exam 1
Upper respiratory infections
Otitis Media: ear infections
Pneumonia
Eye Infections
1. Streptococcus pyogenes... 2. Streptococcus pneumonia... 3. Haemo…
1. Streptococcus pneumonia... 2. Haemophilus influenza... 3. Mirabe…
1. Streptococcus pneumonia... 2. Staphylococcus aureus... 3. Klebie…
1. Staphylococcus aureus... 2. Streptococcus pneumonia... 3. Haemop…
Upper respiratory infections
1. Streptococcus pyogenes... 2. Streptococcus pneumonia... 3. Haemo…
Otitis Media: ear infections
1. Streptococcus pneumonia... 2. Haemophilus influenza... 3. Mirabe…
46 terms
Microbiology pathogenicity and pathogens
HPV Structure
HPV Symptoms
HPV Virulence Factors
HPV Epidemiology
- naked ... - dsDNA ... - more than 100 types
- Low risk virus - Warts... - High risk virus - Cancer... - can be…
- Enters through dermal abrasions... - Infects deep epithelial…
- Sexually transmitted... - Risk factors include: multiple sex…
HPV Structure
- naked ... - dsDNA ... - more than 100 types
HPV Symptoms
- Low risk virus - Warts... - High risk virus - Cancer... - can be…
36 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
Bacillus anthracis
Bacillus cereus
Bacteroides gingivalis
Bacteroides fragilis
d: Anthrax
d: Food poisoning
d: Periodontal disease
d: Sepsis/ Normal flora in gut
Bacillus anthracis
d: Anthrax
Bacillus cereus
d: Food poisoning
161 terms
Microbiology: Pathogenicity
The ability to cause disease is medica…
The degree of pathogenicity is medical…
To cause disease, the pathogen must do…
Some diseases are the result of what 2…
Pathogenicity
Virulence
enter the host... evade host defenses... replicate... damage the tissues
waste products (toxins) ... enzymes
The ability to cause disease is medica…
Pathogenicity
The degree of pathogenicity is medical…
Virulence
29 terms
1a. Intro to Pathogenic Microbiology
Clinical microbiology
Describe naming of microorganisms.
Differentiate between prokaryotic (bac…
List common prokaryotic and eukaryotic…
the study of pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa) t…
Divided into 3 structures: classification, nomenclature, and…
Prokaryotic:... -smaller (0.2-2 microns)... -less compartmentalized…
Prokaryotic: bacteria... Eukaryotic: parasites, fungi
Clinical microbiology
the study of pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa) t…
Describe naming of microorganisms.
Divided into 3 structures: classification, nomenclature, and…
34 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
E. coli
Salmonella typhi
Shigella sonnei
Klebsiella pneumoniae
What bacteria is being described?... Causes diarrhea, urethritis…
What bacteria is being described?... Causes typhoid fever... • How…
What bacteria is being described?... Causes bacillary dysentery…
What bacteria is being described?... Causes septicemia, pneumoni…
E. coli
What bacteria is being described?... Causes diarrhea, urethritis…
Salmonella typhi
What bacteria is being described?... Causes typhoid fever... • How…
30 terms
Microbiology: Pathogens
What to Know
Clostridium
Clostridium Botulinum
Clostridium Tetani
What it is... What's special about it... What does is cause (diseas…
-G+ Bacilli, Spore forming, obligate anaerobe... -Special: toxin…
-Causes Botulism... >lives in canned goods..never eat buldging c…
Causes Tetnus... -aka "Lock Jaw"... -colonizes deep puncture wounds…
What to Know
What it is... What's special about it... What does is cause (diseas…
Clostridium
-G+ Bacilli, Spore forming, obligate anaerobe... -Special: toxin…
31 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
Staphylococcus Aureus- scalded skin sy…
Streptococcus Pyogenes- causes strep t…
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa- skin infection…
Clostridium Perfingens- gas gangrene
Gram Positive Cocci in grape like clusters... Catalase reacts wi…
Gram positive Cocci in grape like clusters... Beta Hemolytic... Obl…
Gram negative rod shaped bacteria, coccobacillus bacterium ... A…
Gram positive rod... anaerobic ... spore forming
Staphylococcus Aureus- scalded skin sy…
Gram Positive Cocci in grape like clusters... Catalase reacts wi…
Streptococcus Pyogenes- causes strep t…
Gram positive Cocci in grape like clusters... Beta Hemolytic... Obl…
92 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology (Exam I)
Reproducing life on earth requires:
Difference between "surviving life" an…
what human skin secretes to protect it…
reasons staph can live on human skin
1. water source... 2. nutrients as a food source (usually organi…
Surviving life could probably survive without a few of the es…
psoriasin
1. it is acid-resistant... 2. it can live in a more dry environm…
Reproducing life on earth requires:
1. water source... 2. nutrients as a food source (usually organi…
Difference between "surviving life" an…
Surviving life could probably survive without a few of the es…
35 terms
Microbiology - Pathogens
Define virulence
Define LD50
Define attenuation... 2. How does it rela…
What are three actions that pathogenic…
The ability for a bug to cause diseae.
The Lethal Dose of a pathogen which causes 50% of death to al…
Def: weakening an organism, become less virulent... 2. Attenuate…
1) Adherence... 2) Invasion... 3) Colonization
Define virulence
The ability for a bug to cause diseae.
Define LD50
The Lethal Dose of a pathogen which causes 50% of death to al…
Microbiology Pathogens
Streptococcal Diseases
Diphtheria
Whooping Cough
Meningococcal Meningitis
Streptococcus pyogenes
Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Bordetella pertussis
Neisseria meningitides
Streptococcal Diseases
Streptococcus pyogenes
Diphtheria
Corynebacterium diphtheriae
22 terms
Microbiology Pathogenicity
commensalism
mutualism
parasitism
Lewis Thomas
one benefits and the host in unaffected
reciprocal benefits
the symbiont either harms or lives at the expense of the host…
disease results from inconclusive negotiations for symbiosis
commensalism
one benefits and the host in unaffected
mutualism
reciprocal benefits
41 terms
Microbiology pathogenicity
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Micrococcus
Staphylococcus aureus
Staphylococcus epidermidis
Causes bronchopneumoniae and meningitis in calves and mastiti…
Normal flora od skin, mouth and nasopharynx and can be oppori…
Assosiated with humans, fomites, dust,... Causes skin infections…
Normal flora of skin and mucous membranes, infections associa…
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Causes bronchopneumoniae and meningitis in calves and mastiti…
Micrococcus
Normal flora od skin, mouth and nasopharynx and can be oppori…
33 terms
Microbiology pathogens
Clostridium
Clostridium botulinum
Clostridium tetani
Clostridium difficile
gram + bacilli... spore forming... obligate anaerobe... produces toxin…
lives in canned goods... most potent toxin-botulism... 19,000 to ki…
colonizes deep puncture wounds... tetanus... produces second most p…
infectious diarrhea... kills tissue in intestines... obligate anaer…
Clostridium
gram + bacilli... spore forming... obligate anaerobe... produces toxin…
Clostridium botulinum
lives in canned goods... most potent toxin-botulism... 19,000 to ki…
20 terms
Microbiology: Pathogens
Rhinovirus
Influenza Virus
Rotavirus
Hepatitis A Virus (HAV)
Virus. Common Cold.
Virus. Influenza.
Virus. Gastroenteritis. "Stomach Flu".
Virus. Hepatitis.
Rhinovirus
Virus. Common Cold.
Influenza Virus
Virus. Influenza.
28 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
Strep Throat
Whooping cough
Scarlet Fever
CA-Pneumonia - gram (-) rods
streptococcus hemolytic group A
Bordetella Pertussis
Streptococcus pyrogens
Children: Mycoplasma pneumoniae... Adults: Streptococcus pneumo…
Strep Throat
streptococcus hemolytic group A
Whooping cough
Bordetella Pertussis
10 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
R. rickettsia
R. siberica
R. conorii
R. australis
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever... Dogs, wild rodents
North Asian Tick typhus... Wild rodents
Fievre boutonneuse... Dogs, wild rodents
Queensland tick fever... Marsupials, wild rodents
R. rickettsia
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever... Dogs, wild rodents
R. siberica
North Asian Tick typhus... Wild rodents
32 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
Clostridium
Clostridium botulinum
Clostridium tetani
Clostridium difficile (C.Diff)
What is it?... Gram + bacilli, Spore ... Forming, Obligate Anaerobe…
Lives in canned goods ... -... Botulism... Produces the most potent to…
Colonizes deep puncture wounds -... Tetanus ... Tetanospasmin... Cause…
Infectious diarrhea... Kills tissue in intestines via cytotoxins…
Clostridium
What is it?... Gram + bacilli, Spore ... Forming, Obligate Anaerobe…
Clostridium botulinum
Lives in canned goods ... -... Botulism... Produces the most potent to…
24 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
Bacillus Anthracis
Bacteroides
Bordetella Pertussis
Borrelia Burgdorferi
an aerobic, spore forming, Gram positive bacillus; the causat…
Species. Anaerobic, Gram negative bacilli; Common members of…
A fastidious, Gram negative coccobacillus; the causative agen…
A gram negative, loosely coiled spirochete; the causative age…
Bacillus Anthracis
an aerobic, spore forming, Gram positive bacillus; the causat…
Bacteroides
Species. Anaerobic, Gram negative bacilli; Common members of…
15 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
Escherichia coli
Haemophilus influenzae
Vibrio cholerae
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
- Gram negative rod... - UTIs, Meningitis (neonates), GI tract i…
- Tend to cause pyogenic bacterial infection in patients with…
- Gram (-) comma-shaped rod... - Cholera... - Tetracycline
- Associated with Group IV complement deficiencies; deficienc…
Escherichia coli
- Gram negative rod... - UTIs, Meningitis (neonates), GI tract i…
Haemophilus influenzae
- Tend to cause pyogenic bacterial infection in patients with…
36 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
Clostridium
C. botulinum
C. tetani
C. difficle
Gram +, Bacillus, spore forming, obligate anaerobe. Forms neu…
Causes Botulism via Botulism toxin. Most potent toxin on the…
Causes tetanus, common name "lockjaw." Colonizes deep punctur…
Infectious diarrhea, kills tissue in intestines with cytotoxi…
Clostridium
Gram +, Bacillus, spore forming, obligate anaerobe. Forms neu…
C. botulinum
Causes Botulism via Botulism toxin. Most potent toxin on the…
26 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
Clostridium
Clostridium botulinum
Clostridium tetani
Clostridium difficile
Gram positive bacilli, spore forming, obligate anaerobe. Prod…
Produces most potent neurotoxin. Prevents motor nerve signali…
Prevention by vaccine. Colonizes deep puncture wounds. Produc…
Infectious diarrhea. Kills tissue in intestines via cytotoxin…
Clostridium
Gram positive bacilli, spore forming, obligate anaerobe. Prod…
Clostridium botulinum
Produces most potent neurotoxin. Prevents motor nerve signali…
15 terms
Pathogens: Microbiology
airborne bacterial diseases
upper respiratory tract
lower respiratory tract
foodborne and waterborne intoxications
upper and lower respiratory tract
streptococcal diseases, Diphtheria, whooping cough, Meningoco…
tuberculosis, Pneumococcal Pneumonia, Primary Atypical Pneumo…
botulism, Staphylococal Food Poisoning, Clostridial Food Pois…
airborne bacterial diseases
upper and lower respiratory tract
upper respiratory tract
streptococcal diseases, Diphtheria, whooping cough, Meningoco…
70 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
streptococcus sp
yersinia pestis
bordetella pertussis
mycobacterium tuberculosis
bacterial pathogen-respir
bacterial pathogen-respir
bacterial pathogen-respir
bacterial pathogen-respir
streptococcus sp
bacterial pathogen-respir
yersinia pestis
bacterial pathogen-respir
28 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
Bacillus anthracis
Bordatella pertussis
Borrelia burgdorferi
Campylobacter jejuni
-anthrax... -one of few spore forming, aerobic pathogens... -cutane…
-whooping cough... -violent coughing... -important to be vaccinated…
-Lyme disease... -spread by bite of deer tick... NONCOMMUNICABLE... VE…
-#1 food born disease in US... -not super serious... -usually from…
Bacillus anthracis
-anthrax... -one of few spore forming, aerobic pathogens... -cutane…
Bordatella pertussis
-whooping cough... -violent coughing... -important to be vaccinated…
36 terms
Microbiology PATHOGENS
Bacillus anthracis
Bacillus cereus
Bacteroides gingivalis
Bacteroides fragilis
Anthrax
Food poisoning
Periodontal disease
Sepsis/Normal flora in gut
Bacillus anthracis
Anthrax
Bacillus cereus
Food poisoning
58 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
Bacillus antracis
Bacillus cereus
Bacteroides gingivalis
Bacteroides fragilis
Anthrax
Food poisoning
Periodontal disease
Sepsis/Normal flora in gut
Bacillus antracis
Anthrax
Bacillus cereus
Food poisoning
36 terms
Microbiology PATHOGENS
Bacillus anthracis
Bacillus cereus
Bacteroides gingivalis
Bacteroides fragilis
Anthrax
Food poisoning
Periodontal disease
Sepsis/Normal flora in gut
Bacillus anthracis
Anthrax
Bacillus cereus
Food poisoning
30 terms
Microbiology - Pathogens
Clostridium
Clostridium botulinum
Clostridium tetani
Clostridium difficile
-Gram (+) bacilli... -Spore forming... -Obligate anaerobes (they ha…
-Lives in canned goods - Botulism... -Produces most potent toxic…
-Colonizes deep puncture wounds... -Tetanus ("lock jaw")... --Prod…
Causes:... -infectious diarrhea... -Kills tissues in intestines via…
Clostridium
-Gram (+) bacilli... -Spore forming... -Obligate anaerobes (they ha…
Clostridium botulinum
-Lives in canned goods - Botulism... -Produces most potent toxic…
21 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
Bartonella henselae
Bordatella pertussis
Campylobacter jejuni
Candida albicans
cat scratch disease
whooping cough/pertussis
human gastroenteritis (most common bacterial cause of diarrhea)
fungus that causes yeast infections
Bartonella henselae
cat scratch disease
Bordatella pertussis
whooping cough/pertussis
Microbiology: Pathogens
Tuberculosis
influenza
botulism
salmonella
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
orthomyxovirus
Clostridium botulinum
salmonellosis enterica
Tuberculosis
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
influenza
orthomyxovirus
17 terms
Microbiology Pathogens
Trichophyton
Candida
Alexandrium
Entamoeba
ringworm, athletes foot
thrush, vaganitis
Shell fish poisoning
amoebic dysentery, stomach ulcers
Trichophyton
ringworm, athletes foot
Candida
thrush, vaganitis
17 terms
Microbiology pathogens
Chlamydia
Syphilus
Lymes
Enterobacteria
Caused by Chlamydia trachomatis in phylum Chlamydiae & is gra…
Caused by Treponema palidum in phylum Spirochetes; a gram neg…
Caused by Borrelia burgdoferi in phylum Spirochetes; a gram n…
Gram negative bacteria that include e. Coli, salmonella, shig…
Chlamydia
Caused by Chlamydia trachomatis in phylum Chlamydiae & is gra…
Syphilus
Caused by Treponema palidum in phylum Spirochetes; a gram neg…
15 terms
microbiology: pathogenicity
Stages of infection
microbial offenses
Coagulase
DNAse
1) incubation time - contact to symptoms appear... 2) Prodromal…
-coagulase... -DNAse... -Hyaluronidase... -hemolysins... -virulence factors
clots fibrinogen and protects invader from WBC
lowers viscosity of oosed matter by depolymerization of DNA
Stages of infection
1) incubation time - contact to symptoms appear... 2) Prodromal…
microbial offenses
-coagulase... -DNAse... -Hyaluronidase... -hemolysins... -virulence factors
Pathogenicity Microbiology
Host
Parasites
Infection
Pathogen (2 kinds)
supports the growth and survival of another organism
lives on or within a host, and is typically dependent on that…
when disease-causing agents are growing and multiplying withi…
any agent that causes disease... 1. Primary... 2. Opportunistic
Host
supports the growth and survival of another organism
Parasites
lives on or within a host, and is typically dependent on that…
34 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology Lab Practical 1
Staphylococcus aureus
Black
purple to yellow
Catalase positive
Name a Staphylococcus species which is coagulase positive.
When an organism can hydrolyse bile esculin, the agar slant t…
When an organism can grow in 6.5% NaCl, the agar turns from _…
When hydrogen peroxide is added to a bit of organism and bubb…
Staphylococcus aureus
Name a Staphylococcus species which is coagulase positive.
Black
When an organism can hydrolyse bile esculin, the agar slant t…
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