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Study sets matching "pathology chapter 3"

12 terms
Radiographic Pathology - Chapter 3
Cystic Fibrosis
Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)
Lung Abscesses
Embolic Abscess
A recessive genetic (inherited) disease of the exocrine gland…
Also known as hyaline membrane disease. A common indication f…
Localized areas of diseased tissue surrounded by debris.... Sym…
Abscess caused by an infected blood clot being carries to the…
Cystic Fibrosis
A recessive genetic (inherited) disease of the exocrine gland…
Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)
Also known as hyaline membrane disease. A common indication f…
14 terms
Pathology : Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Neoplasm
Hematoma
Benign
Malignant
new growth or tumor
bruise or contusion
tumors that do not spread
tumors that are deadly; cancerous
Neoplasm
new growth or tumor
Hematoma
bruise or contusion
20 terms
Pathology chapter 3 respiratory images
Alveolar pneumonia (pneumococcal).
Pneumoconiosis... Asbestosis
Inflammatory Disorders of the Lower Re…
Findings for Tuberculosis... *Calcified…
Location... Lobar/segment... RAD Appearance... Lobe/segment opa…
Location... Pleural lining... RAD Appearance... Pleural thicken…
Location... Alveoli (lobe/segment)... RAD Appearance... Patchy opa…
Location... Any part of lung, commonly in periphery and upper…
Alveolar pneumonia (pneumococcal).
Location... Lobar/segment... RAD Appearance... Lobe/segment opa…
Pneumoconiosis... Asbestosis
Location... Pleural lining... RAD Appearance... Pleural thicken…
33 terms
Pathology // chapter 3
cellular adaptation
atrophy
ischemia
hypertrophy
a reversible, structural, or functional response to both norm…
shrinkage of cells due to: ... 1. normal/physiologic (associate…
decreased supply of oxygenated blood
cells increase in size to pick up workload... -seen in kidney c…
cellular adaptation
a reversible, structural, or functional response to both norm…
atrophy
shrinkage of cells due to: ... 1. normal/physiologic (associate…
84 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
Acantholysis
Acquired immune response
Active immunity
Allergen
Dissolution of the intercellular bridges of the prickle cell…
Immune response to a foreign substance, based on the specific…
Type of immunity based on antibodies developed in response to…
Antigen producing a hypersensitivity, or allergic reaction.
Acantholysis
Dissolution of the intercellular bridges of the prickle cell…
Acquired immune response
Immune response to a foreign substance, based on the specific…
12 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
Labile Cells
Stable Cells
Permanent Cells
Stem Cells
Continuously dividing cells, includes surface epitheliums, ep…
retain the ability to proliferate, capable of limited regener…
"Terminally differentiated"/ non-proliferative in post-natal…
Are self-renewing (can continuously replicate)... Have asymmetr…
Labile Cells
Continuously dividing cells, includes surface epitheliums, ep…
Stable Cells
retain the ability to proliferate, capable of limited regener…
98 terms
Chapter 3 Pathology
Asbestosis
Asthma
Atelectasis
Benign granuloma
thin fibers embed in the lung, causing major fibrosis; may re…
Widespread narrowing of airways caused by an increased respon…
condition of a collapsed lung
neoplastic growth that is the result of an inflammatory process
Asbestosis
thin fibers embed in the lung, causing major fibrosis; may re…
Asthma
Widespread narrowing of airways caused by an increased respon…
44 terms
Chapter 3 Pathology Terms
Abscess
Acne
Acne rosacea
Acne vulgaris
A collection of pus in the skin.
Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicl…
Chronic form of acne seen in adults involving redness, tiny p…
Common form of acne seen in teenagers. Characterized by comed…
Abscess
A collection of pus in the skin.
Acne
Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicl…
109 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
Extracellular Matrix
Adaptation
Examples of adaptation
Sublethal
Cells surrounding environment
Reversible, structural, or functional response both to normal…
The uterus adapting to pregnancy, enlarging.... Adverse conditio…
reversible injury
Extracellular Matrix
Cells surrounding environment
Adaptation
Reversible, structural, or functional response both to normal…
56 terms
Oral Pathology Chapter 3
The breakdown of cellular adhesion bet…
Which of the following is a protein mo…
Which lymphocyte matures without passi…
In which type of immune response do B-…
acantholysis
an antibody
B-lymphocyte
Humoral immunity
The breakdown of cellular adhesion bet…
acantholysis
Which of the following is a protein mo…
an antibody
111 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
Circles within Circles
Long Bones
Calcium and phosphorus deposits
Resilience, weight bearing capacity, a…
The collagen matrix on which solid bone is built is arranged…
What within the body grows in a slight spiral much like everg…
What accumulates in a circular pattern, leaving holes for blo…
Which design features give bone remarkable properties? (pg. 58)
Circles within Circles
The collagen matrix on which solid bone is built is arranged…
Long Bones
What within the body grows in a slight spiral much like everg…
50 terms
Pathology: Chapter 3
acantholysis
acquired immune response
active immunity
allergen
dissolution of the intercellular bridges of the prickle cell…
immune response to a foreign substance, based on the specific…
type of immunity based on the antibodies developed in respons…
antigen producing a hypersensitivity , or allergic, reaction
acantholysis
dissolution of the intercellular bridges of the prickle cell…
acquired immune response
immune response to a foreign substance, based on the specific…
88 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
Immunity
Three Defense Systems
Nonimmune Defense Mechanisms
Nonimmune Body Membranes
cellular and molecular mechanisms to defend the body against…
- physical and chemical barriers... - lymphatic system... - immune…
- skin: shed epidermis, cells dry, dense, acidic pH... - sclera:…
- GI tract... - oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus squamous shed da…
Immunity
cellular and molecular mechanisms to defend the body against…
Three Defense Systems
- physical and chemical barriers... - lymphatic system... - immune…
101 terms
Pathology chapter 3
Chest radiograph
Additive respiratory pathology
Subtractive respiratory pathology
Respiratory system
The most common exam performed
Any respiratory condition that adds fluid or tissue ... Harder t…
Any respiratory condition that increases aeration... Easier to p…
Removes waste product carbon dioxide and oxygenates blood
Chest radiograph
The most common exam performed
Additive respiratory pathology
Any respiratory condition that adds fluid or tissue ... Harder t…
174 terms
Pathology (Chapter 3)
Respiratory system
Nasal passages; aveoli
medulla
Pulmonary circulation; Bronchial circu…
The major role of the ________ _________ is the oxygenation o…
The respiratory system starts at the ______ ______ and ends a…
The respiratory system is controlled by a center in the _____…
The lungs have 2 different blood suppliers, what are they?
Respiratory system
The major role of the ________ _________ is the oxygenation o…
Nasal passages; aveoli
The respiratory system starts at the ______ ______ and ends a…
44 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
Upper
Lower
Right
Left
The _____ respiratory system contains the nose, mouth, pharyn…
The _____ respiratory system contains the trachea, bronchi, a…
The _____ bronchus is more vertical and wide.
The _____ bronchus is horizontal and narrow.
Upper
The _____ respiratory system contains the nose, mouth, pharyn…
Lower
The _____ respiratory system contains the trachea, bronchi, a…
18 terms
Pathology: chapter 3 vocabulary
Anticholinesterase
Autoimmune
Candidiasis
Collagen
Any enzyme that counteracts the action of the choline esters
An immune response resulting in the presence of self antigens…
Infection with or
Substance that occurs naturally in the bodies of people and a…
Anticholinesterase
Any enzyme that counteracts the action of the choline esters
Autoimmune
An immune response resulting in the presence of self antigens…
122 terms
Pathology chapter 3
Factors that increase susceptibility
Antigen
Vaccine
Antibodies
Age... Chronic diseases... Heredity... Stress... Meds... Poor nutrition ... Fat…
Substance that induces a state of sensitivity or immune respo…
A suspension of live or inactivated microorganisms (antigens-…
Immunoglobulins- proteins produced by the B cells that provid…
Factors that increase susceptibility
Age... Chronic diseases... Heredity... Stress... Meds... Poor nutrition ... Fat…
Antigen
Substance that induces a state of sensitivity or immune respo…
70 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
Purpose of inflammation
Define: inflammation
What purposes does the inflammation re…
Acute inflammation
...
An innate, automatic response reaction of vascularized tissue…
-Neutralizes harmful agents... -Removes damaged & dead tissue (o…
triggered by noxious stimuli, (infection or tissue injury)... -r…
Purpose of inflammation
...
Define: inflammation
An innate, automatic response reaction of vascularized tissue…
149 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
REGENERATION
REPAIR
SCAR FORMATION
Size of a cell population depends on w…
growth of cells and tissues to replace lost structures... 1. Re…
usually consists of a combination of regeneration and scar fo…
Predominates with extracellular matrix damage... Stimulated by…
1. Cell proliferation... 2. Differentiation... 3. Cell death
REGENERATION
growth of cells and tissues to replace lost structures... 1. Re…
REPAIR
usually consists of a combination of regeneration and scar fo…
121 terms
Pathology for Massage, Chapter 3: Muskuloskeletal
Diaphysis
Osteoblast
Osteoclast
Periosteum
The shaft of a long bone
Bone-forming cells.
Bone-destroying cells
A dense fibrous membrane covering the surface of bones (excep…
Diaphysis
The shaft of a long bone
Osteoblast
Bone-forming cells.
74 terms
radiographic pathology chapter 3
ventilation
diffusion
upper respiratory tract
lower respiratory tract
involves the movement of air in and out of the lungs
gas exchange between the lungs and circulatory system
nose, mouth, pharynx, and larynx
trachea, bronchi, alveoli, and lungs
ventilation
involves the movement of air in and out of the lungs
diffusion
gas exchange between the lungs and circulatory system
57 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
_______ is the first reaction of the m…
______ is a cardinal sign of inflammat…
Healing by primary intention occurs wh…
______ blood cells are the first to ar…
Vasoconstriction
Redness
Edges of the wound are brought together by sutures.
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils
_______ is the first reaction of the m…
Vasoconstriction
______ is a cardinal sign of inflammat…
Redness
79 terms
chapter 3 pathology
Cystic fibrosis
Soft tissues
Pneumonia
Ciracle hazy poorly defined
Irregular thickening of linear chest markings due to excessiv…
AP and lateral neck images best demonstrate a rounded thicken…
Is characterized by the cosmic ation of the disease process i…
Long abscess appears as a blank density characteristically ha…
Cystic fibrosis
Irregular thickening of linear chest markings due to excessiv…
Soft tissues
AP and lateral neck images best demonstrate a rounded thicken…
50 terms
Pathology: chapter 3
acantholysis
acquired immune response
active immunity
allergen
dissolution of the intercellular bridges of the prickle cell…
immune response to a foreign substance, based on the specific…
type of immunity based on the antibodies developed in respons…
antigen producing a hypersensitivity , or allergic, reaction
acantholysis
dissolution of the intercellular bridges of the prickle cell…
acquired immune response
immune response to a foreign substance, based on the specific…
27 terms
Oral Pathology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Acanthyolysis
Acquired Immune response
Allergy
Anaphylaxis
dissolution of the intercellular bridges of the prickle cell…
a response of the body to injury that has memory of past expo…
a hypersensitive state acquired through exposure to a particu…
a severe type of hypersensitivity or allergic reaction in whi…
Acanthyolysis
dissolution of the intercellular bridges of the prickle cell…
Acquired Immune response
a response of the body to injury that has memory of past expo…
107 terms
Pathology - Chapter 3 - Immunity
Acquired immune response
This response occurs AFTER inflammatio…
Immune response
Antigens
This is similar to the inflammatory response in that this pro…
Acquired immune response
This type of response remembers the past
These are the foreign substances against which the immune sys…
Acquired immune response
This is similar to the inflammatory response in that this pro…
This response occurs AFTER inflammatio…
Acquired immune response
97 terms
chapter 3 pathology
describe the acquired Immune Response
Antigens aka Immunogens are what?
Components of self as antigen
describe autoimmune disease
-Defends body against injury... -memory capability... -Responds qui…
Foreign substances
-Tumor cells... -Cells infected with viruses... -Organ transplant... -…
Non-recognition of foreign material as antigen
describe the acquired Immune Response
-Defends body against injury... -memory capability... -Responds qui…
Antigens aka Immunogens are what?
Foreign substances
79 terms
Pathology chapter 3
Abscess
Acute inflammation
Adhesion
Agranulocytes
area of infection comprising dead and dying microbes WBC's an…
process in which capsular and exudative processes are apparen…
process in which leukocytes "stick" to the walls of the blood…
nongranular leukocytes
Abscess
area of infection comprising dead and dying microbes WBC's an…
Acute inflammation
process in which capsular and exudative processes are apparen…
24 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
Croup
Side effect of Croup
Radiographic Appearance of Croup
Chronic Obrstructive Pulmonary Disease…
a viral infection of young children that produces inflammator…
Causes inspiratory stridor or a barking cough
Frontal radiographs of the lower neck show a characteristic s…
this includes several conditions in which chronic obstruction…
Croup
a viral infection of young children that produces inflammator…
Side effect of Croup
Causes inspiratory stridor or a barking cough
42 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
Name two types of inflammation.
What are the two types of inflammatory…
What are three types of granulocytes?
Granulocytes are involved in what type…
1. Acute inflammation... 2. Chronic inflammation
1. granulocytes... 2. monocuclear cells
1. neutrophils... 2. eosunophils... 3. basilphils
acute
Name two types of inflammation.
1. Acute inflammation... 2. Chronic inflammation
What are the two types of inflammatory…
1. granulocytes... 2. monocuclear cells
52 terms
Pathology chapter 3
Repair
Regeneration
Healing
Start of healing
restoration of tissue architecture and function after injury
ability of tissue to replace itself
involves laying down of new connective tissue ... involves scar…
begins with a rise of granulation tissue that is pink, soft,…
Repair
restoration of tissue architecture and function after injury
Regeneration
ability of tissue to replace itself
85 terms
Chapter 3 -Pathology
dermatology
abrasion
anhidrosis
comedo
study of the integumentary system.
scraping of skin surface by friction
abnormal condition of no sweating
blackhead (hardened sebum in hair follicle)
dermatology
study of the integumentary system.
abrasion
scraping of skin surface by friction
93 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
what is the function of the immune res…
how is the immune response different f…
define antigens
define autoimmune disease
to defend the body against injury particularly from microorgn…
the immune response has the capacity to remember previously e…
aka immunogens are foreign substances in the body such pathog…
it occurs when parts of an individual's own body becomes anti…
what is the function of the immune res…
to defend the body against injury particularly from microorgn…
how is the immune response different f…
the immune response has the capacity to remember previously e…
10 terms
Chapter 3 Pathology of Joints
ankylosis
arthralgia
arthrosclerosis
bursitis
loss or absence of mobility in a joint due to disease, injury…
pain in a joint
stiffness of the joints, esp. in elderly
inflammation of a bursa/typically caused by repetative moveme…
ankylosis
loss or absence of mobility in a joint due to disease, injury…
arthralgia
pain in a joint
67 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
Dissolution of the intercellular bridg…
Immune response to a foreign substance…
Type of immunity based on antibodies d…
Antigen producing a hypersensitivity,…
Acantholysis
Aquired immune response
Active immunity
Allergen
Dissolution of the intercellular bridg…
Acantholysis
Immune response to a foreign substance…
Aquired immune response
107 terms
Chapter 3 Pathology
What are the cells that alter bone sha…
What are epimysium, endomysium, and pe…
What do osteoblasts do?
Tendons connect what structures?
...
...
...
...
What are the cells that alter bone sha…
...
What are epimysium, endomysium, and pe…
...
34 terms
pathology chapter 3 vocabulary
abrasion
adaptation
aging
algor mortis
Scrape of the skin due to something abrasive
reversible, functional response to normal or physiologic cond…
normal physiologic process that is universal and inevitable
postmortem drop in body temperature
abrasion
Scrape of the skin due to something abrasive
adaptation
reversible, functional response to normal or physiologic cond…
36 terms
radiographic pathology chapter 3 (Part 1-2)
chest radiography
10 posterior ribs
pectus excavatum
mediastinum
examination most frequently performed in radiology department
number of ribs that should provide adequate inspiration
depressed sternum
contains all thoracic organs except the lungs
chest radiography
examination most frequently performed in radiology department
10 posterior ribs
number of ribs that should provide adequate inspiration
49 terms
pathology chapter 3 respiratory pathology
deformity of the anterior chest wall;…
hereditary disease caused by the secre…
can be one of three types; generally i…
exemplified by pneumococcal pneumonia,…
pectus excavatum
cystic fibrosis
pneumonia
alveolar pneumonia
deformity of the anterior chest wall;…
pectus excavatum
hereditary disease caused by the secre…
cystic fibrosis
24 terms
Pathology - Chapter 3 - Key Terms
Drug
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Generic name
Inhalation
Substance used to treat or prevent a disease.
Federal Agency that approves drugs and issues time-limited pa…
A drug's official name and one most often used in the health…
Drug delivery method into the lungs or nasal passages.
Drug
Substance used to treat or prevent a disease.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Federal Agency that approves drugs and issues time-limited pa…
24 terms
Pathology Chapter 3
What are 3 processes that may result i…
The lack of critical enzymes needed fo…
What organ is most likely going to hav…
Excess steatosis in the liver could le…
A normal endogenous substance,... Lack of critical enzymes neede…
Lysosomal storage disease
Liver
cirrhosis
What are 3 processes that may result i…
A normal endogenous substance,... Lack of critical enzymes neede…
The lack of critical enzymes needed fo…
Lysosomal storage disease
56 terms
Pathology 408 Chapter 3
Bacteria
prokaryote
cell walls
coccus
a prokaryotic, microscopic, single-celled organism with a cel…
an organism without internal membrane-bound organelles, lacki…
protective, resistant, but permeable structure secreted exter…
a spherical (or near-spherical) bacterial cell
Bacteria
a prokaryotic, microscopic, single-celled organism with a cel…
prokaryote
an organism without internal membrane-bound organelles, lacki…
Pathology - Chapter 3 Notes
the presence of air or gas in the subc…
An ________ ____ is a large plastic tu…
____ ____ is a large plastic tube inse…
_____ ______ ______ lines are usually…
Subcutaneous emphysema
endotrachel (ET) tube
Chest tube
Central venous pressure (CVP)
the presence of air or gas in the subc…
Subcutaneous emphysema
An ________ ____ is a large plastic tu…
endotrachel (ET) tube
74 terms
radiographic pathology chapter 3
ventilation
diffusion
upper respiratory tract
lower respiratory tract
involves the movement of air in and out of the lungs
gas exchange between the lungs and circulatory system
nose, mouth, pharynx, and larynx
trachea, bronchi, alveoli, and lungs
ventilation
involves the movement of air in and out of the lungs
diffusion
gas exchange between the lungs and circulatory system
34 terms
Radiologic Pathology Chapter 3 Respiratory System
Cystic Fibrosis
Hyaline Memrane Disease
Hyaline Membrane Disease
Pneumonia
Addtive disorder affecting exocrine glands; patient with barr…
AKA RDS (respiratory distress syndrome) affecting infants
Radiographic appearance demonstrates air-bronchogram sign and…
Most frequent type of lung infection; inflammation of the lung
Cystic Fibrosis
Addtive disorder affecting exocrine glands; patient with barr…
Hyaline Memrane Disease
AKA RDS (respiratory distress syndrome) affecting infants
13 terms
Chapter 3 Pathology of Bones
exostosis
ostealgia
osteitis
osteomalacia
benign growth on surface of bone
any pain linked to an abnormal condition w/in a bone
inflammation of bone
abnormal softening of bones due to disease
exostosis
benign growth on surface of bone
ostealgia
any pain linked to an abnormal condition w/in a bone
41 terms
Chapter 3 (oral pathology)
Acantholysis
Acquired immune response
Active immunity
Allergen
Dissolution of the intercellular bridges of the prickle cell…
Immune response to a foreign substance, based on the specific…
Type of immunity based on antibodies developed in response to…
Antigen producing a hypersensitivity, or allergic, reaction
Acantholysis
Dissolution of the intercellular bridges of the prickle cell…
Acquired immune response
Immune response to a foreign substance, based on the specific…
55 terms
Chapter 3 Integumentary Pathology
abrasion
contusion
cyst
diaphoresis
A scraping-away of the skin surface by friction.
Injury caused by a blow to the body; causes swelling, pain, a…
Fluid-filled sac under the skin.
Profuse sweating
abrasion
A scraping-away of the skin surface by friction.
contusion
Injury caused by a blow to the body; causes swelling, pain, a…
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