Study sets matching "pathology final blood"

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Study sets matching "pathology final blood"

Blood pathology
lymph node
iron deficiency anemia
pernicious anemia
sickle cell anemia
filter lymph fluid before returning to blood
caused by diet deficiency or fatigue
caused by decreased absorption of vitamin B12
caused by genetics-> two genes for sickle hemoglobin most lik…
lymph node
filter lymph fluid before returning to blood
iron deficiency anemia
caused by diet deficiency or fatigue
27 terms
Blood Pathology
hematology
blood clot
coagulate
dyscrasia
the study of blood
the hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
to convert from a liquid to a gel or solid, as in blood coagu…
A general term indicating the presence of a disease affecting…
hematology
the study of blood
blood clot
the hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
233 terms
Blood - Pathology
PRIMARY HEMOSTASIS - Steps
Transient vasoconstriction of damaged…
Platelet adhesion
Platelet degranulation
Transient vasoconstriction of damaged vessel; Platelet adhesi…
reflex neural stimulation and endothelin release from endothe…
Von Willebrand factor (vWF) binds exposed subendothelial coll…
Adhesion induces shape change in platelets and degranulation…
PRIMARY HEMOSTASIS - Steps
Transient vasoconstriction of damaged vessel; Platelet adhesi…
Transient vasoconstriction of damaged…
reflex neural stimulation and endothelin release from endothe…
9 terms
Blood Pathology
Anemia
Pernicious Anemia
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Sickle Cell Anemia
-Any condition in which there is a reduction in the number of…
-Caused by Vitamin B12 Deficiency... -Can be either macrocytic h…
-Caused by iron insufficiency (decreased hemoglobin)... -Microcy…
-Caused by single amino acid substitution (valine instead of…
Anemia
-Any condition in which there is a reduction in the number of…
Pernicious Anemia
-Caused by Vitamin B12 Deficiency... -Can be either macrocytic h…
Blood pathology
Dyscrasia
Anemia
Aplastic anemia
Pancytopenia
Blood disease
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
When stem cells fail to produce leukocytes, platelets, and er…
Dyscrasia
Blood disease
Anemia
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Blood Pathology
Polycythemia
Anemia
Hemorrhagic Anemia
Hemolytic Anemia
Abormal excess of erythrocytes
- Blood has abnormally low oxygen-carrying capacity ... - More o…
Acute or chronic loss of blood
Prematurely ruptured erythrocytes
Polycythemia
Abormal excess of erythrocytes
Anemia
- Blood has abnormally low oxygen-carrying capacity ... - More o…
96 terms
Pathology: blood
How much of the extracellular fluid do…
Blood is the _______ portion of the ex…
Total blood volume is about (70-kg man)
How many liters are blood cells?
1/4
circulating
7% of total body weight, 5 liters of blood
2
How much of the extracellular fluid do…
1/4
Blood is the _______ portion of the ex…
circulating
27 terms
Blood Pathology
hematology
blood clot
coagulate
dyscrasia
branch of medicine specializing in treatment and disease of b…
the hardened collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue de…
to convert from a liquid to a gel or solid as blood coagulation
general term indicating the presence of a disease affecting b…
hematology
branch of medicine specializing in treatment and disease of b…
blood clot
the hardened collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue de…
Pathology of Blood
Aneurysm
Aplastic Anemia
Coagulation
Deep Vein Thrombosis
an excessive localized enlargement of an artery caused by a w…
A rare condition in which the body stops producing enough new…
is the process by which blood changes from a liquid to a gel,…
A blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the legs.
Aneurysm
an excessive localized enlargement of an artery caused by a w…
Aplastic Anemia
A rare condition in which the body stops producing enough new…
25 terms
Pathology - Blood
How long do hemoglobin last in the body?
What is heme converted into?
What are thrombocytes?
What does Vit. K do?
~120 days
Converted to bilirubin, transported to the liver, excreted as…
Platelets that initiate the clotting process.
Thicken blood.
How long do hemoglobin last in the body?
~120 days
What is heme converted into?
Converted to bilirubin, transported to the liver, excreted as…
32 terms
PATHOLOGY OF BLOOD
dyscrasia
anemia
iron deficiency anemia
Aplastic anemia
is a name referred to any abnormal or pathologic condition of…
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
the most common type of anemia, caused by lack of iron, which…
is another type of anemia. failure of blood cell production i…
dyscrasia
is a name referred to any abnormal or pathologic condition of…
anemia
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
7 terms
blood pathology
Eosinophilic leukemia
Lymphocytic leukemia
Myeloblastic Leukemia
Sickle cell anemia
Eosinophilic leukemia
Lymphocytic leukemia
13 terms
Blood pathology
Acanthocyte (spur cell)... Associations:…
Basophilic stippling... Associations: ... A…
Bite cell... Associations: G6PD deficien…
Elliptocyte... Hereditary elliptocytosis
Acanthocyte (spur cell)... Associations:…
Basophilic stippling... Associations: ... A…
7 terms
Blood Pathology
Eosinophilic Leukemia
Lymphocytic Leukemia
Myeloblastic Leukemia
Sickle Cell Anemia
Eosinophilic Leukemia
Lymphocytic Leukemia
6 terms
Blood Pathology
Hematology
Blood clot
Coagulate
Dyscrasia
Branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases and…
The hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
To convert from a liquid to a gel or solid, as in blood coagu…
General term indicating the presence of a disease affecting b…
Hematology
Branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases and…
Blood clot
The hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
Blood Pathology
Coagulate
Hematoma
Hemorrhage
Septicemia
to convert a liquid to a gel or solid
collection of blood under the skin
bleeding
bacteria in the blood system... AKA- blood poisoning
Coagulate
to convert a liquid to a gel or solid
Hematoma
collection of blood under the skin
27 terms
blood pathology
hematology
blood clot
coagulate
dyscrasia
branch of medicine specializing in treatment of blood
hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris end…
to confer from a liquid to a gel or solid, as in blood coagul…
a general term indicating the presence of a disease affecting…
hematology
branch of medicine specializing in treatment of blood
blood clot
hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris end…
14 terms
Blood Pathology
Anemia
Aplastic anemia
Hemolytic anemia
Pernicious anemia
Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
Reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vit…
Anemia
Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Aplastic anemia
Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
Blood: Pathology
hematology
blood clot
coagulate
hematoma
the branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases…
the hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
to convert from a liquid to a gel or solid, as in blood coagu…
the collection of blood under the skin as the result from blo…
hematology
the branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases…
blood clot
the hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
26 terms
Blood pathology
Anemia
Iron defincy anemia
Aplastic anemia
Pancytopenia
Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Caused by a lack of iron, which is required for hemoglobin pr…
Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
Occur when stem cells Fail to produce leukocytes, platelets,…
Anemia
Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Iron defincy anemia
Caused by a lack of iron, which is required for hemoglobin pr…
47 terms
Blood Pathology
hematology
dyscrasia
hematoma
hemorrhage
study of diseases and conditions of blood
indicating the presence of a disease affecting blood
collection of blood under skin as result of blood escaping in…
rapid blood flow
hematology
study of diseases and conditions of blood
dyscrasia
indicating the presence of a disease affecting blood
Blood pathology
Hematology
Blood clot
Coagulate
Dyscrasia
The branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases…
The hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
To convert from a liquid to a gel or solid, as in blood coagu…
A general term indicating the presence of a disease affecting…
Hematology
The branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases…
Blood clot
The hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
blood pathology
Coronary artery disease
Atherosclerosis
Ischemic heart disease
Angina Pectoris
plaque build up in the arteries
build up of fat on the artery walls
damage in major blood vessels
chest pain due to reduced blood cell
Coronary artery disease
plaque build up in the arteries
Atherosclerosis
build up of fat on the artery walls
41 terms
blood- pathology
blood dyscrasia
anemia
iron deficiency anemia
aplastic anemia
an abnormal or pathological condition of the blood
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
most common type of anemia, caused by lack of iron
failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
blood dyscrasia
an abnormal or pathological condition of the blood
anemia
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Blood Pathology
agranulocyte
basophil
eosinophi
erythrocyte
white blood cell without granules
WBC that attracts a basic pH stain
WBC that attracts a rosy red stain
a red blood cell
agranulocyte
white blood cell without granules
basophil
WBC that attracts a basic pH stain
27 terms
Blood - Pathology
hematology
blood clot
coagulate
dyscrasia
The branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases…
The hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
To convert from a liquid to a gel or solid, as in blood coagu…
A general term indicating the presence of a disease affecting…
hematology
The branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases…
blood clot
The hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
Blood pathology
allergy
anaphylactic shock
anaphylaxis
anemia
something from the environment that triggers a reaction
life-threatening allergy; affects the whole system; fatal
life-threatening allergy reaction
decrease in RBC count and hemoglobin deficiency
allergy
something from the environment that triggers a reaction
anaphylactic shock
life-threatening allergy; affects the whole system; fatal
Blood Pathology
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Allergy
Anemia
Aplastic Anemia
-destroys T helper cells... -opportunistic infections... -(Kaposi s…
abnormal sensitivity acquired by exposure to antigen
Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Failure of blood cell production due to paladin or a sense of…
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
-destroys T helper cells... -opportunistic infections... -(Kaposi s…
Allergy
abnormal sensitivity acquired by exposure to antigen
7 terms
Blood Pathology
Eosinophilic Leukemia
Lymphocytic Leukemia
Myeloblastic Leukemia
Sickle Cell Anemia
many bi-lobed eosinophils
many large purple lymphocytes
pink/red/purple granulocytes
long RBC
Eosinophilic Leukemia
many bi-lobed eosinophils
Lymphocytic Leukemia
many large purple lymphocytes
80 terms
Blood pathology
MCV
Average volume of RBC
fL
Acute anemia causes
mean corpuscular volume
80-100 fL
femtoliter... 1 fL = 1X10^-15 L
trauma
MCV
mean corpuscular volume
Average volume of RBC
80-100 fL
Blood Pathology
Aplastic Anemia
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Megaloblastic Anemia
Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Bone Marrow Failure (requires transplant)... Accompanied by panc…
Most common anemia... Hb synthesis impeded in absence of Fe (mal…
deficiency of vitamin B12 or folic acid ... RBC nucleus precurse…
long standing deficiency... Pernicious anemia: lack of gastric i…
Aplastic Anemia
Bone Marrow Failure (requires transplant)... Accompanied by panc…
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Most common anemia... Hb synthesis impeded in absence of Fe (mal…
26 terms
Blood Pathology
Myelophthisic Anemia
3 types of hemolytic anemia
thrombocytopenia
malaria
normal bone marrow tissue is replaced by abnormal tissue... huge…
spherocytosis... sickle cell anemia... thalassemia
low blood platelet count... sign & symptoms: easy/excessive brui…
life-threatening disease caused by Plasmodium parasites that…
Myelophthisic Anemia
normal bone marrow tissue is replaced by abnormal tissue... huge…
3 types of hemolytic anemia
spherocytosis... sickle cell anemia... thalassemia
31 terms
Blood Pathology
Cause of neutropenia
Neutropenia treatment
Causes of lymphopenia
Causes of neutrophilia
Drug toxicity, Severe infection
GM-CSF, G-CSF
Immunodeficiency, High cortisol state, Autoimmune destruction…
Bacterial infection, Tissue necrosis, High cortisol state
Cause of neutropenia
Drug toxicity, Severe infection
Neutropenia treatment
GM-CSF, G-CSF
81 terms
Pathology- Blood
___ is the formation of blood cellular…
All blood cells, extracellular compone…
In healthy adults ___ to ___new blood…
Most adults have __ liters of blood, w…
Hematopoiesis
connective tissue
10^11 to 10^12
6... 7-8%
___ is the formation of blood cellular…
Hematopoiesis
All blood cells, extracellular compone…
connective tissue
6 terms
Blood pathology
Anemia
Aplastic anemia
Hemolytic anemia
Pernicious anemia
Deficiency of erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Failure of blood cell production on bone marroe
Reduction of cells due to excess destruction
Lack of mature erythrocytes
Anemia
Deficiency of erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Aplastic anemia
Failure of blood cell production on bone marroe
30 terms
Blood Pathology
anemia
iron deficiency anemia
aplastic anemia
pernicious anemia
condition in which red blood cells do not transport enough ox…
a lack of iron in the blood that affects the production of he…
a failure of the bone marrow to produce enough red blood cells
a condition in which the shape and number of the red blood ce…
anemia
condition in which red blood cells do not transport enough ox…
iron deficiency anemia
a lack of iron in the blood that affects the production of he…
19 terms
Pathology of the Blood
Blood Dyscrasia
Anemia
Aplastic Anemia
Hemolytic Anemia
blood disease
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow... -cause is…
reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction ... -congeni…
Blood Dyscrasia
blood disease
Anemia
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
31 terms
Pathology of Blood
Anemia
Aplastic anemia
Hemolytic anemia
Pernicious anemia
Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Failure of blood cell production in bone marrow
Reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb Vit…
Anemia
Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Aplastic anemia
Failure of blood cell production in bone marrow
32 terms
Pathology of Blood
anemia
low RBC count
sickle cell anemia
polycythemia
decrease in oxygen carrying abilites
cause of anemia
a genetic disorder which leads to abnormal hemoglobin
disease which increases RBC count
anemia
decrease in oxygen carrying abilites
low RBC count
cause of anemia
Blood Pathology
Connective tissue is composed of
How much blood is in the body?
What is hematopoiesis?
Where does hematopoiesis take place?
Blood cells, plasma, blood volume
Approximately 5 liters
Formation of blood cells
In the bone marrow
Connective tissue is composed of
Blood cells, plasma, blood volume
How much blood is in the body?
Approximately 5 liters
23 terms
Blood Pathology
Hematology
Blood clot
Coagulate
Dyscrasia
Study of blood
The hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
Clotting or to convert liquid to a gel or solid, as in blood…
A general term indicating the presence of a disease affecting…
Hematology
Study of blood
Blood clot
The hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
Blood (Pathology)
hematology
blood clot
coagulate
dyscrasia
branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases & co…
hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, & tissue debris that…
convert from a liquid to a gel or solid, as in blood coagulat…
general term indicating the presence of a disease affecting b…
hematology
branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases & co…
blood clot
hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, & tissue debris that…
71 terms
pathology of blood vessels
2 principle mechanisms that underlie v…
the most significant vascular lesions…
arterial pressure
venous pressure
1. stenosis or obstruction... 2. weakening of vessel walls--dila…
arteries
high
low
2 principle mechanisms that underlie v…
1. stenosis or obstruction... 2. weakening of vessel walls--dila…
the most significant vascular lesions…
arteries
42 terms
Pathology - blood
Mean cell hemoglobin
Mean cell hemoglobin concentration
Hemolytic anemia
Hemolytic anemia
Average content of hemoglobin per red cell; expressed in pico…
Average concentration of hemoglobin in a given volume of pack…
Premature destruction of red cells, elevated erythropoietin l…
Increased numbers of erythronium precursors (normoblasts) in…
Mean cell hemoglobin
Average content of hemoglobin per red cell; expressed in pico…
Mean cell hemoglobin concentration
Average concentration of hemoglobin in a given volume of pack…
238 terms
Blood Cell pathology
where does embryonic hematopoiesis tak…
when does bone marrow hematopoiesis be…
how does marrow change from childhood…
what happens if the blood cell require…
in the liver... starts in the third gestational month and conti…
starts in the fourth month of development; all marrow stays r…
until puberty, all marrow is red and active... in adults, about…
fatty marrow can be transformed to red on increased demand... g…
where does embryonic hematopoiesis tak…
in the liver... starts in the third gestational month and conti…
when does bone marrow hematopoiesis be…
starts in the fourth month of development; all marrow stays r…
26 terms
Blood Pathologies
Acute leukemia
Aplastic anemia
Chronic leukemia
DIC (Disseminated intravascular coagul…
A type of cancer of the blood with excess immature white bloo…
A rare condition in which the body stops producing enough new…
Type of persistent blood cancer of the blood and bone marrow
Widespread clotting
Acute leukemia
A type of cancer of the blood with excess immature white bloo…
Aplastic anemia
A rare condition in which the body stops producing enough new…
blood pathology
pentad of TTP ?
triad of HUS
HELLP... stand for ? ... cause ?
what is pathergy sign ? ... - specefic fo…
1- thrombosis ... 2- thrombocytopenia ... 3- hemolytic anemia ... 4- f…
more in children ... 1- thrombocytopenia ... 2- hemolysis... 3- renal…
- hemolysis , elevated liver en , low platelets... -complicatio…
for behjet dis ... - its non-specific skin inflamatory reaction…
pentad of TTP ?
1- thrombosis ... 2- thrombocytopenia ... 3- hemolytic anemia ... 4- f…
triad of HUS
more in children ... 1- thrombocytopenia ... 2- hemolysis... 3- renal…
21 terms
Blood Pathologies
Anemia
Hemorrhagic Anemia
Chronic hemorrhagic anemia
Iron deficiency anemia
blood has abnormally low O2 carrying capacity. ... Sign rather t…
Rapid blood loss... treated by blood replacement
slight but persistent blood loss... hemorrhoids, bleeding ulcer,…
caused by hemorrhagic anemia... low iron intake... impaired absorpt…
Anemia
blood has abnormally low O2 carrying capacity. ... Sign rather t…
Hemorrhagic Anemia
Rapid blood loss... treated by blood replacement
15 terms
Blood System Pathology
anemia
aplastic anemia
pancytopenia
hemolytic anemia
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
failure of stem cells to produce leukocytes, platelets, and e…
reduction in red blood cells due to destruction
anemia
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
aplastic anemia
failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
Blood Pathologies
Leukopenia
Leukocytosis
Polycythemia
Anemia
Abnormal decrease in the number of WBCs
Abnormal increase in the number of WBCs
Abnormal increase in the number of RBCs
Characterized with few RBCs or RBCs with hemoglobin deficiency
Leukopenia
Abnormal decrease in the number of WBCs
Leukocytosis
Abnormal increase in the number of WBCs
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