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Study sets matching "pathology final speech language"

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Study sets matching "pathology final speech language"

44 terms
Intro to Speech Language Pathology
Communication
What are some examples of non verbal c…
Adequate speech and language proficien…
Name the main components of communicat…
an exchange of meaning between sender and receiver
gestures, facial expressions, body language, icons
True
1. Language... 2. Speech (articulation, fluency, voice)... 3. Hearing
Communication
an exchange of meaning between sender and receiver
What are some examples of non verbal c…
gestures, facial expressions, body language, icons
25 terms
Introduction to Speech-Language Pathology
What is a speech-language pathologist?
What is an audiologist? (3)
Normal Communication (3)
Language may be ___________,__________…
Professionals who are educated to evaluate and treat disorder…
*Healthcare professionals who provide patient-centered care i…
*Communication includes all means by which information is tra…
*spoken ... *written ... *signed
What is a speech-language pathologist?
Professionals who are educated to evaluate and treat disorder…
What is an audiologist? (3)
*Healthcare professionals who provide patient-centered care i…
62 terms
Speech Language Pathology in Rehab
what is dysarthria?
name 2 expressive language modalities
name 2 receptive language modalities
what is an expressive deficit?
speech motor execution
verbal ... writting
auditory... reading
impairment of production of output (state needs/ wants in any…
what is dysarthria?
speech motor execution
name 2 expressive language modalities
verbal ... writting
47 terms
Medical Speech-Language Pathology
Language
Expressive
Receptive
Right hemisphere injury
organized set of symbols used for communication... combination o…
impairment of production of output
disturbance in the perception and understanding of language
damage to the right side of the brain
Language
organized set of symbols used for communication... combination o…
Expressive
impairment of production of output
49 terms
Speech-Language Pathology
cerebral palsy
cleft palate
communication disorders
dysphagia
a group of disorders present from birth that affect brain and…
the most common birth defect in the United States; an abnorma…
disorders that affect the ability to speak and communicate; t…
difficulty swallowing
cerebral palsy
a group of disorders present from birth that affect brain and…
cleft palate
the most common birth defect in the United States; an abnorma…
38 terms
Medical Speech-Language Pathology
Two Medical Areas of Disorders
Neurological
Language
Expressive Language
-Neurological... -Swallowing
-Language... -Motor Speech... -Degenerative
-an organized set of symbols used for communication ... -a combi…
impairment of production output
Two Medical Areas of Disorders
-Neurological... -Swallowing
Neurological
-Language... -Motor Speech... -Degenerative
16 terms
Intro to Speech-Language Pathology
Speech Language Pathologist
Audiologists
Normal Communication
In normal communication, language may…
Professionals who are educated to evaluate and treat disorder…
experts in the non-medical management of the auditory and bal…
-includes all means by which information is transmitted betwe…
-spoken, written, or signed... -all forms of language are used t…
Speech Language Pathologist
Professionals who are educated to evaluate and treat disorder…
Audiologists
experts in the non-medical management of the auditory and bal…
64 terms
Neuroanatomy Speech Language Pathology
Dendrite
Axon
Monopolar(unipolar neurons)
Bipolar neurons
Transmits information toward soma
Transmits information away from soma
Have single, bifurcating process arising from soma
Possess two processes
Dendrite
Transmits information toward soma
Axon
Transmits information away from soma
16 terms
Speech Language Pathology (SLP)
Aphasia
Aphasia
Brocas
Wernickes
Impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere dam…
- Communication disorder - damage to parts of the brain that…
UNABLE TO EXPRESS... Non-Fluid or Expressive Aphasia... Trouble sp…
UNABLE TO UNDERSTAND... Fluent or Receptive Aphasia... Language is…
Aphasia
Impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere dam…
Aphasia
- Communication disorder - damage to parts of the brain that…
295 terms
Speech Language Pathology Praxis Exam
Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
Cranial nerve I, Sensory, Smell
Cranial nerve II, Sensory, Vision
Cranial nerve III, Motor, Eye movement
Cranial nerve IV, Motor, Eye movement
Olfactory
Cranial nerve I, Sensory, Smell
Optic
Cranial nerve II, Sensory, Vision
17 terms
Assessment in Speech Language Pathology
formal tests
informal tests
criterion referenced tests
norm referenced test
(standardized tests) tests that provide standard procedures f…
(naturalistic) provides a descriptive measurement of communic…
these tests don't compare to anyone else's scores, identify w…
test that allows a comparison of an individuals performance t…
formal tests
(standardized tests) tests that provide standard procedures f…
informal tests
(naturalistic) provides a descriptive measurement of communic…
90 terms
Speech-Language pathology
respiration
inspiration
expiration
phonation
-process of breathing involving exchange of gas btw organism…
thoracic muscles are used for?
abdominal muscles are used for?
-air comes from lungs thru trachea to larynx and sets vocal c…
respiration
-process of breathing involving exchange of gas btw organism…
inspiration
thoracic muscles are used for?
27 terms
Overview of Speech-Language Pathology
Evaluation and Rx of delayed or Disord…
Difference from Adults
Work settings
Communication
- communication Skills... - Pre- linguistic, cognitive, and soci…
- young children are acquiring new skills they never had befo…
Hospital & Specialty Clinic... Rehab Facility... -->inpatient... -->o…
-Speech... -Language... -Augmentative /alternative communication(AA…
Evaluation and Rx of delayed or Disord…
- communication Skills... - Pre- linguistic, cognitive, and soci…
Difference from Adults
- young children are acquiring new skills they never had befo…
74 terms
speech-language pathology
brain injury
stutter/stummer
stroke
congenital
uraz mózgu
jąkać się
udar
wrodzone(o chorobie)
brain injury
uraz mózgu
stutter/stummer
jąkać się
12 terms
Speech Language Pathology
articulators are moving continuously
change in segment in such a way that i…
one sound is being replaced with anoth…
present in speech repertoire but canno…
coarticulation
phonetic similitude
coalescence
phonological processes
articulators are moving continuously
coarticulation
change in segment in such a way that i…
phonetic similitude
16 terms
Speech Language Pathology (SLP)
Aphasia
Aphasia
Brocas
Wernickes
Impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere dam…
- Communication disorder - damage to parts of the brain that…
UNABLE TO EXPRESS... Non-Fluid or Expressive Aphasia... Trouble sp…
UNABLE TO UNDERSTAND... Fluent or Receptive Aphasia... Language is…
Aphasia
Impairment of language, usually caused by left hemisphere dam…
Aphasia
- Communication disorder - damage to parts of the brain that…
47 terms
The Practice of Speech Language Pathology
What was the 'original group' for spee…
When were the first standards for clin…
Speech and Sound production includes:
Resonance includes:
American Speech Correction Association (ASCA); Became ASHA in…
1952
- articulation... - apraxia of speech... - dysarthria... - ataxia... - dy…
- hypernasality... - hyponasality... - cul de sac... - mixed resonance
What was the 'original group' for spee…
American Speech Correction Association (ASCA); Became ASHA in…
When were the first standards for clin…
1952
Speech-Language Pathology
cerebral palsy
cleft palate
communication disorders
dysphagia
a group of disorders present from birth that affect brain and…
the most common birth defect in the United States; an abnorma…
disorders that affect the ability to speak and communicate; t…
difficulty swallowing
cerebral palsy
a group of disorders present from birth that affect brain and…
cleft palate
the most common birth defect in the United States; an abnorma…
18 terms
Speech language pathology
Phonology
Morphology
Morpheme
Syntax
The study of the sound system of language and includes the ru…
The structure of words;it analyzes how words are built out of…
Smallest meaningful unit of language
Consists of organizational rules denoting word, phrase, and c…
Phonology
The study of the sound system of language and includes the ru…
Morphology
The structure of words;it analyzes how words are built out of…
58 terms
Speech and Language Pathology
Aphasia
Acquired impairment
Language processes
Language skills located in what hemisp…
Acquired impairment of language processes underlying receptiv…
aphasia results from CVA (ischemic or hemorrhagic)
receptive (understanding), expressive (spoken), reading and w…
Left hemisphere
Aphasia
Acquired impairment of language processes underlying receptiv…
Acquired impairment
aphasia results from CVA (ischemic or hemorrhagic)
29 terms
EBP in Speech-Language Pathology
Assessment
Diagnosis
Three Parts of EBP
Standard Procedure for Assessment
Refers to the process of arriving at a diagnosis.
Understanding the problem, or naming a disorder by analyzing…
1. Current best evidence... 2. Clinical expertise... 3. Client/pati…
1. Screening... 2. Case History... 3. Orofacial Exam... 4. Interviews…
Assessment
Refers to the process of arriving at a diagnosis.
Diagnosis
Understanding the problem, or naming a disorder by analyzing…
83 terms
Neuroanatomy Speech Language Pathology
Dendrite
Axon
Monopolar(unipolar neurons)
Bipolar neurons
Transmits information toward soma
Transmits information away from soma
Have single, bifurcating process arising from soma
Possess two processes
Dendrite
Transmits information toward soma
Axon
Transmits information away from soma
66 terms
Speech-Language Pathology Final
articulation
Classify sounds by...
4 ways articulation disorders are char…
speech intelligibility
ability to produce sounds in sequence by moving the articulat…
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)
1. substitutions ... 2. omissions... 3. distortions ... 4. additions
how easy it is to understand the individual
articulation
ability to produce sounds in sequence by moving the articulat…
Classify sounds by...
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)
54 terms
Medical Speech-Language Pathology
What is Language?
Medical Setting
Expressive Language Disorder
Receptive Language Disorder
-an organized set of symbols used for communication... -an accep…
Two basic area of disorders:... -neurological ... -swallowing
impairment of production of output... difficulty producing the c…
disturbance in the perception and understanding of language
What is Language?
-an organized set of symbols used for communication... -an accep…
Medical Setting
Two basic area of disorders:... -neurological ... -swallowing
26 terms
Pediatric Speech & Language Pathology
Delays/Disorders to Evaluate
SLP differences between adults & peds
Types of Communication
3 months
- communication skills... - pre-linguistic, cognitive & social i…
- young children don't have a motivation to communicate becau…
- speech... - language... - augmentative/ alternative communication…
- cooing... - will do reciprocally (parent makes sound, baby mak…
Delays/Disorders to Evaluate
- communication skills... - pre-linguistic, cognitive & social i…
SLP differences between adults & peds
- young children don't have a motivation to communicate becau…
64 terms
Neuroanatomy Speech Language Pathology
Dendrite
Axon
Monopolar(unipolar neurons)
Bipolar neurons
Transmits information toward soma
Transmits information away from soma
Have single, bifurcating process arising from soma
Possess two processes
Dendrite
Transmits information toward soma
Axon
Transmits information away from soma
64 terms
Neuroanatomy Speech Language Pathology
Dendrite
Axon
Monopolar(unipolar neurons)
Bipolar neurons
Transmits information toward soma
Transmits information away from soma
Have single, bifurcating process arising from soma
Possess two processes
Dendrite
Transmits information toward soma
Axon
Transmits information away from soma
18 terms
intro to speech language pathology
Speech language pathologist
Audiologists
Communication
Language
a professional who is educated to evaluate and treat disorder…
experts in the non-medical management of the auditory and bal…
includes all means by which information is transmitted betwee…
highly sophisticated system of communication that may be spok…
Speech language pathologist
a professional who is educated to evaluate and treat disorder…
Audiologists
experts in the non-medical management of the auditory and bal…
17 terms
Medical Speech Language Pathology
What are 5 common instruments used to…
SOAP stands for and are used to..
Three examples of client- family suppo…
Infectious disease specialists
1. Videoflueroscopy ... 2. EMG... 3. nasendoscopy... 4. stroboscopy ... 5…
Used for documentation and assessment of treatment. ... S=subjec…
1. making sure reading material is understood.... 2. providing i…
involved with patient who have AIDS and AID-related diseases.…
What are 5 common instruments used to…
1. Videoflueroscopy ... 2. EMG... 3. nasendoscopy... 4. stroboscopy ... 5…
SOAP stands for and are used to..
Used for documentation and assessment of treatment. ... S=subjec…
66 terms
Diagnostics in Speech Language Pathology
Diagnostic
Diagnosis
Evaluation
Assessment
-refers to the method of diagnosis (adj.)... -refers to what you…
(noun) to identify precisely the nature of a communication di…
Activities used to: ... 1. establish child's initial & continual…
ongoing procedures used to identify the child's unique needs…
Diagnostic
-refers to the method of diagnosis (adj.)... -refers to what you…
Diagnosis
(noun) to identify precisely the nature of a communication di…
83 terms
Neuroanatomy Speech Language Pathology
Dendrite
Axon
Monopolar(unipolar neurons)
Bipolar neurons
Transmits information toward soma
Transmits information away from soma
Have single, bifurcating process arising from soma
Possess two processes
Dendrite
Transmits information toward soma
Axon
Transmits information away from soma
17 terms
Assessment in Speech Language Pathology
formal tests
informal tests
criterion referenced tests
norm referenced test
(standardized tests) tests that provide standard procedures f…
(naturalistic) provides a descriptive measurement of communic…
these tests don't compare to anyone else's scores, identify w…
test that allows a comparison of an individuals performance t…
formal tests
(standardized tests) tests that provide standard procedures f…
informal tests
(naturalistic) provides a descriptive measurement of communic…
10 terms
Foundations of Speech Language Pathology
Assessment
Purposes of Assessment
Screening
Referral
Can cover language, speech, cognition, feeding, swallowing, v…
1. To identify skills that a person does and does not have in…
Provides a quick check of an individuals performance in a par…
Is the process by which the involvement of speech, language,…
Assessment
Can cover language, speech, cognition, feeding, swallowing, v…
Purposes of Assessment
1. To identify skills that a person does and does not have in…
78 terms
Research Speech Language Pathology
Correlational research design
Case study research design
Experimental research design
Descriptive research design
A sample of orthopedic clients varies greatly in their reques…
Research investigating individual participants in detail and…
Ms. Canseco attends a workshop that introduces her to a new s…
Scientific procedures that involve systematically observing b…
Correlational research design
A sample of orthopedic clients varies greatly in their reques…
Case study research design
Research investigating individual participants in detail and…
18 terms
Assessment in speech Language Pathology
What is an SLP
Explain what SLP client might look like
How to get Referred
Work with slp to figure out
Speech language Pathology
clients from birth through death... Evaluation, Treatment, Plan…
CYS or WRC... -Rural and preschool-age refferred to public healt…
-Language problem..... -executive functioning.. ... -Behviour. - if…
What is an SLP
Speech language Pathology
Explain what SLP client might look like
clients from birth through death... Evaluation, Treatment, Plan…
66 terms
Diagnostics in Speech Language Pathology
Diagnostic
Diagnosis
Evaluation
Assessment
-refers to the method of diagnosis (adj.)... -refers to what you…
(noun) to identify precisely the nature of a communication di…
Activities used to: ... 1. establish child's initial & continual…
ongoing procedures used to identify the child's unique needs…
Diagnostic
-refers to the method of diagnosis (adj.)... -refers to what you…
Diagnosis
(noun) to identify precisely the nature of a communication di…
57 terms
Final: Speech-Language Pathology
A particular modality of communication…
Speech involves what 3 things?
A rule-governed, dynamic system
Language involves what 2 skills?
Speech
-Articulation... -Voice... -Fluency
Language
-Receptive skills... -Expressive abilities
A particular modality of communication…
Speech
Speech involves what 3 things?
-Articulation... -Voice... -Fluency
83 terms
Neuroanatomy Speech Language Pathology
Dendrite
Axon
Monopolar(unipolar neurons)
Bipolar neurons
Transmits information toward soma
Transmits information away from soma
Have single, bifurcating process arising from soma
Possess two processes
Dendrite
Transmits information toward soma
Axon
Transmits information away from soma
35 terms
Neuroscience for Speech Language Pathology
Define Neuroscience
Neuroscience is closely related to SLP'S
Toward the front of the brain
Toward the back of the brain
Anatomy and physiology of the nervous system.
1. Neuronal organization of the brain is the prerequisite for…
anterior
posterior
Define Neuroscience
Anatomy and physiology of the nervous system.
Neuroscience is closely related to SLP'S
1. Neuronal organization of the brain is the prerequisite for…
9 terms
Speech Language Pathology
Population served
Diagnostic techniques
Bedside swallow eval
What is penetration?
-stroke... -progressive neurological and neuromuscular diseases…
-standardized assessments... -clinical/bedside swallowing exam... -…
-eval of oral motor structure, function and sensation... -eval o…
-food/liquid in airway above vocal chords
Population served
-stroke... -progressive neurological and neuromuscular diseases…
Diagnostic techniques
-standardized assessments... -clinical/bedside swallowing exam... -…
27 terms
Introduction to Speech-Language Pathology
SLP
Audiologist
Communication
Language
professionals who are educated to evaluate and treat disorder…
Healthcare professionals who provide patient-centered care in…
includes all means by which information is transmitted betwee…
Highly sophisticated system of communication. Rule-based. Sen…
SLP
professionals who are educated to evaluate and treat disorder…
Audiologist
Healthcare professionals who provide patient-centered care in…
18 terms
Intro to Speech Language Pathology
Why is it important to have ethical st…
Give three examples of how an SLP or a…
Identify two ways in which a clinician…
Describe three external factors that i…
...
...
...
...
Why is it important to have ethical st…
...
Give three examples of how an SLP or a…
...
13 terms
Intro to Speech and Language Pathology
How early do SLPs begin working with c…
What communication related behaviors c…
In what areas could a child exhibit a…
What kind of communication do infants…
One week, SPLs can intervene at any time
Baby's make eye contact, coo and babble
Form, contact, and use
Cooing, babbling, and gestures
How early do SLPs begin working with c…
One week, SPLs can intervene at any time
What communication related behaviors c…
Baby's make eye contact, coo and babble
40 terms
Introduction to Speech-Language Pathology.
What is communication?
What are common codes?
What are the basic components of commu…
What is voice?
Any exchange of information between people using a common code.
1.) Words 2.) Behavior 3.) Symbols... 4.) Gestures 5.) Signs 6.)…
Voice... Articulation... Language... Fluency ... Hearing
vibrations of vocal fold as air from lungs pass over them.
What is communication?
Any exchange of information between people using a common code.
What are common codes?
1.) Words 2.) Behavior 3.) Symbols... 4.) Gestures 5.) Signs 6.)…
28 terms
The Practice of Speech-Language Pathology
speech sound production areas
resonance areas
language comprehension and expression…
may EXEMPT certain individuals from th…
articulation... apraxia of speech... dysarthria... ataxia... dyskinesia
hypernasality... hyponasality... cul de sac or mixed resonance
phonology... morphology... syntax... semantics... pragmatics... literacy... pre…
federal employees ... those practicing in the schools
speech sound production areas
articulation... apraxia of speech... dysarthria... ataxia... dyskinesia
resonance areas
hypernasality... hyponasality... cul de sac or mixed resonance
295 terms
Speech Language Pathology Praxis Exam
Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
Cranial nerve I, Sensory, Smell
Cranial nerve II, Sensory, Vision
Cranial nerve III, Motor, Eye movement
Cranial nerve IV, Motor, Eye movement
Olfactory
Cranial nerve I, Sensory, Smell
Optic
Cranial nerve II, Sensory, Vision
25 terms
Speech Language Pathology-- Quiz #5
Aphasia
Ischemic stroke
embolism
Hemorrhagic stroke
acquired disorder (language impairment) caused by stroke, or…
blockage of blood supply (ex. clogged artery)--stopped up, wh…
a traveling plaque that lodges and does damage
goes all over the place (ex. artery rupture)--bleed damages t…
Aphasia
acquired disorder (language impairment) caused by stroke, or…
Ischemic stroke
blockage of blood supply (ex. clogged artery)--stopped up, wh…
61 terms
Neurological impacts/Medical speech language pathology
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
autonomic nervous system
An organization of nerves according to structural, spatial, a…
made up of the brain and spinal cord
made up of the nerves outside the skull and spinal column
controls and regulates the internal environment
nervous system
An organization of nerves according to structural, spatial, a…
central nervous system
made up of the brain and spinal cord
136 terms
Pediatric Speech Language Pathology Final
Intellectual Disability
Prevalence of ID
causes of ID
Biological causes of ID
...
2.5%... 35% of kids on caseload are at risk for abuse and neglect
biological... social (environmental)... genetics ... associated disord…
could be: drugs while pregnant, zika virus, taxoplasmosis, ce…
Intellectual Disability
...
Prevalence of ID
2.5%... 35% of kids on caseload are at risk for abuse and neglect
12 terms
Muscle of the Face for Speech Language Pathology
Orbicularis oris inferior and superior
Risorius
Levator labii superioris
Zygomatic Minor
O: corner of lips... Course: Laterally within lips... Insertion:…
O: posterior region of the face along the fascia of the masse…
O: infraorbital margin of the maxilla... Course: down and in to…
O: facial surface of the zygomatic bone... Insertion: mid later…
Orbicularis oris inferior and superior
O: corner of lips... Course: Laterally within lips... Insertion:…
Risorius
O: posterior region of the face along the fascia of the masse…
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